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In the year 1641, Mr. Endicot was opposed with unshaken perseverance. elected deputy governor of the colony. To any attempts to change the order He held the same office for the two of the churches, or introduce any refollowing years. In 1644, he was laxation of discipline; to any proposal chosen governor, Mr. Winthrop being to change the fundamental laws of the the deputy. At the death of the ven- colony or reduce the tone of public erable Gov. Winthrop, in 1649, Mr. morals, he gave no indulgence. His Endicot was chosen governor, and was course was fixed when he first took re-elected to the same office eve- the charge of the infant settlement, and my year, except one, till his death in he pursued it with undaunted step till 1665. He was governor of the colo- the end of his days. His persevering reny for sixteen years; a longer term solution, in the important stations than that office has been beld by any which he held, for thirty-seven years, other man. He also held the office of had a powerful tendency to çement commander in chief of the militia, and those admirable institutions which Commissioner of the United Colonies. were devised by him and his great In 1636, he commanded an important compatriots, of which their posterity expedition against the Pequod Indians. now enjoy the inestimable benefits. I am inclined to beliere that no man Mr. Endicot had a very great desire has ever lived in Massachusetts who to see a Christian church in an entire has held such a number of important conformity to the gospel standard. offices, for so long a period, with
such He appears to have had no preposa degree of popularity, as Mr. Endi session for any particular church cot. In the latter part of his life there order, but such as the gospel furnishwere attempts by the British court toes. And he believed the principles remove him from the chair of govern- of the New-England churches to be ment. Few men could be found more conformable to that system, than whose sentiments and characters were any other that he had known. And more averse to the arbitrary principles though convinced that, by the purest and the dissolute gaiety of the court of zeal and the utmost exertions, this obCharles IĮ. than Mr. Endicot. Their |ject could never be entirely realized wish that he might be removed from in the present imperfect state of the the chief magistracy, was duly signifi-church, he felt it to be the duty of all ed to the colony. These efforts, how-Christians to labor for the greatest apever, were unsuccessful; the attach- |proximation to the perfect rule. ment and confidence of the people, As a Christian, Mr. Endicot was which he had long possessed, continu-faithful and eminently laborious in the ed to increase to the end of his life.— service of his Lord. The honor of his For some of the latter years of his life name, and the interests of the Church, he lived in Boston, where he died, were objects, at all times, nearest his greatly lamented, in March, 1665. heart; to the advancement of which
As a Magistrate, Mr. Endicot was his life and sabors were eminently deupright and inflexible. Against vice, voted. His natural ardor sometimes led and all innovations, inconsistent with him into indiscretions, but those who the principles of the colony, he was re- best knew him, knew that his zeal was solute and severe. In all popular|| a zeal for the Redeemer. He is justcommotions he was independent and ly considered the founder of that noundaunted. He never lost sight of the ble commonwealth ; and though the great object for which the colony was talents and virtues of Winthrop were planted; the advancement of the pure necessary to complete the fabric, the religion of Christ Jesus. Every devi- first stones were laid by the faithful, ation from original principles, every indefatigable Endicot. change or relaxation, which he judged
0. inconsistent with the great object, he [ To be continued.]
For the Utica Christian Magazine. state of Christians, in this world, is also ON PRAYING FOR PERFECTION.
irrevocably determined by the Divine
purpose, and therefore we ought not to Concluded from Page 95.
pray for their immediate perfection in QUESTION-Is it the duty of Chrisians holiness. to pray for immediate perfection in
It is said, as an objection to the docholiness? ANSWER-It is not . trine we advocate, that if we possess
To this doctrine there are several any degree of holiness, we cannot but plausible objections, which we shall desire it to perfection, and consequentbriefly notice,
ly we shall pray for it: we shall desire 1st. Christians are commanded to and pray for it, immediately. be perfectly holy, iminediately, there- It is readily granted that the least fore, they ought to pray that this may degree of holiness will lead us to denow, be their character.
sire it, in perfection; nothing short of That Christians are commanded to this will ever satisfy our desires : but, be perfectly holy, immediately, is ad- that we shall, of course, desire and pray mitted; but, if this proves that they that this perfection may be granted us ought to pray that God would bring immediately, does not necessarily folthem into this state, immediately; it low. However desirable this perfecequally proves that it is their duty to|tion may be, in itself, there may be sufpray that the whole human race, that ficient reasons for not desiring that it all the infernal spirits, and all the sin-should, iminediately, take place.Ders in creation, may become immedi-. These reasons have been assigned in ately and perfectly holy. None will the preceding arguments. deny that God requires perfect holi- It is, also, objected to the doctrine ness of all rational creatures, every under consideration, that, if this be moment of their existence, whatever true, it must be our duty to pray that be their character or their condition. we may be but partially sanctified, in If the command to be perfectly holy, this life; or, which is the same thing, as it respects ourselves, makes it our that we may live in some sin: but, this duty to pray that this may, now, be-woukl be impious; no person can come our character; the same com- make such a prayer, with holy desires. mand, as it respects all other sinners, In reply, we observe, that sin is not will make it our duty to pray that this to be the object of our petitions, but of may, now, become their character.- our detestation. We are to offer up If there be any weight in this argument,|| no other desires, in prayer, than those it proves, that it is the duty of Chris- which accord with the Divine com. tians to pray that not only themselves | mands; we are to petition for no other and their fellow Christians, but that all things than those, which it is our duty the sinners on earth and all the sinners to desire, and which we may lawfully in the universe may be made immedi-possess. Every thing, which does not ately and perfectly holy. The argu-accord with the letter and spirit of the ment applies, iņ the same manner, and Divine requirements, we must loathe, with equal force, in the one case, as detest and avoid ; we must be labori: in the other. But, no one will believe|ous and persevering in our exertions this to be his duty. The argument, in to be freed from sin; must oppose it support of this objection, then, proves in every shape; must strive to suppress too much; it is, of course, fallacious, and to eradicate it in every form and and proves nothing.
degree; we must labor to be wholly Should it be said that the state of in-| freed from its dominion, and must be fernal spirits is irrevocably determined zealous and constant in the duty of by the Divine purpose, and therefore, prayer, and in the use of all other apwe ought not to pray for their de pointed means, for this purpose.--liverance ;-we reply, the imperfect Without this, we cannot exercise R Christian spirit; and can have no ra- for the Jews, at a certain time, because tional hope that we belong to the fam- God had revealed his determination to ily of Christ.
destroy them. (Jer. yii. 15, 16.) DaIt is the distinguishing character of niel, having discovered, in the propheall true Christians, that they “hungercies, that the set time of Judah’s delivand thirst after righteousness;" are ne- erance from captivity was near at hand, ver satisfied with present attainments; was greatly encouraged and animated, but," forgetting the things that are be-by this consideration, in praying for hind, and reaching forth unto those that event. (Daniel ix. 2. and onward.) things that are before, they press to- The prophecies and promises respectward the mark,” of absolute sinless || ing the future prosperity and glory of perfection, and can never rest till they the church ; or, in other words, the reobtain it.
vealed purposes of God respecting this If there be any, who are not of this event, afford a powerful inducement to character, let them remember that|| Christians, to pray with fervency, and they have po inheritance with the peo-to go on with courage, in the use of ple of God. But, this does not imply means, for its accomplishment. It is that they ever will obtain an entire the revealed purpose of God that those freedom from sin, or become perfect- who have committed the unpardonaly holy, in this world. Neither does ble sin, and that those who are now in it imply that they have any expecta- the infemal regions, should never retion of this, or that they would, on the ceive forgiveness, and this is the only. whole, desire it. The greatest exer-conceivable reason why we are not tions to be freed from sin and to in- permitted to pray for them. In short, crease in holiness, are perfectly con-all the purposes of God, that are made sistent with a belief that we shall never known to us, are designed to have some attain to absolute sinless perfection in influence respecting our duty. By the this life; and that to arrive at such a commands, which God hath given us, state, in this world, would not, all we are taught the nature of those dethings considered, be a desirable event; sires which we are to offer up to Him, and therefore it would not be the ob- in prayer; and, by his revealed purject of their desire and choice. Hence, poses, we are taught to limit the obit by no means follows from this doc- ljects of these desires and petitions. trine, that we ought to desire and pray By the former our desires and petitions that we may live in sin; neither does are qualified, and by the latter they it follow that we ought not to abhor are limited. sin, as the greatest and worst of evils, It is further objected to the above and to use all the means in our power arguments, that they are inconsistent, to be wholly delivered from its domin-| and destroy themselves: we plead, it jon.
in said, for perfect submission to the It is further objected to the doctrine, Divine will, and yet hold that it is not we advocate, that the purposes of God our duty to pray for perfection. are not to be taken for the rule of our Our answer is, that perfect submis conduct; they are the rule of his own sion, and perfect holiness in all its conduct, but his commands are the rule branches, are our reasonable duty ;of ours.
but it by no means follows, as we have It is readily admitted that the secret before observed, that it is our duty to purposes of God are not to be the rule pray that we may, immediately, attain of our conduct, for we know not what| to this perfection. they are: but that God’s revealed pur- It is also said, that, according to the poses are to have no influence upon doctrine we have advanced, we have our conduct, and may not in certain no right to pray for the salvation of any, cases determine our duty, is not true. but the elect; which is inconsistent Jeremiah was commanded not to pray with those general forms of prayer,
which we all make, and which the no duty be performed without a misscriptures plainly inculcate.
ture of imperfection. Such is the haTo this we reply, 1st, That it is our bitual character of all true christians. duty to desire and to pray for the tem- But the apostle adds in his petition, poral and eternal welfare of all our fel." that they may be preserved blamelow men, unless it be the revealed pur- less, until the coming of our Lord Jepose of God that they will not be sav. sus Christ.” The word blameless, aled. There is no such purpose respect-though it literally signifies entire freeing any individual now existing upondom from sin, is sometimes used in earth, that he shall not be saved; un- a more lax sense, signifying, merely, less it be some one, who is known to an habitual course of eminent piety, have committed the unpardonable sin. such as is exemplified in the lives of Therefore, it is our duty to desire and the most distinguished christians. to pray for the salvation of all, who are It is written of Zachariah and Eliznow living in the world; and the same abeth, that they were“ both righteous may be said of all future generations. before God, walking in all the com2dly. The prayers, that are referred to mandments and ordinances of the Lord in the objection, are of a general na-blameless.” (Luke i. 6.) In Titus, i. 7. ture, and may with propriety be made this is made the requisite qualification without including every individual. -- for a Bishop, that he be blameless: and And, 3dly, They are offered up, as in 1 Titus iïi. 10. this is also made a all acceptable prayer inust be, with requisite qualification for a Deacon.submission to the Divine will. Such That the word blameless, in these pasprayers are, therefore, by no means in- sages, signifies not sinless perfection, consistent with the principle, that we but only such an habitual rectitude of have no right to pray for any event, character, as exemplary christians usuwhich is inconsistent with the revealed || ally possess, is evident. And that this or known purposes of God.
must be its meaning, in the text under Once more, It is objected to the consideration, appears from the last doctrine we have endeavored to estab-clause, “Faithful is he that hath called lish, that it is inconsistent with several you, who also will do it." Here the passages of scripture. The words of apostle assures them, that if they were St. Paul in 1 Thess. v. 23, are perhaps true christians, as he supposes them to the most plausible. “The very God be, they should actually receive all of peace sanctify you wholly; and I the blessings that are expressed in his pray God your whole spirit and soul petition; and then appeals to the faithand body be preserved blameless unto fulness of God, as the ground of this the coining of our Lord Jesus Christ. assurance. Hence it is plain, that no Faithful is he that hath called you, who greater perfection is expressed in this also will do it."
petition, than that which eminent chrisBy the word “wholly,” in this pas-tians may, actually attain to in this sage, the apostle evidently meant, the world; which must be short of sinless man, in all his parts, as consisting of perfection. an immortal soul, an animal life, and a Another passage, which is thought mortal body; for thus it is explained to be inconsistent with the doctrine, in the next clause. The petition is, we have advocated, is in Heb. xiii. 20, that the whole man, with all his facul-21. Now the God of peace make you ties of soul and body, might be conse- || perfect in every good work to do his crated to the service of God; that no will, working in you that which is well member or faculty should be under the pleasing in his sight.” It is said that dominion of sin. But this by no the apostle in this passage, prays for means, implies a state of sinless per- the sinless perfection of his brethren, fection. All our faculties may be em- in this life. The only evidence of this ployed in the service of God, and yet il is derived from the word perfect; but,
this we know is often used, by the in-| tion must me made, with submission spired writers, in a restricted sense, to the divine will: desiring that the as synonymous with just, righteous things contained in it, may take place and upright, meaning nothing more only so far as they may be consistent than such an habitual rectitude of with the purposes of God. But no pecharacter, as is common to all be-titions which are offered in this manlievers. “Noah is called a just manner, can be at all inconsistent with the and perfect in his generation.” And doctrine which we have endeavored to Job is said to be “a perfect and up-establish. right man.” Of believers, in general, To conclude, we observe--that no the Psalmist declares, “Mark the per- texts which express merely our duty fect man and behold the upright, for to be sinlessly perfect, in this life, will the end of that man is peace.” disprove the doctrine under considera
But, if we admit that the word per- tion. fect, in the above passage, is taken It is admitted that this is our duty, in its widest extent, signifying absolute and it has been shewn, that this consisinless perfection, it will not be incon-deration is not inconsistent with the sistent with the doctrine, we have doctrine we have endeavored to supbeen considering. The apostle does port. not specify the time, when he design- Neither are those texts, which exed this petition to be granted. We press merely desires for perfection, any may reasonably suppose, that it was evidence against this doctrine; for we the object of his petition, not that they have showă-that such desires are enz should be perfectly sanctified, at that tirely consistent with it. instant, but, that God would carry on Neither are petitions for such traits the work of sanctification in their of character, as christians actually poshearts, according to his promise ;- sess, in this world, any evidence against would cause them to grow in knowl-the doctrine we advocate ; for as all edge and grace, till they should, even-christians are imperfect in this life, tually arrive to sinless perfection. these will not be petitions for absolute But, this by no means implies that perfection. And we may also observe, they would ever arrive at this state,|| that petitions for absolute perfection, in the present world, or that any such afford no evidence against this docdesire is contained in the apostle's pe-trine, unless they be expressly limited tition.
to this life. It is doubtless our duty to The last objection we shall notice, pray for perfect holiness, and to pray is contained in this expression of our in faith, relying upon the fulfilment of Lord's Prayer: Thy will be done the promises which God hath made to on earth, as it is done in Heaven.” his people; “I will never leave thee
This passage has often, if not gener. nor forsake thee;" my grace shall ally been understood to signify the pur- be sufficient for thee, and my strength poses of God. 'If this be the true and on shall be made perfect in weakness." ly meaning, it can evidently be po ob-" The righteous shall hold on his way, jection to the doctrine under consider- and he that hath clean hands, shall ation. And if it signify the divine com- grow stronger and stronger.” “They mands, it will afford no real objection that wait upon the Lord, shall renew against this doctrine. For, 1st. It is a their strength; they shall mount up general expression, similar to those with wings as eagles; they shall run which have been noticed, respecting and not be weary, they shall walk and general prayers. 2ndly. It may refer not faint." Relying upon these proto the days of the Millennium ; when mises, we may confidently pray that the worship of God will extend over God would“ establish us and keep us the whole earth, as it now does through- from evil;" that he would cause us to out all heaven, --and 3dly, This peti- " increase and abound in love toward