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others. See 2 Cor. xi. 8. “I robbed aversion to labour, from pride and amother churches, taking wages of them bition, or innate love of contentione, to do you service."
and divisions. The term hireling, has “ July. It was a time of severe per- no reference to the manner in which secution ; and what is lawful might a people may judge it most convennot then be expedient.
ient and proper, whether by contract 4thly. A still stronger reason of- or voluntary contribution, to support Jered itself for waving this claim of the preacher. Were our object monhis rights. He was divinely inspired, ey, and promotion to lucrative emand therefore needed no premedita-ployments, I think I could prove by tion to da his duty. He might conven- facts and experience, that those who iently labour with his own hands, and break over the restraints of ecclesias. yet not want matter for public instruc-tical judicatories, do as well, as to this tion. But the same cannot be said of world's goods, as those who are rest common and ordinary teachers. trained by old habits and local limits.
“The same great Apostle, of whom If we preach for or without a stipular we are speaking, exhorts Timothy“Toted sum, we may deceive ourselves read and meditate, and give himself and others. There was a Judas Iscarwholly to improvements in the knowi-iot carrying a bag devoted to voluntaedge of his profession.” And this can-ry contribution, long before there were not be done without the means. A | any salaries for christian ministers, and omall stock of materials may supply a long before civil rulers, in any way, ,bedeclaiming itinerant, but to be ablecame the nursing fathers of the church for years, to bring from our treasures “ Brethren, you will pardon this di56 things new and old;" adequate gression; I trust most of you look with funds of divine knowledge must be pity on that scurrility which is so often procured by severe application and|poured upon an order of men, who, hard study.
with all their imperfections, have pro“ As to extemporaneous efforts, lived a blessing to inany portions of the think I may safely appeal to my audi- United States. ence, and ask whether the discourses “ Sons of the Pilgrims! Descenof those who neither study nor read, dants of the Puritans ! What think ye are commonly profitable to any peo- of the iron bound soil of your ancesple for a very long time. The truthtors ? Where is property more equalis, that the ordinary ministars of the ly divided ? Where has the poor man christian church, ought faithfully toli more rights of protection secured ?devote their time and talents to the Your hoast is not the alliance of church service of Christ, and hence it becomes and state, but the alliance of churches important, that they be supported by and schools. “The cotter's Saturday their hearers in ordinary cases.
night: The parish bell on Lord's“The epithet of hierling, is often day morning: The civilizing and morapplied very sarcastically to those alizing effects of your institutions. Ole who preach and receive a slipulated degenerate sons of the pilgrims, why sum for their services. This term is pierce ye the breasts that gave you never applied to ministers, but once suck! in the Bible, and that is in the Xth “ Many of the blessings that cluster shapter of John. The definition of around your dwellings and social relaa hierling there is, that “ When he tions, are the living arguments with sees the wolf coming, he flees, and which we would meet our enemies.leaves the sheep, as a dishonest and un- These are our irrefragable proofs, that, principled shepherd, who only regards as an order of men, we are not foes of his wages.” This is applicable to all your temporal or eternal interests. false teachers, let them teach for hire, To humble preachers, and their hearfrom a proselyting spirit of party, from * An exquisite production of Robert B!
ers, God has cast us on your charities. We are not among the number of When we are humbled, and you are those, who wish to see the regular clerbenevolent to us for Jesus' sake; God|gy of this country, enjoying the enoris glorified.” pp 9, 10, 11.
mous salaries of the English establishWe leave it to the candid reader toinent-We had rather they should condetermine, if this passage is not full oftinue to be poor, and indigent, than important and irrefutable truths. To that the sacred profession should offer leave its eloquence out of the account, any inducement, to those, who would who will question the correctness of|| enter it merely for its emoluments.these positions ? Ministers of the gos- | It ought to have no attractions for avpel are entitled to full support, and it arice,-no indulgences for the volupis a fact that in this country, they are tuous. But-while it is guarded on not generally supported with that lib- every side, from the encroachments of erality, which they deserve, which ambition, and the hands of the covetthe Gospel claims for them, and which ous, let it not be degraded by the sufthe interests of religion require. There ferings of those, who enter it, that they are many places, where they are gen- may be instruments of the salvation of erously maintained—but our congrega- a perishing world, and of glory to God tions, at large, are still to be informed in the gospel of his Son. of their duty ;-—they have still to feel The great body of the clergy at this the sacred obligations under which they moment are obliged to resort to their are placed, lo discharge them. The farms, and school-rooms, to obtain the present income which ministers re- means of a comfortable subsistenceceive, will not permit them to be ex-of course they must forsake their studamples of charity. They are frequenties. While their childred are crying ly called upon to solicit aid for the for bread, and they feel the oppression poor, which they cannot give. Most of want, they cannot devote their of them are obliged to leave their fam- minds, to the arduous duties of schoilies in hopeless poverty, and after a lars, and divines. In this way their life of toil to give their widows and congregations are deprived of that inorphans, the wealth of a blessing, and struction, so essential to edification and the legacy of want-But the cries of || steadfastness—The poverty of the fire those who suffer will be heard; the un- side, will be seen at the altar; and necessary pain of good men, will be while the minister wants his “ daily remembered, and must be visited up-bread” from the hands of his people, on those, whose cupidity, or ignorance, his people will want the “bread of or inattention, induces them to with-life” from his. hold liberal support, from their faithful When society shall entertain just Pastors.
sentiments upon this “ unpopular subIt is but just, that the clergy should |ject," and feel their obligations, there have it in their power, to educate their will be a vast change in the situation of children, and leave them such an in-the clergy. They will be more liberheritance, as will assist them to live ally educated. They will be better usefully and comfortably in the world. furnished, and people will be better
-Ministers must be dependant upon instructed from the pulpit. Their litheir salaries.—They usually spend braries will increase, and be studied. all their property, in preparing for their Relieved from the pain of seeing their sacred employment,--they often in-| families destitute, feeling at ease with volve themselves in debt, to acquire an respect to their future support, they education that shall make them soon will apply more closely to their studserviceable and respectable—And is ies, and “give themselves wholly to there not the strongest obligations, on their work.” the part of those who enjoy the fruits Their acquirements and learning are of their toil, and property, to remuner- now bighly respectable,-considering
their small salarios, it is wonderful that I loves the immortal interests of his felthey should be so well furnished. I low men, would choose indigence they were not in habits of laborious with all its sufferings, to wealth with all application, and self denial, and of the its comforts if he must preach to the most rigid economy, they could not walls, -and ask in his sorrow_" who sustain the standing they now enjoy-hath believed our report, and to whom But this does not weaken the obliga-has the arm of the Lord been revealed" tions of those who have the benefit of -He had rather be fed by ravens, and their labours, and if they would have a enjoy the consciousness of “ turnsound and learned ministry they must ing many to righteousness,” than to ensupport them with vastly more liberalty joy papal splendour and feel that all than they do at present-For our part the day long, he has stretched out his we are persuaded that Ministers have hands to a disobedient people"-A not sufficiently explained and enjoined good man can support with fortitude this duty. The fear of reproach, and the privations to which poverty subfalse delicacy have prevented them, jects him, and will count all things loss and they have submitted to poverty, if he can be serviceable to the souls of lest by attempting to avoid it, they men, but no spirit can sustain, no fortishould bring reproach upon the Gos- tude can support that neglect which pel. As a body the clergy in this coun- damps all the ardour of exertion, and try have made it evident, that as it re-crushes enterprize by seeming to ingards their support, they have the spir- sinuate that all effort is unworthy of it of the Apostle, and they can say regard. The whole of the passage in with him,- Brethren we seek not yours which Dr. B. considers this subject is but you."
worthy of a serious perusal, we are Let it not, however, be supposed, sorry that we cannot give it. that we consider“kind personal treat Our Author declares under the 4th ment,” and" liberal support,” the sum head. " That we cannot receire a of our duties, as it respects the minis- minister aright, unless we offer up ters of the gospel. These are necessa- much fervent prayer for him that he ry as means to promote the grand ob- may be successful in his work.” ject of the ministry of reconciliation. We give the concluding sentence : As such they are enjoined--as such -- Under God, the fidelity and success they are indispensable.-But if they of a minister depends much on the are not followed with other duties they prayers of the people. This circumare vain! Dr. Backus in his 3d divis- stance usually decides the great quesion considers,
tion,whether he proves a savour of life “ That to receive a minister of Christ or death unto those who attend on his we must diligently attend on the ordi- ministrations." nances dispensed by him. We must The last pages of the sermon are desubmit to him as Christ's Ambassa- voted to considering some of the dor in all his warning and reproofs." encouraging motives, which urge us
Some men imagine that if they treat to receive a faithful minister; to revertheir Minister with respect and supportence and support him :-to hear him; him generously, that they have done and to pray for him-We regret that all their duty—They feel themselves we cannot give copious extracts from at perfect liberty to attend on his min- this part of the sermon, which is animistry or not.
ated, eloquent and excellent throughThe most trifing excuse, the slight-out-We refer the reader to the disest disinclination, prevents them from course itself-and we can promise thate attending his administration-But a he will be gratified with its perusal. minister, who is zealously engaged in Dr. Backus' style is pervous, comhis great work, had rather be destitute cise, and generally correct. of support than of hearers. He whol were able to suggest improvements it
VOL. 2 D d
might be imurodest to attempt it. Welin my extensive and laborious official will only say that a man who writes s0|| engagements; and the unceasing care well may easily write belter—this ser-|| I have been obliged to exercise in ormon might be more highly polishedder to accomplish their many importwithout wasting its energy. The sun is || ant duties, has not seldom awakened always most hot, when most bright-in me the painful reflection, that but There is something like carelessness, a small portion of my time had been in the ehoice of words, which ought to alike laboriously devoted to advancbe avoided However, these are“ buting the cause of religion. But now, spots in the sun.” The sermon is truly although in the autumn of life, a graexcelenta production which allcious Providence has been pleased to must admire, but which few, very few open to me a new field, and se favorcan equal.
ed me with an opportunity of correct
ing my past neglect; placing me, Extracts of Important Communications late through its kind guidance, within this
ly received by the Committee of the British not only more exalted, but also more and Foreign Bible Society.
peaceful sphere of action; in order The Speech of His Excellency Baron that I may do my part in furthering
Rwenblad, one of the Lords of the and supporting the important objects Kingdom of Sreden, Minister of of this Society. To do so is my resoState, Knight and Commander lution ; nay, the very desire of my Grand Cross of all his Majesty's heart but I feel my own incapacity Orders, Sc. fc. &c.—when he took for such a solemn work, and rest all my the (Chair as President of the Evan- ; hopes of success upon assistance from gelical Society, in the Committee, our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ which met at Stockholm, on the 5th of 1-yes, upon him alone, who has assurOctober, 1813.
ed us, that he will not quench the Gentlemen,
smallest spark of grace: and truly we Wita sentiments of the sincerest | may all encourage ourselves in the gratitude, I now undertake the confi- certainty of his Almighty aid, if we foldential office with wbich your choice: low the light of his Holy Spirit, and has honored me. I am an are of my, have a single eye and a firm purpose deficit ncies; and they could not fail to ! to promote his glory, and to commuoccasion me great anxiety, even so as nicate to our fellowmen a knowledge to make me very doubtful whether I of salvation by faith in His atonement. ought to accept this place among you,
We have outlived the awfal period when I consider that I succeed that when the doctrine of the Atonement of venerable and revered character, Christ was shrouded in darkness. whose great age has induced him to Mournful was the lot of those who conwithdraw from a Presidency which he fessed His name. For almost an en has held from the cominencement of tire century, did infidelity, with unthis Society, and which, under the blushing front, deride the revealed blessing and favor of Almighty God, Will of God, and either openly or se. he has filled, with great advantage to 'cretly undermine the sacred foundathe diffusion of Gospel Light, as well tions of the Gospel doctrine. The deas with much satisfaction to all the leterious poison, having worked its Members of the Institution.
way among what are called the most But, Gentlemen, I have considered enlightened nations of Europe, and es your call as the finger of Providence, tablished its influence in their higher poiuted by that unerring Hand, which, circles, soon spread abroad among the unseen, directs the conduct of mortals, | mass of the people; and rolled on in and always with a view to lead fearful torrents of iniquity,carrying with them nearer to himself. The princi-l it a sweeping destruction wherever it pal part of my life has been occupied went-We have truly the most abun.
dant cause for thankfulness to a gracious, And we, among others, cannot help God, for having preserved our native being exceedingly thankful to God, land from such scenes of desolation that what is called the “New PhilosoWe dare not, however, deny, that; phy,” begins to be treated with con even among us were found an increas-tempt in our native land, and the minds ed indifference to the word of God;1 of men have taken a favorable turn toand, with many, a bold contempt of wards better things. it. Not a few were ashamed to con Under the protection of a Governfess the name of Jesus; and have we ment affectionately attentive to the not ourselves had to endure long dis-l preaching of the pure Gospel of Christ, courses upon religion, in the course of measures are now actively adopted which we hardly heard that blessed for improving both the character of name mentioned, before which, how-| preaching and the mode of education; ever, every knee shall bow," whether and we have often the happiness to it be upon earth or under the earth ?" | find, that the best gifts of eloquence But the promises of God are fulfilling : |are no longer wasted upon dry moral for“heaven and earth shall pass away,|| portraits, but suitably exerted to honor but my Words shall not pass away." ||the Giver, by ascribing glory to the -(Luke xxi. 33. And“ Upon this name of Jesus and his atonement. rock will I build my Church, and the Gentlemen, you are reaping the gates of hell shall not prevail against comfort of that delightful reflection, her." Gospel light is dawning again that from the first moment which gave on those nations where the shadow of existence to your Society, you have death sat almost enthroned, and barri-| been co-workers with Him who alone ers are raising against“ the abomina- || can bless the works of our hænds, and tion of desolation."
the meditations of our heart. You In a certain country, most powerful have sent forth among high and low, because of its veneration for religion, thousands and ten thousands of instrucand consequently for the laws; where, tive Religious Tracts; but what is inas a result, the welfare of the public finitely better the Holy Sciptures, that and individuals rests on the surest||fountain of all true light, which shews foundation; a Society was established us the way to everlasting salvation. We and in times too, while the whirlwinds know that these precious donations of desolation were yet laying waste have brought forth much fruit, and the earth; the aim and glorious ob been received with gratitude throughject of this Society embrace a distribu- out the land; which cannot but be very tion of God's Holy Word and Gospel pleasing tidings to you, and afford you Light through the whole habitable a mighty encouragement to persevere globe. That revered Society, which in well-doing. has also held forth its friendly and ge Eternal Saviour of the world! nerous hand to our Swedish Evangel- strengthen and support the desire thyical Institution, has found in its zeal self hast graciously awakened in this and liberality a success which so ut- Society : that all the members of it terly exceeds the power of all human may work as one man : and, with full effort, as evidently to proclaim-That purpose of heart, spread abroad that the finger of God is in it:–His guar- heavenly knowledge, which records dian care is therein distinctly unveiled. thy atonement, thy suffering, and thy
Warmed and roused from their in- death. Grant success and thy richest difference by what they have experi- blessing to all we shall do towards enced of the horrible effects of infidel promoting this great end. We place ity, several other nations have also all our reliance on Thee ;: and rest bestirred themselves, and followed our hope of a gracinu: answer to our the glorious path struck out by the supplications, upou that wonderful beforementioned honored Society ---Jove whiclı brought Thee into the