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appear in the public papers. Snch have enjoyed the smiles of divine e, publications in news papers and other providence. Every united and perse

periodical works are useful, not only vering effort has been crowned with il to disseminate information, but to ex-such success, as demonstrates difficulel cite and cherish a general interest inties to be much less formidable, than

the subject. It may be added, that had been supposed, and affords the

many serious persons, and especially| most ample epcouragement to general U the whole presbyterian interest, in the exertion and perseverance. Let past W middle and southern states, are feel success stimulate to continued exer

ingly alive to the importance of the tion and perseverance, and not be abuSabbath, and exerting themselves to sed to encourage remissness. It must restrain its profanation. Can so much not be concealed, that the evil, howlabor in so good a cause be fruitless ? | ever checked, is not eradicated; and

Can the prayers of so many Christians what still remains will, if tolerated, be 1 be in vain ?

a constant root of bitterness. All onOf the importance of the christian necessary travel and business on the Sabbath nothing need here be said.-Lord's day, must be restrained, or past At no period for many years has its exertions will be lost. Those, who at

importance been so generally and first yielded to the voice of remon- deeply impressed on the minds of se strance, will not be contented under re

rious persons. It will be readily ad straints, to which bolder transgressors mitted, that on the preservation of the are not subjected, If any continue to viSabbath depends the preservation of olate the law with impunity,the idea of the public institutions of religion; and its insufficiency, which had so long prethat religious institutions will be neg-vailed and palsied exertion will be re-eslected, in proportion as the Sabbath is tablished., and the evil will become still disregarded. Nor can it be doubted more inveterate. Reformation must that impressions made by a religious be completed, or abandoned. The observation of the Lord's day, are question of Sabbath or no Sabbath may more effectual in restraining vice and within a few months be settled, for enforcing moral duties, than civil laws. this and coming generations. Let Let our Sabbaths and religions insti- every serious inind reflect on the intutions be lost, and what becomes of||fluences, and responsibility, which ke the sanction of an oath ?-whæt depen-may have in the decisioạ. dance can be placed on decisions in What then is to be done? This pubcourts of justice?-what will be the lication is designed to point out a plain Value of our civil institutions? All and safe path in which the friends of the the dreadful consequences here sug- Sabbath may proceed with confidence, gested may not immediately follow ;--- to the attainmeņt of their object. Let but the next generation will assuredly those in every tosyn, who are disposed feel them. And has not the Sabbath, to encourage the execution of the laws, in many parts of our country, been assemble, either in town meetings or well nigh lost? Has not the effect voluntary conventions, as circumstanbeen visible, in a growing neglect ofces may dictate, and choose large and the sanctuary, and in the increase and respectable committees to go forward boldness of infidelity and vice ? Must || and direct in the business. Such com: we not apprehend, that for these thingsmittees will feel a responsibility, a the judgments of God are on our confidence of support, and an energy, Jand?

which they would not feel in their inThese considerations have roused dividual capacity. These feelings the friends of religion to exertion will be increased by frequent meetings They have in this Commonwealth ac. for consultation. The more serious ted under the express approbation and persons look at this object, converse exicouragement of the Legislature, and ! upon it, and consider its influence on

Directions to Tilhingmen, and others, to the demands of the Tithingman.

how to prevent unnecessary travel. For the first mentioned offence, he ling on the Lord's day.

may be fined, by the Justice of the 1. Have complaints, and warrants Peace : for the last mentioned offence, prepared, (except adding names, and viz. not giving true answers to the deplaces of abode,) previous to the mands of the Tithingman, he may be Lord's Day.

bound over to Court ; and be prosecu2. Let a Magistrate, and an officer ted by presentment of the Grand Jube near at hand, on the Lord's Day, ry, before the Circuit Court of Com. so that should it be necessary, a com mon Pleas. plaint may be entered, and a warrant 5. If the offender have escaped out issued, and executed, without delay. of the County, let the Tithinginan give

3. Let the Tithingman examine all information to the Grand Jury of the persons, whom he shall have good | Circuit Court of Common Pleas. cause to suspect of unnecessarily trav 6. Any citizen may prosecute for elling on the Lord's Day ; demand of unressary travelling on the Lord's Day, them the reason of their travelling; and under the same advantages as a Tith. also their names, and places of abode.ingman, except in case where the If the reason be not satisfactory, and complainant is entitled to a part of the there be danger of the traveller's es- fine, he cannot himself be a witness : cape, let a complaint be immediately but to obviate this difficulty, let some entered, before a Justice of the Peace other person enter the complaint, and in the County wherein the offence may the citizen aforesaid be cited as a witbe committed, a warrant immediately ness. issued, and executed, and the travel It may be added, that refusing to ler kept in the custody of the oflicer, answer the enquiries of any person till he can have his trial. If there be not a Titningman, is not a legal ofno danger of the travolter's escape, it fence. will be proper to delay entering the Note. No Tithingman should receive complaint, till after the Lord's Day. a fine of offenders, even if offered.

4. Should a traveller refuse to give the Tithingman his name, he inay be

ADDRESS TO THE PUBLIC. prosecuted under any name; and General accounts are continually rewhen le proves that he has been mis-ceived, of the extension of exertions nained, let his true name, by consent to prevent violations of the Sabbath of both parties, he inserted.

in various parts of this Commonwealth If the traveller will not consent to and of New-Hampshire. In Connectthis amendment, the warrant must be icut exertion has already become uniquashed ; but before he is discharged a versal; and wherever made, is sucnew warrant, containing his true namecessful. About ninety persons were may be issued, and executed. There present at a convention at Worcester, need be no embarrassment in making on the 19th of October; and it was reout, or swearing to a complaint with solved, among other things, to form a supposed name, as the name is, in a themselves into a society for the sup. legal view, an unessential circum-pression of vice in general, and parstance. The Justice may explais, orticularly of profanity, inlemperance, in administering the vath, qualify it and the profanation of the Lord's Day. with words like these, though you Minor societies are to be formed in are uncertain with respect to the true each town, which are in future to send name of the offender."

delegates to the general society.In this case, the traveller is guilty of This is only a sketch, communicated two distinct offences, viz. of unneces- by an individual from memory. A sary travelling on the Lord's Day, and more particular account of this and also of refusing to give true answers, il other conventions will probably soon

appear in the public papers. Such have enjoyed the smiles of divine publications in newe-papers and other providence. Every united and perseperiodical works are useful, not only vering effort has been crowned with to disseminate information, but to ex- such success, as demonstrates difficulcite and cherish a general interest inties to be much less formidable, than the subject. It may be added, that had been supposed, and affords the many serious persons, and especially most ample encouragement to general the whole presbyterian interest, in the exertion and perseverance. Let past middle and southern states, are feel- || success stimulate to continued exeringly alive to the importance of the tion and perseverance, and not be abuSabbath, and exerting themselves to sed to encourage remissness. It must restrain its profanation. Can so much not be concealed, that the evil, howJabor in so good a cause be fruitless ? || ever checked, is not eradicated; and Can the prayers of so many Christians what still remains will, if tolerated, be be in vain?

a constant root of bitterness. All unOf the importance of the christian necessary travel and business on the Sabbath nothing need here be said. Lord's day, must be restrained, or past At no period for many years has its exertions will be lost. Those, who at importance been so generally and first yielded to the voice of remondeeply impressed on the minds of se strance, will not be contented under rerious persons. It will be readily ad-straints, to which bolder transgressors mitted, that on the preservation of the are not subjected, If any continue to viSabbath depends the preservation of olate the law with impunity, the idea of the public institutions of religion; and its insufficiency, which had so long prethat religious institutions will be neg-/vailed and palsiedexertion will be re-eslected, in proportion as the Sabbath is|tablished, and the evil will become still disregarded. Nor can it be doubted more inveterate. Reformation must that impressions made by a religious be completed, or abandoned. The observation of the Lord's day, are question of Sabbath or no Sabbath may more effectual in restraining vice and within a few months be settled, for enforcing moral duties, than civil laws. this and coming generations. Let Let our Sabbaths and religious insti- every serious inind reflect on the intutions be lost, and what becomes offluences, and responsibility, which ke the sanction of an oath ?--whæt depen- may have in the decision. dance can be placed on decisions in What then is to be done ? This pubcourts of justice ?—what will be the lication is designed to point out a plain value of our civil institutions ? All and safe path in which the friends of the the dreadful consequences here sug- Sabbath may proceed with confidence, gested may not immediately follow ;--- to the attainment of their object. Leč hat the next generation will assuredly those in every tosyn, who are disposed feel them. And has not the Sabbath, to encourage the execution of the laws, in many parts of our country, been assemble, either in town meetings or well nigh lost? Has not the effect voluntary conventions, as circumstanbeen visible, in a growing neglect of ces may dictate, and choose large and the sanctuary, and in the ipcrease and cespectable committees to go forward boldness of infidelity and vice? Must and direct in the business. Such com: we not apprehend, that for these things mittees will feel a responsibility, a the judgments of God are on our confidence of support, and an energy, land?

which they would not feel in their inThese considerations have roused dividual capacity. These feelings the friends of religion to exertion will be increased by frequent meetivgs They have in this Commonwealth ac. for consultation. The more serious ted under the express approbation and persons look at this object, converse encouragement of the Legislature, and! upon it, and consider its influence on

the happiness of society, and on the and permanent effect could be expectchurch of the Redeemer, the more sed. Although the measures there rewill they be impressed with its in- commended will at first require volunportance, and the more heartily and tary sacrifices of time on the Lord's prayerfully will they pursue it. As Day, painful exertions in prosecuting iron-sharpeneth iron, so a man sharp- offenders, and in some instances exeneth the countenance of his friend.traordinary expense in detecting them, For the same reasons, frequent meet-does not the evil to be remedied re. ings of larger bodies, formed by dele-quire such sacrifices, and the object to gations from several towns, epistolary be attained deserve them ? especially correspondencies, and publications on when it is considered that they will the subject, are recommended as high- be necessary only for a short sealy useful and important.

son ? By such measures, the most reIt appears, from the directions to solute offenders may not only be punTithingmen, and others, engaged in ished, but, when there is danger of suppressing violations of the Sabbath, their escape, be immediately secured. now published, that members of com- | The penalties are such as will not be mittees, and in fact all individuals, incurred, when it is once well underwho engage in this business, can act || stood that there is no hope of escawith nearly the same advantages asping them, and when it is considered Tithingmen. This is an important that the penalty of 16 dollars 66 cents consideration, as in some places a suf-| for refusing to answer a Tithingman, ficient number of Tithingmen have or for answering him falsely, is disnot been chosen and qualified, and tinct from that for travelling on the the defect cannot be legally remedied | Sabbath, and may be recovered in before March. Committees must, | addition to it, and that both these petherefore, in the inean time, act in nalties may be recovered in every their stead....and if in any towns there town, and as often as the offences are should be a majority of legal voters repeated. Such is the efficiency of unwilling to interest themselves in fa- the law! Is it not adequate to the purvor of the law, and a sufficient num-l pose for which it was made ? Is not ber of suitable Tithingmen cannot be such energy, as shall at once remove chosen, it must be remembered, that| temptations to violate it, by destroying the laws of the commonwealth are the hope of escaping punishment, and not to be controlled by the enemies of|| so prevent the necessity of future proorder and religion in any district where | secutions, the greatest benevolence ! they happen to be a majority. Every Obstinate transgressors may in some individual, who is conscientiously act. instances be reformed and saved, by ing in support of the laws of his God such a course. Those who, from ha

nd his country, is under the protec- bitually doing business on high roads tion and will have the support of his | and canals on the Sabbath, have encountry and his GOD. May none, tirely neglected religious institutions, whatever opposition they may en- may, when restrained, be induced, for counter, be backward or weary in want of other employment, or from well doing; for in due season they mere curiosity, to attend the instrucshall reap, if they faint not.

tions of the sanctuary. And who can An attentive view of the subject, as- tell but they may in some instances, sisted by considerable experience, like Zaccheus, receive salutary and dictated the energetic measures which lasting impressions ? It is also well appear in the report and resolutions | known that many persons travel on the unanimously adopted by the Conven-||Sabbath against the conviction of their tion at Concord. They were satisfied own minds, being unable to resist the that without exertions as vigorous as temptation to a gainful practice, which he law contemplates, no adequate others indulge, and to yield an advan

tage to their less scrupulous rivals.- || paid by the state. But if complaints Such would rejoice to see the law im-are made with prudence, and only in

partially executed, and would regular- cases where travelling or labor on the * ly attend public worship and instruc-Sabbath are clearly unjustifiable, or i tion. Besides these effects on trans- | where offences are attended by aggra

gressors, the influence of example, es- vated circumstances, there is no dan. pecially on the rising generation,would ger of the failure of prosecutions. No be incalculable. The solemn stillness instances of a failure in any case has of a well observed Sabbath, would come to our knowledge. powerfully promote its right improve Let, then, Tithingmen and commit

ment. These effects cannot be ex- ||tees use decision and energy, together #pected without a faithful execution of with prudence and benevolence; let i the laws.

a number of persons in every town a But what are laws without public gree to be answerable for

any extraor1 opinion in their favor, and energy to dinary expense which may be incurred

execute them? By our laws, duelling in prudent exertions to secure such is murder; but because in that class offenders as might otherwise escape; of society where the crime is practi- || and let the other measures recomsed, there is not virtue sufficient to mended and pointed oụt in this pamprosecute offenders, the punishment phlet be generally pursued; and the has never been inflicted; though our effect will be certain. It is the cause land has long been stained with blood. of God; and when has He, after exciThe same neglect has, till lately, pre- ting his servants to pray, consult tovented any good effect from the laws gether, and labor to promote reforma-, for the due observance of the Lord'stion, suffered the work to languish and Day. Should society grow equally die in their hands? Without stopping careless of their pecuniary interests, to consider scripture examples, let us the case would be the same with res- fook at moral, missionary and Bible pect to forgery, theft and perjury. No societies ! How glorious, how surpas." law will be executed in a free coun- sing all human calculation, has been try,unless public opinion and public en- | their success! Is it then credible, that ergy be in its favor. Nor can the par-| at such a time as the present, when tial and timid execution of a penal | all nations are shaken, when the prolaw answer the purpose. Who would vidence of God is so manifest and so dream of restraining injustice, by pun wonderful,when the signs of the times, ishing a few unresisting offenders, though in a political view so dark, are, whilst villains of more resolute cha- in a moral view, so animating-is it racter, who should set the law at de-credible that this work of reformation fiance, were suffered to escape ? The will fail ? comparison will apply in all its force Reader, what wilt thou do? Wilt to the subject now before us. So ab- thou not be a worker together with solute is the necessity of decision and God and his servants in such a cause ? energy.

But

many who wish well to Will any stand neuter, or leave the the cause of reformation, are timid. labor to others ? Let them consider Dread of legal contentions, which is the words of Christ,“ he that is not highly commendable in civil affairs, || with me, is against me; and he that prevents them from entering com-gathereth not with me, scattereth aplaints. To such, however, it may be broad." observed, that the case is different in If, in the mysterious providence of criminal prosecutions. Persons who, God, the tide of iniquity is destined from a single regard to public peace still to prerail and increase ; and this and order, complain of offenders, in-nation must, for its iniquities, be desocur no risk and no expense. Even taied by the judgments of heaven.... should the prosecution fail, costs are the friends of order and religion may

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