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as,

thou lovest, he loreth. Plural, we love, ye love, they love.

55. The first person speaks of himself: as, " I John take theě Elizabeth."

56. The second person has the speech di. rected to him, and is supposed to be present:

thou Harry art a wicked fellow.” 57. The third person is spoken of, or described, and supposed to be absent: as, “ thut Thomas is a good man.'

58. The verb itself has but two terminations respecting time: as, love, and loveil'; which last may be called the iuflection of the preter or påst tense: and when this inflection of the preter tense is formed by adding d, or ed, to the first person present tense, the verb is regular, and is declined after the following examples.

INDICATIVE MODE.

PRESENT TENSE. 59. SING.

PLURAL 1. I love or do love 1. We love or do love 2. Thou lovest or dost love 2. Ye or you love or do 3. He loveth or loves, or loye doth or does love 3. They love or do love

IMPERFECT TENSE. 60. SING.

PLURAL. 1. I loved or did love 1. We loved or did lave 2. Thou lovedst or didst love2. Ye loved or did love 3. He loved or did love 3. They loved or did love

PERFECT TENSE. 61. SING.

PLURAL 1. I have loved

1. We have loved 2. Thou hast loved 2. Ye have loved 3. Jie hath or has loved 3. They have loved

PLUPERFECT TENSE. 62. SING.

PLURAL. 1. I had loved

1. We had loved 2. Thou hadst loved 2. Ye had loved 3. He had loved

3. They had loved

FUTURE TENSE,

63. SING.

PLURAL, 1. I shall or will love 1. We shall or will love 2. Thou shalt or wilt love 2. Ve shall or will love 3. He shall or will love 3. They shall or will love

64. Some verbs in this mode will admịt of a second future, especiaļly such as signify the completing of any thing: as, I shall or will have finished it to-morrow,

IMPERATIVE MODE,

PLURAL,

65. SING. 1, Love

1. Love 2. Do thou love, or love thou 2. Do ye love, or love yß

NOTE 65. Let, commonly called a sign of the imperative mode, is properly a verb in that mode; as in the example, let him love, the meaning is permit, or suffer him to love : let, therefore, seems to be a verb of the inperative, and love of the infinitive mode; the sign, to, being understood, though not expressed.

POTENTIAL MODE,

PRESENT TENSE. 66. SING.

PLURAL. 1. I must, may, can,

1. We must, may, car, would, could, or should would, could, or should love

love 2. Thou must, mayest, 2. Ye musí; may, can, canst, wouldest, couldest, would, could, or should or shouldest love

love 3. He must, may, can, 3. They must, may, can; would, coul, or should would, could, or should Jove

love

PERFECT TENSE.

67. SING.

PLURAL. 1. I must, might, would, 1. We must might,would, could, or should have loved could, or should have loved

2. Thou must, mightest, 2. Ye must,miglit,would, wouldest, couldest, or could, or should have shouldest bave loved loved * 3. He must,might,would, 3. They must, might, could, or should have would, could, or should loved

have loved

68. The pluperfect tense, in this mode, is best expressed by the perfect: as, I might hure loved her before the time you mention.

69. The future tense of most verbs, in this mode, is best expressed by the present: as, I may lore to-morrow.

70. There is a subjunctive* or conditiona) form, which drops the personal terminations in certain tenses of this mode: as, though thou lore, though he love.

* From sub, under, and jungo, to joio.

INFINITIVE MODE. 71. Present tense, to love; perfect, to have Loved; future, about to love,

72. When the termination of the preter tense is not formed by adding d, or ed, to the first . person of the present tense singular, the verb may be called irregular; but that irregularity being discovered, and observed in the preter tenses, the verb is declined in all other respects, as the regular verb aforegoing.

THE DECLENSION OF THE NEUTER VERB

TO BE.

INDICATIVE MODE.

PRESENT TENSE. 73, SING.

PLURAL 1. I am

1. We are 2. Thou art

2. Ye or you are 3. He is

3. They are IMPERFECT TENSE, 74. SING.

PLURAL 1. I was

1. We were 2. Thou wast, or you

2. Ye were mere 3. He was

3. They were

PERFECT TENSE.

75. SING. 1. I have been 2. Thou hast been 3. He hath or has been

PLURAL. 1. We have been 2. Ye have been 3. They have been

[blocks in formation]

79. SING.

PLURAL. Be, do thou be, or be Be, do ye be, or be ye thou

POTENTIAL MODE,

PRESENT TENSE.

80. SING.

PLURAL. 1. I must, may, can,

1. We must, may, can, would, rould, or should would, could, or should te

be 2. Thou must, mayest, 2. Ye or you must, may, canst, wouldest, couldest, can, would, could, or or shouldest be

should be 3. He must, may, can, 3. They must, may; can, would, could, or should would, could, or should be

be

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