Imágenes de páginas

Despair, that aconite does prove

must be partakers of a divine nature, in order And certain death to others' love,

to partake of this high privilege and alliance. That poison never yet withstood,

Atterburg. Does nourish mine, and turns to blood. Granv. 2. Familiar knowledge, simply without a A'CORN. n. s. (æcorn, Sax. from ac, an preposition. oak, and corn, corn or grain; that is,

Brave soldier, pardon me, the grain or fruit of the oak.] The seed That any accent breaking from my tongue or fruit born by the oak.

Should 'scape the true acquaintance of mine ear. Errours, such as are but acorns in our younger

Sbakspeare. brows, grox oaks in our older heads, and become This keeps the understanding long in converse intexible.


with an object, and long converse brings ac. Content with food which nature freely bred, quaintance.

South. On wildings and on strawberries they fed ;

In what manner he lived with those who were Cornels and bramble-berries gave the rest,

of his neighbourhood and acquaintance, how And falfing asorns furnish'd out a feast. Dryd,

obliging his carriage was to them, what kind He that is nourished by the acorns he picked

offices he did, and was always ready to do them, up under an oak, or the apples he gathered from

I forbear particularly to say. Atterburg. the trees in the wood, has certainly appropriated 3. A slight or initial knowledge, short of them to himself.

Locke. friendship, as applied to persons. A'CORNED. adj. (from acorn.] Stored I hope I am pretty near seeing you; and with acorns.

therefore I would cultivate an acquaintance; beLike a full acorn'd boar.


cause if you do not know me when we nieet, ACOUSTICKS. n. s, [axw5ixes, of exów, to

you need only keep one of my letters, and comhear.]

pare it with my face; for my face and letters are counterparts of my heart.

Sreift to Popes 1. The doctrine or theory of sounds.

A long noviciate of acquaintance should pre2. Medicines to help the hearing. Quincy. cede the vows of friendship. Bolingbroes To ACQUAINT. v. a. [accointer, Fr.] 4. The person with whom we are ac1. To make familiar with: applied either quainted; him of whom we have some

to persons or things. It has with before. knowledge, without the intimacy of the object.

friendship. In this sense the plural is, We that acquaint ourselves with ev'ry zone, in some authors, acquaintance, in others And pass the tropicks, and behold each pole,

acquaintances. When we come home, are to ourselves un

But she, all vow'd unto the red-cross knigus, known,

His wand'ring peril closely did lainent, And unacquainted still with our own soul.

Ne in this new acquaintance could delight, Davies.

But her dear heart with anguish did torinent. There with thee, new welcome saint,

Fairy Queena Like fortunes may her soul acquaint.


That young men travel under some tutor, ? Before a man can speak on any subject, it is allow well, so that he be such a one that may be necessary to be acquainted with it. Locke on Ed.

able to tell them, what acquaintances they are to Arquaint yourselves with things ancient and

seek, what exercises or discipline the place yieldmodern, natural, civil, and religious, domestic


Buron, and rational; things of your own and foreign This, my lord, has justly acquired you as many countries : and, above all, be well acquainted

friends, as there are persons who have the ho witb God and yourselves; learn animal nature,

nour to be known to you; mere acquaintante and the workings of your own spirics. Watts.

you have none, you have drawn them all into a .. To inform. With is more in use before

nearer line; and they who have conversed witia the object than of.

you, are for ever after inviolably yours. Dryd. But for some other reasons, my grave sis, We see he is ashamed of bis nearest acquaintWhich is not fit you know, I not acquaint

Buyle against Bentley. My father of this business. Shakspeare. ACQUAINTED. adj. [from acquaint.] Fa.

A friend in the country acquaints me, that miliar; well known; not new.
two or three men of the town are got among
them, and have brought words and phrases,

Now call we our high court of parliament; which were never before in those parts. "Terler.

That war or peace, or both at once, may be

Sbal. ACQUA’INTANCE. N. s. (accointance, Fr.]

As things acquainted and familiar to us. 1. The state of being acquainted with ;

ACQUE'st. n. s. [acquest, Fr. from acfamiliarity; knowledge. It is applied

querir ; written by some acquist, with a

view to the word acquire, or acquisita.) as well to persons as things, with the

Attainment; acquisition; the thing particle witb. Nos was his acquaintance less with the famous

gained. poets of his age, than with the noblernen and

New acquests are more burden than strength Ladies. Dryden.

Bacoma Our admiration of a famous man lessens upon

Mud reposed near the ostea of rivers, makes Sur aearer acquaintance with him; and we seldom

continual additions to the land, thereby exclude hear of a celebrated person, without a catalogue

ing the sea, and preserving these shells as trosome notorious weaknesses and infirmities. phies and signs of its new acquests and encroache


Woodwarda Would we be admitted into an acquaintance To ACQUIE'SCE. v. ni [acquiescer, Fr. witb God, let us study to resemble him. We acquiescere, Lat.] To rest in, or remain

satisfied with, without opposition or Acqui'RED. particip. adj. (from acquire.] discontent. It has in before the object. Gained by one's self, in opposition to

Others will, upon account of the receivedness those things which are bestowed by naof the proposed opinion, think it rather worthy

ture. to be examined than acquiesced in. Boyle.

We are seldom at ease, and free enough from Neither a bare approbation of, nor a mere

the solicitation of our natural or adopted desires; wishing, nor unactive complacency in; nor,

but a constant succession of uneasinesses, out of lastly, a natural inclination to things virtuous

that stock which natural wants, or acquired haand good, can pass before God for a man's will.

bits, have heaped up, take the will in their turns. ing of such things; and consequently, if men,

Locke. upon this account, will needs cake up and acqui- Acquirement. n. s. [from acquire.] esce in an airy ungrounded persuasion, that they will those things which really they not will, they

That which is acquired; gain ; attain. fall thereby into a gross and fatal delusion. South. ment. The word may be properly

He hath employed his transcendent wisdom used in opposition to the gifts of nature. and power, that by these he might make way for These his acquirements, by industry, were er his benignity, as the end wherein they ultimately ceedingly both enriched and enlarged by many acquiesce.

Greve. excellent endowments of nature. Hayward ACQUIE'SCENCE. n. s. [from acquiesce.) By a content and acquiescence in every species I. A silent appearance of content, dis of truth, we embrace the shadow thereof; or so tinguished on one side from avowed much as may palliate its just and substantial ac


Brown's Vulgar Errours. consent, on the other from opposition.

It is very difficult to lay down rules for the Neither from any of the nobility, nor of the

acquirement of a taste. The faculty must, in clergy, who were thought most averse from it,

soine degree, be born with us.

Addison there appeared any sign of contradiction to that; ACQUIREKn. s. [from acquire.] The Lut an entire acquiescence in all the bishops thought fit to do.

Clarendon. person that acquires; a gainer. 2. Satisfaction ; rest ; content.

ACQUISITION. 1. s. (acquisitio, Lat.] Many indeed have given over their pursuits 1. The act of acquiring or gaining: after fame, either from disappointment, or from Each man has but a limited right to the good experience of the little pleasure which attends it, things of the world ; and the natural allowed or the better informations or natural coldness of way, by which he is to compass the possession of old age; bus seldom from a full satisfaction and these things, is by his own industrious acquisition acquiescence, in their present enjoyments of it. of them,

Souib. Addison. 2. The thing gained ; acquirement. 3. Submission; confidence.

Great sir, all acquisition The greatest part of the world take up their Of glory, as of empire, here I lay before persuasions concerning good and evil, by an im Your royal feet.

Denham's Sopby. plicit faith, and a full acquiescence, in the word of A state can never arrive to its period in a more those, who shall represent things to them under deplorable crisis, than when some prince lies hothese characters.

Soutb. vering like a vulture to dismember its dying carACQUI'R ABLE. adj. [from acquire.] That

case; by which means it becomes only an acqua may be acquired or obtained; attainable.

sition to some mighty monarchy, without hores Those rational instincts, the connate principles

of a resurrection.

Serifi. engraven in the human soul, though they are

Acquisitive. adj. (acquisitivus, Lai.] truths acquirable and deducible by rational con That is acquired or gained. sequence and argumentation, yet seem to be in He died not in his acquisitive but in his native scribed in the very crasis and texture of the soul, soil; nature herself, as it were, claiming a final antecedent to any acquisition by industry, or the interest in his body, when fortune had done with exercise of the discursive faculty, in man.

him, Hale's Origin of Mankind. Acqui'st. n. s. (See ACQUEST.] AcIf the powers of cogitation, and volition, and

quirement; attainment; gain. Not in sensation, are neither inherent in matter as such, nor acquirable to matter by any mocion or modi

His servant he, with new acquist fication of it; it necessarily follows, that they

Of true experience from this great event, proceed from some cogitative substance, some Incorporeal inhabitant within us, which we call To ACQUI’T. v. a. Lacquitter, Fr. Sec

With peace and consolation hath dismist. Mitt. spirit and soul. To ACQUIRE. v. a. [acquerir, Fr. ac


I. To set free. quiro, Lat.)

Ne do I wish (for wishing were but vain) J. To gain by one's own labour or power;

To be acquit from my continual smart; to obtain what is not received from na.

But joy her thrall for ever to remain, ture, or transmitted by inheritance.

And yield for pledge my poor captived heart. Better to leave undone, than by our deed

Spenser Acquire too high a fame, while he, we serve, 2. To clear from a charge of guilt; to ab. 's away Sbakspeare's Ant. and Cleop.

solve: opposed to condemn, either simply 2. To come to; to attain. Motion cannot be perceived without the per

with an accusative, as, the jury acquitted cepcion of its terms, viz. the parts of space

him, or with the particles from, or of which it immediately left, and those which it which is more common, briore this next aequiren

Glanvilli's Scepsis. crime

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Il sin, then thou markest me, and thou wilt ACRIMO'Nious, adj. Abounding with not acquit me from mine iniquity. Job.

acrimony; sharp; corrosive. By the suffrage of the most and best he is ale

If gall cannot be rendered acrimoniows, and ready acquitted, and, by the sentence of some, bitter of itself, then whatever acrimony or amacondemned.


ritude redounds in it, must be from the admixHe that judges, without informing himself to she utmost that he is capable, cannot acquit him- ACRIMONY. n.'s. [acrimonia, Lat.]

ture of melancholy. Harvey on Consumptions. self of judging amiss.

Locke. Neither do I reflect upon the memory of his

1. Sharpness ; corrosiveness. majesty, whom I entirely acquit of any imput

There be plants that have a milk in them ation.


when they are cut; as figs, old lettuce, sow3. To clear from any obligation.

thistles, spurge. The cause may be an inception Steady to my principles, and not dispirited with of putrefaction: for those milks have all an acrimy afflictions, I have, by the blessing of God on

mony, though one would think they should be lenitive.

Bacon's Natural History, my endeavours, overcome all difficulties; and, in

The chymists define salt, from some of its some measure, acquitted myself of the debt which I owed the publick, when I undertook this work.

properties, to be a body fusible in the fire, conDryden.

gealable again by cold into brittle glebes or

crystals, soluble in water, so as to disappear, not 4. In a similar sense, it is said, The man

Inalleable, and having something in it which afhatb acquitted himself well; that is, he

fects the organs of taste with a sensation of acrihath discharged his duty.

mony or sharpness.

Arbutbnot. ACQUI'TMENT. 1. s. [from acquit.] The 2. Sharpness of temper; severity ; bitter

state of being acquitted, or act of ac ness of thought or language. quitting.

John the Baptist set himself, with much acriThe word imports properly an acquitment or mony and indignation, to baffle this senseless ardischarge of a man upon some precedent accusa rogant conceit of theirs, which made them huff tion, and a full trial and cognizance of his cause at the doctrine of repentance, as a thing below had thereupon.

South. them, and not at all belonging to them. Souib. ACQUI'TTAL. n. s. In law, is a deliverance A'CRITUDE. 1. s. [from acrid.] An acrid

and setting free from the suspicion or taste ; a biting heat on the palate. guiltiness of an offence. Cowell. In green vitriol, with its astringent and sweetisk The constant design of both these orators, was

tastes, is joined some acritude. Grew's Mus. to drive some one particular point, either the con

ACROAMATICAL. adj. [axçsáopice, I hear.) demnation or acquittal of an accused person. Of or pertaining to deep learning: the


opposite of exoterical. To ACQUI'TTANCE. v. a. To procure an ACROA'TICKS. n. s. [rxpc&tima') Ari. acquittance; to acquit. Not in use. stotle's lectures on the more nice and But if black scandal, and foul-fac'd reproach,

principal parts of philosophy, to which Attend the sequel of your imposition,

none but friends and scholars were ad. Your mere enforcement shall'acquittance me From all the impure blocs and stains thereof. mitted by him.

Shakspears. ACRO'NYCAL. adj. [from : G, summus, TO ACQUI’TTANCE. n. s. [from acquit.] and »£, nox; importing the beginning 3. The act of discharging from a debt. of night.] A term of astronomy, applied But soon shall find

to the stars, of which the rising or Forbearance, no acquittance, ere day end

setting is called acronycal, when they Justice shall not return, as beauty, scorn'd. Milt.

cither appear above or sink below the 2. A writing testifying the receipt of a

horizon at the time of sunset. It is opdebt. You can produce acquittances

posed to cosmical. For such a sum, from special officers,

ACRO'NYCALLY. adj. [from acronycal.] Of Charles his father.

Sbakspear: At the acronycal time. They quickly pay their debt, and then

He is tempestuous in the summer, when he Take no acquittantes, but pay again. Donne. rises heliacally, and rainy in the winter, when he The same man bought and sold to himself, rises acronycally.

Dryden. paid the money, and gave the acquittance. Arb. A'CROSPIRE, N. s. [from ding Go and otsiçe.] A'CRE. n. s. (æcre, Sax.) A quantity of A shoot or sprout from the end of seeds

land containing in length forty perches, before they are put in the ground. and four in breadth, or four thousand Many corns will smilt, or have their pulp cight hundred and forty square yards. turned into a substance like thick cream; and will


send forth their substance in an acrospire. Morte Search every acre in the high-grown field, A'CROSPIRED. part. adj. Having sprouts, And bring him to our eye. Sbakspeare. or having shot out. A'CRID. adj. [acer, Lat.] Of a hot biting For want of turning, when the malt is spread

taste ; bitter; so as to leave a painful on the floor, it comes and sprouts at both ends, heat upon the organs of taste.

which is called acrospired, and is fit only for Bitter and acrid difter only by the sharp par


Mortimer. ticles of the first being involved in a greater Acroʻss, adv. [from a for at, or the quaniity of oil chan shose of the last. Arbute. French à, as it is used in à travers, and

cross.) Atheart ; laid over something

the chyle is not sucked, but squeezed into the so as to cross it.

mouths of the lacteals, by the action of the

fibres of the guts. Arbuthnet on Aliments The harp hath the concave not along the strings, but across the strings; and no harp hath To Act. v. a. the sound so melting and prolonged as the Irish

1. To bear a borrowed character, as a harp.

Bacon. stage-player. This view'd, but not enjoy'd, with arms across Honour and shame from no condition rise; He stood, reflecting on his country's loss. Dryd, Act well your part, there all the honour lies. There is a set of artisans, who, by the help of

Popa several poles, which they lay across each others

2. To counterfeit; to feign by action. shoulders, build themselves up into a kind of

His former trembling once again renew'd, pyramid; so that you see a pile of men in the air

With acted fear the villain thus pursued. Dryd. of four or live rows rising one above another.

Addison. 3. To actuate ; to put in motion ; to reACRO'STICK. n. s. [fromáx3 and six ).

gulate the movements.

Most people in the world are acted by levity A poem in which the first letter of every

and humour, by strange and irrational changes line being taken, makes up the name of

Soutby the person or thing on which the poem Perhaps they are as proud as Lucifer, as covete is written.

ous as Demas, as false as Judas, and in the whole ACRO'STICK. adj.

course of their conversation act, and are acted, not by devotion, but design.

Soutb. I. That relates to an acrostick.

We suppose two distinct, incommunicable con2. That contains acrosticks.

sciousnesses acting the same body, the one conLeave writing plays, and choose for thy com

stantly by day, the other by night ; and, on the mand

other side, the same consciousness acting by inSome peaceful province in acrostick land :

tervals two distinct bodies.

Locka There thou may'st wings display, and altars raise, Act. n. s. (actum, Lat.] And torture one poor word ten thousand ways.


1. Something done; a deed; an exploit, A'CROTERS, or ACROTE'RIA. n.

whether good or ill.

A lower place, not well, (from az;, the extremity of any body.]

May make too great an act : Little pedestals without bases, placed Better to leave undone, than by our deed at the middle and the two extremes of Acquire too high a fame.

Sbakspears pediments, sometimes serving to support

The conscious wretch must all his acts reveal; statues.

Loth to confess, unable to conceal;

From the first moment of his vital breath, TO ACT. v. n. [ago, actum, Lat.}

To his last hour of unrepenting death. Drgden. 1. To be in action ; not to rest.

2. Agency; the power of producing an He hangs between, in doubt to act or rest. Popo.

effect. 2. To perform the proper functions. Albeit the will is not capable of being com

I will try the forces pelled to any of its actings, yet it is capable of

Of these thy compounds on such crcatures as being made to act with more or less difficulty,

We count not worth the hanging ; but none huo according to the different impressions it receives

man; from motives or objects.

South. To try the vigour of them, and apply 3. To practise arts or duties; to conduct

Aliayments to their act; and by them gather

Their several virtues and effects. one's self.

Sbaksa T'is plain that she, who for a kingdom now

3. Action ; the performance of exploits; Would sacrifice her love, and break her vow,

production of effects. Not out of love, but interest, acts alone,

'Tis so much in your nature to do good, that And would, ev’n in my arms, lie thinking of your life is but one continued act of placing bea throne. Dryden's Conquest of Granada.

netits on many, as the sun is always carrying his The desire of happiness, and the constraint it light to sone part or other of the world. puts upon us to act for it, no body accounts an

Dryden's Fables, abridgment of liberty.


Who forth from nothing called this comely The splendor of his office, is the token of that frame, sacred character which he inwardly bears: and

His will and act, his word and work, the same. one of these ought constantly to put him in

Prior. mind of the other, and excite him to act up to 4. The doing of some particular thing ; 2 it, through the whole course of his administration.

step taken ; a purpose executed. Atterbury's Sermons.

This act persuades me, It is our part and duty to co-operate with this That this remotion of the duke and her, grace, vigorously to exert those powers, and act

Is practice only.

Sbakspears up to those advantages to which it restores us.

5. A state of reality ; effect. He has given eyes to the blind, and feet to the The seeds of herbs and plants at the first are kame.

Rogers' Sermons.

not in act, but in possibility, that which they 4. To produce effects in some passive sub afterwards grow to be.

Hooket. ject.

God alone excepted, who actually and everHence 'tis we wait the wondrous cause to find lastingly is whatsoever he may be, and which How body acts upon impassive mind. Gartb. cannot hereafter be that which now he is not;

The stomach, the intestines, the muscles of all other things besides are somewhat in possibi the lower belly, all art upon the aliment; besides lity, which as yet they are not in aat.


Sure they're conscious 6. [In law.] It is used with the prepoOf some intended mischief, and are fled

sition against before the person, and for To put it into act.

Denbam's Sopby. before the thing. 6. Incipient agency; tendency to an Actions are personal, real, and mixt: action pereffort.

sonal belongs to a man against another, by reason Her legs were buskin'd, and the left before, of any contract, offence, or cause of like force In act to shoot; a silver bow she bore. Dryden. with a contract or offence, made or done by him, 7. A part of a play, during which the ac or some other for whose fact he is to answer. tion proceeds without interruption. Action real is given to any man against another,

Many never doubt but the whole condition that possesses the thing required or sued for in required by Christ, the repentance he came to his own name, and no other man's. Adion mixt preach, wiú, in that last scene of their last act,

is that which lies as well against or for the thing immediately before the exit, be as opportunely

which we seek, as against the person that hath it; and acceptably performed, as at any other point

called mixt, because it hath a mixt respect both to of their lives." Hammond's Fundamentals.

the thing and to the person, Five acts are the just measure of a play. Rose. Action is divided into civil, penal, and mixt. 1. A decree of a court of justice, or edict

Action civil is that which tends only to the reof a legislature.

covery of that which is due to us; as a sum of They make edicts for usury to support usurers,

money formerly lent. Action penal is that which

aims at some penalty or punishment in the party repeal daily any wholesome act established against

sued, be it corporal or pecuniary: as, in comthe rich, and provide more piercing statutes daily

mon law, the next friends of a man feloniously to chain up and restrain the poor. Sbaks,

slain shall pursue the law against the murderer. You that are king, though he do wear the

Action mixt is that which seeks both the thing crown, Have caus'd him, by new act of parliament,

whereof we are deprived, and a penalty also for To blot out me.

the unjust detaining of the same. Shakspeare's Henry VI.

Action upon the case, is an action given for re9. Record of judicial proceedings.

dress of wrongs done without force against any Judicial acts are all those matters which relate man, by law not specially provided for. to judicial proceedings; and being reduced into

Action upon the statute, is an action brought writing by a public notary, are recorded by the

against a man upon breach of a statute. Cowell. authority of the judge.

Ayliffe. There was never man could have a juster A'ction. n. s. (action, Fr. actio, Lat.] action against filthy fortune than 1, since, all 1. The quality or state of acting: opposite other things being granted me, her blindness is to rest.

the only lett.


For our reward then,
O noble English! that could entertain
With half their forces the full power of France;

First, all our debts are paid; dangers of law, And let another half stand laughing by,

Actions, decrees, judgments, against us quitted. All out of work, and cold for action. Sbaksp.

Ben Jonsone 2. An act or thing done ; a deed.

7. In the plural, in France, the same as This action, Í now go on,

stocks in England. Is for my better grace. Sbakspeare's Wint. Tale. A'CTIONABLE. adj. [from action.] That

God never accepts a good inclination instead of admits an action in law to be brought a good action, where that action may be done ;

against it ; punishable. nay, so much the contrary, that if a good in

His process was formed; whereby he was dination be not seconded by a good action, the

found guilty of nought else, that I could learn, want of that action is made so much the more criminal and inexcusable.


which was actionable, but of ambition. Howel.

No man's face is actionable: these singularities 3. Agency; operation.

are interpretable from more innocent causes. It is better, therefore, that the earth should

Collier. move about its own center, and make those useful vicissitudes of night and day, than expose

A'CTIONARY,or ActionIST.n. s. [from always the same side to the action of the sun.

action.] One that has a share in actions

Bentley. or stocks. He has settled laws, and laid down rules, con A'CTION-TAKING. adj. Accustomed to formable to which natural bodies are governed in

resent by means of law ; litigious. their actions upon one another. Cheyne. A knavé, a rascal, a filthy worsted-stocking 4. The series of events represented in a knave; a lily-liver'd action-taking knave. Sbaksp. fable.

ACTITATION. n. s. [fromactito, Lat.) This action should have three qualifications.

Dict. First, it should be but one action ; secondly, it T. A'CTIVATE. v. a. (from active.] To

Action quick and frequent. should be an entire action; and, thirdly, it should be a great action.


make active. This word is perhaps s. Gesticulation; the accordance of the used only by the author alleged. motions of the body with the words

As snow and ice, especially being holpen, and

their cold activated by nitre or salt, will turn spoken; a part of oratory.

water into ice, and that in a few hours; so it -He that speaks doth gripe the hearer'swrist, While he that hears makes fearful action

may be, it will turn wood or stiff clay into stone, in longer time.

Bacon. With wrinkled brows. Shaksp. King John

Our orators are observed to make use of less ACTIVE. adj. [activus, Lat.] . gesture or action than those of other countries.

1. That has the power or quality of

Addison acting.

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