Imágenes de páginas

assaged, some quite disjointed and broken into pieces. ddison. To DA’MAGE. v. n. To take damage, or be damaged. DA'MAGE AB le. adj. [from damage.] 1. Susceptible of hurt: as, damageable 8. a. Mischievous ; pernicious. obscene and immodest talk is offensive to the purity of God, damageable and infectious to the innocence of our neighbours, and most pernicito ourselves. Government of the Tongue. DA’M Ascen E. m. s. [damascenus, from Damascus.] A small plum; a damson, as it is now spoken. In April follow the cherry-tree in blossom, the damascene and plum-trees in blossom, and the white thorn in leaf. droe In fruits the white commonly is meaner, as in pear-plums and damascenes ; and the choicest plums are black. Bacon. DA'MASK. m. s. [damasquin, Fr. damaschino, Ital. from Damascus.] 1. Linen or silk woven in a manner invented at Damascus, by which part, by a various direction of the threads, exhibits flowers or other forms. Not any weaver which his work doth boast in diaper, damask, or in lyne. Spenser. Wipe your shoes, for want of a clout, with a damask napkin. Swift's Rules to Servants. 2. It is used for red colour in Fairfax, from the damask rose. And for some deale perplexed was her spirit, Her damask late, now chang'd to purest white. Fairfax. To D'A'Mask. v.a. [from the noun.] x. To form flowers upon stuffs. 2. To variegate; to diversify. - They sat recline On the soft downy bank, damauk'd with flowers.

Milton. Around him dance the rosy hours, And, damarking the ground with flow'rs, With ambient sweets perfume the morn. Fenton. 3. To adorn steel-work with figures; practised, I suppose, first at Damascus. DAM Ask-plu M. See PLUM. DAM as K-Rose. m. s. The rose of Damascus; a red rose. See Rose. Damask-roses have not been known in England above one hundred years, and now are so com†non. Bacon. No gradual bloom is wanting from the bud, TNor broad carnations, nor gay spotted pinks, Nor, shower'd from ev’ry bush, the damask-rose. Thomson. DA*MAs KEN IN G. n.f. [from damarquiner, Fr.] The art or act of adorning iron or steel, by making incisions, and filling them up with gold or silver wire; used in enriching the blades of swords, and locks of pistols. Chambers.

DAME. n.s. [dame, Fr. dama, Spanish.] 1. A lady; the old title of honour to wo

rnen. The word done originally signified a mistress of a family, who : lad *: it is used still in the English law to signify a lady; but in com*non use now-a-days, it represents a farmer's wife, or a mistress of a family of the lower rank in the country. MWatts's Logisk,

Bless you, fair dame! I am not to you knews, Though in your state of honour I am perfect. Skałopeare. Not all these lords do vex me half so much As that proud dame, the lord protector's wife. Shakspeare. Shut your mouth, dame. Shakspeare's K. Lear. Sov’reign of creatures, universal dame! Milt.

2. It is still used in poetry for women of rank. His father Faunus; a Laurentian dame His mother, fair Marica was her name. Dryda. Who would not repeat that bliss, And frequent sight of such a dame Buy with the hazard of his fame 2 Waller. 3. Mistress of a low family. They killed the poor cock; for, say they, if it were not for his waking our dame, she would not wake us. • L'Entrange. 4. Woman in general. We've willingdames enough; there cannotbe That vulture in you to devour so many As will to greatness dedicate themselves. Skskr. DAM Es-vio LET. n.s. A plant, called also queen’s gillyflower. Miller. To DAMN. v. a. [damno, Latin.] 1. To doom to eternal torments in a future State. It is most necessary, that the church, by doctrine and decree, do dawn and send to hell for ever those facts and opinions. Bacon. 2. To procure or cause to be eternally condemned. That which he continues ignorant of, having done the utmost lying in his power that he might not be ignorant of it, shall not dams him. Soutb's Sermonr. 3. To condemn; to censure. His own impartial thought Will damn, and conscience will record the fault. - ryden 4. To hoot or hiss any publick performance; to explode.

They damn themselves, nor will my muse de

scend To clap with such who fools and knaves commend. Dryden.

For the great dons of wit, Phoebus gives them full privilege alone To damn all others, and cry up their own. Dryden. You are so good a critick, that it is the greatest happiness of the modern poets that you do not hear their works; and, next, that you are not so arrant a critick as to damn them, like the rest, without hearing. Pope. DA'MN able. adj. [from damn.] 1. Deserving damnation ; justly doomed to never-ending punishment. It gives him occasion of labouring with greater earnestnesselsewhere,to entangle unwary minds with the snares of his damnable opinion. Hooker. He's a creature unprepar'd, unmeet for death; And to transport him in the mind he is Were damnable. Shakspeare. As he does not reckon every schism of a damnable nature, so he is far from closing with the new opinion of those who make it no crime. Swift. 2. It is sometimes indecently used in a low and ludicrous sense ; odious ; pernicious. O thou damnable fellow! did not I §: thee by the nose for thy speeches! bakıpeare. Da'MNA aly. adv. [from damnable.] 1. In such a manner as to incur eternal punishment; so as to be excluded from mercy. We will propose the question, whether those who hold the fundamentals of faith may deny Christ damnably, in respect of those consequenc's that arise from them. South's . 2. It is indecently used in a ludicrous sense; odiously; hatefully. The more sweets they bestowed upon them, the more damnably their conserves stunk. Dennis. DAMNA’t to N. m. s. [from damn.] Exelusion from divine mercy; condemnation to eternal punishment. He that hath been affrighted with the fears of hell, or remembers how often he hath been spared from an horrible damnation, will not be ready to strangle his brother for a trifle. Taylor. Now mince the sin, And mollify darnation with a phrase: Say you consented not to Sancho's death, But barely not forbade it. Dryden. DA'MN A To RY. adj. [from damnatorius.] Containing a sentence of condemnation. DA'MN sp. part. ads. [from damn.] Hateful; detestable; abhorred; abominable. Not in the legions Of horrid hell can come a devil more damn'd In evils to top Macbeth, SA is peare's Macbeth. Let not the royal bed of Denmark be A couch for luxury and damned incest, Skgkop. But, O! what Ž: minutes tells he o'er Who doats, yet doubts; suspects, yet strongly loves. - Słak-peare. I)2re not To brand the spotless virtue of my prince With falsehoods of most base and damn'd contrivance. Rowe. DAMN1'ric. adj. [from damniff.] Procuring loss; mischievous. To DA'MNIFY. v. a. [from damnifico, Latin.] 1. To endamage; to injure; to cause loss to any. He, who has suffered the damage, has a right * to demand in his own name, and he alone can remit, satisfaction: the damnified person has the power of appropriating the goods or service of the offender, by right of self-preservation. Locke. 2. To hurt; to impair. When now he saw himself so freshly rear, As if late fight had nought him damnified, He was dismay'd, and 'gun his fate to fear. Fairy Queen. DA'MNINGN ess. m. s. [from damming.] Tendency to procure damnation. He may vow never to return to those sins which he hath had such experience of, for the emptiness and damningness of them, and so think himself a complete penitent. Hammond. DAM P. adj. [dampe, Dutch..] 1. Moist; inclining to wet; not comletely dry; foggy. P. o ...o. trembling Trojans hear, O'erspread with a damp sweat and holy fear.

Dryden. 2. Deiected ; sunk ; depressed. All these and more came flocking: but with looks I)owncast and damp; yet such wherein appear'd Obscure some glimpse of joy. Milton. DAMP. n. . . . 1. Fog moist air; moisture.

[ocr errors]

air Accompanied, with damps and dreadful gloom. Mišar. A rift there was, which from the mountain, height Convey'd a glimmering and malignant light; A breathing-place to draw the dirfi roy, A twilight of an intercepted day. Drydo 2. A noxious vapour exhaled from th: earth. The heat of the sun, in the hotter season, penetrating the exterior parts of the earth, to cites those mineral exhalations in subterrineas caverns, which are called damps: these elite happen but in the summer-time; when, the hoter the weather is, the more frequent are to dampt. Wooters, 3. Dejection; depression of spirit; cloud of the mind. Adam, by this from the cold sudden Recov'ring, and his scatter'd spirits return'd, To Michael thus his humble words *::t fire, His name struck every where so great a dio, As Archimedes through the Roman camp. Resossm. Ev’n now, while thus I stand blest in thy presence,

[ocr errors]

An eternal state he knows and confesses the he has made no provision for, that he is union: for ever; a prospect enough to cast a *; to: his sprightliest hours. :* T§ commendable resentment against of strikes a damp upon that spirit in all ranks: corporations of men. Soft. To DAMP. v. a. [from the noun.] . 1. To wet; to moisten; to make humid. 2. To depress; to deject; to chill; to dull. The very loss of one pleasure is enought damp the relish of another. L'Estrio. read of death hangs over the mere nato man, and, like the hand-writing on the oil. damps all his jollity. Attorio. It would be enough to damp their warmth. such pursuits, if they could once reflect, thro such course they will be sure to run upon to very rock they mean to avoid. - Soft

[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Nor need they fear the dampners of the sky Should . their wings, and hinder them to fly; 'Twas only water thrown on sails too o Dryd. By stacks they often have very great loss, by

the dampness of the ground, which rots and spoils,

it. Mortimer. DAMP Y. adj. [from damp.] Dejected ; gloomy, sorrowful. The lords did dispel dampy thoughts, which the remembrance of his uncle might raise, by applying him with exercises and disports. Hayward. DA’MSE 1... n.s. [damoiselle, French. I. A young gentlewoman ; a young woman of distinction: now only used in verse. Kneeling, I my servant's smiles implore, And one mad damtel dares dispute my pow'r. Prior. 2. An attendant of the better rank. With her train of dam rels she was gone In shady walks, the scorching heat to shun. Dryden. 3. A wench ; a country lass. The clowns are whoremasters, and the damsels with child. Gey. DA’M so N. m. s. [corruptly from damascene.] A small black plum. See DAM.A.S.C. E. N. E. My wife desir'd some damsons, And made me climb with danger of my life. Shai-peare. D.A.N. m. s. [from dominus ; as now don in Spanish ; and donna, Italian, from dozmina.] The old term of honour for men, as we now say master. I know not that it was ever used in prose, and imagine it to have been rather of ludicrous import. Dan Chaucer, well of English undefil’d. - Douglas:

This whimpled, whining, purblind, wayward bo w This : Junio's giant dwarf, dan Cupid.

Shakspeare. Dick, if this story pleaseth thee, Pray thank dan Pope, who told it me. Prior. 2 o', DANCE. v. m. [danser, Fr. o Span. as some think from tanza, Arabick, a dance; as junius, who loves to derive from Greek, thinks, from 2&nt...] To move in measure; to move with steps correspondent to the sound of instruments. What say you to young Mr. Fenton? He capers, he dancer, he has eyes of youth, he writes verscs. Shakspeare. To D.A.Nce Attendance. v. n. To wait with o: and obsequiousness. en are sooner weary to dance attendance at the gates of foreign lords, than to tarry the good leisure of their own ". Raleigh's Ersay”. t upbraids you, To let your father's friend, for three long months, Thus dance attendance for a word of audience. - Dryden. To DAN ce. v. a. To make to dance; to put into a lively motion. Thy grandsire lov'd thee well; Many a time he danc'd thee on his knee. Skała. That I see thee here, Thou noble thing! more dance: my rapt heart, Than when I first my wedded mistress saw Bestside my toū. Staffecro's Caricianur.

In pestilences, the malignity of the infetting vapour danceth the principal spirits. Bacon. DA's ce. m. s. LFrom the verb.] A motion of one or many in concert, regulated by musick. Our dance of custom, sound about the oak Of Herne the hunter. Shai peare. The honourablest part of talk is to give the occasion, and again to moderate and pass to somewhat else; for then a man leads the dance. Bacon. But you perhaps expect a modish feast, With am’rous songs and wanton dances grac'd. Dryden. DA'N C E R. n. J. [from dance.] One that practises the art of dancing. - He at Philippi kept His sword e'en like a dancer, while I strook The lean and wrinkled Cassius. Shakspeare. Musicians and dancers / take some truce With these your pleasing labours; for great use As much weariness as perfection brings. Donne. The earl was so far #. being a good dancer, that he was no graceful goer. WottonIt is a usual practice for our funambulours, or dancers on the rope, to attempt somewhat like to fiying. Wilkins. He, perfect dancer / climbs the rope, And balances your fear and hope. Prier. Nature, I thought, perform'd too mean a part, Forming her movements to the rules of art; , And, vex'd, I found that the musician's hand Had o'er the dancer's mind too great command. Prior. DA'N CING Mast F. R. n.s. [dance and master.] One who teaches the art of dancing. o The apes were taught their apestricks by a dancingmaster. L'Estrange. The legs of a dancingmaster, and the fingers of a musician, fall, as it were, naturally, without thought or Pains, into regular and admirable motions. Locke on Understanding.

DA'N CINGschool. n. 4. [dance and school. The school where the art of dancing is taught. They bid us to the English dancing::Boch, And teach lavoltas high, and swift courantos; Saying our grace is only in our heels. Shakop. A certain Egyptian § endowcd a dancingschool for the institution of apes of quality. L’Estrange. DAND E LI’o N. n.s. [dent de lion, French.) The name of a plant. It agrees, in all respects, with the hawkweed; but only in its having a single naked stalk, with one flower upon the top. Miller. For cowslips sweet, let dandelions spread; For Blouzelinda, blithsome maid, is dead! Gay's Pastorals., DA's D if R A T. n. 4. [dandin, French.] A little fellow ; an urchin : a word used sometimes in fondness, sometimes in contempt.

[blocks in formation]

Srerting the lion ramp'd, and in his pro Dengled the kid. iltan. Motion occasions sleep; as we find by the common use of rocking froward children in cradles, or dandling them in their nurses arms. Temple. 2. To fondle; to treat like a child. - Their child shall be advanc'd, And be received for the emperor's heir ; And let the emperor dandle him for his own. Shakspeare. They have put me in a silk gown, and a gaudy fool's cap; I am ashamed to be dandled thus, and cannot look in the glass without blushing, to see myself turned into such a little pretty master. Addison. 3. To delay; to procrastinate; to protract by trifles: not in use. Captains do so dawdle their doings, and dally in the service, as if they would not have the enemy subdued. Spenter. DA’ND LER. m. s. [from dandle.] He that dandles or fondles children. DA’ND RUF F. n.s. (often written dendriff, from ean, the itch, and bmop, sordid,

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

And with a cuckold's air commands the to: Sssh. But have you not with thought beheld

filthy.] Scabs in the head ; scurf at the The sword hang dangling o'er the shield! Pris. To DARE. Larks. To catch them by means of a looking-glass, or by keeping a bird of prey hovering aloft, which keeps them in amaze till caught j to amaze. Shrimps are dipped up in shallow water with little round nets, not much unlike that which is used for daring larks. Carew. As larks lie dar'd to shun the hobby's flight. Drydew. DARE. m. s. [from the verb.] Defiance; challenge. Sextus Pompeius Hath given the dare to Caesar, and command; The empire of the sea. Shao-pears.

roots of the hair. Da’New or r. m. s. A species of elder; eafled also dwarf-elder, or wall-wort. DATNGER. m. s. [danger, Fr. of uncertain derivation. Skinner derives it from dannum, Menage from angaria, Minshew from 84,3-, death, to which jusius seems inclined.] Risk; hazard; peril. They that sail on the sea tell of the danger. Ecclus. Our craftisin danger to be set at nought. Acts. . He hath writ this to feel my aftection to your honour, and to no other pretence of danger. Shakspeare. More danger now from man alone we find, Than from the rocks, the billows, and the wind. Waller. To DA’N GER. v. a. [from the noun..] To put in hazard; to endanger. Pompey's son stands up For the main soldier; whose quality going on, The sides o' th' world may danger. Skałpeare. DA's GER less. adj. [from danger.] Without hazard; without risk; exempt from danger. - - He shewed no less magnanimity in dangerless despising, than others in dangerous affecting, the multiplying of kingdoms. idney. DA'N & E Rous. adj. [from danger.] Hazardous; perilous; full of danger. A man of an ill tongue is dangerous in his city. Eccles. All men counsel me to take away thy life, likely to bring forth nothing but dangerous and wicked effects. Si Already we have conquer'd half the war, And the less dangerous part is left behind. Dryd. DA'N GER ously. adv. [from dangerous.] Hazardously; perilously; with danger. But for your son, believe it, oh believe it, Most dang'rously 1. have with him prevail'd, If not most mortal to him. Shakspeare's Coriol. - A sort of naughty persons Have practis'd dangerously against your state, Dealing with witches ...?with conjurers. Shahr. It is just with God to permit those, which think tiley stand so surely, to fall most danger•usly. Haçond on Fundamentall,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

A pett dapper spark of a magpye fancied the birds would never be governed till himself should wit at the helm. L'Estrange. DA'ppe R11N G. m. r. [from dapper.] A dwarf; a dandiprat. Ainsworth. DA'PPLE. adj. [from apple; as pommels.] Marked with various colours; variegated; streaked; imbricated: it is used chiefly of animals. My country neighbours do not find it impossible to think of a lame horse, till they have run over all beings that are, and then pitch on People. Locke. To D'A'pple. v. a. [from the adjective.] To streak; to vary; to diversify with colours. But under him a grey steed did he weild, Whose sides with doppled circles were endight, Spenser. The gentle day Dappler the drowsy east with spots of grey. Shakspeare. Horses that are dappied turn white; and old squirrels turn grisly. Bacon. The lark begins his flight, From his watch-tower in the skies, Till the dappled dawn doth rise. The dappled pink, and blushing rose, Deck my charming Chloe's hair. Prior. The gods, to curse Pamela with her pray'rs, Gave the gilt coach and dappled Flanders mares.


I) AR. } n. s. A fish found in the seven. JDART. S. Bailey. Dart is the same with Dace.

To DARE. v. n. pret. I durit: the preterit I dared belongs to the active dare; part. I have dared. [beannan, Saxon ; derren, Dutch..] To have courage for any purpose; not to be afraid; to adventure ; to be adventurous. Darest thou be as good as thy word now?– Why, Hal, thou knowest, as thou art but a man, I dare; but, as thou art a prince, I fear thee. Skałpeare. I dare do all that may become a man; Who dares do more, is none. Słakopfare. They are both hanged; and so would this be, if he durit steal any thing adventurously, Shaki. Neither of them was of that temper is to dare any dangerous fact. Haywood. The father bore it with undaunted soul, Like one who durit his destiny controul. Dryd. Deliberate and well-weighed courage knows both to be cautious and to dare, as occasion offers. Dr vilon. We dare not build much upon such a notion or doctrine, till it be very fully examined. If atts. To DARE. v. a. pret. I dared, not I durit. To challenge; to defy. I never in my life Did hear a challenge urg'd more medestly, Unless a brother should a brother dare To gentle exercise and proof of arms. Here she stands: Take but possession of her with a touch; Iore thee but to breathe upon my love. Shais. He had many days come i. seas over; and sometimes passing further, came and lay at the mouth of the harbour, during them to fight. Anoller. Masters of the arts of policy thought that they tnight even defy and dare Providence to the face. South. All cold, but in her breast, I will despise; *nd dare all beat but that in Celia's eyes. Rott,

[ocr errors]

Time! I dare thee to discover Such a youth and such a lover. &n. Presúmptuous wretch! with mortal art to dare Immortal power, and brave the Thunderer. Granville.

DARE. m. s. [leuciscus.] A small fish, the same with date. DARE ful. adj. [dare and fill.] Full of defiance. Not in use. We . have met them darful, beard to ear

And beat them backward home. Shakpears.

DA/R IN G. adj. [from dare.] Bold ; adventurous ; fearless; courageous; intrepid ; brave; stout. The last Georgick has many metaphors, but not so daring as this; for human passious may be more naturally ascribed to a bee than to an inanimate plant. Addison. The song too dari-g, and the theme too great. rior. Grieve not, O during prince! that noble heart. Pope. DA'RIN Gly. adv. (from daring.] Boldly; courageously ; fearlesly ; impudentiy ; outrageously. Some of the great principles of religion are every day openly and daringly attacked from the Press. 4tterbury. Your brother, fir'd with his success, Too daringly upon the foe did press. Halifax. Da’RING Ness. n. ... [from daring.] BoldricSS.

DARK, adj. [beonc, Saxon.] 1. Not light; wanting light. Fleance, his son, who keeps him company, Must embrace the fate of thet dara hour. Skai. While we converse with her, we mark No want of day, nor think it dark. JP'aller. 1. Not of a showy or vivid colour. If the plague be somewhat dark, and the plague $pread not in the skin, the priest shall pronounce him clean. Leviticut. In Muscovy the generality of the people are more inclined to have dark coloured hair than taxen. Boyle. 3. Blind; without the enjoyment of light. Thou wretched daughter of a dark old man, Conduct my weary steps. Dryd, and Lee's go. 4. Opake ; not transparent: as, lead is a dark body. 3. Obscure ; not perspicuous. What may seam dark at the first, will after. wards be found more plain. Hooker. Mean time we ill express our darier purpote. Shakpeare. 6. Not enlightened by knowledge; ignorant

« AnteriorContinuar »