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5. The image of mortality represented by a skeleton. i had rather be married to a death's head, with a bone in his mouth, than to either of these. Soakspeare. If I gaze now, "t is but to see What manner of docto's head 't will be, When it is frce From that fresh upper skin, The gazer's joy, and sin. 6. Murder; the act of destroying life unlawfully. As in manifesting the sweet influence of his mercy, on the severe stroke of his justice; so in this, not to suffer a man of death to live. Bacon. 7. Cause of death. They cried out, and said, O thou man of God, there is death in the pot ' 2 Kings. He caught his death the last county-sessions, where he would go to see justice done to a poor widow woman. Addison. 8. Destroyer. All the endeavours Achilles used to meet with Hector, and be the death of him, is the intrigue which comprehends the battle of the last day. Brown's Pow of Epic Poetry. 9. [In poetry..] The instrument of death. Deaths invisible come wing'd with fire; They hear a dreadful noise, and straight expire. I}ryden. Sounded at once the bow, and swiftly flies The feather'd death, and hisses thro' the skies. - Jrydon.
Executioner; hangman; headsman; he that executes the sentence of death. He's dead; I'm only sorry He had no other deathsman. Shakspeare. As deathrmen you have rid this sweet young prince. - Shakoeare. DE'At H wa Tch. x. s. [death and watch.] An insect that makes a tinkling noise like that of a watch, and is superstitiously imagined to prognosticate death. The solemn death witch click'd the hour she died. , Gay. We learn to presage o: death in a family by ravelis, and little worms which we therefore call a death watch. PWatts. Misers are muckworms, silkworms beaus, And death ovatches physicians. Pope.
DE BAccH A^T los. m. s. [debacchatio, Lat.] A raging ; a madness. I)ict. To De BA’R. v. a. [from bar.] To exclude ; to preclude; to shut out from any thing ; to hinder. The same boats and the same buildings are found in countries debarred from all commerce by unpassable mountains, lakes, and deserts. Raleigh': Essays. Not so strictly hath our Lord impos'd Labour, as to delarus when we need efreshment; whether food, or talk between, Food of the mind. Milton. Civility, intended to make us easy, is employed in laying chains and fetters upon us, in debarring us of our wishes, and in crossing our most reasonable desires. Swift. To DE BA/R B. v. a. [from de and barba, Lat.] To deprive of his beard. Dict. To DE BA/R K. v. a. [debarquer, French.] To disembark. Dict. To DEBA’SE. v. a. [from base.] 1. To reduce from a higher to a lower State. Homer intended to teach, that pleasure and sensuality debase men into beasts. Broome. As much as you raise silver, you d-base gold : for they are in the condition of two things put in opposite scales; as much as the one rises, the other falls. - Jocke. 2. To make mean ; to sink into meanness; to make despicable ; to degrade. It is a kind of taking God's name in vain, to deoise religion with such frivolous disputes. Hooker. A man of large possessions has not leisure to consider of every slight expence, and will not d-base himself to the management of every trifle. Dryden. Restraining others, yet himself not free; Made impotent by pow'r, d.las'd by dignity. Dryden. 3. To sink ; to vitiate with meanness. He ought to be careful of not letting his subject debusz his style, and betray him into a meanness of expression. Addison. Hunting after arguments to make good one side of a question, and wholly to refuse those which favour the other, is so far from giving truth its true value, that it wholly debates it. Locłe. 4. To adulterate; to lessen in value by base admixtures. t He reformed the coin, which was much adul
terated and debated in the times and troubles of king Stephen. Hale. Words so debas'd and hard, no stone Was hard enough to touch them on. Hudibras. DE BA’s EMENT. n.s. l from debase.] The act of debasing or degrading ; degradation. It is a wretched debatement of that sprightly faculty, the tongue, thus to be made the interpreter to a goat or boar. Gov. of the Tongue. DE BA’s E. R. n. J. from debase. J He that debases; he that adulterates; he that degrades another ; he that sinks the value of things, or destroys the dignity of persons, DE BA’t ABLE. adj. [from debate.] Disputable; subject to controversy. The French requested, that the d-bitable ground, and the Scottish hostages, might be restored to the Scots. - ayward. DEBATE. n.s. [debat, French.] 1. A personal dispute; a controversy. A way that men ordinarily use, to force others to submit to their judgments, and receive their opinion in debute, is to require the adversary to admit what they allege as a proof, or to assign a better. Locłe. It is to diffuse a light over the understanding, in our enquiries after truth, and not to .# the tongue with debate and controversy. Watts. 2. A quarrel; a contest: it is not now used of hostile contest. Now, lords, if heav'n doth give successful end To this debate that bleedeth at our doors, We will our youth lead on to higher fields, And draw no swords but what are sanctified. Shakspeare. 'T is thine to ruin realms, o'erturn a state; Betwixt the dearest friends to raise debate. Dry. To DE BA’t E. v.a. [debattre, French..] To controvert; to dispute; to contest. Debate thy cause with thy neighbour himself, and discover not a secret to another. Prover&r. He could not debate anything without some commotion, even when the argument was not of rudinent. Clarendon. To DE BA’TE. v. n. 1. To deliberate. - Your sev'ral suits Have been consider'd and debuted on. Shało. 2. To dispute. He presents that great soul debating upon the subject of life and death with his intimate friends. ‘Tatler. DE BA’t EFU L. adj. [from debate.] 1. [Of persons.] Quarrelsome ; contentious. 2. [Of things.] Contested; occasioning quarrels. DE BA’t EMENT. n.s.. [from debate.] Controversy; deliberation. Without debatement further, more or less, He should the bearers put to sudden death. Shakspeare. DE BA’re R. m. s. (from debate.] A disputant: a controvertist. To DEBA'UCH. v. a. debacchari, Lat.] 1. To corrupt ; to vitiate. A man must have got his conscience thoroughly debauched and hardened, before he can arrive to the height of sin South. This it is to counsel things that are unjust; first to de' anch a king to break his laws, and then to seek protection. Dryden.
2. To corrupt with lewdness.
There died my father, no man's debtor; And there I'll die, nor worse nor better. Pope. The case of debtors in Rome, for the first four centuries, was, after the set time for payment, no choice but either to pay, or be the creditor's slave. , Swift. 3. One side of an account-book. When I look upon the debtor side, I find such innumerable articles, that I want arithmetick to cast them up; but when I look upon the creditor side, I find little more than blauk Paper. Addison. Debuli. "Tios. n.s. [debuilitio, Latin.] A bubbling or seething over. Dict. Dec A cu'M IN AT Ed. adj. [decacuminatus, Lat.] Having the top or point cut off. Dict. Dec A'd E. m. s. [42: ; decas, Latin.] The sum of ten ; a number containing ten. Men were not only out in the number of some days, the latitude of a few years. but might be wide by whole olympiads, and divers decades of wears. Brown's Pulgar Erreurs. We make cycles and periods ...: as decades, centuries, and chiliads; chiefly for the use of computations in history, chrouology, and astronoun”. Holder on Time. All o by ten; whole decades, when they dine, Must want a Trojan slave to pour the win; ope. De’c Ad E N cy. m. s. (decadence, French.] Decay; fall. Dict. DE'cA&on. n. 4. [from ***, ten, and ywa, a corner.] A plain figure in geometry, having ten sides and angles. De’c Aio G U E. m. s. [***673°.] The ten commandments given by God to Moses. The commandments of God are clearly revealed both in the decalogue and other parts of sacred writ. Hammond. To DECAMP. v. n. [decamper, French.] To shift the camp ; to move off. Deca'M PMENT. n.s.. [from decamp.] The act of shifting the camp. To DECA’NT. v. a. s. decanto, Lat. canter, Fr.] clination. - - -Take aqua frtis, and dissolve in it ordinary coined silver, and pour the coloured solution into twelve times as much fair water, and then decant or filtrate the mixture that it may be
deTo pour off gently by in
very clear. - - - oyle. They attend him daily as their chief, Decant his wine, and carve his beef. Swift.
to decline from the state of perfection ;
to be gradually impaired. 8 The monarch oak, Three centuries he grows, and three he stays supreme in state, and in three more *; ryden. The garlands fade, the vows are worn away; so dies her love, and so my hopes decay. Pope,
Doray'd and wither'd from their infancy. Dryd. It so ordered, that almost every thing which corrupts the soul decay, the body. Addison. DE ca’Y. m. s. [from the verb.] 1. Decline from the state of perfection; state of depravation or diminution. What comfort to this great decay may come, Shall be applied. Shakspears. She . a fine lady, and paints and hides Her decays very well. Ben jonton. And those decays, to speak the naked truth, Through the defects of age, were crimes of youth. Denham. By reason of the tenacity of fluids, and attrition of their parts, and the weakness of elasticity in solids, motion is much more apt to be lost than got, and is always upon the decoy. Rout... Each may feel increases and decays, And see now clearer and now darker days. Pope. Taught, half by reason, half by mere decay, To welcome death, and calmly pass away. Pope. 2. The effects of diminution; the marks of decay. They think, that whatever is called old must have the decay of time upon it, and truth too were liable to mould and rottenness. Locke. . Declension from prosperity. And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee, then thou shalt relieve him. Leviticut.
I am the very man
That, from your first of difference and decay, Have follow'd your sad steps. Shakspeare. 4. The cause of decline. e that seeketh to be eminent amongst able men, hath a great task; but that is ever good for the publick: but he that plots to be the only figure among cyphers, is the decay of a whole age. Bacon. Deca'Ye R. m. s. [from decay.] That which causes decay. Your water is a sore decayer of your whoreson dead body. Shakspeare's Hamlet.
DECE/ASE, n.s. [decessus, Lat.] Death; departure from life. Lands are by human law, in some places, af. ter the owner's decease, divided unto all his children; in some, all descendeth to the eldest son. Hocker. To Dece’Asr. V. m. [decedo, Latin.] To die; to depart from life. He tells us Arthur is deceas'd to-night. Shak. . You shall die Twice now, where others, that mortality In her fair arms holds, shall but once deceas. - - - Chapman, His latest victories still thickest came, As, near the centre, motion doth increase; Till he, press'd down by his own weighty name, Did, like the vestal, under spoils decease. Dryden. DECETT. n. 4. Lod:ceptio, Latin.]
They rais'd a feeble cry with trembliner:*, But the weak voice decess a their gasping thre: Dryi5. To deprive by fraud or stealth.
Wine is to be forborne in consumptions; for that the spirits of the wine prey on the visi juice of the body, intercommon with the poss of the body, and so seceive and rob them after nourishment. Bzz. Plant fruit-trees in large borders; and ot therein fine flowers, but thin and sparing, ie: they deceive the trees. Bio.
Dece’ive R. n.s.. [from der-ine.] Oneth: leads another into errour; a cheat. Sigh no more, ladies, sigh no more; Men were deceivers ever: o One foot in sea, and one on shore; To one thing constant never. Skałęsin. As for Perkin's distnission out of France, ho interpreted it not as if he were detected for . counterfeit deceiver. Rela. Those voices, actions, or gestures, which ro have not by any compact agreed to make theirstruments of conveying their thoughts one o another, are not the proper instruments of 3ceiving, so as to denominate the person ris them a liar or deceiver. Soo. It is to be admired how any deceiver can be. weak to forete; things near at hand, when aver: few months must of uccessity discover the inposture. Soft. Adieu the heart-expanding bowl, And all the kind deceivers of the soul! Poo. DEC E/M BER. m.s. [December, Lat. The last month of the year; but named december, or the tenth month, when the year began in March. Men are April when they woo, and Irreber when they wed. Shai peare's Aftye, it it. What should we speak of When we are old as you? when we shall heir The rain and wind beat dark December. Soot. DECE's PE DAL. adj. [from decenpeia, Lat..] Ten feet in length. DECE’M v 1B.A.T.E. n. s. [decentirata, Lat.] The dignity and office of the ten governours of Rome, who were appoint: ed to rule the commonwealth instead of consuls: their authority subsisted only two years. Any body of ten men.