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it; and from this springs the notion of decency or indecency, that which becomes or misbecomes. - South. Sentiments which raise laughter can very seldom be admitted with any decency into an heroick poem. Addison. 3. Modesty; not ribaldry; not obscenity. Immodést words admit of no defence; For want of decency is want of sense. Roscom.
DEck'N N1A L. adj. [from decennium, Lat.] What continues for the space of ten years. DEC EN No’ v A. L. adj. [decem and noDece N No’v ARY. W. "em, Lat.] Relating to the number nineteen. Meton, of old, in the time of the Peloponnesian war, constituted a decennoval circle, or of nineteen years; the same which we now call the golden number. Holder. Seven months are retrenched in this whole derenovary progress of the epacts, to reduce the accounts of her motion and place to those of the Sull. Holder. De'e ENT. adj. [decens, Latin.] 1. Becoming ; fit; suitable. Since there must be ornaments both in painting and poetry, if they are not necessary they must at least be decent; that is, in their due place, and but moderately used. Dryden. 2. Grave; not gaudy; not ostentatious. Come, pensive nun, devout and pure, Sober, stedfast, and demure! All in a robe of darkest grain Flowing with majestick train, And sable stole of Cyprus lawn Over thy docent shoulders drawn. 3. Not wanton ; not immodest.
DE'cf. N T LY. adv. [from decent.] 1. In a proper manner; with suitable behaviour; without meanness or ostentation. They could not decently refuse assistance to a person, who had punished those who had insulted their relation. - Broome. Perform'd what friendship, justice, truth, require; What could he more, but decently retire? Swift. 2. Without immodesty. Past hope of safety,'t was his latest care, Like falling Caesar, decently to die. 10-yden. Dec E PT1 B 1'LITY.. n. ... [from deceit.] Liableness to be deceived. Some errours are so fleshed in us, that they maintain their interest upon the deceptibility of our decayed natures. Glanville. Dece/PI B L E. adj. [from deceit.] Liable to be deceived; open to imposture; subject to fraud. The first and father cause of common errour, is the common infirmity of human nature; of whose de-optible condition, perhaps, there should not need any other eviction, than the frequent errours we shall ourselves commit. Brown. Dece/p-rlo N. n.s. (deceptio, Latin.]
1. The act or means of deceiving; cheat;
fraud; fallacy. Being thus divided from truth in themselves, they are yet further removed by ...venient deception. - - rown. All deception is a misapplying of those signs, which, by compact or institution, were made the means of men's signifying or conveying their thoughts. ocwth.
2. The state of being deceived.
Reason, not impossibly, may meet
DECIT) UOUS. adj. [deciduus, Latin.] Falling; not perennial; not lasting through the year. In botany, the perianthium, or calyx, is deciducus with the flower. Quincy. Dec 1'Duous N Ess. n. 4. [from deciduous.] Aptness to fall ; quality of fading once a year. Dict. DE'cIMA L. adj. [decimus, Latin.] Numbered by ten; multiplied by ten. In the way we take now to name numbers by millions of millions of millions, it is hard to go beyond eighteen, or, at most, four and twenty decimal progressions, without confusion. Locke. To DE'CIMATE. v. a. [decimus, Latin.] To tithe ; to take the tenth. DEc1 MA’t los. m. . [from decimate.] 1. A tithing ; a selection of cwery tenth by lot or otherwise.
a. A selection by lot of every tenth soldier, in a general mutiny, for punishment. By decimation, and a tithed death, Take thou the destin'd tenth. A decimation I will strictly make Of all who my Charinus did forsake: . And of each legion each centurion shall die. - Dryden. To DECITHER. v. a. [dechiffer, Fr.] 1. To explain that which is written in ciphers: this is the common use. Zelmane, that had the same character in her beart, could easily decipher it. Sidney. Assurance is writ in a private character; not to be read, nor understood, but by the conscience, to which the spirit of God has vouchsafed to decipher it. Soutl. 2. To unfold; to unravel; to explain: as, to decipher an ambiguous speech. 3. To write out ; to mark down in characters. Could I give you a Fo representation of guilt and horrour on this hand, and paint out eternal wrath and decipher eternal vengeance on the other, then might I shew you the condition of a sinner hearing himself denied by Christ. South. Then were laws of necessity invented, that so every particular subject might find his principal leasure deciphered unto him in the tables of his i. Locke. A. To stamp ; to characterize ; to mark. ou are both decipher'd For villains mark'd with rape. Shakspeare. Deci’p H E R E. R. n.s.. [from decipher.] One who explains writings in cipher. Deci's Io N. m. s. [from decide.] 1. Determination of a difference, or of a doubt.
o The time approaches, That will with due decision make us know What we shall say we have, and what we owe. Shakspeare. Pleasure and revenge Have ears more deaf than adders, to the voice Of any true decision. Shakspeare. The number of the undertakers, the worth of some of them, and their zeal to bring the matter to a decision, are sure arguments of the dignit and importance of it. Woodward. War is a direct appeal to God for the decision of some dispute which can by no other means be determined. Atterbury. 2. Determination of an event. Their arms are to the last decision bent, And fortune labours with the vast event. Dry. 3. It is used in Scotland for a narrative, or reports of the proceedings of the court of session there.
Tec 1's 1 v E. adj. [from decide.] 1. Having the power of determining any difference; conclusive. Such a reflection, though it carries nothing perfectly decisive in it, yet creates a mighty confidence in his breast, and strengthens him much in his opinion. Atterbury. This they are ready to look upon as a determination on their side, and decisive of the controversy between vice and virtue. . Rogers. 2. Having the power of settling any event. For on th' event Decisive of this bloody day, depends The fate of kingdoms. Philips. Dec 1's Ivel Y. adv. [from decisive..] In a conclusive manner.
power of argument or evidence to ter. minate any difference, or settle an event. DEC 1’so R Y. adj. [from decide.] Able to determine or decide. To Dec K. v. a. [decken, Dutch..] 1. To cover; to overspread. Ye mists and exhalations, that now rise From hill or steaming lake, dusky or grey, In honour. to the world's great Author rise! Whether to deck with clouds th’ uncolour'd sky, Or wet the thirsty earth with filling showers, Rising or falling still advance his praise. Märt. 2. To dress; to array. Sweet ornament' that deck, a thing divine Skii Long o: thou live to wail thy dilies's oss; And see another, as I see thee now, Deck'd in thy rights, as thou art stall'd in mine! Sádispes”. She sets to work millions of spinning worms, That in their green shops weave the smoothair'd silk, To deck her sons. 3. To adorn ; to embellish. But direful, deadly black, both leaf and bloor; Fit to adorn the deid, and deck the dreary too. ******
Now the dew with spangles decratheo
The god shall to his vot'ries tell
We have also raised our second 3-4, and given
more vent thereby to our ordnance, trying on our nether overloop. oiri,
If any, born and bred under deck, had no other information but what sense affords, he would be of opinion that the ship was as stole as a house. Glezoli. On high-rais'd deck, the haughty Belgiansrüe, Beneath whose shade our humble frigates ga. Jr.
DEcLAMA’rion. m. s. [declamatio, Lat.] A discourse addressed to the passions; an harangue; a set speech; a piece of rhetorick. The cause why declamations prevailso greatly is, for that men suffer themselves to i. deluded. Hooker. Thou mayest forgive his anger, while thou makest use of the plainness of his declamation, Taylor. Decla MA’roR. n. s. [Latin.] A declaimer; an orator; a rhetorician : seldom used. Who could, I say, hear this generous declamator, without being fired at his noble zeal? Tatler. Dec L.A'MAT o R Y. adj. [declamatorius, Latin.] 1. Relating to the practice of declaiming; pertaining to declamation ; treated in the manner of a rhetorician. This awhile suspended his interment, and became a declamatory theme amongst the religious men of that age. otion. 2. Appealing to the passions. He has run himself into his own declamatory way, and almost forgotten that he was now setting up for a moral poet. Dryden. Dec 1. A/R A BLE, adj. [from declare.] Capable of proof. This is declarable from the best writers. Brown. Dec 1. A R A^T 1 on. m. s. [from declare.] 1. A proclamation or affirmation ; open expression ; publication. His promises are nothing else but declarations what God will do for the good of men. Hooker. Though wit and learning are certain and habitual perfections of the mind, yet the declaration of them, which alone brings the repute, is subject to : thousand hazards. South. There are no where so plain and full declarations of mercy and love to the sons of men, as are made in the gospel. Tillotron. 2. An explanation of something doubtful. Obsolete. 3. [In law.] Declaration (declaratio) is properly the shewing forth, or laying out, of an action personal in any suit, though it is used sometimes for both personal and real actions. Cowell. Decla’R AT 1 v E. adj.[from declare.] Making declaration; explanatory. The names of things should be always taken from something observably declarative of their form or nature. - rtov. 2. Making proclamation. To this we may add the vox populi, so declarative on the same side. Swift. Decla/R AT of Il Y. adv. [from declaratory.] In the form of a declaration; not in a decretory form. Andreas Alciatus the civilian, and Franciscus de Cordua, have both ‘....? confirmed the same. - Brown's Pulgar Errouri. Decla/RA to Ry. adj. [from declare.] Affirmative; expressive ; not decretory ; not promissory, but expressing something before promised or decreed. Thus, a declaratory law is a new act ..confirming a former law. These blessings are not only declaratory of the ood pleasure and intention of God towards them, but likewise of the natural tendency of the thing- Tillefson.
To DECLA/RE. v. a. [declaro, Latin.] 1. To clear; to free from obscurity. Not in use. To declare this a little, we must assume that the surfaces of such bodies are exactly smooth. o Je. 2. To make known; to tell evidently i openly. thath been declared unto me ci you, that there are contentions among you. 1 Cor. The sun by certain signs declares Both when the south projects a stormy day, And when the clearing north will puff the clouds away. Dryden's Wirgil. 3. To publish; to proclaim. Declare his glory among the heathen. 1 Chron. 4. To show in open view ; to show an o in plain terms. m Caesar's army somewhat the soldiers would have had; yet they would not declare themselves in it, but only demanded a discharge. Bacon. We are a considerable body, who, upon a proper occasion, would not fail to declare ourselves. - Addison. To Decl A'R E. v. n. To make a declaration; to proclaim some resolution or opinion, or favour or opposition : with for or against. The internal faculties of will and understanding decreeing and declaring against them. Taylor. God is said not to have left himself without witness in the world; there being something fixed in the uature of men, that will be sure to testify and declare for him. Soutb's Sermoni. Like fawning courtiers, for success they wait; And then come smiling, and declare for fate. Drysen. DEcLA'R EMENT. m. s. [from declare.] Discovery : declaration ; testimony. Crystal will calefy into electricity; that is, into a power to attract straws, or light bodies; and convert the needle freely placed; which is : declarenext of very different parts. Brown. Dec L.A'RER. n. . [from declare.] A proclaimer; one that makes anything known. Decle'ssion. m. s. [declinatio, Lat.] I. Tendency from a greater to a less degree of excellence. J. A beauty-waining and distressed widow, Ev’n in the afternoon of her best days, Seduc’d the pitch and height of all his thoughts To base declension. Shakspeare's Rich. 111. Take the picture of a man in the greenness and vivocity of his youth, and in the latter date and declension of his dropping years, and you will scarce know it to belong to the same person. - - - South's Sermons. 2. Declination; descent. We may reasonably allow as much for the dclension of the land from that place to the sea, as for the immediate height of the mountain.” - Burnet's Theory. 3. Inflection; manner of changing nouns. Declension is only the variation or change of the termination of a noun, whilst it continues to signify the same thing. Clarke's Lat. Gram. Decli'NA B le. adj. [from decline.] Having variety of terminations; as, a declinable noun. Declin A'rio N. n.s. [declinatio, Lat.] 1. Descent; change from a better to a worse state; diminution of vigour; decay.
The queen, hearing of the doctoration of a monarchy, took it so ill, as she would never after hear of his suit. Breon. 'I wo general motions all animations have, that is, their beginning and increase; and two more, that is, their state and declination. Brown. Hope waits upon the flow'ry prime; And summer, though it be less gay, Yet is not look'd on as a time Of declination or decay. Waller. 2. The act of bending down: as, a declination of the head. 3. Variation from rectitude; oblique motion; obliquity. Supposing there were a declination of atoms, Yet will it not effect what they intend; for then they do all decline, and so there will be no mere concourse than if they did perpendicularly descend. Ray. This declination of atoms in their descent was itself either necessary or voluntary. Bentley.
4. Deviation from moral rectitude. That a peccant rreature should disapprove and repent of every declination and violation of the rules of just and honest; this right reacon, dis* coursing upon the stock of its own principles, could not but infer. South's Sermons. 5. Variation from a fixed point. There is no declination of latitude, nor variation of the clevation of the pole, notwithstanding what some have asserted. JWoodfrvard.
6. [In aavigation.] The variation of the
needle from the direction to north and south. 7. [In astronomy.] The declination of a star, we call its shortest distance from the equator. Brown. 8. [In granomar.] The declension or inflection of a noun through its various terminations. 9. Dec 1 IN AT to N of a Plane [in dialling] is an arch of the horizon, comprehended cither between the plane and the prime vertical circle, if accounted from the east or west; or else between the meridian and the plane, if accounted from the north or south. Harris. DEcli NA’To R. ! n. s. [from decline.] Dec 1.1'N AT of Y. W. An instrument in dialling, by which the declination, reclination, and inclination of planes are determined. Chambers. There are several ways to know the several planes; but the readiest is by an instrument called a declinatory, fitted to the variation of your place. Moxon. To DECLINE. v. m. [declino, Lat.] I. To lean downward. Ano with kind embracements, tempting isses And with *ining head into his bosom, Bid him shed tears, as being overjoy'd. Shakop. 2. To deviate ; to run into obliquities. Neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many, to wrest judgment. Exadus. 3. To shun ; to avoid to do any thing. 4. To sink ; to be impaired ; to decay. Opposed to improvement or exaltation. Sons at perfect age, and fathers declining, the ather should be as a ward to the son. Shakop. They'll be by th’ fire, and presume to know What's done i' th' capitol; who's like to rise, Who thrives, and who declines. Shakspeare,
To DECO'CT. v. a. [decoquo, decoctum, Latin.] 1. To prepare by boiling for any use; to digest in hot water. Sena loseth its windiness by decocting, and subtile or windy spirits are taken off by intension or evaporation. aloft. 3. To digest by the heat of the stomach. There she decocti, and doth the food prepare; There she distributes it to every vein; There she expels what she may fitly spare. Davies. 3. To boil in water, so as to draw the o or virtue of anything... . The longer malt or herbs are decocied in liquor, the clearer it is. Bacon. 4. To boil up to a consistence; to strengthen or invigorate by boiling: this is no proper use. Can sodden water, their barley broth, Decoct their cold blood to such valiant heat?Shak. Deco'crl B le. adj. [from decoct.] That may be boiled, or prepared by boiling.
DEco’c Tio N. n. 4. [decoctum, Lat.] 1. The act of boiling any thing, to extract its virtues. In infusion the longer it is, the greater is the art of the gross body that goeth into the liquor; [. in decoction though more goeth forth, yet it either purgeth at the top, or settleth at the bottom. Bacon. The lineaments of a white lily will remain after the strongest decoction. . Arbuthnot. 2. A preparation made by boiling in water. hey distil their husbands land In decoctions ; and are mann'd With ten emp'rics, in their chamber Lying for the spirit of amber. Ben Yonson. §. plant be boiled in water, the strained liquor is called the decoction of the plant. Arbuth, Deco'cru R E. m. s. [from decoct.] A substance drawn by decoction. Deco Ll A^T I os. n. 4. [decollatio, Latin.] The act of o -- - He, by a decollation of all hope, annihilated his mercy: this, by an immoderancy thereof, destroyed his justice. - Brozen. DEcoM Fo's IT E. adj. [decompositus, Lat.] Compounded a secondtime; compounded with things already composite. Drc ites of three metals, or more, are too long to inquire of, except there be some compositions of them already observed. a cool. D Eco M Pos I’T I os. m. s. [decompositus, Lat.] The act of compounding things already compounded. . - We consider what happens in the compositions and decompositions of saline particles. Boyle. To DECOMPOUND. v. a. [decompono, Latin.] 1. To compose of things already compounded; to compound a second time; to form by a second composition. Nature herself dothin the bowels of the earth make decompounded bodies; as we see in vitriol, cinnabar, and even in sulphur itself. Boyle. When a word stands for a very complex idea, that is compounded and decompounded, it is not easy for men to form and retain that idea *; coe. If the violet, blue, and green be intercepted, the remaining yellow, orange, and red, will com
sound upon the paper an orange; and then, if P WOL. I.
the intercepted colours be let pass, they will fan "Pon this compounded orange, and, together with it, decompound a white. cowton. 2. To resolve a compound into simple Parts. This is a sense that has of late crept irregularly into chymical books. Deco M Po'UND. adj. [from the verb.] Composed of things or words already compounded; compounded a Second time. The Pretended salts and sulphur are so far from being elementary parts extracted out of the body of mercury, that ... are rather, to borrow a term of the grammarians, made up of the whole metala or other
decompound bodies, nd the menstruum, additaments employed to disguise it." Boyle. Nobody should use any compound or decamPound of the substantial verbs. Arbuth. and Pope.
DE'co R AMENT. n.s.. [from decorate.] Ornament; embellishment. Dict. To DE'CORATE. v.a. [decoro, Lat.] To adorn; to embellish; to beautify. DEcoRA’rio N. m. s. [from decorate.] Ornament; embellishment; added beauty. The ensigns of virtues contribute to the ornal ment of figures; such as the decoration, belonging to the liberal arts, and to war. 1)ryden. This helm and heavy buckler I can spare, As only decorations of the war: So Mars is arm'd for glory, not for need. Dryd. Deco RA’roR. m. s. [from decorate.] An adorner; an embellisher. Dict. Deco'Rous, adj. [decorus, Lat.] Decent; suitable to a character; becoming; propor; befitting; seemly. It is not so doorous, in respect of God, that he should immediately do all the mean. and triflingest things himself, without any inieriour or subordinate minister. Ray. To DECO'RTICATE. v. a. [decortico, Lat.] To divest of the bark or husk ; to husk; to peel; to strip. Take great barley, dried and decorticated, after it is well wo, and boil it in water. - Arbuthnef. DEcoRTICA’tion. n. . [from dj. £ate. J The act of stripping the bark or husk. DECO'RUM. m. s. [Latin.] Decency; be. haviour contrary to licentiousness, contrary to levity; seemliness. . If your master wo have a queen his beggar, you must tell inn That majesty, to keep decorum, must No less beg than a kingdom. I am far from suspecting simplicit
bold to trespass in points of occoa. Wotton.
*entlemen of the army should be, at least, ologed to external decoruni, a profigate lif.; character should not be a means of advancement.