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To COMFORT. v. a. [comforto, low Latin. Salvia comfortat nervos. School. Sal.] - 1. To strengthen ; to enliven; to invigo" rate. w * The evidence of God's own testimony, added unto the natural assent of reason, concerning the certainty of them, doth not a little consort and confirm the same. ooker. Light excelleth in comforting the spirits of men; light varied doth the same effect, with more novelty. This is the cause why precious stones comfort. Bacon's Nat. History. Some of the abbots have been guilty of coforting and assisting the rebels. Ayliffe's Parcrg. 2. To console; to strengthen the mind under the pressure of calamity. They bemoaned him, and consorted him over i. the evil that the Lord had brought $. in. Co'M for T. n.s.. [from the verb.] 1. Support; assistance; countenance.

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Poynings made a wild chace upon the wild

Irish; where, in respect of the mountains and fastnesses, he did little good, which he would needs, impute unto the comfort that the rebels should receive underhand from the earl of Kildare. Bacon. The king did also appoint commissioners for the fining of all such as were of any value, and had any hand or partaking in the aid or comfort of Perkins, or the Cornishmen. Bacon. 2. Consolation ; support under calamity or danger. Her soul heaven's queen, whose name she bears, In confort of her mother’s fears, Hath plac'd among her virgin train. Ben fonson. As they have no apprehension of those things, so they need no confort against them. Tillotson. 3. That which gives consolation or support in calamity. I will keep her ignorant of her good, To make hor heav'nly consorts of despair When it is least expected. Shotspeare. Your children were vexation to your youth, Put use shall be a comfort to your age. Shaft.

We need not fear To so commodiously this life, sustain'd By him with many conferti; till we end In dust, our final rest and native home. Milin Co’M Fe R T a B L E. adj. [from comfort.] 1. Receiving comfort; susceptible of com. fort; cheerful : of persons. Not in use. For my sake be comfortable; hold death Awl,ile at the arm's &nd. Shaki My lord leans wond’rously to discontent; His cofortable temper has forsook him: He is much out of health. Shaks. Tisa. 2. Admitting comfort ; of condition. What can promise him a corofortable appen: ance before his dreadful judge f Sco. 3. Dispensing comfort; having the power of giving comfort. . He had no brother; which, though it be twofortable for kings to have, yet draweth the sojects eyes aside. Bacon's Henry VII The lives of many miserable men were are: and a comfortable provision made for their sosistence. Dryden’s Fab. Dedicatio, CoM'Fort ABLY.adv. from comfortal.] In a comfortable manner; with chter. fulness; without despair. Upon view of the sincerity of that perfor:ance, hope comfortally and cheerfully for Go: performance. Harrie. Co'M for TER. m. s...[from comfort.j 1. One that administers consolation in misfortunes; one that strengthens and supports the mind in misery or danger. This very prayer of Christ obtained angelo be sent him, as comforters in his agony. Ho The heav'ns have blest you with a goodly st To be a comforter when he is gone. Shałęr. Nineveh is laid waste, who will bemoan het' whence shall I seek comforters for thee: No. 2. The title of the Third Persou of the Holy Trinity. Co’M Fort less. adj. [from comfort] Wanting comfort; being without of thing to allay misfortune: used of per sons as well as things. Yet shall not my death be confortless, recoing it by your sentence. So, Where was a cave, yorought with wondro

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man. Shakspeare.

What are thy rents f what are thy comings-in? O ceremony, shew me but tly worth ! What is thy toll, O adoration? Shakspeare. CoM1 N G. participial adj.[from ... e. Fond ; forward; ready to come. Now will I be your Rosalind in a more o en disposition; and, ask me what you, will, will grant it. . Shakpeare. That very lapidary himself, with a, soming stomach, and in the cock's place, would have made the cock's choice. L'Estrange. That he had been so affectionate a husband, was no ill argument to the coming dowager. Dry. On morning wings, how active springs the mind How easy every labour it pursues, How coming to the poet ev'ry muse! Pope. 2. Future; yet to come. Praise of great acts he scatters, as a sced Which may the like in coming ages breed. Rott. £o Mi'r 1 A L.adj.[comitia, Lat. an assembly of the Romans.] Relating to the assemblies of the people of Rome. Go'Mrry. n.s.. [comitas, Lat.] Courtesy; civility; good-breeding. DictCo'M M A. n. 4. [***.] 1. The point which denotes the distinction of clauses, and order of construction, in the sentence ; marked thus §: coroas and points they set exactly right. Petz. 2. The ninth part of a tone, or the interval whereby a semitone or a perfect tone exceeds the imperfect teac. It is a VQL. I

to used only in theorical musick, to shew the exact proportious between concords. - Harris. To COMMA'ND. v. a. [commander, Fr. mando, Lat.] r. To govern; to give orders to ; to hold in subjection or obedience : correlative to obey. Look, this feather, Obeying with my wind when I do blow, And yielding to another when it blows, Commanded always by the greater gust; Such is the lightness of you common men. Soak. Christ could command legions of angels to his rescue. Decay of Piety, Should he, who was thy lord, command thae now, f With a harsh voice, and supercilious brow To servile duties. Dryden's Pert. St. 5. The queen commands, and we'll obey, Over the hills and far away. Old Song. 2. To order ; to direct to be done: contrary to prohibit. My oins bids me ask, wherefore you ave Commanded of me these most pois'nous compounds. Shakspeare. We will sacrifice to the Lord our God, as he shall command us. Axodus. Whatever hypocrites austerely talk Of purity, and place, and innocence; Defaming as impure what God declares Pure, and commands to some, leaves free to a Our maker bids increase: who bids abstain But our destroyer, foe to God and man? Asilton. 3. To have in power. If the strong cane support thy walking hand, Chairmen no longer sha o wall command. Gay. 4. To overlook ; to have so subject as that it may be seen or annoyed. Up to the Eastern tower, Whose height commands as subjects all the vale, To see the sight. Shakspear. His eye might there command wherever stood City, of old or modern fame, the seat Of mightiest empire. - Miłań. One side commund, a view of the finest garden in the world. Adition's Guardian. 5. To lead as a general. Those he command, move only in command, Nothing in love. . Shui speare's Macbeth. To Cox. MA'N D. v. n. To have the supreme authority ; to posses, the chief power; to govern. o Those two conrarding powers of the soul, the understanding and the will. South. Cox; MA's D. m. s. from the verb." 1. The right of commanding; power; supreme authority. It is used in Inlitary affairs, as magistracy or government in civil life: with over. Take pity of your town and of your people, While yet my soldiers are in ony & Joand. Shao. Wirtsightning fill her awful held, And nake the clouds seen aii at her cro- and .

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2. Cogent authority; despotism. Co-ord and force inay often create, but can never cure, an aversion; and whoever any one is brought to by compulsion, he will leave as soon as he can. JLo.ke on Ed....tic". 3. The act of commanding; the maida.: utter cd ; order given.

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Of this tree we may not taste nor touch; God so commanded, and left that cormond Soie daughter of his voice. Mist. Par. Lort. As there is no prohibition of it, so no command for it. Taylor. The captain gives commond; the joyful train Glide through the gloomy shade, and leave the main. Dryden. 4. The power of overlooking or surveying any place. The steepy stand, Which overlooks the vale with wide towmand. - Drydon's Aracid. CoMoMA's DER. m. s. [from command.] 1. He that has the supreme authority; a general; a leader ; a chief. We'll do thee homage, and be rul’d by thee; 1.Qe thee as our commander and our king. So...A. I have given him for a leader and co-order to the people. Isaiah. The Romans, when corronders in war, spake to their army, and styled them, My soldiers. Bacon's Ż; ophthooms. Charles, Henry, and Francis of France, orem adventured rather as soldiers than as commanders. layward. Sir Phelim O'Neil appeared as their cormanor in chief. . Clarendon. Supreme commander both of sea and land. Maller. The heroick action of some great commander, enterprised for the common good, and honour of the christian cause. Their great commanders, by credit in their annies, fell into the scales as a counterpoise to the people. - Soft. 2. A paving beetle, or a very great wooden mallet, with a handle about three foot long, to use in both hands. Moxon. 3. An instrument of o: The glossocomium, commonly called the comanonder, is of use in the most strong tough bodies, and where the luxation hath been of long continuance. Wieman's Surgery. CoMoMA'N DERY. m. s. [from command.] A body of the knights of Malta, be-, longing to the same nation. CoMMA'N DMENT. m. s. [commandement, French.] 1. Mandate; command; order; precept. They plainly require some special commendment for that which is exacted at their hands. - Hooker. Sayyou chose him more after our commandozat, Than guided by your own affections. Soak. By the . commandment by God given to Adam, to forbear to feed thereon, it pleased cod to make trial of his obedience. Raleigh. 2. Authority ; coactive power. I thought that all things had been savage here, And therefore put 1 on the countenance Ofstern commandoent. Shuks. As you like it. . By way of eminence, the precepts of the decalogue given by God to Moses. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, and the ten rvoazovents. Exod. CoMMA's DR Ess. n.s. [from commander.] A woman vested with supreme authority. To prescribe the order of doing in all things, is a peculiar prerogative, which wisdom bath, as queen or sovereign commandress, over all other virtues. Hocker. Be voucommandres: therefore, princess, queen Of all our forces, be thy word a law. Fairfax. Cox; MATE’R 1 A L. adj. [from con and materia.j Consisting of the same matter with another thing.

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the knowledge of God, and the knowledge of ourselves. Hale'. Origin of Mankind. Vain-glory is a principle I comm, no to no man. * - - - Decay of Piety. 2. To deliver up with confidence. To thee I do commend my watchful soul, Fre I let fall the windows of mine eyes: Sleeping and waking, O defend me still ! Shots. Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit. . - Luke. 3. To praise; to mention with approbation. Who is Sylvia? What is she, That all our swains coormend her 2 *:::: fair, and wise is she. Slakorore. Old men do most exceed in this point of folly; commending the days of their youth they scarce remembered,at least well understood not. Brown. - He loy'd my worthless rhymes; and, like a friend, Would find out something to commond. Cozzley. Historians commend A. for weeping when he read the actions of Achilles. Dryd. Pir. Each finding, like a friend, Something to blame, and something to commend. Pope. *4. To mention by way of keeping in memory; to recommend to remembrance. Signior Anthonic Commends him to you.—Ere I ope his letter, I pray you tell me how my good friend doth. Shakspeare. 5. To produce to favourable notice. The chorus was only to give the young ladies an occasion of entertaining the French king with vocal musick, and of commending their own voices. Dryden's Dufresnoy. 6. To send. These draw the chariot which Latinus sends, And the rich present to the prince commends. - Dryden. Com

CoMM E/N p.m. s. [from the verb.] mendation. Not in use. Tell her I send to her my kind commend, Take special caremy greetingsbedeliver'd. Shak. CoMM E/N D A B I. E. ad;. from commend.] Laudable; worthy of praise. Anciently accented on the first syllable. And power, unto itself most commendable, Hath not a tomb so evident, as a chair To extol what it hath done. †: Order and decent ceremonies in the church, are not only comely, but commendable. Baron. Many heroes, and most worthy persons, being sufficiently commendable from true and unquestionable merit, have received advancement from falsehood. Brown's Houlg. Errours. Britannia is not drawn, like other countries, in a soft peaceful posture; but is adorned with emblems that mark out the military genius of her inhabitants. This is, I think, the only conmendable quality that the old poets have touched upon in the description of our country. Addison. CoMM E/N D A BLY. adv. [from commendaAble.] Laudably ; in a manner worthy of commendation. Of preacher; the shire holdeth a number, all ceramendably labouring in their vocation. Carew. COMME'_NDAM. Urammenda, low Lat.] A benešice, which, being void, is commended to the charge and care of some sufficietnt clerk, to be supplied until it be conveniently provided of a pastor. Coovell. To had been once mentioned to him, that his

[. should be made, if he would resign his ishoprick, and deanry of Westminster; for he had that in cozontendan. Clarendon. Cox' Mo'N D A 1 ARY. m. s. [from commerdam..] One who holds a living in com" mendam. CoMMENDA’s ros. r. s. [from commend.] 1. Recommendation ; favourable representation. . . " This jewel and my gold are yours, provided have your commendation for my more tree entertainment. Shai poor. Cymbelief. The choice of them should be by the commendetion of the great officers of the kingdom. Bacon2. Praise; d. claration of esteer. His fame would not get so sweet and noble anair to fly in as in your breath, so could not you find a fitter subject of corozendation. Sidney. 3. Ground of prai c. Good-nature is the most godlike commendation of a man. Dryin's juvenal, Dedication4. Message of love. Mrs. Page has her hearty commendations to you too. | Shakspears, - Hark you, Margaret, . No princely commotion, to my king!— ” —Such commonditions as becom; 2. maid, A virgin, and his servant, say to him. Shak. CoMME's D A to R Y. adj. [from commond ) Favourably representative ; containing praise. - It doth much add to a man's reputation, and is like perpetual letters commenditory, to have good forms; to attain them, it almost sufficeth not to despise them. Bacon's Essay. We bestow the flourish of poetry on those commendatory conceits which popularly set forth the eminency of this creature. Brown. If I can think that neither he nor you despise me, it is a greater honour to me, by far, than if all the house of lords writ commendatory verses upon me. Pope. CoMME'N DER. m. s. [from commena. } Praiser. Such a concurrence cf two extremes, by most of the some correnders and dispro, ers. Jovtson. Cox Mess A'i. Y.:... If, on comersalis, Lat.] Fellowship of table; the custon of eating together. They being enjoined and prohibited certain foods,thereby to avoid community with the Gentiles, upon promiscuous common-cliy. Brown. CoMMENst R A E 171. It Y. m. s. [from commensurable. Capacity of being compared with another, as to the measure ; or of being measured by another. Thus an inch and a yard are commensurable, a yard containing a certain number of inches; the diameter and circumference of a circle are incommensurable, not being reduceable to any common measure. Proportion. Some place the cssence thereof in the proportion of parts, conceiving it to consist in a corney common-uralility of the whole unto the patts, and the parts between themselves. rown. Cori Mo'N's URA B L E. ad;. Leon and mensura, Latin.] Reducible to s me common measure : as a yard and a foot are measured by an inch. CoMM - 'N SURAB L *.N Ess. n. r. [from commensurable.] Commensurability; pro

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There is no commensuraśl ner, between this •bject and a created understanding, yet there is a congruity and connaturality. Hale. To COMMENSURATE. v. a. [con and mensura, Lat.] To reduce to some comIn on incasure. That division is not natural, but artificial, and by agreement, as the aptest terms to co-manurate the longitude of places. Brown. CoMME'Nsu RAt E. adj. (from the verb.] 1. Reducible to some common measure. They permitted no intelligence between them, other than bythe mediation of some organ equaliy *memoratetosoul and body. Gov. of the Tonguá. 2. Equal; proportionable to each other. ls our knowledge adequately eammensurate with the nature of things? Glanville. Those who are persuaded that they shall con...tinue for ever, cannot chuse but aspire after a happiness commentarate to their duration. Tillot. othing commentorate to the desires of human nature, on which it could fix as its ultimate end, without being carried on with any farther desire. Æogers' Sermons. Matter and gravity are always owmeniurate. - Bentley, SoMME'Nsu RAt Ely. adv. [from com. mensurate.] With the capacity of measuring, or being measured, by some other thing. We are constrained to make the day serve to measure the year as well as we can, though not “”.ensurately to each year; but by collecting , the fraction of days in several years, till they amount to an even day. older on Time. SoMM EN so RA^T I ox. m.s. (from commenrurate.] Proportion; reduction of some things to some common measure. A body over great, or over small, will not be thrown so far as a body of a middle size; so that, it seemeth, there must be a commemoir to: or proportion between the body moved and the force, to make it move well. Bacon's Not. Hist. All fitness lies in a particular contriensuration, or proportion, of one thing to another. South. . To CO'MMENT. v. n. I commentor, Lat. I 1. To annotate; to write notes upon an author; to expound; to explain : with upon before the thing explained. Such are thy secrets, which my life makes good, And comments on thee; for in ev'rything Thy words do find me out, and parallels bring, And in another make me understand. Herior. Criticks having first taken a liking to one of these Poets, proceed to comment on him, and illustrate him. Pryon's juvenal, Delication. They have contented themselves only to con**nt upoo those texts, and make the best copies

they could after those originals. Temple. Indeed I hate that any man should be idle, while I must translate and comment. Pope.

2. To inake remarks; to make observa-
tions. - - - -
Enter his chamber, view his lifeless corps,

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Co'MMENT. m. s. [from the verb.]
1. Annotations on an author; notes; ex-
planation ; exposition; remarks.
Adam came into the world a philosopher,
*hich appeared by his writing the nature of
things upon their names: he coold view essences
in themselves, and read forms without the cam-
ment of their respective properties, Sowto.
ll the volumes of Fhilosophy,
With all their current, never could invent
So politick an instrument. Prior.

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