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Or that Melampus (so have some assur'd) When the mad Praetides with charms he cur'd, And pow'rful herbs, both charms and simples cast Into the sober spring, where still their virtues list. Dryden's Fables. ABst E'M Iously. adv. [from absternious.] Temperately; soberly; without indulgtnce. AB st k"M Ious N Ess. m. s. [See AbsteM. ious...] The quality of being abstemious. w AB stE’NT 1 on. m. s. [from abstineo, Lat.] The act of holding off, or restraining ; restraint. Dict. To ABSTE’RGE. v. a. s.abstergo, Lat.] To cleanse by wiping ; to wipe. Abste'RG ENT. adj. Cleansing; having a cleansing quality. To ABs re/Rse. See Abst ERGE.] To cleanse; to purify: a word very little in use, and less analogical than absterge. Nor will we affirm, that iron receiveth, in the stomach of the ostrich, no alteration; but we suspect this effect rather from corrosion than digestion; not any tendence to chilification by the natural heat, but rather some attrition from an acid and vitriclous humidity in the stomach, which may absterse and shave the scorious parts thereof. Brown's Pulgar Errour. ABs. E.'Rs 1 on. m. s. Labsterio, Lat] The act of cleansing. See Absor E R G E. Abstersion is plainly a scouring off, or incision of the more viscous humours, and making the humours more fluid, and cutting between them and the part; as is found in nitrous water, which scoureth linen cloth speedily from the foulness. Bacon's Nat. Hist. ABs. E'Rs 1 v E. adj. [from absterge.] That has the quality of absterging or cleansing. - It is good, after purging, to use apozemes and broths, not so much opening as those used before purging; but tortersive and mundifying clysters also are good to conclude with, to draw away the reliques of the humours. Bacca's Nat. Hist. A tablet stood of that absterrive tree, Where Æthiop's swarthy bird did build to nest. Sir j. Denham. There many a flow'r abstertive grew, Thy favorite flow’rs of yellow hue. Swift's Mis. 'B's r s N E N C E. - #:::::::::: n. . [abstinentia, Lat.] 1. Forbearance of any thing : with the particle from. Were our rewards for the abstinencier, or riots, of this present life, under the prejudices of short or finite, the promises and threats of Christ would lose much of their virtue and energy. Hammond's Fundamentals. Because the abstinence from a present pleasure, that offers itself, is a pain, nay, oftentimes a very great one; it is no wonder that that operates after the same manner pain does, and lessens, in our thoughts, what is future; and so forces us, as it were, blindfold into its embraces. Locke. 2. Fasting, or forbearance of necessary food. It is generally distinguished from temperance, as the greater degree from the less: sometimes as single perform

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ances from habits; as, a day of abstimence, and a life of temperance. Say, can you fast? your stomachsaretoo young, nd abstinence ingenders maladies. Shaki. And the faces of them, which have used alstinence, shall shine above the stars; whereas our faces shall be blacker than darkness. 2 Esdras. Religious men, who hither must be sent As awful guides of heavenly government; To teach you penance, fasts, and abstinence, To punish bodies for the soul's offence. Ilryden. A/Bs1 IN EN T. adj. [abstinens, Lat..] That uses abstinence, in opposition to co

vetous, rapacious, or luxurious. It is used chiefly of persons. AB sto'RT Ed. ad;. Labstortus, Lat.]

Forced away; wrung from another by violence. Dict. To ABSTRA'CT. v. a. s. aštraho, Lat.] 1. To take one thing from another. Could we abstract from these pernicious effects, and suppose this were innocent, it would be too light to be matter of praise. Decay of Piety. 2. To separate by distislation. Having dephlegmed spirit of salt, and gently abstracted the whole spirit, there remaineth in the retort a styptical substance. Boyle. 3. To separate ideas. Those who cannot distinguish, compare, and abstract, would hardly be able to understand and make use of language, or judge or reason to any tolerable degree. Locke. 4. To reduce to an epitome. If we would fix in the memory the discourses we hear, or what we design to speak, let us abstract them into brief compends, and review them often. Watts' Improvement of the Mino. A'B's T R Act. ad;. Labstractus, Lat. See To A B's T R Act.] 1. Separated from something else : generally used with relation to mental perceptions; as, abstract mathematics, abstract terms, in opposition to concrete. Mathematics, in its latitude, is usually divided into pure and mixed. And though the pure do handle only abstract quantity in general, as geometry, arithmetic; yet that which is mixed doth consider the quantity of some particular determinate subject. So astronomy handles the quantity of heavenly motions, music of sounds, and mechanics of weights and powers. Hoskins’ Mathematical Magi-A. Abstract terms signify the mode or quality of a being, without any regard to the subject in which it is: as whiteness, roundness, length, breadth, wisdom, morality, life, death. Hortes. 2. With the particle from. Another fruit from the considering things in themselves abstract from our opinions and other men's notions and discourses on them, will be, that each man will pursue his thoughts in that method, which will be most agreeable to the nature of the thing, and to his apprehension of what it suggests to him. Locłe. A'B's TRAct. n. 3. [from the verb.] 1. A smaller quantity, containing the virtue or power of a greater. You shall there find a man who is the abst,---f

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Ifrom are false, these epithets are small;

You're then the things, and abstract of them all.

Dryden's Aur. 2. An epitome made by taking out the principal parts. When Mnemon came to the end of a chapter, he recollected the sentiments he had remarked: so that is could give a tolerable analysis and alstro. of every treatise he had read, just after he had fished it. Watts' Improvement of the Mind. 3. The state of being abstracted or disjoined. The hearts of great princes, if they be considero, as it were, in abstract, without the necessity of states, and circumstances of time, can take no tui and proportional pleasure in the exercise of any narrow bounty. Hootton. Afs, RA’ct Ed. part. adj. [from abstract.] I. Separated ; disjoined. That space the evil one abstracted stood From his own evil, and for the time remain'd

Stupidly good. Milton. 1. Refined; purified. Altreeted spiritual love, they like Their souls exhal’d. Donne.

3. Abstruse; disficult.

4 Absent of mind; inattentive to present objects; as, an abstracted scholar.

Anot k act Ed Lv. adv. With abstraction; simply ; separately from all contingent circumstances.

Or whether more abstractefly we look,

Qr on the writers, or the written book;

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Abstr 'cTF p. part. adj. Lat.] Unbound. - Diet. To Absor R1'N G E. v. a. To unbind. Dict. To ABSTRU'DE. v. a. Labstrado, Lat.] , To thrust off, or pull away. Dict. Abst Ru's E. adj. [abstrusus, Lat. thrust out of sight.] 1. Hidden. Th’ eternal eye, whose sight discerns Abstrosest thoughts, from forth his holy mount, And from within the golden lamps that burn Nightly before him, saw, without their light, Rebellion rising. Milton's Paradise Lost. Difficult; remote from conception or apprehension. It is opposed to obvious and easy. Sosnake our sire,andby his countenanceseem'd Ent’ring on studious thoughts aboruse. Par. Lott. The motions and figures within the mouth are



abstruse, and not easy to be distinguished; espe: .

cially those of the tongue, which is moved through the help of many muscles, so easily, and habitually, and variously, that we are scarce able to give a judgment of motions and figures thereby framed. * Holder.

No man could give a rule of the greatest beau

ties, and the knowledge of them was so abstro,

that there was no manner of speaking which could express them. I}ryden's Dufresnoy. Abst RU's ELY. adv. In an abstruse, manner; obscurely; not plainly, orobviously. ABS rRU’s E N Ess. n. ... [from abstruse.] The quality of being abstruse; difficulty; obscurity. It is not oftentimes so much what the scripture says, as what some men persuade others it says, that makes it seem obscure; and that as to some other passages, that are so indeed, since it is the abstrate.eir of what is taught in thern that makes them almost inevitably so, it is little less saucy, upon such a score, to find fault with the style of the scripture, than to do so with the author for making us but men. Boyle. Abst RU’s Iry. n.s. from abstruse.] 1. Abstruseness. 2. That which is abstruse. dom used. Authors are also suspicious, nor greedily to be swallowed, who pretend to write of secrets, to deliver airipathics, sympathies, and the occult abstrusities of things, Brown's Pulger Erroart. To A B su’M F. v. a. [absumo, Lat..] To bring to an end by a gradual waste; to eat up. An uncommon word. That which had been burning an infinite time could never be burnt, no not so much as any part of it; for if it had burned part after part, the whole must needs be absumed in a portion of time. Hale's Origin of Mankind. ABSURD, adj. [at furdus, Lat. 1. Unreasonable; without judgment: as used of men. Seeming wise men may make shift to get opknion; but let no man chuse them for employment; for certainly you had better take for business a man somewhat absurd than over formal. Bacan. A man, who cannot write with wit on a proper subject, is dull and stupid; but one, whe shews it in an improper place, is as impertinent and absurd, Addison's Spectator;

A word sel


2. Inconsistent; contrary to reason: used

of sentiments or practices.
The thing itself appeared desirable to him,
and accordingly he could not but like and desire
it; but then, it was after a very irrational absurd
way, and contrary to all the methods and prin-
ciples of a rational agent; which never wills a
thing really and properly, but it applies to the

means by which it is to be acquired. *South. But grant that those can conquer, these can cheat,

Tis phrase absurd to call a villain great: Who wickedly is wise, or madly brave, . . Is but the more a fool, the more a knave. Pope. ABSU'RD IT Y. m. s. [from absurd.] 1. The quality of being absurd ; want of judgment, applied to men ; want of propriety, applied to things. How clear soever this idea of the infinity of number be, there is nothing more evident than the absurdity of the actual idea of an infinite number. Locke.

2. That which is absurd ; as, his travels

were full of absurdities. In which sense

it has a plural. That satisfaction we receive from the opinion of some pre-eminence in ourselves, when we see the abourdities of another, or when we reflect on any past absurdities of our own. Addison. Absu'RDLY.adv.[from absurd. Afteran absurd manner; improperly; unreasonably. But man we find the only creature, Who, led by folly, combats nature; Who, when she loudly cries, Forbear, With obstimacy fixes there; And where his genius least inclines, Abourdly bends his whole designs. Swift's Misce!. We may proceed yet further with the atheist, and convince him, that not only his principle is absurd, but his consequences also as absurdly deduced from it. Bentley's Sermor. Absu'RDN Ess. n. . [from absurd.] The quality of being absurd ; injudiciousness; impropriety. See Absu RD ITY, which is more frequently used. ABU’N DAN cf. m. s. sabondance, Fr.] 1. Plenty: a sense chiefly poetical. At the whisper of thy word, Crown'd abundance spreads my board. Crashaw. The doubled charge his subjects' love supplies, Who, in that bounty, to themselves are kind; So glad Egyptians see their Nilus rise, And, in his plenty, their abundance find. Dryd. 2. Great numbers. The river Inn is shut up between mountains, covered with woods of fir-trees. Abundance of peasants are employed in hewing down the largest of these trees, that, after they are barked and cut into shape, are tumbled down. Addison. 3. A great quantity. . . . . Their chief enterprize was the recovery of the Holy Land; in which worthy, but extremely difficult, action, it is lamentable to remember what abundance of noble blood hath been shed, ... with very small benefit unto the christian state. - Ruleigh's Essays. 4. Exuberance; more than enough. For well I wot, most mighty sovereign, That all this famous antique history, . Of some, th’ abundance of an idle brain

Will Judged be, and painted forgery. Spenstr.

ABU'N D.A.N.T. adj. [abundanj, Lat.] I. Plentiful. - Good, the more Communicated, more abundant grows; The author not impair'd, but honour'd more. Paradise Lost. 2. Exuberant. If the vessels are in a state of too great rigidity, so as not to yield, a strong projectile motion occasions their rupture, and o: especially in the lungs, where the blood is abundant. Arbuthnot on Aliments. 3. Fully stored. It is followed sometimes by in, commonly by suith. . The world began but some ages before these - were found out, and was abundant with all things ... at-first; and men not very numerous; and therefore were not put so much to the use of their " wits, to find out ways for living commodiously. - Burnet. 4. It is applied generally to things, sometimes to persons. The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering and abundant in goodness and truth. Exodus. ABU’s DANT I.Y. adv. [from abundant.j 1. In plenty. Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life. Genesis. God on thee Abundantly his gifts hath also pour'd; Inward and outward both, his image fair. Paradise Lost. 2. Amply ; liberally; more than sufficiently. Ye saw the French tongue abundantly purified. Sprat. Heroic poetry has ever been esteemed the eatest work of human nature. In that rank as Aristotle placed it; and Longinus is so full of the like expressions, that he abundantly confirms the other's testimony. 19nyden. What the example of our equals wants of authority, is abundantly supplied in the imaginations of friendship, and the repeated influences of a constant conversation, Rogers' Sermons. To ABUSE. v. a. sabutor, abusuf, Lat.) In abuse, the verb, has the sound of 2: ; in the noun, the common sound. 1. To make an ill use of. They that use this world, as not abusing it; for the fashion of this world passeth away. 1 Cor. He has fixed and determined the time for our repentance, beyond which he will no longer await the perverseness of men, no longer suffer his compassion to be abused. Rogers' Sermons. 2. To violate ; to defile. Arachne figured how Jove did abuse , Europa like a bull, and on his back Her through the sea did bear. Spenser. 3. To deceive ; to impose upon. ~ * - He perhaps, - . Out of my weakness and my melancholy, As he is very potent with such spirits, Alouses me to damn me. Sooferr-. The world hath been much abused by the opinion of making gold; the work itself I judge to be possible; but the means hitherto propounded are, in the practice, full of error. Bacon's Naturaz fristory.

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pass for good, and good for evil, in all the great concerns of life. Soutb's Sermoil. Nor be with all these tempting words abus’d; These tempting words were all to Sappho us'd. Pope. 4. To treat with rudeness; to reproach. I am no strumpet, but of life as honest As you that thus abuse me. Shakspeare. But he mocked them, and laughed at them, and abused them shamefully, and spake proudly. 1 Mac. Some praise at morning what they blame at

night, But always think the last opinion right. A muse by these is like a mistress us'd; This hour she's idoliz'd, the next abus’d. Pope's Essay on Criticism. The next criticism seems to be introduced for no other reason, but to mention Mr. Bickerstaff, whom the author every where endeavours to imitate and abuse. - Addison. Aerose. n.s.. [from the verb abuse.] 1. The ill use of any thing. o The casting away things profitable for the sustenance of man's life, is an unthankful abuse of the fruits of God's good providence towards mankind. - - Hocker. Little knows Amy, but God alone, to value right The good before him, but perverts best things To worst abuse, or to their meanest use. Paradire Lort. 3. A corrupt practice; a bad custom. The nature of things is such, that, if aluses be not remedied, they will certainly increase. Szwift for Advancement of Religion. 3. Seducement. Was it not enough for him to have deceived me, and through the deceit abused me, and after the abuse forsaken me, but that he must now, of all the company, and before all the company, lay want of beauty to my charge 2 Sidney. 4. Unjust censure; rude reproach; contumely. I dark in light, expos'd To daily fraud, contempt, abuse, and wrong. Milton's Samson Agonistes. Abu's ER. n.s. (from the verb abuse.] 1. He that makes an ill use. 2. He that deceives. Next thou, the abuser of thy prince's ear. enham's Sophy. 3. He that reproaches with rudeness. 4. A ravisher; a violater. Abu'sive. adj. [from abuse.] 1. Practising abuse. The tongue mov’d gently first, and speech was low, Till wrangling science taught it noise and show, And wicked wit arose, thy most abusive foe. Pope's Missel. Dame Nature, as the learned show, Provides each animal its foe; Hounds humt the harc, the wily fox Devours your geese, the wolf your flocks. Thus envy pleads a natural claim To persecute the muse's fame; 9n poets in all times abutive, Frvin Homer down to Pope inclusive. Swift,

2. Containing abuse; as, an abusive lam"N", comes } ext, Comedy appear'd with great applause, Till her |. Too tongue pplause, Waken'd the magistrate's coercive power. - Æoscomman. 3. Deceitful: a sense little used, yet not improper. It is verified by a Number of examples, that whatsoever is gained by an abusive treaty, ought to be restored in integrum. BaconABU’s 1 v ELY. adv. [from abuse: 1. Improperly; by a wrong use. . . The oil, abusively called spirit of roses, swims at the top of the water, in the form of a white butter; which I remember not to have observed in any other oil drawn in any limbeck. - - Boyle's Scoptical Chymist. 2. Reproachfully. ABU’s 1 v EN Ess. n. . [from abuse.] The quality of being abusive ; foulness of language. Pick out of mirth, like stones out of thy ground, Profaneness, filthiness, abusiveness. These are the scum with which coarse wits abound: The fine may spare these well, yet not go less. Herbert. To ABUT. v. n. obsolete. [aboutir, to touch at the end, Fr.] To end at ; to border upon ; to meet, or approach to, with the particle upon. Two mighty monarchies, Whose high upreared and abutting fronts The narrow perilous ocean parts asunder. Shahr. The looes are two several corporations, distinguished by the addition of east and west, abusting upon a navigable creek, and joined by a fair bridge of many arches. Carew. A BU’T MENT. n. 3. [from abut. That which abuts, or borders upon another. ABU’TT A L. m. s. [from abut..] The butting or boundaries of any land. A writing declaring on what lands, highways, or other places, it does abut. Dict. ABY’s M. n.s.. [abysme, old Fr. now written contractedly abime.] A gulf; the same with abyss. My good stars, that were my former guides, Have empty left their orbs, and shot their fires Into the alysm of hell. Shakop. Ant. and CloABY'ss. n. 4. [abyssus, Latin; &Svz. 3", bottomless.] 1. A depth without bottom. Who shall tempt with wand'ring feet The dark, unbottom'd, infinite abyss, And, through the Kalpa; obscure, find out This uncouth way? Milton's Paradio Lost; Thy throne is darkness in th' alyss of light, A blaze of glory that forbids the sight; O teach me to believe thee thus conceal’d, And search no further than thyself reveal’d'

ry Jove was not more pleas'd With infant nature, when his spacious hand Had rounded this huge ball of earth and seas To give it the first push, and see it r Along the vast abyss. Addison's Guardio2. A great depth; a gulph; byperbolically

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3. In a figurative sense, that in which any

thing is lost. For sepulchres themselves must crumbling fall In time's abyss, the common grave of all. I), yo. If, discovering how far we have clear and distinct ideas, we confine our thoughts within the contemplation of those things that are within the reach of our understandings, and launch not out into that abyss of darkness, out of a presumption that nothing is beyond our comprehension. t - 1.ocke. 4. The body of waters supposed at the - centre of the earth. We are here to consider what is generally understood by the great abyss, in the common explication of the deluge; and 'tis commonly interpreted either to be the sea, or subterraneous waters hid in the bowels of the earth. Burnet. 5. In the language of divines, hell. From that insatiable alyst, Where flames devour, and serpents hiss, Promote me to thy seat of bliss. Roscommon. Ac, AR, or A KE, being initials in the names of places, as Acton, signify an oak, from the Saxon ac, an oak. ACACIA. a. s. [Lat.] 1. A drug brought from Egypt, which, being supposed the inspissated juice of a tree, is imitated by the juice of sloes, boiled to the same consistence. Dictionnaire de Comm. Savary. Trevoux. 2. A tree commonly so called here, though different from that which produces the true acacia ; and therefore termed pseudocacia, or Wirginian acacia. Miller. AcAD E/M.I.A.L. adj. [from academy..] Relating to an academy ; belonging to an academy. Acade'Mi AN. m. . [from academy. A scholar of an academy or university; a member of an university. Hood, in his Athena Oxonienses, mentions a great feast made for the academians. Acad E’M ic A. L. adj. [academicus, Lat.]. Belonging to an university. He drew him first into the fatal circle, from a kind of resolved privateness; where, after the academical life, he had taken such a taste of the rural, as I have heard him say, that he could well have bent his mind to a retired course. - Wottom. AcAD EMI/cI A N. m. s. [academicien, Fr.] The member of an academy. It is generally used in speaking of the professors in the academies of France. AcA de'Mic K. m. s. [from academy..] A student of an wo: A young academic shall dwell upon a journal that treats of trade and be lavish in the praise of the author; while persons skilled in those subjects hear the tattle with contempt. Watts. AcA DE'Mick. adj. [academicus, Lat.] Relating to an university. While through poetic scenes the genius roves, - Or wanders wild in academic groves. Pope. A'cADEMIST. n. 4, Lírom academy.] The

member of an academy. This is not often used. It is observed by the Parisian academits, that some amphibious quadrupeds, particularly the sea-calf or seal, hath his epiglottis extraordinarily large. Ray on the Greation. ACADEMY. m. s. sanciently, and properly, with the accent on the first sylla. ble, now frequently on the second. Azadoua, Lat. from Academus of Athens, whose house was turned into a school, from whom the Groves of Academe in Milton.] I. An assembly or society of men, uniting for the promotion of some art. Qur court shall be a little academy, Still and contemplative in living arts. Shop. 2. The place where sciences are taught. Amongst the academier, which were composed by the rare genius of those great men, these four are reckoned as the principal: namely, the Athenian school, that of Sicyon, that of Rhodes, and that of Corinth. Dryden's Dufresnoy. 3. An university. 4. A place of education, in contradistinction to the universities or public schools. The thing, and therefore the name, is modern. ACA'N THUS. m. s. [Lat.] The name of the herb bears-breech, remarkable for being the model of the foliage on the Corinthian chapiter. On either side Acanthus, and each od’rous bushy shrub, Fenc'd up the verdant wail. A-silic". AcAt Al Ecotic. m. s. [&zzrox+...×3.} A verse which has the complete number of syllables, without defect or superfluity. To ACCEDE. v. m. [accedo, Lat.] To be added to ; to come to : generally used in political accounts; as, another power has acceded to the treaty ; that is, has become a party. To ACCE'LERATE. v. a. s.accelero, Lat.] 1. To make quick ; to hasten : to quicken motion; to give a continual impulse to motion, so as perpetually to increase. Take new beer, and put in some quantity of stale beer into it; and see whether it will not accelerate the clarification, by opening the body of the beer, whereby the grosser parts may fall down into lecs. Bacon's Narz. HistBy a skilful application of those notices, may be gained the accelerating and bettering of fruits, and the emptying of mines, at much more easy rates than by the common methods. GA.; revil?-If the rays endeavour to recede from the densest part of the vibration, they may be alternately accelerated and retarded by the vibrations overtaking them. Newton’s Offices. Spices quicken the pulse, and accesseroze the motion of the blood, and dissipate the fictids; from whence leanness, pains in the stornach, ioatbings, and fevers, Arèutlinot an Zi orwears. Lo! from the dread immensity of space Returning, with accelerated course, The rushing comet to the sun descends 2Too-sor.

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