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have the keeping of the acts of court remain frith

*These particles have not only a vis inertie,




Such an Herculean actor in the scene, accompanied with such passive laws of motion as naturally result from that force, but also they And not this hydra? They must sweat no less are moved by certain active principles, such as is To fit their properties, than t'express their parts. that of gravity, and that which causes fermenta

Ben Jonson. rion, and the cohesion of bodies. Newton. When a good actor doth his part present, 2. That which acts, opposed to passive, or

In every act he our attention draws, that which suffers.

That at the last he may find just applause. Denham.

These false beauties of the stage are no more
-When an even flame two hearts did touch,
His office was indulgently to fit

lasting than a rainbow ; when the actor ceases Actives to passives, correspondency

to shine upon them, they vanish in a twinkling. Only his subject was.


Dryden's Spanish Friar. If you think that, by multiplying the addi- ACTRESS. n. s. [actrice, Fr.] taments in the same proportion that you multi

1. She that performs any thing: ply the ore, the work will follow, you may be Virgil has, indeed, admitted Fame as an deceived: for quantity in the passive will add actress in the neid; but the part she acts is more resistance than the quantity in the active very short, and none of the most admired cirwill add force.


cumstances of that divine work. Addison. 3. Busy; engaged in action : opposed to

We sprights have just such natures idle or sedentary, or any state of which

We had, for all the world, when human creatures;

And therefore I, that was an actress here, the duties are performed only by the

Play all my tricks in hell, a goblin there. Dryden. mental powers:

2. A woman that plays on the stage. "I'is virtuous action that must praise bring forth, Without which, slow advice is little worth;

A'CTUAL. adj. [actuel, Fr.] Yet they who give good counsel, praise deserve,

1. That comprises action. Tho'in the active part they cannot serve. Denham. In this slumbry agitation, besides her walking 4. Practical ; not merely theoretical.

and other actual performances, what, at any time, The world hath had in these men fresh expe

heard her say?

Shakspeart. rience, how dangerous such active errors are.

2. Really in act; not merely potential. Hooker.

Sin, there in pow'r before 15. Nimble ; agile ; quick.

Once actual ; now in body, and to dwell
Habitual habitant."

Some bend the stubborn bow for victory;
And some with darts their active sinewstry. Dryd. 3. In act ; not purely in speculation.
6. In grammar.

For he that but conceives a crime in thought,
A verb active is that which signifies action; as,

Contracts the danger of an actual fault:
I teach.
Clarke's Latin Grammar.

Then what must he expect, that still proceeds
A'ctively, adv. [from active.] In an

To finish sin, and work up thoughts to deeds,

Dryden. active manner; busily ; nimbly. In an

ACTUA’LIT Y. 1. s. [from actual.] The active signification; as, the word is used

state of being actual. actively.

The actuality of these spiritual qualities is thus A'CTIVENESS. n. s. [from active.] The imprisoned, though their potentiality be not quite quality of being active ; quickness;

destroyed; and thus a crass, extended, impenenimbleness. This is a word more rarely

trable, passive, divisible, unintelligent substance used than activils.

is generated, which we call matter. What strange agility and activeness do our

A'CTUALLY. adv. [from actual.] In ac common tumblers and dancers on the rope attain

in effect ; really to, by continual exercise. Wilkins' Math. Mag. All mankind acknowledge themselves able and Activity. 1. 5. [from active.] The

* sufficient to do many things, which actually they

never do. quality of being active : applied either to things or persons,

Read one of the Chronicles, and you will think Salt put to ice, as in the producing of the ar

you were reading a history of the kings of Israel

or Judah, where the historians were actually in. tificial ice, increaseth the activity of cold. Bacon. Our adversary will not bc idle, though we are;

spired, and where, by a particular scheme of he watches every turn of our soul, and incident

providence, the kings were distinguished by of our life: and, if we remit our activity, will

judgments or blessings, according as they promotake advantage of our indolence. Rogers.

ted idolatry, or the worship of the true God. ACTOR, 1. s. [actor, Lat.)

Though our temporal prospects should be full 1. He that acts or performs any thing. of danger, or though the days of sorrow should

The virtues of either age may correct the de actually overtake us, yet still we must reposc fects of both; and good for succession, that young

ourselves on God.

Rogers men may be learners, while men in age are A'CTUALNESS. n. s. [from actual.] The actors.

He who writes an Encomium Neronis, if he ACTUARY. n. s. (actuarius, Lat.] The

quality of being actual.
does it heartily, is himself but a transcript of
Nero in his mind, and would gladly enough see

register who compiles the minutes of such pranks, as he was famous for, acted again, the proceedings of a court : a term of though he dares not be the actor of them himself. the civil law.

South. 2. He that personates a character; a stage

Suppose the judge should say, that he would player.

hiin, and the notary will have the custodỹ of

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ing sin.

thern with bimself: certainly, in this case, the 4. Acute disease. Any disease, which is actuary or writer of them ought to be preferred. attended with an increased velocity of

Ayliffe. TO ACTUATE. v. a. [from ago, actum,

blood, and terminates in a few days : Lat.) To put into action; to invigo

opposed to chronical.

Quinct. rate or increase the powers of motion.

S. Acute accent; that which raises or The light made by this animal depends upon a

sharpens the voice. living spirit, and seems, by some vital irradiation, ACUẤTELY. adv. [from acute.] After an to be actuated into this lustre.

Brown. acute manner; sharply: it is used as Such is every man, who has not actuated the well in the figurative as primitive sense. grace given him, to the subduing of every reign He that will look into many parts of Asia and

Decay of Piety. America, will find men reason there, perhaps, Men of the greatest abilities are most fired as acutely as himself, who yet never heard of a with ambition; and, on the contrary, mean and syllogismn.

Locke, narrow minds are the least actuated by it. Addison. Act'TENESS. n. s. [from acute.]

Our passions are the springs which actuate the powers of our nature.

1. Sharpness.

Rogers. A'CTUATE. adj. [from the verb. ) Put into

2. Force of intellects. action; animated; brought into effect.

They would not be so apt to think, that there

could be nothing added to the acuteness and peThe active informations of the intellect, filling netration of their understandings. Locker the passive reception of the will

, like form closing with matter, grew actuate into a third

3. Quickness and vigour of senses. and distinct perfection of practice. South.

If eyes so framed could not view at once the ACTUO'sE. adj.

hand and the hour-plate, their owner could not [from act.] That has

be benefited by that acuteness ; which, whilst it strong powers of action : a word little discovered the secret contrivance of the machine, used.

made him lose its use.

Locke. TO ACUATE. v. a. (acuo, Lat.] To 4. Violence and speedy crisis of a malady. sharpen; to invigorate with any powers

We apply present remedies according to indiof sharpness.

cations, respecting rather the acuteness of the Immoderate feeding upon powdered beef,

disease, and precipitancy of the occasion, than pickled meats, and debauching with strong wines,

the rising and setting of stars.

Brown. do inflame and acuate the blood, whereby it is 5. Sharpness of sound. capacitated to corrode the lungs,

This acuteness of sound will shew, that whilst, Harvey on Consumptions. to the eye, the bell seems to be at rest, yet the ACU'LEATE, adj. [aculeatus, Lat.] That

minute parts of it continue in a very brisk mo. has a point or sting ; prickly ; that

tion, without which they could not strike the air.

Boyle. terminates in a sharp point.

ADA'CTED. part. adj. [adactus, Lat.] ACU'MEN. n. s. (Lat.) a sharp point ;

Driven by force : a word little used. figuratively, quickness of intellects.

The verb adact is not used. Dict. The word was much affected by the learned A'DAGE. n. s. [adagium, Lat.) A maxim Aristarchus in common conversation, to signify genius or natural acumen.

handed down from antiquity; a proACU'MINATED. particip. adj. Ending in

verb. a point ; sharp pointed.

Shallow unimproved intellects are confident This is not acuminated and pointed, as in the

pretenders to certainty; as if, contrary to the Test, but seemeth, as it were, cut off. Browr.

adage, science had no friend but ignorance.

Glanville, I appropriate this word, Noli me tangere, to a small round acuminated tubercle, which hath not

Fine fruits of learning! old ambitious fool, much pain, unless touched or rubbed, or ex.

Dar'st thou apply that adage of the school, asperated by topicks.


At if 'tis nothing worth that lies conceal'd, ACUTE. adj. (acutus, Lat.]

And science is not science till reveal'd? Dryden.

ADA'G10. n. s. [Italian, at leisure.) A 1. Sbarp; ending in a point : opposed to

term used by musicians, to mark a slow obtuse or blunt.

time. Having the ideas of an obtuse and an acute angled triangle, both drawn from equal bases A'DAMANT. n. s. [adamas, Lat. from and between parallels, I can, by intuitive know a and eduw, that is insuperable, infrana ledge, perceive the one not to be the other, but gible. ] cannot that way know whether they be equal. 1. A stone, imagined by writers, of impe


netrable hardness. 2. In a figurative sense, applied to men,

So great a fear my name amongst them spread, ingenious ; penetrating : opposed to That they suppos'd I could rend bars of steel, dull or stupid.

And spurn in pieces posts of adamant, Sbaks, The acute and ingenious author, among many Satan, with vast and haughty strides advanc'd, very fine thoughts, and uncommon reflections, Came tow'ring, arm'd in adamant and gold. has started the notion of seeing all things in God.

Milton. Locke.

Eternal Deities, 3. Spoken of the senses, vigorous; power

Who rule the world with absolute decrees, ful in operation.

And write whatever time shall bring to pass, Were our senses altered, and made much

With pens of adamant , on plates of brass. Dryd. quicker and acuter, the appearance and outward 2. The diamond. scheme of things would have quite another face

Hardness, wherein_some stones exceed all to us.




After much solitariness, fasting, or long sick His suit was common; but, above the rest. ness, their brains were addle, and their bellies as To both the brother-princes thus addrest. Dryden, empty of meat as their heads of wit. Burton. 8. To address (in law] is to apply to the Thus far the poet; but his brains grow addle;

king in form. And all the rest is purely from this noddle.

The representatives of the nation in parlia

Dryden. T. A'DDLE. v. a. (from addle, adj.] To

ment, and the privy-council, addressed the king to have it recalled.

Swift. make addle ; to corrupt; to make bar., ADDRE'ss. n. s. [addresse, Fr.]

1. Verbal application to any one, by way This is also evidenced in eggs, whereof the

of persuasion; petition. sound ones sink, and such as are addled swim ; as do also those that are termed bypanemiz, or

Henry, in knots involving Emma's name,

* Had half confess'd and half conceal'd his flame wind-eggs.


Upon this tree; and as the tender mark TO A'DDLE. 2. n. To grow ; to increase. Grew with the year, and widen'd with the bark, Obsolete.

Venus had heard the virgin's soft address, Where ivy embraceth the tree very sore, That, as the wound, the passion might increase. Kill ivy, else tree will addle no more. Tusser,

Prier. A'DDLE-PATED.adj. Having addled brains. Most of the persons, to whom these addresses See ADDLE.

are made, are not wise and skilful judges, but Poor slaves in metre, dull and addle-pated,

are influenced by their own sinful appetites and Who rhyme below even David's psalms trans

-passions. Watts' Improvement of tbe Mind. Jated.

Dryden. 2, Courtship. TO ADDRE'SS. v. a. (addresser, Fr. from

They often have revealed their passion to me; dereçar, Span. from dirigo, directum,

But, tell me, whose address thou favour'st most ; * Lat.)

I long to know, and yet Idread to hear it. Addisor.

A gentleman, whom, I am sure, you yourself 1. To prepare one's self to enter upon any would have approved, made his addresses to me. action; as, he addressed himself to the

Addisori, work. It has to before the thing. 3. Manner of addressing another; as, we With him the palmer eke, in habit sad,

say, a man of a happy or a pleasing adHimself addrest to that adventure hard. Fairy Q. dress; a man of an awkward address.

It lifted up its head, and did address
Itself to motion, like as it would speak. Shaks.

4. Skill; dexterity. Then Turnus, from his chariot leaping light,

I could produce innumerable instances, from Address'd himself on foot to single fight. Dryden,

my own observation, of events imputed to the

profound skill and address of a minister, which, 2. To get ready ; to put in a state for im

in reality, were either mere effects of negligence, · mediate use.

weakness, humour, passion, or pride, or at best They fell directly on the English battle ; * but the natural course of things left to themselves. whereupon the earl of Warwick addressed his

Swift men to take the flank.

Hayward. 5. Manner of directing a letter : a sense Duke Frederick, hearing how that every day Men of great worth resorted to this forest,

chiefly mercantile. Address'ă a mighty power, which were on foot,

ADDRESSER, n. s. (from address.] The In his own conduct purposely to take

person that addresses or petitions. His brother here.

Sbakspearc. ADDU'CENT. adj. [adducens, Lat.] A To-night in Harfleur we will be your guest, word applied to those muscles that bring To-morrow for the march we are addrest.

forward, close, or draw together the

Sbaks. 3. To apply to another by words, with

parts of the body to which they are various forms of construction.


Quincy 4. Sometimes without a preposition.

TO ADDU'LCE. v. a. (addoucir, Fr, dulcis, Are not your orders to address the senate, Addis.

Lat.] To sweeten. Not in use. 5. Sometimes with to.

Thus did the French ambassadors, with great Addressing to Pollio, his great patron, and

shew of their king's affection, and many sugared - himself no vulgar poet, he began to assert bis

words, seek to addulce all matters between the native character, which is sublimity. Dryden.

two kings.

Bacon's Henry VII, To such I would address with this most affec- A'DELING, n, s. [from ædel, Sax. illus. tionate petition.

Decay of Piety, trious.] A word of honour among the Among the crowd, but far above the rest,

Angles, properly appertaining to the Young Turnus to the beauteous maid addrest,

king's children: king Edward the Con

Dryden, 6. Sometimes with the reciprocal pro

fessor, being without issue, and intendnoun; as, he addressed himself to the

ing to make Edgar his heir, called him adeling

Cowell. general, ;. Sometimes with the accusative of the ADEMPTION. n. s; [adimo, ademptum,

Lat.) Taking away; privation. Dict, matter of the address, which


be the nominative to the passive.

ADENO'GRAPHY. n. s. (from a'envou and The young hero bad addressed his prayers to

ypá pw.] A treatise of the glands. him for his assistance.


ADE'PT. n. s. [from adeptus, Lat. that is, The prince himself, with awful dread possessid, adeptus artem.] He that is completely His vows to great Apollo thus addresi. Dryden. skilled in all the secrets of his art, It

tcnt menstruums.

is, in its original signification, appropri. 1. The quality of adhering, or sticking; ated to the chymists, but is now ex tenacity. tended to other artists.

2. In' a figurative sense, fixedness of mind; The preservation of chastity is easy to true steadiness ; fidelity. cdepts.


The firm adberence of the Jews to their reADE'PT. adj. Skilful; thoroughly versed. ligion is no less remarkable than their dispersion;

If there be really such adept philosophers as considering it as persecuted or contemned over we are told of, I am apt to think, that, among the whole earth.

Addison. their arcana, they are masters of extremely po A constant udberence to one sort of diet may


have bad effects on any constitution. Arbutb. A'DEQUATE. ad. Cadequatus, Lat.] Equal Plain good sense, and a firm adherence to the

to; proportionate; correspondent to, point, have proved more effectualthan those arts, so as to bear an exact resemblance or

which are contemptuously called the spirit of negociating.

Stift. proportion. It is used generally in a

ADHERENCY, 1. s. (the same with adfigurative sense, and often with the par

herence.] ticle to. Contingent death seems to be the whole ade

1. Steady attachment. quate object of popular courage; but a necessary

2. That which adheres. and unavoidable coffin strikes paleness into the

Vices have a native adherency of vexation. stoutest heart. Harvey on Consumptions.

Decay of Piety. The arguments were proper, adequate, and ADHERENT. adj. [from adherrej sufficient to compass their respective ends. South. 1. Sticking to.

All our simple ideas are adequate; because, Close to the cliff with both his hands he clung, being nothing but the effects of certain powers in And stuck adherent, and suspended hung. Pope. things, fitted and ordained by God to produce 2. United with, such sensations in us, they cannot but be cor Modes are said to be inherent or adherent, that respondent and adequate to those powers. Locke. is, proper or improper. Adherent or improper

Those are adequate ideas, which perfectly re modes arise from the joining of some accidental present their archetypes or objects. Inadequate substance to the chief subject, which yet inay be are but a partial, or incomplete, representation separated from it. so when a bowl is wet, or a of those archetypes to which they are referred. boy is clothed, these are adherent modes; for

Watts Logick. the water and the clothes are distinct substances, A'DEQUATELY. adv. (from adequate.] which adhere to the bowl, or to the boy. Watts: 1. In an adequate manner ; with justness, ADHERENT. n. s. [from adhere.)

of representation; with exactness of 1. The person that adheres; one that supproportion.

ports the cause, or follows the fortune, Gratitude consists adequately in these two of another: a follower; a partisan. things; first, that it is a debt; and, secondly, Princes must give protection to their subjects that it is such a debt as is left to every man's in and adherents, when worthy occasion shall require genuity whether he will pay or no. South. it.

Raleigh. 2. It is used with the particle to.

A new war must be undertaken upon the ad. Piety is the necessary christian virtue, propor vice of those, who, with their partisans and ade tioned adequately to the omniscience and spiri herents, were to be the sole gainers by it. Swift. tuality of that infinite Deity. Hammond. 2. Any thing outwardly belonging to a A'DEQUATENESS, n. s. (from adequate.)

person. The state of being adequate ; justness of When they cannot shake the main fort, they

representation; exactness of proportion. must try if they can possess themselves of the ADESPO'TICK, adj. Not absolute ; not

outworks, raise some prejudice against his dis despotick


cretion, his humour, his carriage, and his extrina

sic adberents. T. ADHERE. v..n. (adbæreo, Lat.]

Government of the Tougue.

ADHE'RER. n. s. [from adhere.] He that 1. To stick to, as wax to the finger :

adheres. with to before the thing.

Heought to be indulgent to tender consciences; 2. To stick, in a figurative sense ; to be

but, at the same time, a firm adherer to the esta consistent; to hold together.

blished church.

Swifi. Why every thing adheres together, that no dram of a scruple, no scruple of a scruple, no

ADHE'sion. n. s. Cadbasio, Lat.] acredulous or unsafe circumstance-Shakspeare.

1. The act or state of sticking to some 3. To remain firmly fixed to a party, per

thing. Adhesion is generally used in the son, or opinion.

natural, and adherence in the metaphoGood gentlemen, he hath much talk'd of you; rical sense ; as, the adhesion of iron to the And sure I am, two men there are not living magnet, and adherence of a client to his To whom he more adheres. Sbakspeare.'

patron. Every man of sense will agree with me, that

Why therefore may not the minute parts of singularity is laudable, when, in contradiction to a multitude, it adberes to the dictates of con

-other bodies, if they be conveniently shaped for

adbesion, stick to one another, as well as stick 10 science, morality, and honour. Boyle.

chis spirit?

Boyle. ADHERENCE.n. s. (from adhere.] See The rest consisting wholly in the sensible conADHÉSION,,

figuration, as smooth and fough; or else more,

or less, firm adhesion of the parts, as hard and ADJECTI'Tious. adj. [from adjection.] soft, tough and brittle, are obvious. Locke.

Added; thrown in upon the rest.
-Prove that all things, on occasion,
Love union, and desire adbesion.


A'DJECTIVE. n. s. [adjectivum, Lat.) A

word added to a noun, to signify the 2. It is sometimes taken, like adberence,

addition or separation of some quality, , figuratively, for firmness in an opinion, or steadiness in a practice.

circumstance, or manner of being; as, The same want of sincerity, the same adhesion

good, bad, are adjectives, because, in to vice, and aversion from goodness, will be speech, they are applied to nouns, to equally

a reason for their rejecting any proof modify their signification, or intimate whatsoever.

Atterbury. the manner of existence in the things ADHESIV E. adj. [from adhesion.] Stick signified thereby.

Clarke. ing; tenacious.

All the versification of Claudian is included If slow, yet sure, adhesive to the tract,

within the compass of four or five lines; perHot-steaming up

Thomson. petually closing his sense at the end of a verse, T. ADHI'BIT. V. a. [adhibeo, Lat.] and that verse commonly which they call golden, To apply; to make use of.

or two substantives and two adjectives, with a Salt, a necessary ingredient in all sacrifices,

verb betwixt them, to keep the peace. Dryden, was adhibited and required in this view only as A'DJECTIVELY. adv. [from adjective.] an emblem of purification.

Forbes. After the manner of an adjective: a ADHIBI'TION. n. s. [from adhibit.] Ap term of grammar. plication ; use.

Dict. ADIEU'. adv. [from à Dieu, used elliptiADJA'CENCY. n. s. [from adjaceo, Lat.] cally for à Dieu je vous commende, used I. The state of lying close to another thing. at the departure of friends.] The form 2. That which is adjacent. See ADJA of parting, originally importing a comCENT.

mendation to the Divine care, but now Because the Cape hath sea on both sides near used, in a popular sense, sometimes to it, and other lands, remote, as it were, equidi

things inanimate ; farewell. stant from it; therefore, at that point, the needle

Ne gave him leave to bid that aged sire is not distracted by the vicinity of adjacencies.

Adieu, but nimbly ran her wonted course.

Fairy Queen. ADJACENT. adj. (adjacens, Lat.] Lying Use a more spacious ceremony to the poble

near or close ; bordering upon some lords; you restrained yourself within the list of thing.

too cold an adieu ; be more expressive to them. It may corrupt within itself, although no part

Sbeispeare. of it issue into the body adjacent.


While now I take my last adieu, Uniform pellucid mediums, such as water,

Heave thou no sigh, nor shed a tear; have no sensible reflection but in their external Lest yet my half-clos'd eye may view superficies, where they are adjacent to other me

On earth an object worth its care. Prior. diums of a different density.

Norter. To ADJO'IN. v. a. (adjoindre, Fr. adjungo, ADJACENT. n. s. That which lies next Lat.] another.

1. To join to; to unite to; to put to. The sense of the author goes visibly in its own As one, who long in populous city pent, train, and the words, receiving a determined Forth issuing on a summer's morn to breathe sense from their companions and adjacents, will Among the pleasant villages and farms not consent to give countenance and colour to Adjoin'd, from each thing met conceives delight. what must be supported at any rate. Locke,

Milton, ADIA'PHOROUS. adj. (adiapor@.] Neu

Corrections or improvements should be as retral : particularly used of some spirits

marks adjoined, by way of note or commentary,

in their proper places, and superadded to a reand salts, which are neither of an acid

gular treatise.

Watts. or alkaline nature.


2. To fasten by a joint or juncture. Our adiaphorous spirit may be obtained, by

As a massy wheel distilling the liquor that is afforded by woods and

Fixt on the summit of the highest mount, divers other bodies.


To whose huge spoke ten thousand lesser things ADIA'Phory. n. s. [a&iapopia.] Neutra Are mortis'd and adjoined. Sbakspeare. lity; indifference.

To ADJO'IN. v. n. To be contiguous to; TO ADJE'CT. v. a. [adjicio, adjectum, to lie next, so as to have nothing be

Lat.] To add to; to put to another tween. thing.

Th' adjoining fane th' assembled Greeks exAdjection. n. s. [adjectio, Lat.]

press'd, 1. The act of adjecting, or adding.

And hunting of the Caledonian beast. Dryder.

In learning any thing, as little should be pro2. The thing adjected, or added.

posed to the mind at once as is possible ; and, That unto every pound of sulphur, an adjection that being understood and fully mastered, proof one ounce of quicksilver; or unto every pound ceed to the next adjoining, yet unknown, simple, of petre, one ounce of sal-ammoniac, will much unperplexed proposition, belonging to the matintend the force, and consequently the report, I ter in hand, and tending to the clearing what is find no verity, Brown's Vulg. Errours, principally designed,


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