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satisfied with, without opposition or discontent. It has in before the object. • Others will, upon account of the receivedness ef the proposed opinion, think it rather worthy to be examined than acquiesced in. Boyle. Neither a bare approbation of, nor a mere wishing, nor unactive complacency in ; nor, lastly, a natural inclination to things virtuous and good, can pass before God for a man's willing of such things; and o it men, upon this account, will needs take up and acquierre in an airy ungrounded persuasion, that they will those things which really they not will, the fall thereby into a gross and ão delusion. South. He § employed his transcendent wisdom and power, that i. these he might make way for hisbenignity, as the end wherein they ultimately acquiesce. Grew. Acqui E'sce N ce. n. s. [from acquiesce.] 1. A silent appearance of content, distinguished on one side from avowed consent, on the other from opposition. Neither from any of the nobility, nor of the clergy, who were thought most averse from it, there appeared any sign of contradiction to that; but an entire acquiescence in all the bishops thought fit to do. Clarendon. 2. Satisfaction ; rest ; content. Many indeed have given over their pursuits after fame, either from disappointment, or from experience of the little pleasure which attends it, or the better informations or natural coldness of clé age; but seldom from a full satisfaction and acquiescence, in their Present enjoyments of it. troo. 3. Submission; confidence. The greatest part of the world take up their persuasions concerning good and evil, by an implicit faith, and a full acquiescence, in the word of those, who shall represent things to them under these characters. - South. Acqui’RABLE. adj. [from acquire.] That may be acquired or obtained; attainable. Those rational instincts, the connate principles engraven in the human soul, though ...} are truths acquirable and deducible by rationas consequence and argumentation, yet seem to be inscribed in the very crasis and texture of the soul, antecedent to any acquisition by industry, or the exercise of the discursive faculty, in man. Halo's Origin of Mankind. If the powers of cogitation, and vôlition, and sensation, are neither inherent in matter as such, nor acquirable to matter by any motion or modification of it; it necessarily follows, that they proceed from some cogitative substance, some incorporeal inhabitant within us, which we call spirit and soul. Bentley. To ACQUI'RE. v. a. [acquerir, Fr. acquiro, Lat.] 1.To gain by one’s own labour or power; to obtain what is not received from nature, or transmitted by inheritance. Better to leave undone, than by our deed 4-guire too high a fame, while he, we serve, 's away. Shakspeare's Ant. and Cleop. 2. To come to ; to attain. Motion cannot be perceived without the perception of its terms, viz. the o: of space which it immediately left, and those which it next sequirer, Glanville's Scopuis.

Acqui'REp, particip. adj. [from acquire.] Gained by one's self, in opposition to those things which are bestowed by nature. We are seldom at ease, and free enough from the solicitation of our natural or adopted desires; but a constant succession of uneasinesses, out that stock which natural wants, or acquired habits, have heaped up, take the will in their turns. Lockr. Acqui’REMENT. n. . [from acquire.] That which is acquired; gain; attainment. The word may be properly used in opposition to the gifts of nature. These his acquirements, by industry, were exceedingly both enriched and enlarged by many excellent endowments of nature. Haywará. By a content and acquiescence in every species of truth, we embrace the shadow thereof; or so much as may Palliate its just and substantial acquirements. Brown's Vulgar Errours. It is very difficult to lay down rules for the acquirement of a taste. . The faculty must, in some degree, be born with us. AddisonAcqui’k ER. m. s. [from acquire.] The person that acquires; a gainer. Acoy Isi'Tio N. h. 3. [acquisitio, Lat.] 1. The act of acquiring or gaining. Each man has but a limited right to the good things of the world; and the natural allowed way, by which he is to compass the possession of these things, is by his own industrious acquisition of them. South. 2. The thing gained; acquirement. Great sir, all acquisition Qf glory, as of empire, here I lay before Your royal feet. Denhao's Sophy. A state can never arrive to its period in a rocre deplorable crisis, than when some prince lies hovering like a vulture to dismember its dying carcase; by which means it becomes only an orgossition to some mighty monarchy, witäcut hopes of a resurrection. Soft. AoS 1's Tive: adj. [acquisitivus, Laï.] That is acquired or gained. He died not in his acquisitive but in his native soil; nature herself, as it were, claiming a final interest in his body, when fortune had done with

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lff sin, then thou markest me, and thou wilt not acquit .#. mine iniquity. job. By the suffrage of the most and best he is already aquitted, and, by the sentence of some, condemned. Dryden. He that judges, without informing himself to *he utmost that he is capable, cannot acquit himself of judging amiss. ocke. Neither do I reflect upon the memory of his majesty, whom I entirely acquit of any imputation. Swift. 3. To clear from any obligation. Steady to myo: and not dispirited with my afflictions, I have, by the blessing of God on my endeavours, overcome all difficulties; and, in some measure, acquitted myself of the debt which I owed the †. when I undertook this work. Dryden. 4. In a similar sense, it is said, The man hath acquitted himself well; that is, he hath discharged his duty. Acqui'TMENT. m. s. [from acquit.] The state of being acquitted, or act of acquitting. The word imports properly an acquitment or di e of a man upon some precedent accusation, and a full trial and cognizance of his cause had thereupon. . South. Acqui'TTAL. m. s. In law, is a deliverance and setting free from the suspicion or guiltiness of an offence. Cowell. The constant design of both these orators, was to drivesome one particular point, either the condemnation or arguittal of an accused *; f twofo. To Acqui'TT AN ce. v. a. To procure an acquittance; to acquit. Not in use. But if black scandal, and foul-fac'd reproach, Attend the sequel of your imposition, Your mere enforcement shall acquittance me From all the impure blots and stains thereof. Shakpeare. To Acqui’r TAN ce. n. 4. [from acquit.] 1. The act of discharging from a debt. But soon shall find Forbearance, no acquittance, ere day end Justice shall not return, as beauty, scorn'd. Milt. 2. A writing testifying the receipt of a You can produce acquittances For such a sum, from special officers, Of Charles his father. Shakspeare. They quickly pay their debt, and then Take no acquittancer, but pay again. I}onne. The same man bought and sold to himself, Paid the money, and gave the arguittance. Art. Ack E. n. s. saecne, Sax.] A quantity of land containing in length forty perches, and four in breadth, or four thousand eight hundred and forty square yards. Dict. Search every acre in the high-grown field, And bring him to our eye. Shakspeare. A’cki D. adj. [acer, Lat.] Of a hot biting taste ; bitter; so as to leave a painful heat upon the organs of taste. Bitter and acrid differ only by the sharp particles of the first being involved in a greater quantity of oil than those cf the last. Arbuth.

AcRIMo'Nious, adj. Abounding with acrimony; sharp; corrosive. If gall cannot be rendered acrimonious, and bitter of itself, then whatever acrimony or amaritude redounds in it, must be from the admix...ture of melancholy. Harvey on Consumptions. A’c RIM on Y. n.s.. [acrimonia, Lat.] 1. Sharpness; corrosiveness. There be plants that have a milk in them when they are cut; as figs, old lettuce, sowthistles, spurge. The cause may be an inception of putrefaction: for those milks have all an acrimony, though one would think they should be lenitive. Bacon's Natiiral History. The chymists define salt, from some of its properties, to be a body fusible in the fire, congealable again by cold into brittle glebes or crystals, soluble in water, so as to disappear, not malleable, and having something in it which af. fects the organs of taste with a sensation of acromony or sharpness. Arbuthnot. . Sharpness of temper; severity; bitterness of thought or language. John the Baptist set himself, with much acromony and indignation, to baffle this senseless arrogant conceit of theirs, which made them huff at the doctrine of repentance, as a thing below them, and not at all belonging to them. South. A’ck it UD E. m. s. [from acrid.]. An acrid taste ; a biting heat on the palate. In greenvitriol, with its astringent and sweetish tastes, is joined some acritude. Grew's Mus. AcRoAMA't Ica L. adj.[axo~42, w, I hear.] Of or pertaining to deep learning : the opposite of exoterical. Acro A^T Icks. m. s. [to:2ariza J Aristotle’s lectures on the more nice and principal parts of philosophy, to which none but friends and scholars were admitted by him. Ack O'NY cal. adj. [from to 3-, summur, and ovš, nox; importing the beginning of night.] A term of astronomy, applied to the stars, of which the rising or setting is called acronycal, when they either appear above or sink below the horizon at the time of sunset. It is opposed to cosmical. AcRo'NY CALLY., adj. [from acronycal.] At the acronycal time. He is tempestuous in the summer, when he rises heliacally, and rainy in the winter, when he rises acronycally. Dryden. A’c Ros P1 R.E. n.s.. [from ox;3° and artica.] A shoot or sprout from the end of seeds before they are put in the ground. Many corns, will smilt, or have their pul turned into a substance like thick cream; is: sendforth their substance in an acrospire. Mort. A’c RosPI RED. part. adj. Having sprouts, or having shot out. For want of turning, when the malt is spread on the floor, it comes and sprouts at both ends, which is called acrospired, and is fit only for swine. Mortimer. AcRo'ss. adv. [from a for at, or the French d, as it is used in a travers, and

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erors.] Athwart; laid over something so as to cross it.

The harp hath the concave not along the strings, but across the strings; and no harp hath the sound so melting and prolonged as the Irish harp. Bacon. This view'd, but not enjoy'd, with arms across He stood, reflecting on his country's loss. Dryd. There is a set of artisans, who, by the help of several poles, which they lay across each others shoulders, build themselves up into a kind of Pyramid; so that you see a pile of men in the air

: four or live rows rising one above another. Zdadison.

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A poem in which the first letter of every line being taken, makes up the name of the person or thing on which the poem is written. Acko's Tick. adj. 1. That relates to an acrostick. 2. That contains acrosticks. . Leave writing plays, and choose for thy command Some peaceful province in acrostick land : There thou may'st wings display, and altars raise, And torture one poor word ten thousand ways. Dryden. A’CROTERS, or ACROTE’RIA. m. g. [from ox:2;, the extremity of any body.] Little pedestals without bases, placed at the middle and the two extremes of pediments, sometimes serving to support StatućS. To ACT. v. n. [ago, actum, Lat.] I. To be in action ; not to rest. He hangs between, in doubt to act or rest. Pope. 2. To perform the proper functions. Albeit the will is not capable of being comelled to any of its actings, yet it is capable of É. made to act with more or less difficulty, according to the different impressions it receives from motives or objects. South. 3. To practise arts or duties; to conduct one’s self. Tisplain that she, who for akingdom now Would sacrifice her love, and break her vow, Not out of love, but interest, acts alone, And would, ev'n in my arms, lie thinking of a throne. Dryden's Conquest of Granada. The desire of happiness, and the constraint it puts upon us to act for it, nobody accounts an abridgment of liberty. Locke. The splendor of his office, is the token of that sacred character which he inwardly bears: and one of these ought constantly to put him in onind of the other, and excite him to act up to it, through the whole course of his administration. * Atterbury's Sermons. It is our part and duty to co-operate with this gace, vigorously to exert those powers, and act up to those advantages to which it restores us. e has given eyes to the blind, and feet to the - Rogers' Sermont. 4. To produce effects in some passive sub-ject. j Hence 'tis we wait the wond’rous cause to find How body acts upon impassive mind. Garth. The stomach, the intestines, the muscles of

the lower belly, allast upon the aliment; besides

the chyle is not sucked, but squeezed into the mouths of the lacteals, by the action of the fibres of the guts. 4rbuthnot on Aliment, To Act. v.a. 1. To bear a borrowed character, as a stage-player. Honour and shame from no condition rise; 4at well your part, there all the honour lies. P

2. To counterfeit : to feign by action.

His former trembling once again renew’d, With acted fear the villain thus pursued. Dryd. 3. To actuate ; to put in motion; to re

gulate the movements.

Most people in the world are acted by levity and humour, by strange and irrational changes. South. Perhaps they are as proud as Lucifer, as cove: ous as Demas, as false as Judas, and in the whole $ourse of their conversation ca, and are act..., not by devotion, but design. South. We suppose two distinct, incommunicable con. sciousnesses actio the same body, the one constantly by day, the other by night; and, on the other side, the same consciousness acting by intervals two distinct bodies. ociet

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1. Something done; a deed; an exploit, whether good or ill. A lower place, not well, May make too great an act. Better to leave undone, than by our deed ^o too high a fame. Shakspeara. The conscious wretch must all his act, reveal; Loth to confess, unable to conceal; From the first moment of his vital breath, To his last hour of unrepenting death. Dryden.

2. Agency; the power of producing an

effect.
I will try the forces
9; these thy compounds on such creatures as
We count not worth the hanging; but none hu-
nian : -

To try the vigour of them, and apply
#Aliayments to their act; and by ğı gather
Their several virtues and effects. Shako.

3. Action; the performance of exploits 5

production of effects. *

'Tis so much in your nature to do , that your life is but one continued act of p cing benefits on many, as the sun is always carrying his

light to some part or other of the world. Dryden's Fa&ser. wo forth from nothing cliff this comely

rame,

His will and act, his word and work, the same, Pricr.

4. The doing of some particular thing ; a.

step taken : a purpose executed. his act persuades me,

That this remotion of the duke and her,

Is practice only. Soak-pears.

5. A state of reality; effect.

The seeds of herbs and plants at the first are not in act, but in possibility, that which they afterwards grow to be. Hecker.

God alone excepted, who actually and everlastingly is whatsoever he may be, and which cannot hereafter be that which now he is E. all other things besides are somewhat in possibi: lity, which as yet they are not in act. If cee-Sure they're conscious Of some intended mischief, and are fled To put it into act. Denbam's Sophy. 6. Incipient agency ; tendency to an effort. Her legs were buskin'd, and the left before, In ad to shoot; a silver bow she bore. Dryden. 7. A part of a play, during which the action proceeds without interruption. Many never doubt but the whole condition required by Christ, the repentance he came to Preach, will, in that last scene of their last act, immediately before the exit, be as opportunely and acceptably performed, as at any other point of their lives. Hammond's Fundamentals. Five acts are the just measure of a play. Rose. 1. A decree of a court of justice, or edict of a legislature. They make edicts for usury to support usurers, repeal daily any wholesome act established against the rich, and provide more piercing statutes daily to chain up and restrain the poor. Shaks. You that are king, though he do wear the crown, Have caus'd him, by new act of parliament, To blot out me. Shakspeare's Henry v1. 9. Record of judicial proceedings. Judicial acts are all those matters which relate to judicial proceedings; and being reduced into writing by a public notary, are recorded by the authority of the judge. Ayliffe. Action. n. ... [action, Fr. actio, Lat.] 1. The quality or state of acting: opposite to rest. 9 noble English! that could entertain

With half their forces the full power of France;

And let another half stand laughing by, All cut of work, and cold for action. Shakup. 2. An act or thing done ; a deed. is action, I now go on, Is for my better grace. Shakspeare's Wint. Tale: God never accepts a good inclination instead of a good action, where that action may be done; may, so much the contrary, that if a good indination be not seconded by a good action, the want of that action is made so much the more criminal and inexcusable. South. 3. Agency; operation. #. §: H. that the earth should move about its own center, and make those useful vicissitudes of night and day, than expose always the same side to the action of the sun. Bentley. He has settled laws, and laid down rules, conformable to which natural bodies are governed in their actions upon one another. Cloyne. 4. The series of events represented in a able. This action should have three qualifications. First, it should be but one action ; secondly, it should be an entire action; and, thirdly, it should be a great action. Addison. 5. Gesticulation; the accordance of the motions of the body with the words spoken; a part of oratory. -He that speaks doth gripe the hearer's wrist, While he that hears makes fearful action With wrinkled brows. Shakup. King john. Our orators are observed to make use of less gesture or action than those of other countries.

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6. [In law.] It is used with the preposition against before the person, and for before the thing. Actions are personal, real, and mixt: action personal belongs to a man against another, by reason of any contract, offence, or cause of like force with a contract or offence, made or done by him, or some other for whose fact he is to answer. Action real is given to any man against another, that possesses the thing required or sued for in his own name, and no other man's. Aćion mixt is that which lies as well against or for the thing which we seek, as against the person that hath it; called mixt, because it hath a mixt respect both to the thing and to the person. Action is divided into civil, penal, and mixt. Action civil is that which tends only to the recovery of that which is due to us; as a sum of money formerly lent. Action penal is that which aims at some penalty or punishment in the party sued, be it corporal or pecuniary: as, in common law, the next friends of a man feloniously slain shall pursue the law against the murderer. Action mixt is that which seeks both the thing whereof we are deprived, and a penalty also for the unjust detaining of the same. Action upon the case, is an action given for redress of wrongs done without force against any man, by law not specially provided for. t Action upon the statute, is an action brought against a man upon breach of a statute. Cowell. There was never men could have a juster action against filthy fortune than I, since, all other things being granted me, her blindness is the only lett. Sidney. For our reward then, First, all our debts are paid; dangers of law, 4ctions, decrees, judgments, against us quitted. Ben jonson. 7. In the plural, in France, the same as stocks in England. Act 19 NABLE. adj. [from action.] That admits an action in law to be brought against it; punishable. His process was formed; whereby he was found guilty of nought else, that I could learn, which was actionable, but of ambition. Howel. No man's face is actionable: these singularities are interpretable from more innocent causes. Collier. A/ct 1 on ARY, or A/ction 1st. n.s.. [from action.] One that has a share in actions or stocks. Action-TAKING. adj. Accustomed to resent by means of law ; litigious. A knave, a rascal, a filthy worsted-stocking knave; a lily-liver'd action-taking knave. Shakup. Act it a'rion. n. . [from actito, Lat.] Action quick and frequent. Dict. To A/CTIVATE. v. a. . active.] To make active. This word is perhaps used only by the author alleged. As snow and ice, especially being holpen, and their cold activated by nitre or salt, will turn water into ice, and that in a few hours; so it may be, it will turn wood or stiff clay into stone, in longer time. 3acon. A/ctive. adj. [activus, Lat.] . 1. That has the power or quality of acting. E

"These particles have not only a vis inertie, accompanied with such passive laws of motion as naturally result from that force, but also the are moved by certain active principles, such as is that of gravity, and that which causes fermentation, and the cohesion of bodies. 2. That which acts, opposed to passive, or that which suffers. —When an even flame two hearts did touch His office was indulgently to fit * Actives to passives, correspondency Only his subject was. Donne. If you think that, by multiplying the additaments in the same proportion that you multiply the ore, the work will follow, you may be deceived: for quantity in the passive will add imore resistance than the quantity in the active will add force. Bacon. 3. Busy ; engaged in action: opposed to idle or sedentary, or any state of which the duties are performed only by the mental powers. "I is virtuous action that must praise bring forth, Without which, slow advice is little worth; Yet they who give good counsel, praise deserve, Tho' in the active part they cannot serve. Denham. 4. Practical ; not merely theoretical. The world hath had in these men fresh experience, how dangerous such active errors are.

ooker. 3. Nimble; *ś quick. Some bend the stubborn bow for victory; And some with dartstheir active sinewstry. Dryd. 6. In grammar. A verb active is that which signifies action; as, I teach. Clarke's Latin Grammar. A’ct 1 v ELY. adv. [from active..] In an active manner; busily ; mimbly. In an active signification; as, the word is used actively. A/CT iv EN Ess. n. 4. [from active.] The quality of being active; quickness; nimbleness. This is a word more rarely used than activity. What strange agility and activeners do our common tumblers and dancers on the rope attain to, by continual exercise. Wilkins’ Math. Mog. Act I'v IT Y. n. 4. [from active.] The quality of being active : applied either to things or persons: Salt put to ice, as in the producing of the artificial ice, increaseth the activity of cold. Bacon. Our adversary will not be idle, though we are; he watches every turn of our soul, and incident of our life: and, if we remit our activity, will take advantage of our indolence. %. A'gro R. m. s. Lactor, Lat.] 1. He that acts or performs any thing. The virtues of either age may correct the defects of both; and good for succession, that young men may be learners, while men in age are gttors. - Bacon. He who writes an Encomium Neronis, if he does it heartily, is himself but a transcript of Nero in his mind, and would gladly enough see such pranks, as he was famous for, acted again, though he dares not be the actor of them himself. South. 3. He that personates a character; a stageplayer.

Newton.

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Would you have Such an Herculean actor in the scene, And not this hydra? They must sweat no less Tofit their properties, than t’ express their parts, Ben jonion, When a good actor doth his part present, In every act he our attention draws, That at the last he may findjust applause. Denham. These false beauties of the stage are no more lasting than a rainbow; when the actor ceases to shine upon them, they vanish in a twinkling. ryden's Spanish Friar. A"ct R Ess. n. 4. [actrice, Fr.] 1. She that performs any thing. Virgil has, indeed, admitted Fame as an actress in the AEneid; but the part she acts is very short, and none of the most admired circumstances of that divine work. .Addison. We sprights have just such natures We had, for all the world, when human creatures; And therefore I, that was an actress here, Play all my tricks in hell, a goblin there. Dryden. 2. A woman that plays on the stage. A’ct UA L. adj. [actuel, Fr.] 1. That comprises action. In this slumbry agitation, besides her walking and other actual performances, what, at any time, have you heard her say? Shakspears. 2. Really in act; not merely potential. Sin, there in pow'r before Once actual; now in body, and to dwell Habitual habitant." Militar. 3. In act ; not purely in speculation. For he that but conceives a crime in thought, Contracts the danger of an actual fault: Then what must he expect, that still proceeds To finish sin, and work up thoughts to deeds. - 29-ydon. Act U A'lit Y. m. s. [from actual.] The state of being actual. The actuality of these spiritual qualities is thus imprisoned, though their potentiality be not quite destroyed; and thus a crass, j. impenetrable, passive, divisible, unintelligent substance is generated, which we call matter. Cheyne, A'er UAll Y. adv. [from actual.] In act; in effect ; really.

All mankind acknowledge themselves able and

sufficient to do many things, which actually th never do. South. Read one of the Chronicles, and you will think you were reading a history of the kings of Israel or Judah, where the histórians were actually inspired, and where, by a particular scheme cf providence, the kings were distinguished by judgments or blessings, according as they promicted idolatry, or the worship of the true God. ..of dāirer. Though our temporal prospects should be full of danger, or though the days of sorrow should actually overtake us, yet still we must repose ourselves on God. co-ri- - "I fic quality of being actual.

A'et UARY. m. s. [actuarius, Lat. I The

register who compiles the minutes of the proceedings of a court : a term of the civil law. Suppose the judge should say, that he would have the keeping of the acts of court rernain wou him, and the notary will have the custody .

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