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So on the tuneful Margarita's tongue
Fair liberty, pursued and meant a prey The list’ning nymphs and ravish'd heroes hung; To lawless power, here turn'd, and stood at bay. But cits and fops the heav'n-born musick blame,
Denbam. And bawl, and hiss, and damn her into fame. Nor fight was left, nor hopes to force his way;
Smith. Embolden'd by despair, he stood at bay; I have a race of orderly elderly people, who Resolv'd on death, he dissipates his fears, can bawl when I am deaf, and tread softly when And bounds aloft against the pointed spears. I am only giddy and would sleep. Swift.
Dryden. 2. To cry as a froward child.
2. Some writers, perhaps mistaking the A little child was bawling, and a woman meaning, have used bay as referred to chiding it.
the assailant, for distance beyond which If they were never suffered to have what they cried for, they would never, with bowling and
no approach could be made. peevishness, contend for mastery.
All, fir'd with noble emulation, strive, My husband took him in, a dirty boy; it was
And with a storm of darts to distance drive the business of the servants to attend him, the
The Trojan chief; who, held at bay, from far rogue did bawl and make such a noise. Arbuth.
On his Vulcanian orb sustain'd the war. Dryden. To Bawl. v. i. To proclaim as a crier.
We have now, for ten years together, turned
the whole force and expence of the war, where It grieved me when I saw labours, which had cost so much, bawled about by common hawkers.
the enemy was best able to hold us at a bay.
. Bar.n. s. In architecture, a term used to BAUREL. n. s. A kind of hawk. Dict. BA'wsIN.nos. A badger.
signify the magnitude of a building ; as,
Dict. Bay. adj. (badius, Lat.)
if a barn consists of a floor and tiro A bay horse is what is inclining to a ches
heads, where they lay corn, they call it nut; and this colour is various, either a light bay
a barn of two bays. These bays are or a dark bay, according as it is less or more
from fourteen to twenty feet long, and deep. There are also coloured horses, that are Roors from ten to twelve broad, and called dappled bays. All bay horses are com usually twenty feet long, which is the monly called brown by the common people. All
breadth of the barn. Builder's Dict. bay horses have black manes, which distinguish
If this law hold in Vienna ten years, I'll rent them from the sorrel, that have red or white
the fairest house in it after threepence a bay. manes. There are light bays and gilded bays,
Sbakspeare. which are somewhat of a yellowish colour. The chesnut bay is that which comes nearest to the
There may be kept one thousand bushels in colour of the chesnut.
each bay; there being sixteenbays, cach eighteen My lord, you gave good words the other day
feet long, about seventeen wide, or three of a kar courser i rode on, 'T is yours because
hundred square feet in each bay. Mortimer, you liked it.
BAY Tree, [laurus, Lat.] The tree, as is Poor Tom' proud of heart to ride on a bay generally thought, which is translated trotting horse over four-inch'd bridges. Shatsp. laurel, and of which honorary garlands His colour grey,
were anciently made. For beauty dappled, or the brightest bay. Dryd, I have seen the wicked in great power, and BAY. 7, s. [baye, Dutch.)
spreading himself like a green bay tree. Psalms. I. An opening into the land, where the Bay. n. š. A poetical name for an honowater is shut in on all sides, except at rary crown or garland, bestowed as a the entrance.
any kind of victory or excelA reverend Syracusan merchant,
lence. Who put unluckily into this bay: Sbakspeare. Beneath his reign shall Eusden wear the bays. We have also some works in the midst of the
Pope sea, and some bays upon the shore for some
To BAY. v. n. (abboyer, Fr.] works, wherein is required the air and vapour
1. To bark as a dog at a thief, or at the Hail, sacred solitude! from this calm bay game which he pursues, I view the world's tempestuous sea. Roscommon.
And all the while she stood upon the ground, Here in a royal bed the waters sleep;
The wakeful dogs did never cease to haz. When tir'd ac sea, within this bay they creep.
Fuiry Queen. Dryden.
The hounds at nearer distance hoarsely bay'd; Some of you have bay.
Dryden. The hunter close pursued the visionary maid; 2. A pond head raised to keep in store of
She rent the heav'n with loud laments, imploring aid.
Dryden's Fables water for driving a mill. BAY...
2. [from bay, an enclosed place.] To en12. so (abboi, Fr. signifies the last extremity; as, Innocence est aux abbois.
compass about; to shut in.
We are at the stake, Boileau. Innocence is in the utmost di And bay'd about with many enemies. Sbalsta stress. It is taken from abboi, the bark. TO BAY, v. a. To follow with barking; ing of a dog at hand, and thence sig to bark at. nified the condition of a stag when the I was with Hercules and Cadmus once, hounds were almost upon him.]
When in the wood of Crete they bay'd the boar
Sbakspeare. 1. The state of any thing surrounded by
If he should do so, enemies, and obliged to face them by He leaves his back unarm'd, the French and an impossibility of eseape.
Sbakspear. among hounds at the bay, and was sieged and BAY Salt. Salt made of sea water, which fought with, in turn, by fifteen great ships. receives its consistence from the heat of Bacon's War with Speir.
the sun, and is so called from its brown
of the sea,
colour. By letting the sea water into
Therefore be sure, square pits or basons, its surface being Thou, when the bridegroom with his feastfal
friends struck and agitated by the rays of the
Passes to bliss at the mid hour of night, sun, it thickens at first imperceptibly,
Hast gain'd thy entrance, virgin wise and pure. and becomes covered over with a slight
Milton. crust, which hardening by the continu It is not easy to discern what such men would ance of the heat, is wholly converted
Stillingficet. into salt. The water in this condition To say a man has a clear idea of quantity,
without knowing how great it is, is to say, he is scalding hot, and the crystallization
has the clear idea of the number of the sands, is perfected in eight, ten, or at most who knows not how many they be.
Locke fifteen days.
2. It is the auxiliary verb by which the All eruptions of air, though small and slight,
verb passive is formed. : give sound, which we call crackling, putting,
The wine of life is drawn, and the meer lees spitting, &c. as in.bag salt and bay leaves cast into
Is left this vault to brag of. Sbakspeare. fire.
Bacon. BAY ,Window. A window jutting out
3. To exist; to have existence.
The times have been, ward, and therefore forming a kind of That when the brains were out the man would bay or hollow in the room.
Macbeth. It hath baynvindows transparent as barricadoes. Here cease, ye pow'rs, and let yourvengeance
All th' impossibilities, which poets
Count to extravagance of loose description,
Tobe, contents his natural desire;
4. To have something by appointment or
If all political power be derived only from horse.
Adam, and be to descend only to his succesOne of the black spots is long and slender, and sive heirs, by the ordinance of God, and divine resembles a dagger or bayonet.
Woodward. institution, this is a right antecedent and para.'
mount to all
so [Bazar.cov; 7372.] 5. Let BE. Do not meddle with; leave An aromatick gum brought from the
untouched. Levant; used as a medicine, and a per- BEACH. n. s.
Let be, said he, my prey.
Dryden. fume. Bdellium is mentioned both by
The shore, particularly the ancient naturalists and in Scripture;
that part that is dashed by the waves ;
the strand. but it is doubtful whether any of these be the same with the modern kind.
The fishermen, that walk upon the beach,
Appear like mice. Sbakspeare's King Leari
Deep to the rocks of hell the gather'd beacó This bdellium is a tree of the bigness of an * They fasten'd, and chemole immense wrought oni olive, whereof Arabia hath great plenty, which Over the foaming deep:
Milton. yieldeth a certain gum, sweet to smell to, but They find the washed amber further out upon bitter in taste, called also bdellium. The He
the beaches and shores, where it has been longer : brews take the loadstone for bdellium. Raleigh. exposed. TO BE. v. n. [This
word is so remarkably BEACHED. adj. [from beach.] Exposed irregular, that it is necessary to set to the waves. down many of its terminations.
Timon hath made his everlasting mansion Present. I am, thou art, he is, we are, &c. Upon the beached verge of the sale flood; eom, eant, ir
anon, Sax. Which, once a day, with his embossed froth Preter. I was, thou wast or wert, he was,
The turbulent surge shall cover. Sbakspeera pær, pæne,
BE'achy, adj. [from beach.] Having we-were, &c.
The beacby girdle of the ocean
a signal, and becnan, whence beckon, 1. To have some certain state, çorditio:1, to make a signal.]
quality, or accident; as, the man is 1. Something raised on an eminence, to wise.
be fired on the approach of an enemy, Seventy senators died
to alarm the country. By their prescriptions, Cicero being one. Shaks. He hath to night been in unusual pleasure,
His blazing eyes, like two bright shining
Shakspeare. Did burn with wrath, and sparkled living fire ;
Modest doubt is call'd
The beacon of the wise.
Sbakspeare. The justice of your hearts will add thereto,
The king seemed to account of Perkin as a "T is pity she is nor honest, honourable. Sbaks. Let them show the former things what they
May-game; yet had given order for the watch4, that we may consider them..
ing 'of beacons upon the coasts, and erecting Isaiah,
more where they stood too shin
No flaming beacons cast their blaze afar,
He saw the ravens with their horny beaks The dreadful signal of invasive war. Gay. Food to Elijah bringing. Milton's Par. Reg. 2. Marks erected, or lights made in the The magpye, lighting on the stock, night, to direct navigators in their
Stood chatı'ring with incessant din,
And with her beak gave many a knock. Swift. courses, and warn them from rocks,
2. A piece of brass like a beak, fixed at shallows, and sandbanks.
the end of the ancient gallies, with BEAD. n. s. [beade, prayer, Saxon.] 1. Small globes or balls of glass or pearl,
which they pierced their enemies. It
can now be used only for the forepart or other substance, strung upon a thread,
of a ship. and used by the Romanists to count
With boiling pitch another near at hand, their prayers ; from which the phrase
From friendly Sweden brought, the seams instops; to tell beads, or to be at one's beads, is Which, well said o'er, the salt sea waves withstand, to be at prayer.
And shake them from the rising beak in drops. That aged dame, the lady of the place,
Dryden. Who all this while was busy at her beads. 3. A beak is a little shoe, at the toe about
Fairy Queen. an inch long, turned up and fastened Thy voice I seem in every hymn to hear,
in upon the forepart of the hoof. With ev'ry bead I drop too soft a tear. Pope.
Farrier's Dict. 2. Little balls worn about the neck for
4. Any thing ending in a point like a beak; ornament. With scarfs and fans, and double charge of
as, the spout of a cup ; a prominence brav'ry,
of land. With amber bracelets, beads, and all such
Cuddenbeak, from a well advanced promonknav'ry.
tory, which entitled it beak, taketh a prospect of the river.
Carew's Survey. 3. Any globular bodies.
Thy spirit within thee hath been so at war, BE'AKED, adj. [from beak.) Having a That beads of sweat have stood upon thy brow. beak; having the form of a beak.
Sbakspeare. And question'd ev'ry gust of rugged winds, Several yellow lumps of amber, almost like That blows from off each boaked promontory, beads with one side flat, had fastened themselves
Milton. to the bottom.
Boyle. BEAD Tree. (azedarach.) A plant.
BE'AKER. n. s. [from beak.) A cup with BE'ADLE. n. s. [bydel, Sax. a messenger;
a spout in the form of a bird's beak. bedeau, Fr. bedel, Span. bedelle, Dutch.]
And into pikes and musqueteers 1. A messenger or servitor belonging to a
Stampt beakers, cups, and porringers. Hudibras.
With dulcet bev'rage this the beaker crown'd, court.
Fair in the midst, with gilded cups around. 2. A petty officer in parishes, whose bu
Pops siness it is to punish petty offenders. BEAL. n. s. [bolla, Ital.] A whelkor A dog's obey'd in office.
pimple. Thou rascal beadle, hold thy bloody hand : Why dost thou lash that whore? Shaksp.
TO BEAL. v. a. [from the noun.] То They ought to be taken care of in thiscondition, ripen ; to gather matter, or come to a either by the beadlo or the magistrate. Spectator. head, as a sore does.
Their common loves, a lewd abandon d pack, BEAM. n. s. [beam, Sax. a tree.]
1. The main piece of timber that supports
the house. catalogue of those who are to be men
A beam is the largest piece of wood in a tioned at prayers,
building, which always lies cross the building or The king, for the better credit of his espials abroad, did use to have them cursed by name
the walls, serving to support the principal ratters
of the roof, and into which the feet of the prine amongst the beadroll of the king's enemies. Bacon.
cipal rafters are framed. No building has less BE'ADSMAN. n. s. [from bead and man.]
than two beams, one at each head. Into these, the A man employed in praying, generally girders of the garret floor are also framed; and in praying for another.
if the building be of cimber, the teazel-tenons An holy hospital,
of the posts are framed. The proportions of In which seven beadsien, that had vowed all beams in or near London, are fixed by act of Their life to service of high heaven's king. parliament. A beam, fifteen feet long, must be
Fairy Queen. seven inches on one side its square, and five on In thy danger,
the other; if it be sixteen feet long, one side Commend thy grievance to my holy prayer ;
must be eight inches, the other six ; and so proFor I will be thy beadsman, Valentine. Shaksp. portionable to their lengths. Builder's Dict. BE'AGLE. n. s. (bigle, Fr.] A small The building of living creatures is like the hound with which hares are hunted.
building of a timber house ; the walls and other
parts have columns and beams, but the roof is The rest were various huntings.
tile, or lead, or stone.
Bacon, The graceful goddess was array'd in green;
He heav'd, with more than human force, to About her feet were little beagles scen, That watch'd with upward eyes the motions of
A weighty stone, the labour of a team, their queen.
And rais'd from thence he reach'd the neighb'ing To plains with well-bred beagles ive repair,
beam. And trace the mazes of the circling hare. Pope.
Dryden. BEAK. n. s. (bec, Fr. pig, Welsh.]
2. Any large and long piece of timber: 1. The bill or horny mouth of a bird.
a beam must have more length than His royal bird
thickness, by which it is distinguished Prunes his immortal wing, and cloys his beal from a block. As when his gud is pleas'd. Sbaksp. Cymbeline,
But Lycus, swifter,
Springs to the walls, and leaves his foes behind, His allowance of oats and beans for his horse And snatches at the beam he first can find. * was greater than his journey required. Swift
BEAN Caper. [fabog..] A plant. 3. That part of a balance, at the ends of BEAN Tressel. An herb. which ite scales are suspended.
To BEAR., v. a. pret. I bore, or bare; Poise the cause injustice' equal scales
part. pass. bore, or born. [beoran, Whose beam stands sure, whose rightful cause prevails.
beran, Sax.] bairan, Gothick. It is If the length of the sides in the balance, and
sounded as bare, as the are in care and -'the weighs at the ends, be both equal, the beam dare.]
will be in horizontal situation : but if either the 1. This is a word used with such latitude, weights alore be unequal, or the distances alone, that it is not easily explained. the beam will accordingly decline. Wilkins.
We say to bear a burden, to bear sorrow or 4. The horn of a staer.
reproach, to bear a name, to bear a grudge, to And ought the woods to echo to the stream bear fruit, or to bear children. The word bear His dreadiul challenge, and his clashing bean. is used in very different senses.
2. To carry as a burden. 3. The pole of a chariot ; that piece of They bear him upon the shoulder; they carry wood which rurs between the horses. him and set him in his place.
Isaiab. Juturna hcard, and, seiz'd with mortal fear, And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand Forc'd fro.a the beam her brother's charioteer.' that bare burdens.
1 Kings: Dryden. As an eagle stirreth up her nest, fluttereth 6. Among weavers, a cylindrical piece of over her young, spreadeth abroad her wings, wood belorging to the loom, on which
takech them, beareth them on her wings.
Deuteronory. the web is gradually rolled as it is wove.
We see some, who we think have born less The staff of his spear was like a weaver's of the burden, rewarded above ourselves. beam.
1 Chron. 4. BE AM of an Anchor. The straight part 3. To convey, or carry.
Decay of Piety. or shank of an anchor, to which the My message to the ghost of Priam bear; hooks are fastened.
Tell him a new Achilles sent thee there. Dryden. 8. BEAM Compasses. A wooden or brass A guest like him, a Trojan guest before, instrument, with sliding sockets, to carry
In shew of friendship, sought the Spartan shore,
And ravish'd Helen from her husband bore. 86 veral shifting points, in order to draw
Garte. circies with very long radii; and useful
4. To carry as a mark of authority. in large projections, for drawing the
I do commit into your hand furniture on wall dials.
Harris. Theunstain'd sword that you have us'd to bear, . [runebem, Sax. a ray of the sun.]
Sbakspeara The ray of ligit emitted from some lu. 5. To carry as a mark of distinction. mmous boly, or received by the eye.
He may not beor so fair and so noble an image Pile ten hills on the Tarpeian rock,
of the divise glory, as the universe in its full That the precipitation might downstretch
Hal. Below the beant of sight. Sbaksp. Coriolanus. His pious brother, sure the best
Who ever bore that name. Pleasing, yet cold, like Cynthia's silver beam.
The sad spectators stiffen'd with their fears As heav'n's blest beam turns vinegar more
She sces, and sudden every limb she smears;
Gartb. TO BE AM. v. n. (from the noun.], so
His supreme spirit of mind will bear its best emit rays or beams.
resemblance, when it represents the supreme inEach emanation of his fires finite.
Cbex. That beams on earth, each virtue he inspires.
So we say, to bear arms in a coat.
Pope. 6. To carry, as in show. BEAM Tree. A species of wild service.
Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye, BL'AMY. adj. [from beam.).
Your hand, your tongue; look like the innocent 1. Radiant; shining ; emitting beams.
flower, All-seeing sun!
But be the serpent under 't. Sbalspart. Hide, hide in shameful night thy beamy head. 7. To carry, as in trust.
He was a thief, and had the bag, and bare 2. Having the weight or massiness of a what was put therein,
8. To support; to keep from falling : His double-biting axe, and beamy spear; frequently with up: Each asking a gigantick force to rear. Dryden. Under colour of rooting out popery, the most 3. Having horns or antlers.
effectual means to bear up the state of religion Rouze from their desert dens the bristled rage may be removed, and so a way be made either Of boars, and Leany stags in toils engage. Dryd. for paganism, or for barbarism, to enter. Hoster. BEAN. n. s. I faba, Lat.] A plant.
And Samson took hold of the two middle pil. The species are, 1. The common garden bean. lars upon which the house stood, and on which 2. The horse bcan. There are several varieties of
it was borre up:
Fudges. the garden beans, differing either in colour or size. A religious hope does not only bear up the The principal sorts which are cultivated in Eng mind under her sufferings, but makes her rèm land, are the Mazagan, the small Lisbon, the joice in them.
Addisor. Spanish, the Tokay, the Sandwich, and Windsor Some power invisible supports his soul, beans. The Mazagan bear is brought from a And bears it up in all its wonted greatness. settlement of the Portuguese, on the coast of Africa, of the same name ; and is by far the best 9. To keep afloat; to keep from sinking: sort to plant for an early crop. Miller.
sometimes with up.
The waters increased, and bare up the ark, 18. To give birth to; to be the native and it was lifted up above the earth. Genesis.
place of. Jo.To support with proportionate strength.
Here dwelt the man divine whom Samos bore, Animals that use a great deal of labour and But now self-banish'd from his native shore. exercise, have their solid parts more elastick and
Drydenis strong; they can bear, and ought to have, strongArbutbnot on Aliments,
19. To possess, as power or honour.
When vice prevails, and impious men bear sway, 11. To carry in the mind, as love, hate.
The post of honour is a private station. Addison. How did the open multitude reveal The wond'rous love they bear him underhand!
20. To gain ; to win : commonly with
Daniel. away. They bear great faith and obedience to the As it more concerns the Turk than Rhodes, kings.
Bacon. So may he with more facile question bear it; Darah, the eldest, bears a generous mind,
For that it stands not in such warlike brace. But to implacable revenge inclin'd. Dryden.
Because the Greek and Latin have ever borng The coward bore the man immortal spite.
away the prerogative from all other tongues, As for this gentleman, who is fond of her, sho
they shall serve as touchstones to make our Deareth him an invincible hatred. Swift.
Camden. That inviolable love I bear to the land of my
Some think to bear it by speaking a great word, nativity, prevailed upon me to engage in so bold and being peremptory; and go on, and take by an attempt.
Bacona 12. To endure, as pain, without sinking. It was not an enemy that reproached me, then
21. To maintain ; to keep up. I could have borne it.
He finds the pleasure and credit of bearing a 33. To suffer; to undergo, as punishment
part in the conversation, and of hearing his reasons approved.
Locke, or misfortune. I have borne chastisements, I will not offend
22. To support any thing, good or bad. any more.
I was carried on to observe, how they did
bear their fortunes, and how they did employ That which was torn of beasts I brought not
Bacon. unto thee, I bare the loss of it; of my hand didst thou require it.
Genesis. 23. To exhibit. 14. To permit; to suffer without resent
Ye Trojan flames, your testimony bear,
What I perform’d, and what I suffer'd there. ment.
Dryden. To reject all orders of the church which men have established, is to think worse of the laws of 24. To be answerable for. men, in this respect, than either the judgment
If I bring him not unto thee, let me bear the blame.
Genesis. of wise men alloweth, or the law of God itself will bear.
O more than madmen! you yourselves shall
bear Not the gods, nor angry Jove, will bear
The guilt of blood and sacrilegious war! Dryd. Thy, lawless wand'ring walk in upper air. Drgd. .15. To be capable of; to admit.
25. To supply. Being the son of one earl of Pembroke, and
What have you under your arm? Somewhat younger brother to another, who liberally sup
that will bear your charges in your pilgrimage?' plied his expence, beyond what his annuity from
Dryden. his father could bear.
Clarendon. 26. To be the object of. This is unusual. Give his thought either the same turn, if our I'll be your father and your brother too; tongue will bear it; or, if not, vary but the Let me but bear your love, I 'U bear your cares.. dress. Dryden.
Sbakspears. Do not charge your coins with more uses than 27. To behave; to act in any character. they can bear. It is the method of such as love
Some good instruction give, any science, to discover all others in it. Addison.
How I may bear me here.
Hath he bornehimself penitent in prison? Sbak.' would not have strained my works to such a sense as they will not bear. Atterbury. 28. To hold ; to restrain : with off.
In all criminal cases, the most favourable in Do you suppose the state of this realm to be terpretation should be put upon words that they
now so feeble, that it cannot bear of a greater possibly can bear.
Hayzvars. 16. To produce, as fruit.
29. To impel; to urge; to push: with There be some plants that bear no flower, and
some particle noting the direction of the yet bear fruit: there be some that bear flowers, and no fruit: there be some that bear neither
impulse ; as, down, on, back, forfowers nor fruit.
ward. They wing'd their fight aloft; then stooping
The residue were so disordered as they could low,
not conveniently fight or fly, and not only Perch'd on the double tree that bears the golden · justled and bore down one another; but in their bough.
Dryden. s: confused tumbling back, brake a part of the Say, shepherd, say, in what glad soil appears avant guard.
Sir John Hayward. A wond'rous tree, that sacred monarchs bears.
Contention, like a horse
Full of high feeding, madly hath broke loose, 17. To bring forth, as a child.
And bears down all before him. Shakspeare. The queen that bore thee,
Their broken oars, and floating planks, wich
stand Oftner upon her knees than on her feet, Died every day she liv'd.
Their passage, while they labour to the land, Ye know that my wife bare two sons. Genesis.
And ebbing tides bear back upon th' uncertain Whatcould the muse herselfthat Orpheus bore,
Drydino The muse herself, for her enchanting son? Milt.
Now with a noiseless gentle course
It keeps within the middle bed;
Anon it lifts aloft the head,