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Do me the favour to dilate at full
Particular advantages it has before all the books What hath befallor of them, and thee, till now. which have appeared before it in this kind. Dryd.
Shakspeare. 10. In preference to. To BeFift. v. a. (from be and fit.] To We should not presume to determine which suit ; to be suitable to; to become. should be the fittest, till we sse he hath chosen Blind is his love, and best befits the dark. some one, which one we may then boldly say to
Sbakspeare. be the tittest, because he hath taken it before the Out of my sight, thou serpent!--that name best
Hocker. Befois thee, with him leagued; thyself as false. We think poverty to be infinitely desirable
Paradise Lost. before the torments of covetoon.ess. Taylor. I will bring you where she sits,
11. Prior to ; nearer to any thing ; as, the Clad in splendour, as tufits
eldest son is before the younger in suc. Her deity.
cession. Thou, what befits the new lord mayor, Art anxiously inquisitive to know. Dryden,
12. Superiour to; as, he is before his com. TO BEFO'oli v. a. (from be and fool. To
petitors both in right and power. infatuate ; to fool; to deprive of un
BEFO'R E. adv. derstanding ; to lead into errour.
1. Sooner than ; earlier in time. Men befcal themselves infinitely, when, by
Heav'nly born, venting a few sighs, they will needs persuade
Before the hills appear'd, or fountain flow'd, themselves that they have repented.
Thou with eternal wisdom didst converse. Milt,
Before two months their orb with light adorn,
If heav'n allow me life, I will return. in nothing more befooled; the nature of sin being
Dryden, not only to defile, but to infatuate. Souto.
2. In time past. BEFO'R E. prep. [biforan, Sax.]
Such a plenteous crop they bore 3. Further onward in place.
Of purest and well winnow'd grain,
As Britain never knew before. Drydex. Their common practice was to look no further before them than the next line; whence it will
3. In some time jately past. follow that they can drive to no certain point.
I shall resume somewhat which hath been be. Dryden.
foresaid, touching the question beforegoing. Hale, 2. In the front of; not behind.
4. Previously to; in order to. Who should go
Before this elaborate treatise can become of use Before them, in a cloud and pillar of fire,
to my country, two points are necessary. Swifi, By day a cloud, by night a pillar of fire, 5. To this time ; hitherto. To guide them in their journey; and remove
The peaceful cities of th' Ausonian shore, Behind them, while the obdurate king pursues.
Lull'd in her ease, and undisturb'd before,
Dryder 3. In the presence of: noting authority or
You tell me, mother, what I knew before, conquest. Great queen of gathering clouds,
The Phrygian feet is landed on the shore. Dryde Sec we fail before thee!
7. Further onward in place. Prostrate we adore thee!
Thou 'rt so far before,
The swiftest wing of recompence is slow
Sbakspeare, 4. In the presence of: noting respect.
BEFO'R EHAND. adv. (from before and We see that blushing, and casting down of the band.] eyes, both are more when we come before many. I. In a state of anticipation, or preoc
cupation : sometimes with the particle They represent our poet betwixt a farmer
with. and a courtier, when he drest himself in his best habit, to appear before his patron. Dryden.
Quoth Hudibras, I am beforeband
In that already with your command. Hudibras, 5. In sight of
Your soul has been beforehand with your body, Before the eyes of both our armies here,
And drunk so deep a draught of promis'd bliss, Let us not wrangle. Shakspeare. She slumbers o'er the cup.
Dryden. 6. Under the cognizance of: noting juris. I have not room for many reflections; the last diction.
cited author has been beforehand with me, in its If a suit be begun before an archdeacon, the
Addisen. ordinary may license the suit to an higher court. 2. Previously; by way of preparation, or
preliminary: 7. In the power of: noting the right of His profession is to deliver precepts necessary choice.
to eloquent speech; yet so, that they which re The world was all before them, where to chuse, ceive them, may be taught beforeband the skill of Their place of rest, and Providence their guide. speaking
Hooker. Milton. When the lawyers brought extravagant bills, Giveus this evening; thou hast mornand night, sir Roger used to bargain beforeband, to cut off And all the year, before thee for delight. Dryd. a quarter of a yard in any part of the bill. He hath putus in the hands of our own coun
Arbutbnor. sel. Life and death, prosperity and destruction, 3. Antecedently ; aforetime. are before us.
Tillotson, It would be resisted by such as had beforeband $. By the impulse of something behind. resisted the general proofs of the gospel. Het part, poor soul! seeming as burdened
Atterbury. With lesser weight, but not with lesser woe,
4. In a state of accumulation, or so as Was carried with more speed before the wind. that more has been received than ex
pended. Hurried by fate, he cries, and borne before Stranger's house is at this time rich, and much A furious wind, we leave the faithful shore. Dryd. beforeband; for it hath laid up revenue these Preceding in tim
3. At first ; before any thing is done. of men, magnificent sentiments of God and his What is a man's contending with insuperable
Cbeync. dithculties, but the rolling of Sisyphus's stone up 3. To produce, as accidents. the hill, which is soon beforeband to return upon Is it a time for story, when each minute him again? L'Estrange. Begets a thousand dangers ?
Derban. BE FU'RETIME. adv. [from before and 4. It is sometimes used with on, or upon, time.] Formerly; of old time.
before the mother. Beforetime in Israel, when a man went to en
Begot upon quire of God, thus he spake. 1 Samuel. His mother Martha by his father John. Spectator. To Butu'RTUNE. v. n. (from be and for- BEGE'TTER. n. s. [from beget.] He that, tune.] To happen to; to betide.
procreates, or begets; the father. I give consent to go along with you;
For what their prowess gain'd, the law declares Recking as little what berideta me,
Is to themselves alone, and to their heirs : As much I wish all good befortune you. Shaksp. No share of that goes back to the begetter; To BEFO'UL. v. a. (froni be and foul.] To But if the son fights well, and plunders better make fou! ; to soil; to dirt.
Dryder TO BEFRIEND. v. a. (from be and friend.)
Men continue the race of mankind, commonly
without the intention, and often against the conTo favour; to be kind to; to coun sent and will, of the begetter,
Lockea tenance ; to show friendship to ; to BEGGAR. n. s. [from beg. It is more bencfit.
properly written begger ; but the comIf it will please Cæsar To be so good to Cæsar, as to hear me,
mon orthography is retained, because I shall beseech him to befriend himself. Shats,
the derivatives all preserve the a.] Now, if your plots be" ripe, you are befriended 1. One who lives upon alms; one who has With opportunity.
Denham. nothing but what is given him.
He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and And tell me if the winds and seas befriend them. lifreth the beggar from the dunghill, to set Addison. them among princes.
1 Samuci. Be thou the first true merit to befriend;
We see the whole equipage of a begrar so His praise is lost, who stays till all commend. drawn by Homer, as even to retain a nobleness
Brooine. Brother-servants must befriend one another. 2. One who supplicates for any thing; a
Szeift. petitioner: for which, beggar is a harsh TO BEFRI'NGE. v.a.[from be and fringe.]
and contemptuous term. To decorate, as with fringes.
What subjects will precarious kings regard? When I flatter, let my dirty leaves A beggar speaks too softly to be heard. Ďrydstio Clothe spice, line trunks, or, flutt'ring in a row, 3. One who assumes what he does not Bofringe the rails of Bedlam and Sono. Pope.
prove. TO BEĞ. v. n. (beggeren, Germ.] To live
These shameful beggars of principles, who upon alms; to live by asking relief of
give this precarious account of the original of others.
things, assume to themselves to be men of reason. I cannot dig ; to beg I am ashamed. Luke.
Tillotson. TO BEG. v. a.
TO BE'GGAR. v. a. (from the noun.] 3. To ask ; to seek by petition.
1. To reduce to beggary; to impoverish. He went to Pilate, and begged the body.
Whose heavy hand hath bow'd you to the Mattbero,
grave, See how they beg an alms of flattery. Young.
And begrar'd yours for ever. Shakspearea
They shall spoil the clothiers wool, and bega 2. To take any thing for granted, without
Graunt. evidence or proof.
gar the present spinners.
The raiser We have not begged any, principles or suppo
With heav'n, for two-pence, cheapiy wipes liis sitions, for the proof of this; but taking that score, common ground, which both Moses and all an Lifts his eyes, and hastes to beggar more. tiquity present. Burnet,
Girme TO BEGE'T. v. a. I begot, or begat; I have
2. To deprive.
Necessity, of matter beggared, begotten, or begot. [begettan, Saxon,
Will nothing stick our persons to arraign to obtain. See To GET]
In ear and ear.
Sbaispeare, !. To generate; to procreate ; to become
3. To exhaust. the father of, as children.
For her person,
It beggar'd all description; she did lie
Svakspeare, I talk of dreams,
BE'GGARLINESS. n. s. [from beggarly.) Which are the children of an idle brain, Begot of nothing but vain phantasy. Sbakspeare.
The state of being beggarly; meanness; Who hath begotten me these, seeing I have lost poverty. my children, and am desolare? Isaiah. BE'GGARLY. adj. [from beggar.] Mean;
'Twas he the noble Claudian race begat. Dryd. poor; indigent ; in the condition of a Love is begot by fancy, bred
beggar: used both of persons and things. By ignorance, by expectation fed. Granville. I ever will, though he do shake me off 2. To produce, as effects.
To beggarly divorcement, love him dearly. Shat, If to have done the thing you gave in charge, A baggarly account of empty boxes. Sbaksp. Beget your happiness, be hairy then;
Who, that behold such a bankrupt begguring Por it is done.
Shakspeare. fellow as Cromwell entering the parliament My wholc intention was to bezet, in the misus house, with a thread-bare, torn cloak, aad
BEG greasy hat, could have suspected that he should,
1. To do the first act of any thing; to by the murder of one king and the banishment of another, ascend the throne ?
pass from not doing to doing, by the
first act. The next town has the reputation of being extremely poor and beggarly.
Ye nymphs of Solyma, begin the song. Pope. Corusodes, by extreme parsimony, saved
They have been awaked, by these awful scenes, thirty-four pounds out of a beggarly fellowship.
to begin religion; and afterwards, their virtue Swift.
has improved itself into more retined principles, BE'GGARLY.adv. [from beggar.] Meanly;
by divine grace.
Watts. despicably ; indigently.
2. To trace from any thing, as the first Touching God himself, hath he revealed, that
ground. it is his delight to dwell bergarly? and that he The apostle begins our knowledge in the creataketh no pleasure to be worshipped, saving only
tures, which leads us to the knowledge of God. in poor cottages? Hooker.
Locke. BE'GGARY: n. s. [from beggar.] Indi- 3. To begin svith. To enter upon; to fall
to work upon. gence; poverty in the utmost degree.
On he broucht me into so bare a house, that A lesson which requires so much time to learn, it was the picture of miserable happiness and
had need be early begun with. Gor.of Tongue. rich beggar,
Sidcy. BEGI'NNER. n. s. (from begin.] While I am a beggar, I will rail, 1. He that gives the first cause, or original, And say there is no sin but to be rich :
to any thing. And being rich, my virtue then shall be,
Thus hvaping crime on crime, and grief on To say there is no vice but beggary. Shakspeare.
grief, We must become not only poor for the
To loss of love adjoining loss of friend, sent, but reduced, by further mortgages, toa state
I meant to purge both with a third mischief, of beggary for endless years to come. Sayt.
And, in my woe's beginner, it to end. Spenser. 70 BL GIN V. 1!. I began, or begun; I Socrates maketh Ignatius, the bishop of An
have begun. [beginnan, Sax. from be, tioch, the first beginner thereof, even under the or by, and zanzan, gaan, or gan, to apostles then selves.
2. An unexperienced attempter; one in 1. To enter upon something new: applied
his rudiments; a young practitioner.
Palladius, behaving himself nothing like a be, to persons. Beyin every day to repent : not that thou
ginner, brought the honour to the Iberian side. shouldst at all dcfcr it; but all that is post ought
Sidrer. to seem little to thec, seeing it is so in itself.
They are, to beginners, an easy and familiar Begin the next day with the same zeal, fear, and
introduction; a mighty augmentation of all virhumility, as if thou hadse never begun before.
tue and knowledge in such as are entered before.
I have taken a list of several hundred words 2. To commence any action or state ; to
in a serinon of a new beginner, which not one do the first act, or first part of an act;
hearer could possibly understand.
Swift. to make the first step from not doing to
BEGI'SNING. n. S. [from begin.] doing
1. The first original or cause. They began at the ancient men which were
Wherever we place the beginning of motion, before the house.
whether from the head or the heart, the body By peace we will begin.
Stakspeare. moves and acts by a consent of all its parts. I'll sing of heroes and of kings : Begin, my nuse ! Cocleg.
2. The entrance into act, or being. Of these no more you hear him speak; He now begins up on the Greek:
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.
Genesis. These, rang'd and show'd, shall in their turns Remain oscure as in their urns. Prior.
3. The state in which any thing first is. Beginning from the rural gods, his hand
Youth, what man's age is like to be, doth Was lib’ral to the pow'rs of high command.
We may our end by our beginning know. Denbam. Rapt into future times, the bard begun,
4. The rudiments, or first grounds or maA virgin shall conceive.
terials. 3. To enter upon existence; as, the world By viewing nature, nature's bandmaid, art, began ; the practice began.
Makes mighty things from small beginningsgrow: I am as free as Nature first made man,
Thus fishes first to shipping did impart, Fre the base laws of servitude began,
Their tail the rudder, and their head the prow. When wild in woods the noble savage ran. Dryd.
Dryden. 4. To have its original.
The understanding is passive; and whether or And thus the hard and stubborn race of man
not it will have these beginnings, and materials
of knowledge, is not in its own power. Locke, From animated rock and fiint began. Blackmore. From Nimrod first the savage chace began ;
5. The first part of any thing. A mighty hunter, and his game was nian. Pope.
The causes and designs of an action, are the 3. To take rise ; to commence.
beginning; the effects of these causes, and the
dificulties that are met with in the execution of Judgment must begin at the house of God.
these designs, are the middle; and the unravelThe song begun from Jove. Dryden.
ling and resolution of these difficulties, are the
end. All began,
Broome. All ends, in love of God and love of man. Pope. TO BEGIRD. 7. a. I begirt, or begirded; I 6. To come into act.
have bogirt. from be and gird.] Now and then a sigh he stole,
1. To bind with a girdle. And tears began to fow.
Dryden, 2. To surround ; to encircle ; to encom. TO BEGI'N. v.a.
Begird th' Almighty throne, BEGU'N. The participle passive of begin Boseeching, or besieging.
Miltor. But thou, bright morning star, thou rising sun, Or should she, confident Which in these lutter times hast brought to light As sitting queen adorn'd on beauty's throne, 'Those mysteries, that since the world begru Descend, with all her winning charms begirt, Lay hid in darkness and etcrnal night. Davies. T'enamour.
Milton. BEHA'LF. o. s. [This word Skinner deAt home surrounded by a servile crowd, Prompt to abuse, and in detraction loud :
rives from half, and interprets it, for Abroad begirt with men, and swords, and spears;
my half; as, for my part. It seems to His very state acknowledging his fears. Prior. me rather corrupted from behoof, profit; 3. To shut in with a siege ; to beleaguer; the pronunciation degenerating easily to block up.
to behafe ; which, in imitation of other It was so closely begirt before the king's march words so sounded, was written, by those into the west, that the council humbly desired his who knew not the etymology, behalf.:]
majesty, that he would relieve it. Clarendon. TO BEGI'RT. v. a. (This is, I think, only
1. Favour ; cause favoured: we say in be
half, but for the sake. a corruption of begird; perhaps by the He was in confidence with those who designed printer.] To begird. See Begird.
the destruction of Strafford; against whom he had And, Lentulus, begirt you Pompey's house, contracted some prejudice, in the bcbalf of his To seize his sons alive; for they are they
Clarendon. Must make our peace with him. Ben Jonson. Were but my heart as naked to thy view, BEGLERBEG. 11. [Turkish.] The Marcus would see it bleed in his behalf. Aldison. chief governour of a province among
Never was any nation blessed with more frethe Turks.
quent interpositions of divine providence in its TO BEGNA'W. v. Q. [from be and gnaw.]
2. Vindication ; support. To bite; to eat away; to corrode ; to
He might, in his presence, defy all Arcadian nibble. His horse is stark spoiled with the staggers,
knights, in the behalf of his mistress's beauty,
. Sidney. begnawn with the bots, waid in the back, and
Lest the fiend, shoulder-shotten.
Shekspeare. Or in behalf of man, or to invade The worm of conscience still begnaw thy soul. Vacant possession, some new troubles raise. Sbakspeare's Richard 11.
Milton, BEGO'Ne. interject. [only a coalition of Others believe that, by the two Fortunes,
the words be gone.] Go away; hence ; were meant prosperity or affliction ; and prohaste away.
duce, in their behalf, an ancient monument. Begone! the goddess cries with stern disdain, To BEHA'VE. v. a. [from be and have.]
Addison on Italy. Begone! nor dare the hallow'd stream to stain.
She Hed, for ever banish'd from the train. Addis. 1. To carry; to conduct : used almost al. BEGO'r. The participle passive of ways with the reciprocal pronoun. BEGOʻTTEN.) beget.
We bebaved not ourselves disorderly among Remember that thou wast begot of them. you.
Thess. Ecclus. Manifest signs caine from heaven unto those The first he met, Antiphates the brave,
that behaved tbeinselves manfully: 2 Maccabresa But base begotten on a Theban slave. Dryden,
To their wills wedded, to their errours slaves, To BEGRE'ÅSE. v. a. (from be and grease.]
No man like them, they think, bimself beboes.
Denham. To soil or daub with unctuous or fat
We so live, and so act, as if we were secure of matter.
the final issue and event of things, however we To BBGRI'ME. v. a. (from be and grime. may bebave ourselves.
Atterbury. See GRIME and GRIM.] To soil with 2. It seems formerly to have had the sense dirt deep impressed ; to soil in such a of, to govern; to subdue; to discipline : manner that the natural hue cannot but this is not now used. easily be recovered.
But who his limbs with labours, and his mind that was as fresh
Bebaves with cares, cannot so easy miss. FairyQ. As Dian's visage, is now begrim'd, and black
With such saber and unnoted passion As my own face.
He did believe his anger ere 't was spent, To BEGUI'LE. v. a. (from be and guile.]
As if he had but prov'd an argument. Shaksp. 1. To impose upon; to delude ; to cheat. To BEHA've, v. 2. To act; to conduct This I say, lest any man should beguile you
one's self. It is taken either in a good with enticing words.
Colossians. or a bad sense ; as, he behaved well or The serpent me beguild, and I did eat! Milt. ill. Whosoever sees a man, who would have bem
BEHA'VIOUR. n. s. [from behave.] guiled and imposed upon him by making him Believe a lye, he may truly say, that is the man
1. Manner of behaving one's self, whether who would have ruined me.
South, good or bad ; manners ; carriage, with 2. To deceive; to evade.
respect to propriety. Is wretchedness depriv'd that benefit,
Mopsa, curious in any thing but her own good To end itself by death? ”T is yet some comfort,
bebaviour, followed Zelmane. Sidney. When misery could beguile the tyrant's rage, 2. External appearance, with respect to. And frustrate his proud will. Sbakspears.
grace. 3. To deceive pleasingly; to amuse.
lie mark'd, in Dora's dancing, good grace and Sweet, leave me here awhile; handsome behaviour.
Sidney. My spirits grow dull, and fain I would beguile
3. Gesture; manner of action, adapted to The tedious day with sleep. Sbakspeare. particular occasions.
With these sometimes she doth her time beguile; Well witnessing the most submissive lebaviour These do by fits her phantasy possesse Davies, that a thralled heast could express. Sidney,
When we make profession of our faith, we To visit of those happy tribes, stand; when we acknowledge our sins, or seek On hig! bebests his angels to and fro unto God for favour, we fall down; because the Passid frequene.
Milied gesture of constancy becometh us best in the one, In heav'n God ever blest, and his divine in the other the behaviour of humility. Hooker, Bebests obey, worthiest to be obey'd! Miltir.
One man sees how much another man is a TO BEHIGHT. w a. pret. behot, part. fool, when he dedicates his behaviour to love.
bebigbt. [from hatan, to promise, Sax.]
Sbakspeare. And he changed his bebaviour before them, and
This word is obsolete. feigned himself mad in their hands. 1 Samuel.
1. To promise. 4. Elegance of manners; gracefulness.
Sir Guyon, mindful of his vow yplight, The beautiful prove accomplished, but not of
Up rose from drowsy couch, and him addrest great spirit; and study, for the most part, rather
Unto the journey which he had bebighi. Fairy Q. behaviour than virtue.
2. To entrust ; to commit. He who adviseth the philosopher, altogether
That most glorious house that glist'reth bright devoted to the Muses, sometimes to offer sacri Whereof the keys are to thy hand bebigbt fice to the altars of the Graces, thought know
By wise Fidelia.
Fairy Queen. ledge imperfect without bebaviour, Wotton. 3. Perhaps to call ; to name : bigbe being s. Conduct; general practice; course of often put, in old authors, for named, or life.
was named. To him, who hath a prospect of the state that BEHI'ND. prep. (hindan, Saxon.] attends inen after this life, depending on their I. At the back of another. behaviour here, the measures of good and evil
Acomates hasied with harquebusiers, which are changed.
he had caused his horsemen to take bebind them 6. To be upon one's behaviour. A familiar
upon their horses.
Knolless phrase, noting such a state as requires 2. On the back part ; not before. great caution; a state in which a failure She came in the press bebind, and touched in behaviour will have bad consequences.
Mark. Tyrants themselves are upon their bebaviour 3. Toward the back. to a superiour power.
L'Estrange, The Benjamnites looked bebind them. Judges. To BEHE'AD. v. a. [from be and head.] 4. Following another. To deprive of the head; to kill by cüt.
Her husband went with her, weeping bebind ting off the head.
2 Samuel His beheading he underwent with all christian 5. Remaining after the departure of somemagnanimity.
Clarendon. thing else.
He left bebind him myself and a sister, both By chains connext, and with destructive sweep
born in one hour.
Svakspeare. Behead whole troops at once. Philips. Piety and virtue are not only delightful for Mary, queen of Scots, was bebeaded in the
the present, but they leave peace and contenta reign of queen Elizabeth. Addison. meni bebind them.
Tillotsoni. BEHE'LD. The participle passive of behold. 6. Remaining after the death of those to
All hail! ye virgin daughters of the main! whom it belonged. Ye streams, beyond my hopes boheld again! Pope. What he gave me to publish, was but a small BE'HEMOTH. n. š. Behemoth, in Hebrew, part of what he left behind him. Pop:.
signifies beasts in general, particularly 9. At a distance from something going bethe larger kind, fit for service. But fore. Job speaks of an animal behemoth, and Such is the swiftness of your mind, describes its properties. Bochart has
That, like the earth's, it leaves our sense bebind. taken much care to make it the hippo- 8. Inferiour to another; having the poste
Dryders potamus, or river horse. Sanctius thinks it is an ox. The fathers suppose the
riour place with regard to excellence.
After the overthrow of this first house of God, devil to be meant by it. But we agree a second was erected; but with so great odds, with the generality of interpreters, that that they wept, which beheld how much this it is the elephant. Calmet. latter came bebind it.
Hooker. Behold now behemoth, which I made with 9. On the other side of something. thee; he cateth grass as an ox.
From light retir'd bebind his daughter's bed, Behold! in plaited mail
He, for approaching sleep, compos'd his head. Bebemotb rears his head. Thomson.
Drydens BE'HEN. n. s. Valerian roots. Also a BEHI'ND. adv. BEN. } fruit resembling the tamarisk,
1. Out of sight ; not yet produced to from which perfumers extract an oil. view; remaining.
Dict. We cannot be sure that we have all the par. BEHE'st. n. s. [from be and hest; hær, ticulars before us, and that there is no evidence Saxon.] Command ; precept ; man
behind, and yet unseen, which may cast the prodate.
bability on the other side.
Lester Her tender youth had obediently lived under
2. Most of the former senses may become her parents bebests, without framing, out of her adverbial, by suppressing the accusative own will, the forechoosing of any thing. Sidney. case; as, I left my money bebind, or beSuch joy he had their stubborn hearts to quell,
hind me. And sturdy courage tame with dreadful awe, Thar his bebest they fear'd as a proud tyrant's
BEHI'NDHAND. adv. (from bebind and law.
hand.] I, messenger from everlasting Jove,
1. In a state in which rent or-profit, or any In his great ane tus his debesi do tel. Fairfax. advantage, is anticipated, so that less it