Imágenes de páginas

3. The act of discharging a debt by paying part; the sum paid. 10. Consistency; congruity. There is no composition in these news, That gives them credit. —Indeed they are disproportion'd. Shakspeare. 11. [In grammar.] The joining of two words together; or the prefixing a par...ticle to another word, to augment, diminish, or change its signification. 12. A certain method of demonstration in mathematicks, which is the reverse of the analytical method, or of resolution. It proceeds upon principles in themselves self-evident ; on definitions, postulates, and axioms, and a previously demonstrated series of propositions, step by step, till it gives a clear knowledge of the thing to be demonstrated. This

is called the synthetical method, and is

used by Euclid in his Elements. Harris.

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

4, Frame ; make ; temperament. To reel the streets at noon, and stand the buffe With *:: that smell of sweat; say this becomes linn As his composure must be rare indeed, Whom these things cannot blemish. Shahpeare. The duke of Buckingham sprung, without any help, by a kind of congenial composure, te: the likeness of our late sovereign and master. - Wolton. 5. Adjustment. - God will rather look to the inward raptures of the mind, than to the outward form and composure of the body. Duppa. 6. Composition ; framed discourse. Discourses on such occasions are seldom the productions of leisure, and should be read with

‘ those favourable allowances that are made to

hasty composurer. Atterbury. In the corporures of men, remember you are a man as well as they; and it is not their reason, but your own, that is given to guide you. Watts on the Mind. 7. Sedateness; calmness; tıaoquility. To whom the virgin majesty of Eve, As one who loves, and some unkindness meets, With sweet austere composure thus replied. Milt, The calmest and serencst hours of life, when: the passions of nature are all silent, and the mund enjoys its most perfect composure. Watts. 8. Agreement ; compositioi, ; settlement of differences. The treaty at Uxbridge gave the fairest hopes of an happy composure. - Ming Charlet. Van guard; to right and left the front unfold;" *That all may see, who hate us, how we seek Peace and composure. Milton's Paradise Lort. ; Things were not brought to an extremity: ther seems yet to be room left for a cooporure; hereafter there may be only for pity. %: CoA. For A" rio N. n. J. Ecomporatio, Lat.] The act of drinking or tippling together. Secrecy to words spoke under the rose, only mean, in copotation, from the ancient custom in symposiack meetings, to wear chaplets of Ioses. Brozco's Pulgar Errourr. If thou wilt prolong Dire composition, forthwith reason quits Her empire to confusion and misrule, And waii debates: then twenty tongues at once Conspire in senseless jargon; nought is heard But din, and various clamour, and madrant. Philip. To COMPO'UND. v. a. [compon”, Lat.) I. To mingle many ingredients together in one mass. - 2. To form by uniting various parts. Whosoever compoundeth any like it, shall be cut off. Exodus. It will be difficult to evince, that mature does not make decompounded bodies; I mean, mingle together such bodies as are already compound:# of elementary, or rather of simple ones. Boyl-. The o: each but one single perception, are easier got than the more conjplex ones; and therefore are not liable to the uncertainty which attends those compounded ones. Locke. 3. To mingle in diferent positions; to: combine.

! We cinnot have a single image that did not enter through the sight; but we have the power of altering and compounding those images into all , the varieties of picture. Ziddison's Spectator. 4. Lln grammar. J . To form one word from two or more words. . ... Where it and Tigris embrace each other under the city of Apamia, there do they agree of - a joint and compounded name, and are called : "iso-Tigris. . Raleigh's History of the World. 5. To compose by being united. Who 'd be so mock'd with glory, as to live . But in a dream of friendship? To have his pomp, and all what state contounds, *But only painted like his varnish'd friends! Slat peare's Tinen.

6. To adjust a difference by some reces

sion from the rigour of claims.

* I would to God all strifes were well co

[blocks in formation]

remitter!. They were, at last, clad to compound for his ‘bare commitment to the "l'ower. Corradon. . . Pray but for half the virtues of this wife; - Cor:pound for all the rest, with longer life. Dry. 2. To bargain in the lump. Here's a fellow will help you to-morrow; o •ompound with him by the year. Soak-peare. 3. ‘To come to terms, by granting some... thing on each side. Cornwalczofounded to furnish ten oxen after Michaelmas for thirty pounds. Care+. Once more L come to know of thee, king * - Harry, is for thy ransom thou wilt now comford, Defore thy most assured-overthrow? Shakspeare. Made all the royal stars recant, Compound, and take the covenant. Hudibrar. ... Büt useless all, when he despairing found Catullus then did with the wifts of old. ryden's juvenal, Paracelsus and his admirers have of...; with the Galtnists, and brought a mixed use of chymical medicines into the present practice. Temple. 4. To determine. This is not in use. We here deliver, Subscribed by the consuls and patricians, Together with the seal o' the Senate, what We have compounded on. Shakspeare's Goriol. Co'M Pot N 1... adj. [from the verb.] 1. Formed out of many ingredients; not simple. - - The ancient electrum had in it a fifth of silver to the gold; and made a compound metal, as

[ocr errors]

2. [In grammar.] Composed of two or - more werds; not simple.

These who are his greatest admirers, seem pleased with them as beauties; 1 speak of his scope.nd epithe:s. Pope. 3. CoM Pou No or aggregated Flower, in botany, is such as consists of many littie howers, concurring together to make

up one whole one; each of which his its style and stamina, and adhering seed, and are all contained within one and the same calyx : such are the sunflower, and dandelion. Harris, Co'M Pou N D. m. s. [from the verb.] The mass formed by the union of many in: gredients. For present use or profit, this is the rule: cosider the price of the two simple bodies; cons. der again the dignity of the one above the other in use ; then see if you can make a cowo, that will save more in price than it will so

[ocr errors]

Love why do we one passion call, When 't is a compound of them all; Where hot and Čold, where sharp and sweet, In all their equipages meet 2 Swift. CoM po'UN DAB Lt. adj. [from compound.] Capable of being compounded. CoMo'o'cN DE R. n.s.. [from To compound] 1. One who endeavours to bring parties to terms of agreement. Those softners, sweetners, temporiri, and expedient-mongers, who shake their heads o strongly. Soft 2. A mingler; one who mixes bodies.

T. COMPREHE'ND. v.a. [comprehend, Latin.] I. To comprise; to include; to contain; - to imply. - - If there he any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, name's Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Roo. It would be ridiculous to grow old in th: study of every necessary thing, in an art who comprehand, so many several parts. Doir 2. To contain in the mind; to under stand ; to conceive. Rome was not better by her Horace taught, Than we are here, to comprehend his o: "T is unjust, that they who have not the less notion of heroic writing, should therefore to demn the pleasure which others receive from * because they cannot comprehend it. Dro,

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][graphic]

#ension of the New, in the New an open discovery of the Old. Rooker. The comprehension of an idea, regards all es'sential modes and properties of it; so body, in its comprehension, takes in solidity, figure, quan, tity, mobility. , ** Watts' Logics. 2. "Summary epitome ; compendium ; abstract; abridgment in which much is comprised. If we would draw a short abstract of human happiness, bring together all the various ingre... dients of it, and digest them into one prescription, we must at last fix on this-wise and religious aphorism in my text, as the sum and romprehension of all. Rogers. 3. Knowledge ; capacity ; power of the mind to admit and contain many ideas at once. You give no proof of decay of your judgment, and comprehension of all things within the compass of an human understanding. Dryden. 4. [In rhetorick. J A trope or figure, by which the name of a whole is put for a part, or that of a part for the whole, or a definite number for an indefinite. Harris. CoM PR E He’Ns 1 v E. adj. [from compreBend.] . 1. Having the power to comprehend or understand many things at once. He must have been a man of a most wonderful comprehensive nature: because he has taken into the compass of his Canterbury Tales, the various manners and homours of the whole English nation in his age; not a single character has escaped him. 1), yden's Fables, Preface, His hand unstain'd, his uncorrupted heart, His comprehensive head : all interests weigh'd; All Europe sav’d, yet Britain not betray'd. . ." - o- or Pope's Epither. 2. Having the quality of comprising much ; compendious ; extensive, So diffusive, so comprehensive, so catholick a grace is charity, that whatever time is the op* portunity of any other virtue, that time is the opportunity of charity. . . ." Spratt's Sermons. CoM PR E HE'N's 1 v Ely ado.' [from comprehensive..] In 2&omprehensive manner. Cox PR E HE'S si v EN Ess. n.s. (from comprehensive.] The quality of including much in a few words or narrow compass. , Compare the beauty and comprehensiveness of legends on ancient coins. Addison. To COMPRESS. v. a. [compressus, Lat.] ** To force into a narrower compass; to squeeze together. 3. To embrace. .* Her Neptune ey'd, with bloom of beauty blest, - And in his cave the yielding nymph comprest. Pope', 0/yssey. There was in the island of Io a young girl **Pressed by a genius, who delighted to associate with the muscs. Pope. CoMPR ess. n...[from the verb.] Böl. sters of linen, by which surgeons suit their bandages for any particular part or purpose. Souincy. **pplied an intercivient about the ankle and \PPor part of the foot, and by *; and Ço ndagé dressed it up. 'iseman. '****ssi Ba'lity. n.s.. [from compreswièie.] The quality of being compres

[ocr errors]

sible; the quality of admitting to be brought by force into a narrower compass: as air may be compressed, but water can by no violence be reduced to less space than it naturally occupies. CoM PRE'ssible. adj. [from compress.] Capable of being forced into a narrower compass; yielding to pressure, so as that one part is brought nearer to another. There being spiral particles, accounts for the elasticity of air; there being spherical particles, which gives free assage to any heterogeneous matter, accounts for air's being carorestible. Cheyne's Philosophical Principles. CoMPR E'ssi B L E N Ess. n. 3. [from compressible.] Capability of being pressed close. Dict. CoMi Re'ss to N. m. f. [compressio, Latin.] • The act of bringing the parts of any body more near to each other by vio., lcnce; the quality of admitting such an effort of force as may compel the body compressed into a narrower space. WI.ensoever a solid body is pressed,there is an inward tumult in the parts, seeking to deliver themselves from the compression; and this is the cause of all violent motion. Bacon. The powder in shot, being dilated into such a flame is endureth not compression, movetk in • round, the flame being in the nature of a liquid -body, sometimes recoiling. . . . . Bacon. Tears are the effects of the compression of the moisture of the brain, upon dilatation of the aspirits. . Bacon's Natural History. Merry Michael, the Cornish poet, piped this ,-upon his oaten pipe for merry England, but ...with a mocking compression for Normandy. • *- Caraden's Remaint. . He that shall find out an hypothesis, by which water may be so rare, and yet not be capable of compression by force, may doubtless, by the same hypothesis, make gold and water, and all other bodies, as much rarer as he pleases; so that light may find a ready passage through transparent substances. cowoon. Coxip R. L.'ssu R E. n. 4. [from compress.] ... The act or force of one body pressing against another. - ... We tried whether heat would, notwithstand... iug, so forcible a compressure, dilate it. Boyle. To CoM Pt. 1'N T. v. n. I comprimere, Lat: } . . To print together; it is commonly taken, in law, for the deceitful printing of another's copy, or book, to the prejudice of the rightful proprietor. . . . . Phillips' Warli of Word. To Contro 1's E. v. a. i comprovidre, ironpris, French.] To contain ; to com... prehend ; to include. Necessity of shortness causeth men to cut of impertinent discourses, and to co"prise much matter in few words. - otrer. Do they not, under doctrine, comprehend the same that we intend by matters of faith 2 Do not th y, under discipline, comprise the regimen of the church 2 Hezler. "Tis the polluted love that multiplies; But friendship docs two souls in one comprite. Roscommon, CoM P Rob A'rio N. m. J. [comprobo, Lat., Proof; attestation. That is only esteemed a legal testimony, which receives comprobation from the mouths of at least two witnesses. Brow”, CO'MPROMISE. n. J. Loompromissum, Latin.]

1. A mutual promise of two or more parties at difference, to refer the ending of their controversies to the arbitrement or equity of one or more arbitrators. Cowell. 2. A compact or bargain, in which some concessions are made on each side. W-1s have not wasted it: for warr'd he hath not : But basely victed, upon compromire, That which his ancestors achiev'd with blows. Sbatocaro's Richard 11. To Co's Pro Mrse. .... a. fron, the noun.] 1. To compound; to adjust a compact by mutual concessions: as, they coinpromised the oftir at a middle rate. 2. In Shakspeare it means, unusually, to accord; to agree. ... Luban and himself were compromis'2, Titat all the yearlings which were streak'd and

[ocr errors]

Which is no other, But to recover from us by strong hand, And terms compalatory, those foresaidlands So by his father lost. Shai-Azar's Hasid Cox ru’istos. n. 1. [compulsio, Latin.] 1. The act of compelling to something; force; violence of the agent. . . If reasons were as plenty as blackberries 1 would give no man a reason on reopolies. Shek Thoughts, whither have ye led me? wo that sweet Compulsion thus transported: Milton Pir.L*. Sich sweet empahien doth in musick lie, To lull the daughters of necessity. 2. The state of being compelled; violence suffered. - ionis, in an agent capable of voor, when the beginning or continuation of anyon

is contrary to the preference of his mind. Lak. When the fierce foe hung on our broken reu, With what ulsion and laborious flight

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

compur ca'rios.ns.[conourgatio, Lat] • The practice of justifying any man’s veracity by the testimony of another. Cox PURGA" to R. m. s. [Latin.] One who bears his testimony to the credibility of another. - o The next quarry, or chalk-pit, will give abundant attestation : these are so obvious, that I need not be far to seek for a compurgiter. - //voward's Naiura, Isistery. CoM Pu'r A B I. F. adj. from compute.] Capable of being numbered or computed. lf, instead of twenty-four letters, there were twenty-four millions; as those twenty-four millions are a finite number, so would all continations thereof be finite, though not easily computable by arithmetick. Hale's Orig. of Maniini. CoM PUT A^T 1 o N. n. J. L.from compute.] 1. The act of reckoning ; calculation. My princely father Then, by just computation of the time, Found that the issue was not his. Sockpears. 2. The sum collected or settled by calculation. We pass for women of fifty; many additional years are thrown into female computations of this nature. dison's Guardian. ?: COMPUTE. v. a. [computo, Latin.] To reckon ; to calculate ; to number; to count. Compute how much water would be requisite to lay the earth under water. Burnet. Where they did compute by weeks, yet still the year was measured by months. Holder. Alas! not dazzled with their noon-tide ray, Compute the morn and ev'ning to the day; The whole amount of that enormous fame, A tale that blends their glory with their shame. Pope. CoM Pu're. n. . [computus, Lat.] Computation ; calculation. Though there were a fatality in this year, yet divers were out in their account; aberring several ways from the true and just compute, and calling that one year which perhaps might be another. - rown's Vulgar Errouri.

Co Met're R. n. . [from compute.] Reckoner; accountant; calculator. The kalendars of these coropaters, and the accounts of these days, are different. JBrown. I have known some such ill computers, as to imagine the many millions in stocks so much real wealth. Swift. €o'Mpur is T. n.s...[computiste, Fr.] Calculator; one skilled in the art of numbers or computation. The treasurer was a wise man, and a strict computist. Wotton. 'e conceive we have a year in three hundred and sixty-five days exact': computists tell us, ... that we escape six hours. Brown. -Co'M R A D F. n. 4. [camerade, Fr. from camera, a chamber; one that lodges in the same chamber, contubernio fruitum .] .1. One who dwells in the same house or chamber. - Ratner I abjure all roofs, and chuse To be a comrade with the wolf and owl SBaks. 2. A companion ; a partlier in any labour or danger. + oz. , - He permitted them . To put out both thine eyes; and fetter'd send thee Into the common prison, there to grind Among the slaves and asses, thy comrades,

[ocr errors]

... wards, and toothed as the other.

[blocks in formation]

Of muses, Hobbincl, I conne no skill; Enough to me to paint out my unrest. Spensar. 2. To study 5 to commit to memory; to fix in the mind. It is a word now little in use, except in ludicrous language. Pretty answers! have younot been acquainted with goldsmith, wives, and conn'd them out of rings : Slakspeare. Here are your parts; and I am to entreat you to con them by to-morrow night... Shakspeare. Our understonding caunot in this body arrivé so clearly to the knowledge of God, and things invisible, as by orderly conning over the visi and inferiour creatures. Miltos. Shew it him written; and, having the other also written in the paper, shew him that after he has canned the first, and require it of him. Holder's $. of Speech. The books of which I'm chiefly fond, Are such as you have whilom conn'd. Prier. All this while John had conned over such a catalogue of hard words, as were enough to conjure up the devil. 21rhuthany 3. To Co N thanks ; an old expression for to thank. It is the same with scavoir re’. I con him no thanks for 't, in the nature he deliversit. Shakspeare: To CONCA/MERATE. v.a. [concanierc, Lat. To arch over; to vault; to lay concave over. Of the upper beak, an inch and a half cone sisteth of one concamerated bone, bended downGrowCoscAM E. R.A’s 1 o N. n. 4. [from concaverate.] Arch; vault. What a romance is the story of those impossible comerations, and feigned rotations of solid orbs! Glanville'; Sceasis. To CONCATENATE. v. a. [from cotena, Lat. a chain.J. To link together ; to unite in a successive order.

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

These great fragments filling hollow, inclosed under their concave surface a great deal of air. -

[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »