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A'fterwr At H. n. . [from after and wrath.] Anger when the provocation seems past. I hear him mock The luck of Caesar, which the gods give men To excuse their afterwrath. Shakspeare. A"GA. m. s. The title of a Turkish military officer. AGA'i N. adv. [agen, Sax.] 1. A second time; once more; marking the repetition of the same thing. poor remnant of human seed, which remained in their mountains, peopled their country again slowly, by little and little. Bacon. Should Nature's self invade the world again, And o'er the centre spread the liquid main, Thy pow'r were safe. Waller. Go now, deluded man, and seek again New toils, new dangers, on the dusty plain. Dryden’s AFneid. Some are already retired into ion countries; and the rest who possess lands, are determined never to hazard them again, for the sake of establishing their superstition. Swift. 2. On the other hand; marking some opposition or contrariety. His wit increased upon the occasion; and so much the more, if the occasion were sharpened with danger. Again, whether it were the shortness of his foresight, or the strength of his will, certain it is, that the perpetual trouble of his fortunes could not have i. without defects in is nature. Bacon. Those things that we know not what to do withal, if we had them; and those things, again, which another cannot part with, but to his own loss and shame. L'Estrange's Fables. 3. On another part ; marking a transition to some new consideration. Behold yon mountain's hoary height, Made higher with new mounts of snow; Again, behold the winter's weight Oppress the lab'ring woods below. Dryden. 4. In return ; noting reaction, or reciprocal action; as, his fortune worked upon his nature, and his nature again upon his fortune. 5. Back; in restitution. When your head did but ake, I knit my hadkerchief about your brows; The best I had, a princess wrought it me, And I did never ask it you again. Shaksp. 6. In return for any thing; in recompence. That he hath given will he pay again. Proverbr. 7. In order of rank or succession; marking distribution. §: was asked of Demosthenes. What was the chief part of an orator? He answered, Action. What next? Action. What next again? Action. Bacon's #. The cause of the holding green, is the close and compact substance of their leaves, and the redicles of them; and the cause of that again is either the tough and viscous juice of the plant, or the strength and heat thereof. ...too. 3. Besides; in any other time or place. They have the Walloons, who are tall soldiers; yet that is but a spot of ground. . But, on the other side, there is not in the world again such a
spring and seminary of brave milita exag in England, j and Ireland. ry pe acost9. Twice as much ; marking the same uantity once repeated. here are whom heav'n has blest with store of wit, Yet want as much again to manage it; For wit and judgment ever are at strife, Tho' meant each other's aid, like man and wife. ofI should not be sorry to see a chorus . theatre more than as large and as deep again as ours, built and adorned at a king's charges. Dryden. 10. Again and again ; with frequent repetition ; often. This is not to be obtained by one or two hasty . readings: it must be repeated again and again, with a close attention to the tenour of the discourse. - Locke. 11. In opposition; by way of resistance. Who art thou that answerest again f Romans. 12. Back; as returning from some message. ring us word again which way we shall go. Deuteronomy. AGA'1Nst. prep. [ængeon, onzeonb, Sax.] 1. In opposition to any person. And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him. Genesis. 2. Contrary; opposite, in general. That authority of men should prevail with men either against or above reason, is no part of our belief. ooker. He is melancholy without cause, and merry against the hair. Shakspeare. We might work any effect without and against matter; and this not holpen by the co-operation of angels or spirits, i. only by the unity and harmony of nature. Bacon's Natural History. The preventing goodness of God does even wrest him from himself, and save him, as it were, against his will. South. The god, uneasy till he †: . Resolv'd at once to rid himselfo pain ; And, tho' against his custom, call'd aloud. Dryden. Men often say a thing is against their conscience, when really it is not. Swift's Miscel. 3. In contradiction to any opinion. After all that can be said against a thing, this will still be true, that many things possibly are, which we know not of; and that many more things may be than are ; and if so, after all our arguments against a thing, it will be uncertain whether it be or not. Tillotson. The church-clergy have written the best collection of tracts against popery that ever o: ed in England. wift. 4. With contrary motion or tendency : used of material action. Boils and plagues Plaister you o'er, that one infect another Against the wind a mile. Shakspeare's Coriolanur. he kite being a bird of prey, and therefore hot, delighteth in the fresh air; and many times flieth against the wind, as trouts and salmons swim against the stream. Assow. 5. Contrary to rule ë. law.
If aught against o life Thy country sought of thee, it sought unjustly, Against the law of nature, law of nations. Milton. Against the public sanctions of the peace, Against all omens of their ill success, #. fates averse, the rout in arms resort, To force their monarch, and insult the court. Dryden. 6. Opposite to, in place. gainst the Tiber's mouth, but far away. Dryden. 7. To the hurt of another. See sense 5. And, when thou think'st of her eternity, Think not that death against her nature is; Think it a birth and when thougo'st to die, Sing like a swan, as if thou went'st to bliss. Sir j. Davies. 8. In provision for; in expectation of. This mode of speaking probably had its original from the idea of making provision against, or in opposition to, a time of misfortune, but by degrees acquired a neutral sense. It sometimes has the case elliptically suppressed ; as, against he comes, that is, against the time when he comes. Thence she them brought into a stately hall, Wherein were many tables fair dispread, And ready dight with drapets festival, 4. the viands should be ministred. Fairy Q. he like charge was given them against the time they should come to settle themselves in the land promised unto their fathers. Hooker. esay, that ever gainst that season comes, Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated, The bird of dawning singeth all night long; And then they say no spirit walks abroad; The nights are wholesome, then no planets Strike; No fairy takes, no witch hath power to charm; So hallow'd and so gracious is the time. Shakop. To that , he made haste to Bristol that all things might be ready against the prince game thither. Clarendon. Against the promis'd time provides with care, And hastens in the woof the robes he was to wear. Dryden. All which I grant to be reasonably and truly said, and only desire they may be remembered against another day. o: A’GALAxy. n.s.. [from a and ydar...] Want of milk. Dict. Ag A'PE. adv. [from a and gape.] Staring with eagerness, as a bird gapes for Imeat.
in medicine: the male grows on oaks, the female on larches. There are two excrescences which grow upon trees, both of them in the nature of mushrooms: the one the Romans call boletus, which groweth upon the roots of oaks, and was one of the dainties of their table; the other is medicinal, that is called agarick, which groweth upon the tops of oaks; though it be affirmed by some, that it groweth also at the roots. Bacon. AGA'st. adj. [This word, which is usually, by later authors, written aghast, is not improbably the true word, derived from agaze, which has been written aghast. from a mistaken etymology. See AGH ast.] Struck with terrour ; amazed ; frighted to astonishment. Thus roving on In confus'd march forlorn, th' advent'rous bands With shudd'ring horrour Pale, and eyes agait, View'd first their lamentable lot, and found No rest. Milton's Paradise Last. A/GATE. n. 4. [agate, Fr. achates, Lat.] A precious stone of the lowest class, often clouded with beautiful variegations. In shape no bigger than an agate stone, On the forefinger of an alderman. Shakspeare. Agates are only varieties of the flint kind; they have a grey horny ground, clouded, lineated, or spotted with different colours, chiefly dusky, black, brown, red, and sometimes blue. Woodw. A'o. At v. adj. [from agate.] Partaking of the nature of agate. An agaty flint was above two inches in diameter; the whole covered over with a friable Cretaceous crust, PWoodward. To A GA’z E. v. a. [from a and gaze, to set a gazing ; as, amaze, amuse, and i. To strike with amazement; to stupify with sudden terrour. The verb is now out of use. So as they travell'd so they 'gan esp An armed knight toward them gallop fast, That seemed from some feared foe to fly, Or other grisly thing that him agast. Fairy Queen. AGA'z ED. participial adj. , LFrom agaze; which see..] Struck with amazement; terrified to stupidity. Hundreds he sent to hell, and none durst stand him; Here, there, and overy where, enrag'd he flew: The French, exclaim , “ The devil was in arms : All the whole army stood agazed on him. Shak. AGE. n. 4. [age, Fr. anciently, eage or aage: it is deduced by Menage from artatium, of arta. by junius, from aa, which, in the Teutonic dialects, signified long duration.] 1. Any period of time attributed to something, as the whole, or part, of its duration : in this sense we say, the age of man, the several ages of the world, the golden or iron age. One man in his time plays many parts, His life being seven ager. Shakspears.
JHammond. We thought our sires, not with their own content, , ere we came to age, our portion spent. Dryden. 7. In law.
In a man, the age of fourteen years is the age of discretion; and twenty-one years is the full age. In a woman, at seven years of age, the lord her father may distrain his tenants for aid to marry her; at the age of nine years she is dowable; at twelve years, she is able finally to ratify and confirm her former consent given to matrimony; at fourteen, she is enabled to receive her land into her own hands, and shall be out of ward at the death of her ancestor : at sixteen she shall be out of ward, though at the death of her ancestor she was within the age of fourteen years; at twenty-one, she is able to alienate her lands and tenements. At the age of fourteen, a stripling is enabled to choose his own guardian ; at the age of fourteen, a man may consent to marriage. Cowell. A's Ep. adj. [from age. It makes two syllables in poetry.] 1. Old; stricken in years: applied generally to animate beings.
If the comparison do stand between man and man, the aged, for the most part, are best experienced, least subject to rash and unadvised passions. colorr. Novelty is only in request; and it is as dangerous to be aged in any kind of course, as it is virtuous to be constant in any undertaking. Shakspeare. Kindness itself too weak a charm will prove To raise the feeble fires of aged love. Prior. 2. Old: applied to inanimate things. This use is rare, and commonly with some tendency to the pros ia. The people did .. :::::::ii, the images if. and ivory, than they did the groves; and the same Quintilian saith of the aged oaks. Stillingfleet. A'G EDLY. adv. [from aged.] After the manner of an aged person. AGE'N. adv. [agen, Sax. This word is now only written in this manner, though it be in reality the true orthography, for the sake of rhime.] Again; in return. See A G A N. Thus Venus: Thus her son reply'd agen; None of your sisters have we heard or seen. Dryden. A'GEN cy. m. s. [from agent.] 1. The quality of acting; the state of being in action; action. A few advances there are in the followingpapers, tending to assert the superintendence and agency of Providence in the natural world. Woodward. 2. The office of an agent or factor for another; business performed by an agent. Some of the purchasers themselves may be content to live cheap in a worse country, rather than be at the charge of exchange and *:::::: -orro. A'GENT. adj. [agens, Lat.] That which acts: opposed to patient, or that which is acted upon. This success is oft truly ascribed unto the force of imagination upon the body agent; and then, by a secondary means it may upon a diverse body: as, for example, if a man carry a ring, or some part of a beast, believing strongly that it will help him to obtain his love, it may make him more industrious, and again more confident and persisting, than otherwise he would be, Bacon's Nat. Hirt, A’G ENT. n.s. 1. An actor; he that acts; he that possesses the faculty of action. Where there is no doubt, deliberation is not excluded as impertinent unto the thing, but as ... needless in regard of the agent, which seeth already what to resolve upon. Hooker. To whom nor agent, from the instrument, Nor pow'r of working, from the work is known. Davier. Heav'n made us agents free to good or ill, And forc'd it not, tho' he foresaw the will. Freedom was first bestow'd on human race, And prescience only held the second place. Dryd. A miracle is a work exceeding the power of any created agent, consequently o: an effect of the divine omnipotenée. South's Sermont,
2. A substitute; a deputy ; a factor; a person employed to transact the business of another. —All hearts in love, use your own tongues; Let every eye negotiate for itself, And trust no agent. Shakspeare. They had not the wit to send to them, in any orderly fashion, agents or chosen men, to tempt them, and to treat with them. Bacon. Remember, sir, your fury of a wife, Who, not content to be reveng'd on you, The agents of your passion will pursue. Dryd. 3. That which has the 'power of operating, or producing effects upon another thing. #; produced wonderful effects, by the proper application of agents to patients. Temple. AGGELA’t 1o N. n. J. L.Lat. gelu.] Concretion of ice. It is round in hail, and figured in its guttulous descent from the air, growing greater or lesser according to the accretion or pluvious aggelation about the fundamental atoms thereof. Brown. Agg ENERA’t Ion. n. 4. [from ad and generatio, Lat.] The state of growing or uniting to another body. To make a perfect nutrition, there is required , a transmutation of nutriment; now where this conversion or aggeneration is made, there is also required, in the aliment, a similarity of matter. Brown's Pulgar Errours. To A'GGE RATE. v. a. [from agger, Lat.] To heap up. Dict. AGGERo'se. adj. [from agger, Lat.] Full of heaps. Dict. To Agglomerate. v.a. [agglomero, Lat. 1. To gather up in a ball, as thread. 2. To gather together. To AGG lo'MER AT E. v. n. Besides the hard agglomerating salts, The spoil of ages, would impervious choke Their secret channels. Thomson's Autumn. AGGLUT IN ANTs. m. s. [from agglutinate.] Those medicines or applications which have the power of uniting parts together. To AGGLUTINATE. v. n. [from ad and gluten, glue, Lat.] To unite one part to another; to join together, so as not to fall asunder. It is a word almost *Hoopoo. to medicine. he body has got room enough to grow into its full dimensions, which is performed by the daily ingestion of food that is digested into blood; which being diffused through the body, is agglutinated to those parts that were immediate §. agglutinated to the foundation parts of the womb. Harvey on Consumptions. AGGLUT1 NA’t lon. m. s. [from agglutinate.] Union ; cohesion; the act of agglutinating; the state of being agglutinated. The occasion of its not healing by agglutination, as the other did, was from the alteration the ichor had begun to make in the bottom of the wound. . Wiseman's Surgery.
Acai.u'r 1N AT1 ve. adj. [from agglutinate.] That has the power of procuring agglutination. Rowl up the member with the agglutinative rowler. Worman. To AGGRANDI"ZE. v. a. [aggrandiser, Fr.] To make great; to enlarge ; to exalt; to improve in power, honour, or rank. It is applied to persons generally, sometimes to things. If the king should use it no better than the pope did, only to aggrandise covetous churchmen, it cannot be called a jewel in his crown. Ayliff. These furnish us with glorious springs and mediums, to raise and aggrandize our conceptions, to warm our souls, to awaken the better passions, and to elevate them even to a divine pitch, and that for devotional purposes. JWattr. A’G GRAND is EMENT. n. 4. [agrandissement, Fr.] The state of being aggrandized; the act of aggrandizing. A'GC R AND1z ER. m. s. [from aggrandize.] The person that aggrandizes or makes great another. To AGGRA’t E. v. a. saggratare, Ital.] To please; to treat with civilities. Not in use. And in the midst thereof, upon the floor, A lovely bevy of fair ladies sate, Courted of many a jolly paramour; The which them did in modest wise amate, And each one sought his lady to aggrate. Fairy Q. To A'GGRAVATE. v.a. [aggravo, Lat.] 1. To make heavy: used only in a metaphorical sense; as, to aggravate an accusation, or a punishment. A grove hard by sprung up with this their change, His will who reigns above to aggravate Their penance, laden with f.i. ce that Which grew in Paradise, the bait of Eve, Us'd by the tempter. Milton's Paradise Lost. Ambitious Turnus in the press o: And aggravating crimes augments their o: - ryden. 2. To make any thing worse, by the addition of some particular circumstance, not essential. This offence, in itself so heinous, was yet in him aggravated by the motive thereof, which was not malice or discontent, but an aspiring mind to the papacy. Bacon's Henry v11. AG GRAVA’t jos. m. s. [from aggravate.] I. The act of aggravating, or making heavy. 2. The act of enlarging to enormity. A painter added a pair of whiskers to the face, and by a little aggravation of the features changed it into the Saracen's head. 2.1adison, 3. The extrinsical circumstances or accidents, which increase the guilt of a crime, or the misery of a calamity. He, to the sins which he commits, hath the aggravation superadded of committing them against knowledge, against conscience. against sight of the contrary law. -Hammond. lfit be weigh'd By itself, with aggravations not *...* Or elsewithjust allowance counterpois'd, I may, if possible, thy pardon find Theosisoowardsme, orthyhatredless. Milton, Aggregate, adj. [aggregatus, Lat.] Framed by the collection of any particular parts into one mass, body, or System. e solid reason of one man, with ". dicate apprehensions, begets as firm a belief as the authority or aggregate testimony of many hundreds. #. Pulgar Errours; They had, for along time together, produced many other inept combinations, or aggregate forms of particufar things, and nonsensical systems of the whole. Ray on the Creation, Aggregate. n. . [from the verb.] The complex or collective result of the conjunction or acervation of many particulars. The reason of the far greatest part of mankind, is but an aggregate of mistaken phantasms, and, in things not sensible, a constant delusion. Glanville's Scepsis Scientifica. A great number of living, an thinking particles could not possibly, by their mutual contact, and pressing, and striking, compose one greater individual animal, with one mind and understanding, and a vital contension of the whole y; any more than a swarm of bees, or a crowd of men and women, can be conceived to make up one particular living creature, com. ...? and constituted of the aggregate.of them all. #: T.A.GGREGATE. v. a. saggro, Lat.] - To collect together; to accumulate; to heap many particulars into one mass. The aggregated soil Death, with his mace petrifick, cold, and dry, As with a trident, smote. Milt. Par. Lost. Aggre GA’r 1 on. n. 4. É. aggregate.] 1. Collection, or state of being collected. Their individual imperfections being great, they are moreover enlarged by their aggregation; and being erroneous in their...single numbeo once huāled together, they will be error itself. Brown's Vulgar Errourt. 2. The collection, or act of collecting many particulars into one whole. the water resident in the abyss is, in all parts ofit, stored with a considerable quantity of heat, and more especially in those where these extraordinary aggregations of this fire happened. Woodward's Natural History. 3. The whole composed by the coacervation of many particulars; an aggregate. To AGGRE'SS. v. n. [aggredtor, aggress: wn, Lat.] To commit the first act of violence; to begin the quarrel. The glorious pair advance With mingled anger, and collected might, To turn the war, and tell aggressio France, How Britain's sons and Britain's friends can fight. Arior. Acco'ssion n. . [aggressio, Lat.] The first act of injury; commencement of a quarre, by some act of iniquity. There is no resisting of a common enemy, without an unionforamutual defence; and there
Injury; hardship inflicted; wrong endured. To AG GR1'ev E. v. a. [from gravis, Lat. See To Grieve.] 1. To give sorrow; to cause grief; to vex. It is not improbable, that to grieve was originally neuter, and aggrieve the active. But while therein I took my chief delight, I saw, alas! the gaping earth devour The spring, the place, and all clean out ofsight: which yet aggrieves my heart even to this hour. penter. To impose some hardships upon; to harass; to hurt in one's right. This is a kind of juridical sense; and whenever it is used now, it seems to bear some allusion to forms of law. Sewall, archbishop of York, much aggrieved with some practices of the pope's collectors, took all patiently. Camden. The landed man finds himself aggrieved by the failing of his rents, and the streightening of his fortune, whilst the monied man keeps up his gain, and the merchant thrives and grows rich by trade. oche. of injur'd fame, and mighty wrongs receiv'd, Chloe complains, and wondrously's aggriev'd. ranville. To Ag Grou’r. v. a. saggropare, Ital.] To bring together into one figure; to crowd together: a term of painting. Bodies of divers natures, which are *::::: (or combined) together, are agreeable and p sant to the sight. Drydes. Aghas’s. adj. [either the participle of agaze (see AGAze) and then to be writ: ten agazed or ago! ; or from a and §. a ghost, which the present orthography favours: perhaps they were originally different words.] Struck with horrour, as at the sight of a spectre; stupified with terrour. It is generally applied to the external appearance. she sighing sore, as if her heart in twaine Hadriven been, and all her heart-strings brast, with dreary drooping eyne look'd up ike one agbast. Spenter. The aged earth agbart, With terrour of that blast, §ottfrom the surfacetothecentreshake. Mika.