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AID. m. 1. [from the verb.] I. Help; support. The me of useful things may receive considerable aid, if they are thrown into verse. watts' Improvement of the Mind. Your patrimonial stores in peace Ss; Undoubted all your : claim confess: Your private right, should impious power invade, The peers of Ithaca would arm in aid. Pope. 4. The person that gives help or support; a helper; auxiliary. Thou hast said, it is not good that man should be alone; let us make unto him an aid, like unto himself. Tobit. Great aid, came in to him, partly upon missives, and Partly voluntaries from many parts. acort3. In law. A subsidy. Aid is also particularly used, in matter of pleading, for a petition made in court, of the calling in of help from another that hath an interest in the cause in question; and is likewise both to give strength to the party that prays in aid of him, and also to avoid a prejudice acGuing towards his own right except it be prevented: as, when a tenant for a term of life, courtesy, to... being impleaded touching his estate, he may pray in aid of him in the revertion; that is, entreat the court, that he may be alled in by writ, to allege what he thinks good for the maintenance both of his right and his Own. Cowell. Al'dance. n. . [from aid.] Help; support: a word little used. 9st have I seen a timely parted ghost, Qfishy semblance, meagre, pale, and bloodless, Being ill descended to the laboring heart, 'ho, in the conflict that it holds with death, Attracts the same foraidance'gainst the enemy. Shakspeare's Henry Wi. Aspast. adj. [aidant, Fr.] Helping; helpful. Not in use. All you unpublish'd virtues of the earth, .. with my tears; be aidant and remediate In the good mán's distress. Shakspeare. Al'oes n.s.. [from aid.] He that brings aid or help ; a helper; an ally. All along as he went, were punished the adherents and aiders of the late rebels. Bacon. Al'oless. adj. [from aid, and less, an inseparable particle.] Helpless; unsupported; undefended. Alone he enter'd The mortal gate o' th' city, which he painted With shunless destiny: aiders came off, And, with a sudden re-enforcement, struck Corioli like a planet. Shakspeare. He had met Already, ere my best speed could prevent, The siders innocent lady, hiswish'd prey. Milt. A'iculet. n. 4. [agulet, Fr.] A point with tags; points of gold at the end of fringes. It all above besprinkled was throughout With golden aigulets that glister'd o Like twinkling stars, and all the skirt about Was hemm'd with goldenfringes. Fairy Queen. Te AIL. v. a. [e;lan, Sax. to be troublesome.]
1. To pain; to trouble; to give pain.
And the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, what aileth thee Hagar fear not: for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is. Genesis. 2. It is used in a sense less determinate, for to affect in any manner: as, something ails me that I cannot sit sull; what ails the man that he laughs without reason f Love smiled and thus said, Want joined to desire is unhappy; but if he nought do desire, what can Heraclitus ail P Sidney. What ail me, that I cannot lose thy thought, Command the empress hither to be brought, I, in her death, shall some diversion find, And rid my thoughts at once of woman-kind. Dryden's Tyrannick Love. 3. To feel pain ; to be incominoded. 4. It is remarkable, that this word is never used but with some indefinite term, or the word notbing ; as, I/bat alls him 2 What does he ail P He alls someobing * he al/s motbing. Something ails bim; nothing ails him. Thus we never say, a fever ails him, or he ai's a fever, or use definite terms with this verb. Ai l. n.s.. [from the verb.] A disease. Or heal, O Narses, thy obscener ail. Pope. A/1 LIN G. participial adj. . [from To ail.] Sickly; full of complaints. Ai’l MENT. n. s. [from ail.] Pain ; disease. Little ailments oft attend the fair, Not decent for a husband's eye or ear. Granville. I am never ill, but I think of your ailment., and repine that they mutually hinder our being together. Swift's Letters. To AIM. v. n. [It is derived by Skinner from esmer, to point at ; a word which I have not yet found.] . To endeavour to strike with a missive weapon; to direct toward: with the particle at. Ain't thou at princes, all amaz'd they said, The last of games? Pope's Odyssey. . To point the view, or direct the steps, toward any thing ; to tend toward; to endeavour to reach or obtain: with to formerly, now only with at. Lo, here the world is bliss; so here the end To which all men do aim, rich to be made, Such grace now to be happy is before thee laid. Fairy Queen. Another kind there is, which although we desire for itself, as health, and virtue, and knowledge, nevertheless they are not the last mark whereaf we aim, but have their further end whereunto they are referred. Hooker. Swoln with applause, and aiming still at more, He now provokes the sea-gods from the shore, Dryden's Aeneid. Religion tends to the ease and pleasure, the peace and tranquillity of our minds, whichall the wisdom of the world did always air at, as the utmost felicity of this life. Tillotics. 3. To guess. To AIM. v. a. To direct the missile weapon; more particularly taken for the
act of pointing the weapon by the eye before its dismission from the hand. And proud deus, Priam's charioteer, Who shakes his empty reins, and aims his airy spear. Dryden. AIM. m. s. [from the verb.T 1. The direction of a missile weapon. Ascanius, young and eager of his game, Soon bent his bow, uncertain of his aim ; But the dire fiend the fatal arrow guides, Which pierc'd his bowels through his panting - sides. Dryden's Aeneid. 2. The point to which the thing thrown is directed. That arrows fled not swifter toward their aim, Than did our soldiers, aiming at their safety, Fly from the field. Shakspeare. 3. In a figurative sense, a purpose; a scheme ; an intention ; a design. He trusted to have equall'd the Most High, If he oppos'd : and, with ambitious aim, Against the throne and monarchy of God Rais'd impious war. Milton's Paradise Lost. But see how oft ambitious aims are crost, And chiefs contend till all the prize is lost. Pope. 4. The object of a design ; the thing after which any one endeavours. The safest way is to suppose, that the epistle has but one airn, till, by a frequent perusal of it, you are forced to see there are distinct independent parts. Locke's Essay on St. Paul's Epistles. 5. Conjecture; guess. It is impossible, by aim, to tell it; and, for experience and knowledge thereof, I do not think that there was ever any of the particulars thereof. Spenser on Ireland. There is a histcry in all men's lives, Figuring the nature cf the times deceas'd; The which observ'd, a man may prophesy, With a near airn, of the main chance of things As yet not come to life, which in their seeds And weak beginnings lie intreasured. Shakop. AIR... n.s.. [air, Fr. aer, Lat.] 1. The element encompassing the terraqueous globe. If I were to tell what I mean by the word air, I may say, it is that fine matter which we breathe in and breathe out continually; or it is that thin fluid body, in which the birds fly, a little above the earth; or it is that invisible matter, which fills all places near the earth, or which immediately encompasses the globe of earth and water. Watts' Logick. 2. The state of the air; or the air considered with regard to health. There be many good and healthful airs, that do appear by habitation and other proofs, that differ not in smell from other airs. Pacon. 3. Air in motion; a small gentle wind. Fresh gales, and gentle airs, Whisper'd it to the woods, and from their wings Flung rose, flung odours from the spicy shrub Disporting! Milton's Paradise Lost. ut safe repose, without an air of breath, Dwells here, and a dumb quiet next to death. Dryden. Let vernal airs through trembling osiers play, And Albion's cliffs resound the rural lay. K. 4. Scent; vapour. Stinks which the nostrils straight abhor are not the most pernicious, but such air, as have o
some similitude with man's body; and so insinate themselves, and betray the spirits. Barco, 5. Blast ; pestilential vapour. All the stor'd vengeance of heav'n fall On her ingrateful top! strike her young bones, You taking airs, with lameness! Shahport. 6. Anything light Qr uncertain; that is as light as air. O momentary grace of mortal men, , Which we more hunt for than the grace of God! Who builds his hope in air of your fair looks, Lives like a drunken sailor on a mast, Ready with ev’ry nod to tumble down. Shah?. 7. The open weather; air unconfined. The garden was inclos'd within the square, Where young Emilia took the morning#. re. 8. Went ; utterance; emission into the air. I would have ask'd you, if I durst for shame, If still you loved you gave it air before me. But ah! why were we not both of a sex? For then we might have lov'd without a crime. -jo9. Publication; exposure to the publick view and knowledge. I am sorry to find it has taken air, that I have some hand in these papers. Pope's Lotto: ro. Intelligence; information. This is not now in use. It grew from the airs which the princes so states abroad received from their ambassadors and agents here. Bacon's Henry vil. 11. Musick, whether light or serious; sound ; air modulated. ! This musick crept by me upon the waters, Allaying both their fury and my passion, With its sweet air. Shahp?are's Terpet. Call in some musick; I have f: soft airt Can charin our senses, and expel our care: Denban's Soy. The same airs which some entertain with most delightful transports, to others are importune. Glanville's Scopsis Scientio-3Since we have such a treasury of words soproper for the airs of musick, I wonder that person; should give so little attention. š. r. Borne on the swelling notes, our souls aspire,
With solemn airs improve the sacr
12. Poetry; a song. The repeated air Of sad Electra's poet had the pow'r To save the Athenian walls from ruin bare. Paradise Rogairo 13. The mien, or manner, of the person the look. Her graceful innocence, her ev'ry air, Ofgesture, or least action, over-aw'd His malice. Paradire Le: For the air of youth Hopeful and cheerful, in thy blood shall reign A melancholy damp of cold and dry, To ". th o down; and last consume The balm o e. Paradore Le But having the life before us, besides the e perience of all they knew, it is no wonder to Y some airs and features, which they have miss: Dryden on Dramatici Peet,
There is something wonderfully divine in the airs of this picture. Addison on Italy. Yet should the Graces all thy figures place, And breathe an air divine on ev'ry face. Pope. 14. An affected or laboured manner or gesture, as a lofty air, a gay air. Whom Ancus follows with a fawning air; But vain within, and Proudly popular. Dryden. There are of these sort of beauties, which last but for a moment; as, the different airs of an assembly, upon the sight of an unexpected and uncommon object, some particularity of a violent passion, some graceful action, a smile, a glance of an eye, a disdainful look, a look of gravity, and a thousand other such like things. Dryden's Dufresnoy. Their whole lives were empsoyed in intrigues of state, and they naturally give themselves airs kings and princes, of which the ministers of other nations are only the representatives. Addison's Remarks on Italy. To curl their waving hairs, Assist their blushes, and inspire their airs. Pope. He assumes and affects an entire set of very different airs; he conceives himself a being of a superiour nature. Swift. 15. Appearance. it was communicated with the air of a secret, it soon found its way into the world. Pope. 16. [In horsemanship.] Airs denote the artificial or practised motions of a managed horse. Chambers. To AIR. v. a. [from the noun air.] 1. To expose to the air ; to open to the
air. The others make it a matter of small commendation in itself, if they, who wear it, do nothing else but air the robes, which their place requireth. Flooker. eas breed principally of straw or mats, where there # been a Éti. moisture, or the chamber and bed-straw kept close, and, not aired. &on. We have had, in our time, experience twice or thrice, when both the judges that sat upon the jail, and numbers of those that attended the usiness, or were present, sickened upon it, and died. Therefore it were good wisdom, that, in such cases, the jail were aired before they were brought forth. Bacon's Natural History. As the ants were airing their provisions one winter, up comes a hungry grasshopper to them and begs a charity. 'Estrange's Fables. Or wicker-baskets weave, or air the corn. Dryden's Virgil. *To gratify, by enjoying the open air: with the reciprocal pronoun. Nay, stay a little— ere you but riding forth to air yourself, Such parting were too petty. Skałpeare. I ascended the highest hisis of Bagdat, in order to pass the rest of the day in meditation and Player. As I was here airing myselfon the tops of the mountains, I fell into a profound contemion on the vanity of human life. Spectator. 3. To air liquors; to warm them by the re: a term used in conversation. 4. To breed in nests. In this sense, it is delived from aerie, a nest. Out of use. You may add their busy, dangerous, discouryea and sometimes despiteful stealing,
one from another, of the eggs and young ones; who, if they were allowed to air naturally and quietly, there would be store sufficient, to kill hot only the partridges, but even all the good housewives chickens in a country. Carew's Surv. of Cornwall. A/IRBL ADDER. n. s. [from air and bladder.] 1. Any cuticle or vesicle filled with air. The pulmonary artery and vein pass along the surfaces of these airbladders, in an infinite number of ramifications. Arbuthnot on Aliments. 2. The bladder in fishes, by the contraction and dilatation of which, they vary the properties of their weight to that of their bulk, and rise or fall. Though the airbladderin fishes seems necessary for swimming, yet some are so formed as to swim without it. Cudworth. A/IR BUILT. adj. . [from air and build.] Built in the air; without any solid foundation. Hence the fool's paradise, the statesman's
scheme The airbuilt castle, and the golden dream, The maid's romantick wish, the chymist's flame, And poet's vision of eternal fame. Pope. A’IRD Raw N. adj. [from air and drawn.] Po §: painted in . No. used. is the nting of your tear Touria, Led you to Duncan- Sbalipeare. A'iRER. m. s. [from To air.] He that exposes to the air. A/IR Hole. n.s.. [from air and hole..] A hole to admit the air. A/IRIN Ess. n. 4. [from airy.] 1. Openness; exposure to the air. 2. Lightness; gayety ; levity. The French have indeed taken worthy pains to make classick learning speak their language; if they have not succeeded, it must be imputed to a certain talkativeness and airiness represented in their tongue, which will never agree with the sedateness of the Romans, or the solemnity of the Greeks. Æelton. A/IR IN G. n.s.. [from air.] A short journey or ramble to enjoy the free air. This little fleet serves only to fetch them wine and corn, and to give their ladies an airing in the summer season. iron. A's RLEss. adj. [from air.] Wanting communication with the free air. Nor stony tower, nor walls of beaten brass, Nor airless dungeon, nor strong links of iron, Can be retentive to the strength of spirit. Shak. A/IR LIN G. n. 4. [from air, for gayety.] A young, light, thoughtless, gay, person. Some more there be, slight airlings, will be
won With dogs, and horses, and perhaps a whore. - Ben jonton. A'ir pump. m. s. [from air and pump.] A machine by whose means the air is exhausted out of properyessels. The principle on which it is built, is the elasticity of the air; as that on which the waterpump is founded, is on the gravity of the air. The invention of this curious instrument is ascribed to Otto de Guerick, consul of Magdebourg, in 1654. But his machine laboured under several defects; the force necessary to work it was very great, and the progress very slow ; it was to be kept under water, and allowed of no change of subjects for experiments. Mr. Boyle, with the assistance of Dr. Hooke, removed several inconveniencies; though, still, the working was laborious, by reason of the pressure of the atmosphere at every exsuction. This labour has been since removed by Mr. Hawksbee: who, by adding a second barrel and piston, to rise as the other fell, and fall as it rose, made the pressure of the atmosphere on the descending one of as much service as it was of disservice in the ascending one. Vream made a further improvement, by reducing the alternate motion of the hand and winch to a circular one. Chambers. The air that, in exhausted receivers of airpumpf, is exhaled from minerals and flesh, and fruits, and liquors, is as true and genuine as to elasticity and density, or rarefaction, as that we respire in; and yet this factitious air is so for from being fit to be breathed in, that it kills animals in a moment, even sooner than the absence of air, or a vacuum itself. Bentley.
Aoi Rs H.A.F.T. n. 4. [from air and shaft.] A passage for the air into mines and subterraneous places. By the sinking of an airshaft, the air hath liberty to circulate, and carry out the streams both of the miner's breath and the damps, which would otherwise stagnate there. Ray. A(IRY. adj. [from air; aereus, Lat.] 1. Composed of air. The first is the transmission, or emission, of the thinner and more airy Parts of bodies; as, in odours and infections: and this is, of all the rest, the most corporeal. Bacon. 2. Relating to the air; belonging to the , alt. ... There are fishes that have wings, that are no strangers to the airy region. . Boyle. 3. High in air. Whole rivers here forsake the fields below, And, wond'ring at their height, through airy - channels flow. dadison. 4. Open to the free air. Joy'd to range abroad in fresh attire Thrö'the wide compass of the airy coast. Spenter. 5. Light as air; thin; unsubstantial ; without solidity. I hold ambition of so airy and light a quality, that it is but a shadow's shadow. Shafipeare. Still may the dog the wand'ring troops constrain Of airy ghosts, and vex the guilty train. Dryden. 6. Wanting reality ; having no steady foundation in truth or nature ; vain; trifling.
A"JUTAGE. m. s. [ajutage, Fr.] An additional pipe to waterworks. Dict. To A K E v. n. [from ox3-, and therefore more grammatically written acbe.] 1. To feel a lasting pain, generally of the internal parts; distinguished from smart, which iscommonly used of uneasiness in the external parts; but this is no accurate account. To sue, and be deny'd, such common grace, My wounds ake at you! Shakspeare. Let our finger ake, and it endues Our other healthful members with a sense Of pain. Shakspeare. Were the pleasure of drinking accompanied, the very moment, with that sick stomach and aking head, which, in some men, are sure to follow, I think no body would ever let wine touch his lips. coke. His limbs must age, with daily toils opprest, Ere long-wish'd night brings necessary rest. Prior. 2. It is frequently applied, in an improper sense, to the heart; as, the heart akes ; to imply grief or fear. Shakspeare has used it, still more licentiously, of the 'soul. My soulak-r To know, when two authorities are up, Neither supreme, how soon confusion May enter. Shaospeare's Coriolanus. ere shame dissuades him, there his feat prevails, And each, by turns, his aking heart assails...A. iii. Aki's ad. [from a and kin.] 1. Related to; allied by blood: used of persons. I do not envy thee, Pamela; only I wish, that, being thy sister in nature, I were not so far off atin in fortune. Sidney. 2. Allied to by nature; partaking of the some properties: used of things. The cankered passion of envy is nothing akin to the silly envy of the ass. L'Extra-ge's Fables. Some limbs again in bulk or stature Unlike, and not assin by nature, la concert act, like modern friends, ause one serves the other's ends. Prior. * separates it from questions with which it may have been complicated, and distinguishes it from questions which may be akin to it. Watts. to ATTLE, AD LE, do all seem to be corruptions of the Saxon aepel, noble, famous; as also, Alling and Adling, are corruptions of aejoeling, noble, o; Jamous. Al, Ald, being initials, are derived the Saxon ealb, ancient ; and so, oftentimes, the initial all, being melted by the Normans from the Saxon ealb. Gibson’s Camden. A'LABAst ER. m. s. [...orov.] A kind of $ost marble, easier to cut, and less durable, than the other kinds; some is white, which is most common; some of the colour of horn, and transparent ; some yellow, like honey, marked with veins. The ancients used it to make boxes for perfumes. Savary. Yet I'll not shed her blood, Nor scar that whiter skin of her's than snow, And smooth as monumental alabaster. Shaksp. ** B Ast ER. adj. Made of alabaster. I cannot forbear mentioning part of an alaor column, found in the ruins of Livia's Portico. It is of the colour of fire, and may be seen over the high altar of St. Maria in Campifello; for they have cut it into two pieces, and fixed it, in the shape of a cross, in a hole of the ; so that i. light passing through it, Fiakes it look, to those in the church, i. d e transparent cross of amber. - Addison on Italy. ALA’ck. interject. [This word seems only the corruption of alas.] Alas; an expression of sorrow. 4|ack! when once our grace we have forgot, Nothing goes right; we would, and we would nct. Shai peare's Measure for Measure. At thunder now no more I start, Than at the rumbling of a cart: ay, what's incredible, alaek/ I hardly hear a woman's clack. Swift. Ala'ck a day. interjection. . [This, like the former, is for alas the day.] A word noting sorrow and melancholy. Ata'chiously. adv. [from alacrious, supposed to be formed from alacris ; but of alarrious I have found no example..] Cheerfully 3, without dejection. Fo alarriously expired, in confidence
that he left behind him a perpetual memory of the victories he had atchieved for his country. - Government of the Tongue. ALA’c RITY. m. s. salacritas, Lat.] Cheerfulness, expressed by some outward token ; sprightliness; gayety ; liveliness; cheerful willingness. These orders were, on all sides, yielded unto with no less alacrity of mind, than cities, unable to hold out any longer, are wont to shew when they take conditions, such as it liketh him to offer them, which hath them in the narrow straits of advantage. Hooker. Give me a bowl of wine; I have not that alacrity of spirit, Nor cheer of mind, that I was wont to have. . Shakspeare. He, glad that now his sea should find a shore, With fresh alacrity, and force renew’d, Springs upward. Milton's Paradise Lost. Never did men more joyfully obey, Or sooner understood the sign to fly ; With such alacrity they bore away, As if, to praise them, all the states stood by. - Dryden. ALA'MIRF. m. s. The lowest note but one in Guido Aretine's scale of musick. ALA MO'D E. adv. ; la mode, Fr.] ACcording to the fashion: a low word. It is used likewise by shopkeepers for a kind of thin silken manufacture. ALA'N D. adv. [from a for at, and land.] At land; landed; on the dry ground. He only, with the prince his cousin, were cast aland, far off from the place whither their desires would have guided them. Sidney. Three more fierce Eurus, in his angry . Dash'd on the shallows of the moving sand, And, in mid ocean, left them moor'd aland. Dryden. ALATM. m. s. [from the French, a l'arme, to arms; as, crier a l'arme, to call to arms.] 1. A cry by which men are summoned to their arms; as, at the approach of an enemy. When the congregation is to be gathered together, you shall blow, but you shall not so an alarm. Numbers. God himself is with us for our captain, and his priests with sounding trumpets, to cry alarms against you. Chronicler. The trumpet's loud clangour Fxcites us to arms, With shrill notes of anger, And mortal alarms. Dryden. Taught by this stroke, renounce the war's alarms, And learn to tremble at the name of arms. Pope. 2. A cry, or notice, of any danger approaching ; as, an alarm of fire. 3. Any tumult or disturbance. Crowds of rivals, for thy mother's charms, Thy palace fill with insults and alarms. Pope. To ALA'R.M. v. a. [from alarm, the noun.] 1. To call to arms. - 2. To disturb; as, with the approach of an enemy. H