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Timetas, according to the tenstitution of a dull head, thinks no better way to shew himself wise than by suspecting everything in his way. Sidney. Some dear friend dead; else nothing in, the world Could turn so much the constitution Of any constant man. Shaktørare. He defended himself with undaunted courage, and less passion than was expected from his constitution. - Clarendon. 6. Established form of government; system of laws and customs. The Norman, conquering all by might; Mixing our customs, and the form of right, With foreign constitutions he had brought. Daniel. 7. Particular law ; established usage; establishment; institution. We lawfully may observe the positive constitutions of our own churches. Hooker. Constitution, properly speaking in the sense of the civil law, is that law which is made and orined by some king or emperor; yet the canonists, by adding the word sacred to it, make it to signify the same as an ecclesiastical canon. Ayliff. CoNstitu'rio NAL. adj. [from constitution.] 1. Bred in the constitution ; radical. It is not probable any constitutional illness will be communicated with the small pox by inoculation. Sharp's Surgery. 2. Consistent with the civil constitution ; legal. CoNstitu’t 1 v E. adj. [from constitute.] 1. That constitutes any thing what it is ; elemental; essential ; productive. Although it be placed among the non-naturals, that is, such as neither naturally constitutive nor merelydestructive,do preserve ordestroy. Brown. The elements and constitutive parts of a schismatick, being the esteem of himself, and the contempt of others. Decay of Piety. 2. Having the power to enact or establish.

Fr. constria, o, Lat.]
1. To compel ; to force to some action.
Thy sight, which should
Make out eyes fiow with joy,
Çortrains then weep. Shakir. Coriolanus.
Namur subdued, is England's palm alone;
The rest besieg'd, but we constrain'd, the town.
2. To hinder by force; to restrain.
My sire in caves constrains the winds:
Can with a breath their clam’rous rage appease;
They fear his whistle,and forsake the seas. Dryd.
3. To necessitate.
The scars upon your honour, therefore, he
Poes pity as constrained blemishes,
Nothing deserv’d. Shakspeare.
When to his lust Aegysthus gave the rein,
Did fate or we th' adult'rous act constrain P Pope.
4. To violate ; to ravish.
- Her spotlesschastity,
Inhuman traitors you constrain’d and forc'd.


5. To confine; to press. When annidst the fervour of the feast, The Tyrian hugs and fonds thee on her breast, And with sweet kisses in her arms constrains, Thou may'stinfuse thy venom in her veins. Dryd. How the straitstays the slender waste “g. ey6. To constringe. When winterfrosts constrain the field with cold, The scanty root can take no steady hold, Dryd.

7. To tie; to bind.

Scaree the weary god had clos'd his eyes, . When, rushing on with shouts, he binds in chains The drowsy prophet, and his limbs “;

8. To imprison. Constrain'd him in 2 bird, and made him fly With party-colour'd plumes, a *} Pye. ryars. 9. To force ; to produce in opposition to nature. In this northern tract our hoarser throats Utter unripe and ill constrained notes. Waller. Io. To restrain ; to withhold. The soft weapons of paternal persuasions, after mankind began to forget the original giver cf life, became overweak to resist the first inclinition of evil: or after, when it became habitual, to constrain it. Raleigh. CoN str A'i N.A.B LE. adj. [from constrain.] Liable to constraint; obnoxious to compulsion. Whereas men before stood bound inconscience to do as reason teacheth, they are now, by virtue of human law, constrainable; and, if they outwardly transgress, punishable. Heir. CoNst RA's N E D Ly.adv.[from constrain.] By constraint; by compulsion. What occasion it had given them to think, to their greater obduration in evil, that through a froward and wanton desire of innovation we did constrainedly those things, for which conscience was pretended. Healer. CoNst RA'1N ER. m. s. [from constrain.] He that constrains. CoNst RAIN r. n. . [contrainte, Fr.) . 1. Compulsion; compelling force; violence; act of overruling the desire; confinement. I did suppose it should be on constraint; But, heav'n be thank'd, it is but voluntary. Skał. Like you, a man; and hither led by fame, Not by constraint, but by my choice I came Dryd. The constant desire of happiness, and the costraint it puts upon us to act for it, no body, I think, accounts an abridgment of liberty. Lozi. 2. Confinement. Out of use. His limbs were waxen weak and raw, Thro' long imprisonment, and hard constraint. - See***. To CONSTRI'CT. v. a. [constringo, costrictum, Lat.] 1. To bind ; to cramp ; to confine into a narrow compass. 2. To contract; to cause to shrink. . Such things as constrict the fibres,and strengthen the solid parts. Arbiltàset as Do. Const Ri'ction. m. s. [from constrict. Contraction ; compression ; forcible contraction. Compression is from an outward force, constriction from some quality: as the throat is compressed by a bandage, and constringed by a cold. The air, which these receive into the lungs: may serve to render their bodies equipondero to the water; and the constriction or dilatato of it may probably assist them to ascend or * scend in the water. Ray on the Cr-toConst Ri'croR. m. s. [constrictor, Lat.] That which compresses or contracts. He supposed the constrictors of the eye-Fis, must be strengthenedin the supercilious-fro-"

To CONSTRI'NGE. v. a. [constrio, Lat..] To compress; to contract; to bind ; to force to contract itself.

- - The dreadful spout, Which shipmen do the hurricano call, Contring'd in mass by the almighty sun. Shaks.

Strong liquors, especially inflammatory spirits,

imoxicate, contringe, harden the fibres, and coagulate the fluids. Arbuthnot.

CoNst Ri's GE st. adj.[constringens,Lat.] Having the quality of binding or compressing.

Try a deep well, or a conservatory of snow, where the cold may be more constringent. Bacon.

Winter binds

Our strengthen’d bodies in a cold embrace Constringent. Thomson's Winter.

To CONSTRUCT. v. a. Latin.] 1. To build ; to form; to compile ; to constitute. Let there be an admiration of those divine attributes and prerogatives, for whose manifesting he was pleased to construct this vast fabrick. Boyle. 2. To form by the mind: as, he constructed a new system. CoNst RU’ct to N. m. s. [constructio, Lat.] 1. The act of building ; fabrication. 2. The form of building ; structure; conformation. There's no art To shew the mind's construction in the face. Shakspeare. The ways were made of several layers of flat stones and flint: the construction was a little various, according to the nature of the soil, or the materials which they found. Arbuthnot.

3. [In grammar.] The putting of words, duly chosen,together in such a manner as is proper to convey a complete sense. Clarke. Some particles constantly, and others in certain constructions, have the sense of a whole sentence contained in them. Locke.

4. The act of arranging terms in the proper order, by disentangling transpositions; the act of interpreting ; explanation. This label, whose containing . Is so from sense in hardness, that I can Make no collection of it; let him shew His skill in the construction. Shakspeare, 5. The sense; the meaning; interpretation. In which sense although we judge the apostle's words to have been uttered, yet hereunto we do not require them to yield, that think any other construction more sound. odorer. He that would live at ease should always put the best construction on business and conversation. Collier on the Spleen. Religion, in its own nature, produces good will towards men, and puts the mildest construction upon every accident that befals them. Spect. 6. Judgment ; mental representation. It cannot, therefore, unto reasonable constructions seem strange, or savour of singularity, that we have examined this point. root-or7. The manner of describing a figure or problem in geometry. 8. Consor R U cor I on of Equations, in algebra, is the method of reducing a known equation into lines and figures, in order to a geometrical demonstration. CoNst RU’cor U R E. m. s. [from construct.] Pile ; edifice ; fabrick.


They shall the earth's constructure closely bind, And to the centre keep the parts confin'd. Blackmore. To CO'NSTRUE. v. a. [construo, Latin.] I. To range words in their natural order; to disentangle transposition. 1 'll teach mine eyes, with meek humility, Love-learned letters to her eyes to read; Which her deep wit, that true heart's thought can ji. Will soon conceive, and learn to construe well. - Spenser. Construe the times to their necessities, And you shall say, indeed, it is the time, And not the king, that doth you injuries. Skałr. 2. To interpret; to explain; to shew the meaning. I must crave that I be not so understood or construed, as if any such thing, by virtue thereof, could be done without the aid and assistance of God's most blessed spirit. Hooter. Virgil is so very figurative, that he requires (I may almost say) a grammar apart to construe him. - I}ryden. Thus we are put to construe and paraphrase our own words, to free ourselves either from the ignorance or malice of our adversaries. soft When the word is construed into its idea, the double meaning vanishes. addison.

To CO'NSTUPRATE. v. a. [constipro, Fo To violate; to debauch; to defile.

CoN stup Ra’rios. n. . [from constuprate.] Violation ; defilement.

CONSUBSTA/NTIAL. adj. [consubstantialis, Lat.] 1. Having the same essence or subsistence. The Lord our God is but one God: in which indivisible unity, notwithstanding we adore the Father, as being altogether of himself, we glorify that censubstantial Word, which is the Son; we bless and magnify that co-essential Spirit, etermally proceeding from both, which is the Holy Ghost. Hooker. 2. Being of the same kind or nature. It continueth a body consubstantial with our bodies; a body of the same, both nature and measure, which it had on earth. Hooker. In their conceits the human nature of Christ was not consubstantial to ours, but of another kind. Brerewoaf. CoN subst ANT I A'LITY.. n. . [from consubstantia/.] 1. Existence of more than one, in the same substance. The eternity of the Son's generation, and his co-eternity and consubstantiality with the Father, when he came down from heaven. Hammond. 2. Participation of the same nature.

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€ensul, efrnod'vate power in calms were made; When the Gauls came, one sole dictator sway’d. Dryden. s. An officer commissioned in foreign parts to judge between the merchants of his nation, and protect their com

merce. Co’Ns to L.A.R. adj. [consularis, Lat.] 1. Relating to the consul. The consular power had only the ornaments, without the force, of the royal authority. Spect. 2. Co N sul. A R Man. One who had been consul. Rose not the consular men, and left their places So soon as thousat'st down 2 Ben janson. Co'ssu LA 1 r. n.s. consulatus, Latin.] The office of consul. His name and consulate were effaced out of all publick registers and inscriptions. Addison. Co's sulsh 1 p.m. s. [from consul..] The office of consul. The patricians should do very ill, To let the consulship be so defil’d. Ben jonton. The lovely boy with his auspicious face, Shall Pollio's consulship and triumph grace. Pryd.

To CONSU'LT. v. n. [consulto, Latin.]

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To Consu’lt. v., a. 1. To ask advice of: as, he consulted his friends ; to consult an author. s. To regard; to act with view or respect to. o We are, in the first place, to consult the necessities of life, rather than matters of ornament and delight. L'Estrange. The senate owes its gratitude to Cato; Who with so great a soul consults its safety, And guards our lives while he neglects his own. Addison. To plan; to contrive. Thou hast consulted shame to thy house, by cutting offmany people. Habbakuk. Manythings were there consulted for the future, yet nothing was positively resolved. Clar. co’N sult. n. 4. [from the verb. It is variously accented.] 1. The act of consulting. Yourself in person head one chosen half, And march t' oppress the faction in consult With dying Dorax. Dryd. Don Sebastian. 2. The effect of consulting ; determination. He said, and rose the first : the council broke; And all their grave consults dissolv'd in smoke. r I}ryden's Fables. . A council; a number of persons assembled in deliberation. Divers meetings and consult of our whole number,to consider of the former labours. Bacon.

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A censult of coquets below Was call'd, to rig him out a beau. Swift CoNsu LTA’t los. n.s.. [from consult.] 1. The act of consulting; secret deliberation. The chief priests held a censultation with the elders and scribes. Mark. 2. A number of persons consulted together; a council. A consultation was called, wherein he advised a salivation. Wiseman of Abuseries. 3. In law. Consultatio is a writ, whereby a cause, being formerly removed by prohibition from the ecosiastical court, or court christian, to the king's court, is returned thither again: for the judges of the king's court, if, upon comparing the libel with the suggestion of the party, they do find the suggestion false, or not proved, and therefore the cause to be wrongfully called from the court christian; then, upon this consultation or deliberation, decree it to be returned again. Cowell. CoN su'LT ER. m. s. [from consult..] One that consults, or asks counsel or intellience. There shall not be found among youacharmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard. Deuterone-y. CoN su'MABLE. adj. [from constome.j Susceptible of destruction; possible to be wasted, spent, or destroyed. Asbestos does truly agree in this common quality ascribed unto both, of being incombustible, and not consumable by fire; but it doth contract so much fuliginous matter from the earthy parts of the oil, though it was tried with some of the pures: oil, that in a very few days it did choak and extinguish the flame. Wilkis. Qur growing rich or pocr depends only on, which is greater or less, our importation or erportation of consumable commodities. Lockr. To CONSU'ME. v. a. consumo, Latin.] To waste; to spend ; to destroy. Where two raging fires meet together, They do consume the thing that feeds their fury. Shaftspore. Thou shalt carry much seed out into the field, and shalt gather but little in; for the locusts shall consume it. Deiteraramy. Thus in soft anguish she consumes the day, Nor quits her deep retirement. TÉeoras. To CoN su’M E. v. n. To waste away; to be exhausted. These violent delights have violent ends, And in their triumph die; like fire and powder, Which, as they meet, consume. Skaif. CoN su'MER. m. s. [from consume.] One that spends, wastes, or destroys any thing. Money may be considered as in the hands of the consumer, or of the merchant who buys the commodity, when made to export. Loir. To CONSUMMATE. v. a. scorianner, Fr. consummare, Lat.] To complete; to perfect; to finish; to end. Anciently accented on the first syllable. Yourself, myself, and other lords, will §. To consummate this business happily. *H*. There shall we consummate our spousal rightSkafoast. The person was cunning enough to begin the deceit in the weaker, and the weaker sufficient to consummate the fraud in the stronger. BrotoHe had a mind to consummate the *: of the day. solo,

Consu'MMAt E. adj. [from the verb.]
Complete; perfect; finished: omnibus
numeris absolutus.
I do but stay till your marriage be consummate.
Earth, in her rich attire
Consummate, lovely smil’d.
Gratian, among his maxims for raising a man
to the most consummate greatness, advises to
perform extraordinary actions, and to secure a *
good historian. Addison.
If a man of perfect and consummate virtue falls
into a misfortune, it raises our pity, but not our
terrour. Addison's Spectator.
CoNsu MMA/Tron. n. 4. [from consum-
mate.] -
1. Completion; perfection ; end.
That just and regular process, which it must
be supposed to take from its original to its con-
summation. Addison's Spectator.
The end of the present system of
things: the end of the world.
From the first beginning of the world unto the
last consummation thereof, it neither hath been,
nor can be, otherwise. - Hooker.
3. Death ; end of life.
Ghost, unlaid, forbear thee!
Nothing ill come near thee!
3. consummation have,
nremoved be thy grave!

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1. The act of consuming ; waste § de

struction. In commodities, the value rises as its quantity is less and vent greater; which depends upon its being preferred in its consumption: . Locke. 2. The state of wasting or perishing. Etna and Vesuvius have sent forth flames for this two or three thousand years: yet the mountains themselves have not suffered any considerable diminution or consumption; but are, at this day, the highest mountains in those contries. Woodward. 3. [In physick.] A waste of muscular flesh. It is frequently attended with a hectick fever, and is divided by physieians into several kinds, according to the variety of its causes. Quincy. Consumptions sow In hollow bones of men. Shakop. Timon: The stoppage of women's courses, if not looked to, sets them into a consumption, dropsy, or other disease. Harvev. The essential and distinguishing character of a confirmed consumption is a wasting of the body by reason of an ulcerated state of the lungs; at: tended with a cough, a discharge of purulent matter, and a hectick fever. Blackmore. CoN su’M PT 1 v E. adj. [from consume.] 1. Destructive ; wasting ; exhausting ; having the quality of consuming. A long consumptive war is more likely to break this grand alliance than disable France. Addison. 2. Liseased with a consumption. Nothing taints sound lungs sooner than inspiring the breath of consumptivelungs. , Harvey. The lean, convusptive wench, with coughs decay'd, Is cau’d a pretty, tight, and slender maid. Dryd. By an exact regimen a consumptive person may hoout for years. Arbuthnot on Diet. CoN su’M PT 1 v EN Ess. n.s.. [from consumptive..] A tendency to a consumption. CoN su’t 1 le. adj. [consutilis, Lat..] That is sewed or stitched together. Dict.

To CONTA’BULATE. v. a. [contabulo,
Latin.] To fiocrwith boards.
CoNT ABU LA’s Io N. m. s. [ contabulatio,
Lat.] A joining of boards together;
a boarding a floor.
CO’NTACT. m. s. [contactus, Latin.]
Touch ; close union ; juncture of one
body to another.
The Platonists hold, that the spirit of the
lover doth passinto the spirits of the person loved,
which causeth the desire of return into the body;
whereupon followeth that appetite of contact and
coniunction. Bacon's Natural History.
When the light fell so obliquely on the air,
which in other places was between them, as to
be all reflected, it seemed in that place of contact
to be wholly transmitted. Newton's Opticks.
The air, by its immediate contact, may coagu-
late the blood which flows along the air-bladders.
- - Arbuthnot on Diet.
CoNTA’ction. n. 4. [contactus, Latin.]
The act of touching; a joining one
body to another. -
That deleterious it may be at some distance,
and destructive without corporal contaction, there
is no high improbability. Brown.
CONTA'GION. n.s.. [contagio, Lat.]
1. The emission from body to body by
which diseases are communicated.
If we two be one, and thou play false,
I do digest the poison of thy flesh,
Being strumpeted by thy contagion. Shałęeare.
In infection and contagion from body to body,
as the plague and the like, the infection is re-
ceived many times by the body passive; but yet
is, by the strength and good disposition thereof,
repulsed. - Bacw.
2. Infection; propagation of mischief, or
disease. -
Nor will the goodness of intention excuse the
scandal and contagion of example. King Charles.
Down they fell,
And the dire hiss renew'd, and the dire form
Catch'd by contagion. Milton's Paradise Lost.
3. Pestilence ; venomous emanations.
Will he steal out of his wholesome bed,
To dare the vile contagion of the night? Shahr.
CoNTA'Gious. adj. [from contagio, Lat.]
Infectious ; caught by approach; poi-
sonous; pestilential.
The jades
That drag the tragick melancholy night,
From their misty jaws
Breathe foul sontagious darkness in the air.
Shakspeare's Henry v1.
We sicken soon from her contagious care,
Grieve for her sorrows, groan for her despair.
CoNT A/G Ious N Ess. n.s.[from contagious.]
The quality of being contagious.
To CONTATN. v. a. [contineo, Lat.]?
1. To hold as a vessel.
There are many other things which Jesus did,
the which if they should be written every one,
I suppose that even the world itself sia not
contain the books that should be written. john.
Gently instructed I shall hence depart,
Greatly in peace of thought, and have my fill
Of knowledge, what this vessel can contain.
What thy stores contain bring forth, and pour
Abundance. ilton.
2. To comprehend; to comprise.
What seem'd fair in all the world, seem'd now
Mean, or in her summ'd up, in her contain'd.

The earth, Though in comparison of heav'n so small, Nor glist'ring, may of solid good contain More plgnty than the sun, that barren shines. Milton. 3. To comprise, as a writing. Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture. - 1 Peter. 4. To restrain; to withhold ; to keep within bounds. All men should be contained in duty ever after, without the terrour of warlike forces. Spenter on Ireland. Their king's person contains the unruly people from evil occasions. Spenser. I tell you, sirs, If you should smile, he grows impatient.— —Fear not, my lord, we can contain ourselves. Shakspeare. To Cont A’IN. v. n. To live in contimence. I felt the ardour of my passion increase, till I could no longer contain. Arbuthnot and Pope. CoNtA' N a B le. adj. [from coniain.] Possible to be contained. The air containable within the cavity of the eolipile, amounted to eleven grains. Boyle.

To CONTA'MINATE. v.a. [contamino,
Latin.] To defile; to pollute; to cor-
rupt by base mixture.
Shall we now
Contaminate our fingers with base bribes? Shak.
A base pander holds the chamber door,
Whilst by a slave, no gentler than a dog,
His fairest daughter is contaminated. Shakspeare.
Doit not with poison; strangle her in her bed,
Even in the bed she hath contaminated. Shak.
I quickly shed
Some of his bastard blood, and in disgrace
Bespoke him thus: contaminated, base,
And misbegotten blood, I spill of thine. Shakt.
Though it be necessitated, by its relation to
flesh, to a terrestrial converse; yet "t is, like
the sun, without contaminating its beams. Glanv.
He that lies with another man's wife propa-

f". children in another's family for him to

eep, and contaminates the honour thereof as much as in him lies. Ayliffe's Parergon. CoN TAMINA/T Ion. n. . [from contamimate.] Pollution; defilement. CoNT e^MERATED. adf. [contemeratus, Latin.] Violated ; polluted. Dict.

To CONTE'MN. a. a. [contemno, Lat.] To despise; to scorn; to slight; to disregard; to neglect ; to defy. Yet better thus, and known to be contemned, Than still contemned and flattered. Shakspeare. Eve, thy contempt of life and pleasure seems To argue in thee something more sublime And excellent than what thy mind contemns. Milton. Pygmalion then the Tyrian sceptre sway'd, One who contemn'd divine and human laws; Then strife ensued. Dryden's Pirg, AEmeid. CoNTE'MN ER, n.s.. [from contemn.] One that contemns; a despiser ; a scorner. He counsels him to prosecute innovators of worship, not only as contenners of the gods, but disturbers of the state. South. To CONTEMPER. v. a. s.contempero, Latin.] To moderate; to reduce to a lower degree by mixing something of opposite qualities. I'he leaves qualify and contemper the heat, and binder the evaporation of moisture. Ray.

Conte's per AMENT. n.s.[from contempero, Lat.] The degree of any quality as tempered to others. There is nearly an equal contemperamert of the warmth of our bodies to that of the hottest part of the atmosphere. Derèco. To Con TE’M PER AT E. v. a. [from contemper.] To diminish any quality by something contrary ; to moderate; to temper. The mighty Nile and Niger do not crly moisten and contemperate the air, but refr and humectate the earth. Bretor. If blood abound, let it out, regulating the patient's diet, and contemperating the humourWiseman's Surgery. CoN TEMPERA't los. m. s. Ifrom confernperate.] 1. The act of diminishing any quality by admixture of the contrary; the act of moderating or tempering. The use of air, without which there is no continuation in life, is not nutrition, but the contemperation offervour in the heart. Brown. 2. Proportionate mixture; proportion. There is not greater variety in men's faces, and in the contemperations of their natural humours, than there is in their phantasies. Hale. To CONTE'MPLATE. v. a. [contemplor, Lat. This seems to have been once accented on the first syllable.] To consider with continued attention; to study; to meditate. There is not much difficulty in confining the mind to contemplate what we have a great desire to kuow. JP's fir. CoN TE’M PLATE. v.n. To muse; to think studiously with long attention. So many hours must I take my rest; So many hours must I contemplate. Shahpeare. Sapor had an heaven of glass, which he trod upon, contemplating over the same as if he had been Jupiter. - Pearker. How can I consider what belongs to myself, when I have been so long contemplating on you? Dryden's #: Prof...e. CoN TEMPLA's ion. n.s.. [from contemplate.] 1. Meditation; studious thought on any subject ; continued attention. How now? what serious contemplation are you in 2 S&#pear. Contemplation is keeping the idea, which is brought into the mind, for some time actually in view. Loir. 2. Holy meditation; a holy exercise of the soul, employed in attention to sacred things. I have breath'd a secret vow To live in j. and contemplation, Only attended by Nerissa here. Stoere. 3. The faculty of study: opposed to the power of action. There are two functions, contropistian and practice: according to that generaldivision of cojects; some of which entertain our speculation, others employ our actions. 1.


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