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4. The state of being alienated; as, the
estate was wasted during its alienation.
3. Change of affection.
It is left but in dark memory, what was the
F. of his defection, and the alienation of his
eart from the king. acon.
4. Applied to the mind, it means disorder
of the faculties.
Some things are done by man, though not
through outward force and impulsion, though
not against, yet without their wills; as in alien-
attan of mind, or any like inevitable utter ab-
sence of wit and judgment. Hooker.
At'FERous. adj. #. ala and fero, Lat.]
Having wings. irt.

Algerous adj. [aliger, Lat.] Having

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1.To come down, and stop. The word
implies the idea of descending ; as, of a
bird from the wing; a traveller from his
horse or carriage; and generally of rest-
ing or stopping.
There ancient night arriving, did alight
From her high weary waine. Fairy Queen.
There is alighted at your gate
A young Venetian. Shalop. Hofrai.
Slackness breeds worms: but the sure tra-
Though he alight, sometimes, still goethon.
When marching with his foot, he walks till

nught: When with his horse, he never will alight. Denb. When Dedalus, to fly the Cretan shore, His heavy limbs on jointed pinions bore; To the Cumean coast at length he came, And here alighting built this costly frame. Dryd. When he was admonished by #. subject to descend, he came down gently, and circling in the air, and singing to the ground. Like a lark, melodious in her mounting, and continuing her song till she alight: ; still preparing for a higher flight at her next sally. Dryden. - en finish'd was the sight, The victors from their lusty steeds alight; Like them dismounted all the warlike train. Dryden. Should a spirit of superiour rank, a stranger to human nature, alight upon the earth, what would his notions of us be Spectator. It is used also of any thing thrown or falling ; to fall upon. But i. of stones from the proud temple's eight Pour down, and on our batter'd helms alight. #:...

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resemblance ; without difference : in
the same manner; in the same form.
In some expressions it has the appear-
ance of an adjective, but is always an
The darkness hideth not from thee; but the
night shineth as the day; the darkness and the
light are both alike to thee. Psalar.
With thee conversing I forget all time;
All seasons, and their change, all please alika
Milton's Paradise Lost.
Riches cannot rescue from the grave,
Which claims alike the monarch and the slave.
- IDryden.
Let us unite at least in an equal zeal for those
capital doctrines, which we all equally embrace,
and are alike concerned to maintain. Atterbury.
Two * wait the throne; alike in
ace, -
But diff'ring far in figure and in face. Pope.
A'LIMENT, n. . [alimentum, Lat.]
Nourishment; that which nourishes;
nutriment ; food.
New parts are added to our substance; and,
as we die, we are born daily; nor can we give
an account, how the aliment is prepared for mu-
trition, or by what mechanism it is distributed.
Glanville's Scopsis *::::::
All bodies which, by the animal faculties,
can be changed into à. fluids and solids of
our bodies, are called aliments. In the largest
sense by aliment, I understand every thing which
a human creature takes in common diet; as,
meat, drink; and seasoning, as, salt, spice, vine-
gar. Arbuthnot.
ALIME’NTAL. adj. [from aliment.] That
has the quality of aliment; that does
nourish ; that does feed.
The sun, that light imparts to all, receives
From all his alimental recompence,
In humid exhalations. Milton's Paradise Lorf.
Except they be watered from higher regions,
these weeds must lose their alimental sap, and
wither. ratun.
'l'h' industrious, when the sun in Leo rides,
Forget not, at the foot of ev'ry plant
To sink a circling trench, and daily pour
A just supply of alimental streams,
JExhausted sap recruiting. Philipr.
ALIME's tai, LY. adv. [from alimental.]
So as to serve for nourishment.
The substance of gold is invincible by the pow-
erfullestheat, and that not only alimentallyinasub-
stantial mutation, but alsomedicamentally in any
corporeal conversion. Brown's Pulgar Errottro.
ALIME'N TA R IN Ess. n. . [from alimen-
tary.] The quality of being alimentary,
or of affording nourishment. Dirt.
AllME'NT ARY. adj. [from aliment.]
1. That belongs or relates to aliment.
The solution of the aliment by mastication is
necessary; without it, the aliment could not be
disposed for the changes which it receives as it
passeth through the alimentary duct. Arbuthnot.
2. That has the quality of aliment, or the
power of nourishing. *
I do not think that water supplies animals, or
even plants, with nourishment, but serves for a
vchicle to the alimentary particles, to convey and
distribute them to the several parts of the body.
Fay on the treation,

Of alimentary roots, some are pulpy and very nutritious; as turnips and carrots. These have a fattening quality. Arbuthnot on Aliments. All MENTA’t lon. m. s. [from aliment.] 1. The power of affording aliment; the quality of nourishing. 2. The state of being nourished by assimilation of matter received. Plants do nourish; inanimate bodies do not: they have an accretion, but no alimentation. Bacon's Natural History. All Mo'Nious. adj. [from alimony.] That does nourish, a word very little in use. : The plethora renders us lean, by suppressing our spirits, whereby they are incapacitated of digesting the alimonious humours intoflesh. Harvey. A'LIMONY. m. s. [alimonia, Lat..] Alimony signifies that legal proportion of the husband's estate, which, by the sentence of the ecclesiastical court, is allowed to the wife for her maintenance, upon the account of any separation from him, provided it be not caused by her ... elopement or adultery. Ayliffe. Before they settled hands and hearts, , Till alimony or death them parts. Hudibras. A’ll QUANT. adj. [aliquantus, Lat..] Parts of a number, which, however repeated, will never make up the number exactly ; as, 3 is an aliquant of Io, thrice 3 being 9, four times 3 making 12. A’li Quo T. adj [aliquot, Lat..] Aliquot parts of any number or quantity, such as will exactly measure it without any remainder: as, 3 is an aliquot part of 12, because, being taken four times, it will just measure it. A'L1s H. adj. [from ale.] Resembling ale ; having qualities of ale. Stirring it, and beating down the yeast, gives it the sweet alish taste. Mortimer's Husbandry. A'Litu RE. n.s.. [alitura, Lat.] Nourishment. Dict. Ali’v E. adj. [from a and live.] 1, In the state of life ; not dead. Nor well alive, nor wholly dead they were, But some faint signs of feeble life appear. Dryd. Not youthful kings in battle seiz'd alive, Not scornful lovers who their charms survive. wor2. In a figurative sense, unedioui à ; - undestroyed; active; in full force. Those good and learned men had reason to wish, that their proceedings might be favoured, and the good affection of such as inclined toward them kept alive. ly: full of al Hooker, . Cheerful ; sprightly; full of alacrity. 3 she was not P. #. the whole ... if she slept more than six hours. Clarissa. 4. In a popular sense, it is used only to add an emphasis, like the French du monde; as, the best man alive; that is, the best, with an emphasis. This sense has been long in use, and was once admitted into serious writings, but is now mercly ludicrous. -. And to those brethren said, rise, rise by-live,

And unto battle do yourselves address: * For yonder comes the prowest knight alive, Prince Arthur, flower of grace and nobiless. Fairy Queen. The earl of Northumberland, who was the proudest man alive, could not look upon the de; struction of monarchy with any pleasure. Clarend. John was quick and understood business, but no man alive was more careless in looking into his accounts. Arbuthnot. A’lk AH Est, n, s. A word used first by Paracelsus and adopted by his followers, to signify an universal dissolvent, or liquor which has the power of resolving all things into their first principles. Alk Al E'scent. adj. [from alkali..] That has a tendency to the properties of an alkali. All animal diet is alkalescent or anti-acid. Arbuthnot. . A'LKALI. m. s. [The word alkali comes from an herb, called by the Egyptians Kali ; by us, glass-wort. This herb they burnt to ashes, boiled them in water, and, after having evaporated the water, there remained at the bottom a white salt; this they called sal kali, or alkali. It is corrosive, producing putrefaction in animal substances to which it is applied. Arbuthnot on Aliments.] An substance which, when mingled wit acid, produces effervescence and fermentation. A’lk A1 is E. adj. [from alkali..] That has the qualities of alkali. Any watery liquor will keep any animal from starving very long, by diluting the fluids, and ..o. keeping them from an alkaline state. People have lived twenty-four days upon nothing but water. - .1 rhathrat, To AlkA/lizat E. v. a. [from alkali.] To make bodies alkaline, by changing their nature, or by mixing alkalies with them. ALK A'Liz At E. adj, [from alkali.] Having the qualities of alkali; impregnated with alkali, The odour of the fixed nitre is very languidi but that which it discovers, being dissolved in hot water, is different, being of kin to that of other alkalizate salts. Boyle. The colour of violets in their syrup, by acid liquors, turns red, and, by urinous and allalizate, turns green. .Netvian. ALK A lization. n.s.. [from alkali.]"The act of alkalizating, or impregnating bodies with alkali. A’t ka N E r. m. s. [anchusa, Lat.] A plant. This plant is a species of bugloss, with a red root, brought from the southern parts of France, and used in medicine, Miller. ALKEKE'NG.I. m. s. A medicinal fruit or berry, produced by a plant of the same denomination; popularly also called winter-cherry: the plant bears a near resemblance to Solanum, or night

shade; whence it is frequently called in Latin by that name, with the addition or epithet of vesicarium. Chambers. ALKERMES. n.s. In medicine, a term borrowed from the Arabs, denoting a celebrated remedy, of the consistence of aconsection; whereof the kermes berries are the basis. The otheringredients. are pippin-cyder, rose-water, sugar, ambergrease, musk, cinnamon, aloeswood, pearls, and leaf-gold ; but the sweets are usually omitted. The confectio alermes is chiefly made at Montpelier. The grain, which gives it the denomination, is no where found so plentifully as there. Chambers. ALL, adj. [æll, aeal, ealle, alle, Sax. oil, Welsh; al, Dutch ; alle, Germ. 37.2;..] 1. Being the whole number; every one. Brutus is an honourable man; So are they all, all honourable men. Shaks. To graze the herb all leaving, Devour'd each other. Milton's Paradise Lost. The great encouragement of all, is the assurance of a future reward. Tillotson. 4. Being the whole quantity ; every part. Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work. Deuteronomy. . Political power, I take to be a right of making laws with penalties, and of employing the force of the community in the execution of such laws, and in the defence of the commonwealth; *d all this only for the public good. Locke. 3. The whole quantity, applied to duraration of tirhe. On those pastures cheerful spring All the year doth sit and sing; And, rejoicing, smiles to see heir green backs wear his livery. Crashaw. 4. The whole extent of place. Gratiano speaks an infinite deal of nothing, more than any man in all Venice. Shakspeare. All adv. [S-e ALL, adj.] *}. completely. ow is my love ail ready forth to come. Spen. Know, Röme, that all alone Marcius did fight Within Corioli gates. Shakspeare. He swore soloud, That, all amaz'd, the priest let fall the book. - Shakspeare. The Saxons could call a comet a faxed star, which is all one with stella crinita, or cometa, Camden's Remaint. For a large conscience is all one, , And signifies the same, with none. Hudibrar. lin, from a silver box distill'd around, Shall all bedev the roots, and scent the sacred ground. - - Dryden. do not remember he anywhere mentions exi. the title of the first-born, but all along eeps himself under the shelter of the indefinite term, heir. Lake. Justice may be furnished out of fire, as far as or sword goes; and courage may be all over a continued blaze. - - Addison. If eer the miser durst his farthings spare, He thinly spreads them through the public

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2. Altogether; wholly; without any other consideration. I am of the temper of most kings, who love to be in debt, are all for present money, no matter how they pay it afterward. Dryden. 3. Only ; without admission of any thing else. When I shall wed, That lord, whose hand must take my plight, shall carry Half my love with him, half my care and duty. Sure I shall never marry like my sister, To love my father all. Shakspeare. , 4. Although. This sense is truly Teutonick, but now obsolete. Do you not think th'accomplishment of it Sufficient work for one man's simple head, All were it as the rest but simply writ? Spenter. 5. It is sometimes a word of emphasis, nearly the same with just. A shepherd's swain, say, did thee bring, All as his straying flock he fed; / And, when his honour hath thee read, Crave pardon forthy hardyhead. Spenser's Past. 6. It was anciently in English, what it is now in the other Teutonick dialects, a particle of mere enforcement. He thought them sixpence all too dear. Song in Shakspeare. Tell us what occasion of import Hath all so long detain'd you from your wife. Shakpeare. AI. L. n.os. 1. The whole: opposed to part, or nothing. And will she yet debase her eyes on me? On me, whose all not equals Edward's moiety? - Shakspeare. Nought's had, all's spent, Where our desire is got without content. Shaks. The youth shall study, and no more engage Their flattering wishes for uncertain age No more with fruitless care, and cheated strife, Chace fleeting pleasure through the maze of life; Finding the wretched all they here can have But present food, and but a future grave. Prior. Our all is at stake, and irretrievably lost, if we fail of success. - ison. . Every thing. Then shall we be news-cramm'd.—All the better; we shall be the more remarkable. Soaks. Up with my tent, here will I lie to-night; But where to-morrow 2–Well, all's one for that. - Shal peare. All the fitter, Lentulus: our coming Is not for salutation; we have bus'ness. B. fort. That is, everything is the better, the Jane, the fitter. Sceptre and pow'r, thy giving, I assume; And glad her shall resign, when in the en Thou shalt be all in all, and I in thee, For ever; and in me all whom thou lov'st. Mil. They that do not keep up this indifferency for all but truth, put coloured spectacles before their eyes, and look through false glasses Locke. 3. The phrase and all is of the same kind. They all fell to work at the roots of the tree, and left it so little foothold, that the first blast of wind laid it flat upon the ground, nest, eagles,

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and all. L'Estrange. A torch, snuff and all, goes out in a moment, when dipped in the yapour. diaison. 4. All is much used in composition; but, in most instances, it is merely arbitrary; as, all-commanding. Sometimes the words compounded with it are fixed and classical; as, almighty. When it is connected with the participle, it seems to be a noun: as, all-surrounding : in other cases an adverb; as, all-accomplished, or completely accomplished. Of these compounds, a small part of these which

may be found is inserted. All-BEAR IN G. adj. [from all and bear.]

That bears everything; omniparous. Thus while he spoke, the sov’reign plant he grew

Where on th’ai-karing earth unmark'dit grew.

- Pope. All-che ER IN G. adj.[from alland cheer.] That gives gayety and cheerfulness to all. Soon as the all-cheering sun Should, in the farthest cast, begin to draw The shady curtains from Aurora's bed. Shałr. All-com MAN Dr N G. adj. [from all and command.] Having the sovereignty over all. - He now sets before them the high and shining idol of glory, the all-commanding image of bright gold. Raleigh. All-controsis odd from all and compose.] That quiets all men, or every thing. Wrapt in embow'ring shades Ulysses lies, His woes forgot' but Pallas now addrest Tobreak the bands of all-composing rest. Pope. ALL-co Nau ER IN G. adj. [from all and conquer.]. That subdues everything. Second of Satan sprung, all-conquering death! What think'st thou of our empire now? Milton. All-co Ns. MIN G. adj. [from all and consume.] That consumes everything. By age unbroke—but all-consuming care Destroys perhaps the strength that time would spare. ope. All-Devou RIN G. adj. [from all and devour.] That eats up everything. Secure from flames, from envy's fiercer rage, Testructive war, and all-devouring age. Pope. ALL-Fot Rs. m. s. [from all and four.]. A low game at cards, played by two; so named from the four particulars by which it is reckoned, and which, joined in the hard of either of the parties, are said to make all-fours. ALL HA! L. m. s. from all and hail, for Health..] All health. This is therefore not a compound, though perhaps usually

reckoned among them; a term of salu- "

tation. Salve, or salvete.

All hail, ye fields, where constant peace attends!

All hail, ye sacred solitary groves! All hail, ye books, my true, my real friends, Whose conversation pleases and improves! Walsh. A L L H A Llow. ; m. . [from all and halALL HAL ows. 5 low.] All saints day; the first of November.

All-HAL Lown. adj. [from all and hatlow, to make holy.] The time about All saints day. Farewell, thou latter spring! farewell, All-ballown summer. Shai peare's Henry Iv. ALL HAL Low Tid E. m. s. [See ALL-H AlLow N.] The term near All saints, or the first of November. Cut off the bough about Allhallowtide, in the bare place, and set it in the ground, and it will growto be a fair tree in one year. Bac. N. Hist. All-H E A l. n.s. panax, Lat..] A species of ironwort; which see. All-JUDG IN G. adj. [from all and judge.] That has the sovereign right of judgment. I look with horrour back, That I detest my wretched self, and curse My past polluted life. All-judging Heaven, Who knows my crimes, has seen my sorrow for them. Rowe's jane Shore. All-k Now IN G. adj. [from alland know.] Omniscient ; all-wise. Shall we repine at a little misplaced charity, we, who could no way foresee the effect; when an all-knowing, all-wise Being, showers down every day his benefits on the unthankful and un.deserving? Auerbury's Sermons. All-MAK iN G. adj.[from all and make.] That created all; omnifick. See ALLse El N G. All-pow ER Fu L. adj. [from all and powerful..] Almighty; omnipotent; possessed of infinite power. O all-powerful Beings the least motion of whose will can create or destroy a world, pity us, the mournfulfriends of thy distressed servant. Swift. ALL sa INTs DAY. m. s. The day on which there is a general celebration of the saints; the first of November. All-see R. m. s. Efrom all and see..] He that sees or beholds every thing ; he whose view comprehends all things. That high All-rrer, which I dallied with, Hath turn'd my feigned prayer on my head, And giv'n in earnest what I begg'd injest. SB-13. All-SEE IN G. adj. [from all and see.] That beholds everything. The i. First Mover certain bounds has ac How #. those perishable forms shall last; Nor can they last beyond the time assign'd ... By that all-seeing and all-making mind. Dryden. All souls DAY. m. s. The day on which supplications are made for all souls by the church of Rome; the second of November. This is all souls day, fellows, is it not?— It is my lord. Why then all souls day is my body's doomsday. Shakspeare. ALL-sufficI ENT. adj. [from all and softficient | Sufficient to every thing. The testimonies of God are perfect, the testi

monies of God are all-sufficient unto that end for which they were given. echer.

He can more than employ all our powers is their utmost elevation; for he is every way perfect and all-officient. Norris. All-wise. adi. [from all and wise.] Possest of infinite wisdom. There is an infinite, eternal, all-wise mind governing the affairs of the world. South. Supreme, all-wise, eternal potentates Sole author, sole disposer, of our fate Prior. ALLANTO’IS, or ALLANTO'IDES. n...[from oxo; a gut, and “23, shape.] The urinary tunick placed between the amnion and chorion, which, by the navel and urachus, or passage by which the urine is conveyed from the infant in the womb, receives the urine that comes out of the bladder. Quincy. To ALLA’Y. v. a. (from alloyer, Fr. to mix one metal with another in order to coinage : it is therefore derived by some from a la loi, according to law; the quantity of metals being mixed according to law: by others, from allier, to unite: perhaps from allocare, to put together.] 1. To mix one metal with another, to make it fitter for coinage. In this sense most authors preserve the original French orthography, and write alloy. See AlLoy. 2. To join any thing to another, so as to abate its predominant qualities. It is used commonly in a sense contrary to its original meaning, and is, to make something bad, less bad. To obtund; to repress; to abate. Being brought into the open air, I would alloy the burning quality Of that fell poison. No friendly, offices shall alter or allay that rancour, that frets in some hellish breasts, which, upon all occasions, will foam out at its foul mouth in slander and invective. South. 3. To quiet; to pacify ; to repress. The word, in this sense, I think not to be derived from the French alloyer, but to be the English word lay, with a before it, according to the old form. If by your art you have Put the wild waters in this roar,allay them. Shak, All A'y. n.s.. [alloy, Fr.] 1. The metal of a baser kind mixed in coins to harden them, that they may wear less. Gold is allayed with silver and copper, two carats to a pound Troy; silver with copper only, of which eighteen penny-weights is mixed with a pound. Cowell thinks the allay is added, to countervail the charge of coining ; which might have been done only by making the coin less. For fools are stubborn in their way, As coins are harden'd by th' allay. Hudibrar.

2. Anything which, being added, abates the predominant qualities of that with which it is mingled; in the same manner as the admixture of baser metals

allays the qualities of the first mass.


Dark colours easily suffer a sensible allry, by little scattering light. Newton's Optkki. 3. Allay being taken from baser metals, commonly implies something worse than that with which it is mixed. The joy has no allay of jealousy, hope, and fear. - Aoscommon. All A'Ye R. n.s.. [from allay.] The person or thing which hasthe power or quality of allaying. hlegm and pure blood are reputed allayers of acrimony; and Avicen countermands letting blood in cholerick bodies; because he esteems the blood a frenum bilis, or a bridle of gall, obtunding its acrimony and fierceness. Harvey. All A'YMENT. n.s.. [from allay.] That which has the power of allaying or abating the force of another. If I could temporize with my affection, Or brew it to a weak and colder palate, The like allayment would I give my grief. Shah. ALLEGA/T 16.N. n.s.. [from all ge.] 1. Affirmation ; declaration. 2. The thing alleged or affirmed. Hath he not twit our sovereign lady here With ignominious words, though darkly coucht? As if she had suborned some to swear False allegations, to o'erthrow his state 2 Shalop. 3. An excuse ; a plea. I omitted no means to be informed of my errours: and I expect not to be excused in any negligence on account of youth, want of leisure, or any other idle alligations. Pope. To ALLEGE. v.a. Lallego, Lat.] 1. To affirm; to declare; to maintain. 2. To plead as an excuse, or produce as an argument. Surely the presentform ofchurch-government is such, as no law of God, or reason of man, hath hitherto been alleged of force sufficient to prove they do ill, who, to the utmost of their power, withstand the alteration thereof. Hooker. If we forsake the ways of grace or goodness, we cannot allege any colour of ignorance, or want of instruction; we cannot say we have not learned them, or we could not. Sprat. He hath a clear and full view, and there is no more to be alleged for his better information. - Locke. Alle's e A B1 E. adj. [from allege.] That may be alleged. Upon this interpretation all may be solved that is allegeable against it. Brown's Vulgar Errourr. ALLE/GEMENT. m. s. [from allege.] The same with allegation. Dict. ALLE'GER. m. ... [from allege.] He that alleges. The narrative, if we believe it as confidently as the famous alleger of it, Pamphilio, appears to do, would argue, that there is no other principle requisite, than what may result from the lucky mixture of several bodies. Boyle. Al LE'G1 AN ce. n. [allegeance, Fr.] The duty of subjects to the government. I did pluck allogiance from men's hearts, Loud shouts and salutations from their mouths, Even in the presence of the crowned . Shak. We charge you, on allegiance to ourselves, To hold your slaughtering hands, and keep the Peace, Shakspeara

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