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A computer; a man skilled or employed Plants do nourish; inanimate bodies do not; in accounts.
they have an accretion, but no alimentacion. The different compute of divers states; the
Natural History, short and irreconcileable years of some; the ex.
The changes seem to be effected by the exceeding errour in the natural frame of others;
haling of the moisture, which may leave the and the false deductions of ordinary accountants
tinging corpuscles more dense, and something in most. Brown's Vulgar Errours.
augmented by the accretion of the oily and earthly Acco'UNT-BOOK. n. s. A book containing
parts of that moisture. Newton's Optics.
Infants support abstinence worst, from the accounts.
quantity of aliment consumed in accretion. I would endeavour to comfort myself upon
Arbutbnot on Aliments the loss of friends, as I do upon the loss of mo.
ACCREʼTIVE. adj. [from accretion.) Grow. ney; by turning to my account-book, and seeing whether I have enough left for my support:
ing; that whích by growth is added. Swift. if the motion be very slow, we perceive it not:
we have no sense of the accretive motion of AccoʻUNTING. n. s. [from account.] The
plants and animals; and the sly shadow steaks act of reckoning, or making up of ac
away upon the dial, and the quickest eye can counts.
discover no more but that it is gone. Glanville, This method, faithfully observed, must keep To ACCRO'ACH. v. a. (accrocher, Fr.) a man from breaking, or running behind-hand,
To draw to one, as with a hook; to in his spiritual estate; which, without frequent accountings, he will hardly be able to prevent.
gripe ; to draw away by degrees what
Soutb's Sermons. is another's. To Acco'UPLE. v. a. (accoupler, Fr.) To ACCRO'ACHMENT, 1. s. (from accroach.) join; to link together. We now use The act of accroaching.
TO ACCRU'E. v. n. (from the participle He sent a solemn embassage to treat a peace accrű, formed from accroître, Fr.) and league with the king; accoupling it with an 1. To accede to; to be added to ; as a article in the nature of a request.
natural production or effect, without To Acco'URAGE. v. a. (Obsolete. See
any particular respect to good or ill. COURAGE.) To animate.
The Son of God, by his incarnation, hath That forward pair she ever would assuage, When they would strive due reason to exceed;
changed the manner of that personal subsistence; But that same froward twain would accourage,
no alteration thereby accruing to the nature of God.
Hooker. And of her plenty add unto their need. Fairy Q. TO ACCO'Urt. v. a. [See To COURT.]
2. To be added, as an advantage or im. To entertain with courtship or courtesy.
provement, in a sense inclining to good Not in use.
rather than ill; in which meaning it is Who all this while were at their wanton rest,
more frequently used by later authors. Accourting each her friend with lavish feast. From which compact there arising an obliga
Fairy Queen. tion upon every one, so to convey his meaning, TO ACCO'UTRE. v. a. [accoûtrer, Fr.]
there accrues also a right to every one, by the To dress; to equip.
same signs, to judge of the sense or meaning or Is it for this they study? to grow pale,
the person so obliged to express himself. South.
Let the evidence of such a particular miracle And miss the pleasures of a glorious meal?
be never so bright and clear, yet it is still but For this, in rags accoutred are they seen, And made the May-game of the public spleen?
particular; and must therefore want that kind Dryden.
of force, that degree of influence, which accrues
to a standing general proof, from its having been Acco'UTREMENT, n. s. [accoûtrement,
tried or approved, and consented to, by men of Fr.) Dress ; equipage; furniture re all ranks and capacities, of all tempers and in. lating to the person ; trappings; orna terests, of all ages and nations.
3. To append to, or arise from, as an I profess requital to a hair's breadth; not only ill
consequence : this sense seems to be in the simple office of love, but in all the accoutrement, complement, and ceremony of it. Shaks.
His scholar Aristotle, as in many other pare Christianity is lost among them in the trap
ticulars, so likewise in this, did justly oppose pings and accoutrements of it; with which, in
him, and became one of the authors; choosing stead of adorning religion, they have strangely
a certain benefit, before the hazard that might disguised it, and quite stifled it in the crowd of external rices and ceremonies. Tillotson.
accrue from the disrespects of ignorant persons I have seen the pope officiate at St. Peter's,
Wilkins, where, for two hours together, he was busied in
4. In a commercial sense, to be produced, putting or or off his different accoutrements, ac or to rise, as profit. cording to the different parts he was to act in The yearly benefit that, out of those his works, them.
Addison's Spectator. accrueth to her majesty, amounteth to one thoue How gay, with all th' accoutrements of war, sand pounds.
Carew's Survey. The Britons come, with gold well-fraught they The great profits which have accrued to the
Philips. duke of Florence from his free port, have set ACCRETION. n. s. (accretio, Lat.) The several of the states of Italy on the same projecte act of growing to another, so as to in
Addison on Italy. crease it.
3. To follow, as loss; a vitious use,
The benefit or loss of such a trade aceruing hardened effrontery! to insult the revealed will to the government, until it comes to take root of God; or the petulent conceit to turn it into in the nation.
Temple's Miscellanies. ridicule; or the arrogance to make his own pero AccuBa'tion. n. s. [from accubo, to lie fections the measure of the Divinity; or, at best, down to, Lat.) The ancient posture
that can collate a text, or quote an authority, of leaning at meals.
with an insipid accuracy; or demonstrate a picio It will appear that arcubation, or lying down
proposition, in all formality; these now are the
De'any." at meals, was a gesture used by very many na
only men worth inentioning. tions Brown's Vuiger Errours.
We consider the uniformity of the whole de
sign, accuracy of the calculations, and skill in TO ACCU'M B. v. a. (accumbo, Lat.] To
restoring and comparing passages of ancient age lie at the table, according to the ancient thors.
Arbuthnet or Coins
Dict. ACCURATE. adj. [accutratus, Lat.) Accu'MBENT. adj. (accumbens, Lat.] 1. Exact, as opposed to negligence or igLeining
norance : applied to persons. The Roman recumbent, or, more properly,
2. Exact ; without defect-or failure : apaccumbent posture in eating, was introduced after the first Punic war.
Arbuthnot on Coins.
plied to things. TO ACCU'MULATE. v. a. \from accu.
No man living has made more accura!e trials
than Reaumure, the brightest ornament of mulo, Lat., To heap one thing upon France.
Colson. another; to pile up; to heap together. 3. Determinate ; precisely fixed. It is used either literally, as, to accumu Those conceive the celestial bodies have more late money; or figuratively, as, to ac
accurate influences upon these things below, than cumulate merit or wickedness.
indeed they have but in gross.
Bacoma If thou dost slander her, and torture me,
A'C. URATELY. adv. (from accurate.] la Never pray more; abandon all remorses,
an accurate manner ; exactly; without On horror's head horrors accumulate ;
errour; nicely. For nothing canst thou to damnation add. Shaks. The sine of incidence is either accurately, or Crusht by imaginary treasons weight,
very nearly, in a given ratio to the sine of reWhich too much merit did accumulate.
Newton. Sir Fobn Denham, That all these distances, motions, and quarto ACCUMULATION.n, s. [from accumulate.) tities of matter, should be so accurately and har1. The act of accumulating.
moniously adjusted in this great variety of our One of my place in Syria, his lieutenant, system, is above the fortuitous hits of blind ma. For quick accumulation of renown,
terial causes, and must certainly flow from that Which he atchiev'd by th' minute, lost his favour, eternal fountain of wisdom.
Bentley. Sbakspeare's Antony and Cleopatra. A'CCURATENESS, 1. s. [from accurate] Some, perhaps, might otherwise wonder at Exactness; nicety. such an accumulation of benefits, like a kind of But some time after, suspecting that in embroidering or listing of one favour upon an making this observation I had not determined other.
Wotton. the diameter of the sphere with sufficient acry2. Ilie state of being accumulated.
rateness, I repeated the experiment. Newian. By the regular returns of it in some people, To ACCU'RSE, v. a. (See CURSE.) To and their freedom froin it after the morbid mat
doom to misery; to invoke misery upon ter is exhausted, it looks as there were regular accumulations and gatherings of it, as of other
any one. bumours in the body.
Arbuthnot on Diet. As if it were an unlucky comet, or as if God ACCU AULATIV : adj. [from accumulate.]
had so accursed it, that it should never shine to 1. That does accumulate.
give light in things concerning our duty any way towards him.
Hooker. %. That is accumulaied.
When Hildebrand accursed and cast down If the injury meet not with meekness, it then
from his throne Henry IV. there were none so acquires another accumulative guilt, and stands answerable not only for its own positive ill, but Accu' SED. part. adj.
hardy as to defend their lord. Raleigh's Essays. for all the accidental which it causes in the sufGovernment of the Tongue.
1. That is cursed or doomed to misery. A CUM" ATOR. n. s. (from accumulate.]
"Tis the most certain sign the world's accursi, He that accumulates; a gatherer or
That the best things corrupted are and worst.
Denban. heaper together.
2. That deserves the curse; execrable; Injuries may fall upon the passive man, yet, without revenge, there would be no broils and bateful; detestable ; and, by conse. quarrels, the great accumulators and multipliers quence, wicked ; malignant. of injuries. Decay of Piety.
A swift blessing AccÚr scY, 1. s. [accuratio, Lat.] Ex May soon return to this our suffering country, actness; nicety:
Under a hand accurs'd!
Shakspeare: This perfect artifice and accuracy might have
The chief part of the misery of wicked men, and been cornicted, and yet they have made shift to those accursed spirits, the devils, is this, that they move.
More. are of a disposition contrary to God. Tillotson. Quickness of imagination is seen in the inven
They, like the seed from which they sprungs tion, fertility in the fancy, and the accuracy in
accurst, the expression
Against the gods immortal hatred nurst. Dryden. The man who hash che supid igawance, or Accu'sABLE. adj. (from the verb accuse.).
That may be censured ; blameable ; and others, on the score of some filthy lucre they culpable.
propose to gain thereby; others, on the score of There would be a manifest defect, and na
their conditions, as libertines against their pature's improvision were justly accusable ; if ani
trons; and others, through a suspicion of camals, so subject unto diseases from bilious causes,
lumny, as having once already given false evishould want a proper conveyance for choler.
dence; and, lastly, others on account of their Brown's Vulgar Errours.
poverty, as not being worth more than fifty aurei. ACCUSA'TION. n. s. (from accuse.]
- That good man, who drank the pois'nous 1. The act of accusing.
draught, Thus they in mutual accusation spent
With mind serene, and could not wish to see The fruitless hours, but neither self-condemn His vile accuser drink as deep as he. Dryder. ing,
If the person accused maketh his innocence And of their vain contest appear’d no end. Milt.
plainly to appear upon his trial, the accuser is 2. The charge brought against any one immediately put to an ignominious death; and, by the accuser.
out of his goods and lands, the innocent person You read is quadruply recompensed. Gulliver's Travels
. These accusations, and these grievous crimes
TO ACCU'STOM. v. a. saccoûtumer, Committed by your person, and your followers.
Fr.) To habituate ; to inure: with
Sbakspeare. the particle to. It is used chiefly of All accusation, in the very nature of the thing,
persons. still supposing, and being founded upon, some How shall we breathe in other air law: for where there is no law, there can be no Less pure, accustom'd to immortal fruits? transgression, and where there can be no trans
Milton. gression, I ain sure there ought to be no accu It has been some advantage to accustom one's sation.
South. self to books of the same edition. Watts, 3. [In the sense of the courts.) A declar. To Accu'stom. v. n. To be wont to do ation of some crime preferred before a
any thing. Obsolete. competent judge, in order to inflict A boat over-freighted sunk, and all drowned, some judgment on the guilty person. saving one woman, that in her first popping op Aylife's Parergon.
again, which most living things accustom, got hold of the boat.
Caraw, ACCU'S ATITE. adj. [accusativus, Lat.]
Accu's TOMABLE, adj. [from accustom.] A term of grammar, signifying the re
Of long custom or habit ; habitual ; lation of the noun, on which the action
customary. implied in the verb terminates.
Animals even of the same original, extraction, Accu's ATORY. adj. [from accuse.] That and species, may be diversified by accustomable produces or contains an accusation. residence in one climate, from what they are in In a charge of adultery, the accuser ought to another..
Hale's Origin of Mankind. set forth, in the accusatory libel, some certain Accu'STOMABLY, adv. According to and definite time.
Aylife. custom. TO ACCU'SE. v. a. (accuso, Lat.)
Touching the king's fines accustomably paid for 1. To charge with a criine. It requires the purchasing of writs original, I find no certain
the particle of before the subject of ac beginning of them, and do therefore think that cusation.
they grew up with the chancery. Bacon's Alien. He stripp'd the bears-foot of its leafy growth; Accu'sTOMANCE. n. s. (accoûtumance, And, calling western winds, accus'd the spring Fr.] Custom ; habit ; use. of sloth.
Dryden's Virgil. Through accustomance and negligence, and The professors are accused of all the ill prac perhaps some other causes, we neither feel it in tices which may seem to be the ill consequences our own bodies, nor take notice of it in others. of their principles. Addison.
Beyle. 2. It sometimes admits the particle for. ACCU'STOMARILY.adv. In a customary
Never send up a leg of a fowl at supper while manner; according to common or cus there is a cat or dog in the house, that can be tomary practice. accused for running away with it: but, if there
Go on, rhetorick, and expose the peculiar emihappen to be neither, you must lay it upon the
nency which you accustomarily marshal before rats, or a strange greyhound. Swift. logic to public view,
Cleavcland. 3. To blame or censure, in opposition to Accu'sTOMARY. adj. [from accustom.] applause or justification. Their conscience bearing witness, and their Accu'stomED. adj. [from accustom ) Ac
Usual; practised; according to custom. thoughts the mean while accusing or else ex
Romans. cusing one another.
cording to custom; frequent ; usual.
Look how she rubs her hands.-It is an acYour valour would their sloth too much accuse, And therefore, like themselves, they princes
customed action with her, to seem thus washing choose. Dryden's Tyrannick Love.
her hands : I have known her continue in this Accu'ser. n. s. [from accuse.) He that Ace. n. s. [ As not only signified a piece
á quarter of an hour. Sbakspeare's Macbeté. brings a charge against another.
of money, but any integer, from whence There are some persons forbidden to be ac
is derived the word ace, or unit. Thus cusers, on the score of their sex, as women; others of their age, as pupils and infants; others upon
As signified the whole inheritance. Arthe account of some crimes committed by them; buthnot on Coins.)
3. An unit; a single point on cards or Upon this account, our senses are dulled and dice.
spent by an extraordinary intention, and our very When lots are shuffled cogether in a lap, urn,
eyes will ache, if long tíxed upon any difficultly or pitcher; or if a man blindfold casts a die,
Glanville what reason in the world can he have to presume, To ACHI'EVE. v. a. (achever, Fr. to that he shall draw a white stone rather than a
complete.] black, or throw an ace rather than a sise? Soutb. 1. To perform ; to finish a design pro. 2. A small quantity ; a particle ; an sperously. atom.
Our toils, my friends, are crown'd with gre He will not bate an ace of absolute certainty; but however doubtful or improbable the thing is, The greater part perform’d, achieve the less coming from him, it must go for an indisputable
Government of the Tengue. 2. To gain ; to obtain. I'll not wag an ace further : the whole world
Experience is by industry acbiev'd, shall not bribe me to it. Dryden's Spanish Friar. And perfected by the swift course of time. Shak. Ace'phalous. adj. [úxipars.] With Tranio, I burn, I pine, I perish, Tranio, out a head.
Dict. If I acbicve not this young modest girl. Slat. ACE'R B. adj. [acerbus, Lat.) Acid, with
Thou hast adiev'd our liberty, contin'd
Milton. an addition of roughness, as most fruits
Show all the spoils by valiant kings achiev'd, are before they are ripe. Quincy.
And groaning nations by their arms reliev'd. ACE'RBITY. n. s. [acerbitas, Lat.)
Prior. 1. A rough sour taste.
ACHI'EVEMENT, 1. s. (achevement, Fr.) 1. Sharpness of temper; severity: ap 1. The performance of an action. plied to men.
From every coast that heaven walks about, True it is, that the talents for criticism, name
Have thither come the noble martial crew, ly, smartness, quick censure, vivacity of remark,
That famous hard acbievements still pursue. indeed all but acerbity, seem rather the gifts of
Fairy Queema youth than of old age.
Pope. 2. The escutcheon, or ensigns arīnoriai, T. ACERVATE. v. a. (acervo, Lai.) gran!ed to any man for the performance To heap up.
of great actions. ACERVATION. n. s. [from acervate.) Then shall the war, and stern debate, and strife The act of heaping together.
Immortal, be the bus ness of my life;
And in thy fame, the dusty spoils among, AcE'R VOSE. adj. Full of heaps, Dict.
High on the burnish'd roof my banner shall be ACE'SCENT.adj. [acescens, Lat.] That has
hung, a tendency to sourness or acidity.
Rank'd with my champions bucklers; and below, The same persons, perhaps, had enjoyed their With arms revers'd, th' achievements of the soe. health as well with a mixture of aniinal diet,
Dryden. qualined with a sufficient quantity of arescents;
Achievement, in the first sense, is derived as, bread, vinegar, and fermented liquors.
from achieve, as it signifies to perform ; Arbuthnot on Aliments. Aceto's E. adj. That has in it any thing
in the second, from achieve, as it imDict.
ports to gain. ACE TO'SITY. n. s. (from acetose.) The
ACHI'EVER. n. s. He that performs ; he
that obtains what he endeavours after. state of being acetose, or of containing
A victory is twice itself, when the acbiever Dict.
brings home full numbers. Shakspeare. Actious, adj. (from acetum, vinegar, A'CHING. n. so strom ache.] Pain ; un
Lat.) Having the quality of vinegar ; easiness.
When old age comes to wait upon a great and Raisins, which consist chiefly of the juice of worshipful sinnner, it comes attended with many papes, inspissated in the skins or husks by the painful girds and acbings, called the gout. Soutb. avoltion of the superfluous moisture through ACHOR. n. s. (achor, Lat. exws, Gr. fura their pores, being distilled in a retort, did not
fur.] A species of the herpes; it apafförd any vinous, but rather an acetous spirit.
pears with a crusty scah, which causes ACHE. 11. s. (ace, Sax. ex; now gene
an itching on the surface of the head, rally written ake, and in the plural okes,
occasioned by a salt sharp serum oozing of one syllable; the primitive manner
through the skin.
Quinty, being preserved chiefly in poetry, for the A'CID. adj. (acidus, Lat. acide, fr] sake of the measure.] A continued pain.
Sour; sharp. See AKE.
Wild trees last longer than garden trees; and,
in the same kind, those whose fruit is acid, more I'll rack thee with old cramps ; than those whose fruit is sweet. Fill all thy bones with acbes, make thee roar,
Bacon's Nat. Hist. That beasts shall tremble at thy din. Sbaksp. A coming show'r your shooting corns presage,
Acid, or sour, proceeds from a salt of the same
nature, without mixture of oil : in austere castes, Old asbes throb, your hollow tooth will rage.
the oily parts have not disentangled themselves
from the salts and earthy parts; such is the taste To Acae. v. (See ACHE.) To be in
of unripe fruits. Arbuthnot on Aliments, pain,
Liquors and substances are called acids, whichon
being composed of pointed particles, affect the He has shewn his hero acknowledging and uxo taste in a sharp and piercing manner. The com grateful, compassionate and hard-hearted; buty mon way of trying, whether any particular li at the bottom, fickle and self-interested. quor hath in it any particles of this kind, is by
Dryden's Virgil. mixing it with syrup of violets, when it will turn ACKNOWLEDGMENT. N. s. [from acof a red colour; but it it contains alkaline or lixivial particles, it changes that syrup green.
1. Concession of any character in another; Acr'dity: n. s. (from acid.] The quality as, existence, superiority.
of being acid ; an acid taste ; sharpness; The due contemplation of the human nature sourness.
doth, by a necessary connexion and chain of Fishes, by the help of a dissolvent liquor, cor causes, carry us up to the unavoidable acknowrode and reduce their meat, skin, bones, and all,
ledgment of the Deity; because it carries every into a chylus or cremor; and yet this liquor ma
thinking man to an original of every successive nifests nothing of acidity to the taste. Ray.
Hale's Origin of Mankind. When the taste of the mouth is bitter, it is a 2. Concession of the truth of any position. sign of a redundance of a bilious alkali, and de Immediately upon the acknowledgment of the mands a quite different diet from the case of christian faith, the eunuch was baptized by acidity or sourness. Arbuthnot on Aliments.
Hooker. ACIDNESS. n. s. [from acid.] The qua 3. Confession of a fault.
lity of being acid; acidity. Sce 4. Confession of a benefit received; gratiACIDITY.
tude. ACIDULÆ. n. s. (that is, aqua acidul.x.] 5. Act of attestation to any concessions
Medicinal springs impregnated with such as homage.
Ireland, in beate, and alum springs are. Quincy. which the laws of England were never establish
The acidulæ, or medical sprinça, emit a greater ed, nor any acknowledgment of subjection trade, quantity of their minerals than usual; and even
Spenser's State of Ireland. the ordinary si rings, which were before clear, 6. Something given or done in confession fresh, and limpid, become thick and turbid, and of a benefit received. are impregnated with sulphur and other minerals, as long as the earthquake lasts.
The second is an acknowledgment to his mas Woodward.
jesty for the leave of fishing upon his coasts; and To ACIDULATE. v. a. (aciduler, Fr.] To though this may not be grounded upon any
impregnate or tinge with acids in a slight. treaty, yet, if it appear to be an ancient righe degree.
on our side, and custom on theirs, not determined A diet of fresh unsalted things, watery liquors or extinguished by any treaty between us, it may acidulated, farinaceous emollient substances, sour with justice be insisted on. milk, butter, and acid fruits. Arbuthnot
. AC'ME. n. s. [cxpen, Gr.] The height of TO ACKNO'WLEDGE. v. a. [a word
any thing ; more especially used to formed, as it seems, between the Latin
denote the height of a distemper, which and English, from agnosco, and know? is divided into four periods. ledge, which is deduced from the Saxon
arche, the beginning or first attack. cnapan, to know.)
2. Anabasis, the growth. 3. Acme, the s. To own the knowledge of; to own any
height. And 4. Paracme, which is the thing or person in a particular charac declension of the distemper.
Quincy: ter. My people do already know my mind,
ACO'LOTHIST. n. s. [axshatin.) One of And will acknowledge you and Jessica
the lowest order in the Romish church, In place of lord Bassanio and myself. Shakspeare.
whose office is to prepare the eleNone that acknowledge God, or providence, ments for the offices, to light the church, Their souls eternity did ever doubt.
Davies. &e. 2. To confess, as a fault.
It is a duty, according to the papal law, when For I acknowledge my transgressions; and my the bishop sings mass, to order all the inferior sin is ever before me.
clergy to appear in their proper habits; and to 3. To own, as a benefit : sometimes with see that all the offices of the church be rightly the particle to before the person con
performed'; to ordain the acolotbist, to keep the
sacred vessels. ferring the benefit.
Ayliffe's Parerger. His spirit
A'COLYTE. n. s. The same with ACOLO. Taught them; but they his gifts acknowledg'd
Miltor. A'CONITE. n. s. (aconitum, Lat.) Properly In the first place, therefore, I thankfully ac the herb wolfsbane ; but commonly knoquledge to the Almighty Power the assistance he has given me in the beginning and the prose
used in poetical language for poison in cution of my present studies. Dryden.
general. ACKNO'WLEDGING. adj. [from acknow
Oor land is from the rage of tygers freed,
Nor nourishes the lion's angry seed; ledge.] Grateful; ready to acknowledge
Nor pois'nous aconite is here produc'd, benefits received. - A gallicisin, recon Or grows unknown, or is, when known, re. noissant.