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Co’UR T1 E. R. n.s.. [from court.] 1. One that frequents or attends the courts

of princes. He hath been a ceartier, he swearsIf any man doubts that, let him put me to my purgation. I have trod a measure; I have flattered a lady; I have becn politick with my friend, smooth with mine enemy; I have undone three taylors; I have had four quarrels, and like to have fought one. Shakspeare. You are a flattering boy; now, I see you'll be a courtier. Shakspeare. You know I am no courtier, nor versed in stateaffairs. - Bacon. The principal figure in a picture is like a king among his courtiers, who ought to dim the lustre of his attendants. Dryden.

2. One that courts or solicits the favour

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of another. What Made thee, all honour'd honest Roman Brutus, With the arm'd rest, courtiers of beauteous freedom,

To drench the capitol: Shakspeare.

There was not among all our princes a greater •ourtier of the people than Richard III.; not out of fear, but wisdom. Suckling.

See CURTA IN.

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- Macduff was from his mother's womb - Untimely ripp'd Accursed be that tongue that tells me so! For it hath corv'd my better part of man. Shak. by reason of their frequent revolts, they have di..... “pon themselves the pressures of war so often, that it seems to have somewhat cowed their spirits. Horvel's Wocal Forest. For when men by their wives are tow'd, Their horns of course are understood. Hudib. Cow- H E R D. m. s. [cow, and hymb, Sax. a keeper.] One whose occupation is to tend cows. Cow-House. m. s. scow and house.] The house in which kine are kept. You must house your milch-cows, that you give hay to, in your cow-house all night. Mortiner. Cow-LE ECH. m. s. scow and leech.) One who professes to cure distempered cows. To Cow-LE EcH. v. n. To profess to cure cows. Though there are many pretenders to the art of farriering and coat-see./iro, yet many of them are very ignorant, especially in the country. ry 13, P Mortimer's #oo. Cow-w E E D. m. s. [cow and weed.] A species of chervil. Cow-wii e A T. n.s.. [cow and wheat..] A plant. * COWARD. m. s. [couard, Fr. of uncertain derivation.] 1. A poltroon; a wretch whose predominant passion is fear. Pyrocles did such wonders, beyond belief, as - was able to lead Musiqorus to courage, though he had been born a coward. Sidney. There was a soldier that vaunted, before Julius Cæsar, of the hurts he had received in his face. Caesar, knowing him to be but a coward, told him, You were best take heed, next time you run away, how you look back. Bacon. Some are brave one day, and cowards another; 2 as great captains have often told me, from their

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own experience and observation. Temple. * A coocard does not always escape with disgrace, but sometimes also he loses his life. South. o Tremble ye not, oh friends! and coward, fly,

Doom'd by the stern Telemachus to die! Pope. 2. It is sometimes used in the manner of an adjective. Having more man than wit about me, I drew, And rais'd the house with loud and coward cries. - - - Shakspeare. Invading fears repel my cowardjoy, And ills foreseen the present bliss destroy. Prior. Coow A R D ic E. m. s. [from coward.] Fear; habitual timidity; pusillanimity; want of courage. o Certes, sir knight, ye been too much to blame, Thus for to blot the honour of the dead; o And with foul coxwardice his carcase shame, * Whose living hands immortaliz'd his name. Fairy Queen. Gallant and fearless courage will turn into a native and heroick valour, and make them hate covardice of doing wrong. Milton. None was disgrac'd; for falling is no shame, And cowardice alone is loss of fame : – The vent'rous knight is from the saddle thrown; But 'tis the fault of fortune, not his own. Dryd. .." This great, this holy, this terrible Being, is #esent to all our affections; sees every treache... rous inclination of our heart to desert his ser*se; and treasures up, against the day of his

wrath, the secret co-wordice which detersus from asserting his cause, which prevails on us to coun#". the vices of the great, to applaud the ibertine, and laugh with the prophane. Rogers. Cow AR 1 LIN Ess. n.s.. [from cowardly.] Timidity; cowardice. a Cow A R D LY. adj. [from coward.] I. Fearful ; timorous ; pusillanimous. An Egyptian soothsayer made Antonius believe that his genius, otherwise brave and confident, was in the presence of Octavius poor and cowardly. Bacon's Natural History. 2. Mean ; befitting a coward; proceeding from fear. I do find it co-ordly and vile, For fear of what might fall, so to prevent The time of life. Shozar. Let all such as can enlarge their consciences like hell, and style a cowardly silence in Christ's cause discretion, know, that Christ will one da scorn them. - South. Co'w A R D Ly. adv. In the manner of coward ; meanly; vilely. He sharply reproved them as men of no conrage, who had most cowardly turned their backs upon their enemies. Anoller. Coow A R D S H 1 p.m. r. s from coward.] The character or qualities of a coward; meanness. Not in use. A very paltry boy, and more a coward than a hare : o dishonesty appears in leaving his friend here in necessity, and denying him; and for his cowardship, ask Fabian. Shakpeare. To Co'w E. R. v. n. [covrrian, Welsh : courber, Fr. or perhaps borrowed from the manner in which a cow sinks on her knees.) To sink by bending the knees; to stoop ; to shrink. Let the pail be put over the man's head above water, then he cover down, and the pail be pressed down with him. Bacos. The ons rocks cow'r'd in the sinking sands, And would not dish me with their ragged sides. Shakspears. As thus he spake, each bird and beast beheld, Approaching two and two ; these cow'ring lov With blandishment, each bird stocp'd din his wing. Milton. Our dame sits cow'ring o'er a kitchen fire; I draw fresh air, and nature's works admire. Dryder. Co’wish. adj. [from To cow, to awe.] Timorous : fearful ; mean ; pusillanimous ; cowardly. Not in use. It is the co-wish terrour of his spirit, That dares not undertake: he'll not feel wrongs Which tie him to an answer. Sbal peare. Cow K E E PER. m. s. scow and keeper.] One whose business is to keep cows. The terms cotto-oper and hogherd are not to be used in our poetry; but there are no finer words in the Greek language. Broome. COWL. n. 4. [cușlé, Saxon; cucullu, Latin.] I. A monk’s hood. - You may imagine that Francis Cornfield dia scratch his elbow, when he had sweetly invented, to signify his name, saint Francis with his fricry cow! in a cornfield. Camden. What differ more, you cry, than crown and cozolo I'll tell you, friend: a wise man and a fool. Pot. 2. [Perhaps from cool, cooler, a vessel usa which hot lso is set to cool.) A z &

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-2. The comb resembling that of a cock,

which licensed fools wore formerly in their caps. There, take my coxcomb; why, this fellow has banished two of his daughters, and did the third a blessing against his will; if thou follow him, thou must needs wear my coxcomb. Sbals. 3. A fop ; a superficial pretender to knowledge or accomplishments. I sent to her, By this same coxcomb that we have i' th' wind, Tokens and letters, which she did resend. Slak. I scorn, quoth she, thou coxcomb silly, Quarter or counsel from a foe. Hudibras. ft is a vanity for every pretending coxcomb to make himself one of the party still with his betters. L'Estrange. They overflowed with smart repartees; and were only distinguished from the intended wits by being called coxcombs, though they deserved not so scandalous a name. ryden. Some are bewilder'd in the maze of schools; And some made coxcombs, nature meant but fools. Pope.

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Coxco'Mic Al, adj. [from coxcomb.] Fop-
pish ; conceited : a low word, un-
worthy of use. ,
Because, as he was a very natural writer, and
they were without prejudice, without preposes-
sion, without affectation, and without the influ-
ence of coxcomical, senseless cabal, they were at
liberty to receive the impressions which things
Laturally made on their minds. Dennis.
COY. adj. [coi, French ; from quietus,
Latin.]
1. Modest : decent.

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*/ What if I please to lengthen out his date A day, and take a pride to cozen fate? Dryd. Children may be cozened into a knowledge of the letters; and be taught to read, without perceiving it to be any thing but a sport. Locke. Co’z E N A GE. n.s. (from cozen.] Fraud ; deceit; artifice; fallacy; trick; cheat; the practice of cheating. They say this town is full of cozenage; As, nimble jugglers that deceive the eye, l)isguised .. *:::::::: Wisdom without honesty is meer craft and •ozenage; and therefore the reputation of ho"nesty must first be gotten, o cannot be but by living well: a good life is a main argument. Ben 'fonson's Discoveries. There's no such thing as that we beauty call, It is mecreozen of all; For though some long ago Like certain colours mingled so and so, That deth not tie me now from chusing new. Suckling. Imaginary appearances offer themselves to our impatient minds, which entertain these counterfeits without the least suspicion of their cozen*ge. Glanville's Scopsis. Strange rez'nage / none would live past years again, Yet all hope pleasure in what yet remain; And from the drogs of life think to receive What the first sprightly running could not give. ryū. Aur. But all these are trifles, if we consider the fraud and cozenage of trading men and shopkeepers. Swift. Cooze N.E.R. m.s.. [from cozen.] A cheater; a defrauder. Indeed, sir, there are cozeners abroad, and therefore it behoves me to be wary. Shaks. CRAB. m. s. [cnabba, Sax. krabbe, Dut.] 1. A crustaceous fish. Those that cast their shell are, the lobster, the crab, the crawfish, the hodmandod or dodman, and the tortoise. The old shells are never found; so as it is like they scale off, and crumble away by degrees. Bacon's Nat. Hist. The fox catches crab fish with his tail, which Olaus Magnus saith he himself was an }. ness of. erham. 2. A wild apple; the tree that bears a wild apple: Noble stock Was graft with crab tree slip, whose fruit thou art. Shakspeare. Fetch me a dozen crab tree staves, and strong enes; these are but switches. Shakspeare. When roosted crabs hiss in the bowl, Then nightly sings the staring owl. Shałpeare. "I ell why a grift, taking nourishment from a zra B stock, shall have a fruit more noble than its nurse and parent. Taylor. 3. A peevish morose person. 2. A wooden engine with three claws for launching of ships, or heaving them into the dock. Phillips. 5. The sign in the zodiack. Then o the Twins and Crab, the Dog divides, And Argo's keel that broke the frothy tides. Creech. C* * B. adj. It is used by way of contempt for any sour or degenerate fruit: as, a crah cherry, a crab plum. Better gleanings their worn soil can boast Than the aro vintage of the neighb'ring coast.

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1. Peewish ; morose; cynical ; sour.
A man of years, yet fresh, as mote appear;
Of swarth complexion, and of crabled hue,
That him full of melancholy did shew. Spenter.
O, she is
Ten times moregentlethan herfather's cra!!ed;
And he 's compos'd of harshness. Slalope-re.
2. Harsh ; unpleasing.
That was when
Thisto months had sour'd themselves to
eatin,
Ere I could make thee open thy white hand,
And clepethyselfiny love. Shakspeare.
How charming is divine philosophy'
Not harsh and crabbed, as dull fools suppose;
But musical as is Apollo's lute,
And a perpetual feast of nectar'd sweets,
Where no crude surfeit reigns. Milton,
3. Difficult; perplexing. -
Beside, he was a shrewd philosopher,
And had read ev'ry text and gloss over;
Whate'er the crabbed'st author hath,
He understood b' implicit faith. Hudibrar.
Lucretius had chosen a subject naturally crab-,
ros. ryden.
Your crabbed rogues that read Lucretius
Are against gods, you know. Prior.

CRA’BB E D LY. adv. [from crabbed.] Peevishly; morosely ; with perplexity. CRA’B B E D N Ess. n. 4. [from crabbed.] 1. Sourmess of taste. 2. Sourness of countenance; asperity of manners. 3. Difficulty; perplexity. CRA’BER. m. s. The poor fish have enemies enough, beside such unnatural fishermen; as otters, the cormorant, and the craber, which some call the waterrat. Walton's Angler. CRABS-F Y Es. m. s. Whitish bodies, rounded on one side and depressed on the other, heavy, moderately hard, and without smell. They are not the eyes of any creature, nor do they belong to the crab, but are produced by the common crawfish : the stones are bred in two separate bags, one on each side of the stomach. They are alkaline, absorbent, and in some degree diuretick. Hills. Several persons had, in vain, endeavoured to store themselves with crabs-eyes. Boyle.

CRACK. m. s. [kraeck, Dutch..] 1. A sudden disruption, by which the parts are separated but a little way from each other. 2. The chink, fissure, or vacuity, made by disruption; a narrow breach. Contusions, when great, do usually produce a fissure or crack of the skull, either in the same part where the blow was inflicted, or in the contrary part. Wiseman. At length it would crack in many places; and those cracks, as they dilated, would appear of a pretty good, but yet obscure and dark, sky-colour. - Newton's Opticks. . The sound of any body bursting or falling. If I say sooth, I must report they were As cannons overcharg'd with ão. crackr. Shakspeare's Macbeth. Now day appears, and with the day the ki Whose early care had robb'd him of his restt

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Far off the crack, of falling houses ring, And shrieks of subjects pierce his tender breast. Dryden. 4. Any sudden and quick sound. A fourth 2–start, eye' What, will the line, stretch out to th' crack of doom * Shikpeare. Vulcan was employed in hammering out thunderbolts, that every now and then flew up from the anvil with dreadful cracks and flashes. Addis. 5. Change of the voice in puberty. And let us, Paladour, though now our voices Have got the mannish crack, sing him to th’ ground. Slałpeare. 6. Breach of chastity. ! cannot Believe this crack to be in my dread mistress, So sovereignly being honourable. Soak-peare. 7. Craziness of intellect. 8. A man crazed. I have invented projects for raising millions without burthening the subject; but cannot get the parliament to listen to me, who look upon me as a crack and a projector. Addison. 9. A whore, in low language. 1o. A boast. Leasings, backbitings, and vain-glorious cracks, All those against that fort did bend their batteries.

Spenter. 11. A boaster. This is only in low phrase.

T. CRAck. T. a. [Fraecken, Dutch.] 1. To break into chinks ; to divide the parts a little from each other. Look to your pipes, and cover them with fresh and warm i. out of the stable, a good thickness, lest the frost crack them. Mortimer. 2. To break; to split. C, madam, my heart is crack'd, it 's crack'd. Słak-peare. Thou will quarrel with a man for cracking nuts, having no other reason but because thou hast hazel eyes. Shakspeare. so some wild fig-tree take her native tht, , And heave below the gaudy monument, Would cro, the marble titles, and disperse The characters of all the lying verse. Dryden. Or as a lute, which in moist weather rings Her knell alone, by cracking of her strings.

- Donne. Honour is like that glassy bubble That finds philosophers o, trouble; Whose least part rack'd, the whole does fly, And wits are crack'd to find out why. Hudibrar. 3. To do any thing with quickness or Smarting 38. Sir Balaam now, he lives like other folks; He takes his chirping pint, he crack, his jokes. - - - -Pope. 4. To break or destroy anything.

You'll crack a quart together! Ha, will you

not? Shikspeare. Love coots, friendship falls off, brothers divide; in cities, mutinies; in countries, discord; in palaces, treason; and the bond cracked 'twixt son and father. Shakspeare's King Lear. 5. To craze; to weaken the intellect. I was ever of opinion, that the philosopher's stone, and an holy war, were but the rendezvous of cracked brains, that wore their feather in their heads. Bacon's Holy War. He thought none poets till their brains were crac{*. I’oscommon To CR Ack. v. m. 1. To burst ; to open in chinks. By misfortune it tracked in the cooling; where

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CR'Ack F. R. m. r. [from crack.]
1. A noisy boasting fellow.
What cracker is this same, that deaf our to:
With this abundance of superäuous breath?.
S!... speare's Kiss o
2. A quantity of gunpowder conford so
as to burst with great noise.
The bladder, at its breaking, gave
report, almost like a tracter.
And when, for furious haste to run,
They durst not stay to fire a gun,
Have done 't with bonfires, and at home
Made squibs and era-oer, overcome. Hedora.
Then furious he begins his march,
Drives rattling o'er a brazen arch,
With squibs and trackers arm'd, to throw
Among the trembling crowd below. So

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