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Cry’s R. m. s. A kind of hawk, called the falcon gentle, an enemy to pigeons, and very swift. Ainsworth. CRYPTICAL. } ad;. [xo~"w.] Hidden; CRYPTICK. secret; occult; priwate; unknown ; not divulged. The students of nature, conscious of her more cryptico ways of working, resolve many strange effects into the near efficiency of second causes. Glanville's Apol. Speakers whose chief business is to amuse or delight, do not confine themselves to any natural order, but in a cryptical or hidden method adapt every thing to their ends. Watts. CRY'ptic ALLY. adv. [from cryptical.] Occultly; secretly : perhaps, in the following example, the author might have written critically. We take the word acid in a familiar sense, without cryptically distinguishing it from those sapors that are a-kin to it. Boyle. CRYPT o'GRAPHY. m.s. [*** and y:47.] 1. The act of writing secret characters. 2. Secret characters; cyphers. CRYPT o’lody. m. s. [x:y:1a and X3,3°.] Enigmatical language. CRYSTAL. m.s. [x;oraxx3-.] 1. Crystals are hard, pellucid, and naturally colourless bodies, of regularly angular figures, composed of simple, not filamentous plates, not flexile or elastick, giving fire with steel, not fermenting with acid menstrua, and calcining in a strong fire. There are many various species of it produced in differ

ent parts of the globe. Hill on Fossils.

Islandarystalisa genuine spar, of an extremely pure, clear, and fine texture, seldom either blemished with flaws or spots, or stained with any other colour. Aremarkable property ofthis body, which has much employed the writers on opticks, is its double refraction; so that if it be laid over a black line drawn on paper, two lines appear in the place of one. ill. * Water, as it seems, turneth into crystal; as is seen in divers caves, where the crystal hangs in stillicidiis. Bacon. If crystal be a stone, it is not immediately concreted by the efficacy of cold, but rather by a mineral spirit. Brown. Crystal is certainly known and distinguished by the 3: of its diaphaneity and of its refraction, as also of its hardness, which are ever the sanne. Woodward. 1. Crystal is also used for a factitious body cast in the glass-houses, called also crystal glass; which is carried to a degree of perfection beyond the common glass, though it comes far short of the whiteness and vivacity of the natural crystal. Chambers.

3. Crystal, [in chymistry] express salts or other matters shot or congealed in manner of crystal. ' Chambers. If the menstruum be overcharged, within a , short time the metals will shoot into certain ... erystals. - Bacon. CRY's TAL. adj. 1. Consisting of crystal. ..-e Then, Jupiter, thou king of gods, . Thy crystal window ope, look out. Shakspeare. 3. Bright; clear; transparent; lucid j

pellucid.

In groves we live, and lie cn messy beds, By •rystal streams that murmur, through th: meads. Dryie. CRY's TAllis E. adj. [crystallinus, Lit] 1. o crystal. Sich ount, eagle, to my palace crystallise, We o o: with some small to ceivers, blown of crystalline glass. Byk, 2. Bright ; clear; pellucid; transparent The clarifying of water is an experimes: tending to the health; besides the pleasurecite eye, when water is crystalline. It is effected to casting in and placing pebbles at the head of the current, that the water may strain through ther. - Bacon's Natural Hidey He on the wings of cherub rode sublime Qn the crystalline sky, in saphir thron'd Illustrious far and wide. CRY'st ALL IN E Humour. m. s. The kcond humour of the eye; that liesin: mediately next to the aqueous behind the uvea, opposite to the papilla, near to the fore part than the back part of the globe. It is the least of the humour, but much more solid than any of then Its figure, which is convex on both sides, resembles two unequal segment: of spheres; of which the most convex is on its backside, which makes a smal cavity in the glassy humour in which it lies. It is covered with a fine colo called aranea. The j of the eye are made convex; so especially the crystalline Burrour, which is of lenticular figure, convex on both sides. Fo

CRYSTALLIza’Tio N. a. s. [from cryiteIize.] 1. Congelation into crystals.

Such a combination of saline particles of: sembles the form of a crystal, variously modifo according to the nature and texture of the so The method is by dissolving any saline boo water, and filtering it, to evaporate, till ifappear at the tep, and then let it stand to so and this it does by that attractive force which in all bodies, and particularly in salt, by reo of its solidity: whereby, when the mensino or fluid, in which such particles flow, is so enough or evaporated, so that the saline Po ticles are within each other's attractive Foo they draw one another more than they wo drawn by the fluid, then will they run intoo. tals. And this is peculiar to those, thos,” them be ever so much divided and reduced” minute particles, yet when they are formedio crystals, they each of them reassume their Fo per shapes; so that one might as easily o them of their saltness, as of their figure. To o immutable and perpetual law, bo ing the figure of the crystals, we sojo stand what the texture of the particles o be, which can form those crystals; and of other hand, by knowing the texture of tho. ticles, may be determined the figure of " crystals. o

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3. In reproach or contempt, a young boy or girl. Q thou dissembling cub / what wilt thou be When time hath sow'd a grizzle on thy case? : Qr will not else thy craft so quickly grow, That thine own trip shall be thine overthrow Shakspeare. O most comical sight! a country squire, with the eguipage of a wife and two daughters, came to Mr. Snipwel's shop last night; but such two unlicked cubs f Congreve. To Cu B. v. a. [from the noun..] To bring forth : used of beasts, or of a woman in contempt. Cubb'd in a cabbin, on a mattress laid, On a brown #. with lousy swabbers fed; Dead wine, that stinks of the $. sup From a foul jack, or greasy maple cup. Dryden. Cuba’rio N. m. s. Ucubatio, Latin.] The

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Cù"Batu R.E. n.s.. [from cube.] The finding exactly the solid content of any proposed body. Harris. CUBE. m. s. [from zoo, a die.] 1. [In geometry.] A regular solid body, consisting of six square and equal faces or sides, and the angles all right and therefore equal. Chambers. 2. [In arithmetick.] See Cubick Number. All the master planets move about the sun at several distances, as their common centre, and with different velocities; this common law being observed in all of them, that the squares of the times of the revolutions are proportional to the cubes of their distances. Grew.

CUB E Root. !". s. . . The origin of a CU'B Ick Root. cubick number; or a number, by whose multiplication into itself, and again into the product, any given number is formed: thus two is the cube-root of eight. Chambers. Cu’B E.B. m. s. A small dried fruit resembling of. but somewhat longer, of a greyish brown colour on the surface. It has an aromatick smell, and is acrid to the taste. Cubels are bfought from Java.

WOL, I, . . . Hill,

Aromaticks, as cubebt, cinnamon, and nutmegs, are usually put into crude poor wines, to give them more oily spirits. Floyer., 'B IC A. L. - - §. } adj. [from cube.] - 1. Having the form or properties of a cube. A close vessel containing ten cubical feet of air, will not suffer a wax candle of an ounce to burn in it above an hour before it be suffocated. - Wilkins's Mathematical Magic. It is above a hundred to one against any particular throw, that you do not cast any given set of faces with four cubical dice; because there are so many several combinations of the six faces of four dice. Bentley's Sermons. It is applied to numbers. The number of four, multiplied into itsehs, produceth the square number of sixteen; and that again multiplied by four, produceth the cubick number of sixty-four. If we should suppose a multitude actually infinite, there must be infinite roots, and square and cubick numbers; yet, of necessity, the root is but the fourth part of the square, and the sixteenth part of the cubick number. Hale's Origin of Mankind. The number of ten hath been highly extolled, as containing even, odd, long and plain, quadrate and cubical, numbers. Brown. CU’B I call N Ess. n. 4. [from cubical.] The state or quality of being cubical.

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measure in use among the ancients;

which was originally the distance from the elbow, bending inwards, to the extremity of the middle finger. This measure is the fourth part of a wellproportioned man's stature. Some fix the Hebrew cubit at twenty inches and a half, Paris measure; and others at eighteen. Calmet. From the tip of the elbow to the end of the long finger, is half a yard, and a quarter of the stature; and makes a cubit, the first measure we read of, the ark of Noah being framed and measured by cubits. Holder on Time. Measur’d by cubit, length, and breadth, and highth. - Milton, The Jews used two sorts of cubits; the sacred, and the profane or common one. Arbuthnot. When on the goddess first I cast my sight, , Scarce seem'd her stature of a cubit height. Pope. Cu’B 11 A L. adj. [cubitalis, Latin. Containing only the length of a cubit. The watchmen of Tyre might well be called pygmies; the towers of that city being so high, that unté men below they appeared in a cubitat Stature. Brown's Pulg. Errours.

Cu’cki Ng stool. m. s. An engine in

vented for the punishment of scolds and unquiet women, which,in ancient times,

was called tumbrel. Cowell.
These, mounted on a chair-curule,
Which moderns call a cucking-tool,
March proudly to the river's side. Hudibrar

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But for all the whole world; why, who would not make her husband a cuckold, to make him a

monarch 2 I should venture purgatory fer 't.
Shakspeare's Othello.

There have been,
Or I am much deceiv'd, cuckold, ere now ;

And many a man there is, ev'n at this present,
Now while I speak this, holds his wife by th’ arm,
That little thinks she has been sluic'd in 's ab-
sence. Skałpeare.
For though the law makes null th’ adulterer's

deed Of lands to her, the cuckold may succeed. Dryd. Fver since the reign of king Charles 11. the alderman is made a cuckold, the deluded virgin is debauched, and adultery and fornication are committed, behind the scenes. Swift. To CU'ckold. v. a. 1. To corrupt a man's wife ; to bring upon a man the reproach of having an adulterous wife; to rob a man of his wife's fidelity. If thou canst cuckold him, thou dost thyself a pleasure, and me a sport. Shop. Othello. 2. To wrong a husband by unchastity. But suffer not thy wife abroad to roam, Nor strut in streets with Amazonian pace; For that's to cutkeld thee before thy face. Dryd. CU'ck old LY. adj. [from cuckold.] Having the qualities of a cuckold ; poor; mean ; cowardly; sneaking. Poor cuckoldly knave, I know him not: yet I wrong him to call him poor; they say, the jealous knave hath masses of money. baki. CU'cko LDM A KER. m. s. [cuckold and make.] One that makes a practice of corrupting wives. If I spared any that had a head to hit, either oung or old, he or she, cuckold or cuckoldmaker, i. me hope never to see a chine again. Skalop. One Hernando, cuckoldmaker of this city, contrived to steal her away. Dryd. Spanio Friar. CU'cko 1. Do M. m. s. [from cuckold.] -1. The act of adultery. She is thinking on nothing but her colonel, and conspiring cuckoldom against me. Dryden. 2. The state of a cuckold. It is a true saying, that the last man of the parish that knows of his cuckoldom, is himself. drbuthnot's joln Bull.

CU'CKOO. m. s. [curulus, Lat. cwcew,
Welsh ; cocu, French ;-kockock, Dutch..]
I. A bird which appears in the spring, and
is said to suck the eggs of other birds,
and lay her own to be hatched in their
place: from which practice, it was
usual to alarm a husband at the ap-
proach of an adulterer, by calling cuckoo;
which, by mistake, was in time applied
to the husband. This bird is remarka-
ble for the uniformity of his note, from
which his name in most tongues seems
to have been formed.
Finding Mopsa, like a cuckoo by a nightingale,
alone with Pamela, I came in. Sidney.
The merry cuckow, messenger of spring,
His trumpet shrill hath thrice already sounded.
. . - Sponser.
The plainsong cuckoo gray;
Whose note full many a mandoth mark,
And dares not answer, Nay. Shałupcare.
Take heed, have open eye; for thieves do
foot by night:
Take heed, ore summer comes, or cuckoo birds
affright. Skal peare.

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The ass was quickly given to understand, with a good cudgel, the difference betwixt the one playfellow and the other. L'Estrange. His surly officer ne'er fail'd to crack His knotty cudgel on his tougher back. Dryd. This, if well reflected on, would make people more wary in the use of the rod and the cudgel. * Locke. The wise Cornelius was convinced, that these, being polemical arts, could no more be learned alone than fencing or cudget playing. Arbuthnot. 2. To cross the CUD G Els, is to forbear the contest, from the practice of cudgelplayers to lay one over the other. It is much better to give way, than it would be to contend at first, and then either to cross the cudgel, or to be battled in the conclusion. L'Estrange. To CU’D GE L. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To beat with a stick. My lord, he speaks most vilely of you, like a foul-mouthed man as he is; and said he would cudgel you. Shakspeare', Henry IV; #he ass courting his master, just as the spaniel had done, instead of being stroked and made much of, is only rated off and cudgelled for all his courtship. South. Three duels he fought, thrice ventur'd his life; Went home, and was cudgell'd again by his ... Swift. 1. To beat in general. Cudgel thy brains no more about it; for your dull ass will not mend his pace with beating. Shakspeare's Hanlet. A good woman o to pass by, as a company of young fellows were cudgelling a walnut-tree, and asked them what they did that

for. L'Estrange. >u D G El-PRoof. adj. Able to resist a stick.

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Pyramus, you begin: when you have spokeh your speech, enter into that brake; and so every one according to his cue. Shakspeare. 3. A hint; an intimation; a short direction. What's Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba, That he should weep for her? What would he do, Had he the motive and the cue for passion That I have 2 he would drown the stage with tears. Shakspeare. Let him know how many servants there are, of both sexes, who expect wails; and give them their cue to attend in two lines, as he leaves the house. Soviso. 4. The part which any man is to play in his turn. Hold your hands, Both you of my inclining, and the rest: Were it my cue to fight, I should have known it Without a prompter. Shakspeare's Othello. Neither is Otto here a much more taking gentleman: nothing appears in his cue to move pity, or any way make the audience of his }. Rymer's Tragedies of the Last Age. 5. Humour ; temper of mind : a low word. CUE'RPO. n. 4. [Spanish.] To be ‘in cuerpo, is to be without the upper coat, or cloak, so as to discover the true shape of the cuerpo or body. Fxpos'd in cuerpo to their rage, Without my arms and equipage. Hudibrar. CUFF. n. 4. [zuffa, a battle ; zuffare, to fight, Italian. 1. A blow with the fist : a box; a stroke. The priest let fall the book; And as he stoop'd again to take it up, The mad-brain'dbridegroom took himsuch a cuff; That down fell priest and book, and book and priest. Shakup. There was no money bid for argument, unless the poet and the player went to $... the question. speare. He gave her a †. the ear, and she would prick him with her knitting-needle. Arbuthnot. Their own sects, which now lie dormant, would be soon at coffs again with each other about power and preferment. Swift. 2. It is used of birds that fight with their talons. To Cuff. v. m. [from the noun..] To fight ; to scuffle. Clapping farces acted by the court, While the peers cuff to make the rabble sport. Dryden's juvenal.

To CUF F. v. a. I. To strike with the fist. I'll after him again, and beat him. —Do, cuff him soundly; but never draw thy sword. Shakspeare. Were not you, my friend, abused, and cuffed, and kicked 2 Congreve's Old Bachelor. 2. To strike with the tasons. Those lazy owls, who, perch'd near fortune's

top, Sit only oldful with their heavy wings To cuff down new-fledg'd virtues, that would rise To nobler heights, and make the grove harmonious. Otway. The dastard crow, that to the wood made wing, With her loud kaws her craven kind does bring; Who, safe in numbers, off the noble bird. Dryd. They with their quills did all the hurt they cou’d, And cuff"d the tender chickens from their food. w 40ryden. 3 B 2

3. To strike with the wings. This seems improper. ov'ring about the coasts, they make their n-to-n And coff the cliff, with pinions not their own. Dryden's Aonerd. Cuff. m. s. [coffe, French.) Part of the sleeve. He railed at fors; and, instead of the common fashion, he weuld visit his mistress in a morning gown, band, short coff, and a peaked beard. ..frèutbnot. Cui'N AGE. m. s. The making up of twine into such forms, as it is commonly framed into for carriage to other places. Cowell. CUTRASS. m. s. [cuirasse, Fr. from cuir, leather; coraccia, Ital.] A breastplate. The lance pursued the voice without delay; And pierc'd his cuirass, with such fury sent, And sign'd his bosom with a purple tint. Dryd. Cui RA'ss 1 E.R. m. s. [from cuirass.] A man at arms; a soldier in armour. The field, all iron, cast a gleaming brown; Nor wanted clouds of foot, nor, on each horn, Cutrassiers, all in steel, for standing fight. Milton. The picture of St. George, wherein he is described like a cuirassier, or horseman completely armed, is rather a symbolical image than any proper figure. Brown's Pulgar Erreurs. CU is H. m. s. [cuisse, French..] The armour that covers the thighs. I saw young Harry, with his beaver on, His cuishes on his thighs, gallantly arm’d, Rise from the ground i. eather'd Mercury. Shakspeare's Henry Iv. The croslet some, and some the cuisher mould, With silver plated, and with ductile gold. Dryden's Aeneid. But what had our author to wound AEneas *ith at so critical a time 2 And how came the curther to be worse tempered than the rest of his armour? Dryden. Cu’ll de Es. n.s.. [colidei, Lat.] Monks in Scotland. CU'LE R A Ge. n. 4. The same plant with arje-jmart. Ainsworth. CU’s. IN ARY. adj. [culina, Latin.] Relating to the kitchen ; relating to the art of cookery. Great weight may condense those vapours and exhalations, as soon as they shall at any time begin to ascend from the sun, and make them presently fall back again into him, and by that action increase his heat; much after the manner that, in our earth, the air increases the heat of a culinary fire. Newton. To 3. who, by reason of their northern exposition, will be still forced to beat the expence of culinary fires, it will reduce the price of their manufacture. Arbuthnot.

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I do remember an apothecary In tatter'd weeds, with overwhelmingbrows, Calling of simples. Shair. Resoro and jila, Then in a moment fortune shall call forth, Out of one side, her happy minion. Shah The choicest of the British, the Roman, and Norman baws, being called, as it were, to grand charter was extracted. Hord When false flow’rs of rhetorick thou wood call, Trust nature, do not labour to be dull. Dr. From his herd he calls, For slaughter, four the fairest of his bulls. - Dryden's Pio When the current pieces of the same demo. nation are of different weights, then the tria in money full out the heavier, and melt ther down with profit. - lat With humble duty, and officious haze, I'll cull the farthest mead for thy repast. ** The various of 'rings of the world appear: From each she nicely calls with curious to And decks the goddess with the glitt'ring o

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