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2. Inconsistent; contrary to reason: used

of sentiments or practices.
The thing itself appeared desirable to him,
and accordingly he could not but like and desire
it; but then, it was after a very irrational absurd
way, and contrary to all the methods and prin-
ciples of a rational agent; which never wills a
thing really and properly, but it applies to the

means by which it is to be acquired. *South. But grant that those can conquer, these can cheat,

Tis phrase absurd to call a villain great: Who wickedly is wise, or madly brave, . . Is but the more a fool, the more a knave. Pope. ABSU'RD IT Y. m. s. [from absurd.] 1. The quality of being absurd ; want of judgment, applied to men ; want of propriety, applied to things. How clear soever this idea of the infinity of number be, there is nothing more evident than the absurdity of the actual idea of an infinite number. Locke.

2. That which is absurd ; as, his travels

were full of absurdities. In which sense

it has a plural. That satisfaction we receive from the opinion of some pre-eminence in ourselves, when we see the abourdities of another, or when we reflect on any past absurdities of our own. Addison. Absu'RDLY.adv.[from absurd. Afteran absurd manner; improperly; unreasonably. But man we find the only creature, Who, led by folly, combats nature; Who, when she loudly cries, Forbear, With obstimacy fixes there; And where his genius least inclines, Abourdly bends his whole designs. Swift's Misce!. We may proceed yet further with the atheist, and convince him, that not only his principle is absurd, but his consequences also as absurdly deduced from it. Bentley's Sermor. Absu'RDN Ess. n. . [from absurd.] The quality of being absurd ; injudiciousness; impropriety. See Absu RD ITY, which is more frequently used. ABU’N DAN cf. m. s. sabondance, Fr.] 1. Plenty: a sense chiefly poetical. At the whisper of thy word, Crown'd abundance spreads my board. Crashaw. The doubled charge his subjects' love supplies, Who, in that bounty, to themselves are kind; So glad Egyptians see their Nilus rise, And, in his plenty, their abundance find. Dryd. 2. Great numbers. The river Inn is shut up between mountains, covered with woods of fir-trees. Abundance of peasants are employed in hewing down the largest of these trees, that, after they are barked and cut into shape, are tumbled down. Addison. 3. A great quantity. . . . . Their chief enterprize was the recovery of the Holy Land; in which worthy, but extremely difficult, action, it is lamentable to remember what abundance of noble blood hath been shed, ... with very small benefit unto the christian state. - Ruleigh's Essays. 4. Exuberance; more than enough. For well I wot, most mighty sovereign, That all this famous antique history, . Of some, th’ abundance of an idle brain

Will Judged be, and painted forgery. Spenstr.

ABU'N D.A.N.T. adj. [abundanj, Lat.] I. Plentiful. - Good, the more Communicated, more abundant grows; The author not impair'd, but honour'd more. Paradise Lost. 2. Exuberant. If the vessels are in a state of too great rigidity, so as not to yield, a strong projectile motion occasions their rupture, and o: especially in the lungs, where the blood is abundant. Arbuthnot on Aliments. 3. Fully stored. It is followed sometimes by in, commonly by suith. . The world began but some ages before these - were found out, and was abundant with all things ... at-first; and men not very numerous; and therefore were not put so much to the use of their " wits, to find out ways for living commodiously. - Burnet. 4. It is applied generally to things, sometimes to persons. The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering and abundant in goodness and truth. Exodus. ABU’s DANT I.Y. adv. [from abundant.j 1. In plenty. Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life. Genesis. God on thee Abundantly his gifts hath also pour'd; Inward and outward both, his image fair. Paradise Lost. 2. Amply ; liberally; more than sufficiently. Ye saw the French tongue abundantly purified. Sprat. Heroic poetry has ever been esteemed the eatest work of human nature. In that rank as Aristotle placed it; and Longinus is so full of the like expressions, that he abundantly confirms the other's testimony. 19nyden. What the example of our equals wants of authority, is abundantly supplied in the imaginations of friendship, and the repeated influences of a constant conversation, Rogers' Sermons. To ABUSE. v. a. sabutor, abusuf, Lat.) In abuse, the verb, has the sound of 2: ; in the noun, the common sound. 1. To make an ill use of. They that use this world, as not abusing it; for the fashion of this world passeth away. 1 Cor. He has fixed and determined the time for our repentance, beyond which he will no longer await the perverseness of men, no longer suffer his compassion to be abused. Rogers' Sermons. 2. To violate ; to defile. Arachne figured how Jove did abuse , Europa like a bull, and on his back Her through the sea did bear. Spenser. 3. To deceive ; to impose upon. ~ * - He perhaps, - . Out of my weakness and my melancholy, As he is very potent with such spirits, Alouses me to damn me. Sooferr-. The world hath been much abused by the opinion of making gold; the work itself I judge to be possible; but the means hitherto propounded are, in the practice, full of error. Bacon's Naturaz fristory.

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pass for good, and good for evil, in all the great concerns of life. Soutb's Sermoil. Nor be with all these tempting words abus’d; These tempting words were all to Sappho us'd. Pope. 4. To treat with rudeness; to reproach. I am no strumpet, but of life as honest As you that thus abuse me. Shakspeare. But he mocked them, and laughed at them, and abused them shamefully, and spake proudly. 1 Mac. Some praise at morning what they blame at

night, But always think the last opinion right. A muse by these is like a mistress us'd; This hour she's idoliz'd, the next abus’d. Pope's Essay on Criticism. The next criticism seems to be introduced for no other reason, but to mention Mr. Bickerstaff, whom the author every where endeavours to imitate and abuse. - Addison. Aerose. n.s.. [from the verb abuse.] 1. The ill use of any thing. o The casting away things profitable for the sustenance of man's life, is an unthankful abuse of the fruits of God's good providence towards mankind. - - Hocker. Little knows Amy, but God alone, to value right The good before him, but perverts best things To worst abuse, or to their meanest use. Paradire Lort. 3. A corrupt practice; a bad custom. The nature of things is such, that, if aluses be not remedied, they will certainly increase. Szwift for Advancement of Religion. 3. Seducement. Was it not enough for him to have deceived me, and through the deceit abused me, and after the abuse forsaken me, but that he must now, of all the company, and before all the company, lay want of beauty to my charge 2 Sidney. 4. Unjust censure; rude reproach; contumely. I dark in light, expos'd To daily fraud, contempt, abuse, and wrong. Milton's Samson Agonistes. Abu's ER. n.s. (from the verb abuse.] 1. He that makes an ill use. 2. He that deceives. Next thou, the abuser of thy prince's ear. enham's Sophy. 3. He that reproaches with rudeness. 4. A ravisher; a violater. Abu'sive. adj. [from abuse.] 1. Practising abuse. The tongue mov’d gently first, and speech was low, Till wrangling science taught it noise and show, And wicked wit arose, thy most abusive foe. Pope's Missel. Dame Nature, as the learned show, Provides each animal its foe; Hounds humt the harc, the wily fox Devours your geese, the wolf your flocks. Thus envy pleads a natural claim To persecute the muse's fame; 9n poets in all times abutive, Frvin Homer down to Pope inclusive. Swift,

2. Containing abuse; as, an abusive lam"N", comes } ext, Comedy appear'd with great applause, Till her |. Too tongue pplause, Waken'd the magistrate's coercive power. - Æoscomman. 3. Deceitful: a sense little used, yet not improper. It is verified by a Number of examples, that whatsoever is gained by an abusive treaty, ought to be restored in integrum. BaconABU’s 1 v ELY. adv. [from abuse: 1. Improperly; by a wrong use. . . The oil, abusively called spirit of roses, swims at the top of the water, in the form of a white butter; which I remember not to have observed in any other oil drawn in any limbeck. - - Boyle's Scoptical Chymist. 2. Reproachfully. ABU’s 1 v EN Ess. n. . [from abuse.] The quality of being abusive ; foulness of language. Pick out of mirth, like stones out of thy ground, Profaneness, filthiness, abusiveness. These are the scum with which coarse wits abound: The fine may spare these well, yet not go less. Herbert. To ABUT. v. n. obsolete. [aboutir, to touch at the end, Fr.] To end at ; to border upon ; to meet, or approach to, with the particle upon. Two mighty monarchies, Whose high upreared and abutting fronts The narrow perilous ocean parts asunder. Shahr. The looes are two several corporations, distinguished by the addition of east and west, abusting upon a navigable creek, and joined by a fair bridge of many arches. Carew. A BU’T MENT. n. 3. [from abut. That which abuts, or borders upon another. ABU’TT A L. m. s. [from abut..] The butting or boundaries of any land. A writing declaring on what lands, highways, or other places, it does abut. Dict. ABY’s M. n.s.. [abysme, old Fr. now written contractedly abime.] A gulf; the same with abyss. My good stars, that were my former guides, Have empty left their orbs, and shot their fires Into the alysm of hell. Shakop. Ant. and CloABY'ss. n. 4. [abyssus, Latin; &Svz. 3", bottomless.] 1. A depth without bottom. Who shall tempt with wand'ring feet The dark, unbottom'd, infinite abyss, And, through the Kalpa; obscure, find out This uncouth way? Milton's Paradio Lost; Thy throne is darkness in th' alyss of light, A blaze of glory that forbids the sight; O teach me to believe thee thus conceal’d, And search no further than thyself reveal’d'

ry Jove was not more pleas'd With infant nature, when his spacious hand Had rounded this huge ball of earth and seas To give it the first push, and see it r Along the vast abyss. Addison's Guardio2. A great depth; a gulph; byperbolically

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3. In a figurative sense, that in which any

thing is lost. For sepulchres themselves must crumbling fall In time's abyss, the common grave of all. I), yo. If, discovering how far we have clear and distinct ideas, we confine our thoughts within the contemplation of those things that are within the reach of our understandings, and launch not out into that abyss of darkness, out of a presumption that nothing is beyond our comprehension. t - 1.ocke. 4. The body of waters supposed at the - centre of the earth. We are here to consider what is generally understood by the great abyss, in the common explication of the deluge; and 'tis commonly interpreted either to be the sea, or subterraneous waters hid in the bowels of the earth. Burnet. 5. In the language of divines, hell. From that insatiable alyst, Where flames devour, and serpents hiss, Promote me to thy seat of bliss. Roscommon. Ac, AR, or A KE, being initials in the names of places, as Acton, signify an oak, from the Saxon ac, an oak. ACACIA. a. s. [Lat.] 1. A drug brought from Egypt, which, being supposed the inspissated juice of a tree, is imitated by the juice of sloes, boiled to the same consistence. Dictionnaire de Comm. Savary. Trevoux. 2. A tree commonly so called here, though different from that which produces the true acacia ; and therefore termed pseudocacia, or Wirginian acacia. Miller. AcAD E/M.I.A.L. adj. [from academy..] Relating to an academy ; belonging to an academy. Acade'Mi AN. m. . [from academy. A scholar of an academy or university; a member of an university. Hood, in his Athena Oxonienses, mentions a great feast made for the academians. Acad E’M ic A. L. adj. [academicus, Lat.]. Belonging to an university. He drew him first into the fatal circle, from a kind of resolved privateness; where, after the academical life, he had taken such a taste of the rural, as I have heard him say, that he could well have bent his mind to a retired course. - Wottom. AcAD EMI/cI A N. m. s. [academicien, Fr.] The member of an academy. It is generally used in speaking of the professors in the academies of France. AcA de'Mic K. m. s. [from academy..] A student of an wo: A young academic shall dwell upon a journal that treats of trade and be lavish in the praise of the author; while persons skilled in those subjects hear the tattle with contempt. Watts. AcA DE'Mick. adj. [academicus, Lat.] Relating to an university. While through poetic scenes the genius roves, - Or wanders wild in academic groves. Pope. A'cADEMIST. n. 4, Lírom academy.] The

member of an academy. This is not often used. It is observed by the Parisian academits, that some amphibious quadrupeds, particularly the sea-calf or seal, hath his epiglottis extraordinarily large. Ray on the Greation. ACADEMY. m. s. sanciently, and properly, with the accent on the first sylla. ble, now frequently on the second. Azadoua, Lat. from Academus of Athens, whose house was turned into a school, from whom the Groves of Academe in Milton.] I. An assembly or society of men, uniting for the promotion of some art. Qur court shall be a little academy, Still and contemplative in living arts. Shop. 2. The place where sciences are taught. Amongst the academier, which were composed by the rare genius of those great men, these four are reckoned as the principal: namely, the Athenian school, that of Sicyon, that of Rhodes, and that of Corinth. Dryden's Dufresnoy. 3. An university. 4. A place of education, in contradistinction to the universities or public schools. The thing, and therefore the name, is modern. ACA'N THUS. m. s. [Lat.] The name of the herb bears-breech, remarkable for being the model of the foliage on the Corinthian chapiter. On either side Acanthus, and each od’rous bushy shrub, Fenc'd up the verdant wail. A-silic". AcAt Al Ecotic. m. s. [&zzrox+...×3.} A verse which has the complete number of syllables, without defect or superfluity. To ACCEDE. v. m. [accedo, Lat.] To be added to ; to come to : generally used in political accounts; as, another power has acceded to the treaty ; that is, has become a party. To ACCE'LERATE. v. a. s.accelero, Lat.] 1. To make quick ; to hasten : to quicken motion; to give a continual impulse to motion, so as perpetually to increase. Take new beer, and put in some quantity of stale beer into it; and see whether it will not accelerate the clarification, by opening the body of the beer, whereby the grosser parts may fall down into lecs. Bacon's Narz. HistBy a skilful application of those notices, may be gained the accelerating and bettering of fruits, and the emptying of mines, at much more easy rates than by the common methods. GA.; revil?-If the rays endeavour to recede from the densest part of the vibration, they may be alternately accelerated and retarded by the vibrations overtaking them. Newton’s Offices. Spices quicken the pulse, and accesseroze the motion of the blood, and dissipate the fictids; from whence leanness, pains in the stornach, ioatbings, and fevers, Arèutlinot an Zi orwears. Lo! from the dread immensity of space Returning, with accelerated course, The rushing comet to the sun descends 2Too-sor.

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a. It is generally applied to matter, and used chiefly in philosophical language; but it is sometimes used on other occasions. In which council the king himself, whose continual vigilancy did suck in sometimes causeless suspicions, which few else knew, inclined to the accelerating a battle. Bacon's Henry v1.1. Perhaps it may point out to a student, now and then, what may employ the most useful labours of his thoughts, and accelerate his diligence in the most momentous enquiries. Watts. Acco. Lt. Ra'rio N. m. s. Lacceleratio, Lat.] 1. The act of quickening motion. The law of the acceleration of falling bodies, discovered first by Galileo, is, that the velocities acquired by falling, being as the time in which the body i. the spaces through which it passes will be as the squares of the velocities, and the velocity and time taken together, as in a quadruplicate ratio of the spaces. 2. The state of the body accelerated, or quickened in its motion. The degrees of acceleration of motion, the gravitation of the air, the existence or non-existence of empty spaces, either coacervate or interspersed, and many the like, have taken up the thoughts and times of men in disputes concerning them. Hale's Origin of Mankind. 3. The act of hastening. Considering the languor ensuing that action in some, and the visible acceleration it maketh of age in most, we cannot but think venery much abridgeth our days. Bregon. To ACCEND. v. a. [accendo, Lat.) To kindle; to set on fire: a word very rarely used. Our devotion, if sufficiently accended, would, as theirs, burn up innumerable books of this sort. Decay of Piety. Acce’ssion. m. s. [arrensio, Lat..] The act of kindling, or the state of being kindled. The filminating dump will take fire at a candle, or other flame, and upon its accension, gives a crack or report, like the discharge of a tun, and makes an explosion so forcible as sometimes to kill the miners, shake the earth, and force bodies, of great weight and bulk, from the bottom of the pit ormine. Woodward", Nut. Hist. ACCENT. m. s. [accentus, Lat.] 1. The manner of speaking or pronouncing, with regard either to force or elegance. I know, sir, I am no flatterer; he that begoiled you in a plain accent was a plain knave; which, for my part, I will not be. Shaksp. 2. The sound given to the syllable pronounced. Your eccent is something finer than yo could purchase in so removed a dweiling. Shaksp. 3. In grammar, the marks made upon syllables, to regulate their pronunciation. Accent, as in the Greek names and usage, zoems to have legarded the tune of the voice; the acute occoat rayong the voice in some certain syllables to a bigher, i. e. more acute pitch or tone, and the grave depressing it lower; and both having some emphasis, i.e. more vigorous pronunciation. Holder. 4. Poetically, language or words.

How many ages hence Shall this our lofty scene be acted o'er, In states unborn, and accents yet unknown! Slax-peare. wo on your wings to heav'n her accents ear; Such words as heav'n alone is fit to hear. Dryd. 5. A modification of the voice, expressive of the passions or sentiments, The tender accent of a woman's cry Will pass unheard, will unregarded die; When the rough seaman's louder shouts prevail, When fair occasion shews the springing gale. - A rior. To A'ccENT. v. a. [from accentus, Lat. formerly elevated at the second syllable, now at the first.] 1. To pronounce ; to speak words with particular regard to the grammatical marks or rules. Having got somebody to mark the last syllable but one, where it is long, in words above two syllables (which is"enough to regulate her pronunciation, and accenting the words) let her read daily in the gospels, and avoid understanding them in Latin if she can. Locke2. In poetry, to pronounce or utter in general. O my unhappy lines' you that before Have serv'd my youth to vent some wanton cries, And, now congeal’d with grief, can scarce implore Strength to accent, Here my Albertus lies. PP'otion. 3. To write or note the accents. To AccE'N TU At E. v. a. [accentrer, Fr.] To place the proper accents over the vowels. Acco. NTUA’t 1o N. m. s. [from accentuate.] 1. The act of placing the accent in pronunciation. 2. Marking the accent in writing. To ACCEPT. v. a. [accipio, Lat. accepter, Fr.] 1. To take with pleasure; to receive kindly; to admit with approbation. It is distinguished from receive, as specific from general; noting a particular manner of receiving. Neither do ye kindle fire on my altar for nought; I have no pleasure in you, saith the Lord of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand. Malaibo. ë. is no respecter of persons: but, in every nation, he that feareth him, and workethrighteousness, is accepted with him. Actr. You have been graciously pleased to accopt this tender of my duty. Drydov. Charm by a. opting, by submitting sway, Yet have your humour most when you obey. Pope. . It is used in a kind of juridical sense; as, to accept terms, accept a treaty. They slaughter'd many of the gentry, for whom no sex or age could be accepted for ‘. Sidne His promise Palamon o but pray'd To keep it better than the first he inade. Dryd. Those who have defended the proceedings of cur negociators at the treaty of Gertruydenburgh, dwell upon their zealand patience in endeavouring to work the French up to their demands, but say nothing of the probability that France would ever accept them. Swift. 3. In the language of the Bible, to accept persons, is to act with personal and partial regard. He will surely reprove you, if ye do secret! accept persons. §. 4. It is sometimes used with the particle or. I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me. Genesis: Accept Abi'll ty. m. s. The quality of being acceptable. See AccEPTA Bi F. He hath given us his natural blood to be shed, for the remission of our sińs, and for the obtaining the grace and acceptability of reportance. Tagor's #Portly Como wrocant. Acce/PTA's, LF. adj. [acceptable, or front the Latin.] It is pronounced by some with the accent on the first syllable, as by Milton; by others, with the accent on the second, which is more analogical. . 1. That is likely to be accepted ; grateful; pleasing. It is used with the particle to before the person accepting.

too, whom thou mad'st to be my elp, And gav'st me as thy perfect gift, so good, So fit, so acceptable, 39 divine, That from her hand I could expect no ill. Paraose fort. I do not see any other method left for men of that function to take, in order to reform the world, thm by using all honest arts to make themselves acceptable to the laity. Szoff. After he had made a peace so acceptille to the church, and so honourable to himself, he died with an extraordinary reputation of sanctity. - Addison on Italy. Acco'PTABLE N Ess. n. s. [from acceptable.] The quality of being acceptable. It will thereby take away the acceptabseness of that conjunction. Grew's Cosmologia Sacra. AccE/PTABLY. adv. [from acceptable.] In an acceptable manner; so as to please: with the particle to. Do not omit thy prayers, for want of a good oratory; for he that prayeth, upon God's account, cares not what he suffers, so he be the friend of Christ; nor where nor when he prays, so he may do it frequently, fervently, and acceptably. Taylor. If you can teach them to love and respect other people, they will, as their age requires it, find ways to express it acceptably to every one. ocke on Education.

2. The meaning of a word, as it is re. ceived or understood: acceptation is the word now commonly used. . That pleasure is man's chiefest good, because indeed it is the perception of good that is properly o is an assertion most certainly true, though, under the common acceptance of it, not only false, but odious: for, according to this, pleasure and sensuality pass for terms equivalent; and therefore he, who takes it in this sense, alters the subject of the discourse. South, AccE/PTAN CE. [In law.] The receiving of a rent, whereby the giver binds himself, for ever, to allow a former act done by another, whether it be in itself good or not. Cowell. Accept A't los. m. s. [from accept.] 1. Reception, whether good or bad. This large sense seems now wholly out of use. et, poor soul! knows he no other, but that I do suoect, neglect, yea, and detest him 2 For, every day, he finds one way or other to set forth himself unto me; but all are rewarded with like coldness of acceptation. Sidney. ... What is new finds better acrotation than what is good or great. Denham's Sophy.

2. Good reception ; acceptance.

Cain, envious of the acceptation of his brother's prayer and sacrifice, slew him; making himself the first manslayer, and his brother the first martyr. Raleigh's History of the World.

3. The state of being acceptable ; regard.

Some things, although not so required of necessity, that, to leave them undone, excludeth from salvation, are, notwithstanding, of so great dignity, and acceptation with God, that most ample reward in heaven is laid up for them.

w Hooker. They have those enjoyments only as the consequences of the state of esteem and acceptation

they are in with their parents and governors. - - Locke on Education.

4. Acceptance, in the juridical sense.

This sense occurs rarely. As, in order to the passing away a thing by ift, there is required a surrender of all right ou is part that gives; so there is required also an acceptation on his part to whom it is given. South's Sermons.

5. The meaning of a word, as it is com

monly received. Thereupon the earl of Lauderdale made a discourse upon the several questions, and what accoptation these words and expressions had. Clarenden. All matter is either fluid or solid, in a large acceptation of the words, that they may comprehend even all the middle degrees between extreme fixedness and coherency, and the most ra

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Acce/PTAN ce. n. 4. [acceptance, Fr.] 1. Reception-with approbation. By that acceptance of his sovereignty, they also accepted of his laws; why then should any other laws now be used amongst them? Spenser.

pid intestine motion of the particles of bodies. Bentley's Serranz. Acce’PTE R. n. . [from accept.] The person that accepts. AccEPTILA’t 1o N. n.s.. [acceptilatio, Lat.]

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A term of the civil law, importing the remission of a debt by an acquittance from the creditor, testifying the receipt of money which has never been paid.

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