Imágenes de páginas
PDF

x- An unit; a single point on cards or dice. When lots are shuffled together in a lap, urn, or pitcher; or if a man blindfold casts a die, what reason in the world can he have to presume, that he shall draw a white stone rather than a black, or throw an ace rather than a sise? South. 1. A small quantity ; a particle; an atom. He will not bate an ace of absolute certainty; but however doubtful or improbable the thing is, coming from him, it must go for an indisputable truth. Government of the Tongue: I'll not wag an are further: the whole world shall not bribe me to it. Dryden's Spanish Friar. Ace'ph Alous. adj. [äzirao..] Without a head. Dict. Ace'k B. adj. [acerbus, Lat.] Acid, with an addition of roughness, as most fruits are before they are ripe. $oincy. Ace's bit v. m. . [acerbitas, Lat.] 1. A rough sour taste. 1. Sharpness of temper; severity: applied to men. True it is, that the talents for criticism, name

ly, smartness, quick censure, vivacity of remark,

indeed all but acerbity, seem rather the gifts of youth than of old age. Pope. To ACE’RVATE. v. a. [acervo, Lat.] to heap up. Dict. AcER v A^T 1 on. m. s. [from acervate.] The act of heaping together. Ace'rvos E. adj. Full of heaps, Dict. Ace'sces T. adj. [acescens, Lat.] That has a tondency to sourness or acidity. The same persons, perhaps, had enjoyed their health as well with a mixture of animal diet, qualified with a sufficient quantity of are:cents : is, bread, vinegar, and fermented liquors. Arbuthnot on Alimentr, Acero's E. adj. That has in it anything sour. Dict. Ace : o's 1TY... n. 4. [from acetose.] The state of being acetose, or of containing sourness. Dict. Ace', ous. adj. [from acetum, vinegar, Lat.] Having the quality of vinegar; sour. Raisins, which consist chiefly of the juice of popes, inspissated in the skins or husks by the zyglotion of the superfluous moisture through their pores, being distilled in a retort, did not aford.ny vinous, but rather an acetous spirit.

Ache. n.s. [ace, Sax. oxo~ ; now generally written ake, and in the plural akes, of one syllable; the primitive manner being preserved chiefly in poetry, for the sake of the measure.] A continued pain. See Ake. I'll rack thee with old cramps; Fill all thy bones with acher, make thee roar, That beasts shall tremble at thy din. Shakop. A coming show r your shooting corns presage, Old asbes throb, your hollow tooth will *g. f owift. To Ache. v. n. [See Ache] To be in Pain,

Boyle.

Upon this account, our senses are dulled md spent by an extraordinary intention, and our very eyes will ache, if long fixed upon any difficulty discerned object. Glanville. To ACHI'EVE. v. a. [achever, Fr. to complete.] 1. To perform; to finish a design prosperously. Our toils, my friends, are crown'd with sure success : The greater part perform'd, achieve the less. - ryden2. To gain ; to obtain. Experience is by industry achiev'd, And perfected by the swift course of time. Shah. Tranio, I burn, I pine, I perish, Tranio, If I achieve not this young modest girl. Slak. Thou hast achiev'd our liberty, confin'd Within hell gates till now. Milton. Show all the spoils by valiant kings achiev'd, . And groaning nations by their arms reliev'd. Arior. AcH1’Ev EMENT. n. 4. [achevement, Fr.] 1. The performance of an action. From every coast that heaven walks about, Have thither come the noble martial crew, That famous hard achievements still pursue. 'airy Queen. 2. The escutcheon, or ensigns armorini, granted to any man for the performance of great actions. Then shall the war, and stern debate, and strife Immortal, be the bus ness of my life; And in thy fame, the dusty spoils among, High on the burnish'd roof my banner shall be

hung, Rank'd with my champions bucklers; and below, With arms revers'd, th’ achievements of the foe. Dryden. Achievement, in the first sense, is derived from achieve, as it signifies to perform ; in the second, from achieve, as it imports to gain. AcH1’E v E.R. m. s. He that performs; he that obtains what he endeavours after. A victory is twice itself, when the achiever brings home full numbers. Shakspeare. A'chi N G. m. s. [from ache.] Pain; uneasiness. When old age comes to wait upon a great and worshipfulsiunner, it comes attended with many painful girds and achings, called the gout. South. 4'CHOR. m. s. [arbor, Lat. &xwo, Gr. furfor.] A species of the herpes; it appears with a crusty scab, which causes an itching on the surface of the head, occasioned by a salt sharp serum oozing through the skin. Quincy. A/CID. adj. [acidus, Lat. acide, Fr.] Sour; sharp. Wild trees last longer than garden trees; and, in the same kind, those whose fruit is acid, more than those whose fruit is sweet. Bacon's Nat. Hirt. Acid, or sour, proceeds from a salt of the same nature, without mixture of oil: in austere tastes, the oily parts have not disentangled themselves from the salts and earthy parts; such is the taste of unripe fruits. Arbuthnot on Alizrents. liquors and substances are called acids, which,

being composed of pointed particles, affect the taste in a sharp and piercing manner. The common way of trying, whether * particular liquor hath in it any particles of this kind, is by mixing it with syrup of violets, when it will turn of a red colour; but if it contains alkaline or lixivial particles, it changes that syrup green. wofo, AcI’d IT Y. n. . [from acid.] The quality of being acid; an acid taste; sharpness; Sourness. Fishes, by the help of a disclvent liquor, corrode and reduce their meat, skin, bones, and all, into a chylus or tremor; and yet this liquor manifests nothing of acidity to the taste. Ray. When the taste of the mouth is bitter, it is a sign of a redundance of a bilious alkali, and demands a quite different diet from the case of acidity or sourness. Arbuthnot on Aliments. A'cIDN Ess. m. s. [from acid.] The quality of being acid ; acidity. See AcI DITY. ACI’DUL.A. m. s. [that is, aquac acidule.] Medicinal springs impregnated with sharp particles, as all the nitrous, chalybeate, and alum springs are. , Quincy. The acidule, or medical springs, emit a greater * of their minerals than usual; and even e cruimary sm rings, which were before clear, fresh, and simpid, ecome thick and turbid, and are impregnated with sulphur and other minerals, as long as the earthquake lasts. Woodward. To Aci’d U LATE. v. a. [aciduler, Fr.] To impregnate ortinge with acids in a slight degree. A diet of fresh unsalted things, watery liquors acidulated, farinaceous emollient substances, sour milk, butter, and acid fruits. Arbuthnot. To ACKNOWLEDGE. v. a. [a word formed, as it seems, between the Latin and English, from agnosco, and knowledge, which is deduced from the Saxon cnapan, to Know..] J. To own the knowledge of; to own any thing or person in a particular character. My people do already know my mind, And will icknowledge you and Jessica In place of lord Bassanio and myself. Shakspeare. one that acknowledge God, or providence, Their souls etermity did ever doubt. Davies. 2. To confess, as a fault. For I acknowledge my transgressions; and my sin is ever before me. Psalms. 3. To own, as a benefit : sometimes with the particle to before the person conferring the benefit. . . His spirit Taught them; but they his gifts acknowledg'd not. ilton. In the first place, therefore, I thankfully acAnotv/edge to th. Almighty Power the assistance he has 3. me in the beginning and the prosecution of my present studies. Dryden. Ack Now LED G1N G, adj. [from acknowledge.] Grateful; ready to acknowledge benefits received. A gallicism, reconnoissant.

He has shewn his hero acknowledging and ungrateful, compassionate and hard-hearted; but, at the bottom, fickle and self-interested. Dryden's Virgil. Ack Noow LED GMENT. n. 4. [from acKnowledge.] 1. Concession of any character in another; as, existence, superiority. The due contemplation of the human nature doth, by a necessary connexion and chain of causes, carry us up to the unavoidable acknowledgment of the Deity; because it carries every thinking man to an original of every successive individual. ale's Origin of Maniini. 2. Concession of the truth of any position. Immediately upon the acknowledgment of the christian #, the eunuch was baptized by Philip. Hookr. 3. Confession of a fault. 4. Confession of a benefit received; gratitude. 5. Act of attestation to any concession; such as homage. There be many wide countries in Ireland, in which the laws of England were never established, nor any acknowledgment of sobjection hade. Spenser's State of Ireland. 6. Something given or done in confession of a benefit received. The second is an acknowledgment to his majesty for the leave of fishing upon his coasts; and though this may not be grounded upon any treaty, yet, if it appear to be an ancient to on our side, and custom on theirs,not determined or extinguished by any treaty between us, it may with justice be insisted on. Temple's Milto: ACME. m. s. [...", Gr.] The height of any thing ; more especially used to denote the height of a distemper, which is divided into four periods. 1. The arche, the beginning or first attack. 2. Anabasis, the growth. 3. Acme, the height. And 4. Paracne, which is the declension of the distemper. Qoinor;

[ocr errors]

the lowest order in the Romish church, whose office is to prepare the elements for the offices, folight the church, &e. It is a duty, according to the papal law, when the bishop sings mass, to order áll the inferior clergy to appear in their proper habits; and to see that all the offices of the church be rightly performed; to ordain the acolothirt, to keep the sacred vessels. Ayliffo's Pareroon. A/co LYT e. m. s. The same with Aco LoTHIST. A/con it e. n.s.. [aconitum, Lat.] Properly the herb wolfsbane ; but commonly used in poetical language for poison in general. Our land is from the rage of tygers freed, Nor nourishes the lion's angry seed; Nor pois'nous aconite is here produc'd, Or grows unknown, or is, when known, re"fue'd. Bryoz. Despair, that aconite does prove A. death to o: That poison never yet withstood, Does neurish mine, and turns to blood. Granv. A cors. n.s. [acconn, Sax. from ac, an oak, and conn, corn or grain; that is, the grain or fruit of the oak.] The seed or fruit born by the oak. Enours, such as are but acorns in our younger brows, grow oaks in our older heads, and become inflexible. Brown. Content with food which nature freely bred, wildings and on strawberries they fed; Cornels and bramble-berries gave the rest, And falling acorns furnish'd out a feast. Dryd. He that is nourished by the acorn; he picked up under an oak, or the apples he gathered from the trees in the wood, has certainly appropriated them to himself. Locke. Acor NED. adj. [from acorn.] Stored with acorns. Like a full acorn'd boar. Shakop. Acousticks. n.s. Lawro, of dow, to hear.] 1. The doctrine or theory of sounds. 1. Medicines to help the hearing. Quincy. T, ACQUA'INT. v. a. [accointer, Fr.] 1. To make familiar with: applied either to persons or things. It has with before the object. We that acquaint ourselves with ev'ry zone, And pass the tropicks, and behold each Pole, When we come home, are to ourselves un

known, And unacquainted still with our own soul. Davies. There with thee, new welcome saint, Like fortunes may her soul acquaint. ... Milton. Before a man can speak on any subject, it is necessary to be acquainted with it. Locke on Ed. Aquaint ::::::: with things ancient and ern, natural, civil, and religious, domestic and rational; things of your own and foreign countries: and, above all, be well acquainted with God and yourselves; learn animal nature, and the workings of your own spirits. Watts. 4. To inform. With is more in use before the object than of ut for some other reasons, my grave sir, Which is not tit you know, I not acquaint * father of this business. Shakspeare. friend in the country acquaints me, that two or three men of the town are got among them, and have brought words and phrases, which were never before in those parts. Tatler. Acqua'ist Asce. n.s. [acrointance, Fr.] 1. The state of being acquainted with ; familiarity; knowledge. It is applied as well to persons as things, with the particle with. Nor was his acquaintance less with the famous 2ets of his age, than with the noblemen and dies. Dryden. Our admiration of a famous man lessensu our nearer acquaintance with him; and we seldom hear of a o: person, without a catalogue of some notorious weaknesses and infirmities. Addison. Would we be admitted into an acquaintance with God, let us study to resemble him. We

To AC

[blocks in formation]

. The person with whom we are ac

quainted; him of whom we have some knowledge, without the intimacy of friendship. In this sense the plural is, in some authors, acquaintance, in others acquaintances. But she, all vow'd unto the red-cross knigut, His wand'ring peril closely did lament, , Ne in this new acquaintance could delight, But her dear heart with anguish did tonnent. Fairy Queen. That young men travel under some tutor, i. allow well, so that he be such a one that may be able to tell them, what acquaintanies they are to seek, what exercises or discipline the place yieldcth. ... of. This, my lord, has justly acquired you as many friends, as there are persons who have the honour to be known to you; mere acquaintanae you have none, you have drawn them all into a nearer line; and they who have conversed with you, are for ever after invigliably yours. Dryd. We see he is ashamed of his nearest acquaintanzer. Boyle against Beatley.

[ocr errors]

miliar; well known; not new. Now call we our high court of parliament;

That war or peace, or both at once, may be

As things arquainted and familiar to us. Soak.

[ocr errors]

querir; written by some acquist, with a view to the word acquire, or acquisita.]

Attainment; acquisition; the thing
gained.
New acquests are more burden than strength.
Bacon.

Mud reposed near the ostea of rivers, makes continual additions to the land, thereby excluding the sea, and preserving these shells as trophies and signs of its new acquests and encroachments. JWoodward. QUIESCE. v. n. [acquiescer, Fr. acquiescene, Lat.] To rest in, or remain satisfied with, without opposition or discontent. It has in before the object. • Others will, upon account of the receivedness ef the proposed opinion, think it rather worthy to be examined than acquiesced in. Boyle. Neither a bare approbation of, nor a mere wishing, nor unactive complacency in ; nor, lastly, a natural inclination to things virtuous and good, can pass before God for a man's willing of such things; and o it men, upon this account, will needs take up and acquierre in an airy ungrounded persuasion, that they will those things which really they not will, the fall thereby into a gross and ão delusion. South. He § employed his transcendent wisdom and power, that i. these he might make way for hisbenignity, as the end wherein they ultimately acquiesce. Grew. Acqui E'sce N ce. n. s. [from acquiesce.] 1. A silent appearance of content, distinguished on one side from avowed consent, on the other from opposition. Neither from any of the nobility, nor of the clergy, who were thought most averse from it, there appeared any sign of contradiction to that; but an entire acquiescence in all the bishops thought fit to do. Clarendon. 2. Satisfaction ; rest ; content. Many indeed have given over their pursuits after fame, either from disappointment, or from experience of the little pleasure which attends it, or the better informations or natural coldness of clé age; but seldom from a full satisfaction and acquiescence, in their Present enjoyments of it. troo. 3. Submission; confidence. The greatest part of the world take up their persuasions concerning good and evil, by an implicit faith, and a full acquiescence, in the word of those, who shall represent things to them under these characters. - South. Acqui’RABLE. adj. [from acquire.] That may be acquired or obtained; attainable. Those rational instincts, the connate principles engraven in the human soul, though ...} are truths acquirable and deducible by rationas consequence and argumentation, yet seem to be inscribed in the very crasis and texture of the soul, antecedent to any acquisition by industry, or the exercise of the discursive faculty, in man. Halo's Origin of Mankind. If the powers of cogitation, and vôlition, and sensation, are neither inherent in matter as such, nor acquirable to matter by any motion or modification of it; it necessarily follows, that they proceed from some cogitative substance, some incorporeal inhabitant within us, which we call spirit and soul. Bentley. To ACQUI'RE. v. a. [acquerir, Fr. acquiro, Lat.] 1.To gain by one’s own labour or power; to obtain what is not received from nature, or transmitted by inheritance. Better to leave undone, than by our deed 4-guire too high a fame, while he, we serve, 's away. Shakspeare's Ant. and Cleop. 2. To come to ; to attain. Motion cannot be perceived without the perception of its terms, viz. the o: of space which it immediately left, and those which it next sequirer, Glanville's Scopuis.

Acqui'REp, particip. adj. [from acquire.] Gained by one's self, in opposition to those things which are bestowed by nature. We are seldom at ease, and free enough from the solicitation of our natural or adopted desires; but a constant succession of uneasinesses, out that stock which natural wants, or acquired habits, have heaped up, take the will in their turns. Lockr. Acqui’REMENT. n. . [from acquire.] That which is acquired; gain; attainment. The word may be properly used in opposition to the gifts of nature. These his acquirements, by industry, were exceedingly both enriched and enlarged by many excellent endowments of nature. Haywará. By a content and acquiescence in every species of truth, we embrace the shadow thereof; or so much as may Palliate its just and substantial acquirements. Brown's Vulgar Errours. It is very difficult to lay down rules for the acquirement of a taste. . The faculty must, in some degree, be born with us. AddisonAcqui’k ER. m. s. [from acquire.] The person that acquires; a gainer. Acoy Isi'Tio N. h. 3. [acquisitio, Lat.] 1. The act of acquiring or gaining. Each man has but a limited right to the good things of the world; and the natural allowed way, by which he is to compass the possession of these things, is by his own industrious acquisition of them. South. 2. The thing gained; acquirement. Great sir, all acquisition Qf glory, as of empire, here I lay before Your royal feet. Denhao's Sophy. A state can never arrive to its period in a rocre deplorable crisis, than when some prince lies hovering like a vulture to dismember its dying carcase; by which means it becomes only an orgossition to some mighty monarchy, witäcut hopes of a resurrection. Soft. AoS 1's Tive: adj. [acquisitivus, Laï.] That is acquired or gained. He died not in his acquisitive but in his native soil; nature herself, as it were, claiming a final interest in his body, when fortune had done with

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][graphic]

lff sin, then thou markest me, and thou wilt not acquit .#. mine iniquity. job. By the suffrage of the most and best he is already aquitted, and, by the sentence of some, condemned. Dryden. He that judges, without informing himself to *he utmost that he is capable, cannot acquit himself of judging amiss. ocke. Neither do I reflect upon the memory of his majesty, whom I entirely acquit of any imputation. Swift. 3. To clear from any obligation. Steady to myo: and not dispirited with my afflictions, I have, by the blessing of God on my endeavours, overcome all difficulties; and, in some measure, acquitted myself of the debt which I owed the †. when I undertook this work. Dryden. 4. In a similar sense, it is said, The man hath acquitted himself well; that is, he hath discharged his duty. Acqui'TMENT. m. s. [from acquit.] The state of being acquitted, or act of acquitting. The word imports properly an acquitment or di e of a man upon some precedent accusation, and a full trial and cognizance of his cause had thereupon. . South. Acqui'TTAL. m. s. In law, is a deliverance and setting free from the suspicion or guiltiness of an offence. Cowell. The constant design of both these orators, was to drivesome one particular point, either the condemnation or arguittal of an accused *; f twofo. To Acqui'TT AN ce. v. a. To procure an acquittance; to acquit. Not in use. But if black scandal, and foul-fac'd reproach, Attend the sequel of your imposition, Your mere enforcement shall acquittance me From all the impure blots and stains thereof. Shakpeare. To Acqui’r TAN ce. n. 4. [from acquit.] 1. The act of discharging from a debt. But soon shall find Forbearance, no acquittance, ere day end Justice shall not return, as beauty, scorn'd. Milt. 2. A writing testifying the receipt of a You can produce acquittances For such a sum, from special officers, Of Charles his father. Shakspeare. They quickly pay their debt, and then Take no acquittancer, but pay again. I}onne. The same man bought and sold to himself, Paid the money, and gave the arguittance. Art. Ack E. n. s. saecne, Sax.] A quantity of land containing in length forty perches, and four in breadth, or four thousand eight hundred and forty square yards. Dict. Search every acre in the high-grown field, And bring him to our eye. Shakspeare. A’cki D. adj. [acer, Lat.] Of a hot biting taste ; bitter; so as to leave a painful heat upon the organs of taste. Bitter and acrid differ only by the sharp particles of the first being involved in a greater quantity of oil than those cf the last. Arbuth.

AcRIMo'Nious, adj. Abounding with acrimony; sharp; corrosive. If gall cannot be rendered acrimonious, and bitter of itself, then whatever acrimony or amaritude redounds in it, must be from the admix...ture of melancholy. Harvey on Consumptions. A’c RIM on Y. n.s.. [acrimonia, Lat.] 1. Sharpness; corrosiveness. There be plants that have a milk in them when they are cut; as figs, old lettuce, sowthistles, spurge. The cause may be an inception of putrefaction: for those milks have all an acrimony, though one would think they should be lenitive. Bacon's Natiiral History. The chymists define salt, from some of its properties, to be a body fusible in the fire, congealable again by cold into brittle glebes or crystals, soluble in water, so as to disappear, not malleable, and having something in it which af. fects the organs of taste with a sensation of acromony or sharpness. Arbuthnot. . Sharpness of temper; severity; bitterness of thought or language. John the Baptist set himself, with much acromony and indignation, to baffle this senseless arrogant conceit of theirs, which made them huff at the doctrine of repentance, as a thing below them, and not at all belonging to them. South. A’ck it UD E. m. s. [from acrid.]. An acrid taste ; a biting heat on the palate. In greenvitriol, with its astringent and sweetish tastes, is joined some acritude. Grew's Mus. AcRoAMA't Ica L. adj.[axo~42, w, I hear.] Of or pertaining to deep learning : the opposite of exoterical. Acro A^T Icks. m. s. [to:2ariza J Aristotle’s lectures on the more nice and principal parts of philosophy, to which none but friends and scholars were admitted by him. Ack O'NY cal. adj. [from to 3-, summur, and ovš, nox; importing the beginning of night.] A term of astronomy, applied to the stars, of which the rising or setting is called acronycal, when they either appear above or sink below the horizon at the time of sunset. It is opposed to cosmical. AcRo'NY CALLY., adj. [from acronycal.] At the acronycal time. He is tempestuous in the summer, when he rises heliacally, and rainy in the winter, when he rises acronycally. Dryden. A’c Ros P1 R.E. n.s.. [from ox;3° and artica.] A shoot or sprout from the end of seeds before they are put in the ground. Many corns, will smilt, or have their pul turned into a substance like thick cream; is: sendforth their substance in an acrospire. Mort. A’c RosPI RED. part. adj. Having sprouts, or having shot out. For want of turning, when the malt is spread on the floor, it comes and sprouts at both ends, which is called acrospired, and is fit only for swine. Mortimer. AcRo'ss. adv. [from a for at, or the French d, as it is used in a travers, and

[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »