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is, in its original signification, appropriated to the chymists, but is now extended to other artists. The preservation of chastity is easy to true adopts. Pope. ADEPT. adj. Skilful; thoroughly versed. If there be really such o: philosophers ots we are told of, I am apt to think, that, among their arcana, they are masters of extremely po*cnt menstruums. oyle. A’d Equare. ad;. [adequatus, Lat.] Equal to ; proportionate; correspondent to, so as to bear an exact resemblance or proportion. It is used generally in a figurative sense, and often with the particle to. Contingent *. to be the whole adeouate object of ar courage; but a necessa ard o : paleness into #: stoutest heart. Harvey on Consumptions. The arguments were proper, adequate, and sufficient to compass their respective ends. South. All our simple ideas are adequate; because, being nothing but the effects of certain powers in things, ; and ordained by God to produce such sensations in us, they cannot but be coro and adequate to those powers. Locke. ose are adequate ideas, which perfectly represent their archetypes or objects. Inadequate are but a partial, or incomplete, representation of those archetypes to which they are referred. Js' atts' Logick. A'DEQUATELY. adv. [from goaf.j 1. In an adequate manner; with justness of representation; with exactness of proportion. Gratitude consists adequately in these two things; first, that it is a debt; and, secondly, that it is such a debt as is left to every man's ingenuity whether he will pay or no. South. 2. It is used with the particle to. , Piety is the necessary christian virtue, proportioned adequately to the omniscience and spirituality of that infinite Deity. Hammond. An Equat Es Ess. m. s. [from adequate.] The state of being adequate; justness of representation; exactness of proportion. AD Espoor ick. adj. Not absolute ; not despotick. Dict. To ADHERE. v. n. [adhereo, Lat.] 1. To stick to, as wax to the finger : with to before the thing. 2. To stick, in a figurative sense; to be consistent; to hold together. Why every thing adhere; together, that no dram of a scruple, no scruple of a scruple, no coedulous or unsafe circumstance—Shakspeare. 3. To remain firmly fixed to a party, person, or opinion. Good gentlemen, he hath much talk'd of you; And sure I am, two men there are not living To whom he more adheres. Every man of sense will agree with me, that *ingularity is laudable, when, in contradiction to • multitude, it adhere; to the dictates of conscience, morality, and honour. Boyle. At he's enco.. n. . [from adhere.] §ee ADH #sion, .


1. The quality of adhering, or sticking ; tenacity. - 2. In a figurative sense, fixedness of mind; steadiness; fidelity. The firm adherence of the Jews to their religion is no less remarkable than their dispersion; considering it as persecuted or contemned over the whole earth. - Addison. A constant adherence to one sort of diet ma have bad effects on any constitution. Arbuth. Plain good sense, and a firm adherence to the point, have proved more effectualthan those arts, which are contemptuously called the spirit of negociating. Swift. AD HE'REN cy. m. s. [the same with adherence.] 1. Steady attachment. 2. That which adheres. Vices have a native adherency cf vexation. - Lecay of Piety. AD HE’RENT. adj. [from adhere. J 1. Sticking to. Close to the cliff with both his hands he clung, And stuck adherent, and suspended hung. Pope. 2. United with. Modes are said to be inherent or adherent, that is, proper or improper. Adherent or imprope: modes arise from the joining of some accidental substance to the chief subject, which yet may be separated from it t so when a bowl is wet, or a boy is clothed, these are adherent modes; for the water and the clothes are distinct substances, which adhere to the bowl, or to the Loy. Watts. A D H E’RENT. n. 4. [from adhere.] I. The person that adheres; one that Supports the cause, or follows the fortune, of another: a follower; a partisan. Princes must give protection to their subjects and adherents, when worthy occasionshall require it. Raleigh. A new war must be undertaken upon the advice of those, who, with their partisans and adherents, were to be the sole gainers by it. Swift. 2. Any thing outwardly belonging to a person. When they cannot shake the main fort, they must try if they can possess themselves of the outworks, raise some prejudice against his discretion, his humour, his carriage, and his extrinsic adherents. Government of the songue. Ad He’RER. m. s. [from adhere.] He that adheres. He ought to be indulgent to tender consciences; but, at the same time, a firin adherer to the established church. Swift. ADHe'sion. n.s.. [adha-sio, Lat.] 1. The act or state of sticking to something. Adhesion is generally used in the natural, and adherence in the metaphorical sense ; as, the adhesion of iron to the magnet, and adherence of a client to his patron. Why therefore may not the minute parts of other bodies, if they be conveniently shaped for adhesion, stick to one another, as well as stick to this spirit * Boyle. The rest consisting wholly in the sensible configuration, as smooth and fough; or else more, or less, firm adhesion of the parts, as hard and

soft, tough and brittle, are obvious, Locke. —Prove that all things, on occasion, Love union, and desire adhesion. Prior.

2. It is sometimes taken, like adherence, figuratively, for firmness in an opinion, or steadiness in a practice. The same want of sincerity, the same adhesion to vice, and aversion from goodness, will be equally a reason for their rejecting any proof whatsoever. Atterbury. AD. He's 1 v E. adj. [from adhesion.] Sticking ; tenacious. If slow, yet sure, adhesive to the tract, Hot-steaming up. Thomson. To ADHI’BIT. v. a. [adhibeo, Lat.] To apply; to make use of. Salt, a necessary ingredient in all sacrifices, was adhibited and required in this view only as an emblem of purification. Forbes. ADH1 Bi’r ion. n.s.. [from adhibit.] Application; use. Dict. ADJA’ce Nc Y. n.s.. [from adjaceo, Lat.] 1. The state of lying close to another thing. 2. That which is adjacent. See ADJAC ENT. Because the Cape hath sea on both sides near it, and other lands, remote, as it were, equidistant from it; therefore, at that point, the needle is not distracted by the vicinity of adjacencier. Brown. ADJA’ceNT. adj. [adjacens, Lat.] Lying near or close ; bordering upon something. It may corrupt within itself, although no part of it issue into the body adjacent. Bacon. Uniform pellucid mediums, such as water, have no sensible reflection but in their external superficies, where they are adjacent to other mediums of a different density. Newton. ADJA’c ENT. m. s. That which lies next another. The sense of the author goes visibly in its own train, and the words, receiving a determined sense from their companions and adjacents, will not consent to give countenance and colour to what must be supported at any rate. Locke. ADr A'phorous. adj. [aëlcyogo.J Neutral : particularly used of some spirits and salts, which are neither of an acid or alkaline nature. Quincy.

Our adiaphorous spirit . be obtained, by distilling the liquor that is afforded by woods and divers other bodies. Boyle.

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Adject 1'Trous. adj. [from adjection.] Added; thrown in upon the rest. A’DJEctly E., n. ... [adjectivum, Lat.]. A word added to a noun, to signify the addition or separation of some quality, circumstance, or manner of being; as, good, bad, are adjectives, because, in speech, they are applied to nouns, to modify their signification, or intimate the manner of existence in the things signified thereby. Clarke. All the versification of Claudian is included within the compass of four or five lines; perpetually closing his sense at the end of a verse, and that verse commonly which they call golden, or two substantives ...] two adjectives, with a verb betwixt them, to keep the peace. Dryden. A'Djectively. adv. [from adjective.] After the manner of an adjective: a term of grammar. Adi EU’. adv. [from a Dieu, used elliptically for a Dieu je vous commende, used at the departure of friends.] The form of parting, originally importing a commendation to the Divine care, but now used, in a popular sense, sometimes to things inanimate; farewell. Ne gave him leave to bid that aged sire Adieu, but nimbly ran her wonted course. Fairy Queen. Use a more spacious ceremony to the noble lords; you restrained yourself within the list of too cold an adieu i be more expressive to them. - Shai-peare. While now I take my last adieu, Heave thou no sigh, nor shed a tear; Lest yet my half-clos'd eye may view On earth an object worth its care. rior. To AD.Jo'I N. v. a. [adjoindre, Fr. adjungo, Lat.] 1. To join to ; to unite to ; to put to. As one, who long in populous city pent, Forth issuing on a summer's morn to breathe Among the pleasant villages and farms Adjoin'd, from each thing met conceives delight. - - A filten. Corrections or improvements should be as remarks adjoined, . way of note or commentary, in their proper places, and superadded to a regular treatise. Watts. 2. To fasten by a joint or juncture. - As a massy wheel Fixt on the summit of the highest mount, To whose huge spoke ten thousandlessor things Are mortis'd .."adjoined. Sbaïspeare.

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to lie next, so as to have nothing between. Th' adjoining fane th'assembled Greeks ex


And hunting of the Caledonian beast. Dryden

In learning any thing, as little should be proposed to the mind at once as is possible; ind that being understood and fully mastered. prot ceed to the next adjoining, yet unknown, sin: le unperplexed proposition, belonging to the . ter in hand, and tending to the clearing what is Principally designed, locit. 7, ADJOURN. v. a. [adjourner, Fr.] 1. To put off to another day, naming the time: a term used in juridical proceedings, as of parliaments, or courts of justice. The queen being absent, 'tis a needful fitness, That we adjourn this court to further day. Shak. By the king's authority alone, and by his writs, they are assembled, . by him alone are they prorogued and dissolved; but each house may adjourn itself. Bacon. 2. To put off; to defer; to let stay to a future time. Then, Jupiter, thou king of gods, w; hast thou thus adjourn'd The graces for his merits due, Being all to dolours turn'd. Shakspeare; Crown high the goblets with a cheerful draught: Enjoy the present hour, adjourn the future ught. Dryden. The formation of animals being foreign to my purpose, I shall adjourn the consideration of it to another occasion. Woodward. Adjo'URN MENT. n.s.[adjournement, Fr.] 1. An assignment of a day, or a putting of till another day. . Afternment in eyre, an appointment of a day, when the justices in eyre mean to sit again. - Corvell. 4. Delay; procrastination; dismission to a future time. We will and we will not, and then we will not again, and we will. At this rate we run our lives out in adjournments from time to time, out of a o, that holds us off and on, betwixt hawk and buzzard. L'Estrange.. Aspirous. adi. Ladiposus, Lat.] Fat. Dict. A'DIT. n. s. Laditus, Lat..] A passage for the conveyance of water under ground; a passage under ground in general : a. term among the miners. - For conveying away the water, they stand in aid of sundry devices; as, adits, pumps, and wheels, driven by a stream, and interchangeably ing and emptying two buckets. Caroo. The delfs would be so flown with waters (it being impossible to make any adits or soughs to drain them) that no gins or machines could suffice to lay and keep them dry. Ray. ADI'rios. n. . [from adéo, aditum, Lat.] The act of going to another. . . Dict. To Adju'd G.E. v. a. [adjudico, Lat.] 1. To give the thing controverted to one of the parties by a judicial sentence : with the particle to before the person, . The way of disputing in the schools is by insisting on one topical argument; by the success of which, victory is adjudged to the opponent, or defendant. Locke. The great competitors for Rome, Crsar and Pompey, on Pharsalian plains, Where stern Bellóna, with one final stroke, 434'd the empire of this globe to one. Philips. 4. To sentence, or condemn to a punishment: with to before the thing. But though thou art adjudged to the death; Yet I will favour thee in what I can. Shakop.

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He adjudged him unworthy of his friendship, purposing sharply to revenge the wrong he had received. - Anolles. To ADJUTICATE.v. a. [adjudico, Lat.] To adjudge ; to give something controverted to one of the litigants, by a

sentence or decision. ". ADJudica’rios. m. s. [adjudicatio, Lat.] The act of judging, or of granting something to a litigant by a judicial

sentence. To A'Dju GATE. v. a. [adjugo, Lat.] To yoke to ; to join to another by a yoke. - Dict. Lat. Dict.

A/DJUMENT. n. Help ; support. A'DJUNCT. n.s.. [adjunctum, Lat.] 1. Something adherent or united to another, though not essentially part of it. Learning is but an adjunct to ourself, And where we are, our searning likewise is. Slak. But I make haste to consider you as abstracted from a court, which (if you will give me leave to use a term of logick) is only an adjunct, not a propriety, of happiness. . Dryden. he talent of discretion, in its several adjuncts and circumstances, is no where so serviceable as to the clergy. Szcist. 2. A person joined to another. This sense rarely occurs. . . . . . . . He made him the associate of his heir-apparent, together with the lord Cottington (as an adjunct of singular experience and trust) in foreign travels, and in a business of love. Wotton. A'Dj" N cr. adj. United with ; immediately consequent. So well, that what you bid me undertake, Though that my death were adjunct to my act, 'd do ’t. ... Shakspeare. ADJU'N crion. n. 4. [adjunctio, Lat.] 1. The act of adjoining or coupling together. - * - * *.

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2. The thing joined. ADJU'NCTIVE. n. 4. 1. He that joins. 2. That which is joined. ADJURA’rio N. m. ... [adjuratio, Lat.] 1. The act of adjuring, or proposing an oath to another. - 2. The form of oath proposed to another. When these learned men saw sickness and frenzy cured, the éead raised, the oracles put to silence, the daemons and evil spirits forced to confess themselves no gods, by persons, who only made use of prayer and adjurations in the name of their crucified Saviour; how could they doubt of their Saviour's power on the like očcasion ? Addison. To ADJU'RE. v. a. [adjuro, Jat.] To impose an oath upon another, prescribing the form in which he shall swear. Thou know'st, the magistrates And princes of my country came in person, Solicited, commanded, threaten'd, urg'd, Adjar'd by all the bonds of civil duty And of religion, press'd how just it was, How honourable. . .


Yelamps of heaven! he said, and lifted high His hands now free, thou venerable sky! Ye sacred altars! from whose flames I fled, Be all of you adjured. Dryden. To ADJU'ST v. a. [adjuster, Fr.] 1. To regulate; to put in order; to settle in the right form. Your lordship removes all our difficulties, and supplies all our wants, faster than the most visionary projector can adjust his schemes. Swift. 2. To reduce to the true state or standard; to make accurate. The names of mixed modes, for the most part, want standards in nature, whereby men may rectify and adjust their signification; therefore they are very various and doubtful. Locke. 3. To make conformable. It requires the particle to before the thing to which the conformity is made. As to the accomplishment of this remarkable rophecy, whoever reads the account given by Y. without knowing his character, and compares it with what our Saviour foretold, would think the historian had been a christian, and that he had nothing else in view, but to adjust the event to the prediction. Addison. ADJU's TM ENT. m. s. [adjustement, Fr.] 1. Regulation; the act of putting in method ; settlement. The farther and clearer adjustment of this af. fair, I am constrained to adjourn to the larger treatise. PWoodward. 2. The state of being put in method, or regulated. It is a vulgar idea we have of a watch or clock, when we conceive of it as an instrument made to shew the hour: but it is a learned idea which the watch-maker has of it, who knows all the several parts of it, together with the various connections and adjustments of each part. Watts. A'DJut A.N.T. n. s. A petty officer, whose dutyisto assist the major, by distributing the pay, and overseeing the punishment of the common men. To ADJU'TE. v. a. [adjuvo, adjutum, Lat.] To help ; to concur. Not in liSC. For there be Six bachelors as bold as he, Adjuting to his o And each one hath his livery, B. Jonson. AdJu’ro R. n.s.. [adjutor, Lat.] A helper. Dict. ADJU'roRY. adj. [adjutorius, Lat.] That does help. Dict. ADJU't Rix. n. 4. [Lat.] She who helps. Diet. A'Djuv A.N.T. adj. [adjuvans, Lat.] Helpful; useful. IDict. To A/DJ U v At E v. a. [adjuvo, Lat.] To help; to further; to put forward. Diet. ADME'Asur EMENT. m. s. [See Me Asu R E.] The adjustment of proportions; the act or practice of measuring according to rule. A*measurement is a writ, which lieth for the bringing of those to a mediocrity, that usurp

more than their part. It lieth in two cases: 1. one is termed admeasurement of dower, where the widow of the deceased holdeth from the heir, or his guardian, more in the name of her dower, than belongeth to her. The other is admeasurement of pasture, which lieth between those that have common of pasture appendant to their freehold, or common by vicinage, in case any one of them, or more, do surcharge the common with more cattle than they ought. Cowell. In some counties they are not much acquainted with admeasurement by acre; and i. writs contain twice or thrice so many acres more than the land hath. aco. ADM ENsuk A^+ ion. m. s. sad and mensura, Lat.] The act, or practice, of measuring out to each his part. ADM 1/Nicle. n. 4. [adminiculum, Lat.] Help ; support; furtherance. Dict. ADMIN 1'CU LAR. adj. [from adminiculum, Lat.] That gives help. Dict. To ADMI'NISTER. v. a. [administre, Lat.] l 1. To give : to afford: to su 8. Let zephyrs bland pply Administer their tepid genial airs; Nought fear he from the west, whose gentle warmth Discloses well the earth's all-teeming womb. - Philipr. 2. To act as the minister or agent in any employment or office : generally, but not always, with some hint of subordination ; as, to administer the government. For forms of government let fools contest, Whate'er is best administer'd, is best. Pope. 3. To administer justice; to distribute right. 4. To administer the sacraments, to dispense them. Have not they the old popish custom of adrinistering the blessed sacrament of the holy eucharist with wafer-cakes 2 - Hoofer. 5. To administer an oath; to propose or require an oath authoritatively; to tender an oath. Swear by the duty that you owe to heav'n, To keep the oath that we administer. Soak6. To administer physic; to give physic as it is wanted. I was carried on men's shoulders, administering physic and phlebotomy. Wafer's Poyage. 7. To administer to ; to contribute ; to bring supplies. I must not omit, that there is a fountain rising in the upper part of my garden, which forms a little wanderong rill, and administers to the pleasure as well as the plenty of the place. Perf. 8. To perform the office of an administrator, in law. See ADMIN 1st RAto R. Neal's order was never performed, because the executors durst not administer. Arb, and *eze. To ADM 1/N 1st RAt E. v. a. s.admire; or, e. Lat.] To exhibit; to give as physick. Not in use. They have the same effects in medicine, whers inwardly administrated to animal bodies. Horses

ADMINISTRA’rrow. n.s.. [administratio, Lat.] 1. The act of administering or conducting any employment; as, the conducting the public affairs ; dispensing the laws. I then did use the person of your father; The image of his power lay then in me: And o administration of his law, While I was busy for the commonwealth, Your highness pleased to forget my place. Shak. In the short time of his administration, he shone to powerfully upon me, that, like the heat of a Russian summer, he ripened the fruits of poetry in a cold climate. Dryden. 2. The act or executive part of government. It may pass for a maxim in state, that the ad*inistration cannot be placed in too few hands, nor the legislature in too many. Swift. 3. Collectively, those to whom the care of public affairs is committed; as, the administration has been opposed in parliament. 4. Distribution; exhibition; dispensation. There is in sacraments to be observed their force, and their form of administration. Hooker. By the universal administration of grace, begun by our blessed Saviour, enlarged by his apostles, tarried on by their immediate successors, and to be completed by the rest to the world's end; all types that darkened this faith are enlightened. Sprat's Sermons. ADMI's 1st Rat1 v E. adj. [from adminiitrate.] That does administer; that by which any one administers. * oxer. n. ... [administrator, at. 1. He that has the goods of a man dying intestate committed to his charge by the ordinary, and is accountable for the same, whenever it shall please the ordinary to call upon him thereunto. f Cowell. He was wonderfully diligent to enquire and observe what became of the king of Arragon, in holding the kingdom of Castille, and whether he did . it in his own right, or as administrator to his daughter. Bacon's Henry vii. * He that officiates in divine rites. I feel my conscience bound to remember the death of Christ, with some society of christians or other, since it is a most plain command; whether the person, who i. these elements, be only an occasional or a settled administrator. atts. 3. He that conducts the government. e residence of the prince, or chief admi*itrator of the civil power. Swift. Advisist RA’rorship. m. s. [from administrator.] The office of administrator. Admi's 1st RATRIX. n.s. (Lat.] She who administers in consequence of a will. AbMirabi'lity. n...[admirabilis, Lat.] The quality or state of being admirable. Dict. A'extra B le. adj. [admirabilis, Lat] To be admired; worthy of admiration;

of power to excite wonder: always taken in a good sense, and applied either to persons or things. The more power he hath to hurt, the more admirable is his praise, that he will not hurt. Sidney. God was with them in all their afflictions, and at length, by working their admirable deliverance, did testify that they served him not in vain. ooker. What admirable things occur in the remains of several other philosophers! Short, I confess, of the rules of christianity, but generally above the lives of christians. South's Sermons. You can at most To an indiff'rent lover's praise pretend : But you would spoil an admirable friend. Dryd. A’d Mi RABLE Ness. n.s.. [from admirable.] The quality of being admirable; the power of raising wonder. A’DM 1 R A B ly, ada. [from admirable.] So as to raise wonder; in an admirable manner. The theatre is the most spacious of any I ever saw, and so admirably well contrived, that, from the very depth of the stage, the lowest sound may be heard distinctly to the farthest part of the audience, as in a whispering place; and yet raise your voice as high as you please, there is nothing like an echoto cause the least confusion. Addisor.

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. The admiral galley, wherein the emperor himself was, by great mischance, struck upon a sanci. nodles.

A’d M1R Alship. n. 3. [from admiral.] The office or power of an admiral. A/DM 1 R A LT Y. m. J. [amiraulté, Fr.] The power, or officers, appointed for the administration of naval affairs. ADM 1 RA’t 1o N. m. s. [admiratio, Lat.] 1. Wonder; the act of admiring or wondering. Indued with human voice, and human sense, Reasoning to admiration. Milton. The passions always move, and therefore consequently please; for, without motion, there can be no delight, which cannot be considered but as an active passion. When we view those elevated ideas of nature, the result of that view is admiration, which is always the cause of pleasure.

ryde", There is a pleasure in admiration, and 3. is

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