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there will arise quite different aftalians and natures, and species of the compound beings. Bentley. 7. State of the body, as acted upon by any Cause. It seemed to me a venereal gonorrhaea, and others thought it arose from some scorbutical cases. - Wiseman's Surgery. 3. Lively representation in painting. Affortion is the lively representment of any passion whatsoever, as if the figures stood not upon a cloth or board, but as if they were acting upon a stage. Wotton's Architecture. 9. It is used by Shakspeare sometimes for affectation. There was nothing in it that could indict the author of affection. Shakspeare. AFFE'crlos Are. aff. [affectionné, Fr. from affection.]
1. Full of affection; strongly moved ; Warm ; zealous. In their love of God, and desire to please him, men can never be too affectionate; and it is as true, that in their hatred of sin men may be sometimes too passionate. Sprat's Sermons. * Strongly inclined to; disposed to: with the particle wo. As for the parliament, it presently took fire, being affectionate, of old, to the war of France. Bacon's Henry v11. 1. Fond; tender. He found me sitting, beholding this picture: I know not with how affectionate countenance, but, I am sure, with a most affectionate mind. Sidney. Away they fly Aft:tionate, and undesiring bear The most delicious morsel to their young. Thomson. 4. Benevolent; tender. When we reflect on all this offetionate care of Providence for our happiness, with what wonder must we observe the little effect it has on men! Rogers' Sermont. Affe'ction ATEly. adv, (from affectionate.] In an affectionate manner; fondly; tenderly; benevolently. Affe’ction AT en Ess. n. . [from offictionate.] The quality or state of being affectionate ; fondness; tenderness; good-will ; benevolence. AFFE'ction Ed. adi. (from affectionate.] 1. Affected; conceited. This sense is obsolete. An affectioned ass, that cons state without , and utters it by great swaths. Shakspeare. 2. Inclined ; mentally disposed. Be kindly affectioned one to another. Rowans. Affe'ct lously. adv. [from affect.] In an affecting manner. Dict. AFF k"ct 1 v E. adj. [from affect.] That does affect; that strongly touches. It is generally used for painful. Pain is so ineasy a sentiment, that very little of it is enough to corrupt every enjoyment; and the effect God intends this variety of ungrateful and effective sentiments should have on us, is to reclaria cur affections from this valley of tears. Rogers.
1. A marriage contract. At last such grace I found, and means I wrought, That I that ; to my spouse had won, Accord of friends, consent of parents sought, Affance made, my happiness begun. Fairy Queen. 2. Trust in general ; confidence; secure reliance. The duke is virtuous, mild, and too well given To dream on evil, or to work my downfall.— —Ah! what's more dangerous than this fond affiance? Seems he a dove? his feathers are but borrow'd. Shakspeare's Henry v1. 3. Trust in the divine promises and protection. To this sense it is now almost confined. Religion receives man into a covenant of grace, where there is pardon reached out to all truly penitent sinners, and assistance promiscd, and engaged, and bestowed, upon very easy conditions, viz. humility, prayer, and §. in him. Hammond's Fundamentals. There can be no surer way to success, than by disclaiming all confidence in ourselves, and referring the events of things to God with an implicit affiance. tterbury's Sermons. To AF fi’Asce. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To betroth; to bind any one by promise to marriage. To me, sad maid, or rather widow sad, He was affianced long time before, And sacred pledges he both gave and had; False, errant knight, infamous and foreswore' Fairy Queen. Her should Angelo have married, was offanced to her by oath, and the nuptial appointed; between which time of the contract, and limit of the solemnity, his brother was wrecked, having in that vessel the dowry of his sister. Shakspeare's Measure for Measure.
2. To give confidence.
You said, if I return'd next'size in Lent, I should be in remitter of your grace;
offidavits. Count Rechteren should have made affidavit that his servants had been affronted, and then monsieur Mesnager would have done him justice. Spectator. AFF 1'Ep. particip. adj. [from the verb affy, derived from affito, Latin ; Bracton using the phrase affidare mutteres.) Joined *}, contract ; affianced. e we offird, and such assurance ta'en, As shall with either part's agreement stand. Skałop. Affili A’t 1o N. n.s.. [from ad and flus, Lat..] Adoption ; the act of taking a Soil- Chamo, rs. A’F FINA Ge. m. s. [offixage, Fr.] The act of refining metals by the coppel, Dut. AFF 1'N F. D. adj. LFrom affinis, Lat.] Joinci by affinity to another; related to another. If partially affin'd, or leagued in office, Thou dost deliver more or less than truth, Thou art no soldier. Shakspeare's Othello. AFF 1'N IT.Y. m. s. saffinité, Fr. from offinis, Lat.] 1. Relation by marriage ; relation contracted by the husband to the kindred of the wife, and by the wife to those of the husband. It is opposed to consanguinity, or relation by birth. In this sense it has sometimes the particle with, and sometimes to, before the person to whom the relation is contracted. They had left none alive, by the blindness of rage killing many guiltless persons, either for
affinity to the tyrant, or enmity to the tyrantkillers. Sidney.
And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh's daughter. 1. Kings. A breach was made with France itself, notwithstanding so strait an affinity, so lately accomplished; as if indeed Go to that pleasant maxim of state) kingdoms were never mar1ied. Wotton. 2. Relation to ; connexion with ; resemblance to : spoken of things. The British tongue, or Welsh, was in use only in this island, having great affinity with the old Gallick. Camden. All things that have affinity with the heavens, move upon the center of another, which they benefit. Bacon's Essay. The art of painting hath_wonderful offinity with that of poetry. Dryden's Defresnoy. Man is more distinguished by devotion than by reason, as several brute creatures discover something like reason, though they betray not anything that bears the least offinity to devotion. dison's Spectator. T, AFFI'RM. v. n. [affirm.o., Lat.] To declare ; to tell confidently : opposed to the word deny. Yet their own authors faithfully affrn, Th;t the land Salike lies in Germany,
To A FF1'R.M. v. a. 1. To declare positively; as, to fact. 2. To ratify or approve a former law, or judgment: opposed to revers, or repeal. The house of peers hath a power of judicature in some cases, properly to examine, and then to offirm ; or, if there be cause, to reverse the judgments which have been given in the court of ing's bench. Bacon's Advice to Sir G. Williers. In this sense we say, to offirm the irott. AFF 1'RMA B I. E. ad. [from affilm.] That may be affirmed. Those atttributes and conceptions that were applicable and %. of him when present, are now affirmable and applicable to him though past. Halo's Origin of Mankind. AFF 1'r M A N C F. m. s. (from offirm.] Confirmation; opposed to repeal. This statute did but restore an ancient statute, which was itself also made but in affirmance of the common law. a-do. Affi'R.M.A.N.T. n. s. [from affirm.] The person that affirms; a declarer. Doct. AFF1RMA’r to N. m. s. [affirmatio, Lat.) 1. The act of affirming or declaring : opposed to negation or denial. This gentleman vouches, upon warrant of bloody affirmation, he is to be more virtuous, and less attemptable, than any of our ladies. Shakspeare's Cymbeline, 2. The position affirmed. That he shall receive no benefit from Christ, is the offirmation whereon his despair is founded; and one way of removing this dismal apprehension, is, to convince him that Christ's death, if he perform the condition required, shall certainly belong to him. Hammond's Fundamentali.
3. Confirmation: opposed to repeal.
The learned in the laws of our land observe, that our statutes sometimes are only the affr– mation, or ratification, of that which, by coinmon law, was held before. Hooker.
AFF 1'RMAT 1 v E. adj. [from affirm.] 1. That does affirm, opposed to negative :
in which sense we use the affirmative ab
solutely, that is, the affirmative position. For the affirmative, we are now to answer
such proofs of theirs as have been before alleged.
Hocker. Whether there are such beings or not, 'tis sufficient for my purpose, that many have believed the affirmative. Dryden.
2. That can or may be affirmed : a sense
used chiefly in science. As in algebra, where affirmative quantities
vanish or cease, there negative ones begin; so
in mechanicks, where attraction ceases, there a
repulsive virtue ought to succeed. Neotten.
3. That has the habit of affirming with
vehemence ; positive ; dogmatical : applied to persons. Be not confident and offirmative in an uncertain matter, but report things modestly and temperately, according to the degree of that so which is, or ought to be, begotten
y the efficacy of the authority, or the 1.ason,
tive..] In an affirmative manner; on the positive side ; not negatively. The reason of man hath no such restraint: concluding not only affirmatively, but negatively; not only affirming, there is no magnitude beyond the last heavens, but also denying, there is any vacuity within them. Brown. AFF1'RMEs... n. . [from affirm.] The person that affirms. If by the word virtue, the affrner intends our whole duty to God and man; and the denier by the word virtue, means only courage, or, at most, our duty toward our neighbour, without including, in the idea of it, the duty which we owe to God. Watts' Logick. To Affi's. v. a. [offgo, affrum, Lat.] 1. To unite to the end, or a posterior ; to subjoin. He that has settled in his mind determined ideas, with names affixed to them, will be able to discern their differences one from another. Lockr. If men constantly affixed applause and disgrace where they ought, the principle of shame would have a véry good influence on publick conduct; though on secret villanies it lays no restraint. Rogers' Sermons. 2. To connect consequentially. The doctrine of irresistibility of grace, in working whatsoever it works, if it be acknowledged, there is nothing to be affixt to gratitude. ammond's Fundamentals. 3. Simply to fasten or fix. Obsolete. Her modest eyes, abashed to behold So many gazers as on her do stare, Upon the lowly ground affixed are. Affi's. n. ... [...oft.rum, Lat.] Something united to the end of a word: a term of grammar. In the Hebrew language, the noun has its affra, to denote the pronouns possessive or relative. Clarke's Latin Grammar.
form and manner we ought to punish the sin of
idolatry in others. - Hooker. 0 coward conscience, how dost thougfict me! The lights burn blue—Is it not dead midnight? cold fearful drops stand on my trembling flesh. Shakıpeare's Richard 111. Give not over thy mind to heaviness, and affix: not thyself in thine own counsel. Ecclus. A father afficted with untimely mourning, when he hats made an image of his child soon taken away, now honoured him as a Cod, which was then a dead man, and delivered to
those that were under him ceremonies and sacrifices. Wisdom. A melancholy tear afficts my eye, And my heart [abours with a sudden sigh. Prior. 2. The passive to be afficted, has often at before the causal noun; by is likewise proper. The mother was so †: at the loss of a fine boy, who was her only son, that she died for grief of it. Addison's Spectator. AFF LI’ct EDN Ess. m. s. [from officied. The state of affliction, or of being af. flicted ; sorrowfulness; grief. AF flict ER. m. . [from afflict.] The person that afflicts. AF Fli’ction. n. 4. [affictio, Lat.] 1. The cause of pain or sorrow ; calamity. To the flesh, as the apostle himself granteth, all offiction is naturally grievous; therefore na-. ture, which causeth fear, teacheth to pray against all adversity. #. We'll bring }. to one that you have cozened of money; I think to repay that money will be a biting affliction. Shakspeare. 2. The state of sorrowfulness; misery : opposed to joy or prosperity. Besides, you know, Prosperity's the very bond of love, Whose i. complexion, and whose heart together, Affliction alters. Shakspeare's Winter', Tal. Where shall we find the man that bears affliction, Great and majestic in his griefs, like Cato; Addison's Cato. Some virtues are only seen in affliction, and some in prosperity. Addison's Spectator. AFF Li'ctive. ads. [from affict.] That causes affliction; painful; tormenting, They found martyrdom a duty dressed up in. deed with all that was terrible and afflictive to human nature, yet not at all the less a duty.
Sout Nor can they find outh. Where to retire themselves, or where appease Th' afflictive keen desire of food, expos'd To winds, and storms, and jaws of savage death, Philips. Restless Proserspine– —On the spacious land and liquid main Spreads slow disease, and darts affictive pain. Prior, Affluence. ? n. . . [offence, Fr. asA/F Flue Ncy. fluentia, Lat.] 1. The act of flowing to any place : concourse. It is almost always used figuratively., I shall not relate the affrence of young nobles from hence into Spain, after the voice of our prince being there had been noised. Wotton. 2. Exuberance of riches; stream of wealth; plenty. Those degrees of fortune, which give fulness and offence to one station, may be want and penury in another. Rogers. Let joy or ease, let affluence or content, And the gay conscience of a life well spent, Çalon ev'ry thought, inspirit ev'ry grade. Pop. A/F Host adj. [4%uent, Fr. affluen, Lat.
1. Flowing to any part. These parts are no more than foundation-piles of the ensuing body; which are afterwards to be increased, and raised to a greater bulk, by the affluent blood that is transmitted out of the moer's body. Harvey on Consumptions. 2. Abundant; exuberant ; wealthy. I see thee, Lord and end of my desire, Loaded and blest with all the affluent store, Which human vows at smoking shrines implore. roof". A/Ffluent Ness. n. 4. [from affluent.] The quality of being affluent. Dict. A/Fflux. n. . [afflurus, Lat.] 1. The act of flowing to some place; affluence. 2. That which flows to another place. The cause hereof cannot be a supply by procreations: ergo, it must be by new offixes to London out of the country. Graunt. The infant grows bigger out of the womb, by agglutinating one afflux of blood to another. Harvey on Consumptions. An animal that must lie still, receives the effux of colder or warmer, clean or foul water, as it happens to come to it. Locke. AFFlu'rio N. m. s. Loftuario, Lat.] 1. The act of flowing to a particular place. 2. That which flows from one place to another. An inflammation either simple, consisting of an hot and sanguineous affluxion, or else denominable from other humours, according unto the predominancy of melancholy, phlegm, or choler. - Brown's Pulgar Errourr. To Affo'R D. v. a. [offourrer, affour rager, French.] 1. To yield or produce ; as, the soil affords grain ; the trees afford fruits. This seems to be the primitive signification. 2. To grant, or confer any thing : generally in a good sense, and sometimes in a bad, but less properly. So soon as Maurmon there arriv'd, the door To him did open, and afforded way. Fairy Q. This is the consolation of all good men, unto whom his ubiquity, afford to continual comfort and security; and this is the affliction of hell, to whom it affordeth despair and remediless calamity. Brown's Vulgar Errourr. 4. To be able to sell. It is used always with reference to some certain price; as, I can afford this for sess than ite other. They fill their magazines in times of the greatest plenty, that so they may affor: cheaper, and increase the public revenue at a small expence to its members. Addison on Italy. 4. To be able to bear expences; as, traders can offord more finery in peace than an 'tuar. The same errours run through all families, where there is wealth enough to afford that their sons may be good for nothing. Swift. To AFFO'REST. v. a. [afforts:are, Lat.] . To turn ground into forest. It appeareth, by Charta de Foresta, that he affarested many woods and wastes,to::::::iew.ice
of the subject, which by that law were disafforested. Sir john Davies on Ireland. AF for Est A^T Io N. . . [from afforest.) ' The charter de Foresta, was to reform the encroachments made in the time of Richard I. and Henry II. who had made new afforest.ctions, and much extended the rigour of the forest laws. - Hale. To AFFRA'N chise. v. a. saffrancher, Fr.] To make free. To AFFRA’Y. v. a. [effrayer, or offriger, Fr. which Menage derives from fragor;” perhaps it comes from friga;..] To fright ; to terrify ; to strike with fear. Not in use. The same to wight he never would disclose, But when as monsters huge he would dismay, Or daunt unequal armies of his foes, Or when the flying heavens he would affray. Fairy 3. Aff RA’y, or AFF RA’YMENT. w. . [from the verb.] I. A tumultuous assault of one or more persons upon others: a law term. A battle : in this sense it is written fras. 2. Tumult; confusion. Out of ase. Let the night be calm and quietsome, Without tempestuous storms or sad affroy. Spanier. AFF R1'cT 1 on. m. s. [,iffictio, Lat.] The act of rubbing one thing upon another. I have divers times observed, in wearing silverhilted swords, that, if they rubbed upon my cloaths, if they were of a light-coloured cloth, the affriction would quickly blacken them; and, congruously hereunto, I have found pens blacked almost all over, when I had a while carried them about me in a silver case. oyle. To Aff R1'GHT. v. a. [See FR1cht.] 1. To affect with fear; to terrify. It generally implies a sudden impression of fear. Thy name affrights me, in whose sound is death. Shakspeare's Henry v1. Godlike his courage seem’d, whom nor ão Could soften, nor the face of death affright. Josier. He, when his country o with alarm) Requires his courage and his conqu'ring arm, Shall, more than once, the Punic bands offright. Dryden's 2neid.
1. Terrour; fear. This word is chiefly poetical. As the moon, cloathed with cloudy night. Does shew to him that walks in fear and sad affright. Spenser's Fair. Wide was his parish, not contracted 3.
In streets, but here and there a straggling house,
Yet still he was at hand, without requesi.
To serve the sick, to succour the distress'd; Tempting, on foot, alone, without affright, The dangers of a dark tempestuous night. Dryd. 3. The cause of fear; a terrible object; dreadful appearance. I see the gods Upbraid our suff'rings, and would humble them By sending these affrights, while we are here, That we might laugh at their ridiculous fear. Ben 'fonson's Catiline. The war at hand appears with more affright, And rises ev'ry moment to the sight. Dryden. Aff R1'cht Fu L. adj. [from affright.] Full : affright or terrour; terrible; dreadul. There is an absence of all that is destructive or frightful to human nature. Decay of Piety. FFR 1's HTMF Nor. m. s. [from affroot.] 1. The impression of fear; terroun. She awaked with the affrightment of a dream. offan. Passionate words or blows from the tutor, fill the child's mind with terrour and o: : which immediately takes it wholly up, and leaves no room for other impression. Locke. 2. The state of fearfulness. Whether those that, under any anguish of mind, return to affrightinents or doubtings, have not been hypocrites. Hammond. T, AFFRó’NT. v. a. [affronter, Fr. that is, ad frontem stare ; ad frontem conthmeliam allidere, to insult a man to his face.] 1. To meet face to face; to encounter. This seems the genuine and original sense of the word, which was formerly indifferent to good or ill. We have closely sent for Hamlet hither, the, as 't were by accident, may here Affat Ophelia. Shakspeare's Hamlet. The seditious, the next day, affronted the king's forces at the entrance of a highway; whom when they found both ready and resolute to fight, they desired enterparlance. Hayward. 1. To meet, in an hostile manner, front to front. His holy rites and solemn feasts profan'd, And with their darkness durst affront his light. - Paradise Lost. 3. To offer an open insult ; to offend avowedly. With respect to this sense, it is observed by Cervantes, that, if a man strikes another on the back, and then runs away, the person so struck is injured, but not offronted; an affront always implying a justification of the act. Did not this fatal war #. thy coast 2 Yet sattest thou an idle socker-on. Fairfax. But harm precedes not sin, only our foe, Tempting, affronts us with his foul esteem Of our integrity. Paradise Lort. I would learn the cause, why Torrismond, Within my palace-walls, within my hearing, Almost within my sight, affronts a prince, Who shortly shall command him. Dryden. This brings to mind Faustina's fondness for the iator, and is interpreted as satire. But how can one irnagine, that the Fathers would have dired to affront the wife of Aurelius: Addi. Affko'Nir. m. . [from the verb.]
1. Open opposition; encounter: a sense not frequent, though regularly deducible from the derivation. Fearless of danger, like a petty god l walk'd about, admir'd of all, and dreaded On hostile ground, none daring my affront. Samson Agoniites. 2. Insult offered to the face; contemptuous or rude treatment; contumely, He would often maintain Plantianus, in doing affronts to his son. Bacon'; Essay. You have done enough, for you design'd iny chains: The grace is vanish'd, but th'affront remains. Ioydon's Aurengzebo. He that is found reasonable in one thing, is concluded to be so in all; and to think or say otherwise, is thought so unjust an affront, and so senseless a censure, that nobody ventures to do it. Locke. There is nothing which we receive with so much reluctance as advice: we look upon the man who gives it us, as offering an affront to our understanding, and treating us like children or ideots. Addison's Spectator. 3. Outrage; act of contempt, in a more general sense. Oft have they violated The temple, oft the law, . foul affrontr, o rather. Paradise Regained. 4. Disgrace ; shame. This sense is rather peculiar to the Scottish dialect. Antonius attacked the pirates of Crete, and by his, too great presumption, was defeated; upon the sense of which affront he died with grief. 21, buthnot on Coint. AFF Ro's ter. ". . [from offront.] The person that affronts. AFFRo'NT ING. part ad. [from affront.] That has the quality of affronting; con. tumelious. Among words which signify the same principal ideas, some are clean and decent, others unclean; some are kind, others are affronting and reproachful, because of the secondary idea which custom has affixed to them. Wattr. To AFFU'SE. v. 4. . [affando, affilium, Lat.] To pour one thing upon an: other. I poured acid liquors, to try if they contained any volatile salt or spirit, which would robably have discovered itself, by making an ebullition with the affused liquor. Boyle. AF Fu's to N. m. s. [affisio, Lat.] The act of pouring one thing upon another. Upon the affusion of a tincture of galls, it immediately became as black as ink. rootTo AFFY'. v. a. [offer, Fr. offidare muHerew, Bracton.] To betroth in order to marriage. Wedded be thou to the hags of hell, For daring to affy a mighty lord Unto the daughter of a worthless king. Shakop. To Affy'. 'v. n. To put confidence in : to put trust in ; to confide. Not in use. Marcus Andronicus, so I do affy In thy, uprightness and integrity, That I will here dismiss my loving friends. S*-* Arara'. Titus Andronicus.