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AF1’E L p. adv. [from a and field.
F1E LI).] To the field.
We drove afteld, and both together heard
What time the grey fly winds her sultry horn,
Batt'ning our flocks with the fresh dews of night.
41ilton.
Afteld I went, amid the morning dew,
To milk my kine, for so should housewives do.

Gay. Afta’t. adv. [from a and flat. See FLAT.] Level with the ground. When you would have many new roots of fruit-trees, take a low tree, and bow it, and lay all his branches aftat upon the ground, and east earth upon them; and every twig will take root. Bacon's Natural History. AF lo'AT. adv. [from a and float. See Flo A T.] Floating ; born up in the water; not sinking : in a figurative sense, within view ; in motion. There is a tide in the affairs of men, Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune; Omitted, all the voyage of their life is bound in shallows and in miseries. On such a full sea are we now afloat; And we must take the current when it serves, Or lose our ventures. Shakspeare. Take any passion of the soul of man, while it is predominant and oftoat, and, just in the critical height of it, nick it with some lucky or unlucky word, and you may as certainiy overrule it to your own purpose, as a spark of fire, •falling upon gunpowder, will infallibly blow it ‘ up. South. There are generally several hundred loads of timber aftoat, for they cut above twenty-five leagues up the river, and other rivers bring in their contributions. dadison. Afo'or. adv. [from a and foot.] 1. On foot; not on horseback. He thought it best to return, for that day, to a village not far off; and, dispatching his horse in some sort the next day early, to come afoot thither. Shaloprare. 2. In action ; as, a design is "foot. I pr’ythee, when thou seest that act asket, Ev’n with the very comment of thy soul Observe mine uncle. Shak peare. 3. In motion. Of Albany's and Cornwall's pow'rs you heard not"Tis said they are afoot. Shakspeare. A fo’RE. prop. [from a and fore. See BEFor E f 1. Not behind; as, he held the shield afore. Not in use. 2. Before ; nearer in place to any thing; as, he stood afore him. 3. Sooner in time. If your diligence be not speedy, I shall be there afore you. Shak-peare's Aing Lear. Afo'RE. adv. 1. In time foregone or past. Whosoever should make light of any thing afore spoken or written, out of his own house a tree should be taken, and he thereon be hanged. Erdras. If he never drank wine afore, it will go near to remove his fit. Soak-peare's Towprit. 4. First in the way.

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AEmilia, run you to the citadel, And tell my lord and lady what hath hap'd; Will you go on fore ? Shakspeare's otball, 3. In front; in the forepart. Approaching nigh, he reared high afore His body monstrous, horrible, and vast. Fairy Q. A fo’Re Got N G. far acrp. adj. [from afae and going.] Going before. AFo'RF HAN D. adv. [from afore and band.] 1. By a previous provision. Many of the particular subjects of discourse are occasional, and such as cannot aforehand be reduced to any certain account. Gov. of Tongue. 2. Provided ; prepared ; previously fitted. For it will be said, that in the former times, whereof we have spoken, Spain was not so mighty as now it is; and England, on the other side, was more aforehend in all matters of power. Bacon'; Considerations on 14War with Spain. A fo’REMENT 1 o'N E. D. aty. (from afore and mentioned.] Mentioned before. Among the nine other parts, five are not in a condition to give alms or relief to those of rementioned; being very near reduced themselves to the same miserable condition. Addison. A Fo'R E N AM E. D. off. [from afore and named.] Named before. Imitate something of circular form, in which, as in all other of renamed proportions, you shal) help yourself by the diameter. Peacham. A fo’s Es AID. ads [from afore and said.] Said before. It need not go for repetition, if we resume again that which we said in the aforesaid experiintint. Bacon's Natural History. A Fo'RETIME. adv. [from afore and time.] In time past. O thou that art waxen old in wickedness, now thy sins which thou hast committed foretime are come to light. Susanna. AFRA's D: part, ag. [from the verb of roy :

it should therefore properly be written with s/.] 1. Struck with fear; terrified ; fearful. So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm. Psalms. 2. It has the particle of before the object of fear. here, loathing life, and yet of death afraid, In anguish of her spirit thus she pray'd. Irryder. If, while this wearied flesh draws fleeting breath, Not satisfy'd with life, afraid of death, It hap’ly be thy will, that I should know Glimpse of delight, or pause from anxious woe: From now, from instant now, great Sire, dispel The clouds that press my soul. Frier. AF RE’s H. adv. [from a and fresh. See FREs H.] Anew : again, after intermission. The Germans serving upon great horses, and tharged with heavy armour, received great twor: by light skirmishes; the Turks, with their light horses, easily shunning their charge, and again, at their pleasure, charging them afrera, when they saw the heavy horses almost weary. A ros.,. When once we have attained these ide.< they may be excited fresh by the use of v. e. e.

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Arro'st, adv. [from a and front.] In front; in direct opposition to the face. These four came all frant, and mainly thrust at me. Shai peare's Henry Iv. After. tre. so Sax.]" 1. Following in place. After is commonly applied to words of motion; as, he came after, and stood behind him. It is opposed to before. What says lord Warwick, shall we after Aft *T*.*.*.* -offer them na efore em, we can. - y, bef Shakspeare's Henry v1. 4. In pursuit of. After whom is the king of Israel come out? After whom dost thou pursue? After a dead dog, ofter a flea. 1 Samuel. 3. Behind. This is not a common use. Sometimes I placed a third prism after a second, and sometimes also a fourth after a third, by all which the image might be often refracted sideways. Newton's Opticks. 4. o: '.time. deligh after ill, and after pain delight; Ao. like the ... of day and night. Dryden's Fables. We shall examine the ways of conveyance of the sovereignty of Adam to princes that were to reign after him. locke. 5. According to. He that thinketh Spain our over-match, is no good mint-man, but takes greatness of kingdoms according to bulk and currency, and not after their intrinsic value. a cont4. In imitation of. ere are, among the old Romans statues, several of Venus, in different postures and habits; as there are many particular figures of her made ofter the same design. Addison's Italy. This allusion is after the oriental manner: thus, in the Psalms, how frequently are 8. compared to cedars. Pope's Odyssey. A'. Tek. adv. 1. In succeeding time. It is used of time mentioned as succeeding some other. So we cannot say, I shall be happy after, but hereafter ; but we say, I was first made miserable by the loss, but was after happier. Far be it from me, to justify the cruelties which were at first used towards them, which had their reward soon after. Bacon. Those, who from the pit of hell Roaming to seek their prey on earth, durst fix Their seats long after next the seat of God, Paradise Lost.

3. Fellowing another. Let hold, when a great wheel runs down ..i. so it break thy neck with following it; but the great one that goes upward, let lim draw thee after. Shai peare's King Lear. AFTER is compounded with many words, but almost always in its genuine and primitive signification: some, which occurred, will follow, by which others may be lained. A:...o.os. n. . [from after and acceptation.] A sense afterward, not at first admitted. WOL. I.

'Tis true, some doctors in a scantier space, . I mean, in each apart, contract the place: Some, who to greater length extend the line, The church's after-acceptation join. Dryden. A'FTE RA GE's m. s. [from after and ages.] Successive times; posterity. Of this word I have found no singular; but see not why it might not be said, This will the done on some afterage. Not the whole, land, which the Chusites should or might, in future time, conquer; seeing, in afteroges, they became lords of many nations. Raleigh's History of the World. Nor to philosophers is praise deny'd,....: Whose wise instructions ofterages guide. Dehbām. What an opinion will afterages, entertain of their religion, who bid fair for a gibbet, to bring in a superstition, which their forefathers perished in flames to keep out? daison. A'ft ER-All. When all has been taken into the view ; when there remains nothing more to be added; at last; in fine; in conclusion; upon the whole; at the most. They have given no good proof in asserting this extravagant principle; for which, after all, they have no ground or colour, but a passage or two of scripture, miserably perverted, in opposition to many express texts. Atterbury. But, after all, if they have any merit, it is to be attributed to some good old authors, whose works I study. Pope on Pastoral Poetry. A'ft ER B1 RT R. r. s. [from after and .#r.b.] 'The membrane, in which the birth was involved, which is brought - away after ; the secundine. The exorbitancies or degenerations, whether from a hurt in labour, or from part of the afirrbirth left behind, produce such virulent distempers of the blood, as make it cast out a tumour. ". . , Wiseman's Surgery. A/ft ERCLA P. n.s.. [from after and clap.] Unexpected events happening after an affair is supposed to be at an end. For the next morrow's mead, they closely , - -- went, * - ... For fear of fierclaps to prevent. Hulberd, Tale. It is commonly taken jn an ill sense. A’Frch cosor. m. s. [from after and cost.] The latter charges; the expence-incurred after the original plan is rexecuted. . . ." . . . You must take care to carry off the landfloods and streams, before you attempt draining; lest your aftercost and labour prove unsuccessful. - . Mortimer's Husbandry. A’FTER C R op. m. . [from after and crop.] The second crop or harvest of the same year. - ** Aftercrops. I think neither good for the land, nor yet the hay good for the cattle. Mertimer. A“FTER-DIN N E R. m. s. [from aft, r and dinner.] The hour passing just after dinner, which is generally allowed to indulgence and amusement. - Thou hast nor youth nor age, But, as it were, an after-dinner's sleep, Dreaming on both. Słakopart.

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7% A'FTEREYE. v. a. [from after and eye.] To keep one in view; to follow in view. Not in use. Thou shouldst have made him As little as a crow, or less, ere left To after ye him. Shakspeare's Cymbeline. A’FTER GAM E. m. s. [from after and †: The scheme which may be aid, or the expedients which are practised, after the original design has miscarried; methods taken after the first turn of affairs. This earl, like certain vegetables, did bud and n slowly; nature sometimes delighting to an aftergame, as well as fortune, which had their turns and tides in course. Wotton. The fables of the axe-handle and the wedge, serve to precaution us not to put ourselves needlessly upon an aftergame, but to weigh beforehand what we say and do. L'Estrange's Fables. Our first design, my friend, has prov'd abor

tive stillthere remains an aftergame to play. Addison. A’FTER Hou Rs. n. 4. [from after, and Bours.] The hours that succeed. So smile the heav'ns upon this holy act, That afterbour, with sorrowchide us not. Shak: A'FTER-live R. n. 4. [from after and Iive..] He that lives in succeeding times. By thee my promise sent Unto myself, let after-fivers know. Sidney. After lov E. n. 3. [from after and love.] The second or later love. Intended, or committed, was this fault? If but the first, how heinous e'er it be, To win thy after-love, I pardon thee. Skałop. A'fter MATH. n... [from after and math, from now.] The latter math ; the second crop of grass, mown in autumn. See AFTERCROP. A’rt ER Noon. n.s.. [from after and noon.] The time from the meridian to the evening. A beauty-waining and distressed widow, Ev’n in the afternoon of her best days, Made prize and purchase of his wanton eye. Shakspeare's Richard 111. However, keep the lively taste you hold Of God; and love him new, but fear him more;

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Such, all the morning, to the pleadings run; But, when the bus'ness of the day is done,

On dice, and drink, and drabs, they spend the afternoon. Dryden's Persiur. A’FTER PA1 Ns. n.s.. [from after and pain.] The pains after birth, by which women are delivered of the secundine. A'FTERPART. n.s.. [from after and part.] The latter part. The flexibleness of the former part of a man's age, not yet grown up to be headstrong, makes it more governable and safe; and, in the afterpart, reason and foresight begin a little to take place, and mind a man of his safety and imrovement, Locke. A’FTER P Roof. n.s.[from after and proof.] 1. Evidence posterior to the thing in question. 2. Qualities known by subsequent experience. 3. . that he . at first was . under the expectation of his afterp ; such a solar is:there is in the *::::::: Wotton, A'FTERTAst E. n.s. (from after and taste.] A taste remaining upon the tongue after the draught, which was not perceived in the act of drinking. A'ft ER thought. n.s.. [from after and thought.] Reflections after the act; expedients formed too late. It is not properly to be used for second thought. Expence, and afterthought, and idle care, And doubts of motley hue, and dark despair; Suspicions, and fantastical surmise, Andjealousy suffus'd with jaundice in her eyes, Discolouring all she view'd, in tawny dress'd, Downlook'd and with a cuckow on her fist. Dryden's Fables. A’FTER TIMEs. n.s.. [from after and time.] Succeeding times. See AFTERA Ges. You promis'd once a progeny divine Of Romans, rising from the Trojan line, In {j should hold the world in awe, And to the land and ocean give the law. DrydenA’FTERT ossi N G. m. s. [from after and toss.] The motion of the sea after a Storm. Confusions and tumults are only the impotent remains of an unnatural rebellion, and are no more than the aftertaisings of a sea when the storm is laid. Addison's Freeholder. A/FTERw A R D. adv. [from after and peanb, Sax.]. In succeeding, time : sometimes written afterwards, but less properly. Uses not thought upon before, may afterzeard ing up, and be reasonable causes of retaining t, which former considerations did formerly procure to be instituted. Hoeker. An anxious distrust of the divine goodness,

makes a man *more and more unworthy of it : and miserable beforehand, for fear of being so afterward. L'Estrange.

A/Fter wit. n.s.. [from after and wir.] The contrivance of expedients after the

occasion of using them is past. See At FERT Hou GHT. There is norecalling what's gone and past: so

that afterwit comes too late, when the mischief is done. LBitrange. A'fterwr At H. n. . [from after and wrath.] Anger when the provocation seems past. I hear him mock The luck of Caesar, which the gods give men To excuse their afterwrath. Shakspeare. A"GA. m. s. The title of a Turkish military officer. AGA'i N. adv. [agen, Sax.] 1. A second time; once more; marking the repetition of the same thing. poor remnant of human seed, which remained in their mountains, peopled their country again slowly, by little and little. Bacon. Should Nature's self invade the world again, And o'er the centre spread the liquid main, Thy pow'r were safe. Waller. Go now, deluded man, and seek again New toils, new dangers, on the dusty plain. Dryden’s AFneid. Some are already retired into ion countries; and the rest who possess lands, are determined never to hazard them again, for the sake of establishing their superstition. Swift. 2. On the other hand; marking some opposition or contrariety. His wit increased upon the occasion; and so much the more, if the occasion were sharpened with danger. Again, whether it were the shortness of his foresight, or the strength of his will, certain it is, that the perpetual trouble of his fortunes could not have i. without defects in is nature. Bacon. Those things that we know not what to do withal, if we had them; and those things, again, which another cannot part with, but to his own loss and shame. L'Estrange's Fables. 3. On another part ; marking a transition to some new consideration. Behold yon mountain's hoary height, Made higher with new mounts of snow; Again, behold the winter's weight Oppress the lab'ring woods below. Dryden. 4. In return ; noting reaction, or reciprocal action; as, his fortune worked upon his nature, and his nature again upon his fortune. 5. Back; in restitution. When your head did but ake, I knit my hadkerchief about your brows; The best I had, a princess wrought it me, And I did never ask it you again. Shaksp. 6. In return for any thing; in recompence. That he hath given will he pay again. Proverbr. 7. In order of rank or succession; marking distribution. §: was asked of Demosthenes. What was the chief part of an orator? He answered, Action. What next? Action. What next again? Action. Bacon's #. The cause of the holding green, is the close and compact substance of their leaves, and the redicles of them; and the cause of that again is either the tough and viscous juice of the plant, or the strength and heat thereof. ...too. 3. Besides; in any other time or place. They have the Walloons, who are tall soldiers; yet that is but a spot of ground. . But, on the other side, there is not in the world again such a

spring and seminary of brave milita exag in England, j and Ireland. ry pe acost9. Twice as much ; marking the same uantity once repeated. here are whom heav'n has blest with store of wit, Yet want as much again to manage it; For wit and judgment ever are at strife, Tho' meant each other's aid, like man and wife. ofI should not be sorry to see a chorus . theatre more than as large and as deep again as ours, built and adorned at a king's charges. Dryden. 10. Again and again ; with frequent repetition ; often. This is not to be obtained by one or two hasty . readings: it must be repeated again and again, with a close attention to the tenour of the discourse. - Locke. 11. In opposition; by way of resistance. Who art thou that answerest again f Romans. 12. Back; as returning from some message. ring us word again which way we shall go. Deuteronomy. AGA'1Nst. prep. [ængeon, onzeonb, Sax.] 1. In opposition to any person. And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him. Genesis. 2. Contrary; opposite, in general. That authority of men should prevail with men either against or above reason, is no part of our belief. ooker. He is melancholy without cause, and merry against the hair. Shakspeare. We might work any effect without and against matter; and this not holpen by the co-operation of angels or spirits, i. only by the unity and harmony of nature. Bacon's Natural History. The preventing goodness of God does even wrest him from himself, and save him, as it were, against his will. South. The god, uneasy till he †: . Resolv'd at once to rid himselfo pain ; And, tho' against his custom, call'd aloud. Dryden. Men often say a thing is against their conscience, when really it is not. Swift's Miscel. 3. In contradiction to any opinion. After all that can be said against a thing, this will still be true, that many things possibly are, which we know not of; and that many more things may be than are ; and if so, after all our arguments against a thing, it will be uncertain whether it be or not. Tillotson. The church-clergy have written the best collection of tracts against popery that ever o: ed in England. wift. 4. With contrary motion or tendency : used of material action. Boils and plagues Plaister you o'er, that one infect another Against the wind a mile. Shakspeare's Coriolanur. he kite being a bird of prey, and therefore hot, delighteth in the fresh air; and many times flieth against the wind, as trouts and salmons swim against the stream. Assow. 5. Contrary to rule ë. law.

If aught against o life Thy country sought of thee, it sought unjustly, Against the law of nature, law of nations. Milton. Against the public sanctions of the peace, Against all omens of their ill success, #. fates averse, the rout in arms resort, To force their monarch, and insult the court. Dryden. 6. Opposite to, in place. gainst the Tiber's mouth, but far away. Dryden. 7. To the hurt of another. See sense 5. And, when thou think'st of her eternity, Think not that death against her nature is; Think it a birth and when thougo'st to die, Sing like a swan, as if thou went'st to bliss. Sir j. Davies. 8. In provision for; in expectation of. This mode of speaking probably had its original from the idea of making provision against, or in opposition to, a time of misfortune, but by degrees acquired a neutral sense. It sometimes has the case elliptically suppressed ; as, against he comes, that is, against the time when he comes. Thence she them brought into a stately hall, Wherein were many tables fair dispread, And ready dight with drapets festival, 4. the viands should be ministred. Fairy Q. he like charge was given them against the time they should come to settle themselves in the land promised unto their fathers. Hooker. esay, that ever gainst that season comes, Wherein our Saviour's birth is celebrated, The bird of dawning singeth all night long; And then they say no spirit walks abroad; The nights are wholesome, then no planets Strike; No fairy takes, no witch hath power to charm; So hallow'd and so gracious is the time. Shakop. To that , he made haste to Bristol that all things might be ready against the prince game thither. Clarendon. Against the promis'd time provides with care, And hastens in the woof the robes he was to wear. Dryden. All which I grant to be reasonably and truly said, and only desire they may be remembered against another day. o: A’GALAxy. n.s.. [from a and ydar...] Want of milk. Dict. Ag A'PE. adv. [from a and gape.] Staring with eagerness, as a bird gapes for Imeat.

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in medicine: the male grows on oaks, the female on larches. There are two excrescences which grow upon trees, both of them in the nature of mushrooms: the one the Romans call boletus, which groweth upon the roots of oaks, and was one of the dainties of their table; the other is medicinal, that is called agarick, which groweth upon the tops of oaks; though it be affirmed by some, that it groweth also at the roots. Bacon. AGA'st. adj. [This word, which is usually, by later authors, written aghast, is not improbably the true word, derived from agaze, which has been written aghast. from a mistaken etymology. See AGH ast.] Struck with terrour ; amazed ; frighted to astonishment. Thus roving on In confus'd march forlorn, th' advent'rous bands With shudd'ring horrour Pale, and eyes agait, View'd first their lamentable lot, and found No rest. Milton's Paradise Last. A/GATE. n. 4. [agate, Fr. achates, Lat.] A precious stone of the lowest class, often clouded with beautiful variegations. In shape no bigger than an agate stone, On the forefinger of an alderman. Shakspeare. Agates are only varieties of the flint kind; they have a grey horny ground, clouded, lineated, or spotted with different colours, chiefly dusky, black, brown, red, and sometimes blue. Woodw. A'o. At v. adj. [from agate.] Partaking of the nature of agate. An agaty flint was above two inches in diameter; the whole covered over with a friable Cretaceous crust, PWoodward. To A GA’z E. v. a. [from a and gaze, to set a gazing ; as, amaze, amuse, and i. To strike with amazement; to stupify with sudden terrour. The verb is now out of use. So as they travell'd so they 'gan esp An armed knight toward them gallop fast, That seemed from some feared foe to fly, Or other grisly thing that him agast. Fairy Queen. AGA'z ED. participial adj. , LFrom agaze; which see..] Struck with amazement; terrified to stupidity. Hundreds he sent to hell, and none durst stand him; Here, there, and overy where, enrag'd he flew: The French, exclaim , “ The devil was in arms : All the whole army stood agazed on him. Shak. AGE. n. 4. [age, Fr. anciently, eage or aage: it is deduced by Menage from artatium, of arta. by junius, from aa, which, in the Teutonic dialects, signified long duration.] 1. Any period of time attributed to something, as the whole, or part, of its duration : in this sense we say, the age of man, the several ages of the world, the golden or iron age. One man in his time plays many parts, His life being seven ager. Shakspears.

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