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There is something wonderfully divine in the airs of this picture. Addison on Italy. Yet should the Graces all thy figures place, And breathe an air divine on ev'ry face. Pope. 14. An affected or laboured manner or gesture, as a lofty air, a gay air. Whom Ancus follows with a fawning air; But vain within, and Proudly popular. Dryden. There are of these sort of beauties, which last but for a moment; as, the different airs of an assembly, upon the sight of an unexpected and uncommon object, some particularity of a violent passion, some graceful action, a smile, a glance of an eye, a disdainful look, a look of gravity, and a thousand other such like things. Dryden's Dufresnoy. Their whole lives were empsoyed in intrigues of state, and they naturally give themselves airs kings and princes, of which the ministers of other nations are only the representatives. Addison's Remarks on Italy. To curl their waving hairs, Assist their blushes, and inspire their airs. Pope. He assumes and affects an entire set of very different airs; he conceives himself a being of a superiour nature. Swift. 15. Appearance. it was communicated with the air of a secret, it soon found its way into the world. Pope. 16. [In horsemanship.] Airs denote the artificial or practised motions of a managed horse. Chambers. To AIR. v. a. [from the noun air.] 1. To expose to the air ; to open to the
air. The others make it a matter of small commendation in itself, if they, who wear it, do nothing else but air the robes, which their place requireth. Flooker. eas breed principally of straw or mats, where there # been a Éti. moisture, or the chamber and bed-straw kept close, and, not aired. &on. We have had, in our time, experience twice or thrice, when both the judges that sat upon the jail, and numbers of those that attended the usiness, or were present, sickened upon it, and died. Therefore it were good wisdom, that, in such cases, the jail were aired before they were brought forth. Bacon's Natural History. As the ants were airing their provisions one winter, up comes a hungry grasshopper to them and begs a charity. 'Estrange's Fables. Or wicker-baskets weave, or air the corn. Dryden's Virgil. *To gratify, by enjoying the open air: with the reciprocal pronoun. Nay, stay a little— ere you but riding forth to air yourself, Such parting were too petty. Skałpeare. I ascended the highest hisis of Bagdat, in order to pass the rest of the day in meditation and Player. As I was here airing myselfon the tops of the mountains, I fell into a profound contemion on the vanity of human life. Spectator. 3. To air liquors; to warm them by the re: a term used in conversation. 4. To breed in nests. In this sense, it is delived from aerie, a nest. Out of use. You may add their busy, dangerous, discouryea and sometimes despiteful stealing,
one from another, of the eggs and young ones; who, if they were allowed to air naturally and quietly, there would be store sufficient, to kill hot only the partridges, but even all the good housewives chickens in a country. Carew's Surv. of Cornwall. A/IRBL ADDER. n. s. [from air and bladder.] 1. Any cuticle or vesicle filled with air. The pulmonary artery and vein pass along the surfaces of these airbladders, in an infinite number of ramifications. Arbuthnot on Aliments. 2. The bladder in fishes, by the contraction and dilatation of which, they vary the properties of their weight to that of their bulk, and rise or fall. Though the airbladderin fishes seems necessary for swimming, yet some are so formed as to swim without it. Cudworth. A/IR BUILT. adj. . [from air and build.] Built in the air; without any solid foundation. Hence the fool's paradise, the statesman's
scheme The airbuilt castle, and the golden dream, The maid's romantick wish, the chymist's flame, And poet's vision of eternal fame. Pope. A’IRD Raw N. adj. [from air and drawn.] Po §: painted in . No. used. is the nting of your tear Touria, Led you to Duncan- Sbalipeare. A'iRER. m. s. [from To air.] He that exposes to the air. A/IR Hole. n.s.. [from air and hole..] A hole to admit the air. A/IRIN Ess. n. 4. [from airy.] 1. Openness; exposure to the air. 2. Lightness; gayety ; levity. The French have indeed taken worthy pains to make classick learning speak their language; if they have not succeeded, it must be imputed to a certain talkativeness and airiness represented in their tongue, which will never agree with the sedateness of the Romans, or the solemnity of the Greeks. Æelton. A/IR IN G. n.s.. [from air.] A short journey or ramble to enjoy the free air. This little fleet serves only to fetch them wine and corn, and to give their ladies an airing in the summer season. iron. A's RLEss. adj. [from air.] Wanting communication with the free air. Nor stony tower, nor walls of beaten brass, Nor airless dungeon, nor strong links of iron, Can be retentive to the strength of spirit. Shak. A/IR LIN G. n. 4. [from air, for gayety.] A young, light, thoughtless, gay, person. Some more there be, slight airlings, will be
won With dogs, and horses, and perhaps a whore. - Ben jonton. A'ir pump. m. s. [from air and pump.] A machine by whose means the air is exhausted out of properyessels. The principle on which it is built, is the elasticity of the air; as that on which the waterpump is founded, is on the gravity of the air. The invention of this curious instrument is ascribed to Otto de Guerick, consul of Magdebourg, in 1654. But his machine laboured under several defects; the force necessary to work it was very great, and the progress very slow ; it was to be kept under water, and allowed of no change of subjects for experiments. Mr. Boyle, with the assistance of Dr. Hooke, removed several inconveniencies; though, still, the working was laborious, by reason of the pressure of the atmosphere at every exsuction. This labour has been since removed by Mr. Hawksbee: who, by adding a second barrel and piston, to rise as the other fell, and fall as it rose, made the pressure of the atmosphere on the descending one of as much service as it was of disservice in the ascending one. Vream made a further improvement, by reducing the alternate motion of the hand and winch to a circular one. Chambers. The air that, in exhausted receivers of airpumpf, is exhaled from minerals and flesh, and fruits, and liquors, is as true and genuine as to elasticity and density, or rarefaction, as that we respire in; and yet this factitious air is so for from being fit to be breathed in, that it kills animals in a moment, even sooner than the absence of air, or a vacuum itself. Bentley.
Aoi Rs H.A.F.T. n. 4. [from air and shaft.] A passage for the air into mines and subterraneous places. By the sinking of an airshaft, the air hath liberty to circulate, and carry out the streams both of the miner's breath and the damps, which would otherwise stagnate there. Ray. A(IRY. adj. [from air; aereus, Lat.] 1. Composed of air. The first is the transmission, or emission, of the thinner and more airy Parts of bodies; as, in odours and infections: and this is, of all the rest, the most corporeal. Bacon. 2. Relating to the air; belonging to the , alt. ... There are fishes that have wings, that are no strangers to the airy region. . Boyle. 3. High in air. Whole rivers here forsake the fields below, And, wond'ring at their height, through airy - channels flow. dadison. 4. Open to the free air. Joy'd to range abroad in fresh attire Thrö'the wide compass of the airy coast. Spenter. 5. Light as air; thin; unsubstantial ; without solidity. I hold ambition of so airy and light a quality, that it is but a shadow's shadow. Shafipeare. Still may the dog the wand'ring troops constrain Of airy ghosts, and vex the guilty train. Dryden. 6. Wanting reality ; having no steady foundation in truth or nature ; vain; trifling.
A"JUTAGE. m. s. [ajutage, Fr.] An additional pipe to waterworks. Dict. To A K E v. n. [from ox3-, and therefore more grammatically written acbe.] 1. To feel a lasting pain, generally of the internal parts; distinguished from smart, which iscommonly used of uneasiness in the external parts; but this is no accurate account. To sue, and be deny'd, such common grace, My wounds ake at you! Shakspeare. Let our finger ake, and it endues Our other healthful members with a sense Of pain. Shakspeare. Were the pleasure of drinking accompanied, the very moment, with that sick stomach and aking head, which, in some men, are sure to follow, I think no body would ever let wine touch his lips. coke. His limbs must age, with daily toils opprest, Ere long-wish'd night brings necessary rest. Prior. 2. It is frequently applied, in an improper sense, to the heart; as, the heart akes ; to imply grief or fear. Shakspeare has used it, still more licentiously, of the 'soul. My soulak-r To know, when two authorities are up, Neither supreme, how soon confusion May enter. Shaospeare's Coriolanus. ere shame dissuades him, there his feat prevails, And each, by turns, his aking heart assails...A. iii. Aki's ad. [from a and kin.] 1. Related to; allied by blood: used of persons. I do not envy thee, Pamela; only I wish, that, being thy sister in nature, I were not so far off atin in fortune. Sidney. 2. Allied to by nature; partaking of the some properties: used of things. The cankered passion of envy is nothing akin to the silly envy of the ass. L'Extra-ge's Fables. Some limbs again in bulk or stature Unlike, and not assin by nature, la concert act, like modern friends, ause one serves the other's ends. Prior. * separates it from questions with which it may have been complicated, and distinguishes it from questions which may be akin to it. Watts. to ATTLE, AD LE, do all seem to be corruptions of the Saxon aepel, noble, famous; as also, Alling and Adling, are corruptions of aejoeling, noble, o; Jamous. Al, Ald, being initials, are derived the Saxon ealb, ancient ; and so, oftentimes, the initial all, being melted by the Normans from the Saxon ealb. Gibson’s Camden. A'LABAst ER. m. s. [...orov.] A kind of $ost marble, easier to cut, and less durable, than the other kinds; some is white, which is most common; some of the colour of horn, and transparent ; some yellow, like honey, marked with veins. The ancients used it to make boxes for perfumes. Savary. Yet I'll not shed her blood, Nor scar that whiter skin of her's than snow, And smooth as monumental alabaster. Shaksp. ** B Ast ER. adj. Made of alabaster. I cannot forbear mentioning part of an alaor column, found in the ruins of Livia's Portico. It is of the colour of fire, and may be seen over the high altar of St. Maria in Campifello; for they have cut it into two pieces, and fixed it, in the shape of a cross, in a hole of the ; so that i. light passing through it, Fiakes it look, to those in the church, i. d e transparent cross of amber. - Addison on Italy. ALA’ck. interject. [This word seems only the corruption of alas.] Alas; an expression of sorrow. 4|ack! when once our grace we have forgot, Nothing goes right; we would, and we would nct. Shai peare's Measure for Measure. At thunder now no more I start, Than at the rumbling of a cart: ay, what's incredible, alaek/ I hardly hear a woman's clack. Swift. Ala'ck a day. interjection. . [This, like the former, is for alas the day.] A word noting sorrow and melancholy. Ata'chiously. adv. [from alacrious, supposed to be formed from alacris ; but of alarrious I have found no example..] Cheerfully 3, without dejection. Fo alarriously expired, in confidence
that he left behind him a perpetual memory of the victories he had atchieved for his country. - Government of the Tongue. ALA’c RITY. m. s. salacritas, Lat.] Cheerfulness, expressed by some outward token ; sprightliness; gayety ; liveliness; cheerful willingness. These orders were, on all sides, yielded unto with no less alacrity of mind, than cities, unable to hold out any longer, are wont to shew when they take conditions, such as it liketh him to offer them, which hath them in the narrow straits of advantage. Hooker. Give me a bowl of wine; I have not that alacrity of spirit, Nor cheer of mind, that I was wont to have. . Shakspeare. He, glad that now his sea should find a shore, With fresh alacrity, and force renew’d, Springs upward. Milton's Paradise Lost. Never did men more joyfully obey, Or sooner understood the sign to fly ; With such alacrity they bore away, As if, to praise them, all the states stood by. - Dryden. ALA'MIRF. m. s. The lowest note but one in Guido Aretine's scale of musick. ALA MO'D E. adv. ; la mode, Fr.] ACcording to the fashion: a low word. It is used likewise by shopkeepers for a kind of thin silken manufacture. ALA'N D. adv. [from a for at, and land.] At land; landed; on the dry ground. He only, with the prince his cousin, were cast aland, far off from the place whither their desires would have guided them. Sidney. Three more fierce Eurus, in his angry . Dash'd on the shallows of the moving sand, And, in mid ocean, left them moor'd aland. Dryden. ALATM. m. s. [from the French, a l'arme, to arms; as, crier a l'arme, to call to arms.] 1. A cry by which men are summoned to their arms; as, at the approach of an enemy. When the congregation is to be gathered together, you shall blow, but you shall not so an alarm. Numbers. God himself is with us for our captain, and his priests with sounding trumpets, to cry alarms against you. Chronicler. The trumpet's loud clangour Fxcites us to arms, With shrill notes of anger, And mortal alarms. Dryden. Taught by this stroke, renounce the war's alarms, And learn to tremble at the name of arms. Pope. 2. A cry, or notice, of any danger approaching ; as, an alarm of fire. 3. Any tumult or disturbance. Crowds of rivals, for thy mother's charms, Thy palace fill with insults and alarms. Pope. To ALA'R.M. v. a. [from alarm, the noun.] 1. To call to arms. - 2. To disturb; as, with the approach of an enemy. H
- The wasp the hive alrm; With louder hums, and with unequal arms. Addison. 3. To surprise with the apprehension of an. danger. 'hen rage misguides me, or when fear alarms, When pain distresses, or when pleasure charms. Tickell. 4. To disturb in general. His son, Cupavo, brush'd the briny flood; Upon his stern a brawny Centaur stood, Who heav'd a rock, and threat'ning still to throw, With lifted hands, alarm'd the seas below. Dryd. ALA’RM BE L L. n.s.. [from alarm and bell.] The bell that is rung at the approach of an enemy. Th' alarmbellrings from our Alhambra walls, And, from the streets, sound drums and ataballes. Dryden. ALA'RMING. particip. adj. [from alarm.] Terrifying ; awakening ; surprising ; as, an alarming message ; an alarming pain. 'Al A'RM fost. n.s.. [from alarm and post.] The post or place appointed to each body of men to appear at, when an alarm shall happen. Al A'RUM. m. s. [corrupted, as it seems, from alarm. See ALARM.] Now are our brows bound with victorious wreaths, Our bruised arms hung up for monuments, Our stern alarums chang'd to merry meetings. Shakspeare. That Almatro might better hear, She sets a drum at either ear; And loud or gentle, harsh or sweet, Are but th' alarums which they beat. Prior. To Al A'RUM. v. a. [corrupted from To alarm.] See A1. A R M. - Withered murder (Alarum'd by his sentinel the wolf, Whose howl's his watch) thus with his stealthy
.ice Moo like a ghost. Shakspeare. Ala's. interject. [helas, Fr. eylaes, Dutch..] 1. A word expressing lamentation, when we use it of ourselves. But yet, alai o O but yet, alai o our haps be but hard haps. - Sidney. Alar, how little from the grave we claim! Thou but preserv'st a form, and I a name. Pope. 2. A word of pity, when used of other persons. - Alas ! poor Protheus, thou hast entertain'd A fox to be the shepherd of thy lambs. Shaksp. 3. A word of sorrow and concern, when used of things. 'i bus saith the Lord God, smite with thine hand, and stamp with thy foot, and say, Alas ! for all the evil abominations of the house of
Israel. Ezekiel. Ala, 1 both for the deed, and for the cause! Milton.
Ala, Z for pity of this bloody field; Piteous indeed must be, when I, a spirit, Cam have so soft a sense of human woes. Dryd.
AL as THE DAY. interject, Ah, unhappy day ! }. the day / I never gave him cause. Slal, Aias a day's you have ruined, my poor mo" tress: you have made a gap in her reputation; and can you blame her, if she make it up with her husband? Congress. Al as T H E w HILE. interject. Ah, unhappy time ! Alf as the sheep, such was the shepherd's look; For pale and wan he was sala, the while !) May seem he lov'd, or else some care he took. Spenter. ALA’re. adv. [from a and late.] Lately ; no long time ago. Al B. n.s.. [album, Lat.] A surplice; a white linen vestment worn by priests. Albe. adv. [a coalition of words Albe’it. § all be it so. Skinner.] Although ; notwithstanding ; though it should be. Ne would he suffer sleep once thitherward Approach, alte his drowsy den was next. Spenter. This very thing is cause sufficient, why duties, belonging to each kind of virtue, albeit the law of reason teach them, should, notwithstanding, be prescribed even by human law. Ficolor. One whose eyes Albeit unused to the melting mood, Drop tears, as fast as the Arabian trees Their medicinal gum. Séakspears. He, who has a probable belief that he sha\ meet with thieves in such a road, thinks himself to have reason enough to decline it, albeit he is sure to sustain some less, though yet considerable, inconvenience by his so doing. South. AL BU G 1'N Eous. adj. Lalbugo, Lat.] Resembling the white of an egg. Eggs will freeze in the albuginegus part thereof. Brown's Pulgar Erreurs. I opened it by incision, giving vent first to an albugineous, then to white concocted matter: upon which the tumour sunk. isoer. ALBU'GO. m. s. [Lat.] A disease in the eye, by which the cornea contracts a , whiteness. The same with leucoma. A’lbur N colou R. m. s. See Au Bu Rs. A’lca Hest. m. s. An Arabick word, to express an universal dissolvent, pretended to by Paracelsus and Helmont. Sotiroy. Alcaid. ". . [from al, Arab, and T-77, the head.] 1. In Barbary, the governour of a castle. -" Th" alcaid 8huns me, and with a grim civility, Bows, and declines my walks. Dryder. 2. In Spain, the judge of a city, first instituted by the Saracens. Du Cange. ALCANNA. m. s. An Egyptian plant used in dying ; the leaves making a yellow, infused in water, and a red in acid liquors. The root of alcanna, though green, will give a red stain. Brown's Pulgar Errors. Alchy'Mica L. adj. [from alchyrny.] Relăting to alchymy; produced by alchymy.
The rose-noble, then current for six shillings and eight pence, the alchymists do affirm as an unwritten verity, was made by projection or multiplication althymical of Raymond Lully in the tower of London. Camden's Remains. Alchy'Mically. adv. [from alchymical.] In the manner of an alchymist; by means of alchymy. Raymond Lully would prove it althynically. Camden. A’lchy Mist. n.s.. [from alchymy.] One who pursues or professes the science of alchymy. To solemnize this day, the glorious sun Stays in his course, and plays the alchymist, Turning, with splendour of his precious eye, The meagre cloddy earth to glittering gold. Shakspeare. Every alchynist knows, that gold will endure a vehement fire for a long time without any change; and after it has been divided by corrosive liquors into invisible parts, yet may presently be precipitated, so as to appear in its own form. Grew. A'LCHYMY. m. s. [of al, Arab. and xo~..] 1. The more sublime and occult part of chymistry, which proposes for its ob: ject the transmutation of metals, and other important operations. There is nothing more dangerous than this deluding art, which changeth the meaning of words, as alchymy doth, or would do, the substance of metals; maketh of anything what it listeth, and bringeth, in the end, all truth to nothing. Hooker. O he sits high in all the people's hearts; And that ...; would appear offence in us, His countenance, like richest alchymy, Will change to virtue and to worthiness. Shahr. Compared to this, All honour's mimick, all wealth alchymy. Donne. 3. A kind of mixed metal used for spoons, and kitchen utensils. White alchymy is made of pan-brass one pound, and arsenicum three ounces; or alchymy is made of copper and auripigmentum. Bacon. They bid cry, With trumpet's regal sound, the great result: Tow'rds the four winds, four speedy cherubims Put to their mouths the sounding alchymy, By herald's voice explain'd. Milton's Par. Lost. A'LCOHOL. n. 4. An Arabick term used by chymists for a high rectified dephlegmated spirit of wine, or for any thing reduced into an impalpable powder. Quincy. If the same salt shall be reduced into alcohol, as the chymists speak, or an impalpable powder, the particles and intercepted spaces . be extremely lessened. Boyle. Sal volatile oleosum will coagulate the serum wn account of the alcohol, or rectified spirit which it contains. Alcoholization. n.s.. [from alcoholize.] The act of alcoholizing or rectifying spirits; or of reducing bodies to an impalpable powder. To A'lco Holizt. v. a. [from alcobol.] *. To make an alcohol ; that is, to
leaves resembling those of the hazel ; the male flowers, or katkins, are produced at remote distances from the fruit, on the same tree; the fruit is squamose, and of a conical figure. The species are, 1. The common or roundleaved alder. 2. The long-leaved alder. 3. The scarlet alder. These trees delight in a very moist soil. The wood is used by turners, and will endure long under ground, or in water. Miller. Without the grot, a various sylvan scene Appear'd around, and groves of living green;Poplars and alders ever quiv'ring play'd, And nodding cypress form'd a fragrant shade. Pope's Odyssey.