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2. In the following passage it is, I think, improperly used. But if the trumpet’s clangour you abhor, And dare not be an alderman of war, Take to a shop, behind a counter lie. Dryden. A’lde RMAN ly, adv. [from alderman.] Like an alderman ; belonging to an alderman. These, and many more, suffered death, in envy to their virtues and superior genius, wo emboldened them, in exigencies (wanting an aldermanly discretion) to attempt service out of the common forms. Swift's Miscellanies. A'Loeb N. adj. [from alder.] Made of alder. Then aldern boats first plow'd the ocean. May. ALE. n.s. seale, Sax. 1. A liquor made by infusing malt in hot water, and then fermenting the liquor. You must be seeing christenings. Do you look for ale and cakes here, you rude rascais ? Shakspeare's Henry v1.11. The fertility of the soil in grain, and its being not proper for vines, put the Egyptians upon drinking ale, of which they were the inventors. Arbuthnot. 2. A merry meeting used in country places. And all the neighbourhood, from old records Qf antick proverbs drawn from Whitson lords, And their authorities at wakes and al-, With country precedents, and old wives' tales, We bring you now. Ben Jonson. A'.E HERRY. n. t. Ifrom ale and ierry.] A beverage made by boiling ale with spice and sugar, and sops of bread: a word now only used in conversation. Their aleberries, cawdles, possets, each one, Syllibubs made at the milking pale, But what are composed of a pot of good ale. Beaumont. A’le-BR Ew ER. n.s. (from ale and Brewer.] One that professes to brew ale. : The summer-made malt brews ill, and is disliked by most of our ale-brewers. Mortimer. A'Leco NNER. n. 4. [from ale and con.] An officer in the city of London, whose business is to inspect the measures of publick houses. Four of them are chosen or rechosen annually by the commonhall of the city; and, whatever might be their use formerly, their places are now regarded only as sinecures for decayed citizens. A', ecost. n. 4. [perhaps from ale and costus, Lat.] An herb. Dict. Ale’ct Ryom AN cy, or A1. E'croRoMAN cy. m.s. (3) tol;www and 24,11,..] Divination by a cock. Dict. A'LE GAR. m. ... [from ale and eager, sour.] Sour ale; a kind of acid made by ale, as vinegar by wine, which has lost its , spirit. - -A’s E GER... ads. [allegre, Fr. alarris, Lat.] Gay cheerful; sprightly. Not used. Coffer, the root and leaf betle, and leaf to

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all condense the spirits, and make them strong and al-ger. Bacon's Natural History. A'LE Hoop. m. s. [from ale and hoopo, head..] Ground-ivy, so called by our Saxon ancestors, as being their chief ingredient in ale. An herb. - Aleboof, or groundivy, is, in my opinion, of the most excellent and most general use and viitue, of any plants we have among us. Temple: A/L E. Hous E. m. s. [from ale and house.] A house where ale is publickly sold; a tippling-house. It is distinguished from a tavern, where they sell wine. . Thou most beauteous inn, Why should hard-favour'd grief belodg'd in thee, When triumph is become an althouseguest Shakspear. One would think it should be no easy matter to bring any man of sense in love with an alo. *ouse indeed of so much sense as seeing and smelling amounts to; there being such strons encounters of both, as would quickly send him packing, did not the love of good fellowship reconcile to these nuisances. South. Thee shall each atelouse, thee each gillhouse mourn, And answ'ring ginshops sourer sighs o, goo, A'LEHouse-keeper. n. 4. [from aloboit and keeper.] He that keeps ale publickly to sell. You resemble perfectly the two albeite*eeper, in Holland, who were at the same time burgo-masters of the town, and taxed one another's bills alternately. Letter to Steiff. 'A'; F KN i GHT. n. . [from ale and knight.] A pot-companion; a tippler. Out of use. The old al-knights of England were well depainted by Hanville, in the alehouse-colours of that time. Camden. Al E/M BIck.n, s. A vessel used in distilling, consisting of a vessel placed over a fire, in which is contained the substance to be distilled, and a concave closely fitted on, into which the fumes arise by the heat; this cover has a beak or spout, into which the vapours rise, and by which they pass into a serpentine pipe, which is kept cool by making many convolutions in a tub of water; here the vapours are condensed, and what o the pipe in fumes, comes out in cirops. #. water may be rarified into invisible vapours, yet it is not changed into air, but only startered into minute parts; which meeting together in the alembiri, or in the receiver, do Prosently return into such water as they constituted before. - o Boyle. [from a for at, and length.] At full length; along; stretched along the ground. Al,F'RT. adj. [alerte, Fr. perhaps from alarris, but probably from a Part, according to art or rule.] 1. In the military sense, on guard; watch.

barco, of which the Turks are great takers, do -- ful; vigilant; ready at a call.

3. In the common sense, brisk; pert; Petulant; smart: implying some degree of censure and contemo: I saw an alert young fellow, that cocked his hat upon a friend of his, and accosted him,Well, Jack, the old prig is dead at last. Spectator. Alo'ots ess. n. . [from alert. The quality of being alert; sprightliness; pertness. That alertners and unconcern for matters of Sommon life, a campaign or two would infallibly have given him. Spectator. Attraster. n... [from ale and faster.] An officer appointed in every courtleet, and sworn to look to the assize and the goodness of bread and ale, or beer, within the precincts of that lordship. Cowell. A'Lovat. . . [from ale and vat.] The tubin which the ale is fermented. **w. n.s. Clamour; outcry. 'Not in uSc. Spenser. Attwashed. adj. [from ale and wash. Steeped or soaked in ale. Not in use. ...What a beard of the general's cut, and a horrid suit of the camp, . do among foaming bat

ties and alewaited wits, is wonderful to be thought on. Shakspeare.

A'Lewife. m. . [from ale and wife. A woman that keeps an alehouse. Perhaps he will swagger and hector, and threaten to beat and butor an alewife, or take the goods by force, and throw them down the bad half-pence. Szeft's Draper's Letters. * DERs. n.s.. [smyrnium, Lat.) A plant. Alexander's-foot. n.s. An herb. Alexa's DR is e. m. s. A kind of verse borrowed from the French, first used in a poem called Alexander. They consist, among the French, of twelve and thirteen syllables, in alternate couplets; and, among us, of twelve. Qur numbers should, for the most part, be

lyrical. For variety, or rather where the ma-.

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Nor had the boaster ever risen more, But that Renaldo's horse ev'n then down fell, And with the fall his leg oppress'd so sore, That, for a space, there must he algates dwell. Fairfax. A'LGEBRA. m.s.. [an Arabic word of uncertain etymology; derived, by some, from Geber the philosopher; by some, from gefr, parchment; by others, from algebista, a bonesetter; by Menage, fromalgiabarat, the restitution of things brokem.] A peculiar kind of arithmetick, which takes the quantity sought, whether it be a number or a line, or an other quantity, as if it were granted, and, by means of one or more quantities. given, proceeds by consequence, till the quantity at first only supposed to be. known, or at least some power thereof, is found to be equal to some quantity or quantities which are known, and consequently itself is known. This art was in use among the Arabs long before it came into this part of the world; and they are supposed to have borrowed it from the Persians, and the Persians from: the Indians. The first Greek author of algebra was Diophantus, who, about the year 8oo, wrote thirteen books. In 1494, Lucas Pacciolus, or Lucas deBurgos, a cordelier, printed a treatise of algebra, in Italian, at Venice. He says, that algebra came originally from the Arabs. After several improvements by Vieta, Oughtred, Harriot, Descartes, sir Isaac Newton brought this art to the height at which it still continues. Trevoux. Chambers. It would surely require no very profound skill in algebra, to reduce the difference of ninepences A. thirty songs. zoff. I, GE B R As I C K. A lo E B R A'ic A i.} adj. [from algebra.] 1. Relating to algebra; as, an algebraical treatise. 2. Containing operations of algebra ; as, an algebraical computation. ALG E H R A'ist. n. 4. [from algebra.] A person that understands or practises the science of algebra. When any dead body is found in England, no algebrait or uncipherer can use more subtle suppositions, to find the demonstration or cipher, than every unconcerned person doth to find the murderers. Graunt's Bill of Mortality. Confining themselves to the synthetick and analytick methods of geometricians and al. braits, they have too much narrowed the j. of method, as though every thing were to be treated in mathematical forms. atts' Logick, A'LGID adj. Lalgidus, Lat..] Cold; chill. JDict. A lo 1's IT Y. } m. . [from algid.] ChilA/L G1 DN Ess. ness ; cold. Dict. ALG1'Fic. adi. [from algor, Lat.] That produces cold. JDict.

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A'LGOR. m. s. [Lat.] Extreme cold ; chilness. Dick. A'LGoR is M. 7 n.s.Arabickwords, which A’l Go R1THM. } are used to imply the six operations of arithmetick, or the science of numbers. Dict. AlGo's E. adj. [from algor, Lat.] Extremely cold; chill. Dict. 4'LIAS. adv. A Latin word, signifying otherwise ; often used in the trials of criminals, whose danger has obliged them to change their names; as, Simson, alias Smith, alias Baker; that is, otherwise Smith, otherwise Baker. A’ll ble. adj. [alibilis, Lat.] Nutritive; nourishing; that may be nourished. Diet. A'LIEN. adj. [alienus, Lat.] *|†so or not of the same family or and. The mother plant admires the leaves unknown Of alien trees, and apples not her own. Dryden. From native soil Exil'd by fate, torn from the tender embrace Qf his young guiltless progeny, he seeks Inglorious shelter in an alien land. Philips. 2. Estranged from; not allied to ; adverse to : with the particle from, and sometimes to, but improperly. To declare my mind to the disciples of the fire, by a similitude not alienfrom their profes-lon. - Boyle. The sentiment that arises, is a conviction of the deplorable state of nature, to which sin reduced us; a weak, ignorant creature alien from God and goodness, and a prey to the great destroyer. Rogers' Sermons. They encouraged persons and principles, alien from our religion and government, in order to strengthen their faction. Smith's Miscellany. A'LIES. m. s. [alienus, Lat.]

1. A foreigner; not a denison; a man of

another country or family; one not allied ; a stranger. Hm whomsoever these things are, the church - doth acknowledge them for her children; them only she holdeth for aliens and strangers in whom these things are not found. Booker. If it be prov'd against an alien, He seeks the life of any citizen, The party,’gainst the which he doth contrive, Shall seize on half his goods. Shakspeare. The mere Irish were not only accounted aliens, but enemies, so as it was no capital offence to kill them. Sir j. Davies on Ireland. Thy place in council thou hast rudely lost, Which by thy younger brother is supply'd, And art almost an alien to the hearts Of all the coort and princes of my blood. Shahp. The lawgiver condemned the persons, who sat idle in divisions dangerous to the government, as alions to the community, and therefore to be cut off from it. Addison's Freeholder. 2. In law.

An alies is one born in a strange country, and never enfranchised. A man born out of the land, so if he within the firits beyond the seas, or of English parents out of the king's obedience, so the parents, at the time of the birth, be of the king's obcdience, is not wiza. If one, born out

, of the king's allegiance, come and dwell in England, his children, (if he beget any here) are not aliens, but denisons. Cowell. To A'll EN. v. a. [aliener, Fr. alieno, Lat.) 1. To make any thing the property of another. If the son alien lands, and then repurchase them again in fee, the rules of descents are to be observed, as if he were the original purchaser. ale's Common Law. 2. To estrange; to turn the mind or af. fection ; to make averse: with from. The king was disquieted, when he found that the prince was totally aliened from all thoughts of, or inclination to, the marriage. Clarendon. A’ll E N A B le. adj. [from To alienate.] That of which the property may be transferred. Land is alienable, and treasure is transitory, and both must pass from him, by his own voluntary act, or by the violence of others, or at least by fate. Dennis. To A'li ENATE. v. a. [aliener, Fr. alieno, Lat.] 1. To transfer the property of anything to another. The countries of the Turks were once christian, and members of the church, and where the golden candlesticks did stand, though now they be utterly alienated, and no christians left. Baton. 2. To withdraw the heart or affections: with the particle from, where the first possessor is mentioned. The manner of men's writing must not alienate our hearts from the truth. ficoker. Be it never so true which we teach the world to believe, yet, if once their affections begin wo be alienated, a small thing persuadeth them to change their opinions. Hawker. His eyes survey'd the dark idolatries Of alienated Judah. Milton's Paradise Lost. Any thing that is apt to disturb the world, and to alienate the affections of men from one another, such as cross and distasteful humours, is either expressly, or by clear consequence and deduction, forbidden in the New Testament. ‘Tillefsen. Her mind was quite alienated from the honest Castilian, whom she was taught to look upon as a formal old fellow. Addison. A’ll E N A 1 E. adj. [alienatus, Lat..] Withdrawn from; stranger to: with the particle from. The whigs are damnably wicked; impatient for the death of the queen; ready to gratify their ambition and revenge by all desperate methods; wholly alienate froz truth, law, religion, mercy, conscience, or honour. .S. trift's .kii. ALIENA's ion. n. 4. [alienatio, Lat.] 1. The act of transferring property. This ordinance was for the maintenance of their lands in their posterity, and for excluding all innovation or alienation thereof untostrangers. Spenter's State of Ireland. God put it into the heart of one of our princes, to give a check to sacrilege. Her successour passed a law, which prevented all future afficerpions of the church revenues. Affirror. Great changes and clienations of property, have created new and great dependencies. Swift.

4. The state of being alienated; as, the
estate was wasted during its alienation.
3. Change of affection.
It is left but in dark memory, what was the
F. of his defection, and the alienation of his
eart from the king. acon.
4. Applied to the mind, it means disorder
of the faculties.
Some things are done by man, though not
through outward force and impulsion, though
not against, yet without their wills; as in alien-
attan of mind, or any like inevitable utter ab-
sence of wit and judgment. Hooker.
At'FERous. adj. #. ala and fero, Lat.]
Having wings. irt.

Algerous adj. [aliger, Lat.] Having

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1.To come down, and stop. The word
implies the idea of descending ; as, of a
bird from the wing; a traveller from his
horse or carriage; and generally of rest-
ing or stopping.
There ancient night arriving, did alight
From her high weary waine. Fairy Queen.
There is alighted at your gate
A young Venetian. Shalop. Hofrai.
Slackness breeds worms: but the sure tra-
Though he alight, sometimes, still goethon.
When marching with his foot, he walks till

nught: When with his horse, he never will alight. Denb. When Dedalus, to fly the Cretan shore, His heavy limbs on jointed pinions bore; To the Cumean coast at length he came, And here alighting built this costly frame. Dryd. When he was admonished by #. subject to descend, he came down gently, and circling in the air, and singing to the ground. Like a lark, melodious in her mounting, and continuing her song till she alight: ; still preparing for a higher flight at her next sally. Dryden. - en finish'd was the sight, The victors from their lusty steeds alight; Like them dismounted all the warlike train. Dryden. Should a spirit of superiour rank, a stranger to human nature, alight upon the earth, what would his notions of us be Spectator. It is used also of any thing thrown or falling ; to fall upon. But i. of stones from the proud temple's eight Pour down, and on our batter'd helms alight. #:...

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resemblance ; without difference : in
the same manner; in the same form.
In some expressions it has the appear-
ance of an adjective, but is always an
The darkness hideth not from thee; but the
night shineth as the day; the darkness and the
light are both alike to thee. Psalar.
With thee conversing I forget all time;
All seasons, and their change, all please alika
Milton's Paradise Lost.
Riches cannot rescue from the grave,
Which claims alike the monarch and the slave.
- IDryden.
Let us unite at least in an equal zeal for those
capital doctrines, which we all equally embrace,
and are alike concerned to maintain. Atterbury.
Two * wait the throne; alike in
ace, -
But diff'ring far in figure and in face. Pope.
A'LIMENT, n. . [alimentum, Lat.]
Nourishment; that which nourishes;
nutriment ; food.
New parts are added to our substance; and,
as we die, we are born daily; nor can we give
an account, how the aliment is prepared for mu-
trition, or by what mechanism it is distributed.
Glanville's Scopsis *::::::
All bodies which, by the animal faculties,
can be changed into à. fluids and solids of
our bodies, are called aliments. In the largest
sense by aliment, I understand every thing which
a human creature takes in common diet; as,
meat, drink; and seasoning, as, salt, spice, vine-
gar. Arbuthnot.
ALIME’NTAL. adj. [from aliment.] That
has the quality of aliment; that does
nourish ; that does feed.
The sun, that light imparts to all, receives
From all his alimental recompence,
In humid exhalations. Milton's Paradise Lorf.
Except they be watered from higher regions,
these weeds must lose their alimental sap, and
wither. ratun.
'l'h' industrious, when the sun in Leo rides,
Forget not, at the foot of ev'ry plant
To sink a circling trench, and daily pour
A just supply of alimental streams,
JExhausted sap recruiting. Philipr.
ALIME's tai, LY. adv. [from alimental.]
So as to serve for nourishment.
The substance of gold is invincible by the pow-
erfullestheat, and that not only alimentallyinasub-
stantial mutation, but alsomedicamentally in any
corporeal conversion. Brown's Pulgar Errottro.
ALIME'N TA R IN Ess. n. . [from alimen-
tary.] The quality of being alimentary,
or of affording nourishment. Dirt.
AllME'NT ARY. adj. [from aliment.]
1. That belongs or relates to aliment.
The solution of the aliment by mastication is
necessary; without it, the aliment could not be
disposed for the changes which it receives as it
passeth through the alimentary duct. Arbuthnot.
2. That has the quality of aliment, or the
power of nourishing. *
I do not think that water supplies animals, or
even plants, with nourishment, but serves for a
vchicle to the alimentary particles, to convey and
distribute them to the several parts of the body.
Fay on the treation,

Of alimentary roots, some are pulpy and very nutritious; as turnips and carrots. These have a fattening quality. Arbuthnot on Aliments. All MENTA’t lon. m. s. [from aliment.] 1. The power of affording aliment; the quality of nourishing. 2. The state of being nourished by assimilation of matter received. Plants do nourish; inanimate bodies do not: they have an accretion, but no alimentation. Bacon's Natural History. All Mo'Nious. adj. [from alimony.] That does nourish, a word very little in use. : The plethora renders us lean, by suppressing our spirits, whereby they are incapacitated of digesting the alimonious humours intoflesh. Harvey. A'LIMONY. m. s. [alimonia, Lat..] Alimony signifies that legal proportion of the husband's estate, which, by the sentence of the ecclesiastical court, is allowed to the wife for her maintenance, upon the account of any separation from him, provided it be not caused by her ... elopement or adultery. Ayliffe. Before they settled hands and hearts, , Till alimony or death them parts. Hudibras. A’ll QUANT. adj. [aliquantus, Lat..] Parts of a number, which, however repeated, will never make up the number exactly ; as, 3 is an aliquant of Io, thrice 3 being 9, four times 3 making 12. A’li Quo T. adj [aliquot, Lat..] Aliquot parts of any number or quantity, such as will exactly measure it without any remainder: as, 3 is an aliquot part of 12, because, being taken four times, it will just measure it. A'L1s H. adj. [from ale.] Resembling ale ; having qualities of ale. Stirring it, and beating down the yeast, gives it the sweet alish taste. Mortimer's Husbandry. A'Litu RE. n.s.. [alitura, Lat.] Nourishment. Dict. Ali’v E. adj. [from a and live.] 1, In the state of life ; not dead. Nor well alive, nor wholly dead they were, But some faint signs of feeble life appear. Dryd. Not youthful kings in battle seiz'd alive, Not scornful lovers who their charms survive. wor2. In a figurative sense, unedioui à ; - undestroyed; active; in full force. Those good and learned men had reason to wish, that their proceedings might be favoured, and the good affection of such as inclined toward them kept alive. ly: full of al Hooker, . Cheerful ; sprightly; full of alacrity. 3 she was not P. #. the whole ... if she slept more than six hours. Clarissa. 4. In a popular sense, it is used only to add an emphasis, like the French du monde; as, the best man alive; that is, the best, with an emphasis. This sense has been long in use, and was once admitted into serious writings, but is now mercly ludicrous. -. And to those brethren said, rise, rise by-live,

And unto battle do yourselves address: * For yonder comes the prowest knight alive, Prince Arthur, flower of grace and nobiless. Fairy Queen. The earl of Northumberland, who was the proudest man alive, could not look upon the de; struction of monarchy with any pleasure. Clarend. John was quick and understood business, but no man alive was more careless in looking into his accounts. Arbuthnot. A’lk AH Est, n, s. A word used first by Paracelsus and adopted by his followers, to signify an universal dissolvent, or liquor which has the power of resolving all things into their first principles. Alk Al E'scent. adj. [from alkali..] That has a tendency to the properties of an alkali. All animal diet is alkalescent or anti-acid. Arbuthnot. . A'LKALI. m. s. [The word alkali comes from an herb, called by the Egyptians Kali ; by us, glass-wort. This herb they burnt to ashes, boiled them in water, and, after having evaporated the water, there remained at the bottom a white salt; this they called sal kali, or alkali. It is corrosive, producing putrefaction in animal substances to which it is applied. Arbuthnot on Aliments.] An substance which, when mingled wit acid, produces effervescence and fermentation. A’lk A1 is E. adj. [from alkali..] That has the qualities of alkali. Any watery liquor will keep any animal from starving very long, by diluting the fluids, and ..o. keeping them from an alkaline state. People have lived twenty-four days upon nothing but water. - .1 rhathrat, To AlkA/lizat E. v. a. [from alkali.] To make bodies alkaline, by changing their nature, or by mixing alkalies with them. ALK A'Liz At E. adj, [from alkali.] Having the qualities of alkali; impregnated with alkali, The odour of the fixed nitre is very languidi but that which it discovers, being dissolved in hot water, is different, being of kin to that of other alkalizate salts. Boyle. The colour of violets in their syrup, by acid liquors, turns red, and, by urinous and allalizate, turns green. .Netvian. ALK A lization. n.s.. [from alkali.]"The act of alkalizating, or impregnating bodies with alkali. A’t ka N E r. m. s. [anchusa, Lat.] A plant. This plant is a species of bugloss, with a red root, brought from the southern parts of France, and used in medicine, Miller. ALKEKE'NG.I. m. s. A medicinal fruit or berry, produced by a plant of the same denomination; popularly also called winter-cherry: the plant bears a near resemblance to Solanum, or night

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