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son in a distribution. See AL lot MENT. Allow me such exercises as may become a gentleman, or give me the poor allottery my father left me by testament. Shakspeare. To ALLO’W. v. a. [a/louer, Fr. from a/audare, Lat.] 1. To admit; as, to allow a position ; not to contradict; not to oppose. The principles which all mankind allow for true, are innate; those that men of right reason admit, are the principles allowed by all mankind. Locke. The power of musick all our hearts allow; And what Timotheus was, is Dryden now. Pope. That some of the Presbyterians declared openly against the king's murder, I allow to be true. - Swift. 2. To justify; to maintain as right. The pow'rs above Allow obedicnce. Shakspeare. The Lord alloweth the righteous. , Bible. 3. To grant; to yield; to own any one's title to. - - ... We will not, in civility, allow too much sincerity to the professions of most men; but think
their actions to be interpreters of their thoughts.
Locłe. I shall be ready to allow the pope as little power here as you please. - wist. 4. To grant license to i, to permit. Let's follow the old earl, and get the beldam To lead him where he would; his roguish madness Allows itself to any thing. Sbal speare. But, as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak, not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts. 1 Thess. They referred all laws, that were to be passed in Ireland, to be considered, corrected, and allowed, first by the state of England. Davies. 5. To give a sanction to ; to authorize. There is no slander in an allow'd fool. Shakr. 6. To give to ; to pay to. Ungrateful then! if we no tears allow To him that gave us peace and empire too. Wal. 7. To appoint for; to set out to a certain use ; as, he allowed his son the third part of his income. 8. To make abatement, or provision ; or to settle any thing, with some concessions or cautions regarding something else. If we consider the different occasions of ancient and modern medals, we shall find they both agree in recording the great actions and successes in war; allowing still for the different ways of making it, and the circumstances that attended it. ' Addison. Allo'w AB i.e. adj. [from allow.] 1. That may be admitted without contradiction. It is not allowable, what is observable in many pieces of Raphael, where Magdalen is represented before our Saviour washing his feet on her knees; which will not consist with the text. Brown's Pulgar Erreurs. 2. That is permitted or licensed ; hawful; not forbidden. In actions of this sort, the light of nature alone may discover that which is in the sight of
God allorvable. Hocker. I was, by the freedom allowable among friends, tempted to vent my thoughts with negligence. - - Boyle. Reputation becomes a signal and a very petuliar blessing to magistrates; and their pursuit of it is not only allowable but laudable. Atterbury. A Llo'WA BLEN Ess. n. 3. [from allow. able.] The quality of being allowable; kayfulness; exemption from prohibition. Lots, as to their nature, use, and allowableness, in matters of recreation, are indeed impugned by some, though better defended by others. Soutlo's Sermoni. Allo'w AN ce. m. s. [from allow.] 1. Admission without contradiction. That which wisdcm did first begin, and hath been with good men long continued, challengeth allowtance of them that succeed, although it ple for itself nothing. - Hooker. Without the notion and allotrance of spirits, our philosophy will be lame and defective in one main part of it. Locke. 2. Sanction ; license; authority. You sent a large commission to conclude, Without the king's will, or the state's allozvance, A league between his Highnessand Ferrara. Shai. 3. Permission ; freedom from restraint. They should therefore be accustomed betimes to consult and make use of their reason, before they give allowance to their inclinations. Locke. 4. A settled rate, or appointment, for any use. The victual in plantations ought to be expended almost as in a besieged town; that is, with certain allowance. Bacon. And his allowance was a continual allowance given him of the king; a daily rate for every day all his life. 2 Kings. 5. Abatement from the first rigour of a law or demand. The whole poem, though written in heroic verse, is of the Pindaric nature, as well in the thought as the expression; and, as such, requires the same grains of allowance for it. Drydon. Parents never give allowances for an innocent passion. Swift. 6. Established character; reputation. His bark is stoutly timber'd, and his pilot Of very expert and approv'd allowance. Shri.p. Al Lo'Y. n. s. [See All AY.] 1. Baser metal mixed in coinage. That precise weight and fineness, by law appropriated to the pieces of each denomination, is called the standard. Fine silver is silver without the mixture of any baser metal. Alsay is baser metal mixed with it. Loir. Let another piece be coined of the same weight, wherein half the silver is taken out, and copier, or other alloy, put into the place, it will be worth but half as much; for the value of the alloy is so inconsiderable as not to be reckoned. Larse. 2. Abatement; diminution. The pleasures ofsense are probably relished by beasts in a more exquisite degree than they are by men; for they taste them sincere and pure
have some reference to a thing, without
the direct mention of it; to hint at ; to insinuate. It is used of persons; as, Æe alludes to an old story; or of things, as, the lampoon alludes to his mother's Jaults. These speeches of Jerom and Chrysostom do seem to allude unto such ministerial garments as were then in use. Hooker. True it is, that many things of this nature be alluded unto, yea, many things declared. Hooker. Then just proportions were taken, and every thing placed by weight and measure: and this I doubt not was that artificial structure here alluded to. Burnet'. Theory. At Lu'MINor. m. s. [allumer, Fr. to light.] One who colours or paints upon paper or parchment; because he gives graces, light, and ornament, to the letters or figures coloured. Cowels. To ALLURE. v. a. Lleurer, Fr. Mooren, Dutch; belaenen, Sax.] To entice to any thing whether good or bad ; to draw toward any thing by enticement. Unto laws that men make for the benefit of men, it hath seemed always needful to add rewards, which may more allure unto good, than any hardness deterreth from it; and punishments, which may more deter from evil, than any sweetness thereto allureth. Hooker. The golden sun, in splendour likest heav'n, Allur'd his eye. Milton's Paradise Lost. Each flatt'ring hope, and each allery joy. ..yttleton. Allu’RE. m. s. [from the verb allure.] Something set up to entice birds, or other things, to it. We now write lure. The rather to train them to his allure, he told them both often, and with a vehement voice, how they were over-topped and trodden down by gentlemen. Hayward. Allu’REMENT. n. 3. [from allure.] That which allures, or has the force of alluring ; enticement; temptation of pleasure. Against allurement, custom, and a world Offended; fearless of reproach, and scorn, Or violence. Paradise Lost. -Adam, by his wife's allurement fell. Paradite Regained. To shun th' allurement is not hard To minds resolv'd, forewarn'd, and well pre
par'd : But wond’rous difficult, when once beset, To struggle through the straits, and break th’ involving net. Dryden. Allu’r E. R. m. s. [from allure." The person that allures; enticer; inveigler. Allu’R1 N Gly. adv. [from allure.] In an alluring manner; enticingly. Allu’r is GN Ess. n. . [from alluring.] The quality of alluring or enticing ; invitation ; temptation by proposing pleasure. Allu’s ros. n. 1. [allusio, Lat.] That which is spoken with reference to something supposed to be already known, and therefore not expressed ;
a hint; an implication. It has the particle to. Here are manifest allutions and footsteps of the dissolution of the earth, as it was in the deluge, and will be in its last ruin. , Burnet. This last allusion gall'd the panther more, Because indeed it rubb’d upon the sore. Dryd. Expressions now out of use, allusions to customs lost, to us, and various particularities, must needs continue several passages in the dark. Locke. A 1.1. U's I v E. adj. [alludo, allusum, Lat.] Hinting at something not fully expressed. Where the expression in one place is plain, and the senseaffixed to it agreeable to the properforce of the words, and no negative objection requires us to depart from it; and the expression, in the other, is figurative or allusive, and the doctrine deduced from it liable to great objections; it is reasonable, in this latter place, to restrain the extent of the figure and allusion to a consistency with the former. Rogers' Sermons. All U’s 1 v F. LY. adv. [from allusive.] In an allusive manner: by implication; by insinuation. The Jewish nation, that rejected and crucified him, within the compass of one generation, were, according to his prediction, destroyed by the Romans, and preyed upon by these eagles (Matt. xxiv. 28.), by which, allusively, are noted the Roman armies, whose ensign was the eagle. Hammond. All U’s I v EN Ess. n. 4. [from allusive.] The quality of being allusive. All U’viox. n. 4. [alluvio, Lat.] 1. The carrying of anything to something else by the motion of the water.
2. The thing carried by water to some
France, either as subjects, with great immunities for the encouragement of trade, or as an inferiourand dependentally under their protection.
ALMACA'NTAR. m. s. [An Arabick word, written variously by various authors; by D'Herbelot, almacantar; by others, almurantar.] A circle drawn parallel to the horizon. It is generally used in the plural, and means a series of parallel circles drawn through the several degrees of the meridian. ALM Aca’NT AR’s STAFF. m.s. An instrument commonly made of pear-tree or box, with an arch of fifteen degrees, used to take observations of the sun about the time of its rising and setting, in order to find the amplitude, and consequently the variation of the compass. Chambers. A'LMAN Ack. m. s. [Derived, by some, from the Arabick as, and manah, Heb. to count, or compute; by others, from al, Arabick, and any, a month, or **** the course of the months; by others, from a Teutonick original, as, and maan, the moon, an account of every moon, or month: all of them are probable ]. A calendar; a book in which the revolutions of the seasons, with the return of feasts and fasts, is noted for the ensuing ear. It will be said, this is an almanack for the old year; all hath been well; Spain hath not assailed this kingdom. - Bacon. This astrologer made his almanack give a tolerable account of the weather, by a direct inversion of the common prognosticators. Government of the Tongue. Beware the woman too, and shut her sight, Who in these studies does herself delight; By whom a greasy almanack is borne, With often handling, like chaft amber worn. - Dryden. I'll have a fasting almanack printed on purpose for her use. Dryden's Spanish Friar. A'LMANDINE. m. s. [Fr. almandina, Ital.] A ruby coarser and lighter than the oriental, and nearer the colour of the granate. Dict. Al Mi'ghtinkss. n. J. [from almighty.] Unlimited power; omnipotence; one of the attributes of God. It serveth to the world for a witness of his almightiness, whom we outwardly honour with the chiefest of outward things. Hooker. In creating and making existent the world universal, by the absolute act of his own word, God shewed his power and almightiness. Raleigh. In the wilderness, the bittern and the stork, the unicorn and the elk, live upon his provisions, and revere his power, and feel the force of his almightiness. Taylor. ALM I’g Hty. adj. [from all and mighty.] Of unlimited power; omnipotent. The Lord appeared unto Abraham, and said unto him, I am the almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect. - Genesis.
He wills you in the name of God almight}, That you divest yourself, and lay apart "... " The borrow'd glories, that by gift of heav'n, By law of nature and of nations, 'lon To him and to his heirs. Shakspeare, A'i. Mos D. n. 4. Lamand, Fr. derived by Menage from amandala, a word in low Latin ; by others, from Allemand, a German, supposing that almonds come to France from Germany.] The nut of the almond tree, either sweet or bitter. Pound an almond, and the clear white colour will be altered into a dirty one, and the sweet taste into an oily one. ocke. A'LM on D TR E. m. s. samygdalus, Lat.] It has leaves and flowers very like those of the peach tree, but the fruit is longer and more compressed; the outer green coat is thinner and drier when ripe, and the shell is not so rugged. Millar. Like to an almond tree, mounted high On top of Green Selenis, all alone, With blossoms brave bedecked daintily, Whose tender locks do tremble every one, At every little breath that under heav'n is blown.
Fairy Queen. Mark well the flow'ring almond, in the wood;
If od’rous blooms the bearing branches load,
The glebe will answer to the sylvian reign, Great heats will follow, and large crops of grain. 12-yden. A'LMosus of the TH Roat, or TosSILs, called improperly Almonds of the ears, are two round glands placed on the sides of the basis of the tongue, under the common membrane of the fauces; each of them has a large oval sinus, which opens into the fauces, and in it are a great number of lesser ones, which discharge themselves through the great sinus of a mucous and slippery matter into the fauces, larynx, and Qesophagus, for the moistening and lubricating those parts. When the oesophagus muscle acts, it compresses the almonds, and they frequently are the occasion of a sore throat. $ouincy. The tonsils, or almonds of the ears, are o: frequently swelled in the king's evil; which tumour may be very well reckoned a species of it. Wiseman's Surgery.
Alsto'st, adv. [from all and most ; that
A man who lives upon alms : who is supported by charity. , I'll give my jewels for a set of beads; y gorgeous palace for a hermitage; My gay apparel for an alminan's gown.Shako, A'LMuc-rk E. e. n. s. A tree mentioned in scripture. Of its wood were made musical instruments, and it was used also in rails, or in a staircase. The Rabbins generally render it coral; others ebony, brazil, or pine. In the Septuagint it is translated wrought wood, and the Vulgate, Ligna Thyina. But coral could liever answer the purposes of the almugium; the pine-tree is too common in Judea to be imported from Ophir; and the Thyinum, or citron-tree, much esteemed by the ancients for its fragrance and beauty, came from Mauritania. By the wood almugim, or algumim, or simply gummim, taking al for a kind of article, may be understood oily and gummy sorts of wood, and particularly the trees which produce gum ammoniac, or gum arabic; and is, perhaps, the same with the Shittim wood mentioned by Moses. Calmet. And the navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great plenty of almog-trees and precious trees. 1Rings. A/L NAGAR, A'l N A GER, or A'l N EGER. n. . [from alnage.] A measurer by the ell; a sworn officer, whose business formerly was to inspect the assize of woollen cloth, and to fix the seals appointed upon it for that purpose ; but there are now three officers belonging to the regulation of cloth-manufactures, the searcher, measurer, and alneger. Dict, A'LNAG.E. n. 4. [from aulnage, or aunage, Fr.] Ell-measure, or rather the measuring by the ell or yard. Dict. A'LN1 GHT. n. 1, [from all and night.] A service which they call alnight, is a great cake of wax, with the wick in the midst; whereby it cometh to pass, that the wick fetcheth the nourishment farther off. Bacon. A'LOES. n.s. [pons, as it is supposed.] Aterm applied to three different things. 1. A precious wood, used in the East for perfumes, of which the best sort is of higher price than gold, and was the most valuable present given by the king of Siam, in 1686, to the king of France. It is called Tambar, and is the heart, or innermost, part, of the aloe tree; the next part to which is called Calembac, which is sometimes imported into Europe, and, though of inferiour value to the Tambac, is much esteemed: the part next the back is termed, by the Portuguese, Pao d’ aquila, or eagle-wood; but some account, he eagle-wood not
'' the outer part of the Tamhae, but another species. Our knowledge of this wood is yet very imperfect. Savary. a. A tree which grows in hot countries, and even in the mountains of Spain. 3. A medicinal juice, extracted, not from the odoriferous, but the common aloes tree, by cutting the leaves, and exposing the juice that drops from them to the sun. It is distinguished into Socotorine, and Caballine or horse aloes : the first is so called from Socotora ; the second, because, being coarser, it ought to be confined to the use of farriers. It is a warm and strong cathartick. A Lo E't ic A L. adj. [from aloes.] Consisting chiefly of aloes. It may be excited by aloetical, scammoniate, or acrimonious medicines. Wireman's Surgery. Alo E^ric K. m. f. [from aloes.] Any medicine is so-called, which chiefly consists of aloes. Alo'ft. adv. [loffer, to lift up, Dan. Loft, air, Icelandish; so that aloft is, into the air.] On high ; above; in the air: a word used chiefly in poetry. For I have read in stories oft, That love has wings, and soars o: Suckling. Upright he stood, and bore aloft his shield, Conspicuous from afar, and overlook'd the field. Dryden. Alo'ft. prep. Above. The great luminary Aloft the vulgar constellations thick, That from his lordly eye keep distance due, Dispenses light from far. Milton's Par. Lost.
absurdity. Dict. Alo'Ne. adj. [alleen, Dutch; from al and een, or one ; that is, single.] 1. Without another. The quarrel toucheth none but us alone; Betwixt ourselves let us decide it then. Sbakr. If § a mortal hand my father's throne Could be defended, 'twas by mine alone. Dryd. God, by whose alone power and conversation we all live, and move, and have our being. Bentley. 2. Without company; solitary. Eagles we see fly alone, and they are but sheep which always herd together. Sidney. Alone, for other creature in this place, Living, or lifeless, to be found was none. Milton. l never durst in darkness be alone. Dryden. Alo'N E. adv. 1. This word is seldom used but with the word let, if even then it be an adverb. It implies sometimes an ironical prohibition, forbidding to help a man who is able to manage the affair himself. - Let us alone to guard Corioli, If they set down before 's; 'fore they remove, Bring up your army. Shakspeare. Let you alone, cunning artificer; See how his gorget peers above his gown, To tell the people in what danger he was. - Ben jonton.
Some rowl a mighty stone; some laid along, And bound with burning wires, on spokes of wheels are hung. Dryden.
2. Through any space measured length
pany; joined with. I your commission will forthwith dispatch, Aoi he to England shall along with you. Shais. Hence, then! and evil go with thee along, Thy offspring, to the place of evil, Hell. Milton. Religious zeal is subject to an excess, and to a defect, when something is mingled with it which it should not have; or when it wants something that ought to go along with it. Sprat.
5. Sometimes with is understood.
cool thy slaves: my free-born soul disins A tyrant's curb, and restive breaks the reins. Take this along; and no dispute shall rise (Though mine the woman) for my ravish'd prize. ryden. In this sense it is derived from allons, French. Come then, my friend, my genius, come along, Thou master of the poet and the song. Pope. [a corruption, as it seems, from along.] Along ; through the length. The Turks did keep strait watch and ward in all their ports alongst the sea coast. Roneller.
Alo'of adv. [all off; that is, quite off.] 1. At a distance: with the particle from.
It generally implies a small distance, such as is within view or observation. Then bade the knight this lady yede aloof,
And to an hill herself withdraw aside,
And else be safe from danger far descried.
- - - Fairy Q.
As next in worth, Came singly where he stood, on the bare strand, While the promiscuous crowd stood yet aleof. Milton’s Paradise Left. , The noise approaches, tho’ our palace stood 4/o/from streets, encompass'd with a wood. dex.
caution and circumspection. ..Turn on the bloody hounds with heads of steel, And make the cowards stand aleofat bay. Skai.
Going northwards, aloof, as löng as they had any doubt of being pursued; at last, when they
were out of reach, they turned and crossed the ocean to Spain. Jazzo.