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The king would not, by any means, enter the city, until he had aloofseen the cross set up upon the greater tower of Granada, whereby it became christian ground. Bacon. Two pots stood by a river, one of brass, the other of clay. The water carried them away; the earthen vessel kept aloof#. t’ other. 'Estrange's Fables. The strong may fight aloof: Ancaeus try’d His force too near, and by presuming died. D

3. In a figurative sense, it is used to import art or cunning in conversation, by which a man holds the principal question at a distance, Nor do we find him forward to be sounded; § with a crafty madness keeps aloof, When we would bring him on to some confession his true state. Skałpeare's Hamlet. 4. It is used metaphorically of persons that will not be seen in a design. It is necessary the queen join; for, if she stand alof, there will be still suspicions: it being a reseived opinion, that she hath a great interest in the king's favour and power. Suckling. 3. It is applied to things not properly belonging to each other. - - Love's not love, When it is mingled with regards that stand 4koffrom th' entire point. Shakspeare. Atop. adv. [from a and loud.] Loudly; with a strong voice; with a great noise. Strangled he lies! yet seems to cry aloud, To warn the mighty, and instruct the proud; That of the great, neglecting to be just, “av’n in a moment makes a heap of dust. Waller. Then heav'n's high monarch thundred thrice

oud, * thrice he shook aloft a golden cloud. Dryd. A19'W. adv. [from a and low.] In a low place; not aloft. And now alow, and now aloft they fly, Asborne through air, and seem to touch the sky. Dryden. *LPHA. n.s. The first letter in the Greek :lphabet, answering to our A; therefore used to signify, the first. |am alpha and omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which **, and which is to come, the Almighty. Revelations. ALPHABET. n.s.. [from opa, alpha, and **, beta, the two first letters of the Greeks.] The order of the letters, or elements of speech. - Thou shalt not sigh, §or wink, nor nod, nor kneel, nor make a sign, But I of these will rest anal habet, Andby still practice learn to known ty. bakspeare. The letters of the alphabet, formed by the *eral motions of the mouth, and the great va*iety of syllables composed of letters, and formed *itholmost equal velocity, and the endless num*** words Čapable of Šeing framed out of the ******t, either of more syllables, or of one, are wonderful Holder. Taught by their nurses, little children get T toying sooner than their alphabet. Dryden. * A'i Faaast. v. a. [from alphabet,

noun..] To range in the order of the alphabet. Alphabetical. adj. [from alphabet: Alphabe’rick. ; alphabetique, Fr.l. In the order of the alphabet; according to the series of letters. i have digested in an alphabetical order all the counties, corporations, and boroughs in Gro Britain, with their respective tempers. Swift. Alph ABE’ric Ally. adv. [from alphabetical.] In an alphabetical, manner; according to the order of the letters. ... I had once in my thoughts to contrive a gram.” mar, more than I can now comprise in short hints; and a dictionary, alphabetically contain. ing the words of the songsage, which the deaf person is to learn. Holder's Elements of Speech: Already. adv. [from all and ready.1 At this present time, or at some time past: opposed to futurity ; as, Will he zome soon? He is here already. Will it be done P. It has been done already. Touching our uniformity, that which hath

been already answered, may serve for answer. Hooker.

You warn'd me still of loving two; Can I love him, already loving you? Pryde". See, the guards from yon far eastern hill Already move, no longer stay afford; High in the air they wave the flaming sword, Your signal to depart. Dryden. Methods for the advancement of piety, are in the power of a prince limited like ours, by a strict execution of the laws already in force. Swift. Methinks already I your tears survey, Already hear the horrid things they say, Aready see you a degraded toast, And all your honour in a whisper lost! Pope. Als. adv. [als, Dutch..] Also; likewise, Out of use. Sad remembrance now the prince amoves With fresh desire his voyage to pursue; Al Una earn'd her travel to renew. Fairy Queen. A’lso. adv. [from all and so.] 1. In the same manner; likewise. In these two, no doubt, are contained the causes of the great deluge, as according to Mosest so also according to necessity; for our w affords no other treasures of water. Burnet. 2. Also is sometimes nearly the same with and, and only conjoins the members of the sentence. God do so to me, and more also. 1 Samuel. A'LTAR. m. s. [altare, Lat. It is observed by junius, that the word altar, is received, with christianity, in all the European languages; and that altare is used by one of the Fathers, as appropriated to the christian worship, in opposition to the are of gentilism.] 1. The place where offerings to heaven are laid. The goddess of the nuptial bed, Tir’d with her vain devotions for the dead, Resolv'd the tainted hand should be repell'd, Which incense offer'd, and her altar held. Dryd. 2. The table in christian churches where the communion o #ministered.

Her grace rose, and, with modest paces, Came to the altar, where she kneel'd, and saintlike

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voutly. Shakpeare. A'LTA RAG E. m. s. [altaragium, Lat. An emolument arising to the priest from oblations, through the means of the altar. Ayliffe's Parergon. A’lt AR-clot H. n. 4. [from altar and cloth.] The cloth thrown over the altar in churches. I should set down the wealth, books, hangings, and altar-cloths, which our kings gave this abbey. Peacham on Drawing. To A'LTER. v. a. [alterer, Fr. from alter, Lat.] 1. Tochange; to make otherwise than it is. To alter, seems more properly to imply a change made only in some part of a thing; as, to alter a writing, may be to blot or interpolate it; to change it, may be, to substitute another in its lace. With from and to; as, her face is altered from * to red. o you note How much her grace is alter'd on the sudden! How long her face is drawn? how pale she looks, And of an earthly cold! Shakspeare. Acts appropriated to the worship of God, by his own appointment, must continue so, till himself hath otherwise declared; for who dares alter what God hath appointed 2. Stillingfleet. 2. To take off from a persuasion, practice, or Sect. For the way of writing plays in verse, I find it troublesome and slow; but I am no way altered from my opinion of it, at least with any reasons which have opposed it. Dryden. To A/lt ER. v. n. To become otherwise than it was ; as, the weather alters from bright to cloudy. . A'LT ERA B I. E. adj. [from alter; alterable, Fr.] That may be altered or changed by something else; distinct from changeable, or that which changes, or may change, itself. That alterable respects are realities in nature, will never be admitted by a considerate discerner. Glanville. Our condition in this world is mutable and uncertain, alterable by a thousand accidents, which we can neither foresee nor prevent. Rogers. I wish they had been more clear in their directions upon that mighty point, Whether the settlement of the succession in the house of Hanover be alterable or no? Szwise. A’lt ER Ahl EN Ess. n.s. (from alterable.] The quality of being alterable, or admitting change from exteral causes. A'LTER A B ly. adv. [from alterable.] In such a manner as may be altered. A'LT ERA GE. n.s.. [from alo.] The breeding, nourishing, or fostering of a child. In Ireland they put their children to fosterers: the rich sell,the meaner sort buying the alterage of their children; and the reason is, because, in

the opinion of the people, fostering has always been a stronger alliance than blood. Sirj. Davier, A'LTER ANT. adj. [alterant, Fr.] That has the power of producing changes in any thing. And whether the body be alterant or altered, evermore a perception precedeth operation; for else all bodies would be alike one to another. Bacon. ALTER A^T 1 on. n. 4. [from alter; alteration, Fr.] 1. The act of altering or changing. Alteration, though it be from worse to better, hath in it inconveniencies, and those weighty. #. 2. The change made. Why may we not presume, that God doth even call for such change or alteration, as the very condition of things themselves doth make necessary? - Hodier, So he, with difficulty and labour hard, Moved on: But he once past, soon after, when man fell, Strange alteration / Sin, and Death, amain . Following his track(such was the will of heav'n') Pav'd after him abroad and beatenway. Milto, No other alteration will satisfy; nor this nei. ther, very long, without an utter abolition of all order. Scott. Appius Claudius admitted to the senate the sons of those who had been slaves; by which, and succeeding alterations, that council degenerated into a most corrupt body. Swift. A'LTER AT 1 v E. adj. [from alter.] Medicines called alterative, are such as have no immediate sensible operation, but gradually gain upon the constitution, by changing the humours from a state of distemperature to health, They are opposed to evacuants. Quinty. When there is an eruption of humour in any part, it is not cured merely by outward applications, but by such alterative medicines as Purify the blood. Government of the Torgot. Alt Erc'A'rion. n. 4. [altercation, Fr. from altercor, Lat.] Debate; controversy ; wrangle. y this hot pursuit of lower controversies amongst men professing religion, and agreeing in the principal foundations thereof, they conceive hope,that, about the higherprinciplesthemselves, time will cause altercation to grow. Hocker. Their whole life was little else than a perpetual wrangling and altercation ; and that, many times, rather for victory and ostentation of wit, than a sobcr and serious search of truth. Haketvill on Provident. ALTE'R.N. adj. [alternus, Lat.] Acting by turns, in succession each to the other. And God made two great lights, great for their use To man; the greater to have rule by day, The less by night, altern. Åsister, ALTERNAcy, n., i. [from alternate. Action performed by turns. ALTERNATE. adj. [alternus, I at

Being by turns; one after another w


Friendship consists properly in mutual office and a generous strife in alternate acts of kir Il CS5. - of


... Hear how Timotheus' various lays surprise, And bid alternate passions fall and rise! While, at each change, the son of Lybian Jove Nowburns with glory, and then melts with love. te ALTE'RNATE ANGLEs. [In geometry.] The internal angles made by a line cutting two parallels, and lying on the opposite sides of the cutting line ; the one below the first parallel, and the other above the second. ALTE'RNate. n.s.. [from alternate, adj.] That which happens alternately; vicissitude. Andrais'd in pleasure, or repos'd in ease, Grateful alternate of substantial peace, They bless the long nocturnal influence shed On the crown'd goblet, and the genial bed. Prior. fo Alte'RN at E. v. a. [alterno, Lat.] 1. To perform alternately. ose who, in their course, Melodious hymns about the sov’reign throne 4lternate all night long. Milton. 4. To change one thing for another reciprocally. emost high God, in all things appertaining onto this life, for sundry wise ends, alternate the disposition of good and evil, Grew. Alfe'RNATELY. adv. [from alternate.] In reciprocal succession, so that each shall be succeded by that which it succeeds, as light follows darkness, and darkness follows light. The princess Melesinda, bath'd in tears, od loss'd alternately with hopes and fears, Would learn from you the fortunes of her lord. Dryden. Unhappy man! whom sorrow thus and rage To different is alternately engage. Prior. The rays of light are, by some cause or other, olternately disposed to be reflected or refracted for many vicissitudes. Newton. Alte'ss ATE's ess. n.s.. [from alternate.] The quality of being alternate, or of appening in reciprocal succession. Dict. LTERNATIo N. m. s. [from alternate.] The reciprocal succession of things, e one would be oppressed with constant heat, the other with insufferable cold; and so the defect of alternation would utterly impugn the generation of all things. rotun. LTE'RN AT 1 v E. m. . [alternatif, Br.] The choice given of two things ; so that if one be rejected, the other must be taken. A strange alternative ust ladies have a doctor or a dance 2 Toung. Atte‘RN AT Ively. adv. [from alternative..] In alternate manner; by turns; reciprocally. An appeal alternatively made maybe tolerated ... by the civil law as valid. Ayliff's Partrzon. Alte'RN AT veness. n. s. strom aliernative.] The quality or state of being alternative; reciprocation. Dict. Alre'RN1ty. n. ... [from allern..] Reciprocal succession; vicissitude; turn;

mutual change of one thing for another; reciprocation. They imagine, that an animal of the vastest dimensions, and longest duration, should live in a continual motion, without the alternity and vicissitude of rest, whereby, all other animals continue. Brown's Wulgar Errours. ALT Ho'U GH. conjunction. [from all and though. See Though..] Notwithstanding; however it may be granted; however it may be that. We all know, that many things are believed, although they be intricate, obscure, and dark; although they exceed the reach and capacity of our wits; yea, although in this world they be no way possible to be understood. Flocker. Me the gold of France did not seduce, Altlough I did admit it as a motive The sooner to effect what I intended. Shakspears. The stress must be laid upon a majority; without which the laws would be of little weight, although they be good additional securities. Swift, A’lt IGRADE. adj. [from altus and gradior, Lat.] Rising on high. Dict. ALT1'Loque Nc E. m. s. [altus and loquor, Lat.] High speech; pompous language. ALT1'M ETR Y. m. s. [altimetria, Lat. from altus and of root.] The art of taking or measuring altitudes or heights, whether accessable or inaccessable, generally performed by a quadrant. *::::::::::: adj. [altisonus, Lat.] ALT1's on ous, 5 High sounding; pompous or lofty in sound. A'LT ITUD E. m. s. [altitudo, Lat.] 1. Height of place; space measured upward. Ten masts attach'd make not the altitude, Which thou hast perpendicularly fall'n. *::::: Some define the perpendicular altitude of the highest mountains to be four miles; others but fifteen furlongs. Brown. She shines above, we know ; but in what place, How near the throne, and heav'n's imperial face, By our weak opticks is but vainly guess'd; Distance and altitude conceal the rest. Dryden. 2. The elevation of any of the heavenly bodies above the horizon. Even unto the latitude of fifty-two, the efficacy , thereof is not much considerable, whether we consider its ascent, meridian, altitude, or abode above the horizon. Brown's Wulgar Errours. Has not a poet more virtues and vices within his circle, cannot he observe them and their influences in their oppositions and conjunctions, in their altitudes and depressions? Aymer. 3. Situation with regard to lower things. Those members which are pairs, stand by one another in equal altitude, and answer on eachside


one to another. Ray. 4. Height of excellence; superiority. Your altitude offends the eyes Of those who want the power to rise. Swift.

5. Height of degree; highest point.
He did it to please his mother, and to be partly
Proud; which he is, even to the altitude of his
Wirtue, - Shak ptars,

ALT1'volant. adj.[altivolans, Lat.from altus and volo.] High flying. Dict, A’ltogether, adv. [from all and together. 1. Completely; without restriction; without exception. , It is in vain to speak of planting laws, and plotting policy, till #. eople be altogether subdued. penser's State of Ireland. We find not in the world any people that hath lived altogether without religion. Hooker. If death and danger are things that really cannot be endured, no man could ever be obliged to suffer for his conscience, or to die for his religion; it being altogether as absurd to imagine a man obliged to suffer, as to do impossibilities. South. I do not altogether disapprove of the manner of interweaving texts of scripture thro the style of your sermon. wift. 4. Conjunctly ; in company. This is rather all together. Cousin of Somerset, join you with me, And altogether with the duke of Suffolk, We'llquickly hoist duke Humphry from his seat. Shakspeare. 4'LUDEL. m. s. sfrom a and lutum ; that is, without lute.] Aludel, are subliming pots used in chymistry, without bottoms, and fitted into one another, as many as there is occasion for, without luting. At the bottom of the furnace is a pot that holds the matter to be sublimed; and at the top is a head, to retain the flowers that rise up, uincy. A'LUM. n.s.. [alumen, Lat.) A kind of mineral salt, of an acid taste, leaving in the mouth a sense of sweetness, accompanied with a considerable degree of agtringency. The ancient naturalists allow of two sorts of alum, natural and factitious. The natural is found in the island of Milo, being a kind of whitish stone, very light, friable, and porqus, and streaked with filaments resembling silver. England, Italy, and Flanders, are the countries where alum is principally produced ; and the English roche alum is made from a bluish mineral stone, in the hills of Yorkshire and Lancashire. Saccharine alum is a composition of common alum, with rose-water and whites of eggs boiled together, to the consistence of a paste, and thus moulded at pleasure. As it cools, it grows hard 2s a stone. Burnt alum is alum calcined over the fire. Plunose or plume alum is a sort of saline mineral stone, of various colours, most commonly white, bordering on green: it rises in threads, or fibres, resembling those of a feather; whence its name from pluma, a feather. Chambers. By long beating the white of an egg with a lump of alum, you may bring it, for the most part, into white curds. Boyle. Alum ston E. m, s. A stone or calx used in surgery; perhaps alum calcined, which then becomes corrosive. She gargled with oxycrate, and was in a few days cured, by touching it with the vitriol and alum stones. , Wiseman. Alu'Minous. adj. [from alum.] Relating to alum, or consisting of alum.

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Nor do we reasonably conclude, beeause by a cold and aluminous moisture, it is able awhile to resist the fire, that, from a peculiarity of nature, it subsisteth and liveth in it. ro-zon. The tumour may have other mixture with it, to make it of a vitriolick or aluminous nature. Wiseman's Surgery. A’lways, adv. [It is sometimes written alway, compounded of all and way 5 eallepatza, Sax. tuttavia, Ital.] 1. Perpetually; throughout all time: opposed to sometime, or to never. That, which sometime is expedient, doth not always so continue. ooker. an never is, but always to be blest. Pope. 2. Constantly; without variation: opposed to sometimes, or to mov and then. . He is always great, when some great occasion is presented to him. Dryden. A. M. stands for artium magister, or master of arts; the second degree of our universities, which in some foreign countries is called doctor of philosophy. AM. The first person of the verb to be, [See To Be..] And God said unto Moses I am that I am : and he said, thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I am hath sent me unto you. Exod. Come then, my soul, I call thee by that name, Thou busy thing, from whence I know I am : For knowing that I am, I know thou art; Since that must needs exist, which can impart. Arior. AMA BI'lit Y. n. . [from amahilis, Lat.] Loveliness; the power of pleasing. No rules can make amability, our minds and apprehensions make that; and so is our felicity. Taylor. AMADE"TTO. m. s. A sort of pear. (See PEAR.] So called, says Skinner, from the name of him who cultivated it. 4'MADOT. n.s. A sort of pear. [See PEAR.] AMA'is. adv. [from maine, or maigne, old Fr. derived from magnus, Lat.j With vehemence; with vigour; fierce. ly ; violently. It is used of any action performed with precipitation, whether of fear or courage, or of any violent effort.

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tals procured-by amalgamation. See AM a lo AMAT 1 on. The induration of the amalgam appears to proceed from the new texture resulting from the coalition of the mingled ingredients, that make. up the amalgam. Boyle. To AMA’L GAMAT E. v. a. [from amalgam.] To unite metals with quicksilver, which may be practised upon all metals, except iron and copper. The use of this operation is, to make the metal soft and ductile. Gold is, by this method, drawn over other materials by the gilders. AMA LG AMA'tion. n. . [from amalgamate.] The act or practice of amalgamating metals. 4:::::::::: is the mixing of mercury with any of the metals. The manner is thus in gold, the rest are answerable: Take six parts of mercury, mix them hot in a crucible, and pour them to one part of gold made red hot in another crucible; stir these well that they may incorporate; then cast the mass into cold water, and wash it. Bacon. AMANDA’tion. n.s.. [from amando, Lat.] The act of sending on a message, or employment. AMANUE'NSIS. n. 4. [Lat..] A person who writes what another dictates. A'Mar Art H. n.s.. [amaranthus, Lat. from • and *;&iw.] A plant. Among the many species, the most beautiful are, 1. The tree amaranth. 2. The long pendulous amaranth, with reddish coloured seeds, commonly called Love lies a bleeding. 2. In poetry it is sometimes an imaginary flower, supposed, according to its name, never to fade. Immortal amaranth o a flower which once in Paradise, fast by the tree of life, Began to bloom; but soon, for man's offence, To heav'n remov’d, where first it grew, there

ows, Also, aloft, shading the fount of life; And where the river of bliss, thro' midst of heav'n, Rowls o'er Elysian flow'rs her amber stream: With these, that never fade, the spirits elect Bind their resplendent locks, inwreath'd with beams. Milton's Paradise Lost. AMARA'N THIN E. adj.[amarantbinus. Lat.] Relating to amaranths; consisting of amaranths. By the streams that ever flow, By the fragrant winds that blow O'er the elysian flow'rs; *By those happy souls that dwell In yellow meads of asphodel, Or amarantbine bow'rs. Pope. AMA'Ritude. n.s. Lamaritudo, Lat.] Bitterness. What arraritude or acrimony is deprehended in choler, it acquires from a commixture of me

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AMA's MENT. n.s.. [from amass.] A heap; an accumulation; a collection. What is now, is but an amasment of imaginary conceptions, prejudices, ungrounded opinions, and infinite impostures. Glanville's Scop. Scient. To AMA'SS. v. a. Lamasser, Fr.] 1. To collect together in one heap or mass. The rich man is not blamed, as having made use of any unlawful means to amass riches, as having thriven by fraud and injustice. Atterbury." When we would think of infinite space or duration, we, at first step, usually make some very large idea, as perhaps of millions of ages, or miles, which possibly we double and multiply several times. All that we thus amas; together in our thoughts, is positive, and the assemblage of a great number of positive ideas of space or duration. Locke. 2. In a figurative sense, to add one thing. to another, generally with some share of reproach, either of eagerness or indiscrimination. Such as amas, all relations, must err in some, and be unbelieved in many. Brown's Vulg. Br. Do not content so with mere words, lest your improvements only amass aheap of unintelligible phrases. Watts' Improv. of the Mind. The life of Homer has been written, by amassing of all the traditions and hints the writers could meet with, in order to tell a story of him to the world, ope. AMA'ss. n. . [amas, Fr.] An assemblage; an accumulation. This pillar is but a medley or amass of all the precedent ornaments making a new kind by stealth. Wotton. To AMA'te. v. a. [from a and mate. See MATE.] 1. To accompany; to entertain as a companion. Obsolete, A lovely bevy of fair ladies sate, Courted of many a jolly paramour, The which them did in modest wise amate, And each one sought his lady to aggrate. Fairy Q. 2. To terrify; to strike with horrour. In this sense, it is derived from the old French matter, to crush or subdue. AMAto'Rculist. m. s. [amatorculus, Lat.] A little insignificant lover; a pretender to affection. Dict. A/MA To R Y. adj.[amatorius, Lat.] Relating to love; causing love. It is the same thing whether one ravish Lucretia by force, as Tarquin, or by amatory potions not only allure her, but necessitate her to satisfy his lust, and incline her effectually, and draw her inevitably, to follow him spontaneously. Bramball against Hobber. AMAURO'SIS. m. s. [äuavow.] A dimness of sight, not from any visible defect in the eye, but from some distemperature of the inner parts, occasioning the representations of flies and dust floating before the eyes: which appearances are the parts of the retina hid and compressed by the blood vessels being too much distended ; so that in many of its

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