Imágenes de páginas

generally used of vitious love. The ou sounds like oo in poor. -- No man is of so general and diffusive a lust, as to prosecute his amours all the world over; and let it burn never so outrageously, yet the impure flame will either die of itself, or consume

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But how can Jove in his amours be found Add. A/Mpe R. n. s. sampne, Sax.] A tumour with inflammation; bile. A word said, by Skinner, to be much in use in Essex; but, perhaps, not found in books. AMPHIBIOUS. adj. [*** and £32.] 1. That partakes of two natures, so as to live in two elements; as in air and water. A creature of amphibious nature, On land a beast, a fish in water. Hudibrar. Those are called amphibious, which live freely in the air, upon the earth, and yet are observed to live long upon water, as if they were natural inhabitants .that element; though it be worth the examination to know, whether any of those creatures that live at ease, and by choice, a good while, or at any time, upon the earth, can live, a long time together, perfectly under water. A. doza. Fishes contain much oil, and amphibious animals participate somewhat of the nature of fishes, and are oily. Arbuthnet. 2. Of a mixt nature, in allusion to animals that live in air and water. Traulus of amphibious breed, Motley fruit of mungrel seed; By the dam from lordlings sprung, By the sire exhaled from dung. Swift. AM Phi'bious N Ess. n.s.. [from amphibious.] The quality of being able to live in different elements. AM Phi Bolo'Gical. adj. [from amphibology.] Doubtful. Amphibologically, adv. [from amphibological.] Doubtfully; with a doubtful meaning. - - AMPHIBO'LOGY. m. s. [égoosa.] Discourse of uncertain meaning. It is distinguished from equivocation, which means the double signification of a single word; as, noli regem occidere timere Bonum est, is amphibology; captare lepore, meaning, by lepores, cither hares orjests, is equivocation. Now the fallacies, whereby men deceive ethers, and are deceived themselves, the ancients have divided into verbal and real; of the verbal, and such as conclude from mistakes of the word, there are but two worthy our notation; the fallacy of equivocation, and amphibology. Brown. He that affirm’d, 'gainst sense, snow black to


Might prove it by this amphibology;

Things are not what they seem. Perr. on Cleaveland. In defining obvious appearances, we are to use what is most plain and easy; that the mind be not misled by ampbilologies into fallacious deductions. Glanville. AM rhi'solous. adj, [out, and Éow.]

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****, and oiáoza.] A building in a circular or oval form, having its area encompassed with rows of seats one above another; where spectators might behold spectacles, as stage plays, or gladiators. The theatres of the ancients were built in the form of a semicircle, only exceeding a just semicircle by one fourth part of the diameter; and the amphitheatre is two theatres joined together; so that the longest diameter of the amphitheatre was to the shortest, as one and a half to one. Within, an amphitheatre appear'd Rais'd in degrees; to sixty paces rear'd, That when a man was plac'd in one degree, Height was allow'd for him above to see. Drya. Conceive a man placed in the burning iron chair at Lyons, amid the insults and mockeries of a crowded amphitheatre, and still keeping his seat; or stretched upon a grate j coals of fire, and breathing out his soul among the exquisite sufferings of such a tedious execu

tion, rather than renounce his religion, or blaspheme his Saviour. 4ddirem

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Heav'n descends In universal bounty, shedding herbs, And fruits, and flowers, on Nature's ample lap. Gorra-

2. Great in bulk.

Did your letters pierce the queen to any demonstration of grief?—

She took 'em, and read 'em in my presence, And now and then an ample tear trill'd down Her delicate cheeks. Shakspeare's King Lear.

3. Unlimited; without restriction.

Have what you ask, your presents I receive; Land where and when you please, with :

leave. Dry

4. Liberal; large; without parsimony.

If we speak of strict justice, God could no way have been bound to requite man's labours in to large and ample manner as human felicity doth import; in as much as the dignity of this exceedeth so far the other's value. Hooker. 3. Magnificent; splendid. o dispose the prince the more willingly to undertake his relief, the earl made ample promises, that, within so many days after the siege should be raised, he would advance his highness's lexies with two thousand men. Clarendon. 6. Diffusive; not contracted; as, an ample Marrative; that is, not an epitome. MPLEN Ess. n.s.. [from ample.] The quality of being ample; largeness; o mpossible it is for a person of my condition to produce anything in proportion either to the ampleness of the pody you represent, or of the Places you bear. outh. To AMF liate. v. a. samplio, Lat.] To enlarge; to make greater; to extend. e shall look upon it, not to traduce or extenuate, but to explain and dilucidate, to add and ampliate. - Brown. AMPLA'tion. n.s.. [from ampliate.] 1. Enlargement; exaggeration ; extenSion. Odious matters admit not of an ampliation, but : to be restrained and interpreted in the oldest sense. Ayliffe's Parergon. *: Diffuseness; enlargement. .The obscurity of the subject, and the prejudice and prepossession of most readers, may d excuse for any ampliations or repetitions that may be found, whilst I labour to express myself plain and full. older. *AMPLI'F1.c.A.T.E. v. a. samplifico, Lat.] To enlarge; to spread out; to ano; ict. AMplific Arron. n.s. [amplification, Fr. *plificatio, Lat.] * Enlargement; extension. a. It is usually taken in a rhetorical sense, and implies exaggerated representation, or diffuse narrative; an image heightened beyond reality; a narrative enlarged with many circumstances. I shall summarily, without any amplification at all, shew in what manner defects fiave been ". Davier. hings unknown seem greater than they are, and are usually received with amplifications above elf nature. Brown's Volgar Erreurs. l; the poet justifiable for relating such, incredible amplifications f It may be answered, if he had put these extravagancés into the mouth of Ulysses, he had been unpardonable; but they suit well the character of Alcinous. Pope. 'MPLIF1 E.R. m. s. [from To ampliff.] One that enlarges anything; one that exaggerates; one that represents any thing with a large display of the best £ircumstances: it being usually taken in a good sense. Dorillaus could need no amplifier's mouth for the highest point of praise. Sidney. To A'MP lify. v. a. samplifier, Fr.] 1. To enlarge; to increase any material substance, or object of sense.

So when a great moneyed man hath divided his chests, and coins, and bags, he seemeth to himself richer than he was: and therefore a way to amplify any thing is to break it, and to make anatomy of it in several parts, and to examine it according to the several circumstances. Bacon. All concaves that proceed from more narrow to more broad, do amplify the sound at the coming out. Bacon. 2. To enlarge, or extend any thing incorporeal. As the reputation of the Roman prelates grew up in these blind ages, so grew up in them withal a desire of amplifying their power, that they might be as great in temporal forces, as men's opinions have formed them in spiritual matters. Raleigh. 3. To exaggerate any thing; to enlarge * it by the manner of representation. Thy general is my lover; I have been The of his good acts; whence men have rea His fame unparallel'd, haply amplifted. Shakr. Since I have plainly laid open the negligence and erreurs of every age that is past, I would not willingly seem to flatter the present, by amplifying the diligence and true judgment of those servitours that have laboured in this vineyard. - Davier. 4. To enlarge ; to improve by new additions. In paraphrase the author's words are not strictly followed; his sense too is †. but not altered, as Waller's translation of Virgil. Dryd. I feel age advancing, and my health is insufficient to increase and amplify these remarks, to . confirm and improve these rules, and to illuminate the j. Watts. To A'M Pll FY. v. n. Frequently with the particle on. 1. To speak largely in many words; to lay one’s self out in diffusion. When you affect to amplify, on the former branches of a discourse, you will often lay a necessity upon yourself of contracting the latter, and prevent yourself in the most important part of your design. Watts' Logito. 2. To form large or pompous representations. An excellent medicine for the stone might be conceived, by amplifying apprehensions able to break a diamond. Brown's Vulgar Errourr. I have sometimes been forced to amplify on others; but here, where the subject is so fruitful that the harvest overcomes the reaper, I am shortemed by my chain. Dryden. Homer amplifies, not invents; and as there was really a people called Cyclopeans, so they might be men of great stature, or giants. Pope's Odys. A'MP Lit Up E. n. 4. [amplitude, Fr. amplitudo, Lat.] I. Extent. Whatever I look upon, within the amplitude of heaven and earth, is evidence of human ignorances Glanville. 2. Largeness ; greatness. Men should learn how severe a thing, the true inquisition of nature is, and accustom themselves, by the light of jo to enlarge their minds to i. amplitude of the world. and not reduce the world to the narrowness of their minds. Pazza. K 2


3. Capacity; extent of intellectual faculties. With more than human gifts from heav'n adorn'd, Perfections absolute, graces divine, And amplitude of mind to greatest deeds. Milton. 4. Splendour; grandeur; dignity. n the great frame of kingdoms and commonwealths, it is in the power of princes, or estates, to add amplitude and greatness to their kingdoms. Bacon's Essayr. 5. Copiousness; abundance. You should say every thing which has a proper and direct tendency to this end; always proportioning the amplitude of your matter, and the fulness of your discourse, to your great design; the length of your time, to the convenience of your hearers. Watts' Logick. 6. Amplitude of the range of a projectile, denotes the horizontal line subtending the path in which it moved. 7. Amplitude, in astronomy, an arch of the horizon, intercepted between the true east and west point thereof, and the centre of the sun or star at its rising or setting. It is eastern or ortive, when the star rises; and western or occiduous, when the star sets. The eastern or western amplitude arealso called northern or southern, as they fall in the northern or southern quarters of the horizon. 3. Magnetical amplitude is an arch of the horizon contained between the sun at his rising, and the east or west points of the compass; or, it is the difference of the rising or setting of the sun, from the east or west parts of the compass. - Chambers. A'MPLY. adv. [ample, Lat.] 1. Largely ; liberally. For whose well-being, So o: and with hands so liberal, Thou hast provided all things. Milton. The evidence they had before was enough, :. enough, to convince them; but they were resolved not to be convinced; and to those who are resolved not to be convinced, all motives, all arguments, are equal. Atterbury. 2. At large; without reserve. At return Of him so lately promis'd to thy aid, The woman's seed, obscurely then foretold, Now amplier known, thy Saviour, and thy Lord. Milton. 3. At large; copiously; with a diffusive detail. f b I Some parts of a poem require to be am wo with §. . and ...; words; others must be cast into shadows, that is, passed over in silence, or but faintly touched. Dryden's Dufresnoy. To A'MPUTATE. v. a. [amputo, Lat.] To cut off a limb: a word used only in chirurgery. Amongst the cruizers, it was complained, that their surgeons were too active in amputating fractured members. Wiseman's Surgery. AMPUTA'tion, n. 4. [amputatio, Lat.]

other necessaries.

The operation of cutting of a limb, d?

other part of the body. The usual method ofroot. in the instance of a leg, is as follows, e proper E. for the operation being four or five inches elow the knee, the skin and flesh are first to be drawn very tight upwards, and secured from returning by a ligature two or three fingers broad: above this ligature another loose one is passed, for the gripe; which being twisted by means of a sick, may be straitened to any degree at pleasure. Then the patient being conveniently situated, and the operator placed to the inside of the limb, which is to be held by one assistant above, and another below the part designed for the operation, and the gripe .#. twisted to prevent too large an haemorrhage, the flesh is, with a stroke or two, to be separated from the bone with the dismembering knife. Then the periosteum being also divided from the bone with the back of the knife, saw the bone asunder with as few strokes as possible. When two parallel bones are concerned, the flesh that grows betweenthem must likewise be separated before the use of the saw. This being done, the gripe may be slackened, to É. an opportunity o †: for the large lood-vessels, and securing the harmorrhage at their mouths. After making proper application: to the stump, loosen the first ligature, and pull both the skin and the flesh, as far as conveniently may be, over the stump, to cover it; and secure them with the cross stitch made at the depth of half or three quarters of an inch in the skin. Then apply pledgets, astringents, plaisters, and - Chambert. The amazons, by the amputation oftheir right breast, had the freer use of their bow. Brown.

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keep in expectation; as, he amused his followers with idle promises. AMoseMENT. n. *... [amusement, Fr.] That which amuses; entertainment. Every interest or pleasure of life, even the most trifling amusement, is suffered to postpone the one thing necessary. Rogers. During his confinement, his amusement was to give o to dogs and cats, and see them expire by slower or quicker torments. Pope. I was left to stand the battle, while others, who had better talents than a draper, thought it no unpleasant amusement to look on with safety, whilst another was giving them diversion at the hazard of his liberty. Swift. AMU'ser. m. s. samuseur, Fr.] He that amuses, as with false promises. The French word is always taken in an ill Sense. AMU'sive. adj. [from amuse.] That has the power of amusing. I know not that this is a current word. ut amaz'd, Behold th’ annutive arch before him fly, Then vanish quite away. Thomson. AMy'gdal at E. adj. [amygdala, Lat.] Made of almonds. . AMYG D A LIN E. adj. [amygdala, Lat.] Relating to almonds; resembling almonds. AN. article. [ane, Saxon; cen, Dutch ; eine, German.] The article indefinite, used before a vowel, or h mute. See A. 1. One, but with less emphasis; as, there stands an ox. Since he cannot be always employed in study, reading, and conversation, there will be many an hour, to: what his exercises will take up. Ilocke. 2. Any, or some ; as, an elephant might swim in this water. He was no way at an uncertainty, nor ever in the least at a loss concerning any §o of it. Locke. A wit’s a feather, and a chief a rod, An honest man's the noblest work of God. Pope. 3. Sometimes it signifies, like a, some particular state; but this is now disused. It is certain that odours do, in a small degree, nourish; especially the odour of wine: and we see men an hungered do love to smell hot bread. Bacon. A. An is sometimes, in old authors, a contraction of and if: He can't flatter, he An honest mind and plain; he must speak truth, 4n they will take it, so; if not, he's plain. Shakt. 5. Sometimes a contraction of and before Well I know The clerk will ne'er wear hair on 's face that

1t. -He will an’ if he live to be a man. Shakup. 6. Sometimes it is a contraction of as if y next pretty correspondent, like Shakspeare's lion in Pyramus and Thisbe, roars an' it were any nightingale. Addison. *NA. adv. o; word used in the prescriptions of physick, importing the like quantity ; as wine and honey, a or

ona 3 ii; that is, of wine and honey

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sn the same weight innocence and prudence

take Ana of each does the just mixture make. Cowley. He'll bring an apothecary with a chargeable long bill of anas. Dryden.

A’NA. m. s. Books so called from the last syllables of their titles; as, Scaligerana, Thuaniana; they are loose thoughts, or casual hints, dropped by eminent men, and collected by their friends. ANACA'MPT ick, adj. [&axápola.] Reflecting, or reflected : an anacamptick sound, an echo; an anacamptick hill, a hill that produces an echo. AN AcA’M pricks. n. 4. The doctrine of reflected light, or catoptricks. It has no singular. ANAC AT HA’RT1c K. m. s. [See CATH ARTick.] Any medicine that works upward. Quincy. ANACEPHALAEO’SIS. n.s. [ovaxstaraivai...] Recapitulation, or summary of the principal heads of a discourse. Dict. AN *::::::::::::: m. s. [sometimes vitiANA’c Ho RITE. 9 ously written anchorite ; droxwoon...] A monk who, with the leave of his superiour, leaves the convent for a more austere and solitary life. Yet lies not love dead here, but here doth sit, Vow'd to this trench, like an anachorite. Donne. ANA’ch Ro N is M. m. s. [from 3;4 and x33x3-.] An errour in computing time, by which events are misplaced with regard to each other. It seems properly to signify an errour by which an eventis placed too early ; but is generally used for *} errour in chronology. This leads me to the defence of the famous anachronism, in making Æneas and Dido cotemporaries: for it is certain, that the hero lived almost two hundred years before the building of Carthage. Dryden. ANAc LA’Ticks. m. s. [&yo and x^40.] The doctrine of refracted light; diopticks. It has no singular. ANADIPLO’SIS. m. s. [äyor) wh:..] Reduplication ; a figure in rhetorick, in which the last word of a foregoing member of a period becomes the first of the following ; as, he retained his virtues amid all his misfortunes, misfortunes which only his virtues brought upon him. AN AGo GE’tic Al, adj.lávayor).Thatcontributes or relates to spiritual elevation, or religious raptures; mysterious; elevated above humanity. I)ict. AN AGo'gical. adj. [anagogique, Fr.] Mysterious ; elevated; religiously exalted. Dict. AN AG o'G1c ALLY. adv. [from anagogical.] Mysteriously; with religious elevation. A/NAGRAM. n.s.. [avá and youtwa.] ...A. conceit arising from the letters of a name transposed; as this, of Wii,1,1,i,a,” Noy, attorney-general to Charles I. a very laborious man, I moyl in law.

Though all her parts be not in th' usual place, She hath yet the Anagrams of a good face: If we might put the letters but one way, ? In that lean dearth of words what could we say? Donne. Thy genius calls thee not to purchase some In keen iambicks, but mild anagram. Dryden. ANAGRAMM arism n. . [from anagram.] The act or practice of making amagrams, The only quintessence that hitherto the alchymy of wit could draw out of names, is anagrammatism, or metagrammatism, which is a disfolution of a name truly written into its letters, as its elements, and a new connexion of it by artificial transposition, without addition, substraction, or change of any letter, into different words, making some perfect sense applicable to the person named. Camden. AN AGRA'MMAT ist. n. . [from anagram.] A maker of anagrams. To ANA GRA'MMAT1z F. v. n. [anagrammatiser, Fr.] To make anagrams. Asale"Ptic K. adj. [&axo~..] Comforting; corroborating : a term of physick. Analeptick medicines cherish the nerves, and renew the spirits and strength. Quincy. ANA'Lo GA.I. adj. [from analogy.] "Anālogous; having relation. - - When I see many analogal motions in animals, though I cannot call them voluntary, yet I see them spontaneous, I have reason to conclude that

fitness to be applied for the illustration of some analogy. ANA'Log IsM n.s.[3<x<you?..] An argument from the cause to the effect. To, ANA’.9Gize. v. a. [from analogy.] To explain by way of analogy; to form some resemblance between different things; to consider something with regari to its analogy with somewhat else. We have systems of material bodies, diversly figured and situated, if separately considered; they represent the object of the desire, whichi, analogized by attraction or gravitation. Chon. ANA'io Gous. adj. [&yo and x2,3-.] I. Having analogy; bearing some resemblance or proportion; having something parallel. * Exercise makes things easy, that would be otherwise very hard; as, in labour, watchings, heats, and colds; and then there is something *Soul in the exercise of the mind to that of the body. It is folly and infirmity that makes us delicate and froward. L'Estrange. Many important consequences may be drawn from the observation of the most common things, and analogous reasonings from the causes of them. - Arbuthnot. 2. It has the word to before the thing to which the resemblance is noted. This incorporeal substance may have some sort of existence, analogous to corpèreal extension; though we have no adequate conception *::::

theseintheir principle are not simply mechanical. ANA'LOGY.. n. *. [3rocytc.) * I. Resemblance between things with re.

ANALogical. adj. [from analogy.] I. Used by way of analogy. # Seems properly distinguished from analogous, as words from things; analogous sigRifies having relation, and analogical having the quality of representing relation. It is looked on only as the image of the true God, and that not as a proper likeness, but by analogical representation. Stillingfleet.

When a word, which originally signifies any

particular idea or object, is attributed to several other objects, not by way of resemblance, but on the acount of some evident reference to the original idea, this is peculiarly called an analogi

egl word; so a sound or healthy pulse, a sound 2.

digestion, sound sleep, are so called, with reference to a sound an healthy constitution; but

if you speak of sound doctrine, or sound speech,

this is by way of resemblance to health, and the words are metaphorical. Hatts' Logies.

2. Analogous; having resemblance or re

lation. There is placed the mineral between the inanimate and vegetable province, participating something analogical to either. - ‘Hai. ANA lo'gically.adw. [from analogical.] In an analogical manner; in an analo: gous manner. I am convinced, from the sin.plicity and uniformity of the Divine Nature, and of all his works, that there is some one universal principle,

running through the whole system of creature: 3. By grammarians, it is used to

analogically, and congruous to their relative na. tures. . . syne. ANA Lo'Grca LNEss. n.s.. [from analogical.] The quality of being analogicai,

gard to some circumstances or effects ; , as learning is said to enlighten the mind; that is, it is to the mind what light is to the eye, by enabling it to discover that which was hidden before. From God it hath proceeded, that the church hath evermore held a prescript form of common prayer, although not in all things every where the same, yet, for the most part, retaining the same analogy. Hocker. What I here observe of extraordinary revelation and prophecy, will, by analogy and due Proportion, extend even to those &mmunications of God's will, that are requisite to divation. South. When the thing, to which the analogy is supposed, happens to be mentioned, analogy has after it the particles to or with ; when both the things are mentioned after analogy, the particle2eton or beiwixt is used. If the body politick have any analogy to the natural, an act of oblivion were necessary in a hot distempered state. Pryden. y "alogy with all other liquors and concretions, the form of the chaos, whether liquid * concrete, could not be the same with that of the present earth. Burnet's Theory. If we make Juvenal express the customs of * country, rather than of Rome, it is when there was some analogy betwix; the customs. * Dryden. signify the agreement of several words in one Common mode; as, from love is formed *ed; from hate, hated; from &rieve, £rieved.'' t ;

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