Imágenes de páginas

ANA'lysis. n.s. [&áAves:..]

1. A separation of a compound body into the several parts of which it consists.

There is an account of dew falling, in some places, in the form of butter, or grease, which grows extremely fetid; so that the analysis of the dew of any place, may, perhaps, be the best method of finding such contents of the soil as are within the reach of the sun. Arbuthnot.

4. A consideration of any thing in parts, so as that one particular is first considered, then another. Analyst, consists in making experiments and observations, and in drawing general conclusions from them by induction, and admitting of moobjections but such as are taken from experiments, or other certain truths. Newton's Opticks. 3. A solution of anything, whether corporeal or mental, to its first elements; as, of a sentence to the single words; of a compound word, to the particles and words which form it; of a tune, to single notes; of an argument, to simple propositions. § j. anything of nature, but by an analysis of its true initial causes; till we know the first springs of natural motions, we are still but ignorants. Glanville. As Alv'rica L. adj. [from analysis.] . 1. That resolves anything into first principles; that separates any compound. See AN A LYSIS. Either may be probably maintained against the inaccurateness of the analytical experiments vulgarly relied on. - Boyle. 1.That proceeds by analysis, or by taking the parts of a compound into distinct and particular consideration. Descartes hath here infinitely outdone all the philosophers that went before him, in giving a particular and analytical account of the universal fabrick: yet he intends his principles but for hypotheses. - Glanville. As Aly’ric ALLY. adv.[from analytical.] In such manner as separates compounds into simples. See ANALYsis. An aly’rick. adj. [waavrix@..]. The manner of resolving compounds into the simple constituent or component parts: applied chiefly to mental operations. He was in logick a great critick, Profoundly skill'd in analytick. Hudibrar. Analytic method takes the whole compound as it finds it, whether it be a species or an individual, and leads us into the knowledge of it, by resolving into its first principles, or parts, its generick nature, and its special properties; and therefore it is called the method of resolution. Watts' Logick. To ANALYZE. v. a. [&ovo.) To resolve a compound into its first principles. See AN A LY SIs. Chemistry enabling us to depurate bodies, and in some measure to analyze them, and take asunder their heterogeneous parts, in many chymical experiments, we may, better than in others, know what manner of bodies we employ; art having made them more simple or uncompounded, than nature alone is wont to present them us. Boyle. To analyze the immorality of any action into its last principles; if it be enquired, why such an

[ocr errors]

action is to be avoided, the immediate answeris, because it is sin. Norris's Miscellania.

When the sentence is distinguished into subject and predicate, proposition, argument, act, object, cause, effect, adjunct, opposite, &c. then it is analyzed analogically and metaphysically. This last is what is chiefly meant in the theological schools, when they speak of analyzing a text of scripture. Watts' Logici.

A's A LY2 ER. m. s. [from To analyze.]

That which has the power of analyzing.

Particular reasonsincline me to doubt whether the fire be the true and universal analyzer of mixt bodies. Boyle.

ANAMORPHOSIS. n.s.[42 and to:::...]

Deformation; a perspective projection of any thing, so that to the eye, at onepoint of view, it shall appear deformed, in another, an exact and regular representation. Sometimes it is made to appear confused to the naked eye, and regular when viewed in a mirror of a gertain form.

The species are, I. Oval-shaped pine-apple, with a whitish flesh. , 2, Pyramidal pine-apple, with a yellow flesh., 3. Pine-apple, with smooth leaves. 4. Pine-apple, with shining green leaves, and scarce any spines on their edges. 5. The olive-coloured pine. Miller.

Witness thou best anana, thou the pride Of vegetable life, beyond whate'er The poets imag'd in the golden age. Thomron.

[ocr errors]

when several clauses of a sentence are begun with the same word, or sound ; as, Where is the wise 2 JWhere is the scribe o Where is the disputer of this qvorld 2 ANA Plero'tick. adj. [änzanow..] That fills up any vacuity: used of applications which promote flesh.

A'NARCH. m. s. [See ANARchy.] An

author of confusion. Him thus the anarch old, With fault'ring speech, and visage incompos'd, Answer'd. Milton. ANA/R chic AL. adj. [from anarchy.] Confused; without rule or government. In this anarchical and rebellious state of human nature, the faculties belonging to the material world presume to determine the nature of subjects belonging to the supreme Spirit. Cheyne. A/N ARch Y. m. s. [&oxia.] Want of government ; a state in which every man is unaccountable; a state without magistracy. Where eldest Night And Chaos, ancestors of Nature, hold Eternal anarchy amidst the noise, Of endless wars, and by confusion stand. Mill. Arbitrary power is §§ the first natural step from anarchy, or the savage life; the adjusting power and freedom being an effect and conse: quence of maturer thinking. Szwift. ANASA'RCA, n. s. from #wo and ga;;. A sort of dropsy, where the whole substance is stuffed with pituitoushumours. Quincy. When the lymphastagnates, or is extravasated under the skin, it is called an anasarca. Arbuth.

[ocr errors]

lating to an anasarca; partaking of the nature of an anasarca. A gentlewoman laboured of an ascites, with an anasarcous swelling of her belly, thighs, and legs. Wiseman. ANAstom A'tick, adj. [from 32 and révo..] That has the quality of opening the vessels, or & removing obstructions. ANASTOMO’SIS. n.s.[from #2 and roux.] The inosculation of vessels, or the opening of one vesesel into another; as, of the arteries into the veins. ANA'STROPHE. n.s. [äyaro, a preposterous placing, from &c.; giva.] A figure whereby words which should have been precedent, are postponed. ANA''THEMA. 71. J. [&vaşiţa.] 1. A curse pronounced by ecclesiastical authority ; excommunication. Her bare anathemas fall but like so many bruta fulmina upon the schismatical; who think themselves shrewdly hurt, forsooth, by being cut off from the body, which they choose not to be of. South's Sermons. 1. The object of the curse, or person cursed. This seems the original meaning, though now little used. N AT H E MA’t ic A L. adj.[from amathema.] That has the properties of an anathema; that relates to an anathema. AN AT HEMA’ric ALLY. adv. [from anathematical.] In an anathematical manner. To ANATH E'MAT 1z E. v. a. [from anathema.] To pronounce accursed by ecclesiastical authority; to excommunicate. They were therefore to be anathematized, and, with detestation branded, and banished out of the church. Hammond. AN ATI'Ferous adj. [from anas and fero, Lat..] Producing ducks. Not in use. If there be anatiferous trees, whose corruption breaks forth into barnacles; yet, if they corrupt, they degenerate into maggots, which produce not them again. Brown's Pulgar Errour. ANA’s oc is M. m. s. [anatorismus, Lat. &valaxiaozo;..] The accumulation of interest upon interest; the addition of the interest due for money lent, to the original sum. A species of usury generally forbidden. AN AT o'Mica L. adj. [from anatomy.] 3. Relating or belonging to anatomy. When we are taught by logick to view a thing completely in all its parts, by the help of division, it has the use of an anatomical knife, which dissects an animal body, and separates the veins, arteries, nerves, muscles, membranes, $5'c. and shews us the several parts which go to the composition of a complete animal. Watts' Logick. 2. Proceeding upon principles taught in anatomy; considered as the object of anatomy. There is a natural, involuntary distortion of the muscles, which is the anatomical cause of laughter; but there is another cause of laughter, which decency requires. Swift. 3. Anatomized ; dissected; separated. The continuation of solidity is apt to be confined with, and, if we will look into the minute

anatomical parts of matter, is little different from, hardness. Locks, AN Ato'Mic All Y. adv. [from anatomical.] In an anatomical manner; in the sense of an anatomist; according to the doctrine of anatomy. While some affirmed it had no gall, intending only thereby no evidence of anger or fury, others have construed anatomically, and denied that part at all. rown's Vulgar Errouri. ANA’ToM1 st. m. s. [3,412p.2:..] He that studies the structure of animal bodies, by means of dissection; he that divides the bodies of animals, to discover the various parts. Anatomists adjudged, that if nature had been suffered to run her own course, without this fatal interruption, he might have doubled his age, Howes. Hence when anatomists discourse, How like brutes' organs are to ours; They grant, if higher powers think fit, A bear might soon be made a wit; And that, for any thing in nature, Pigs might squeak love-odes, dogs bark satire. - Frior. To ANA’ToM1z E. v. a. [avasiow.] 1. To dissect an animal; to divide the body into its component or constituent parts. Qur industry must even anatomize every particle of that body, which we are to uphold. Ficeker. 2. To lay any thing open distinctly, and by minute parts. speak but brotherly of him, but should I anatomize him to thee as he is, I must blush and weep, and thou must look pale and wonder, Shakspeare. Then dark distinctions reason's light disguis'd, And into atoms truth anatomiz'd. Lenban. ANATOMY. n. 4. [oralegia.] 1. The art of dissecting the body. It is proverbially said, Formica sua bili, inct, Babet et musca plemen ; whereas these parts anatomy hath not discovered in insects. Brown. It is therefore in the anatomy of the mind, as in that of the body; more good will accrue to mankind, by attending to the large, open, and perceptible parts, than by studying, too much such finer nerves and vessels, as will for ever escape our observation. Pope, 2. The doctrine of the structure of the body, learned by dissection. Let the muscles be well inserted and bound together, according to the knowledge of them which is given us by anatomy. Dryden. 3. The act of dividing any thing, whether cool or intellectual. When a moneyed man hath divided his chests, he seemeth to himself richer than he was; therefore, a way to amplify any thing, is to break it, and to make anatomy of it in several parts. - Bacon. 4. The body stripped of its integuments; a skeleton. O that my tongue were in the thunder's mouth, Then with a passion I would shake the world, And rouse from sleep that fell anatomy, Which cannot hear a feeble lady's voice. SR-4. 5. By way of irony or ridicule, a thin meagre person. They brought one Pinch, a hungry lean-fac'd villain, *

mere , a mountebank, . A thread-bare juggler, and a fortune-teller, ' A needy, hollow-ey'd, sharp looking wretch, A living dead man. Shakspeare.

A'N AT so N m. s. The scum which swims . upon the molten glass in the furnace,

which, when taken off, melts in the air, and then coagulates into common salt. It is likewise that salt which gathers upon the walls of vaults. A'N BURY. m. s. See AM BURY. ATNCESTOR. m. s. [ancestor, Lat. anrestre, Fr.] One from whom a person. descends, either by the father or the mother. It is distinguished from predecessor; which is not, like ancestor, a natural but civil denomination. An hereditary monarch succeeds to his anrestors ; an elective to his predecessors. And she lies buried with her ancestors, . O, in a tomb where never scandal slept, Save this of her’s. *::::::::: , Cham was the paternal ancestor of Ninus, the father of Cnus, the grandfather of Nimrod; whose son was Belus, the father of Ninus. Raleigh. Obscure! why pr’ythee what am I? I know My father, grandsire, and great grandsire too: If farther I derive my pedigree, I can but guess beyond the fourth degree. The rest of my forgotten ancertors Were sons of earth like him, or sons of whores. Dryden. A'Nces.T REL. adj.[from ancestor.] Claimed from ancestors; relating to ancestors: a term of law. Limitation in actions ancestrel, was anciently so here in England. Hale. A'Nc Est RY. n.f. [from ancestor.] 1. Lineage; a series of ancestors, or progenitors; the persons who compose the lineage. Phedon I hight, quoth he ; and do advance Mine ancestry from famous Coradin, Who first to raise our house to honour did begin. correr. A tenacious adherence to the rights and liberties transmitted from a wise and virtuous ancentry, publick spirit, and a love of one's country, are the support and ornaments of government. - Addison. Say from what sceptred ancestry ye claim, Recorded eminent in deathless same 2 Pope. 2. The honour of descent; birth. Title and ancestry render a good man more illustrious, but an ill one more contemptible. Addison. A'Nch ENTRY. m. s. [from ancient, and therefore properly to be written ancientry.] Antiquity of a family ; ancient dignity; appearance or proof of antiquity. Wooing, wedding, and repenting, is a Scotch jig, a measure, and a cinque pace: the first suit is hot and hasty, like a Scotch jig, and full as - fantastical; the wedding mannerly modest, as a measure full of state and anchentry; and then comes repentance, and with his bad legs falls into the cinque pace faster and faster, till he sinks into his grave. Shakspeare. ATNCHOR. m. s. [anchora, Lat.] 1. A heavy iron, composed of a long shank, having a ring at one cnd to

which the cable is fastened, and at the other branching out into two arms or flooks, tending upward, with barbs or edges on each side. Its use is to hold the ship, by being fixed to the ground. He said, and wept; then spread his sails before The *::::: and reach'd at length the Cuman shore; Their anchors dropt, his crew the vessels moor. Dryden. 2. It is used, by a metaphor, for anything which confers stability or security. Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil. Hebrewr. 3. The forms of speech in which it is most commonly used, are, to cast anchor, to /ie or ride at anchor, The Turkish general, perceiving that the Rhodians would not be drawn forth to battle at sea, withdrew his fleet, when, casting anchor, and landing his men, he burnt the corn. Knoller. Ent’ring with the tide, He dropp'd li anchors, and his oars he ply'd; Furl’d every sail, and drawing down the mast, His vessel moor'd, and made with haulsers fast. , Dryden. Far from your capital my ship resides At Reithrus, and secure at anchor rides. Pope. To A'N cho R. v. n. [from anchor.] I. To cast anchor; to lie at anchor. ... The fishermen that walk upon the beach Appear like mice; and yon tail anchoring bark Diminish'd to her cock. Shakspeare. Near Calais the Spaniards anchored, expecting their land-forces, which came not. Bacon. Or the strait course to rocky Chios plow, And anchor under Mimos' shaggy brow. Popa 2. To stop at ; to rest on. Myintention, hearing not my tongue, Anchor; on Isabel. Shakspeare. To A'N C Ho R. v. a. 1. To place at anchor; as, he anchored his ship. 2. To fix on. My o should to my ears not name my oys, Till that my nails were ancher'd in thine eyes. Shakspeare. A’s CHOR. m. s. Shakspeare seems to have used this word for anchoret, or an abstemious recluse person. To desperation turn my trust and hope! And anchor's cheerin prison be my scope! Shak. A'N C Ho R-Ho L.D. m. s. Līrom anchor and hold.] The hold or fastness of the anchor; and, figuratively, security. The old English could express most aptly all the conceits of the mind in their own tongue, without borrowing from any ; as for example: the holy service of God, which the Latins called religion, because it knitted the minds of men together, and most people of Europe have borrowed the same from them, they called most significantly can-fostness, as the one and only assurance and fast anchor-bold of our soul's health. Camden. A/N cho R-sm IT H. m. s. [from anchor and smith..] The maker or forger of anchors. Smithing comprehends all trade: which use either forge or file, from the anchor-smith to the watch-maker; they all working by the same rules, though not with equal exactness; and all using the same tools, though of several sizes. Afoxas.

Anchor age. n.s. [from anchor.] - old of the anchor. I To: o resolve whether there be indeed such •ficacy in nurture and first production; for if that supposal should fail us, all our anchoro; were loose, and we should but wander in a w d 30 a. - Wotton. 2. The set of anchors o: to a ship. The bark that hath discharg’d her freight, Returns with precious lading to the bay, From whence at first she weigh’d her anchorage. Shakspeare. 3. The duty paid for the liberty of anchoring in a port. AnčHoRf D. particip. adj. [from To anchor.] Held by the anchor: Like a well-twisted cable, holding fast The anchor's vessel in the loudest blast. Waller. Ancho Rev. n. ... [contracted from A'Ncho R IT E. W. anachoret, gowo.] A recluse; a hermit ; one that retires to the more severe duties of religion: . . His poetry indeed he took along with him ; but he made that an anchorite as well as himself. o Sprat. You describe so well your hermitical state of life, that none of the aucient archarite; could go beyond you, for a cave in a rock, with a fine spring, or any of the accommodations that befit a solitary life. Pope. As cho'vy. n.s.. [from anchova, Span. or anchioe, Ital. of the same signification.] A little sea-fish, much used by way of fauce or seasoning. Savary. we invent new sauces and pickles, which resemble the animal ferment in taste and virtue, as the falso-acid gravies of meat; the salt-pickles of fish, anchovies, oysters. Floyer. ANCIENT, adj. [ancien, Fr. antiquus, Lat.] 1. Old ; that happened long since ; of old time; not modern. Ancient and old are distinguished ; old relates to the duration of the thing itself, as, an old coat, a coat much worn ; and ancient, to time in general, as, an ancient dress, a habit used in former times. But this is not always observed, for we mention 'old customs ; but though old be sometimes opposed to modern, ancient is seldom opposed to new, but when new means modern. Ancient tenure is that whereby all the manours belonging to the crown, in St. Edward's or William the Conqueror's days, did hold. The number and names of which manours, as all others belonging to common persons, he caused to be written in a book, after a survey made of them, now remaining in the Exchequer, and called Doomsday Book; and such as by that book appeared to have belonged to the crown at that time, are called ancient demesnes. Cowell. 2. Old ; that has been of long duration.

With the ancient is wisdom, and in length of

days understanding. fi Thales affirms, that God comprehended all things, and that God was of all things the most

ancient, because he never had any beginning. Raleigh.

Industry Gave the tall ancient forest to his axe. Thomson. 3. Past; former. I see thy fury: if I longer stay,

"We shall begin our antient bickerings, Shakop,

A'Ncient, n. . [from ancient, adj.] ... 1. Those that lived in old time were called ancients, opposed to the moderns.

And o the ancients thus their rules inWade, As kilome with laws themselves have made : Moderns, beware! or, if you must offend Against the precept, ne'er transgress its end. - - Pope,

2. Senior. Not in use." t He toucheth it as a special pre-eminence of Junias and Andronicus, that in Christianity they were his ancients. Hooker. A'N c 1 EN T. n.s. I. The flag or streamer of a ship, and, formerly, of a regiment. * 2. The bearer of a flag, as was Ancient Pisto/; whence, in present use, ensign. This is Othello's ancient, as I take it.— The same indeed, a very valiant fellow. Shahp. A'Nciently, adv. [from ancient.] In old times. Trebisondanciently pertained unto this crown; now unjustly o; and as unjustly abused, by those who have neither title to hold it, nor virtue to rule it. Sidney. The colewort is not an enemy, though that were anciently received, to the vine only, but to any other plant, because it draweth strongly the fattest juice of the earth. §. A'N cIENTN Ess, n. 3. [from ancient.] Antiquity; existence from old times. he Fescenine and Saturnian were the same; they were called Saturnian from their ancientness, when Saturn reigned in Italy. Bryden. A'NCI ENTRY. m. s. [from ancient.] The honour of ancient lineage; the dignity of birth. Of all nations under heaven the Spaniard is the most mingled and most uncertain. Wherefore, most foolishly do the Irish think to ennoble themselves, by wresting their ancientry from the Spaniard, who is unable to derive fimself from any in certain. Spenter on Ireland. There is nothing in the between, but getting wenches with child, wronging the ancientry, ... stealing, fighting. Shahpeare. AN CL E. See AN K L E. A's cosy, n. 4. [in the iron mills.] A bloom wrought into the figure of a flat iron bar, about three foot long, with .

two square rough knobs, one at each end. Chambers. AN D. conjunction. 1. The particle by which sentences or terms are joined, which it is not easy to explain by any synonimous word. Sure his honesty Got him small gains, but shameless flattery And filthy beverage, and unseemly thist, . And borrow base, and some good lady's gift. - Spenter. What shall I do to be for ever known, And make the age to come my own Cowky. Tho unconquer'd offspring march behind ;

[ocr errors]

It shall ever be my study to make discoveries of this nature in human life, and to settle the proper distinctions between the virtues and per fections of mankind, and those false colours.” resemblances of them that shine alike in the eyes of the vulgar, Addition,

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][graphic][graphic]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][graphic]
« AnteriorContinuar »