Imágenes de páginas

Antiquary, adj. [This word is impro. per.] Old; antique. : Here's Nestor, * Instructed by the autiquary times: He must, he is, he cannot but be, wise. Sbak. To A/NTIQUATE. v. a. [antiquo, Lat.] To put out of use ; to make obsolete. The growth of christianity in this kingdom might reasonably introduce new laws, and antiquate or abrogate some old ones, that seemed * less censistent with the christian doctrines. Hale. Milton's Paradise Lost is admirable. But cannot I admire the height of his invention, and the strength of his expression, without defending his antiquated words, and the perpetual harshness of their sound? Dryden. Almighty Latium, with her cities crown'd, Shall like an antiquated fable sound. Addison. A'NTIQUATED N Ess. n. 3. [from antiquated.] The state of being antiquated, worn out of use, or obsolete. ANTI'QUE. adj. [antique, Fr. antiquus, Lat. It was formerly pronounced, according to the English analogy, with the accent on the first syllable; but now, after the French, with the accent on the last, at least in prose; the poets use it variously.] 1. Ancient; old; not modern. Now, good Cesario, but that piece of song, That old and antique song we heard last night. Shakspeare. Such truth in love asth' antique world did know, Insuchastyle as courts mightboast of now. Wal. 2. Of genuine antiquity. The seals which we have remaining of Julius Casar, which we know to be antique, have the star of Venus over them. Dryden. My copper lamps, at any rate, For being true antique I bought; Yet wisely melted down my plate, On modern models to be wrought; And trifles I alike pursue, Because they're old, because they're new. Prior. 3. Of old fashion. Forth came that ancient lord and aged queen, Array'd in antique robes down to the ground, And sad habiliments right well be seen. o Q. Must he no more divert the tedious day? Nor sparkling thoughts in antique words convey? Smith to the Memory of Philips. 4. Odd ; wild; antick. Name not these living death-heads unto me ; For these not ancient, but antique be. Donne. And sooner may a gulling weather-sty, . By drawing forth heav'n's scheme, tell certainly What fashioned hats, or ruffs, or suits, next year Ourgiddy-headed antique youth willwear. Donne. Antioque. n. s. [from antique, adj.] An antiquity; a remain of ancient times; an ancient rarity. I leave to Edward, now Earl of Oxford, my seal of Julius Caesar; as also another seal, supposed to be a young Hercules; both very choice antiques, and set in gold. Sovist. Anti'QUEN ess.n. s. [from antique.] The quality of being antique; an appearance of antiquity. We may discover something venerable in the antiqueness of the work; but we would see the design enlarged. - Addison, Anti'quiry. n.s.. [antiquitas, Lat.] 1. Qld times; time past long ago. ... I mention Aristotle, Polybius, and Cicero, the greatest Philosopher, the most impartial his

torian, and the most consummate statesman, of all antiquity. - ison2. The Folo of old times;, the ancients. That such pillars were raised by Seth, all antiquity has avowed. Kaleigh3. The works or remains of old times. As for the observation of Machiavel, traducing Gregory the Great, that he did what in him lay to extinguish all heathen antiquities: I do not find that those zeals last long; as it appeared in the succession of Sabinian, who did revive the former antiquities. - Bacon. 4. Old age : a ludicrous sense. Is not your voice broken 2 your wind short? your chin double 2 your wit single 2 and eve part about you blasted with antiquity o and wi you yet call yourself young 2 Sbakspeare. 5. Ancientness; as, this ring is valuable for its antiquity. ANT1'SCII. n.s. It has no singular. [from dori and axia.] In geography, the people who inhabit on different sides of the equator, who consequently at noon have their shadows projected opposite ways. Thus the people of the north are antiscii to those of the south ; the one projecting their shadows at noon toward the north pole, and the other

[ocr errors]

butum, the scurvy.] Good against the scurvy. - The warm antiscorbutical plants, in quantities, will occasion stinking breath, and corrupt the blood. Arbuthnot. The warm antiscorbuticks, animal diet, and animal salts, are proper. Arbuthnot. JNTI/SPASIS. n.s.. [from ***, against and craw, to draw.] The revulsion of any humour into another part. ANTisPA's Mo'dic K. adi. Hom evri, against, and a Razo, the cramp.] That has the power of relieving the cramp. ANT is PA’s rick. adj. [from ot, and a Faroo;..] That causes a revulsion of the humours. ANT is ples E'tick. adj. [from #7 and splenetick. I Efficacious in discases of the spleen. Antipleneticks open the obstructions of the spleen. loyer. ANTPSTROPHE. n. s. sovrozeopm, from dyr, the contrary way, and so turning.] In an ode supposed to be sung in parts, the second stanza of every three, or sometimes every second stanza; so called because the dance turns about. ANT1st RUMA’rick. adj. [from ori and struma, a scrophulous swelling.] Good against the kingsevil. - - i prescribed him a distilled milk, wih antistrumaticks, and purged him. Wiseman. ANTPTHESIS. n. s. in the plural antitheses. [artisizio, placing in opposition.] Opposition of words or sentiments; contrast; as in these lines: Though #. go." ill - ge; without o'erflowin Strong without rage; wi - %

[ocr errors]

A’NTITY PE. m. s. [avors rumo".] * That which is resembled or shadowed out by the type; that of which the type is the representation. It is a term of theology. See TYPE. When once upon the wing, he soars to an higher pitch, from the o to the antitype, to the days of the Messiah, the ascension of our Saviour, and, at length, to his kingdom and dominion over all the earth. Burner's Theory. He brought forth bread and wine, and was the priest of the most high God; imitating the antitype, or the substance, Christ himself. Tayl. AN rit Y’pic A L. adj. [from antitype.] That relates to an antitype; that explains the type. ANT1 v ENE’REAL. adj. [from or and venereal.] Good against the venereal disease. If the lues be joined with it, you will scarce cure your patient without exhibiting antivenereal remédies. iseman. A’NTLE R. m. f. [andouillier, Fr.] Properly the first branches of a stag’s horns; but popularly and generally, any of his branches. Grown old, they grow less branched, and first lose their brow antlers, or lowest furcations next to the head. Brown. A well-grown stag, whose antlers rise, High o'er his front, his beams invade the skies. Dryden. - Bright Diana Brought hunted wild goats' heads, and branching antlers Ofstags, the fruit and honour of her toil. Prior. ANTO’ECI. n. 4. It has no singular. [Lat. from arol, and oxiw, to inhabit.] In geography, those inhabitants of the earth who live under the same meridian, and at the same distance from the equator; the one toward the north, and the other to the south. Hence they have the same longitude, and their latitude is also the same, but of a different denomination. They are in the same semicircle of the meridian, but opposite parallels. They have precisely the same hours of the day and night, but opposite seasons; and the night of the one is always equal to the day of the other. Chambers. ANTONOMA’SIA. m. s. [from ov'r', and sy”, a name.] A form of speech, in which, for a proper name, is put the name of some dignity, office, profession, science, or trade; or when a proper name is put in the room of an apellative. Thus a king is called his majesty ; a nobleman, his lordship. We say the philosopher instead of Aristotle, and the orator for Cicero: thus a man is called by the name of his country, a German, an Italian ; and a grave man is called a Cato, and a wise man a Solomon. Smith's Rhetoric. A'N TRE. m. s. [antre, Fr. antrum, Lat.] A cavern ; a cave; a dem. Not in use. - With all my travel's history; ‘Wherein of antres vast, and desarts idle, It was my hent to speak. Shakspeare. A's vil. n. 4. [znpille, Sax.]

1. The iron block 'on which the "smith lays his metal to be forged. I saw a smithstand with his hammer, thus, The whilst his iron did on his anvil cool. Shahi. On their eternal anvils here he found The brethren beating, and the blows go round. Dryden. 2. Anything on which blows are laid. Here I clip The anvil of my sword, and do contest Hotly and nobly. Shahpeare. 3. Figuratively, to be upon the anvil, is to be in a state of formation or preparation. Several members of our house knowing what was upon the anvil, went to the clergy, and desired their judgment. Swift. AN x 1'E.T.Y. m. s. [anxietas, Lat.] 1. Trouble of mind about some future event; suspense with uneasiness; perplexity; solicitude. To be happy, is not only to be freed from the pains and diseases of the body, but from anxiety and vexation of spirit; not only to enjoy the pleasures of sense, but peace of conscience, and tranquillity of mind. Tillotax. 2. In the medical language, lowness of spirits, with uneasiness of the stomach. anxietier which attend fevers, when the cold fit is over, a warmer regimen may be allowed: and because anxieties often happen by spasi-s from wind, spices are useful. Arbuthnot. A/NXIOUS. adj. [anxius, Lat.] I. Disturbed about some uncertain event; solicitous; being in painful suspense; painfully uncertain. His pensive cheek upon his hand reclin'd, Andańxious thoughts revolvingin his mind. Dryd. With beating hearts the dire event they wait, Anxiour, and tremblingfor the birth of fate. Pope. 2. Careful ; full of inquietude; unquiet. In youth alone unhappy mortals live; But, ah! the mighty bliss is fugitive: Discolour'd sickness, anxiour labour come, And age, and death's inexorable doom. Dryden. 3. Careful, as of a thing of great importance. No writings we need to be solicitous about the meaning of, but those that contain truths we are to believe, or laws we are to obey: we may be less anxious about the sense of other authors. Lacke. 4. It has generally for or about before the object; but sometimes of, less properly. Anxious of neglect, suspecting change. Granv. A'N x 1 ous L. Y. adv. [from anxious.] In an anxious manner; solicitously; unquietly; carefully; with painful uncerainty. *here the loss is temporal, every probability of it needs not put us so anxiously to prevent it, since it might be repaired again. South. Thou, what befits the new lord mayor, And what the Gallick arms will do, Art anxiously inquisitive to know. Drydee. A's Xious Noss. n.s.. [from anxious.] The quality of being anxious; susceptibility of anxiety. A's Y. adj. [anizo, enix, Sax.] 1. Every : whoever he be ; whatever it be. It is, in all its senses, applied indifferently to persons or things. I know you are now, sir, a gentleman bornAy, and have been so any time these four hours. - Slakoferre. You contented yourself with being capable,

[blocks in formation]

3. It is used in opposition to none. I wound and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand. Deuteronomy. A'oRIs T. n.s.. [a.æo-3-.] Indefinite; a term in the Greek grammar. 40'RTA, n. 4. [a 3:1. I. The great artery which rises immediately out of the left ventricle of the heart. Qizingy. APA'ce...adw. [from a and pace; that is, with a great pace.] - 1. Quick; speedily: used of things in motion. . . - Or when the flying libbard she did chace, he could then nimbly move, and after fly apace. - penser. Ay, quoth my uncle Glo'sfer, Small herbs have grace, great weeds do grow apate. And since, methinks, I would not grow so fast, cause sweet flow'rs are slow, and weeds make haste. Shakspeare. He promis'd in his east a glorious race; Now, sunk from his meridian, sets apare. Dryd. ls not he imprudent, who, seeing, the tide making haste towards him apace, will sleep till the sea overwhelm him? - illotron. 3. With haste: applied to some action. The baron now his diamonds pours apace; Th' embroider'd king, who shows but half his

face, And his refulgent queen. Pope's Rape of the Loch. 3. Hastily; with speed: spoken of any kind of progression from one state to another. This second course of men, With some regard to what is just and right, Shall lead their lives, and multiply apace. Milt. The life and power of religion decays apate, here and at home, while we are spreading the honour of our arms far and wide through foreign nations. Atterbury. If sensible pleasure, or real grandeur, be our end, we shall proceed apace to realmisery. Watts. *AGoogical. adj. [from doorwyn compounded of arc, from, and &yw, to bring or draw.]. An apagogical demonstra...tion is such as does not prove the thing directly, but shows the impossibility, or absurdity, which arises from denying it; and is also called reductio ad inpossibile, or ad absurdum. Chambers. APA'Rt. adv. [apart, Fr.]. 1. Separately from the rest in place. Since I enter into that question, it behoveth me to give reason for my opinion, with circumspection: because I walk aside, and in a wa apart from the multitude. Raleigh. The party discerned, that the earl of Essex would never serve their turn; they resolved to have another army apart, that should be at their devotion. Clarendon,

2. In a state of distinction; as, to set apart for any use. . He is so very figurative, that he grammar apart to construe him. *... The tyrant shall demand yon sacred load, And gold and vesselssetapart for God. Prior. 3. Distinctly. Moses first nameth heaven and earth, putting waters but in the third place, as comprehending waters in the word earth; but afterwards he nameth them apart. , Raleigh. 4. At a distance; retired from the other company. ". So please you, madam, To put apart these your attendants. Shakspeare. APA’s TM ENT. n. 4. [apartement, Fr.] A part of the house allotted to the use of any particular person; a room; a set of rooms. A private gallery 'twixt th' apartments led, . Not to the foe yet known. Sirj. Denbam, He, pale as death, despoil'd of his array, Into the queen's apartment takes his way. Dryd. he most considerable ruin is that on the eastern promontory, where are still some apartments left very high and arched at top. Addison. A/FATHY, n. ... [*, not, and #493, feeling.] The quality of not feeling; exemption from passion; freedom from mental perturbation. Of good and evil much they argued then, Passion, and apathy,and glory, and shame. Milt. To remain insensible of such provocations, is not constancy but apathy. South. In lazy apathy let Stoicks boast Their virtue fix’d; 'tis fix’d as in a frost, Contracted all, retiring to the breast; But strength of mind is exercise, not res; Pope.

[ocr errors]

1. A kind of monkey remarkable for imitating what he sees. I will be more newfangled than an ape, more giddy in my desires than a monkey. Shakspeare. | "Writers report, that the heart of an ape, worn near the heart, comforteth the heart, and increaseth ... It is true, that the ape is a merry and bold beast. Eacon. With glittering gold and sparkling gems they ine But apes ind monkeys are the gods within. Granville. Celestial beings, when of late they saw f. A mortal man unfold all nature's law, Admir’d such knowledge in a human shape, And show'd anewton, as we show an ape. Pope. 2. An imitator: used generally in the bad sense. Julio Romano who, had he himself eternity, and could put breath into his work, would beile nature of her custom : so perfectly he is er ape. Shakspeare. To A Pe. v. a. [from afte.] To imitate, as an ape imitates human actions. Aping the foreigners in every dress, Which, bought at greater cost, becomes him less. I}ryden. Curse on the stripling! how he apes his sire! Ambitiously sententious! Addison. Areak, or Ape'ek. adv. [probably from a pigue.) In a posture to pierce; formed with a point. A'PE psy... n... [Grodia.] A logs of natural concoction. - $oinoy.

[ocr errors]

A'PER. n.s. (from ape.] A ridiculo simitator or mimick. APE’RIENT. adj. [aperio, Lat: to open.] That has the quality of opening : chiefly used of medicines gently purgative. - There be bracelets fit to comfort the spirits; and they be of three intentions; refrigerant, corroborant, and aperient. Bacon. Of the stems of plants, some contain a fine aperient salt, and are diuretick and saponaceous. - Arbuthnot. APE’RIT Ive. adj. [from aperio, Lat. to open.] That has the quality of opening the excrementitious passages of the body. - They may make broth, with the addition of aperitive herbs. Harvey. Are'r T. adj. [apertus, Lat.] Open. Ape/RTIoS. n.s.. [from apertus, Lat.] 1: An opening ; a passage through any thing; a gap. * The next now in order are the apertions; under which term I do comprehend doors, windows, staircases, chimneys, or other conduits: in short, all inlets or outlets. otton. 2. The act of opening; or state of being opened. --- e plenitude of vessels, otherwise called the plethora, when it happens, causeth an extravasation of blood, either by ruption or opertion of them. Wiseman. APE’RTLY. adv. [aperté, Lat.] Openly ; without covert. APE’RTN Ess. n.s.. [from apert.] OpenIness. The freedom, or opertners and vigour of pronouncing, and the closeness of muffling, and laziness of speaking, reuder the sound different. - - Holder. A'PERTUR E., n.s.. [from apertus, open.] 1. The act of opening. Hence ariseth the facility of joining a consomant to a vowel, because from an appulse to an aperture is easier than from one appulse to another. - Bolder. 2. An open place. If memory be made by the easy motion of the spirits through the opened passages, images, without doubt, pass through the same §. lanville. 3. The hole next the objectglass of a telescope or microscope. The concave metal bore an afterture of an inch; but the aperture was limited by an opaque circle, perforated in the middle. Newton's Opticks. 4. Enlargement; explanation: a sense seldom found. It is too much untwisted by the doctors, and, like philosophy, made intricate by explications, and difficult by the aperture and dissolution of distinctions. Taylor. APE’t Alous. adj. [of a priv. and wirov, a leaf.] Without petala or slower leaves. APE’t alous N Ess. n.s.. [from apetalous.] State of being without leaves. A'PEX, n. s. apices, plur. [Lat..] The tip or point of anything. e apex, or lesser end of it is broken off. Woodward. APHAE’RESIS. m. s. [diasota...] A figure in grammar, that takes away a letter

or syllable from the beginning of a word. APHE'LION. n. s. aphelia, plur. [Axë, from, and oxie”, the sun.] That part of the orbit of a planet, in which it is at the point remotest from the sun. The reason why the comets move not in the zodiack is, that, in their apbelia, they may be at the greatest distances from one another; and consequently disturb one another's motions the least that may be. eyne. APHETA. m. s. [with astrologers.] The name of the planet, which is imagined to be the giver or disposer of life in a nativity. Licf. APH 'Tic AL. adj. [from apheta.] Relating to the apheta. APHILA’NTH Ropy, m. s. [3, without, and Powrie, love of mankind.] Want of love to mankind. A'PHo NY. m. s. so, without, and own, speech. A loss of speech. Quincy. A/PHORISM. n.s. [	izo;..] A maxim; a precept contracted in a short sentence; an unconnected position. He will easily discern how little of truth there ... is in the multitude; and, though sometimes th are flattered with that apborism, will hardly believe the voice of the people to be the voice of God. Brown's Pulgar Errowri. I shall at present consider the o: that a man of religion and virtue is a more useful, and consequently a more valuable, member of a community. - Rogers. Arhof i's rical. adj. [from aphorio.] Having the form of an aphorism ; written in separate and unconnected sentences. ... s. - A phoki'stic Ally. adv. [fromaphoristical.] In the form of an aphorism. These being carried down, seldom missa cure, as Hippocrates dothlikewise aphoritically tellus. - Harvey. *:::::::::::::: adj. [from 'Aproof, APH Rod is 1'Ack. 5 Venus.] Relating to the venereal disease. Aria RY. n. 4. [from apis, Lat. abee.] The place where bees are kept. Those who are skilled in bees, when they see io swarm, approaching to plunder their hives, have a trick to divert them into some neighbouring apiary, there to make what havock they please. - Swift. API'CBS of a flower. [Lat. from apex, the top.] Little knobs that grow on the tops of the stamina, in the middle of a flower. They are commonly of a dark purplish colour. By the microscope they have been discovered to be a sort of capsule seminales, or seed vessels, containing in them small globular, and often oval particles, of various colours, and exquisitely formed. $ouincy. AP1’ECE. adv. [from a for each, and piece, or share.] To the part or share of each. Men, in whose mouths at first sounded nothing but mortification, were come to think that they might lawfully have six or seven wives apicot. Hooker. I have to-night dispatched sixteen businesses,

[merged small][ocr errors][subsumed]

being of doubtful authors, are less re. garded. We hold not the apocrypha for sacred do the holy ::::::: o: for human o: sitions. * * Booker, A Pocky PHAL. adj. [from apocrypha.] 1. Not canonical; of uncertain authority. Jerom, who saith that all writings not canofical are apocryphal, uses not the title apocryphat "as the rest of the fathers ordinarily have done whose custon is So to name, for the most part. only such as might not publickly be read or di. vulged. . - - Hooker. 2. Contained in the apocrypha. To speak of her in the words of the epocryphal writers, wisdom is glorious, and nevér faāeth away. Addison. 3. It is sometimes used for an account of uncertain credit. * APO'GRYPHALLY., adv. [from apoc phal.] Uncertainly; not indispuébly. Apo'cry Phi ALN Ess. n.s.. [from a orryphal..] Uncertainty; doubtfulness of * credit. ” Aropi'er IgA1, adj. [from 3:42 or, evident truth; demonstration.] Demonstrative; evident beyond contradiction. glding an apodiotical knowledge, and an assured knowledge of it; verily, to persuade their Apprehensions otherwise, were to makean Euclid believe, that there were more than one contre in a circle. ... Brown's Pulgar Erreur. We can say all at the number three; ther. fore the world is perfect. Tobit went, and his dog followed him; therefore there is a world in ...the moon; were an argument as spodatio."

[ocr errors]

which the sun, or a planet, is at the greatest distance possibie from the earth : in its whole revolution. The ancient astronomers regarding the earth as the centre of the system, chiefly regarded * the apogaeon and perigaeon, which the moderns, making the sun the centre, change for the aphelion and perihelion. - - - Chambers. Thy sin is in his f: placed, And when it moveth next, must needs descend. - . . . . . FairfaxIt is yet not agreed in what time, precisely, the apogeum absolveth one degree. Frown. Apolo GE'Tic AL.T. adj. [from &ndasyse, Apo Lo GE'ric K. J to defend..] That is said in defence of anything or person. I design to publish an essay, the of ...}} for . sort :::::::: - Boyle Apolo GE/tic Al LY. adv. [from *: getical.] In the way of defence or excuse. Apo'Logist. n.s.. [from To apologize.] He that makes an apology; a pleader in favour of another. To Apo'Logize: v. m. [from apology.] I. * plead in favour of any person or 1ng. ----" o

« AnteriorContinuar »