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st will be much more seasonable to reform than ozize or rhetoricate; and therefore it imports those, who dwell secure, to look about them. Decay of Piety. 3. It has the particle for before the subject of apology. I ought to apologize for my indiscretion in the whole undertaking. Wale's Propar. for Death. . . The translator needs not apologize for his choice of this piece, which was made in his childhood. Pope's Proface to Statius. A'Polo Gue. n. *... [*****, 32-J Fable ; story contrived to teach some moral truth. - An apologue of AEsop is beyond a syllogism, and proverbs more powerful than demonstration. Brezwn's Poul-ar. Errowry. Some men are remarked for pleasantness in raillery; others for apologue, and apposite diverting stories. Locke. APO'LOGY.. n... [apologia, Lat. &royia.] 1. Defence; excuse. Apology generally signifies rather excuse than vindication, and tends rather to extenuate the fault, than prove innocence. This is, however, sometimes unregarded by writers. C l In her . o: ame prologue, and apology too prompt: Woffoil, i. dress'd. Milton. 3. It has for before the object of excuse. It is not my intention to make an apology for my poem: some will think it needs no excuse, and others will receive none. Dryden. I shall neither trouble the reader, nor myself, with any apology for publishing of these sermons: for if they be in any measure truly serviceable to the end for which they are designed, I do not see what apology is necessary; and if they be not so, I am sure none can be sufficient. Tillotron. Aposs Eco'M ETRY, n.s. [&#3, from, on 23°, distance, and wil;ia, to measure.] The art of measuring things at a distance. - JDict. APONEURO'SIS. n. . [from *rē, from, and vivo, a nerve.] An expansion of a nerve into a membrane. When a cyst rises near the orifice of the artery, it is formed by the aponeurosis that runs over the vessel, which becomes excessively expanded. Sharp's Surgery. APO'PHASIS. m. s. [Lat. &n ovazos, a denying.] A figure in rhetorick, by which the orator, speaking ironically, seems to wave what he would plainly insinuate ; as, Neither will I mention those things which, if I should, you notwithstanding could neither confute or peak against them. Smith's Rhetorick. Apoph Le'o MATIck. A.J.[&#2 and #2.Éyou...] * That has the quality of drawing awa phlegm. Apoph Le'o MAT is M. n.s.[373 and otypa J A medicine of which the intention is to “o phlegm . the o nd so it is in apophlegmatisms and gargari that draw the #. . by the o: Apo PHL E GMA’s 1z ANT. n., s. [&rö and oxiyiz.] Any remedy which causes an

evacuation of serous or mucous humour . .

by the nostrils, as particular kinds of sternutatorics. Quincy.

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0tion, by the stoppage of the flux and refit the animal spirits through the nerves destino for those motions. Arbuthnot as Dio Peace is a very a ofloxy, lethargy, mulled, deaf, sleepy, insensible. Shái peare's Corialisa” Afever may take away my reason, or memory, and an apoplexy leave neither sense noruo. standing. Lark.

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rhetorick, by which the speaker shews, that he doubts where to begin for the multitude of matter, or what to say in some strange and ambiguous thing; and doth, as it were, argue the case with himself. Thus Cicero says, Whether he took them from his fellows more impudently, gave them to a barlot, more lasciviously, removed them from the Roman people more wickedly, or altered them more presumptuously, I cannot well declare. Smith. APORRHO’EA. m. s. [&ro;%in.] Effluvium ; emanation; something emitted by another. Not in use. The reason of this he endeavours to make out by atomical aporrhaat, which passing from the cruentate weapon to the wound, and being incorporated with the particles of the salve, carry them to the affected part. Glanville's Scopsis. APOSIOPE/SIS. m. s. Lärovisionai;, from &=3, after, and awakw, to be silent.] A. form of speech, by which the speaker, through some affection, as sorrow, bashfulness, fear, anger, or vehemency, breaks off his speech before it be all. ended. A figure, when, speaking of a thing, we yet seem to conceal it, though indeed we aggravate it ; or when the course of the sentence begun is so stayed, as thereby some part of the sentence, not being uttered, may be understood. Smith. Apo's r A sy. m. s. [**śrago;..] Departure from what a man has professed: generally applied to religion; sometimes with the particle from. The canon law defines apostasy to be a wilful departure from that state of faith, which any

person has professed himself to hold in the

christian church. Ayliff's Parergon. The affable archangel had forewarn'd Adam, by due example, to beware Apostasy, by what befel in heav'n o those apostates. Milton. vice in us were not only wickedness, but apostasy, degenerate wickedness. , Sprat. whoever do give different worships, must bring in more gods; which is an apostoy foot. one God. Stilling fleet. APO'STATE. m. s. [apostata, t. 2-2-4-1:..] One that has forsaken his profession : generally applied to onc that has left his religion. The angels, for disobedience, thou hast reserved to a miserable immortality; but unto man, equally rebellious, equally apostate from thee and goodness, thou hast given a Soxiour. Rogers' Sermons. Apostates in point of faith, are according to the civil law, subject unto all punishments.ordained against here.icks. Ayliffo. Aposta’rical. adj. [from apostate.] After the manner of an apostate. . To wear turbants is an apostatical so andyr. To Apost At 1ze. v. n. [from apostate.]

To forsake one’s profession: commonly .

used of one who departs from his religion. none revolt from the faith, because they VOL. I.

must not look upon a woman to lust after her, but because they are restrained from the peretration of their lust. If wanton glances, and bidinous thoughts, had been permitted by the gospel, they would have apostatized *; entley. To Apo'stem at E. v. n. [from aposterne.] To become an aposteme; to swell and corrupt into matter. There is care to be taken in abscesses of the breast and belly, in danger of breaking inwards; yet, by opening these too soon, they sometimes apostemate again, and become crude. Wiseman. Apost EMA's ros. n.s. [from aposternate.] The formation of an aposteme; the gathering of a hollow purulent tumour. Nothing can be more admirable than the many ways nature hath provided for preventing or curing of fevers; as, vomitings, aposternations, salivations, to c. rootre A/Post EM E. ; m. s. [oré; now..] A hollow . A'postume. A swelling, filled with purulent matter; an abscess. With equal propriety we may affirm, that ulcers of the lungs, or apostenes of the brains, do ho only in the left side. Brown's Pulg. Er. ..The opening of aposternes, before the suppuration be perfected, weakeneth the heat, and renders them crude. Wiseman. APO'STLE. n.s.. [apostolus, Lat. Crocox3'.] A person sent with mandates by another. It is particularly applied to them whom our Saviour deputed to preach the gospel. But all his mind is bent to holiness; His champions are the prophets and apostler. akspeare. I am far from pretending infallibility; that would be to erect myself into an apostle; a presumption in any one that cannot confirm what he says by miracles. . . Locke. We know but a small of the notion of an apostle, by knowing barely that he is sent forth. PWatts' Logick, Apostles HIP. adj. [from apostle.] The office or dignity of an apostle. Where, because faith is in too low degree, I thought it some ::::::::: in me To speak things, which by faith alone I see. - Donne. God hath ordered it, that St. Paul hath writ epistles; which are all confined within the business of his apostleship, and so contain nothing but points of christian instruction. Locke. Apost o'Lic AL. adj. [from apostolick.] Delivered or taught by the apostles; belonging to the apostles. They acknowledge not, that the church keeps anything as apostolical, which is not found in the apostles writings, in what other records soever it be found. - Hooker. Declare yourself for that church which is founded upon scripture, reason, apostolical practice, and antiquity. Hooker.

Apost o’lica LLY. adv, [from apostolical.] In the manner of the apostles.

Aposto/Lic ALN ess. n.s.. [from apostolical.] The quality of relating to the . apostles; apostolical authority.

Aposto'Lick. adj. [from apostle. The accent is placed by Dryden on the antepenult..] Taught by the apostles; belonging to an apo

Their oppositions in maintenance of publick superstition against apostolick endeavours, were vain and frivolous. Hooker. Or where did I at sure tradition strike, - Provided still it were apostolice o Dryden. APO'STROPHE. n.s. (2xo-soo, from do, from, and row, to turn.] 1. In rhetorick, a diversion of speech to another person than the speech ap-, ointed did intend or require ; or, it is a turning of the speech from one person to another many times abruptly. A figure when we break off the course of our speech, and speak to sone new person, present or absent, as to the peo

ple or witnesses, when it was before di- To APPATL. v. a. [appalir, Fr. It might

rected to the judges or opponent. Smith. 2. In grammar, the contraction of a word by the use of a comma, as, tho' for th9:h rop’ for reputation. Many laudable attempts have been made, by abreviating yords with apotrophe, ; and by lopping polysyllables, leaving one or two sysłables at most. - Swift. To Apo'st Rophize. v. a. [from aposfro”he.] To address by an apostrophe. There is a peculiarity in Homer's magner of. o Eumaeus, and speaking of him in he second person: it is generally applied only to men of account. Pope. A'post U M E. m. s. See Apost F. M.E. [This word is properly apostem.] A hollow tumour filled with puru!ent matter. How an apostume in the mesentery, breaking, causes a consumption in the parts, is apparent.

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more properly have been written appale.]
To fright ; to strike with sudden fear;
to depress ; to discourage.
Whilst she spake, her great words did appal
My feebie courage, and my heart oppress,
That yet I quake and tremble over all. Fairy Q.
Give with thy trumpet a loud note to Troy,
Thou dreadful Ajax; that th' appalled air
May pierce the head of thy great combatant.
The house of peers was somewhat appalled at
this alarum; but took time to consider of it till
next day. . . Clarendon.
Does neither rage inflame, nor fear appal,
Nor the black fear of death that saddens all 2
- Pope.
The monster curls
His flaming crest, all other thirst appall'd,
Or shiv'ring flies, or choak'd at distance stands.

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To A'Post U M E. v. n. [from apostume.] To apostemate. Dirt. A Poor H Ec ARY. n.s.. [apotheca, Lat. a repository..] A man whose employment is to keep medicines for sale. Give me an ounce of civet, good apothecary, To sweeten my imagination. Shakıpeare's K. Lejr. They have no other doctor but the sun and the fresh air; and that such an one, as never studs them to the aftoulevary. SouthWand'ring in the dark, Physicians, for the tree, have found the bark; They, laboriog for relief of human kind, With sharpen'd sight some remedies may find; Th' apothecary-train is wholly blind. Dryden. A/P or H E G 4 n.s. [properly apophthegm ; which see.] A remarkable saying. By frequent conversing with him, and scattering short apothogos, and little pleasant stories, and making useful applications of them, his son was, in his infancy, taught to abhor vanity and vice as monsters. Walton's Life of Sanderson.

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pression; discouragement; impression of fear. As the furious slaughter of them was a great discouragement and appal-ment to the rest. Bacon. (PPAN AGE. m. s. . [appanagium, low Latin ; probably from panis, bread.] Lands set apart by princes for the maintenance of their younger children. He became suitor for the earldom of Chester, a kind, of oppanage to Wales, and using to go to the king's son. J-ofHad he thought it fit That wealth should be the appanage of wit, The God of light could ne'er j so blind, To deal it to the worst of human kind. Swift.

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vided as means to any certain end, as the tools of a trade; the furniture of a house; ammunition for war; equipage; show. There is an apparatus of things previous to be adjusted, before I come to the calculation itself. Płocalizeard. Ourselves are easily provided for; it is nothing but the circumstantials, the apparatus or equipage of human life, that costs so much. Pope.

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1. To dress; to clothe. With such robes were the king's daughters that were virgins apparelled. g Sam. Both combatants were apparelledonly in their doublets and hoses. ayward. 2.To adorn with dress. . She did affare; her apparel, and with the preciousness of her body made it most *Fo 14, toy. 3. To cover, or deck, as with dress. You may have trees apparelled with flowers, by boring .." in them, and putting into them earth, and setting seeds of violets. Bacon. Shelves, and forks, and precipices, and gulfs, being oparelled with a verdure of plants, would resemble mountains and valieys. . Bently, 4. To fit out ; to furnish. Not in use. It hath been agreed, that either of them should send ships to sea well manned and apparell.i. to fight. Sir j. Hay-card. ****ent, adj. [apparent, Fr. apparens, Lat.

1. Plain; indubitable ; not doubtful. he main principles of reason are in them*oves oparent. For to make nothing evident of itself into man's understanding, were to take away all possibility of knowing anything. Hooker. 2. Sooning ; in appearance; not real. The perception intellective often corrects the or of Phantasy, as in the apparent bigness of the sun, #: apparent crookedness of the staff in air and water. Hale's Origin of Mankind. 3. Visible; in opposition to recret. What secret imaginations we entertained is known to God; this is asparent, that we have *behaved ourselves, as if we preserved a grateful remembrance of his merciés. ... Alterbury. The outward and of parent sanctity of actions should flow from purity of heart. Rogers. 4. Open ; evident; known; not merely Suspected. As well the fear of harm, as harm apparent, a myopinion ought to be prevented. S/34peare. • Certain : not presumptive. 5. o P. is o next of blood, And heir apparent to the English crown. Shah. Arfa'rent. n.s. Elliptically used for heir arent. app Draw thy sword in right.— -I'll draw it as apparent to the crown, And in that quarrel use it. Shaftspeare. APFA's ENTLY. adv. [from apparent.] Evidently : openly. y ; op 'Ames him, officer; I would not spare my brother in this case, If he should scorn me so apparently. Shaft peare. Vices apparently tend to the impairing of men's he §. Tillotion. AppARI'ruon. n.s.. [from appareo, Lat. to

appear.] - -----1. Appearance; visibility. \o. suddenly stood at my head a dream, Whose inward apparition gently mov’d My fancy. ... Milton. M. retirement tempted me to divert those melancholy thoughts which the new apparities, b of foreign invasion and domestic discontent gave use. Denom. 2. The thing appearing ; a form; a visible object.

- I have mark'd A thousand blushing a parition, To ‘art into her facé; a thousand innocent shames In angel whiteness bear away those blushes. , Skałopeare. A glorious apparition / had no doubt, And carnal fear, that day dimm'd Adam's eyes. - Milton. Any thing besides may take from me the sense of what appeared; which apparition, it seems, was you. Tatler. 3. A spectre; a walking spirit. Horatio says 'tis but ou phantasy, Touching this dreaded sight'twice soon of us; Therefore I have intreated him, That if again this apparition come, , He may *PProve our eyes, and speak to it, Skał, Tender minds should not receive early imPolis, of goblins, spectres, and apporti..., wherewith maids fight them into compliance. - Locke: One of those asparitions had his right hand filled with daris, which he brandished in the face of all who came up that way. Tatler. 4. Something only apparent, not real. Still there's something That checks my joys— -Nor can I yet distinguish Which is an apparition, this or that. Denham, 5. Astronomically, the visibility of some luminary : opposed to occultàtion. A month of apparition is the space wherein the moon appeareth, deducting three days. wherein it, commonly disappeareth; and this containeth but twenty-six days and twelve hours. drown's Pulgar Errours. APPA's iTQRs. n. ... [from appareo, Lat. to be at hand.] 1. Such persons as are at hand to execute. the proper orders of the magistrate or judge of any court of judicature. Ayliffe. 2. The lowest officer of the ecclesiastical court; a summoner. They swallowed all the Roman hierarchy, from the Pope to the apparitor. . Ayliffe, To A PPA’Y. v. a. Lappayer, old Fr. to satisfy.] 1. To satisfy ; to content: whence ovels *Pooyeo, is fleased; ill appayed, is uneasy. It is now obsolete. How well of aid she was her bird to find Sidney. I am well of gid that you had rather believ. than take the fain of a long Pilgrimage. Camden. $o only can high justice rost of paid. Moon. 2. The sense is obscure in those lines: Ay, Willy, when the heart is ill assay'd, *Yogipe or joints be wellopaif Spent. To APPEACH. v., a. 1. To accuse; to inform against any perSon. He did, amongst many others, afteeach sir William Stanley, the lord chamberias. Eac. Where he twenty times My son, I would go each him. isclose The state of your affection; for your passions Have to the full aspeached. Shakspeare. 2. To censure; to reproach ; to taint with accusation. For when Cymochles saw the foul reproach, Which them appeached; prick'd with guilty shame

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- Shakspeare.

And inward grief, he fiercely gan approach, Resolv'd to put away that lordly shame. Fairv (2. Nor canst, nor durst thou, traitor, on thy pain, Appeach my honour, or thine own maintain. - - Dryden. Appe’AcHMENT. n. s. [from appeach.J Charge exhibited against any man ; accusation. - A busy-headed man gave first light to this appeachment; but the earl did avouch it. Hayward. The duke's answers to his appeachments, in

number thirteen, I find civilty coiched. Wotton.

To APPEAL. v. n. [appedo, Lat.] 1. To transfer a cause from one to another: with the particles to and from. From the ordinary therefore they coopeal io themselves. owker. 2. To refer to another as judge. Force, or a declared sign of force, upon the person of another, where there is no common superior on earth to appeal to for relief, is the state of war; and it is the want of such an apTeal gives a man the right of war, even against &n aggressor, though he be in society, and a fellow-subject. They knew no foe but in the open field, And to their cause and to the gods appeal’d. Stepney. 3. To call another as witness. Whether this, that the soul always thinks, be a self-evident proposition, I appeal to mankind. w Locke. 4. To charge with a crime; to accuse : a term of law. One but flatters us, As well appeareth by the cause you come on, Namely, to appeal each other of high treason. Shakspeare. App E"A L. n.s.. [from the verb.] 1. A provocation from an inferior to a superior judge, whereby the jurisdiction of the inferior judge is for a while suspended, in respect of the cause ; the cognizance being devolved to the superior judge. Ayliffe's Parergon. - This ring Deliver them, and your appeal to us 'I'here make before them. Shakspeare. Our reason prompts us to a future state, The last appeal from fortune and from fate, Where God's all-righteous ways will be declar'd. Dryden. There are distributres of justice, from whom there lies an appeal to the prince. Addison. 3. In the common law, anaccusation; which is a lawful declaration of another man’s crime before a competent judge, by one that sets his name to the declaration, and undertakes to prove it, upon the penalty that may ensue of the contrary; more commonly used for the private accusation of a murderer, by a party who had interest in the party murdered, and of any felon, by one of his accomplices in the fact. Cowell. The duke's unjust, Thus to retort your manifest appeal, And put your trial in the villain's mouth, Which here you come to accuse. Shakspeare. Hast thou, according to thy oath and bond, Brought hither Henry Hereford, thy bold son, Here to make good the boist’rous late of peal Against the duke of Norfolk : Sbuopeare.

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3. A summons to answer a charge. Nor shall the sacred character of king Beurg'd to shield me from thy bold appeal; If I have injur'd thee, that makes us equal. Dryden. 4. A call upon any as witness. he casting up of the eyes, and lifting up of the hands, is a kind of appeal to the Deity, the author of wonders. Bacon. APPE'A LANT. n. 4. [from appeal.] He that appeals. Lords of...; Your diff'rences shall all rest under gage, Till we assign you to your days of trial. Shakt. APPE'A Lt. R. n. 4. [from appeal.] One who makes an appeal. To APPEAR. v. n. [appareo, Lat.] 1. To be in sight: to be visible. As the leprosy appeareth in the skin of the flesh. Leviticus. And half her knee and half her breast appear, By art like negligence, disclos'd and bare. Prior. 2. To become visible as a spirit. For I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister and a witness. Acts. 3. To stand in the presence of another, generally used of standing before some superiour; to offer himself to the judgment of a tribunal. When shall I come and appear before God? Psalms. 4. To be the object of observation. Let thy work appear unto thy servants, and thy glory unto their children. Pradors. 5. To exhibit one’s sclf before a court of justice. Keep comfort to you, and this morning see You do appear before them. Shakspeare. 6. To be made clear by evidence. Egfrid did utterly waste and subdue it, as ap#. out of Beda's complaint against him; and dgar brought it under his obedience, as appears by an ancient record. Spearer’s #. 7. To seem, in opposition to reality. His first and principal care being to appear unto his people, such as he would have them be, and to be such as he appeared. Sidney. My noble master will appear Such as he is, full of regard and honour. Soaks. 8. To be plain beyond dispute. * From experiments, useful indications may be taken, as will appear by what follows. Arbuth. A PPE/ARANCE. m. s. [from To appear.] I. The act of coming into sight; as, they were surprised by the sudden appearance of the enemy. 2. The thing seen; as, the remarkable appearances in the sky. 3. Phenomenon; that quality of anything which is visible. The advancing day of experimental knowledge Giscloseth such apparanco, as will not lie even in any model extant. (Slanville's Scopsis. 4. Semblance; not reality. He encreased in estimation, whether by destiny, or whether by his virtues, or at least by his appearances of virtues. Hayward. eroic virtue did his actions guide, And he the substance not th' appearance chose. - Dryden. The hypocrite would not put on the oped, ance of virtue, if it was not the most proper means to gain love. .dation.

5. Outside; show.

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