Imágenes de páginas
PDF

Under a fair and beautiful appearance there should ever be the real substance of good. Rogers. 6. Entry into a place or company. Do the same justice to one another, which will be done us hereafter by those, who shall make their appearance in the world, when this generation is no more. Addison. 7. Apparition; supernatural visibility. I .. a pcrson o with the imagination of spectres, more reasonable than one who thinks the appearance of spirits fabulous. Addison. 3. Exhibition of the person to a court. I will not tarry; no, nor ever more Upon this business my appearance make In any of their courts. Säät peare's Henry viii. 9. Open circumstance of a case. Or grant her passion be sincere, How shall his innocence be clear 2 *ś. were all so strong, The world must think him in the wrong. Swift. Io- Presence; mien. Health, wealth, victory, and honour, are introduced; wisdom enters the last; and so captivates with her appearance, that he gives himself up to her. “ Addison. 11. Probability; seeming; likelihood. There is that which hath no appearance, that this priest being utterly unacquainted with the true person, according to whose pattern he should shape his counterfeit, should think it possible for him to instruct his player. Bacon. App E"A R ER. m. s. [from To appear.] The person that appears. That owls and ravens are ominous appearer', - and presignify unlucky events, was an augurial conception. - ruoton. APPE’As A B L E. adj. [from To appease.] That may be pacified ; reconcileable. APPE’As A B L E N Ess. m. s. [from To appease.] The quality of being easily apeased ; reconcileableness. To APPE’ASE. v. a. [appaiser, Fr.] . 1. To quiet ; to put in a state of peace. By his counsel he appeaseth the deep, and nteth islands therein. !cclus. England had no leisure to think of reformation, till the civil wars were appeared, and peace settled. - Davies on Ireland. 2. To pacify ; to reconcile; to still wrath. So Simon was appeared toward them, and fought no more against them. 1 Mac. O God! if my deep prayers cannot appeare thee, Yet execute thy wrath on me alone. Shaksp. The rest shall hear me call, and oft be warm'd Their sinful state, and to appease betimes Th’ incensed Deity. 3. To still ; to quiet. The rest They cut in legs and fillets for the feast, Which drawn and serv'd, their hunger they appease. - Dryden. APPE’As EMENT. n.s.. [from To appease.] A state of peace. Being neither in numbers nor in courage great, partly by authority, partly by entreaty, they were reduced to some good appeasements. Hayward. AP PE’As ER. m. s. [from To appease.] He that pacifies others; he that quiets disturbances. A p r *"I LANT. n.s.. [appello, Lat. to call.] 1. A challenger; one that summons another to answer either in the lists or in a court of justice.

ilton.

In the devotion of a subject's love, And free from other misbegotten hate, Come I appellant to this princely presence. Shak, This is the day appointed for the combat, And ready are th' appellant and defendant, Th’ armourer and his man, to enter the lists. - Shakspeare. These shifts refuted, answer thy foolint, Though by his blindness main'd for high at

tempts, Who aow defies thee thrice to single fight. Milt. 2. One that appeals from a lower to a higher power. An appeal transfers the cognizance of the cause to the superior judge; so that pending the appeal, nothing can be attempted in prejudice of the appellant. Ayliffe's Parergon. A PPH'i. LAT F. m.s.. [appellatus, Lat.] The person appealed against. An appellatory libel ought to contain the name of the party appellant; the name of him from whose sentence it is appealed; the name of him to whom it is anpealed; from what sentence it is appealed; the day of the sentence pronounced, and appeal interposed; and the name of the party appeliate, or person against whom the appeal is lodged. Ayliffo's Parergon. APPE L LA’rio N. n. 4. [a/o es/atio, Lat.] Name; word by which any thing is called. Nor are always the same plants delivered under the same name and appellation. Brown. Good and evil commonly operate upon the mind of man, by respective names or appellations, by which they are notified and conveyed to the mind. South. A Post. I. At 1 v E. m.s.. [attellativum, Lat.] Words and names are either common or proper. Common names are such as stand for universal ideas, or a whole rank of beings, whether general or special. These are called appellatives. So fish, bird, man, city, river, are common names; and so are trout, eel, lobster; for they all agree to many individuals, and some to many species. Watts' Logics. APPE'll Ative LY. adv. [from appellative.] According to the manner of nouns appellative; as, this man is a Hercules. Hercules is used appellatively, to signify a strong man. APPE'll Ato Ry. adj. [from appeal.] That contains an appeal. See AP P: LL.A.T. E. APPE'LLE e. m. s. [from appeal.] One who is appealed against and accused. Dict. To APPE'ND. v. a. sappendo, Lat. to hang to any thing. 1. To hang any thing upon another ; as, the inscription was appended to the column; the seal is appended to the record. 2. To add to something, as an accessory, not a principal part. AP re'Ni AG E. m. . [French." Something added to another thing, without being necessary to its essence, as a portico to the house, Modesty is the appendage of sobriety, and is to chastity, to temperance, and to humility, as the finges are to a garment. ‘savior. None of the laws of motion now established, will serve to account for the production, notion, or number of bodies, nor their approges, though they may help us a little to consive their appearances. Cloyne.

He was so far from over-valuing any of the appendages of life, that the thoughts o life did not affect him. Atterbury. App E's D A Nt. adj [French.] 1. Hanging to something else. 2. Belonging to ; annexed ; concomitant. He that despises the world, and all its appendart vanities, is the most secure. Taylor. . He that looks for the blessings asspendant to the sacrament, must expect them upon no terms, but of a worthy communion. aylor. Riches multiplied beyond the proportion of our character, and the wants ofte:dant to it, naturally dispose men to forget God. Rogers. 3. In law; Appendant is anything belonging to another, as accessorium principati with the civilians, or adjunctum subjecto with the logicians. An hospital may be of pendant to a maiour; a common of fishing appendant to a frechold. Corvel/, AppE'N DAN T. n. s. That which belongs to another thing, as an accidental or adventitious part. Pliny gives an account of the inventors of the forms and appendints of shipping. Hale. A word, a look, a tread, will strike, as they are appendants to external symmetry, or indications of the beauty of the mind. Grew. To APFE'Ndicate. v. a. [appendo, Lat.] To add to another thing. In a palace there is the case or fabrick of the structure, and there are certain additaments; as, various furniture, and curious motions of divers things appendicated to it. Ficle. APPEN dic A’rio N. m. s. [from appendicate.] Adjunct: o ; annexion. There are considerable parts and integrals, and appendications unto the mundus aspectatio, impossible to be eternal. Hale. AppE'ND1x. n. s. aspendices, plur. [Lat.] 1. Something appended, or added, to another thing, The cherubim were never intended as an object of worship, because they were only the opradices to another thing. But a thing is then proposed as an objéct of worship, when it is set up by itself, and not by way of addition or ornament to another thing. Stilling/leet. Normandy became an apoendix to England, the nobler dominion, and received a greater conformity of their laws to the English, than they Eave to it. Hale's Civil Law £f England. 3. An adjunct or concomitant. All coucurrent opendices of the action ought to be surveyed, in order to pronounce with truth concerning it. JP'atts. To APPERTA'IN. v. n. [appartenir, Fr.] J. To belong to as of right: with to. The honour of devising this doctrine, that religion ought to be inforced by the sword, would be found appertaining to Mahomed the false prophet. Raleigh. The Father, t' whom in heav'n supreme Kingdom, and power, and glory opportaio, Hath honour'd me, according to his will. Milton. 2. To belong to by nature or appointment. If the soul of man did serve ... to give him being in this life, then things appertaining to this life would content him, as we see they do other creatures. Hooker. And they roasted the passover with fire, as goertainetb, as for the sacrifices, they sod them in brass pots. 1 Esdras. Both of them seem not to generate any other effect, but such as appertainob to their proper

object, and seases, Jacent

the same from him.

Is it expected I should know no secrets ... That appertain to you? Shakspeare, APPER's A'i NMENT. n. s. [from appertain.] That which belongs to any rank or dignity. He shent our messengers, and we lay by Our appertainments, visiting of him. Skałpeare, APPE’R r £N ANC E. m. s. Lappartenance, Fr.] That which belongs or relates to another thing. Can they which behold the controversy of divinity, condemn our enquiries in the doubtful apportenances of arts, and receptaries of philosophy? - Brown's Pugar Errourt, AppE'RT IN ENT. adj. [from To appertain.] Belonging ; relating. You know how apt our love was to accord To furnish him with all appertinents Belonging to his honour. Slakspeare's Henry v. A'p PET EN ce. R. n. ... [appetentia, Lat.] A'P PET EN cy. 5 Carnal desire ; sensual desire. Bred only and completed to the taste Of lustful appetence; to sing, to dance, To dress, to troule the tongue, and roll the eye. - * Afilton, AppET Ibi'lity. n. 4. [from appetible.] The quality of being desirable. That elicitation which the schools intend, is a deducing of the power of the will into act, merely from the appetibility of the object, as a man draws a child after him with the sight of a green bough. Bramball against Holies. A’r PET I BLE, adj. [appetibilis; Lat.] Desirable ; that may be the object of appetite. Power both to slight the most appetible objects, and to controul the most unruly passions. Bramball. APPETITE. m. s. [appetitus, Lat.] I. The natural desire of good; the instinct by which we are led to seek pleasure. The will, properly and strictly taken, as it is of things which are referred unto the end that man desireth, differeth greatly from that infe* rigur natural desire which we call appetite. The object of appetite is whatsoever sonsible good may be wished for; the object of will is that good which reason does lead us to o: 2. The desire of sensual pleasure. - Why, she would hang on him, As if increase of appetite had grown By what it fed on. Shakspeare's Hamlet. - Urge his hateful luxury, And bestial appetite in change of lust. Shali. Each tree Ioaden with fairest fruit, that hung to th' eye +...o. stirr'd in me sudden appetite To pluck and eat. Milton's Paradise Last. 3. Violent longing; eagerness after any thing. No man could enjoy his life, his wife, or goods, if a mightier man had an appetite to take H - Davier. opton had an extraordinary appetite to engage W. in a battle. pp. Clarendon. 4. The thing eagerly desired. . Power being the natural appetite of princes, a limited monarch cannot gratify it. Swift. 5. Keenness of stomach; hunger; desire of food. There be four principal causes of afoetite; the refrigeration of the stomach, joined with some dryness; contraction; vellication, as

[graphic]

obstersion; besides hunger, which is an emptiness. Bacon's Natural History. There is continual abundance, which creates such an appetite in your reader, that he is not cloyed with any thing, but satisfied with all. Dryden. 6. It has sometimes of before the object of desire. The new officer's nature needed some restraint to his immoderate appetite of power. Clarendot. 7, Sometimes to. We have generally such an appetite to praise, that we greedily suckit in. Govern. of the songue. APPE'rition, n.s.. [appetitio, Lat.] DeSlre. . The actual off. or fastening our affections on him. ammond's Practical Catechism. We find in animals an estimative or judicial faculty, an appetition or aversation. judge Hale. Apper Itive. adj. [from appetite.] That does desire; that has the quality of desiring. The will is not a bare appetitive power, as that of the sensual appetite, but is a rational apPetite. }; Origin of Mankind. . I find in myself an appetitive faculty always in exercise, in the very height of activity and invigoration. Norris. To APPLAUD. v. a. [applaudo, Lat.] 1. To praise by clapping the hand. I would applaud thee to the very echo, That should'applaud again. Shakspeare. 2. To praise in general. Nations unborn your mighty names shall

sound, And worlds applaud that must not yet be found!

ope. APPLA'ude R. m. . [from applaud.] He that praises or commends. 4 had the voice of my single reason against it, drowned in the noise of a multitude of applauders. Glanville's Scopsis. Appla"use. n.s.. [applausus, Lat.] Approbation loudly expressed ; praise: properly a clap. This general applause, and cheerful shout, Argues your wisdom and your love to Richard. - Shakspeare. Scylla wept, And chid her barking waves into attention; And fell Charybdis murmur'd soft applause. AMilton. Those that are so fond of applaute, how little do they taste it when they have it! South. See their wide streaming wounds! they neither canne For pride of empire, nor desire of fame;

Kings fight for kingdoms, madmen for of...;

But love for love alone, that crowns the lover's cause. Dryden's Fable. AsPPLE. a. s. saeppel, Saxon.] 1. The fruit of the apple-tree. Tall thriving trees confess'd the fruitful mold; The redd'ning apple ripens here to gold. Pope. 2. The pupil of the eye. He instructed him; he kept him as the apple of his eye. Deuteronomy. APPLE of Love. Apples of love are of three sorts; the most common faving long trailing branches, with rough leaves and yellow joints, succeeded by apples, as they are called, at the joints, not round, but bunched; of a pale orange shining ... pulp, and seeds within. Mortimer, Arrie-G R A T. n. 4. [from apple and

graft.] A twig of apple-tree grafted upon the stock of another tree. e have seen three and twenty sorts of applegrafts upon the same old plant, most of them adorned with fruit. Boyle, APPLE-TART. n. 4. [from apple and tart.] A tart made of apples. What, up and down carv'd like ano-tart! Sha'speare. APPLE-TRE E. n.s.. [from apple and irre.] The fruit of this tree is for the most part hollowed about the foot stalk; the cells inclosing the seed are separated by cartilaginous partitions; the juice of the fruit is sourish, the tree large and spreading; the flowers consist of five leaves, expanding in form of a rose. There is a great variety of these fruits. Those for the descert are, the white juniting, Margaret apple, summer pearmain, summer queening, embroidered apple, golden reinette, sommer white Colville, summer red Colville, silver o alomatick pippin, the grey reinette, la haute-bonté, royal russetting, Wheeler's russet, Sharp's russet, spice apple, golden pippen, nonpareil and l'api. Those for the kitchen use are, codling, summer marigold, summer red pearmain, Holland pippin, Kentish pippin, the hanging body, Loan's pearmain, French reinotte, French pipsin, royal russet, monstruous reinette, winter pearmain, pomine violette, so pippin, stone Pippin, **. And those generally used for cyder are, Devonshire royal wilding, redstreaked ap. the whitsour, Herefordshire underleaf, . ohn-apple, &c. Miller. Oaks and beeches last longer than apple, and

pears. Bacon.

a

* Thus apple-trees, whose trunks are strong ta

car

Their spreading boughs, exert themselves in air. - - Dryden. Apple-wom AN. m. s. [from apple and woman.] A woman that selis apples,

that keeps fruit on a stall. Yonder are two apple-women scolding, and just ready to uncoif one another. Arčothnot. Appli’A B L E. adj. [from apply..] That may be applied. For this word the

moderns use applicable ; which see. Limitations all such principles have, in regard of the varieties of the matter whereunto they are appliable. Hooker. All that I have said of the heathen idolatry is. appliable to the idolatry of another sort of men in the wood. . South, Appli’Angé. n. . [foom apply..]. The act

of applying ; the thing applied. Diseases desp'rate grown By desperate appliance are relieved. Shop. Are you chas d? Ask God for temperance,'tis the appliance only Which your desires require. Shakspeare. Applic A BI’li I. Y., n.s.. [from afplicable.] The quality of being fit to be applied to something. The action of cold is composed of two parts; the one pressing, the other penetration, which require applical.lity. Dixoy, A/P Plicable. adj. [from copy.] That may be applicq, as properly relating to something. What he says of the portrait of any particular person, is applicable to poetry. In the character, there is a better or a worse likeness; the better is a panegyrick, and the worse a libel. Prydew.

it were happy for us, if this complaint were ***lizable only to the hcathen world. Rogers. A/FP lic AB is N Ess. n.s.[from applicable.] Fitness to be applied. The knowledge of salts may possibly, by that little part which we have already delivered of its applicableness, be of use innatural Philo. ovie. A/PPLICABLY. adv. [from applicahle. In such a manner as that it may be properly applied, A'pplicate. r. s. [from apply..] A right line drawn across a curve, so as to bisect the diameter thereof. Chambers. Applica’rio N. n.s.. [from apply.] 1. The act of applying any thing to another; as, he mitigated his pain by the application of emollients. 2. The thing applied; as, he invented a new application, by which blood might be staunched. 3. The act of applying to any person, as a solicitor or petitioner. It should seem very extraordinary that a patent should be passed upon the application of a poor, private, obscure, mechanick. Swift. 4. The employment of means for a certain end. There is no stint which can be set to the value or merit of the sacrificed body of Christ; it hath no measured certainty of limits, bounds of efficacy unto life it knoweth none, but is also itself infinite in possibility of application. Hooker. If a right course be taken with children, there will not be much need of the application of the common rewards and punishments. Locke. 5. Intenseness of thought; close study. I have discovered no other way to keep our thoughts close to their business, but, by frequent attention and coffication, getting the habit of attention and apolication. Locke. 6. Attention to some particular affair: with the particle to. His continued application to such publick afairs, as may benefit his kingdoms, diverts him from pleasures. Addison. This crime certainly deserves the utmost application and wisdom of a people to prevent it. - Addison. #. Reference to some case or position: as, the story was toid, and the hearers made the app/ication. This principle acts with the greatest force in the worst application ; and the familiarity of wicked men more successfully debauches, than that of good men reforms. agers. A'r Plic ATI ve. adj. [from apply..] That does apply. . The directive command for counsel is in the understanding, and the coelicative command for putting in execution, is in the will. Bramhall. A’pplicato Ry. adj. [from apply..] That comprehends the act of application. A'PE Lic.A.To R Y. n.s.That which applies. There are but two ways of applying the death of Christ : faith is the inward. Alicatory, and if there be any outward, it must be the sacraments. Taylor's Worthy Communicant. To APPLY”. v. a. s.applico, Łat.] J. To put one thing to another. He said, and to the sword his throat o ryden,

4. To lay medicaments upon a wound,

[ocr errors]

Apply some speedy cure, prevent our fate, Ao. naturer is borosite. Aion. God has addressed every passion of our nature, applied remedies to every weakness, warned us of every enemy. agers. 3. To make use of as relative or suitable to something. This brought the death of your father into remembrance, and I repeated the verses which I formerly applied to him. Dryden's Fables. 4. To put to a certain use. The profits thereof might be applied towards the support of the year. Clarendon. 5. To use as means to an end. These glorious beings are instruments in the hands of God, who applies their services, and governs their actions, and disposes even their wills and affections. Rogers. 6. To fix the mind upon; to study: with to., Locke uses about, less properly. Apply thine heart unto instruction, and thine ears to the words of knowledge. Pre-verbs. Every man is conscious to himself that he thinks; and that which his mind is applied about, whilst thinking, is the ideas that are }. otra. It is a sign of a capacious mind, when the mind can apply itself to several objects with a swift succession. Waiti. 7. To have recourse to, as a solicitor or petitioner; with to ; as, I applied myself to him for help. 8. To address to. - God at last To Satan first in sin his doom apply'd, Tho' in mysterious terms, judg’d as then best. Milton. Sacred vows and mystic song apply'd To grisly Pluto and his gloomy É. Pope. 9. To busy; to keep at work : an antiquated sense, for which we now use psy. She was skilful in applying his humours; never suffering fear to fall to despair, norhope to hasten to assurance. Sidney.

Io. To act upon ; to ply.

A varlet running towards hastily, Whose flying feet so fast their way #4. That round about a cloud of dust did fly. Fairy Queen. To Apply’. a. m. I. To o: ; to go the veh f ould it apply well to the vehemency of your affection, o should win what . would enjoy Shakspeare. 2. To have recourse to, as a petitioner. I had no thoughts of applying fo any but himself; he ...i would speak to others. Swift. 3. To attach by way of influence. God knows every faculty and passion, and in what manner they can be most successfully applied to. - - Rogers. To Appo's NT. w. a. [appointer, Fr.] 1. To fix any thing, as to settle the exact time for some transaction. The time appointed of the Father. Galatians. 2. To settle anything by compact. He said, Appoint me thy wages, and I will pay it. . . Genesis. Now there was an aspointed sign between the men of Israel and the liers in wait. Judget. 3. To establish any thing by decree. It was before the Lord, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the People of the Ford. - 2 Sawwas,

Unto him thou gavest commandment, which he transgressed, and immediately thou oppointed it death in him, and in his generations. 2 Esdras. O Lord, that art the God of the just, thou hast not appointed repentance to the just. Manarieh's Prayer. 4. To furnish in all points; to equip; to supply with all things necessary: used anciently in speaking of soldiers. The English being well appointed, did so ontertain them, that their ships departed terribly torn. Hayward. Appo'INTER. m. s. [from appoint..] He that settles or fixes anything or place. Appointment. n.s.. [appointement, Fr.] 1. Stipulation; the act of fixing something in which two or more are concerned. They had made an appointment . to come to mourn with him, and to comfort ". 00. 2. Decree; establishment. The ways of death be only in his hands, who alone hath power over all flesh, and unto whose appointment we ought with patience meekly to submit ourselves. , Hooker. 3. Direction; order. That good fellow, If I command him, follows my appointment; I will have none so near else. Shakspeare. 4. oport ; furniture. hey have put forth the haven: further on, Where their 4 pointment we may best discover, And look on their endeavour. Shakspeare. Here art thou in appointment fresh and fair, Anticipating time with starting courage. Shakt. 3. An allowance paid to any man; commonly used of allowances to publick officers. To Appo'RT1os. v. a.[from portio, Lat.] To set out in just proportions. Try the parts of the body, which of them istue speedily, and which slowly; and, by appertioning the time, take and leave that quality which you desire. Bacon. To these it were good, that some proper prayer were apportioned, and they taught it: South. An office cannot be opportioned out like a tommon, and shared among distinct proprietors. Collier. Appo'RTI on MENT. m. s. [from apportion.] A dividing of a rent into , two parts or portions, according as the land, whence it issues, is divided among two or more proprietors. Chambers. To Appo's E. J. a. [appono, Lat.] 1. To put questions to. Not in use, except that, in some schools, to put grammatical questions to a boy is called to pose him; and we now use Aose for puzzle. Some procure themselves to be surprised at such times as it is like the party, that they work upon, will come upon them; and to be found with a letter in their hand, or doing somewhat which they are not accustomed; to the end they may be apposed of those things which of themselves they are desirous to utter. Bacon. 2. To apply to : a latinism. o malign putrid vapours, the nutriment is rendered unapt of being apposed to the parts.

Harvey.

A prosite, adj. [appositus, Lat.] Pro

per; fit; well adapted to time, place, or circuu, stances. The duke's delivery of his mind was not so sharp, as solid and grave, and apposite to the times and occasions. Wotton. Neither was Perkin, for his part, wanting to himself, either in gracious and princely behaviour, or in ready and apposite answers. Bacon. Remarkable instances of this kind have been: but it will administer reflections very apposite to the design of this present solemnity. Zitterbury. . A/P Posi TE LY. adv. from apposite.] Prorly ; fitly ; suitably. Po : maw o, fore this disease, of a F. and improper consumption, to a decaying ouse. arvey. When we come into a government, and see this place of honour allotted to a murderer, another filled with an atheist or a blasphemer, may we not apparitely and properly ask, Whether there be any virtue, sobriety, or religion, amongst such a people * - South. A/P posite Ness. n. 4. [from apposite.] Fitness; propriety; suitableness. Judgment is either concerning things to be known, or ofthings done, of their congruity, fitness, rightness, appositeness. als. A PPosi’s Ios. m. s. [appositio, Lat.] 1. The addition of new matter, so as that it may touch the first mass. Urine inspected with a microscope, will discover a black sand; wherever this sand sticks, it grows still bigger, by the apposition of new matter. . Arbuthnot on Diet. 2. In grammar, the putting of two nouns in the same case; as, liber Susannae matris, the book of his mother Susan. To APPRA/ISE. v. a. [apprecier, Fr.] To set a price upon anything, in order to sale. , AP PR A'is ER. ". . [from appraise.] A person appointed to set a price upon things to be sold. To APPREHE'ND., v. a. [apprehendo, Lat. to take hold of..] 1. To lay hold on. . There is nothing but hath a double handle, or at least we have two hands to apprehend it. Taylor. 2 To seize in order for trial or punishment. The governor kept the city with a garrison, desirous to apprehend me. 2 Corinthians. It was the rabble, of which no body was named; and, which is more strange, not one apprehended. . Clarendon. 3. To conceive by the mind. The good which is gotten by doing, causeth not action; unless, apprehending it as good, we like and desire it. Hooker. Yet this I opprehend net, why to those Among whom God will deign to dwell on earth, So many and so various laws are given. Milton. The first Being is invisible and incorruptible, and can only be apprehended by our minds. Stillingfleet. 4. To think on with terrour; so fear. From my grandfather's death, I had reason to ... the stone; and, from my father's life, the gout. Temple. AP PR E H E'N DE 3. n. . [from apprebend.] Conceiver; thinker. Gross apprehenders may not think it any more strange, than that a bullet shoul;I bemoved by the rarified fire. Glanville.

« AnteriorContinuar »