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Ayr Rehe'N's 1B le. adj. [from apprehend.] That may be apprehended, or conceived. ‘I he north and southern poles are incommunicable and fixed points, whereof the one is not , , apprehensible in the other, Brown's Pulg. Er. AFP R E HE'ssio N. m. ... [apprehensio, Lat.] 1. The mere contemptation of things, without affirming or denying any thing concerning them. So we think of a horse, high, swift, animal, time, matter, death, &c. //atts. simple apprehension denotes no more than the – soul's naked intellection of an object, without either composition or deduction. Glanville. 2. Qpinion ; sentinents; conception. If we aim at right understanding its true nature, we must examine what apprehension mankind make of it. Digby. To be false, and to be thought false, is all one in respect of men who act not according to truth, ut apprehension. - South. The expressions of scripture are commonly suited in those matters to the vulgar appreherions and conceptions of the place and people where they were delivered. Looe. 3. 1 he faculty by which we conceive new ideas, or power of conceiving them. I nam'd them as they pass'd, and understood Their nature, with such knowledge God indu'd My sudden apprehension. 41-ston. 4. Fear. Jt behoveth that the world should be held in awe, not by a vain surmise, but a true apprebension of somewhat which no man may think himself able to withstand. Hooker. And he the future evil shall no less In opprehension than in substance feel. Milton. The opprehension of what was to come from an unknown, at least unacknowledged, successour to the crown, clouded much of that prosperity. Clarendon. As they have no apprehension of these things, so they mced no comtort against them. Tillot, on. After the dei th of his nephew Caligula, Claudigs was in no small apprehension for his own life. - Addison. 5. Suspicion of tomething to happen, or be done. I'll note you in toy book of memory, And scourge you for this opprehension. Shop. . . That he might toke away the apprehension, that he meant sudd: n!y to depart, he sent out crders which he was sure would come into the enemies bands, to two or three villages, that they shouldsend proportion is of corn into Basinghouse. Clarendon. 6. Seizure. See that he be convey'd unto the Tower: And go we, brothers, to the man that took him, To question of his apprehension. Shakpeare. 7. The power of seizing, catching, or holding. A lobster hath the cheely or great claw of one side longer “ha’ the other, but this is not their - leg, but a part of *:::...; whereby they seize upcn thcor prey. Brown's Pulgar Errouri. Arr REHE's s : v E. adj. [from apprehend.] 1. Quick to understand. And gives encouragement to those who teach

such apprehe : five scholars. Holder.

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The inhabitants of thiscountry, when I passed

throughit, were extremely apprehensive of seeing Lombardy the seat of war. Addison. They are not at all apprehensive of evils at a distance, nor tormented with the fearful prospect of what may befal them hereafter. Tillion. 3. I'erceptive feeling. Thoughts, my tormentors, arm'd with deadly stings, Mangle my apprehensivetenderest parts. Milion. A "** 1: H.E.'ssively. adv. [from apprehensive..] In an apprehensive manner. APPR hossives Ess. n.s...[from appre#ensive.] The quality of being apprehensive. Whereas the vowels are much more difficult to be taught, you will find, by falling upon them last, great help by the apprehensivenes, already gained in learning the consonants. Holier. APPRENTICE. n.s.. [apprenti, Fr.] One that is bound by covenant to serve another man of trade, for a certain term of years, upon condition that the artificer, or tradesman, shall, in the mean time, endeavour to instruct him in his art or mystery. Cowell. Love enjoined such diligence, that no apprentice, no, no bond slave, could ever be more ready; than that young princess was. Sidney. He found him such an †. as knew well enough how to set up for himself. Wotton. This rule sets the painter at liberty; it teaches him, that he ought not to be subject himselfservilely, and be bound like an #."; to the rules of his art. Dryden's Dyreunoy. ToAPPRE’NT1ce. v. a. [from the moun.] To put out to a master as an apprentice. Him portion'dmaids,apprentic'dorphansblest, The young wholabour, and the old whorest. Pops. At Pitt's rick Hood, n.s.. [from approntice.] The years of an apprentice's servitude. Must I not serve a long apprenticehead To foreign passages, and in the end, Having my freedom, boast of o; else But that I was a journeyman to grief? Stake. AFP RE's riceshi P. m. . [from appren. tice.] The years which an apprentice is to pass under a master. In every art, the simplest that is, there is an apprenticeship necessary, before itcan be expected one should work. Digby. Many rushed into the ministry, as being the only calling that they could profess without serving airy apprenticeship. South.

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appris, Fr.] To inform; to give the knowledge of any thing. He considers the tendency of such a virtue or vice; he is well apprized, that the representation of some of these things may convince the understanding, and some may terrify the conscience.

Watts. It is fit he be apprized of a few things, that may prevent his mistaking. Choynt.

But if, appriz'd of the severe attack, The country be shut up, lur'd by the scent, On church yard drear o to relate) The disappointed prowlers fall. ‘TBarnsen.

7% APPROACH. v. n [approcher, Fr.]

1. To draw near locally. "Tis time to look about: the powers of the

kingdom approach apace. S&#xpears. we suppose Ulysses approaching toward Polypheme, JBrowns.

2. To draw near, as time.
Hark! I hear the sound of coaches,
The hour of attack approaches. Gay.
1. To make a progress toward, in a figu-
rative sense, as mentally.
He shall approach unto me: for who is this
that engaged his heart to approach unto me?
To have knowledge in all the objects of con-
templation, is what the mind can hardly attain
unto; the instances are few of those who have,
in any measure, approachedtowards it. . Locke.
4. To come near, by natural affinity, or
resemblance; as, the cat approacoes to
the tiger.
To App Ro’Ach. v.a.

1. To bring near to. This sense is rather French than English. This they will nimbly perform, if objected to the extremes; but slowly, and not at all, if apfroached unto their roots. Brown's Pulgar Er. By plunging paper thoroughly in weak spirit of wine, and approaching it to a candle, the spirituous parts will burn, without harming the paper. Boyle. Approach'd, and looking underneath the sun, He saw proud Arcite. - Dryden. 2. To come near to. He was an admirable poet, and thought even to have approached Homer. Temple. Arro'AéH. n.s.. [from the verb.] 1. The act of drawing near. If I could bid the seventh welcome with so i. a heart as I can bid the other five farewel, should be glad of his approach. Shakspeare. "T" is with our souls As with our eyes, that after a long darkness Are dazzled at th' approach of sudden light, enham. 2. Access. Honour hath in it the vantage ground to do good; the approach to kings and principal persons; and the raising of a man's own fortunes. Bacon. 3. Hostile advance. For England his a "proaches make as fierce As waters to the sucking of a gulph. Shakop. 4. Mcans of advancing. Againot beleagur'd heav'n the giants move ; ills pil'd on hills, on mountains mountains lie, To make their mad approaches to the sky. Pry. Approach E R. n.s.. [from approach..] The person that approaches or draws near. Thou gav'st thine ears, like tapsters, that bid welcome To knaves and all approacher. Shakspeare. Appro'AcHMENT. n.s.. [from a pi ....] The act of coming near. As for ice, it will not concrete but in the a proachment of the air, as we have made trial in glasses of water, which will not easily freeze. - Brown. Appro BA/T 1 on. m. s. [approbatio, Lat.) 1. The act of approving, or expressing himself pleased or satisfied. That not past me, but By learned apprelation of my judges. 2. The liking of any thing. There is no positive law of men, whether received by formal consent, as in councils, or by secret of robation, as in customs, but may be taken away. ocker. The bare approbation of the worth and goodress of a thing, is not properly the willing of that thing; yet men dovery commonly account it so. South.


- 3. Attestation; support.

- How many now in health Shall drop their blood in apolition Of what your rev'rence shall incite us to! Shak. App Ro'of. m. s. [from approve; as / roof, from prove..] Approbation ; commendation : a word rightly derived, but old. O most perilo's mouths, That bearin them one and the self-same tongue Either of condemnation or of proof." Shakspeare. To APP Ro'i E R A 1 r. v. a. [ opera, Lat.] To hasten; to set forward. Duct. To App R or 1'N QUAT F. v. n. [appropinquo, Lat.] To draw night unto; to approach. To Ar P Ro P1’N QUF. v. n. [appropinquo, Lat To approach; to drawn near to. A ludicrous word. The clotted blood within my hose, That from my wounded body flows, With mortal crisis doth portend My days to appropinque an end. Hudibrar. APP Ro'PR A B L E. adj. [from appropriate.] That may be appropriated ; that may be restrained to something particular. This conceit, applied unto the original of man, and the beginning of the world, is more justly appropriable unto its end. Brown's Puig. Er. To APPROPRIATE. v. a. [approprier, Fr. approp to, low Lat.] 1. To consign to some particular use or person. Things sanctified were thereby in such sort appropriated unto God, as that they might never afterwards again be made common. ooker. As for this spot of ground, this person, this thing, I have selected and dopropriated, have inclosed it to myself and my own use: and I will endure no sharer, no rival, or companion in it. South. Some they appropriated to the gods, And some to publick, some to private ends. Roscommon. Marks of honour are coorooriated to the maj. that he might be invited to reverence imself. Atterbury. . To claim or exercife; to take to himself by an exclusive right. To themselves approoriating The spirit of God, promis'd alike and giv'n To all believers. - Milton. Why should people engross and appropriate the common benefits of fire, air, and water, to themselves 2 L'Estrange. Every body else has an equal title to it; and therefore he cannot appropriate, he cannot inclose, without the consent of all his fellow-comroomers, all mankind. Locke. 3. To make peculiar to something; to annex by combination. He need but be furnished with verses of sncred scripture; and his system, that has approprioted them to the orthodoxy of his church, makes them immediately irreiragable arguments. Locke. We, by degrees, get ideas and names, and learn their appropriated coanection one with another. Locke. 4. In law, to alienate a benefice. Sec A PPR of R i At 1o N. Before Richard 11. it was lawful to appropriate the whole fruits of a benefice to any abbey, the house finding one to serve the cure; that king redressed that horrid evil. Ayliffe, APP Ro'PR1A re. adj. [from the verb.] Pe

culiar; consigned to some particular

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use or person; belonging peculiarly. He did institute a band of fifty archers, by the name of yeomen of his guard : and that it might be thought to be rather a matter of digmity, than any matter of diffidence appropriate to his own case, he made an ordinance not temporary, but to holdin succession for ever, Bacon. The heathens themselves had an apprehension of the necessity of some appropriate acts of divine worship. Stillingfleet. App R opki A't los. m. s. [from opp, priate J 1. The application of something to a particular purpose. The mind should have distinct ideas of the things, and retain the particular name, with its peculiar appropriation to that idea. Locke. 2. The claim of any thing as peculiar. He doth nothing but talk of his horse, and make a great appropriation to his good parts, that he can shoe him himself. Slal of care. 3. The fixing a particular signification to a word. The name of faculty may, by an appropriation that disguises its true sense, palliate the absurdity. Locke. 4. In law. Appropriation is a severing of a benefice ec. clesiastical to the proper and perpetual use of some religious house, or dean and chapter, bishoprick, or college; because, as persons ordi:;arily have no right of fee simple, these, by reason of their perpetuity, are accounted owners of the fee simple; and therefore are called proprietors: To an appropriation, after the licence obtained of the king in chancery, the consent of the diocesan, patron, and incumbent, are necessary, if the church be full: but if the church be void, the diocesan and the patron, upon the king's licence, may conclude. Cowell. Approp it A'to R. n.s.. [from affropriate.] He that is possessed of an appropriated benefice. These appropriatory, by reason of their perpetuities, are accounted owners of the fee simple; and therefore are called proprictors. Ayliffe. AP PR o'v AB L E. adj. [from ap, rove. That merits approbation. The solid reason, or confirmed experience, of any men, is very approvable in what profession socoer. Brown's Pulgar Errours. APP Ro’v A L. r. s. [from approve..] Approbation : a word rarely found. There is a censor of justice and manners, without whose approval no capital sentences are to be executed. Temple. AP PR of v A.Nce. n.s.. [from as prove.] Approbation: a word not much used. A man of his learning should not so lightly have been carried away with old wives' tales from approvance of his own reason. Spenter. Should she seem Soft'ning the least approvance to bestow, Their colours burnish, and, by hope inspir'd, They brisk advance. Aomson. To APPROVE. v. a. [approver, Fr. approto. Lat.] '1. To like ; to be pleased with. There can be nothing possibly evil which God approvo, and that he approveth much more than he doth command. ooker. what power was that whereby Medea saw, And well approod and praised the bettercourse, *A*hen her rebellious sense did so withdraw Her feeble pow'rs that she pursu'd the worse?

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2. To express liking. It is looked upon as insolence for a man to set up his own opinion against that of some learned doctor, or otherwise approved writer. Locke, 3. To prove ; to show; to justify. - His meaning was not, that Archimedes could simply in nothing be deceived; but that he had in such sort #. his skill, that he seemed worthy of credit for ever after, in matters appertaining to the science he was skilful in. Hooker. In religion, What damned errour but some sober brow Will bless it, and approve it with a text Slak. I'm sorry That he approves the common liar, Fame, Who speaks him thus at Rome. Skałpeare. Would'st thouapprove thy constancy? Aft/rove First thy obedience. ilton. Refer all the actions of this short life to that state which will never end; and this will approve itself to be wisdom at the last, whatever the worldjudge of it now. Tillotten. 4. To experience. Not in use. Qh !'t is the curse in love, and still approv's, When womencannot love, where they're belov’d. Shakspeare. 5. To make or show to be worthy of approbation. The first care and concern must be to approve himself to God by righteousness, holiness, and purity. Rogers. 6. It has of before the object, when ‘it signifies to be pleased, but may be used without a preposition ; as, I approve your letter, or, of your letter. I shewed you a piece of black and white stuff, just sent from the dyer; which you were pleased to as prove of, and be my customer for. Swift. APP Ro’y EMENT. m. s. [from approv..] Approbation; liking. It is certain that at the first you were all of my opinion, and that I did nothing without your approvement. Hayward. Aror o’v ER. m. s. [from approve.] 1. He that approves. 2. Ile that makes trial. Their discipline, Now, mingled with their courages, will make known To their approvers, they are people such As mend upon the world. Skałspeare. 3. In common law, one that, confessing felony of himself, appealeth or accuseth another one or more, to be guilty of the same: and he is called so, because he must prove what he hath alleged in his appeal. Cowell. APP Ro'x1MAT E. adj [from ad, to, and fromws, near, Lat.] Near to. These receive a quick conversion, containing afproximate dispositions untoanimation. Brown. APP Roxim A^T los. m. s. [from approtomate.] I. Approach to any thing. Unto the latitude of Capricorn, or the winter solstice, it had been a spring; for, unto that sition, it had been in a middle point, and that of ascent or approximation. Brown's Vulg. Fr. The fiery region gains upon the inferiour elements; a necessary consequent of the sun's grodual approximation towards the earth. Quadrupeds are better placed accordin to the degrees of their approximation to the human shape. Great's Museum. 2. In science, a continual approach nearer

still, and nearer, to the quantity sought, though perhaps without a possibility of ever arriving at it exactly. Appu’lse. n. . [appulsus, Lat.] The act of striking against any thing. An hectic fever is the innate heat kindled into a destructive fire, through the appule of saline streams. Harvey. In vowels, the passage of the mouth is open and free, without any appulse of an organ of speech to another; but in all consonants, there is an appulle of the organs. Płolder. To A'pric At E. v. n. Lapricor, Lat.] To bask in the sun. Dict. Apri'city. n.s.. [apricitas, Lat.] Warmth of the sun; sunshine. Dict. A'pricot, or A'P Ricock. m. s. [from ;" Lat. sunny..] A kind of wall1t

A'PRIL. m. s. [Aprilis, Lat. Avril, Fr.] The fourth month of the year, January counted first. April is represented by a young man in green, with a garland of myrtle and hawthorn buds; in one hand primroses and violets, in the other the sign Taurus. Peacham on Drawing. Men are April when they woo, December when they wed: Maids are May when they are maids, but the sky changes when they are wives. ' Shakspeare's As you like it. Mekon. n.s. [A word of uncertain etymology, but supposed by some to be * contracted from afore on..] . A cloth hung before, te keep the other dress clean. Give us gold, goodTimon: hast thou more?— old up, you sluts, Your aprons mountant. Skałpeare. The nobility think scorn to go in leather aprons. Shakspeare. How might we see Falstaff, and not ourselves seen?—Put on two leatherjerkins and aprons, and wait upon him at his table as drawers. Slak. In these figures the vest is gathered up before them, like an apron, which you must suppose filled with fruits. Addison. Apron. m. s. [in gunnery.] A piece of lead which covers the touch-hole of a great gun. A'eko N of a goose. The fat skin which covers the belly. A'Pros-MAN. n.s. [from apron and man.] A man that wears an apron; a workman; a manual artificer. You have made good work, You and your apron-men, that stood so much Upon the voice of occupation, and *. breath of garlick eaters. Shakspeare. Aeron ED. adj. [from apron.] Wearing an apron. The cobler apron'd, and the parson gown'd. ope. 4'PSIS. n. s. apsides, plural, [44:...] In astronomy, is applied to two points in the orbits of planets, in which they are at the greatest and the least distance from the sun or earth. The higher apsis is moreparticularly denominated aphelion, or apogee ; the lower, perihelion, or perigee. Chambers. If bodies revolve in orbits that are pretty near circles, and the apsider of those orbits be fixed;

then the centripetal forces of those bodies will be reciprocally as the squares of the distances.

- Cheyns. APT. adj. [aptus, Lat.] I. Fit. This so eminent industry in making proselytes, more of that sex than of the other, groweth ; for that they are deemed apter to serve as instruments in the cause. Apfer they are through the eagerness of their affection; apter through a natural inclination unto piety; apter through sundry, opportunities, to c. Finally, apter through a singular delight which they take in giving very large and particular intelligence how all near about them standaffected as concerning the same cause. Hooker. 2. Having a tendency to ; liable to. Things natural, as long as they keep those forms which give them their being, cannot possibly be apt or inclinable to do otherwise than they do. Hooker. My vines and peaches on my best south walls were apt to have a soot or smuttiness upon their leaves and fruits. Temple. 3. Inclined to ; led to ; disposed to. You may make her you love, believe it; which I warrant she is apter to do, than confess she does. Shakspeare'. As you like it. Men are apt to think well of themselves, and of their nation, of their courage and *; emple. One who has not these lights, is a stranger to what he reads, and apt to put a wrong interpretation upon it. Addison. Even those who are near the court are apt to deduct wrong consequences, by reasoning upon the motives of actions. Swift. What we have always seen to be done in one manner, we are apt to imagine there was but that one way to do. Bentley. 4. Ready ; quick: as, an apt wit. I have a heart as little apt as yours, But yet a brain that leads my use of anger To better vantage. Shakspeare, 5. Qolī; for. hese brothers had awhile served the king in war, whereunto they were only apt. Sidney. All that were strong and api for war, even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon. 2 Kings. To APT. v. a. [aft, Lat.] 1. To suit; to adapt. We need a man that knows the several graces Of histcry, and how to apt their places; who, where splendour, and where leight, Where sweetness is required, and where weight.

ta o: In some ponds, apted for it by nature, they become pikes. Walton. 2. To fit; to qualify; to dispose; to prepare. The king is melancholy, Afted for any ill impressions. Denham', Sophy. To A/PTAT E. v. a. Lopiatum, Lat.] To Imake fit. To optate a planet, is to strengthen the planet in position of house and dignities to the greatest advantage, in order to bring about the desired end. Josily. A'ptitud E. n. 4. [French.] 1. Fitness. This evinces its perfect optitude and fitness for the end to ... was aimed, the planting and nourishing all trus virtue among men. - 49eray of Piety, 2. Tendency,

In an abortion, the mother, besides the frustration of her hopes, acquires an aptitude to miscarry for the future. eity of Piety. 3. Disposition. He that is about children, should study their nature and aptitudes, what turns they easily take,

and what becomes them; what their native stock,

is, and what it is fit for. Zacte. A’pi LY. dow. [from ap..] 1. Properly ; with just connexion, or correspondence; fitly. That part Was aptly fitted, and naturally perform'd. Soak. But what the mass nutritious does divide? What makes them optly to the limbs adhere, In youth increase them, and in age repair - 'lacárrore." 2. Justly ; pertinently. Irenaeus very aptly remarks, that those nations who were not possest of the gospels, had the same accounts of our Saviour, which are in the evangelists. Addison. 3. Readily ; acutely; as, he learned his business very aptly. A/PTN Ess. n. 4. [from apt.] 1. Fitness; suitableness. The nature of every law must be judged ofby the aptness of things therein prescribed, unto the same end. ooker. There are antecedent and independent aptmetres in things; with respect to which, they are fit to be commanded or forbidden. Norris's Mir. 2. Disposition to anything : of persons. . The nobles receive so to heart the banishment of that worthy Coriolanus, that they are in a right aptness to take all power from the people. - Shakspeare. 3. Quickness of apprehension ; readiness to learn. What should be the aptners of birds, in comparison of beasts, to imitate speech, may be enquired. --woo. 4. Tendency: of things. Some seeds of goodness give him a relish of such reflections, as have an aptners to improve the mind. Addison. AP’rote: , n. . s. [of a and aloz.) A noun which is not declined with cases. 4’QUA. m. s. (Latin.] Water: a word much used in chymical writings. 4QUA FORTIS. [. A corrosive liquor made by distilling purified nitre with calcined vitriol, or rectified oil of witriol, in a strong heat: the liquor, which rises in fumes red as blood, being collected, is the spirit of nitre, or aqua fortus; which serves as a menstruum for dissolving of silver, and all other metals, except gold. But if sea salt, or salammoniack, be added to aqua forts, it commences aqua regia, and will then dissolve no metal but gold. Chambers. The dissolving of silver in aqua frtis, and gold in aqua regia, and not vice versa, would not be difficult to know. Ilocke. 4QUA MARINA, of the Italian lapidaries, is of a sea or bluish green. This stone seems to me to be the beryllus of Pliny. - Woodward. As!/A MIRABILIS. [Latin.] The wonderful water, is prepared of cloves, galangals, cubebs, mace, cardamomums, nutmegs, ginger, and spirit of wine,

digested twenty-four hours, then dis tilled. AQUA REGIA, or AQUA REGALIS, [Latin.] An acid water, so called be: cause it dissolves gold, the king of metals. Its essential ingredient is common sea salt, the only salt which will operate on gold. It is prepared by mixing common sea salt, or sal ammoniack, or the spirit of them, with spirit of nitre, or common aqua fortis. Chambers. He adds to his complex idea of gold, that of fixedness or solubility in aqua regia. Locke. A&UA PTT.I.. [Latin.) It is commonly understood of what is otherwise called brandy, or spirit of wine, either simple or prepared with aromaticks. But some appropriate the term brandy to what is procured from wine, or the grape; aqua vita', to that drawn after the same manner from malt. Chambers. I will rather trust a Fleming with my butter, an Irishman with my aqua vior bottle, or a thief to walk with my ambling gelding, than my wife with herself. Shalipcart. Aqua'rick. adj. [aquaticus, Lat. from aqua, water.] 1. That inhabits the water. The vast variety of worms found in animals, as well terrestrial as aquatick, are taken into their bodies by meats and drinks. Ray on the Creation. Brutes may be considered as either aerial,terrestrial, aquàtick, or amphibious. Aqcatiok are those whose constant abode is upon the water, orf2. That grows in the water: applied to plants. Flags, and such like aquaticks, are best destroyed by draining. Mortimer's Husbandry. A'QUAtil E. als. [aquatilis, Lat.] That inhabits the water. We behold many millions of the artile of water frog in ditches and standing plashes. Brown's Pulgar Erreur. A'QUEduct. m. s. [aquardactus, Lat.] A conveyance made for carrying water from one place to another; made on uneven ground, to preserve the level of the water, and convey it by a canal. Some agozducts are under ground, and others above it, supported by arches. Among the remains of old Rome, the grandeur of the commonwealth shows itself chiefly in temples, highways, aqueducts, walls, and bridges of the city. Addison. ither the rills of water are convey'd In curious aqueducts, by nature laid To carry all the humour. Blackmore.

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The vehementsirerequisite toitsfusion, forced
away all the aqueous and fugitive moisture. Ray.

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A'QUILIN E. adj. [aquilinus, Lat. from

aquila, an eagle.] Resembling an eagle;
when applied to the nose, hooked.
His nose was aquiline, his eyes were blue,
Ruddy his lips, and fresh and fair his hue. Dryd.
Gryps signifies some kind of eagle or vulture;
from whence the epithet grypus for an hooked or
aquiline nose. - Brown,

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