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more on the guilt of the suffering person, than of the assassin. Addison. Orestes brandish'd the revenging sword, Slew the dire pair, and gave to fun'ral flame The vile assassin, and adult'rous dame. Pope. Useful, we grant, it serves what life requires, But, dreadful too, the dark assassin hires. Pope. Assa’ss IN AT E. n.s.. [from assassin.] The crime of an assassin; murder. Were not all assassinate, and popular insurrections wrongfully chastised, if the meanness of the offenders indemnified them from punishment? Pope. To Ass A'ss IN At E. v. a. [from assassin.] 1. To murder by violence. Help, neighbours, my house is broken open by force, and I am ravished, and like to be afrastinated. o Dryden. What could provoke thy madness To assassinate so great, so brave a man? Philipr. 2. To waylay ; to take by treachery. This meaning is perhaps peculiar to Milton. Such usage as your honourable lords Afford me, assassinated and betray'd, Who durst not, with your whole united pow'rs, In fight withstand one single and unarm'd. Milt. Assassin A'tion. n.s. from assassinate.] The act of assassinating; murder by violence. It were done quickly, if th' assassination Could trammel up the consequence. Shakspeare. The duke finish'd his course by a wicked atJaisination. Clarendan. Assassi NA’To R. m. s. [from assassinate.] Murderer; mankiller; the person that kills another by violence. Assa’rio N. m. s. [assatus, roasted, Lat.] Roasting. The egg expiring less in the elixation or boiling; whereas, in the assation or roasting, it will sometimes abate a drachm. Brown. ASSA’ULT. m. s. Lassault, French.] x. Attack; hostile onset; opposed to deJenre. Her spirit had been invincible against all assault of affection. Shakspeare. Not to be shook thyself, but all assault; Baffling, like thy hoar cliffs the loud sea wave. o-Oro2. Storm: opposed to sap or siege. Jason took at least a thousand men, and suddenly made an assault upon the city. , 2 Macc. After some days siege, he resolved to try the fortune of an ausault: he succeeded therein so far, that he had taken the Principal tower and fort. Bacon. 3. Hostile violence. - Themselves at discord fell, And cruel combat join'd in middle space, With horrible assault and fury fell. Fairy Queen. 4. Invasion; hostility; attack. After some unhappy assault; upon the prerogative by the parliament, which produced its dissolution, there followed a composure. Clarend. Theories, built upon narrow foundations, are very hard to be supported against the assaulis of opposition. - Locke. 5. In law. A violent kind of injury offered to a man's person. It may be committed by offering of a blow, or by a fearul speech. Cowels. 6. It has upon before the thing assaulted. To Assa’u LT. v. a. [from the noun.] To o, attack; to invade; to fall upon with violence. - - -

The ki ted the Jews to gather them. selves o: er, and to stand for their life, to destroy all the power that would assault . - rther. Before the gates the cries of babes new-born, Whom fate had from their tender mothers torn, Assault his ears. Dryden. New cursed steel, and more accursed gold, or. ones birth, and made that mischief

Divl And double death did wretched man invade, By steel assaulted, and by gold betray'd. Dryd. Ass A'u LT ER. m. s. Usrom assault..] One who violently assaults another. Neither liking their eloquence, nor fearing their might, we esteemed few swords, in a just defence, able to resist many unjust assaulters. Sidney. ASSAY. n. 4. [essaye, Fr. from which the ancient writers borrowed assay, according to the sound, and the latter essay, according to the writing; but the senses now differing, they may be considered as two words.] . Examination ; trial. This cannot be By no array of reason. "T is a pageant, To keep us in false gaze. Shakspears, . In law. The ex unination of measures and weights used by the clerk of the market. - Cowell. . The first entrance upon anything; a taste for trial. For well he weened, that so glorious bait Would tempt his guest to take thereof assay. Fairy Queen. 4. Trial by danger or distress; difficulty; hardship. She heard with patience all unto the end, And strove to master sorrowful assay. Fairy The men he prest but late, To hard assays unfit, unsure at need, Yet arm'd to point in well attempted plate.

Fairfax. Be sure to find What I foretel thee, many a hard array Of dangers, and adversities, and pains, Ere thou of Israel's sceptre get fast hold. Milt. To Assa’Y. v. a. [essayer, Fr.] 1. To make trial of; to make experiment of. One that to bounty never cast his mind, Ne thought of honour ever did assay His baser breast. Spensor: Gray and Bryan obtained leave of the general a little to assay them; and so with some horsemen charged them home. Havocard. What unweighed behaviourhath this drunkard Ticked out of my conversation, that he dares in this manner assay me? Bałpeare. 2. To apply to, as the touchstone in assaying metals. Whom thus afflicted when sad Eve beheld, Desolate where she sat, approaching nigh, Soft wordstohis fierce passion she assage. Molt. 3 To try; to endeavour. David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assaye7 to go, for he had not proved it. I Saw. Ass A'yer. n.s. from assay..] An officer of the mint, for the due trial of silver, appointed between the master of the mint, and the merchants that bring silver thither for exchange. Cowell. The smelters come up to the arrayers within one in twenty. * Woodward on Razziii.

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Assect A'tion. n. 4. [assertatio, Lat.] Attendance, or waiting upon. Diet. Assecution. n.s.. [from assequor, assecutum, to obtain..] Acquirement; the act of obtaining. . By the canon law, a person, after he has been in full possession of a second benefice, cannot return again to his first; because it is immediatel void by his a recution of a second. A . Asse'ss B la Ge. n. * [assemblage, F: 1. A collection; a number of individuals brought together. It differs from assembly, by being applied only, or chiefly, to things; assembly being used only, or generally, of persons. All that we amass together in our thoughts is positive, and the assemblage of a great number of positive ideas of space or duration. oche. 2. The state of being assembled. O Hartford, fitted or to shine in courts With unaffected grace, or walk the plains With innocence and meditation join'd In soft arremblage, listen to my soug! Thomson. To ASSE’MBLE. v. a. [assembler, Fr.] To bring together into one place. It is used both of persons and things. . And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gatner together the dispersed of Judah. Izaiah. He wonders for what end you have assembled Such troops of citizens to come to him. Shalop. To Asse’s ble. v. n. To meet together. These men assembled, and found Daniel praying. Daniel. Asse’mbly. m. s. sassemblée, Fr.] A company met together They had heard, by fame, Of this so noble and so fair attemoly, This night to meet here. Sluispeare. Asse's T. n. 4. [assensus, Lat.] 1. The act of agreeing to any thing. Without the king's assent or knowledge, You wrought to be a legate. Shakup. Henry viii. Faith is the arrent to any proposition, not thus made out by the deduction of reason, but upon the credit of the proposer. Locke. All the arguments on both sides must be laid in balance, and, upon the whole, the understanding determine its as tent. Locke. 4. Consen. ; agreement. To urge anything upon the church, requiring thereunto that religious arrent of christian belief, wherewith the words of the holy prophets are received, and not to shew it in scripture ; this id the Fathers evernlore think unlawful, imPious, and execrable. Hooker. The evidence of God's own tertimony, added unto the natural assent of reason concerning the certainty of them, doth not a little comfort and confirm the same. Hooker. To ASSENT. v. n. [assentire, Lat.] To concede; to yield to, or agree to. And the Jews also assented, saying, that these things were so. Act. Asses r A't to N. m. s. [assentatio, Lat.] Compliance with the opinion of another out of fiattery or dissimulation. , Dict. Asse's TMENT. n... [from assent.] Consent. Their arguments are but precarious, and ubsist up of the charity of our assentments. - Brown. Th ASSE/RT. v. a. [arrero, Lat.] 1. To maintain; to defend either by words or actions.

Your forefathershave asserted, the party which they chose till death, and died for its defence.

2. To affirm ; to declare positively.

3. To claim ; to vindicate a title to. Nor can the groveling mind, In the dark dungeon of the limbs confin'd, Auert the native skies, or own its heav'nly kind. Dryden. Asse’RT to N. n.s.. [from assert.] 1. The act of asserting. 2. Position advanced. , If any affirm the earth doth move, and will not believe with us it standeth still, because he hath probable reasonsfor it, and I no infallible sense or reason against it, I will not quarrel with his assertion. Brown's Pulgar Errours. Asse'RT 1 v E. adj. [from assert.] Positive; dogmatical ; peremptory. He was not so fond of the principles he undertook to illustrate, as to boast their certainty; roposing them not in a confident and assertive orm, but as probabilities and hypotheses. Glanville. Asse'R to R. n. 3. [from assert.] Maintainer; vindicator; supporter: affirmer. Among th'assertors of free reason's claim, Our nation's not the least inworth or fame. Dryd. Faithful assertor of thy country's cause, Britain with tears shallbäthe thyglorious wound. Prior.

It is an usual piece of art to undermine the au

thority of fundamental truths, by pretending to shew #: wcak the proofs are, which their asseriors employ in defence of them. Alteriory. To Asso's v E. v. a. Lasservio, Lat.] To serve, he'p, or second. Dict. To ASSESS. v. a...[from co-stare, Ital. to make an equilibrium, or balance.] To charge with any certain som. Before the receipt ofthem in this office, they were assessed by the a:iidavit from the time of the inquisition found. Bacon. Ass E.'ss los. n. 4. [assessio, Ilat.] A sitting down by one, to give assistance or advice. Dict. Ass MEN t. n. . [from arrors.] 1. The sum levied on certain property. 2. The act of assessing. What greater immunity and happiness can there be to a people, than to be liable to no laws, but what they make themselves? To be subject to no contribation, casessment, or any pecuniary levy whatsoever, but what they vote, and voluntarily yield unto themselves 2 Howel. Asso'sso k.m. s. [assessor, Lat.] 1. The person that sits by ancther: generally used of those who assist the judge. Minos, the strict induisitor, appears; And lives and crimes, with his asses tors, hears: Round in his urn the blended bails he rowls, Absolves the just, and dooms the guilty souls. Dryden. 2. He that sits by another, as next in dignity. To his Son, Th’ arressor of his throne, he thus began. Milt. Twice stronger than his sire, who sat above, Astessor to the throne of thund'ring Jove. Dryo. 3. He that iays taxes: derived from assess. A’ss Ets n.s. without the singular. [assez, Fr.] Goods oufficient to discharge that burden, which is cast upon the executor or heir, in Satisfying the testator's or an

cestor’s debts or legacies. Whoever pleads assets, sayeth nothing; but that the person, against whom he pleads, hath enough come to his hands, to discharge what is in demand, Cowell. To ASSE/WER. v. a. [assevero, Lat.] To Asse’v ERAT e. 5 To affirm with great solemnity, as upon oath. Ass Eve RA’r to N. n.s.[from asseverate.] Solemn affirmation, as upon oath. That which you are persuaded of, ye have it no otherwise than by your own only probable collection; and therefore such bold assoverations, as in him were admirable, should, in your mouths, but argue rashness. Hooker. Another abuse of the tongue I might add; vehement asseverations upon slight and trivial occasions. , - A'ay on the Creation. The repetition gives a greater emphasis to the words, and agrees better with the vehemence of the speaker in making his as severation. Broome. A'ss H E A D. m. s. [from ass and head..] One slow of apprehension ; a blockhead. Will you help an ass-head, and a coxcomb, and a knave, a thin-faced knave, a gulio Shoko. Assi D'U'i T Y. n.s.. [assiduite, Fr. assiduitas, Lat.] Diligence; closeness of application. I have, with much pains and avoideity, qualified myself for a nomenclator. Aldi, son. Can he, who has undertaken this, want conviction of the necessity of his utmost vigour and

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ASSITUOUS. adj. [assiduits, Latin.] Constant in application. And if by pray’r Incessant I could hope *... the will Of him who all things can, I would not cease . To weary him with my assiduous cries. Milton. The most assiduous talebearers, and bitterest revilers, are often half-witted people. Government of the Tongue: In summer, you see the hen giving herself greater freedoms, and quitting her care for above two hours togethcr; but in winter, when the rigour of the season would chill the principles of life, and destroy the young one, she grows more assiduous in her attendance, and stays away but

half the time. 21ddison. Each still renews her little labour, Nor justies her assiduous neighbour. Prior.

Ass I’d U ous LY., adv. [from assiduous.] Diligently ; continually, The trade that obliges artificers to be arriocussy conversant with their materials, is that of glass-men. Boyle. The habitable earth may have been perpetually the drier, seeing it is assiduously drained and exhausted by the seas. Bentley. To Assi'e G E. v. a. [assieger, Fr.] To besiege. Obsolete. On th’ other side th'assieged castles ward Their stedfast arms did mightily maintain. Spen. ASSIL’NTO. m. s. In Spanish, a contractor bargain.] A contract or convention between the king of Spain and other powcrs, for furnishing the Spanish dominions in America with negro slaves. Dict. To ASSI'GN. v. a. [assigner, Fr. assigno, Lat.] 1. To mark out ; to appoint. He assigned Uriah unto a place where he knew that valiant men were. 2 Sam. The two armies were assigned to the leading of

two generals, both of them rather courtiers assured to the state, than martial men. Bacon, . . . . . . . Both joining, As join'd in injuries, one enmity Against a foe by doom express assign'd us, That cruel serpent. Milton, True quality is neglected, virtue is oppressed, and vice triumphant, The last day will assign to every one a station suitable to his character. Addison. 2. To fix with regard to quantity or value, T here is no such intrinsick, natural, settled va. lue in anything, as to make any assigned quantity of it constantly worth any assigned quantity of another. Lock. 3. [In law.] In general, to appoint a deputy, or make over a right to another; in particular, to appoint or set forth, as to assign error, is to shew in what part of the process error is committed; to assign false judgment, is to declare how and where the judgment is unjust; to assign the cessor, is to shew how the plaintiff had cessed, or given over; to assign waste, is to shew wherein especially the waste is committed. Cowell. Assi'G's ABLE, adj. [from assign.] That may be marked out, or fixed. Aristotle held that it streamed by connatural result and emanation from God; so that there was no instant assignable of God’s eternal existence, in which the world did not also “. - South. Assi GNA’r ion. n.s.[assignation, French.) 1. An appointment to meet: used generally of love appointments. The lovers expected the return of this stated hour with as much impatience as if it had been

a real assignation. Spectator. Or when a whore in her vocation Keeps punctual to an assignation. Soft.

2. A making over a thing to another. Ass I GN E E'. n. ... [assigné, Fr.] He that is appointed or deputed by another to do any act, or perform any business, or enjoy any commodity. And an assignee may be either in deed or in law : assignee in deed, is he that is appointed by a person; assignee in law, is he whom the law maketh so, without any appointment of the person. Cowco.

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Birds assimilate less, and excern more, than beasts; for their excrements are ever liquid, and their flesh generally more dry. Bacon. Birds becommonly better meat than beasts, because their flesh doth assimilate more finely, and secerneth more subtely. Bacon's Nat. Hist. To Ass!'Mi L At E. v. a. 1. To bring to a likeness, or resemblance: • A ferine and necessitous kind of life would easily assimilate at least the next generation to barbarism and ferineness. ale. They are not over-patient of mixture; but such o they cannot assimilate, soon find it their interest to remove. - Swift. 2. To turn to its own mature by digestion. Tasting concoct, digest, assimilate, And corporeal to incorporeal turn. Milton. Hence also animals and vegetables may assimilate their nourishment; moist, nourishment easily changing its texture, till it becomes like the dense earth. Newton. Assi'Mi LATE Ness. n.s. (from assimilate.] Likeness. Dict. Ass IMI LA’rios. m. s. [from assimilate.] 1. The act of converting any thing to the nature-or substance of another. It furthers the very act of assimilation of nourishment, by some outward emollionts that make the parts more apt to assimilate. Bac. Nat. Hist.

2. The state of being assimilated, or be

coming like something else. . A nourishment in a large acceptation, but not in propriety, conserving the body, not repairing it by assimilation, but preserving it by ventilation. rown's Pulgar Errours. It is as well the instinct as duty of our nature, to aspire to an assimilation with God; even the most laudable and generous ambition. Decay of Piety. To Assi’Mu L.A.T. E. v. a. sassimulo, Lat. To feign ; to counterfeit. . Dict. Assi Mula’rio N. m. ... [assimulatio, Lat.] A dissembling; a counterfeiting. Dict. To ASSI'ST. ... a. Lassister, Fr. assisto, Lat.] To help. Receive her in the Lord as becometh saints, and assist her in whatsoever business she hath need. Romans. It is necessary and assisting to all our other intellectual factities. Locke. Acquaintance with method will assist, one in ranging human aifairs. Watts' Logick. She no sooner yielded to adultery, but she agreed to assist in the murder of her husband. Broome on the Qily, soy. Assi'stance. n. . [assistance, French.] Help ; furtherance. The council of Trent commends recourse, not only to the prayers of the saints, but to their aid and assistance: What deth this aid and assistance signify Stiffioet. You have abundant arristarter for this knowledge, in excellent books. Wake's Prep for Death. Let us entreat this necessary assistance, that by his grace he would lead us. Rogers. Assi's fast. adj. Ltrom assist.] Helping; lending aid. Some perchance did adhere to the duke, and were assistant to him openly, or at least under Hale's Common Law of England. . For the performance of this work, a vital or directive principle seemeth to be assistant to the corporeal. Grew. Assi's r ANT. n.s.. [from assist.] 1. A person engaged in an affair, not as Principal, but as auxiliary or ministerial.

Some young towardly noblemen or gentlemen were usually sent as assistants or attendants, according to the quality of the persons. Bacon2. Sometimes it is perhaps only a softer word for an attendant. The pale assistants on each other star'd, With gaping mouths for issuing words prepar'd. Dryden. ASSI'ZE. n. 4. [assise, a sitting, Fr.] 1. An assembly of knights and other substantial men, with the bailiff or justice, in a certain place, and at a certain time. 2. A jury. 3. An ordinance or statute. 4. The court, place, or time, where and when the writs and processes of assize are taken. - Cowell. The law was never executed by any justices of assize, but the people left to their own laws. Davies on Ireland. At each arsize and term we try A thousand rascals of as deep a dye. 5- *} court of justice. The judging God shall close the book of fate, And there the last assize, keep, For those who wake, and those who sleep. Dryá. 6. Assize of bread, ale, &c. Measure of price or rate. Thus it is said, when wheat is of such a price, the bread shall be of such assize. 7. Measure; for which we now use size. On high hill's top I saw a stately frame An hundred cubits high by just assize, With hundred pillars. Spenter. To Assi’z E. v. a. [from the noun...] To fix the rate of any thing by an assize or writ. Assi’z ER or Assi’s ER. m.s.. [from assize.] An officer that has the care and oversight of weights and measures.Chambers. Asso'cs A B i.e. adj. [associabilis, Lat.] That may be joined to another. To ASSOCIATE. v. a. Lassocier, Fr.] associo, Lat.] I. To unite with another as a confederate. A fearful army led by Caius Marcius, Associated with Aufidius, rages Upon our territories. Słal peare. 2. To adopt as a friend upon equal terms. Associate in your town a wand'ring train, And strangers in your palace entertain. Dryden. 3. To accompany; to keep company with another. Friends should associatefriends in grief and woe. - Shakspeare.


4. To unite ; to join. -
Some oleaginous particles unperceivedly asso-
cited themselves to it. Boyle.

5. It has generally the particle with ; as,

he associated with his master's enemies. To Asso'cs A or E. v. n. To unite himself; to join himself. Asso’c At E. adj. [from the verb.] Confederate; joined in interest or purpose. While I descend through darkness To my associate powers, them to acquaint With these successes. Milton. Asso’c 1A r E. n.s.. [from the verb.] 1. A person joined with another; a partner. They persuade the king, now in old age, to make Plangus his associate in government with him. Sidney.

2. A confederate, in a good or neutral sense ; an accomplice in ill. Their defender, and his associater, have sithence roposed to the world a form such as themselves #. Hooker. 3. A companion : implying some kind of equality. He was accompanied with a noble gentleman, no unsuitable associate. PWottom. Sole Eve, associate sole, to me, beyond Compare, above all living creatures dear. Mih. But my associates now my stay deplore, Impatient. Pope's Odyssey. Association. n. . [from associate.] 1. Union ; conjunction; society. The church being a society, hath the self-same Soriginal grounds, which other politick societies ve; the natural inclination which all men have unto sociable life, and consent to some <ertain bond of association ; which bond is the low that appointeth what kind of order they should be associated in. Hooker. *-Confederacy; union for particular purposes, good or ill. This could not be done but with mighty-onposition; against which to strengthen themselves, they secretly entered into a league of association. Iłooker. 3. Partnership. Self-denial is a kind of holy association with God; and, by making you his partner, interests you in all his happiness. Joyle. 4. Connection. * 4’sociation of ideas is of great importance, and may be of excellent use. Watts. 5. Apposition ; union of matter. Th; changes of corporeal things are to be Placed only in the various separations, and new *:::tions and motions, of these permanent particles. Newton. Assos AN ce. n.s.. [asonance, Fr. J. Reference of one sound to another resembling it; resemblance of sound. Dict.

A'ssos ANT. adj. sassonant, Fr.] Sounding in a manner resembling another sound. - Dict. To Asso'RT. v. a. sassortir, Fr.] To range in classes, as one thing suits with another. Asoo’s FMENT. n. . [from assort.] 1. The act of classing or ranging. 2. A mass or quantity properly selected and ranged. To Assoor. v. a. [from got ; a rooter, Fr.] To infatuate ; to besot. Out of use. But too they sprung, or how they were exot Uneath isioassure, uneath to weene That monstrous errour which doth some also. - Spenter. To ASSUA'GE. v. a. [The derivation of this word is uncertain : Minoes, deduces it from adsuadere, assagiare ; junius, from Jrpaer, sweet; from whence Stinner imagines ărpaeran might have been formed.] 1. To mitigate; to soften ; to allay. Refreshing winds the summer's heats 4truage, And kindly warmth disarms the winter's ra. Addison. a. To appease; to pacify. Yetis his hate, hisiancour, ne'er the less,

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The state of being accustomed to any
oi, and left, as parts inservient unto the

motive faculty, are differenced by degrees from use and aroufaction, or according whereto the one grows stronger. Brown's Pulgar Erreurs. Assub"rude. n.s. [assuetudo, Lat.] Accustomance ; custom ; habit. We see that assuetude of things hurtful, doth make them lose the force to hurt. Bacon. To ASSU'ME v.a. [assumo, Lat.] 1. To take. This when the various god had urg'd in vain, He strait assum'd his native form again. Post, 2. To take upon one's self. With ravish'd ears The monarch hears, .dgumes the God, Affects to nod, And seems to shake the spheres. Dryden. 3. To arrogate; to claim or seize unjusly. 4. To suppose something granted without proof. * In every hypothesis, something is allowed to be assumed. Boyle, 5. To apply to one's own use; to appropriate. His majesty might well assume the complaint and expression of king David. Clarenden, To Assu’M F. v. n. To be arrogant; to claim more than is due. Assu'MER. m. s. [from a fume.] An arFogant man ; a man who claims more than his due, . Can any man be wise in any course, in which he is not safe too? But can these high assumers, and Pretenderstoreason,prove themselves so? Soo. Assu'M IN G. participial ad;. Ifrom . wool Arrogant , haughty. His hau hty looks, and his aroming air, **on of Isis could no longer bear.” Doyon. This makes him over-forward in business, al*ing in conversation, and Perein ptory in any swers, Collier,

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