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ASSU’MPSIT. n.s.. [assumo, Lat.] A voluntary promise made by word, whereby a man taketh upon him to perform or pay any thing to another: it contains any verbal promise made upon consideration. Cowell. Assu’M PT Ion. m. s. [assumptio, Lat.) 1. The act of taking any thing to one’s self. The personal descent of God himself, and his †. of our flesh to his divinity, more familiarly to insinuate his pleasure to us, was an enforcement beyond all methods of wisdom. Hammond's Fundamentals. 2. The supposition, or act of supposing, of any thing without further proof. These by way of assumption, under the two general propositions, aré intrinsically and naturally good or bad. orris. 3. The thing supposed ; a postulate. Hold, says the Stoick, your assumption's wrong: I grant, true freedom you have well defin'd. Dryden. For the assumption, that Christ did such miraculous and supernatural works to confirm what he said, we need only repeat the message, sent by him to John the 3. South. 4.The taking up any person into heaven, which is supposed by the Romish church of the blessed Wirgin. Upon the feast of the assumption of the Blessed Virgin, the pope and cardinass keep the vespers. Stillingfleet: Adam, after a certain period of years, would have been rewarded with an assumption to eternal felicity, - Wake. Assu's prive. adj. [assumptivus, Lat.] That is assumed. Assu'r Ance. n. . [assurance, Fr.] 1. Certain expectation. Though hope be indeed, a lower and lesser thing than assurance, yet, as to all the purposes of a pious life, it may prove more useful. South. Whatencouragement can be given to goodness, beyond the hopes of heaven, and the assurance of an endless felicity? Tillotson. 2. Secure confidence ; trust. What man is he that boasts offleshly might, And vain assurance of mortality, , Which all so soon as it doth come to fight Against spiritual foes, yields by and by. Fairy Q. 3. Freedom from doubt; certain knowledge. Proof from the authority of man's judgment, is not able to work o,” W *} o row by a stronger proof. courtr. g y g * is far off, And rather like a dream, than an assurance That my remembrance warrants, Shakspeare. The obedient, and the man of practice, shall cutgrow all their doubts and ignorances, till persuasion pass into knowledge, and knowledge advance into assurance. South. Hath he found, in an evil course, that comable assurance of God's favour, and good hopes of his future condition, which a religious life would have given him Tillotson. 4. Firmness; undoubting steadiness. Men whose consideration will relieve our modesty, and give us courage and assurance in the duties of our profession. Rogers.

5. Confidence; want of modesty; exemption from awe or fear. My behaviour, ill governed, gave you the first

comfort; my affection, ill hid, hath given you this last assurance. Sidney. 6. Freedom from vitious shame. Conversation, when they come into the world, will add to their knowledge and assurance. Locie. 7. Ground of confidence; security; sufficient reason for trust or belief. The nature of desire itself is no easier to receive belief, than it is hard to ground belief; for as desire is glad to embrace the first shew of comfort, so is desire desirous of perfect assurance.

- Sidney. As the conquest was but slight and aro, so the pope's donation to the Irish submissions were but weak and fickle assurancer. Davier. None of woman born Shall harm Macbeth.—Then live; Macduff, what need I fear of thee? But yet I'll make assurance double sure, And take a bond of fate: thou shalt not live. Shakspeare. I must confess your offer is the best: And, let your father make her the assurance, She is your own, else you must pardon me; If you should die before him, where's her dower 2 Shakspeare. An assurance being passed through for a competent fine, hath come back again by reason of some oversight. wo8. Spirit; intrepidity. hey, like resolute men, stood in the face of the breach with more assurance than the wall itself. Anoller. With all th'assurance innocence can bring, Fearless without, because secure within; Arm'd with my courage, unconcern'd I see This pomp, a shame to you, a pride to me. Dryd. 9. Sanguineness; readiness to hope. This is not the grace of hope, but a good natural assurance or confidence, which Aristotle observes young men to be full of, and old men not so ić. to. Hammond. Io. Testimony of credit. I am a gentleman of blood and breeding, And from some knowledge and assurance of you, Offer this office. Shakspeare's King Lear. We have as great assurance that there is a God, as we could expect to have, supposing that he werc. Tillotron. fi. Conviction. Such an assurance of things as will make men careful to avoid a lesser danger, ought to awaken men to avoid a greater. illotrom. 12.. [In theology.] Security with respect to a future state ; certainty of acceptance with God. 13. The same with insurance. To Assu’R E. v. a. [assurer, Fr. from assecurare, low Latin. 1.To give confidence by a firm promise. So when he had assured them with many words that he would restore them without hurt, according to the agreement, they let him go for the saving of their brethren. 2 Maccabees. 2. To secure to another; to make firm. So irresistible an authority cannot be reflected on, without the most awful reverence, even by thcse whose piety assures its favour to them. Fogers. 3. To make confident: to cxempt from doubt or fear; to confer security. And hereby we know,that we are of the truth, and shall assure our healts before him. 1 john. I revive At this last sight; assur'd that man shall live With all the creatures, and their seed preserve. 2Milton.

4. To make secure : with of But what on earth can long abide in state? Or who can him asture of happy day Spenser. And, for that dow'ry, I'll assure her of Her widowhood, be it that she survives me, In all my lands and leases whatsoever. Shakop. 5. To affiance; to betroth. This diviner laid claim to me, called me Dromio, swore I was assured to her. Shakspeare. Assu’RE d. participial adj. [from assure.] 1. Certain ; indubitable ; not doubted. It is an assured experience, that flint laid about the bottom of a tree makes it prosper. Bacon. 2. Certain ; not doubting. Young princes, close your hands, —And your lips too; for I am well assured That I did so, wo I was first assur’d. Shu&sp. As when by night the glass Of Galilaco less as tur'd observes Imagin'd lands and regions in the moon. Milton. 3. Immodest; vitiously confident. Assu’R Ed LY. adv. [from assured.] Certainly; indubitably. They promis'd me eternal happiness, And brought me garlands, Griffith, which I feel I am not worthy yet to wear: I shall assuredly. Shakspeare. God is absolutely good, and so, assuredly, the cause of all that is good; but of any thing that is evil he is no cause at all. Raleigh. Assuredly he will stop our liberty, till we restore him his worship. outh. Assu’R E. D.N Ess. n.s.. [from assured.] The state of being assured ; certainty. Assu’RER. n.s.. [from assure.] .

1. He that gives assurance. 2. He that gives security to make good any loss.

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in printing or writing, in form of a

little star; as *. He also published the translation of the Sentuagint by itself, having first compared it with the Hebrew, and noted by asterisis what was defective, and by obelisks what was redundant. Grew. A's TER Is M. m. s. [asterismus, Lat.] 1. A constellation. Poetry had filled the skies with atterisms, and histories belonging to them; and then astrology devises the feigned virtues and influences of each. Bentley's Sermons. 2. An asterisk, or mark. This is a very improper use. Dwellparticularly on i. ssages with an arterism", for the observations which follow such a note, will give you a clear light. Dryden's Dufresnoy. Ast E(R.N. adv. Lírom a and stern.] In the hinder part of the ship; behind the

ship. #. galley gives her side, and turns her prow, While those astern, descending down the steep, Thro' gaping waves behold the boiling deep. Dryden. To Ast E'Rt. v. a. [a word used by Spenser, as it seems, for start, or startle.] To terrify; to startle ; to fright. We deem of death, as doom of ill desert; But knew we fools what it us brings until, Die would we daily, once it to expert; No danger there the shepherd can astert. Spent. A's T H M A. m. s. [373*...] A frequent, difficult, and short respiration, joined with a bissing sound and a cough, espe

cially in the night-time, and when the body is in a prone posture; because then the contents of the lower belly bear so against the diaphragm, as to lessen the capacity of the breast, whereby the lungs have less room to move. §uincy, An asthma is the inflation of the membranes of the longs, and of the membranes covering the muscles of the thorax. Floyer on the Humouri. Ast HMA'Tic Al. adj. [from asthma.] Ast HM A^T ick. Troubled with an asthma. In asthmatical persons, though the lungsbe very much jo, tough phlegm, yet the patient may hive some months, if not some years. - Boyle, After drinking, our horses are almost *: tick; and, for avoiding the watering of them, we wet their hay. Floyer. Asto'N IED. part. adj. A word used in the version of the Bible for astonished. Many were astonied at thee. Iraiah. Unmanly dread invades The French astony'd. j. Philipi. To ASTONISH. v. a. [estonner, Fr. from attonitus, Lat.] To confound with some sudden passion, as with fear or wonder; to amaze ; to surprise; to stun. It is the part of men to fear and tremble, When the most mighty gods, by tokens, send Such dreadful heralds to astonish us. Shoopeare. Astonish'd at the voice, he stood armaz'd, And all around with inward horror gaz'd. Addis. A genius universal as his theme, Astonishing as chaos. Thomsen. Asto'N is HING N Ess. n.s.. [from astonisb.] Of a nature to excite astonishment. As ro'Nish MENT. n.s. [ertonnement, Fr.] Amazement; confusion of mind from fear or wonder. We found, with no less wonder to us than astonishment to themselves, that they were the two valiant and famous brothers. Sidney. She esteemed this as much above his wisdom, as a tonishment is beyond bare admiration. South. To Asro'UN D. v.a. [estonner, Fr.] To astonish; to confound with fear or wonder. This word is now somewhat obsolete. These thoughts may startlewell, but notatound he virtuous mind, that ever walks attended By a strong siding champion, conscience. Milt. Ast RA’d l l E. adv. [from a and straddle.] With one’s legs across anything. Dict.

A's TRAG A L. m. s. [droyax3-, the ankle or anklebone..] A little round member in the form of a ring or bracelet, serving as an ornament at the tops and bottoms of columns. Builder’s Dict. We see none of that ordinary confusion, which is the result of quarter rounds of the astragal, . and I know not how many other intermingled particulars. Spectator. A's TRAL. adi, [from astrum, Lat.] Starry; belonging to the stars. Some astral forms I must invoke by pray'r, Fram'd all of purest atoms ef the air; Not in their natures simply good or ill, But most subservient to bad spirits will. Dryden. Ast RA’y, adv. [from a and stray.] Out of the right way. May seem the wain was very evilled, When such an one had guiding of the way,

That knew not whether right he went, or else attray. Spenser. You run astray, for whilst we talk of Ireland, you rip up the original of Scotland. Spenser. Like one that had been led artray Through the heav'ns wide pathless way. Milt. To ASTRICT. v.a. [astringo, Lat.] To contract by applications, in opposition to relax: a word not so much used as constringe. The solid parts were to be relaxed or attricted, as they let the humours pass either in too small or too great quantities. Arbuthnot on Aliments. Astri'Crios. m. s. sastrictio, Lat.] The act or power of contracting the parts of the body by applications. Artriction is in a substance that hath a virtual cold; and it worketh partly by the same means that cold doth. ... on. This virtue requireth an astriction, but such an astriction as is not grateful to the body; for a pleasing astriction doth rather bind in the nerves than expel them; and therefore such astriction is found in things of a harsh taste. acon. Lenitive substances are proper for dry atrabiconstitutions, who are subject to astriction of the belly, and the piles. Arbuthnot on Diet. Ast Ri'ctiv E. adj. [from astrict.] Stiptick ; of a binding quality. Dict. Ast Ri'ctory. adj. [astrictorius, Lat.] Astringent; apt to bind. Dict. Astri'DE. adv.[from a and stride.] With the legs open. o lay their native arms aside, ir modesty, and ride astride. Hudibrar. I saw a place, where the Rhone is so straitened between two rocks, that a man may stand *tride upon both at once. Boyle. Astri'FERous. adj. [astrifer, Lat J Bears ing or having stars. Dict. Astri'Gerous. adj. [astriger, Lat.] Carrying stars. Dict. To ASTRITNGE. v. a. sastringo, Lat.] To press by contraction; to make the parts draw togethcr. Tears are caused by a contraction of the spirits of the brain; which controction, by consequence, astringeth the moisture of the brain, and thereby sendeth tears into the eyes. Bacon. Astri'NGEN cy. n. . [from astringe.] The power of contracting the parts of the body: opposed to the power of retaxation. Astriction prohibiteth dissolution; as, in medicines, astringents inhibit putrefaction; and, by astringency, some small quantity of oil of vitriol will keep fresh water long from putre+yog. - Bacon's Natural IHistory. Acid, acrid, austere, and bitter substances, by their astringency, create horrour, that is, stimulate the fibres. Arbuthnot. Astri'NGEN r. adj. [astringens, Lat.] Binding; contracting: opposed to laxative. It is used sometimes of tastes which seem to contract the mouth. Altringent medicines are binding, which act the asperity of their particles, whereby they corrugate the membranes, and make them draw up closer. Quincy. The myrobalan hath parts of contrary natures, for it is sweet, and yet astringent. Bacon. ejuice is very astringent, and therefore of motion. Bacon. What diminisheth sensible perspiration, en

creaseththeinscasible ; for that reason a strength

ening and astringent diet often conduceth to this purpose. - Arbuthnot on Alix.cntv. A'st Rog RAPHY. m. s. [from crow and y;ow.]. The science of describing the stars. JDict. A'st Roi. A B e. m. s. [of aro, and xzétis, to take.] 1. An instrument chiefly used for taking the altitude of the pole, the sun, or Stars, at Sea. 2. A stereographick projection of the circles of the sphere upon the plain of some great circle. Chambers. Ast Ro’log ER. n.s.. [astrologus, Lat. from *:2, and x:y?’.] 1. One that, supposing the influences of the stars to have a causal power, professes to foretel or discover events depending on those influences. Not unlike that which astrologers call a conjunction of planets, of no very benign aspect the one to the other. Watton. A happy genius is the gift of nature: it depends on the influence of the stars, say the autrelogers; on the organs of the body, say the naturalists; it is the particular gift of heaven, sa the divines, both christians and heathens. }.} Astrologers, that future fates foreshew. Pope. I never heard a finer satire against lawyers, than that of astroło, when they pretend, by rules of art, to tell when a suit will end, and whether to the advantage of the plaintiff or defendant. Swift. 2. It was anciently used for one that understood or explained the motions of the planets, without including prediction. A worthy astrologer, by perspective glasses, hath found in the stars many things io to the ancients. aleigh. Ast Rologi AN. m...[from astrology.] The same with astrosager. The twelve houses of heaven, in the form which astrologians use. Camden. The stars, they say, cannot dispose Hudibrar.

No more than can the astrologiani. Astrological. a.m. fr. --! A. o. oock." ; adj. Loom atrology.] I. Professing astrology. Some seem a little atrological, as when they warn us from places of malign influence. Weilan. No astrologi, k wizard honour gains, Who has not oft been banish'd, or in chains.

Dryden. 2. Relating to astrology. Astrological prayers seem to me to be built on as good reason as the predictions. , Stillo fleet. The poetical fables are more ancient than the astrological influences, that were not known to the Greekstill after Alexander the Great. Bently. Ast Rolo'gically.au'v. Ltromastrology.] In an astrological manner. To Asr Ro'i.ogize. v. n. [from astrology.] To practise astrology. ASTRO'LOGY. m. s. sastrologia, Lat.] The practice of foretelling things by the knowledge of the stars: an art now generally exploded, as irrational and false. I know the learned think of the art of astrology, that the stars do not force the actions or wills of men. - Swift. As I Ro'No Me?... n. 4. [from 3-foy, a st..., and 443, a rule or law.] One that

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ASTRO'NOMY. m. s. [oreovolzia, from arov, a star, and yé.3", a law or rule.] A mixed mathematical science, teaching the knowledge of the celestial bodies, their magnitudes, motions, distances, periods, eclipses, and order. Pythagoras taught that the earth and lanets turn round the sun, which stands immoveable in the center, From the time of Pythagoras, astronomy sunk into neglect, till it was revived by the Ptolemys, kings of Egypt; and the Saracens brought it from Africa to Spain, and restored this science to Europe. - Chambers. To this must be added the understanding of the globes, and the principles of geometry and astronomy. Cowley A's T R oscopy. m. s. so-o, a star, and crozia, to view.] Observation of the starS. - Bict. Asr Ro-t Heo Logy. m. s. [from astrum, a star, and theologia, divinity.] Divinity founded on the observation of the celestial bodies. That the diurnal and annual revolutions are the motions of the terraqueous globe, not of the sun, I shew in the preface of my Astro-Theology. Derban's Physico-Theology. Asu’NDER. adv.[arunbran, Sax.] Apart; separately; not together. wo indirect lines, the further that they are drawn out, the further they goasunder. Spenser. Sense thinks the planets spheres not much asunder: What tells us then their distance is sofar? Davier. Greedy hope to find His wish, and best advantage, usasunder. Milt. The fall'n archangel, envious of our state, Seeks hid advantage to betray us worse; Which, when arunder, will not prove too hard, For both together are each other's guard. Dryd. Borne far asunder by the tides of men, Like adamant and steel they meet again. Dryd. All this metallick matter, both that which continued arunder, and in single corpuscles, and that which was amassed and concreted into nodules, subsided. Woodward. Asx'Lu M. m. s. [Lat. &avao, from a, not, and avaiw, to pillage.] A place out of

which he that has fled to it, may not be taken ; a sanctuary; a refuge; a place of retreat and security. So sacred was the church to some, that it had the right of an asylum, or sanctuary. Ayliffo. As Y'MM F I R Y. n.s.. [from *, without, and •vulaire", symmetry.] 1. Contrariety to symmetry; disproportion. The asymmetries of the brain, as well as the deformities of the legs or face, may be restified in time. Grew. 3. This term is sometimes used in mathematicks, for what is more usually called incommensurability; when betweentwo quantities there is no common measure. A’sy M PT or E. m. s. [from ~, priv. ov, with, and alwa, to fall : which never meet ; incoincident.] Asymptotes are right lines, which approach nearer and nearer to some curve ; but which, though they and their curve were inflnitely continued, would never meet; *and may be conceived as tangents to their curves at an infinite distance. Chambers. Asymptote lines, though they may approach still nearer together, till they are nearer tho the least assignable distance, yet, being still produced infinitely, will never meet. Gretw. Asymptorica L. adj. LFrom asymptotel Curves are said to be asymptotical, when they continually approach, without a ossibility of meeting. ASY’NDETON. m. f. tion, of a, priv. and avoiva, to bind together.] A figure in grammar, when a conjunction copulative is omitted in a sentence; as in veni, vidi, vici, & is left out. At. prep. [act, Sax.] 1. Ai, before a place, denotes the nearness of the place; as, a man is at the house before he is in it. This custom continued among many, to say their prayers at fountains. Sillingfleet. 2. At, before a word signifying time, notes the coexistence of the time with the event; the word time is sometimes included in the adjective; we commonly say at a minute, at an hour, on a day, in a month. We thought it at the very first a sign of cold Book:

affection. or. How frequent to desert him, and at last To heap ingratitude on worthiest deeds. Milt. At the same time that the storm beats upon the whole species, we are falling foul upon one another. Ziadises. We made no efforts at all, where we could have most weakened the common enemy, and at the same time, enriched ourselves. Swift. 3. At, before a causal word, signifies nearly the same as with, noting that the event accompanies. or immediately succeeds, the action of the cause. At his touch, Such sanctity hath Heaven giv'n his hand, They presently amend. Shalipeare'r Macketk Q sir, when he shall hear of your approach, If that young Arthur be not gone already, Ev’n at this news he dies. Shakocero,

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ac'd That prio a fall, and shakes at ev'ry blast. - ryden. 4. At, before a superlative adjective, implies in the state ; as, at best, in the state of most perfection, $5c.

Consider any man as to his personal powers,

they are not great; for, at greatest, they must still be limited. South. We bring into the world with us a poor needy uncertain life, short at the longest, and unquiet at the best. Temple. 5. it, before a person, is seldom used otherwise thin ludicrously ; as, he longed to be at him, that is, to attack him. 6, 4t, before a substantive, sometimes signifies the particular condition or circumstances of the person; as, at peace, in a state of peace. . . . Under pardon, You are much more as task for want of wisdom, n prais'd for harmless mildness. Shakpeare. It bringeth the treasure of a realm into a few nds: for the usurer being at certainties, and others at uncertainties, at the end of the game most of the money will be in the box, Bacon. Hence walk'd the fiend at large in spacious field. Milton. The rest, for whom no lot is yet decreed, Mayrun in pastures, and at Pleisure feed. Dry. Deserted, at his utmost need, y those his former bounty fed. Dryden. What hinder'd either, in their native scil, At ease to reap the harvest of their toil. Dryden. Wise men are sometimes over-borne, when they are taken at a disadvantage. Collier. These have been the maxims they have been guided by: take these from them, and they are Perfectly at a loss, their compass and polestar then are gone, and their understanding is Perfectly at amonplus. Locke. One man manages four horses at cnce, and left from the boofanother at full speed. Popo. they will not let me be at quiet in my bed, but Pursue me to my very dreams. Swift. 7. Al, before a substantive, sometimes marks employment or attention. We find some arrived to that sottishness, as to own roundly what they would be at: South. How d'ye find yourself? says the doctor to is patient. A little while after, he is at, it again, with a Pray how d'ye find your body ? L'Estrange. But she who well enough knew what, Before he spoke, he would be at, Pretended not to apprenend. Hudibras. The creature's at ; dirty work again. Pope. 3. * is sometimes the same with furnished with, after the French a. Infuse his breast with magnanimity, And make him naked foil a man at arms. Shak. 3. At sometimes notes the place where any thing is, or acts., , Your husband is at hand, I hear his trumpet. Shakspeare. He that in tracing the vessels began at the heart, though he thought not at all of a circulation, yet made he the first true step towards

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ro: At sometimes signifies in immediate consequence of. Impeachments at the prosecution of the house of commons, have received their determinations in the house of lords. Hale. 11. At marks sometimes the effect proceeding from an act. !, Rest in this tomb, rais'd at thy husband's CCSt. Dryden. Tom has been at the charge of a penny upon this occasion. Addison. Those may be of use, to confirm by authority what they will not be at the trouble to deduca by reasoning. Arbuthnot. 2. At sometimes is nearly the same as in, noting situation ; as, he was at the bottom, or top of the hill. * . She hath been known to come at the head of these rascals, and beat her lover. Swift. 13. Alsometimes marks the occasion, like on. Others, with more helpful care, Cry'd out aloud, Beware, brave youth, beware! At this he turn'd, and, as the bull drew near, Shunn'd, and receiv'd him on his pointed spear. Dryden. 14. At sometimes seems to signify in the power of, or obedient to. But thou, of all the kings, Jove's care below, Art least at my command, and most my foe. Dryden. 15. At sometimes notes the relation of a man to an action. He who makes pleasure the vehicle of health, is a doctor at it in good earnest. Collier. 16. At sometimes imports the manner of an action. One warms you by degrees; the other sets you on fire all at once, and never intermits his heat.

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Not with less ruin than the Bajan mole At once comes tumbling down. Dryden. 17. At, like the French choz, means sometimes application to, or d pondence on. The worst authors might endeavour to please us, and in that endeavour deserve something at our hands. Pope18. At all. In any manner; in any degree. Nothing more true than what you once let fall, Most women have no characters at all. Pope. A^T AB A L. n.s. A kind of tabour used by the Moors. Children shall beat our atabal, and drums, And all the noisy trades of war no more Shall wake the peaceful morn. Dryden. ATARA'X1A. N. n. s. Lara;4%ia.] ExempA/T A R A X Y. tion from vexation ; tranquillity. The scepticks affected an indifferent equiponderous neutrality, as the only means to their ataraxia, and freedom from passionate disturbances. Glanville's Scepsis. A1 E. The preterit of eat. See To EAT. And by his side his steed the grassy forage ate. - Spenser. Even our first parents ate themselves out of Paradise; and Job's children junketed and feasted together often, South. ATHA’NOR. m. s. La chymical term, borrowed from 43.27.3"; or, as others think, min.] A digesting furnace to

keep heat for some time; so that it may be augmented or diminished at pleasure by opening or * SQII]t aperturco

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