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made on purpose with sliders over them, called registers. Quincy. A’r H E is M. n.s.. [from atheirt. It is only of two syllables in poetry.] The disbelief of a God. God never wrought miracles to convince atheism, because his ordinary works convince it. Bacon. It is the common interest of mankind, to punish all those who would seduce men to atheirn. ‘Tillotron. ATHEIST. m. s. [r. So, without God.] One that denics the existence of God. To these that sober race of men, whose lives Religious titled them the sons of God, Shall yield up all their virtue, all their fame, Ignobly' to the trains, and to the smiles, Of these fair atheists. Milton. Though he were really a speculative atheist, yet, if he would but proceed rationally, he could not however be a practical atheist, nor live without God in this world. South. Atheist, use thine eyes, And, having view'd the order of the skies, Think, if thou canst, that matter, blindly hurl’d Without a guide, should frame this wond'rous world. Creech. No atheiro, as such, can be a true friend, an affectionate relation, or a loyal subject. Bentley. A/T H E is r. adj. [from the noun..] Atheistical ; denying God. Nor stood un, indful Abdiel to annoy
Men are athritical, because they are first vicious; and question the truth of christianity, because they hate the practice. South. This argument demonstrated the existence of a deity, and convinced all atheistick gainsayers. - Ray on the Creation, ATH E1’s 'r I CA 1. LY.adw.[from atheistical.] In an atheistical manner. Is it not enormous, that a divine, hearing a great sinner talk atheistically, and scoff profanely at religion, should, instead of vindicating the truth, tacitly approve the scoffer South. I entreat such as are atheistically inclined, to consider these things. Tillotson. AT H E 1's rical N Ess. n.s.[fromatheistical.] The quality of being atheistical. Lord, purge out of all hearts profaneness and atheisticalness. ammond's Fundamentals.
Feeling the matter fluctuating, I thought it atheromatour. - Wiseman's Surgery. At H 'R's T. adv. [from a and thirst.) Thirsty; in want of drink. With scanty measure then supply their food; And, when aibirst, restrain 'em from the flood. Dryden, ATHLE'T1c k. adj. son athleta, Lat. & 9 Anzo, a wrestler. 1. Belonging to wrestling. 2. Strong of body; vigorous; lusty; robust. Seldom shall one see in rich families that athletic soundness and vigour of constitution, which is seen in cottages, where nature is cock, and necessity caterer. Saat'. Science distinguishes a man of honour from one of those athletick brutes, whom undeservedly we call heroes. Drydo. ATH w A/R r. prep. [from a and thwart.] 1. Across; transverse to any thing. Themistocles made Xerxes post out of Grecia, by giving out a purpose to break his bridge aibovart the Hellespont. Bacon's E.-y, Execrable shape That dar'st, though grim and terrible, advance Thy miscreated front athwart my way. P. Lot.
. 2. Through : this is not proper.
Now, athwart the terrors that thy vow Has planted round thee, thou appear'st more fair. disian. At H w A/R t. adv, a tort. 1. In a manner vexatious and perplexing; crossly. All athtvart there came A post from Wales, loaden with heavy news, Shakpeare. 2. Wrong : ā travers. The baby beats the nurse, and quite attrart Goes all decorum. Shakspeart. ATI’I.T. adv. LFrom a and tilt.] 1. In the manner of a tilter; with the action of a man making a thrustatanantagonist. in the city Tours Thou ran'statist, in honour of my love, And stol'st away the ladies hearts from France.
Slaiopraro. To run atolt at men, and wield Their naked tools in open field. Hudibrar. 2. In the posture of a barrel raised or tilted behind, to make it run out. Such a man is always atilt; his favours come hardly from him. Spectator. A^T LAS. m. s. 1. A collection of maps; so called probably from a picture of Atlas supporting the heavens, prefixed to some collection. 2. A large square folio; so called from those folios, which, containing maps, were made large and square.
At Mosphe'Rica L. adj. [from armosphere.] Consisting of the atmosphere; belonging to the atmosphere. We did not mention the weight of the in:* cylinder, as a part of the , weight resisted. Boyle. ATOM. m. s. [atovius, Lat. &ro.o.] 1. Such a small particle as cannot be phy
sically divided: and these are the first "
rudiments, or the component parts, of all bodies. - Q_iocy. Innumerable minute bodies are called atoms, because, by reason of their perfect solidity, they were really indivisible. ay. See plastick nature working to this end, The single atoms each to other tend, Attract, attracted to, the next in place Form'd and impell'd its neighbour to *:::: ope. 2. Anything extremely small. It is as easy to count atoms, as to resolve the propositions of a lover. Shakspeare, Ato'Mica L. adj. [from atom.] 1. Consisting of atoms. Vitrified and pellucid bodies are clearer in their continuities than in powders and atomical divisions. Brown's Pulgar Errours. 4. Relating to atoms. Vacuum is another principal doctrine of the stomical philosophy. Beatley's Sermons. Atomist. n. . [from atom.] One that holds the atomaical philosophy, or doctrine of atoms. The atomists, who define motion to be a passage from one place to another, what do they more than put one synonymous word for another 2 Locke, Now can judicious atomists conceive, Chance to the sun could his just impulse give 2 Blackmore. A'roMy. m. s. An obsolete word for atom. Drawn with a team of little atomies Athwart men's noses, as they be asleep. Shak. To ATO/NE. v. n. [from at one, as the etymologists remark, to be at one, is the same as to be in concord. This derivation is much confirmed by the following passage of SAEakspeare, and appears to be the sense still retained in Scotland.] 1. To agree ; to accord. He and Aufidius can no more atone, Than violentest contrariety. Shakspeare. 1. To stand as an equivalent for something ; and particularly used of expiatory sacrifices, with the particle for before the thing for which something else is given. From a mean stock the pious Decii came ; Yet such their virtues, that their loss alone Aer Rome and all our legions did atone. Dryd. The good intention of a man of weight and worth, or a real friend, seldom atones for the uneasiness produced by his grave representation. Locke, Let thy sublime meridian course For Mary's setting rays alone : Our lustre, with redoubled force, , Must now proceed from thee alone. Prior. is virgin sword slogysthus' veins imbrued; The murd’rer fell, and blood aton'. s.r. o ope. fo Ato's E. v. a. I. To reduce to concord. lf any coatention arose, he knew none fitter
to be their judge, to atone and take up their quarrels, but himself. ruzor, 2. To expiate ; to answer for. Soon should yon boasters cease their haughty strife, Or each atone his guilty love with life. Pope. A ro'N F M C N T. m. s. from atone.] 1. Agreement; concord. e seeks to make atomsonent Between the duke of Glo'ster and yo or brothers. - Shakspeare. 2. Expiation ; expiatory equivalent : with for And the Levites were purified, and Aaron made an atonement for them to cleanse them. Mumbers. Surely it is not a sufficient atonement for the writers, that they profess loyalty to the government, and sprinkle some arguments in favour of the dissenters, and, under the shelter of popular politicks and religion, undermine the foundations of all piety and virtue. * ATO'P. adv. [from a and top.] On the top ; at the top. Atop whereof, but far more rich, appear'd The work as of a kingly palace-gate. Par. Zoff. What is extracted by water from coffee is the oil, which often swims atop of the decoction. - Arkuthnot on Asiments. At RABILA's 1AN, ladi.[from a.org bilis, ATR AB I LA/R Ious. J black choler.] Melancholy ; replete with black choler. The blood, deprived of its due proportion of ~ serum, or finer and more volatile parts, is atrabilarious ; whereby it is rendered gross, black, unctuous, and earthy. uincy. From this black adust state of the blood, they are atralilarious. Arbuthnot on Air. The atrabilarian constitution, or a black, viscous, pitchy consistence of the fluids, makes all secretions difficult and sparing. Arbuthnot.
ATR A BILA'Rious Ness. n.s.. [from atrabilarious.] The state of being melancholy; repletion with melancholy. ATR AM E/NT A L. & adj. [from atramenATR AM E/N To Us. tum, ink, Lat..] Inky"; black. If we enquire in what part of vitriol this atrainental and denigrating condition lodgeth, it will seem especially to lie in the more fixed salt thereof. - Brown’s P'us' ar Errours. I am not satisfied, that those o: and atramentous spots, which seem to represent them, are ocular. Brown. ATRO'CIOUS. adj. [atrox, Lat.] Wicked in a high degree; enormous ; horribly criminal. An advocate is necessary, and therefore audience ought not to be denied him in defending causes, unless it be an atrocious offence. Ayliff. At Rocious L. Y. adv. [from atrocious. In an atrocious manner; with great wickedness. AT ro'cious N Ess. n. . [from atrocious.] The quality of being enormously criiminal. ATR o'city. n. J. [atrocilas, Lat.] Horrible wickedness ; excess of wickedness. I never recal it to mind, without a deep astonishment of the very horrour and atrocity of the fact in a christian court. afton. . They desired justice might be done upon offenders, as the circrity of their crimes deserved. Clarendon, A'r Rophy. n.s. [&rotia.J Want of nourishment; a disease in which what is taken at the mouth cannot contribute to the support of the body. Pining atrophy, Marasmus, and wide-wasting pestilence. Milt. The mouthsof the lacteals may be shut up by a viscid mucus, in which case the chyle passeth by stool, and the person falleth into an atrophy. Arbuthnat on Aliments. To ATTA'CH. v. a. [attacher, Fr.] 1. To arrest; to take or apprehend by commandment or writ. Cowell. Eftsoons the guards, which on his state did wait, Attach'd that traitor false, and bound him strait. -Spenter. The Tower was chosen, that if Clifford should accuse great ones, they might, without suspicion or noise, be presently attached. Bacon. Bohemia greets you, Desires you to attach his son, who has His dignity and duty both cast off. Skałpeare. 2. Sometimes with the particle of, but not in present use. You, lord archbishop, and you,lord Mowbray, Of capital treason I attach you both. Shalop. 3. To seize in a judicial manner. France hath flaw'd the league, and hath attach'd Our merchants goods at Bourdeaux. Shul’p. 4. To lay hold on, as by power. I cannot blame thee, Who am myself attach'd with weariness, To th' dulling of my spirits. Shuk peare. 5. To win; to gain over ; to enamour. Sc:gs, garlands, flow'rs, And charming symphonies, attach'd the heart Of Adam. - - Milton. 6. To fix to one s interest. The great and rich depend on those whom their power of their wealth attaches to them. Rogers. Att A'chMENT. n.s.. [attachement, Fr.] 1. Adherence; fidelity. The Jews are remarkable for an attachment to their own country. Addison. 2. Attention ; regard. The Romans burnt this last fleet, which is another mark of their small attachment to the Sea. Arbuthnot on Coint. 3. An apprehension of a man, to bring him to answer an action ; and sometimes it extends to his moveables. 4. Foreign attachment is the attachment of a foreigner’s goods found within a city, to satisfy creditors within a city. To ATTACK. v. a. [attaquer, Fr.] 1. To assault an enemy : opposed to de
fence. The front, the rear Attack,while Yvothunders in the centre. Philips. Those that attack generally get the victory, though with disadvantage of ground. Cane's Campaigns. 2. To impugn in any manner, as with satire, confutation, calumny ; as, the declaimer attacked the reputation of his adversaries. Art A’ck. m. s. [from the verb.] An assault upon an enemy. Hector opposes, and continues the attack; in which Sarpedon makes the first breach, in the wall. Pope's Iliad. If, appris'd of the severe attack, The country be shut up. Thomson,
r * 't * wrong, when thousands call'd me acK, To make that hopeless, ill-advis'd attack. Young, At ra'cke R. n. . [from attack.] The person that attacks. To ATTATN. v. a. Latteindre, Fr. attineo, Lat.] 1. To gain ; to procure; to obtain. Is he wise who hopes to attain the end without the means, nay, by means that are quite contrary to it 2 Tilloison. All the nobility here could not attain the same favour as Wood did. Swift. 2. To overtake ; to come up with: assis now little in use. The earl hoping to have overtaken the Secttish king, and to have given him battle, but not attaining him in time, set down before the castle of Aton. Bi.co.
3. To come to ; to enter upon. Canaan he now attain: ; I see his tents Pitch'd above Sichen. Milton's Par. Lot. 4. To reach ; to equal. So the first precedent, if it be good, is seldom attained by initation. Bucan. To AT 4. A 1/N. v. n. 1. To come to a certain state: with to. Milk will soon separate itself into a cream, and a more serous liquor, which, after twelve days, attains to the highest degree of acidity. Arbuthnot on .ilionts. 2. To arrive at. Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high : I cannot attain unto it. . . Psalo. To have knowledge in most objects of contemplation, is what the mind of one man can hardly attain unto. J.o.o. ATTA'is. n. 4. [from the verb.] The thing attained; attainment. Not in uSc. -Crowns and diadems, the most splendid te:rene attains, are akin to that which to-day is in the field, and to-morrow is cut down. Glanville's Scopsit. ATTA's NABLE. adj. [from attain..] That may be attained; procurable. He wilfully neglects the obtaining unspeakable good, which he is persuaded is certain and altainable. Tillotso. None was proposed that appeared certainly attainable, or of value enough. Rogers. ATTA's NABLEs Ess. n.s.. [from attainable.] The quality of being attainable. Persons become often enamoured of outward beauty, without any particular knowledge of its possessor, or its attainableness by thein. Cloyne. Art A’s ND ER. n. 4. [from To attaint.] 1. The act of attainting in law; conviction of a crime. See To ATTA 1 N.T. The ends in calling a parliament were chiefly to have the attainders of allof his party reversed: and, on the other side, to attaint by parliament his enemies. Boxes.
The Scripture must be sufficient to imprint in us the character of all things necessary for the attainment of eternal life. Hooker. Education in extent more large, of time shorter, and of attainment more certain. ilton. Government is an art above the attainment of an ordinary genius. South. If the same actions be the instruments both of acquiring fame and procuring this happiness, they would nevertheless fail in the attainment of this last end, if they proceeded from a desire of the first. Addison. The great care of God for our salvation must appear in the concern he expressed for our attainment of it. Rogers. T. At 1 A'1N r. v. a. [attenter, Fr.] 1. To disgrace ; to cloud with ignominy. His warlike shield Was all of diamond perfect, pure and clean, For so exceeding shone his glistering ray, That Phoebus golden face it did attaint, As when a cloudhisbeams doth overlay. F. Queen. 2. To attaint is particularly used for such as are found guilty of some crime or offence, and especially of felony or treason. A maa is attainted two ways, by appearance, or by process. Attainder by appearance is by confession, battle, or verdict. Confession is double; one at the bar before the judges, when the prisoner, upon his indictment read, being asked guilty or not guilty, answers Guilty, never putting himself upon the verdict of the jury. The other is before the the coroner or sanctuary, where he, upon his confession, was in former
times constrained to abjure the realm; which
kind is called attainder by abjuration. Attainder by battle is, when the party appealed, and choosing to try the truth by combat rather than by jury, is vanquished. Attainder by verdict is, when the prisoner at the bar, answering to the indictment Not Guilty, hath an inquest of life and death passing upon him, and is by the verdict pronounced guilty. Attainder by process is, where a party flies, and is not found till five times called publickly in the county, and at last outlawed upon his default. Corvell. Were it not an endless trouble, that no traitor or felon should be attainted, but a parliament must be called? Sten rer. I must offend before I be attainted. Siao. 3. To taint; to corrupt. My tender youth was never, yet attaint With any passion of inflaming love. Shakspeare. ATT A'is f. m. s. [from the verb.] 1. Anything injurious; as illness, weariness. This sense is now obsolete. Nor doth he dedicate one jot of colour Unto the weary and all-watched night; But freshly looks, and overbears attaint With cheerful semblance. Shakop. Henry v. 2. Stain; spot ; taint. No man hath a virtue that he has not a glimpse of; nor any man an attaint, but he carries some stain of it. Shakspeare. 3. [In horsemanship.] A blow or wound on the hinder feet of a horse. Far. Dict. Art A’ixture. n.s.. [from attaint.] Legal censure; reproach; imputation. Hume's knavery will be the duchess' wreck, And her attainture will be Humphry's fall. Shalopeare. To ATTA'MINATE. v. a. [attamino, Lat.] To corrupt; to spoil.
1. To mingle; to weaken by the mixture of something else; to dilute. Nobility attempers sovereignty, and draws the eyes of the people somewhat aside from the line royal. Bacon. Attemper'd suns arise, Sweet-beam’d, and shedding oft thro' lucid clouds A pleasing calm. - Thomson. 2. To soften ; to mollify. His early providence could likewise have attempered his nature therein. Bacon. Those smiling eyes, attemp'ring ev'ry ray, Shone sweetly lambent with celestial day. *.. 3. To mix in just proportions; to regulate. Shetoher guests dothbounteousbanquet dight, Attemper'd, goodly, well for health and for delight. Spenter. 4. To fit to something else. Phemius' let arts of gods and heroes old, Attemper'd to the lyre, your voice employ. Pope. To Afte/MPER A1 E. v. a. [attempero, Lat.] To proportion to something. Hope must be proportioned and attemperate to the promise; if it exceed that temper and proYortion, it becomes a tumour and tympany of ope, Hammond's Pract. Catechism. To ATT E/M PT. v. a. Lattenter, Fr.] 1. To attack; to invade; to venture upon. He, flatt’ring his displeasure, Tript me behind, got praises of the king, For him attempting, who was self-subdued. Shakr. Who, in all things wise and just, Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind Ofman, with strength entire and free-will arm'd. Milton. 2. To try; to endeavour. I have nevertheless attempted to send unto you, for the renewing of brotherhood and friendship. 1 Maccabees. To Att F/M PT. v. 7. To make an attack. I have been so hardy to attempt upon a name, which among some is yet very sacred. Glanville. Horace his monster with woman's head above, and fishy extreme below, answers the shape of the ancient Syrens that attempts upon Ulysses. Brown's Vulgar Errours.
Atte‘M PT. n.s.. [from the verb.] 1. An attack. If we be always prepared to receive an enemy, we shall long live inpeace and quietness, without any citempts upon us. acon2. An essay; an endeavour. Alack! I am afraid they have awak'd, And 'tis not done; th’ attempt, and not the deed, Confounds us. Shakspeare's Macbeth. He would have cry'd; but, hoping that he dreamt, Amazement tied his tongue, and stopp'd th'attempt. den. I subjoin the following attempt toward a natural history of fossils. Woodwardon Fossils.
ATTE'M ptable. adi, [from attempt.] Eliable to attempts or attacks. The gentleman vouching his to be more fair, virtuous, wise, and less attemptable, than the rarest of our ladies. Shakspeare. Art E'MPTE R. n. 4. [from attempt.] 1. The person that attempts; an invader. The Son of God, with godlike force endued Against th' attempter of thy Father's throne. Milton, 2. An endeavourer. You are no factors for glory or treasure, but disinterested attempters for the universal s: Glanville's Sopwir, fo ATTE'ND. v. a. [attendre, Fr. at. tendo, Lat.] . 1. To regard; to fix the mind upon. The diligent pilot, in a dangerous tempest, doth not attend the unskilful words of a passenger. Sidney. The crow doth sing as sweetly as the stork When neither is attended. Shakspeare. 2. To wait on ; to accompany as an inferiour, or a servant. His companion, youthful Valentine, A:ond, the emperour in his royal court. Shaks. 3. To accompany as an enemy. He was at present strong enough to have stopped or attended Waller in his western expedition. !arendon. 4. To be present with, upon a summons. 5. To accompany; to be appendant to. England is so idly king'd, Her sceptre so fantastically borne, That fear attends her not. Shakspeare. My pray'rs and wishes always shall attend The friends of Rome. Addison's Cato. A vehement, burning, fixed, pungent pain in the stomach, attended with a fever. Arbuthnot. 6. To expect. This sense is French. So dreadful a tempest, as all the people atfended therein the very end of the world, and judgment day. Raleigh's History. 7. To wait on, as on a charge. The fifth had charge sick persons to attend, And comfort those in point of death which lay. Spenser. 3. To be consequent to. The duke made that unfortunate descent upon Rhée, which was afterwards attended with many unprosperous attempts. Clarendon, 9. To remain to ; to await; to be in store for. To him who hath a prospect of the state that attend all men after this, the measures of good and evil are changed. Locłe. ro. To wait for insidiously. Thy interpreter, full of despight, bloody as the hunter, attend thee at the orchard end. Souls. II. To be bent upon any object. Their hunger thus appeas'd, their care attend: The doubtful fortune of their absent friends. * . Dryden. 12. To stay for. I died whilst in the womb he staid, 4ttending nature's law. of: Cymbeline. I hasten to our own; nor will relate Great Mithridates' and rich Craesus' fate; Whom Solon wisely counsell'd to attend The name of happy, till he knew his end. Creech. Three days I promis'd to attend my doom, And two long days and nights are yet to come.
JDryden. To ATTE/N D. v. m. 1. To yield attention. But, thy relation now! for I attend, Pleas'd with thy words. Milton.
Since man cannot at the same time attend to two objects, if you employ your spirit upon a book or a bodily labour, you have no room left for sensual temptation. Taylor.
a. To stay to delay.
This first true cause, and last good end, She cannot here so well and truly see; For this perfection she must yet attend, Till to her Maker she espoused be. Davier.
Plant anemonies after the first rains, if you will have flowers very forward; but it is surer to attend till October. ... Bvelyn.
3. To wait; to be within reach or call.
The charge thereof unto a covetous sprite Commanded was, who thereby did attend And warily awaited. Fairy Qutto, 4. To wait, as compelled by authority. If any minister refused to admit a lecturer recommended by him, he was required to attend upon the committee, and not discharged till the houses met again, Clarendon. Atte’s DAN co. m. s. [attendance, Fr.] 1. The act of waiting on another; or of serving. - l dance attendance here, I think the duke will not be spoke withal. Skał, For he of whom these things are spoken, pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar. Hebrew, The other, after many years attendance upon the duke, was now one of the bedchamber to the prince. Clarender, 2. Service. Why might not you, my lord, receive attend. once From those that she calls servants? Shakotaro, 3. The persons waiting ; a train. 4ttendance none shall need, nortrain; where
none Are to behold the judgment, but the judg’d, Those two. Milton's Paradise Lois. 4. Attention; regard. Give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine. 1 Timotly,
5. Footion : a sense now out of use. That which causeth bitterness in death is the languishing attendance and expectation there... of cre it come. corr, Atte‘s o Asr, adj. [attendant, Fr.] Ac. companying as subordinate, or conscquential. Other suns, perhaps, With their attendant moons, thou wilt descry, Communicating male and female light. Par. At f Eos D. As to n, 3. I. One that attends. I will be returned forthwith ; dismiss your attendant there; look it be done. Säässort, 2. One that belongs to the train. When some gracious monarch dies, Soft w o: first and mournful murmurs rise, Among the sad attendants. Dryde". 3. One that waits the pleasure of another, as a suitor or agent. I endeavour that my reader may not wait long for my meaning; to give an attendant quick dispatch is a civility. Burnet'. Theory, 4. One that is present at any thing. He was a constant attendant at all meetings relating to charity, without contributing. Skrift. 5. [In law.] One that oweth a duty or Service to another; or, after a sort, dependeth upon another. Cowell.