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The solitary maggot, found in the dry heads of teasel, is sometimes changed into the airelia of a butterfly, sometimes into a fly-case. Ray. Aukrcle. n. 4. [auricula, Lat.] 1. The external ear, or that part of the ear which is prominent from the head. 2. Two appendages of the heart; being two muscular caps, covering the two ventricles thereof; thus called from the resemblance they bear to the external car. They move regularly like the heart, only in an inverted order; their systole corresponding to the diastole of the heart. Chambers. Blood should be ready to join with the chyle, before it reaches the right auricle of the ho ow. At Ri'cula. m. s. See Bears EAR. Å flower. At Ri'cut. AR. adj. [from auricula, Lat. the ear.] 1. Within the sense or reach of hearing. You shall hear us confer, and by an auricular assurance have your satisfaction. , Sasspeare. 2. Secret; told in the ear; as, auricular confession. 3. Traditional ; known by report. The alchymists call in many varieties out of *trology, auricular traditions, and feigned testimoutes. Bacon. At Ri'cular LY. adv. [from auricular.] In a secret manner. These will soon confess, and that not auricularly, but in a loud and audible voice. Decay of Piety. At Ri'Ferous. adj. [aurifer, Lat.] That produces gold. Rocks rich in gems, and mountains big with mines, Whence many a bursting stream auriferous plays. Thomson. Auriga'rios. n.s.[auriga, Lat.] The act or practice of driving carriages. Dict. Auripi GME's Tu M. See OR PIMENT. AURO'R.A. m. s. [Lat.] 1. A species of crowfoot. 2. The goddess that opens the gates of day; poetically, the morning. Aurora sheds On Indus’ smiling banks the rosy shower. Thomson. AURO'RA Borealis. [Lat.] Light streaming in the night from the north. d'URUM Fulminans. [Lat.] A preparation made by dissolving gold in aqua regia, and precipitating it with salt of tartar; whence a very small quantity of it becomes capable, by a moderate heat, of giving a report like that of a pistol. Quincy. Some aurum fulminans the fabrick shook. Garth. Auscu LTA’rion. m. s. [from auscusto, Lat..] A hearkening or listening to. Dict. A'USPICE. m. s. [auspicium, Lat.] 1. The omens of any future undertaking drawn from birds. 2. Protection ; favour shown. Great father Mars, and greater Jove, By whose high auspice Route hath stood So long. - , Ben joiran. WOL. I.
3. Influence; good derived to others from the piety of their patron. But so may he live long, that town to sway, Which by his ić they will nobler make, As he will hatch their ashes by his stay. Dryden. Aus P1’c. A L. adj. [from auspice.] Relating to prognosticks. Auspicious. adj. [from auspice.] 1. Having omens of success. You are now with happy and cuspicious beginnings, forming a model of a christian o: prat. 2. Prosperous; fortunate: applied to perSons. Auspicious chief! thy race, in times to come, Shall spread the conquests of imperial Rome. Dryden. 3. Favourable ; kind ; propitious: applied to persons, or actions. Fortune play upon thy prosp’rous helm, As thy auspicious mistress" Shai peare. 4. Lucky; happy : at lied to tilings. - y I'll iii.; cil, § And promise you calm seas, auspicious gales, And sails expeditious. Soakspeare's Tampest. A pure, an active, an auspicious flame, And bright as heav'n, from whence the blessing caine. Roscommon. Two battles your auspiciour cause has won; Thy sword can perfect what it has *; ryder. AU's P1’cious LY. adv. [from auspicious.] Happily; prosperously; with prosperous Oncils. Auspi'cious N Ess. n.s.. [from auspicious.] Prosperity ; promise of happiness. AUSTE’RE. adj. [austerus, Lat.] 1. Severe; harsh ; rigid. When men represent the divine nature as an austere and rigorous master, always lifting up his hand to take vengeance, such conceptions must unavoidably raise terror. Rogers. Austere Saturnius, say From whence this wrath? or who controuls thy sway Pope2. Sour of taste ; harsh. Th'awstere and pond’rous juices they sublime. Make them ascend the porous soil, and climb The orange tree, the citron, and the lime. Blackmore, Aurtere wines, diluted with water, cool more. than water alene, and at the same time do not relax. Arbuthnot on Aliments. Auste’RE I.Y. adv. [from austere.] Severely; rigidly. Ah! Luciana, did he tempt thee so? Might'st thou perceive, austerely in his eye, That he did plead in earnest ? Shaftspeare. - Hypocrites austerely talk Of purity, and place, and innocence. Par. Lost. Auste'R EN Ess. n.s.. [from austere.] 1. Severity; strictness; rigour. My unsoil'd name, th’ aust-reness of my life, Mayvouch against you; and my place i' th' state Will so your accusation overweigh. Shakspeare: If an indifferent and unridiculous object could draw this awatereness into a smile, he hardly could. resist the proper motives thereof. razor2. Roughness in taste. . Auste'rity, n. 3. [from austere.] 1. Severity; mortified life; strictnes?. Now, Marcus Cato, our new consul’s oy, What is your sour austerity sent t' explore? . - B:: jazor.
what was that snaky-headed Gorgon shield That wise Mirei va wore, unconquer'd virgin, Where with she freez'd her foes to congeal’d stone, But rigid looks of chaste anterity, And noble grace, that dash'd brûte violence With sudden adoration and blank aweł Milton. This prince kept the government, and yet lived in this convent with all the rigour and austority of a capuchin. Zładison. 2. Cruelty; harsh discipline. Let not austerity breed servile fear; No wanton sound offend her virgin ear. Roscom. Aust. R A L ad;. Lautralis, Lat.] Southern; was, the austral signs. To A't's T R A Liz E. v. n. [from auster, the south wind, Lat.] To tend toward the south. - Steel and good iron discover a verticity, or polar faculty; whereby they do septentriate at one extreme, and australize at another. Brown's Pulgar Errourr. A'Ust R IN E. adj. [from austrinus, Lat.] Southern ; southernly. AUT H E 'No 1 c A L. adj. [from authentick.] Not fictitious ; being what it seems. Of statutes made before time of memory, we have no authentical records, but only transcripts. JHale. AUTHE'NT I CALLY. adv. [from authentical.] After an authentick manner; with all the circumstances requisite to procure authority. ThisJoint is dubious, and not yet authentically decided. Brown's Pulgar Errouri. Conscience never commands or forbids any thing authentically, but there is some law of God which commands or forbids it first. South. AUTHE/NT1c ALN Ess. n.s. from authentica/.] The quality of being authentick; genuineness; authority. Nothing can be more pleasant than to see virtuosos about a cabinet of medals, descanting upon the value, rarity, and authenticalness of the several pieces. Addison. A UT H E N T 1'cITY.. n.s.. [from authentick.) Authority; genuineness; the being authentick. AUTHENTICK. adj. [authenticus, Lat.] That has everything requisite to give it authority; as, an authentick register. It is used in opposition to anything by which authority is destroyed, as authentick, not counterfeit. It is never used of persons. Genuine ; not fictitious. Thou art wont his great authentick will Interpreter through highest heav'n to bring. 44 ilton. She joy'd th’ authentick news to hear, Of what she guess'd before with jealous fear, Cowley. But censure 's to be understood The authenties mark of the elect, The publick stamp heav'n sets on all that's great and good. Swift.
After an authentick manner. AUT H E 'N TI cKN Ess. n. J. [from authentick.] The same with authenticity. A/UTHOR. m. s. sauctor, Lat.] 1. The first beginner or mover of any thing ; he to whom any thing owes its original.
That law, the author and observer whereof is one only God to be blessed for ever. Hooker. The author of that which causeth another thing to be, is author of that thing also which thereby is caused. Hooker. I'll never Be such a gosling to obey instinct; but stand As if a man was author of himself, • And knew no other kin. Slak peare's Coriolanut. Thou art my father, thou my author, thou My beine gav'st me; whom should I obey But theef Milton's Paradise Lott, But Faunus came from Picus, Picus drew His birth from Saturn, if records be true. Thus king Latinus, in the third degree, Had Saturn author of his family. Drofen, If the worship of false gods had not blinded the heathen, instead of teaching to worship the sun, and dead heroes, they would ño. us to worship our true Author and benefactor, as their ancestors did under the government Noah and his sons, before they corrupted themselves. - Newton. 2. The efficient; he that effects or produces anything. That which is the strength of their amity, shall prove the immediate author of their variarlce. Shakspeara Now while the tortur'd savage turns around, And flings about his foam, impatient of tis
New authors of dissension spring; from him Two branches, that in hosting long contend For sov’reign sway. Philipi. 3. The first writer of any thing; distinct from the translator or compiler. To stand upon every point in particulars, belongeth the first author of the story. 2 Maccabeer. An author has the choice of his own thoughts and words, which a translator has not.’ Drydon, 4. A writer in general. Yet their own author, faithfully affirm That the land Salike lies in Germany. Skało. AUTHo'RITATI v E. adj. [from authority.) 1. Having due authority. 2. Having an air of authority; positive. I dare not give them the ...}}. title of aphorisms, which yet may make a reasonable moral prognostick. Ps’ attaa. The mock authoritative mammer of the one, and the insipid mirth of the other. Swift'. Exar. AUTHO'Rioratively, adv.[from autho. ritative.] I. In an authoritative manner; with a show of authority. 2. With due authority. No law foreign binds in England, till it be reŞeived, and authoritatively engrafted, into the law of England. - Hale. AUTHO'R1T ATIVEN Ess. n.s.. [from authoritative..] An acting by authority : authoritative appearance. Dict, AUTHook it Y. n.s.. [auctoritas, Lat.] 1. Legal power. a Idle old man, That still would manage those authoriter That he hath given away! Shakop. King Zeur. Adam's sovereignty, that by virtue of being proprietor of the whole world, he had any arto: rity over men, could not have been inherited by any of his children. . Lazio, 2. Influence; credit. Power arising from strength, is always in those that are governed, who are many: but authority arising from opinion, is in those that govern, who are few. Temple.
The woods are fitter to give rules than cities, where those that call themselves civil and rational, go out of their way by the authority of
example. * Locke. 3. Power; rule. I know, my lord, If law, authority, and pow'r deny not, It will go hard with poor Antonio. Shaksp.
But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. 1 Tiracloy. 4. Support; justification; countenance. Dost thou expect th’ authority of their voices, Whose silent wills condemn thee Ben Jonson. 5. Testimony. Sonething. I have heard of this, which I would be claitoid by so sweetan authority so med. idney. We use authorities in things that need o, and introduce the testimony of ancient writers, to confirm things evidently believed. Brown. Having been so hardy as to undertake a charge against the philosophy of the schools, I was liable to have been overborne by a torrent of autuorities. Glanville's Scopsis. 4. Weight of testimony; credibility; cogency of evidence. hey consider the main consent of all the churches in the whole world, witnessing the sagrod authority of scriptures, ever sithence the first publication thereof, even till this present day and hour. - Hooker. Author, 12 A^r to N. n.s.. [from authorize.] Establishment by authority. The obligation of laws arises not from their matter, but from their admission and reception, and authorization in this kingdom. Hale. To Au’r Ho R1z E. v. a. Lautoriser, Fr.] 1. To give authority to any person. Making herself an impudent suitor, guthorizio herself very much, with making us see that favour and power depended upon her. Sidney. Deaf to complaints, they wait upon the ill, ill some safe crisis authorize their skill. Dryden. 2. To make any thing legal. Yourself first made that title which I claim, First bid me love, and authoriz'd my flame. - Dryden. I have nothing farther to desire, But Sancho's leave to authorize our marriage. - Dryden. To have countenanced in him irregularity, and disobedience to that light which he had, would have been, to have authorized disorder, confusion, and wickedness, in his creatures. - Locke. 3. To establish any thing by authority, Lawful it is to devise any ceremony, and to Wuthorize any kind of regiment, no special commandment being thereby violated. Hoofer. Those forms are best which have been longest received and authorized in a nation by custom and use.” ‘I confle. 4. To joi to prove a thing to be right. All virtue lies in a power of denying our own them. Locke.
5. To 5. credit to any person or thing. ugh their intention be sincere, yet doth it notoriously strengthen vulgar errour, and au...thorize opinions injurious unto truth. Brozen. Be a person in vogue with the multitude, he shall authorize any nonsense, and make incohe
desires, where reason does not authorize
rent stuff, seasoned with twang and tautology, pass for rhetorick. South. Auro’c R as Y. m. s. sov-x:4'rito, from covr&" self, and x;47?', power.] Independent power; supremacy. Dict. Auro G R A'PH ic A L. adj. from autography.] Of one's own writing. J)ict. Auto/GRAPHY. m. s. [coronton, from “”;, and of ow, to write. A particular person’s own writing ; or the original of a treatise, in opposition to a copy. AutoMA's cAL, adj. from automaton.] Belonging to an automaton; having the power of moving itself. Au To'MA To N. m. s. sovrégorov.] In the plural, attomata. A machine that hath the power of motion within itself, and which stands in need of no foreign assistance. Suincy. For it is greater to understand the art whereby the Almighty governs the motions of the great cutorator, than to have learned the intrigues of licy. Giançoille's Sopsis. The particular circumstances for which the automata of this kind are most eminent, may be reduced to four. ilkins. . Auro's: A Tous adj. [from automaton.] Having in itself the power of motion. Clocks, or autonitoi's organs, whereby we distinguish of time, have no mention in ancient writers. Brown's Pulgar Errours. Auto's ox! Y. m.s. [***.*..] The living according to one's mind and prescription. Dict. A’utopsy. m. s. sovrolia.] Ocular demonstration; seeing a thing one's self. Quincy. In those that have forked tails, autopsy convinceth us, that it hath this use. Ray on Creation. Au To'Prica L., adj. [from autopsy..] Perceived by one’s own eyes. Auto'r ric A : ly, adv. [from autoptical.] By means of one’s own eyes. Were this true, it would autoptically silence that dispute. root”. That the galaxy is a meteor, was the account of Aristotle; but the telescope hath antoptically confuted it: and he, who is not Pyrrhonian enough to the disbelief of his senses, may see that it is no exhalation. Glanville's Scopsis. A’u Tu MN. n.s.. [autumnus, Lat. The season of the year between summer and winter, beginning astronomically at the equinox, and ending at the solstice ; popularly, autumn comprises August, September. and Octobcr. - For I will board her, though she chide as loud As thunder, when the clouds in autumn crack. Shakspeare. I would not be over confident, till he hath passed a spring or autumn. Wiseman's Surgery. The starving brood, Void of sufficient sustenance, will yield A slender attazon. . . . Piilor. Aution nodding o'er the yellow plain, Comes jovial on. Thomson. AU L'ois A. L. adi. [from autumn.] Belonging to autumn ; produced in autumn. No spring crosummer's beauty hath such grace, As I have seen in one autumnal face. ***** Thou shalt not long Rule in the clouds; like an autumnal star, Or light:ling, thou shalt fall. Mi'oon. Rind now up your autumnal flowers, to prevent sudden gusts, which will prostrate all. Evelyn. Not the fair fruit that on yon branches glows With that ripe red th’ autumnal sun *::: ope. Avu’lston. o. f. [avulsio, Lat." The act of pulling one thing from another. Spare not the little offsprings if they grow Fo but the thronging clusters thin By kind avulsion. Philips. The pressure of any ambient fluid can be no intelligible cause of the cohesion of matter ; though such a pressure may hinder the coulsion of two polished superficies one from another, in a line perpendicular to them. Locke. .#UXESIS. m... [Latin.] An increasing ; an exornation, when, for amplification, a more grave and magnificent word is put instead of the proper word. Smith: Aüx I'll A R. m.s. from auxilirim, Lat.] At x 1'll A R Y. y Helper; assistant ; confederate. In the strength of that power, he might, without the auxiliaries of any further influence, have determined his will to a full choice of God. South. : There are,indeed, asort of underlingauxiliarier to the difficulty of a work, called commentators and criticks. . Pope. At x1'll A R. } adj. [from auxilium, Tat.] At x 1'i. I AR Y. $ Assistant; helping ; confederate. The giant brood, That fought at Thebes and Ilium, on each side Mix'd with auxiliar gods. Milton's Paradise Lost. Their tractates are little auxiliary unto ours, not afiord us any light to detenebrate this truth. rown's Pulgar Errours. There is not the smallest capillary vein but it is present with, and auxiliary to it, according to its use. Hale's Origin of Mankind. Nor from his patrimonial heav'n alone Is Jove content to pour his vengeance down; Aid from his brother of the seas he craves, To help him with auxiliary waves. Dryden. Auxi li A R Y Perb. A verb that helps to conjugate other verbs. In almost all languages, some of the commonest nouns and verbs have many irregularities; such are the common auxiliary verbs, to be and to love, to do and to be done, &c. JWatts.
Auxi Li Ao r1 on. m. s. [from auxiliatus, Lat.] Help: aid; succour. Dict. To Aw'A 1 r. v. a. [from a and wait. See Wait..] - 1. To expect; to wait for. - -Even as the wretch condemnod to lose his life Azwaits the falling of the murd'ring knife. - Fairfax. Betwixt the : pillars Gabriel sat, Chief of th' angelick guards, awaiting night. . Milton. 2. To attend; to be in store for. - To shew thee what reward . Awaits the good; the rest, what punishment. - Milton. Unless his wrath be appeased, an eternity of torments awaits the objects of his displeasure. w Rogers.
See WAIT." - And least mishap the most bliss alter may :
For thousand perils lie in close await About as daily, to work our decay. SpearerTo Awa’k E. v. ... peccian, Sax. To awake has the preterit awoke, or, as we now more commonly speak, awaked.] 1. To rouse out of *†: - Take heed, How you awake our sleeping sword of war. Shakspeare: Our friend Iazarus sleepeth; but I go that I may awake him out of sleep. john. 2. To raise from any state resembling sleep. Hark, hark, the horrid sound Has rais’d up his head As awak'd from the dead, And amaz'd he stares around. 3. To put into new action. The spark of noble courage now awałe, And strive your excellent self to excel. F. Queen. To Awa’k E. v. n. To break from sleep ; to cease to sleep. Alack, I am afraid they have awak'd, And t is not done. . . . Shakspeare's MacbetkI awaked up last of all, as one that gathereth after the grape-gatherers. EcclusAw A/KE. ads. from the verb.] Not being asleep ; not sleeping. Imagination is like to work better upon sleeping men, than men awake. Baron. lares shall not keep him on the throne awake, Nor break the golden slumbers he would take. Dryden. To Aw A/KEN. v. a. and v. n. The same with awake. - Awake Argantyr, Hervor the only daughter Of thee and Suafu doth awaken thee. Hickes. - The fair Repairs her smiles, awałent ev'ry grace, And calls forth all the wonders of her face. Pope. To Aw A/R D. v. a. [derived by Skinner, somewhat improbably, from peanb, Sax. toward.] To adjudge; to give anything by a judicial sentence. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is thine; The court awards it, and the law doth give it. Shakspeare. It advances that grand business, and according to which their eternity hereafter will be awarded. Decay of *::::
A church which allows salvation to none wit out it, nor awards damnation to almost an within it. South. Satisfaction for every affront cannot be arcarded by stated laws. Collier on DuellingTo Awa’s D. v. n. To judge ; to determine. Th' unwise award to lodge it in the tow’rs, An off'ring sacred. Pope's QāysseyAwa’R D. m. s. [from the verb.] Judgment ; sentence ; determination. Now hearth' award; and happy may it prove To her, and him who best deserves her love. . - Dryder. Affection bribes the judgment, and we cannot expect an equitable award, where the judge is made a party. Glanville. To urge the foe, Prompted by blind revenge and wild despair, Were to refuse th' awards of Providence. Aador. Aw A/R E. adv. [from a, and ware an old word for cautious ; it is however, perhaps, an adjective; 25¢panian, Sax.] Excited to caution; vigilant; in a state of alarm; attentive. -
Fre I was awar, I had left myself nothing
but the name of a king. idney. Ere sorrow was aware, they made his thoughts bear away something else besides his own sorrow. Sidney's Arcadia. Temptations of prosperity insinuate themselves; so that we are but little aware of them, and less able to withstand them. Atterbury. To Awa's E. v. n. To beware; to be cautious. So warn'd he them aware themselves; and . Instant, without disturb, they took alarm. - Milton's Paradise Lost. This passage is by others understood thus: He warned those, who were aware themselves. Aw A'y, adv. [ayeo, Saxon.] s. In a state of absence; not in any particular place. They could make Love to your dress, although your face were away. Ben 5. Cataline. It is impossible to know properties that are so annexed to it, that any of them being away, that essence is not there. Locke. 2. From any place or person. I have a pain upon my forehead here.— -Why that's with watching; 't will attay again. Shakspeare. When the fowls came down upon the carcases,
Abraham drove them away again. Genesis.
Summer suns roll unperceiv'd away. 3. Let us go. Azuay, old man; i. me thy hand; away; King Lear hath lost, he and his daughter ta'en; Give me thy hand. Come on. Shakup. King Lear. 4. Begone. Away, and glister like the god of war, Then he intendeth to become the field. Shakt. I'll to the woods among the happier brutes: Come, let's away; hark, the shrill horn resounds. Smith's Phaedra and Hippolitus. Away, you fiatt'rer' Nor charge his gen'rous meaning. Rowe's j. Sh. 5. Out of one's own hands; into the power of something else. It concerns every man, who will not trifle away his soul, and fool himself into irrecoverable misery, to enquire into these matters. Tillotion. 6. It is often used with a verb ; as, to drink away an estate ; to id/e away a manor;
that is, to drink or idle till an estate or’
manor is gone. He play’d his life away. Pope. 7. On the way; on the road: perhaps this is the original import of the following phrase: Sir Valentine, whither away so fast? Shakop. 3. Perhaps the phrase, he cannot away with, may mean, he cannot travel with 3 He cannot bear the company of. She never could away with me.—Never, never: she would always say, she could not abide master Shallow. Shakspeare. 9. Alway with. Throw away; take away. If you dare think of deserving our charms, Away with your sheephooks, and take to your arırıs. Dryden. AWE. m.s.[cze, o&a, Saxon.) Reverential fear; reverence. They all be brought up idly, without awe of parents, without precepts of masters, and without fear of offence. Soonser's State of Ireland.
This thought fixed upon him who is only to be feared, God; and yet with a filial fear, which at the same time both fears and loves. It was acve without amazement, and dread without distraction. South. What is the proper awe and fear, which is due from man to God 2 Rogers. To Aw E. v. a. from the noun.] To strike with reverence, or fear; to keep in subjection. If you will work on any man, you must either know his nature and fastions, and so lead him ; or his ends, and so persuade him; or his weaknesses and disadvantages, and so atte him; or those that have interest in him, and so govern him. o B.icon. Why then was this forbid? Why, but to aw: * Why, but to hop you low and ignorant, His worshippers: Milton. Heav'n that hath plac'd this island to give law, To balance Europe, and her states to atte. 14 cl!er. The rods and axes of princes, and their depities, may awe many into obedience ; but the fame of their goodness, justice, and other virtues, will work on more. Zitterbury. A'w E. BAN d. n.s.. [from awe and lard.]. A check. Dict. A“w ful. adj. [from a we and fos!..] 1. That strikes with awe, or fills with reVerence. So awful that with honour thou may'st love Thy mate; who sees, when thou art seen least wise. Milton's Paradise Lost. I approach thee thus, and gaze Insatiate; I thus single; nor have fear'd Thy awful brew, more areful thus retir’d, Fairest resemblance of thy Make; fair! Milton. 2. Worshipful; in authority; invested with dignity. This sense is obsolete. Know, then, that some of us are gentlemen, Such as the fury of ungovern'd youth Thrust from the company of awful men. Shaks.
3. Struck with awe ; timorous ; scrupu
lous. This sense occurs but rarely." It is not nature and strict reason, but a weak and so reverence for antiquity, and the vogue of fallible men. Jł'atts. A'w Fu Li. Y. adv. [from aggful..] In a rewerential manner. It will concern a man to treat this great frinciple awfully and warily, o still observing what it commands, but especially what it forbids. . South, A'w FUL N Ess. n. . [from aatsal.] 1. The quality of striking with awe; solemnity. These objects naturally raise seriousness; and night heightens the at fulness of the place, and pours out her supernumerary horrours upon everything. 2. The state of being struck with awe : little used. o An help to prayer, producing in us reverence and aofulness to the diving majesty of God; Taylor's Rule of living lo'y. To Aw HA'PE. v. a. [This word I have met with only in Spenger, nor can I discover whence it is derived; but imagine, that the Teutonic language had anciently wapen, to strike, or some such word, from which weapons, or offensive arms, took their denomination.] To strike ; to confound; to terrify,