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A poor ant carries a grain of corn, climbing up a wall with her head downwards and her buchid upwards. Addison. 3. The yard or ground behind a house. The wash of pastures, fields, commons, roads, streets, or backsides, are of great advantage to all sorts of land. ortimer. To BAcks Li'D E. v. n. (from back and slide.]. To fall off; to apostatize: a word only used by divines. Hast thou seen that which backsliding Israel hath done? She is gone up upon every high mountain, and under every green tree. <remiah. Backsli'DER. n... [from backslide.] An o he backslider in heart shall be filled. Proverbr. Backstaff. m. s. from back and staff; because, in taking an observation, the observer's back is turned toward, the sun.] An instrument useful in taking the sun's altitude at sea; invented by Captain Davies. A's Kst AIR s. n.s.. [from back and stairs..] The private stairs in the house. condemn the practice which hath lately crept into the court at J. backstairs, that some pricked for sheriffs get out of the bill. Bacon. BA'cks. Ays. n. . [from back and stay.] Ropes or stays which keep the masts of a ship from pitching forward or overboard. BA'cksworp. m.s.[from back and sword.] A sword with one sharp edge. Bull dreaded not old Lewis at backstvord. Arbuthnot Backward. Q adv. [from back, and BA'ckw A R Ds. pearb, Sax. that is, toward the back ; contrary to forward.] I. With the back forward. They went backward, and their faces were backward. Genesis. 2. Toward the back. In leaping with weights, the arms are first cast *ward, and then forward, with so much the greater force; for the hands go backward before they take their rise. Bacon. 3. On the back. Then darting fire from her malignant eyes, She cast him toward as he strove to rise. 1)ryden. 4. From the present station to the place beyond the back. se might have met them dareful, beard to beard, And beat them tech ward home. Shakspeare. The monstrous sight Struck them with horrour backward; but far worse Urg'd them behind. Milton. 5. Regressively. Are not the rays of light, in passing by the edges and sides of bodies, bent several times *wards and forwards with a motion like that of an eel ? IVewton.

6. Toward something past. To prove the possibility of a thing, there is no argument to that which looks tacewards ; for what has been done or suffered, may certainly be done or suffered again. South. 7. Reflexively. No, doubtless; for the mind can kickward cast Upon herself, her understanding light. Davies. *. From a better to a worse state.

The work went backward; and, the more he strove To advance the suit, the farther from her love. Dryden. 9. Past; in time past. They have spread one of the worst languages in the world, # we look upon it some reigns backward. ocke. 10. Perversely; from the wrong end. I never yet saw man, But she would spell him backward; if fair-fac'd, She'd swear the gentleman should be her sister; If black, why, nature, drawing of an antick, Made a foul blot; if tall, a launce ill-headed. Sbukpeare. BA'ck w A R D. adj. 4. Unwilling ; averse. Our mutability makes the friends of our nation backward to engage with us in alliances. Addison. We are strangely backward to lay hold of this safe, this only .. of cure. Atterbury. Cities laid waste, they storm'd the dens and caves; For wiser brutes are backward to be slaves. Pope. 2. Hesitating. All things are ready, if our minds be so: Perish the man whose mind is backward now. Shai-peare. . Sluggish ; dilatory. 3 }. is o, to undergo the fatigue of weighing every argument. W-its 4. Dull; not quick or apprehensive. It often falls out, that the backward learner makes amends another way. South. 5. Late ; coming after something else : as, backward fruits; backward children: fruits long in ripening; children slow of growth. BA'ck w A R D. m. s. The things or state behind or past : poetical. What seest thou else In the dark backward or abysm of time? Shakr. BA's Kw. A R P L v. adv. [from backward.] 1. Unwillingly ; aversely ; with the back forward. Like Numid lions by the hunters chas'd, Though they do fly, yet backwardly do go With proud aspect, disdaining greater hoste. Sidn 2. Perversely ; or with cold hope. - I was the first man That e'er received gift from him; And does he think so lackwardly of me, That I'll requite it last 2 Sławspeare. BA'ckw A R is N Ess. n. . [from backward.) 1. Dulness; unwillingness; sluggishness. The thing by which we are apt to cxcuse our larl oardness to good works, is the ili success that hath been observed to attend well designing charities. 4.-rbury. 2. Sowness of progression ; tardiness. BA's o N. m. s. [probably from baken, that is, dried flesh.] 1. The flesh of a hog salted and dried. High o'er the heart" 2 chine of f is a nung; Good c'. Philemon seiz'd it with a prong, T.ien cut a slice. Dryden. 2. 'i o save the occan, is a phrase for preservio: one's self from being hurt; borrowed from the care of house'vives in the country, whore they have seldom any other provision in the house than dricii bacon, to secure it from the marching soldiers.

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distances by one or more staves. Dict. BAD. adj. [quaad, Dutch: compar. worses supers. worst.] 1. Ill; not good : a general word used in regard to physical or moral faults, either of men or things. Most men have politicks enough to make, through violence, the best scheme of government a bad one. Pope. 2. Witious; corrupt. Thou may'st repent, ..And one bad act, with many deeds well done, May'st cover. Milton. Thus will the latter, as the former, world Still tend from bad to worse. JMilton. Our o: fates Mix thee amongst the Bad, or make thee run Too near the paths which virtue bids thee shun. Prior. 3. Unfortunate; unhappy. The sun his annual course obliquely made, Good days contracted, and enlarg’d the bad. Dryden. 4. Hurtful; unwholesome; mischievous; pernicious: with for. Reading was bad for his eyes; writing made his head ake. Addison. 5. Sick: with of; as, bad of a fewer. BA D. - |BA D E. The preterit of bid. And, for an earnest of greater honour, He borde me, from him, call thee Thane of Cawdor. Shakspeare. BADG E. m. s. [A word of uncertain etymology; derived by junius from hode or bade, a messenger, and supposed to be corrupted from badage, the credential of a messenger; but taken by Skinner and Minsheav from hagghe, Dutch, a jewell, or bague, Fr. a ring. It seems to come from basuso, to carry, Lat.] * A mark or cognizance worn to show the relation of the wearer to any person or thing. But on his breast a bloody cross he bore, The dear resemblance of his o: lord; For whose sweetsake that glorious badge he wore. Spenser. The outward splendour of his office, is the $adge and token of that sacred characto which he inwardly bears. Atterbury. 3. A token by which one is known. A savage tygress on her helmet lies; The famous badgeClarinda us’d to bear. Fairfax. 3. The mark or token of any thing. * There appears much joy in him; even so much that joy could not shew itself modest enough, without a badge of bitterness. Shakspeare. Sweet mercy is nobility's true badge. Shakop. Let him not bear the badges of a wreck, Norbeg with a blue table on his back. Dryden. To BA D G E. v. a. [from the noun.] To mark as with a badge. Your royal father's murder'd —Oh, by whom? Those of his chamber, as it seem’d, had done 't:

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ert.Badly, I fear. How fares your majesty? So, BA’d Soss. n. . [from bad.]. want of good qualities, cither natural or moral; desert; depravity. s It was not your brother's evil disposition made him seek his death; but a provoking merit, setwork by a reproveable hadness in himself. Spes. There is one convenience in this city, which makes some amends for the badness of the purement. - Addison on Italy. I did not see how the badness of the weather could be the king's fault. Aahoo. To BA/FF LE. v. a. shaffer, Fr.] 1. To elude ; to make ineffectual. They make a shift to think themselves guiltless, in spite of all their sins; to break the precept, and at the same time to baffe the ‘. Setti. He hath deserved to have the grace withdrawn, which he hath so long offed and defied. Attork 2. To confound ; to defeat with some confusion, as by perplexing or amusing: to baffle is sometimes less than to conquer.

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1. A sack, or pouch, to put anything in,
as money, corn.
Cousin, away for England; haste before,
And, ere our coming, see thou shake the

& r Of ho abbots; their imprison'd angels §e; thou at liberty. Shakspeare. What is it that opens thy mouth in praises? is it that thy bag, and thy barns are full South. Waters were inclosed within the earth, as in a bag. s Burnet. Once, we confess, beneath the patriot's cloak, From the crack'd bag the droppingguinea o: ope. 3. That part of animals in which some particular juices are contained, as the poison of vipers. The swelling poison of the several sects, Which, wanting vent, the nation's health infects, Shall burst its bag. - Dryden. Sing on, sing on, for I can ne'er be cloy'd; So may thy cows their burden'd bags *; - ryaen. 3. An ornamental purse of silk tied to men's hair. We saw a young follow riding towards us full gallop, with a bob wig and black silken bag tied to it. Addison. 4. A term used to signify different quantities of certain commodities; as, a bag of pepper, a bag of hops. , To Bag. v. a. [from the noun.] 1.To put into a bag. Accordingly he drain'd those marshy grounds, And tagg's them in a blue cloud. Dryden. Hopsought not to be bagged up hot. Mortimer. 2. To lead with a bag. Like a bee, fogg’d with his honey'd venom, e brings it to your hive. Dryden. To BAG. v. n. To swell like a full bag. The skin seem'd much contracted, yet it bag£ed, and had a porringer full of matter in it. a fewtoo. Two kids that in the valley stray'd I found by chance, and to my fold convey'd : They drain two bagging udders everyday. Dryd. * GA. Elle. m. s. [bagatelle, Fr.] A trifle; a thing of no importance : a word not naturalized. Heaps of hair rings and cypher'd seals; ich trifles, serious bagateller. rior. *ggage. n. . [from bag; baggage, Fr.] * The furniture and utensils of an army. e army was an hundred and seventy thou:and footmen, and twelve thousand horsemen, beside the begg or. - judith. Riches are th: have re of virtue; they cannot be spared, nor left be ind, but they hinder the marsh. Bacon. They were probably .. : readiness, and terried among the baggage of the army. no go; Addison on Italy. * The goods that are to be carried away, as bag and bazgage. Dolabella designed, when his affairs grew desperate in Egypt, to pack up bag and baggage, sail for Italy. rbuthnot. 3. A worthless woman: in French bagaste: so called, because such women follow camps. . A spark of indignation did rise in her, not to suffer such a baggage to win away any o: of rs. Sidney. When this tazgoge meets with a man who has **mity to credit islations, she turns him to acCount. Spectator.

BA'G's so. n. . [bagno, Ital, a bath. A
house for bathing, sweating, and other-
wise cleansing the body.
I have known two instances of malignant fe-
vers produced by the hot air of a bagnio. Arbuth.
B'A GP1 PE. n. . [from bag and pipe ; the
wind being received in a bag..] A mu-
sical instrument, consisting of a leathera
bag, which biows up like a foot-ball,'
by means of a port-vent or little tube
fixed to it, and stopped by a valve ;
and three pipcs or flutes, the first called,
the great pipe or drone, and the second
the little one, which pass the wind out
only at the bottom; the third has a
reed, and is played on by compressing
the bag under the arm, when full ; and
opening or stopping the holes, which
are eight, with the fingers. The bag-
pipe takes in the compass of three
Octaves. Chambers.
No banners but shirts, withsome bad ba piper
instead of drum and fife. idney.
He heard a bagpipe, and saw a general animat-
ed with the sound. Addison's Freeholder.
BA G pi'PE R. n. 4. [from bagpipe.] One
that plays on a bagpipe.
Some that will evermore o thro' their eyes,
And laugh, like parrots, at a agpiper. Shakup.
BAGUE/ITE. m. s. [Fr. a term of archi-
tecture.] A little round moulding, less
than an astragal; sometimes carved and
enriched.
To BAIGN. E. v. a. sbagner, Fr.] To
drench ; to soak. Out of use.
The women forslow not to baigaethem, unless
they plead their heels, with a worse perfume
than Jugurth found in the dungeon. Careze.
BAI l. n.s. [Of this word the etymolo-
gists give many derivations; it seems to
come from the French bailler, to put
into the hand; to deliver up, as a man
delivers himself up in surety.]
Bail is the freeing or setting at liberty one ar-
rested or imprisoned upon action either civil or
criminal, under security taken for his appear-
ance. There is both common and jo :
common bail is in actions of small prejudice, or
slight proof, called common, because any sure-
ties in that case are taken: whereas upon causes
of greater weight, or apparent speciality, praial
bail or surety must be taken. There is a dif-
ference between buil and mainprise; for he that
is mainprised is at large until the day of his ap-
pearance: but where a man is bailed, he is
always accounted by the law to be in their wari
and custody for the time : and the may, if they
will, keep him in ward or in prison at that timé,
or otherwise at their will. Cowell.
Worry'd with debts, and past all hopes of dail,
Th’ unpity'd wretch lies rotting in a jail. Rose.
And o with presents; or, when presents
fail,
They send their prostituted wives for bail. Drya.
To BAIL. v.a. [from the noun.]
1. To give bail for another.
Let me be their bail;
They shall be ready at your highness' will,
To answer their suspicioi
Thou shalt not bail them.
2. To admit to bail -
When they had bailed the twelve bishops wh
were in the Tower, the house of commous, in

Shal. Tit. And.

t indignation, caused them immediately to recommitted to the Tower. Careason. BA'i la B.L.E. adj. [from bai/.] That may be set at liberty by bail or sureties. BA'ili P F. n. 4. [a word of doubtful etymology in itself, but borrowed by us from hailsie, Fr.] 1. A subordinate officer. Lausanne is under the canton of Berne, governed by a bailiff sent every three years from the senate of Berne. -ludison. 2. An officer whose business it is to cxecute arrests. It many times happeneth, that, by the undersheriffs and their ...}. owner hath incurred the forfeiture, before he cometh to the knowledge of the process that runneth against him. Bacon.

A bailiff, by mistake, seized you for a debtor, .

and kept you the whole evening in a spunging house. - Soft. Swift as a bard the bailiff leaves behind. Pope. 3. An under steward of a manor. BA'ili wick, n.s.. [of baillie, Fr. and bic, Sax.] The place of the jurisdiction of a bailiff within his hundred, or the lord’s franchise. It is that liberty which is exempted from the sheriff of the county, over which the lord of the liberty appointeth a bailiff. Coove//. A proper officer is to walk up and down his bailiwicks. Spenter. There issued writs to the sheriffs, to return the names of the several land-owners in their several bailiwicks. Hale. To BAIT. v. a. [bazan, Saxon; baitzen, German.] 1. To put meat upon a hook, in some place, to tempt fish, or other animals. Oh cunning enemy, that, to catch a saint, With saints dost bait thy hook! most dangerous Is that temptation that doth goad us on ` To sin in loving virtue. Shakspeare. Let's be revenged on him; let's appoint him a meeting, give him a show of comfort in his suit, and lead him on with a sure baited delay, till he hath pawned his horses to mine host of the garter. Shako, Merry Wives of Windoor. Many sorts of fishes feed upon insects, as is well known to anglers, who bait their hooks with them. Ray. How are the sex improv’d in am’rous arts : What new-found snares they bait for human hearts! Gay. 2. To give meat to one’s self, or horses, on the road. What so strong, But, wanting rest, will also want of might? The sun, that measures heaven all day long, At night doth bait his steeds the ocean waves among. Spenser. To BA it. v. a. [from battre, Fr. to feat.j I. To attack with violence. Who seeming sorely chaffed at his band, As chained bear, whom cruel dogs do bait, With idle force did fain them to withstand. Fairy Queen. I will not yield To kiss the ground before young Malcolin'sfeet; And to be baited with the rabble's curse. Shaks. 2. To harass by the help of others; as we bait a boar with mastiffs, but a bull with bull-dogs.

To BAit. v. n. To stop at any place for

refreshment: perhaps this word is more properly bate, to abate speed.

But our desires tyrannical extortion Doth forceusthere to set our chief delightfulnes, Where but a baiting place is all our portion, Sidery, As one who on his journey bait; at noon, Tho' bent, on speed: so here th' archangel paus'd. Milton. In all our journey from London to his house, we did not so much as lait at a whig inn. Addio. To BA 1 r. v. n. [as a hawk.] To clap the wings; to make an offer of flying; to flutter. All plum'd like estridges, that with the wind Boited like eagles having lately bath'd; Glitttering in golden coats like images. Shahr. Hood my unmann'dbloodžaiting in my cheeks wo thy black mantle; till strange love grown old, Thinks true love acted simple modesty. Shek. Another way I have to man my haggard, To make her come, and know her keeper's call; That is, to watch her as we watch these kites, That bait and beat, and will not be obedient. Shalopeant. BA it. m. s. [from the verb.] I. Meat set to allure fish, or other animals, to a snare. The pleasant'st angling is to see the fish Cut with her golden oars the silver stream, And greedily devour the treacherous bait. Shek 2. A temptation; an enticement; allurement. And that same gloriousbeauty's idle boast Is but a bait such wretches to beguile. Speat". Taketh therewith the souls of men, is with the baits. Hocker. , Sweet words, I grant, baits and allurement; sweet, But greatest hopes with greatest crosses meet. Fairfix. Fruit, like that Which grew in Paradise, the bait of Eve. Us'd by the tempter. Milter. Secure from £ion pride's affected state, And specious flattery's more pernicious bait. Atascertoo. . Her head was bare, But for her native ornament of hair, Which in a simple knot was tied above: Sweet negligence unheeded bait of love! Dryá. Grant that others could with equal glory Look down on pleasures, and the baits of sense. .icies. 3. A refreshment on a §. BAize. n.s. A kind of coarsé open cloth stuff, having a long map ; sometimes frized on one side, and sometimes not frized. This stuff is without wale, being wrought on a loom with two treddles, like flannel. Chambers. To BA KE. v. a. part. pass. baked or bake": [baccan, Sax. becken, Germ. suppose by Wachter to come from bec, which, is the Phrygian language, signified bread.) 1. To heat any thing in a close place; generally in an oven. He will take thereof, and warm himself: Yoo he kindleth it, and baketh bread. Iaiso, The difference of prices of bread proceeded from their delicacy in bread, and perhaps some thing in their manner of baking. Arbuthno".

2. To harden in the fire.

The work of the fire is a kind of Baling; and whatsoever the fire baketh, time doth in some degree dissolve. Jason

3. To harden with heat.

With vehement suns When dusty summer lakes the crumbling clods, How pleasant is 't, beneath the twisted arch To ply the sweet carouse ! Philipi. The sun with flaming arrows pierc'd the flood, And, darting to the bottom, lak'd the mud. Dryden. 7% BA k E. v. m. 1. To do the work of baking. I keep his house, and I wash, wring, brew, bake, scour, dress meat, and make the beds, and do all myself. Soak-pear. 2. To be heated or baked. Fillet of a fenny snake In the cauldron boil and hake. Shakspears. BA K E D Meats. Meats dressed by the oven. There be some houses wherein sweetmeats will relent, and baked meats will mould, more than others. - Bacon. BA'i. F. Hous F. n.s.. [from bake and house.] A place for baking bread. I have marked a willingness in the Italian artizans, to distribute the kitchen, pantry, and bakebouse, under ground. Wotton. Ba’k EN. The participle from To bake. There was a cake baken on the coals, and a cruse of water, at his head. 1 Kings. BA’k E is. n.s.. [from To bake.] He whose trade is to bake. In life and health, every, man must proceed upon trust, there being no knowing the intention of the cook or baker. South. BA'l AN ce. n. 4. [balance, Fr. bilanx, Lat.] . . . . 1. One of the six simple powers in mechanicks, used principally for determining the difference of weight in heavy bodies. It is of several forms. Chambers. 2. A pair of scales. A balance of power, either without or within a state, is best conceived by considering what the nature of a balance is. It sup ii. three things; first, the part which is held, together with the hand that bells it; and then the two scales, with whatever is weighed therein. Soft. For when on ground the burden b.l.ince lies, The empty part is lified up the higher. Sir j. Davies. 3. A metaphorical balance, or the mind employed in comparing one thing with another. I have in equal balance justly weigh'd What wrong our arms nay do, what wrongs we suffer: Griefs heavier than our offences. Shakspeare.

4. The act of comparing two things, as by the balance. Comfort arises not from others being miserable, but from this inference upon the tience, that we suffer only the lot of nature. L’Estrange. Upon a fair balance of the advantages on either side, it will appear, that the rules of the gospel are more powerful means of conviction than such message. Atterbury. 3.The overplus of weight; that ..". by which, of two things weighed together, one exceeds the other. Care being taken, that the exportation exceed in value the importation; and then the balance of trade must of necessity be returned in coin or ion. Bacon's Złowice to Pilliers. * That which is wanting to make two parts of an account even; as, he stated

the account with his correspondent, - and paid the balance. 7. Equipoise; as, balance of power. the second sense. Love, hope, and joy, fair pleasure's smiling train : . Hate, for, and grief, the family of pain; , These, mix'd withart, and to due boundsconfin'd, Make and maintain the balance of the mind.

Pope. 8. The beating part of a watch. It is but supposing that all watches, whilst the balanc, beats, think; and it is sufficiently proved, that my watch thought all last night. Locke. 9. [In astronomy. One of the twelve signs of the zodiack, commonly called Libra. Or wilt thou warm our summers with thy rays, And seated near the balance poise the days? ryder.

See

To BA/LAN cf. v. a. [balancer, Fr.] 1. To weigh in a balance, either real or figurative; to compare by the balance. If men would but balance the good and the evil of things, they would not venture soul and body for dirty interest. L'Estrange. 2. To regulate the weight in a balance; to keep in a state of just proportion. Heav'n that hath plac'd this island to give law, To balance Europe, and her states to awe. Waller. 3. To counterpoise ; to weigh equal too; to be equipollent ; to counteract. The attraction of the glass is balanced, and rendered ineffectual, by the contrary attraction of the liquor. Newtoo. 4. To regulate an account, by stating it on both sides. * Judging is his incing an account, and determining on which side the odds lie. Locke. 5. To pay that which is wanting to make the two parts of an account equal. Give him leave To balance the account of Blenheim's day. Prior. Though I am very well satisfied, that it is not in my power to balance accounts with my Maker, sain resolved, however, to turn all my endeavours that way. Addison's Spectator. , To BA (LA's c : , v. n. To hesitate; to flectuate between equal motives, as a balance plays when charged with equal weights. Were the satisfaction of lust, and the joys of heaven, offered to any one's present possession, he would not belanc., or err, in the deterinination of his choice. Locke. Since there is nothing that can offend, I see no: why you should balance a moment about printing it." Atterbury to Pope. BA'LAN co. R. n. 4. [from balance.] The person that weighs anything. B.A(L'Ass Ruby. m. s. [balas, Fr. supposed to be an Indian term. A kind of ruby. Boot ruly is of a crimson colour, with a cast of o and seems best to answer the description of the ancients. Woodward on Fossils. To B Albu’c NAT E. l. v. n. [from ballowTo BAI. BU’t I AT E. tio, Latin.] To stammer in speaking. - Dict, Balco's Y. m. s. [balcon, Fr. balcone, Ital.] A frame of iron, wood, or stone, before the window of a room. Then pleasure came, who, liking not the fishion, Began to make balconies, terraces, Till she had weaken'd all by alteration. Heroert,

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