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The genius of Raphael having succeeded to the times of barbarism and ignorance, the knowledge of painting is now arrived to perfection. Dryden's 1) fresnoy, Proface. 3. Brutality ; savageness of manners; incivility. Moderation ought to be had in temperirg and managing the Irish, to bring them from their delight of licentious barbarism unto the love of goodness and civility. Sponser's Ireland. Livers great monarchies have risen from barBarism to civility, and fallen again to ruin. - 10avies on Ireland. 4. Cruelty; barbarity; unpitying hardness of heart. Not in use. They must perforce have melted, And barbarium itself have pitied him. Shakop. BARBA'RIT Y. m. ... [from barbarous.] 1. Savageness; incivility. #. Cruelty; inhumanity. And they did treat him with all the rudeness, reproach, and barbarity, imaginable. Clarendon. 3. Barbarism ; impurity of speech. Next Petrarch follow'd, and in him we see "What rhyme, improv’d in all its height, can be; At best a pleasing sound, and sweet barbarity. - Dryden. Latin expresses that in one word, which either e barbarity or narrowness of modern tongues sannot supply in more. Dryden. Affected refinements, which ended by degrees in many barbarities, before the Goths had invaded Italy. Soft. BARBAROUS. adj. [harbare, Fr. £o:&:3. J 1. Stranger to civility; savage; uncivilized. - What need I say more to you? What ear is so Barbarous but o heard of Amphialus? Sidney. The doubtful damsel dare not yet commit Her single person to their barbarous truth. Fairy Queen. Thou art a Roman; be not barbarous. Slakop. He left governour, Philip, for his country a Phrygian, and for manners inore barbarous than he § set him there. - Macc. A barbarous country must be broken by war, before it be capable of government; and when subdued, if it be not well planted, it will oftsoons return to barbarism. Lavies on Ireland. 3. 'o. unacquainted with arts. They who restored painting in Germany, not having those reliques of antiquity, retained that barbarous manner. Dryden. 3. Cruel ; inhuman. By their harbarous usage, he died within a few days, to the grief of all that knew him. Clarendon. BA/R BA Rous I.Y. adv. [from barbarous.] 1. Ignorantly ; without knowledge or arts. 2. In a manner contrary to the rules of speech. We harbarantly call them blest, While swelling coffers break their owners rest. Stepney. 3. Cruelly; inhumanly. . But yet you barbarously murder'd him. Dryd. She wishes it may prosper; but her mother used one of her nieces very barbarously. Spectator. BA’R BA Rous N Ess. n. J. [from barbarous.] * 1. Incivility of manners. Excellencies of musick and poetry are grown to be little more but the one fiddling, and the sther rhiming; and are indeed very worthy of
the ignorance of the fiar, and the barbarous-zir of the Goths. Teaple, 2. Impurity of language. It is much degenerated, as touching the pureness of speech; being overgrown with barbarootstrff. Brerewood. 3. Cruelty. The barbarousness of the trial, and the persuasives of the clergy, prevailed to antiquate it. Hale's Common Law. To BA’R BECU E. v. a. A term used in the West Indies for dressing a hog whole ; which, being split to the backbone, is laid flat upon a large gridiron, raised about two feet above a charcoal fire, with which it is surrounded. Oldfield, with more than harpy throat endued, Cries, Send me, gods, a whole hog barbecued. Pope. BA/R H Ecu E. m. s. A hog drest whole, in the West Indian manner. BA/R BE D. part. adj. [from To barb.] I. Furnished with armour. His glittering armour he will command to rust, His barbed steeds to stables. Shakspear. 2. Bearded; jagged with hooks or points. If I conjecture right, no drizzling show'r, But rattling storm of arrows barb'd with fire. A silton, BA/R BE L. m. s. [barbus, Lat.] 1. A kind of fish found in rivers, large and strong, but coarse. The barbel is so called, by reason of the birb or wattels at his mouth, or under his chaps. W.itor's Angler. 2. Knots of superfluous flesh growing up in the channels of the mouth of a horse. Farrier's Dict, BA’RE E R. m. s. [from To barb.] A man who shaves the beard. His chamber being stived with friends or suitors, he gave his legs, arms, and breasts, to his servants to dress; his head and face to his Aarher, his eyes to his letters, and his ears to petitioners, #'attan, Thy boist'rous looks, No worthy match for valour to assail, But by the barber's razor best subdued. Milies. What system, Dick, has right averr'd The cause why woman has no beard? In points like these we must agree, Our barber knows as much as we. Prior, To BA/R BER. v. a. [from the noun..] To dress out; to powder. Our courteous Antony, Whom ne'er the word of No woman heard speak, Being barber'd ten times o'er, goes to the feast. Shakspeara BAR BER-CH 1 R U R G EoN. n.s. A man who joins the practice of surgery to the barber's trade; such as were all surgeons formerly, but now it is used only for a low practiser of surgery. He put himself into orbér-chirurgeons hands, who, by unfit applications, rarified the tumour. Wiseman's Surgery. BAR BE R-Mo.N GE R. m. s. A word of reproach in Shakspeare, which seems to signify a fop ; a man decked out by his barber, Draw, you rogue; for though it be night, the moon shines; I'll make a sop of the moonshine of you; you whoreson, cullionly, Aarberoneog” draw, Stalfiaro, King Lo".
BA'Rher RY. m. s. [berberis, Lat, or oxya-
re. Sometimes it has of before the thing
2. ‘Inc tog bought or sold; a purchase; tle thing purchased.
Cove no out my pric: for the other two, and yoa's even have that into the bargain. L'Extr. 11 : voo is at the charge of a tutor at home, may give hio on a more genreel carriage, with protor learning into the bargain, than any at school can do. Locke.
2. Stipulation : interested dealing. There was a difference between courtesies received from their master and the duke; for that the duke's might have ends of ptility and bargain, whereas their master's could not. Bacon. 4. An unexpected reply, tending to ob
scenity. Where cold he bargains, whipstitch Dryden. As to bargains, few of them seem to be excellent, because they all terminate into one single joint. Swift. No maid at court is left asham'd,
Howe'er for selling bargain, fam'd. 5. An event; an upshot: a low sense. I am sorry for thy misfortune; however, we must make the best of a bad bargain. Artuthnot. 6. In law. Lurgain and sale is a contract or agreement
Wand'ring in the dark, Physicians for the tree have found the 53rk. Do 2. A small ship. [from barra, low Lat. The duke of Parma must have town, if he would have come into England; for he could neither get bark nor mariner to put to sea. Baces. It was that fatal and perfidious bark, Built in th’cclipse, and rigg’d with curses disk, That sunk so low that sacred head of thine 14. Who to a woman trusts his peace of mind, Trusts a frail bark with a tempestuous wind. - Granvik. To BAR K. v. m. [beoncan, Saxon.] 1. ‘To make the noise which a dog makes when he threatens or pursues. - Sent before my time Into this breathing world, scarce half made up, And that so lamely and unfashionably That dogs bars at me. Shakspeare's Rickard II: Why do your dogs bark so? be there bears i'th town: , Shałop. Merry Poovo of #indi. In vain the herdman calls him back again;
- The dogs stand off afar, and bari invain. Cowky.
2: To clamour at ; to pursue with re-
3. Sprat barley or battledoor-barley. All these
sorts of barley are sown in the spring of the year, in a dry time. In some ory dry light land, the rley is sown early in March; but in strong , clayey soils it is not sown till April. The squary bailo or fig is chiefly cultivated in the north of England, and in Scotland; and is hardiothon the other sorts. - - Miller. Barley is emollient, moistening, and expectorating; barley was chosen by Hippocrates as a proper food in inflammatory distempers. Arbuthnot on Aliments. Barley B Roth. n.s.. [from barley and broth.] A low word sometimes used for strong beer. Can sodden water, . Adrench for surreyn'd jades, their barley broth, Decoct their cold blood to such valiant heat? - Shakpore. BAR loy cor N. m. s...[from barley and corn.] A grain of barley; the beginning of our measure of length; the third part of an inch. - - - - - A long, long journey, choak'd with breaks and thorns, - Tilmeasur’d by ten thousand barley-corns.T. &c'. BAR lov Mow. n. . [from barley, and mow.] The place where reaped barley is stowed up. whenever by yen barley mov I pass,
BA'R Ley BRAKE.. n. s. A kind of rural
being always equal to the weight of the incumbent atmosphere. The measuring the heights of mountains, and finding the elevation of places above the level of the sea, hath been much promoted by barometrical experiorents, founded upon that essential or roo of the air, its gravity or pressure. As the coron of mercury in the haran ter is counterposed by a column of air of “nal weight, so whatever causes make the air heavior or lighter, tle pressure of it will be thereby increased or lessened, and of consequence ti.e. mercury will rise or fall. Harris. Gravity is another property of air, whereby it counterpoises a column of mercury from twenty-seven inches and one half to thirty and one half, the gravity of the atmosphere varying one tenth, which are its utmost limits; so that the exact specifick gravity of the air can be determined when the Aarometer stands at thirty inches, with a moderate heat of the weatier. Airbuionot. BA Row Eor Ric A. L. a.o. (from barometer.] Relating to the barometer. Ie is very accurate in making baromefrical and thermometiical instruments. D, rbara. BA'RON. m. s. [The etymology of this word is very uncertain. Baro, among the Romans, signified a brave warrior, or a brutal man; and, from the first of these significations, Menage derives baron, as a term of military dignity. Others suppose it originally to signify only a man, in which sense baron, or varon, is still used by the Spaniards; and, to conf: m this conjecture, our law yet uses baron and femme, husband and wife. Others deduce it from ber, an old Gaulish word, signifying commander ; others from the Hebrew 755, of the same import. Some think it a contraction of par hommie, or peer, which seems least probable.] i. A degree of nobility next to a viscount. It may be probably thought, that anciently, in England, all those were called barons, that had *: signiories as we now call court barons; and it is said, that, after the conquest, all such came to the parliament, and sat as nobles in the upper house. But when, by experience, it appeared that the parliament was too much crowded with such multitudes, it became a custom, that none should come but such as the king, for their extraordinary wisdom or quality, thought good to rall by writ; which writ ran has Joe tention. After that, men seeing that this state of nobility was but casual, and depending merely on the prince's pleasure, obtained of the king letters patent of this dignity to them and their heirs male; and these were called barons by letters Watent, or by creation, whose postility are now those barons that are called }. of the parliament; of which kind the king may create more at his pleasure. It is nevertheless thought, that there are yet barcos by writ, as well as barons by letters patent, and that they may be discerned by, their titles; the baron; by writ being those that, to the title of lord have their bwn surnames annexed; whereas the barons by letters patent are named by their baronies. These borong, which were first by writ, may now justly also be called barons by prescription; for that they have continued barons, in themselves and their ancestors, beyond the meto: man. There are also barons by tenure, *s the bishops of the laud, who, by virtue of
baromies annexed to their bishopricks, hare * ways had place in the upper house of parliament, and are called lords spiritual. Cowell, 2. Baron is an officer, as barons of the exchequer to the king : of these the principal is called lord chief baron, and the three others are his assistants, between the king and his subjects, in causes of
justice belonging to the exchequer. 3. There are also barons of the cinque ports; two to each of the seven towns, Hastings, Winchelsea, Rye, Rumney, Hithe, Dover, and Sandwich, that have places in the lower house of parliament. Cowell.
They that bear
The cloth of state above, are four baron: Of the conque ports. Shui poerr. 4. Baron is used for the husband in rekation to his wife. Cowell. 5. A Baron of Beef is when the two sixloins are not cut asunder, but joined
together by the end of the backbone.
BA'ro N A G E. m. s. [from baron.] 1. The body of barons and peers. His charters of the liberties of England, and of the forest, were hardly, and with difficulty, gained by his baronage at Staines, A. D. 1:33. Haie, 2. The dignity of a baron. 3. The land which gives title to a baron. BA'Ro N Ess. n. 4. [baronesia, Ital, baromissa, Lat..] A baron's lady. BA'Ros E.T. m. s. [of baron, and et diminutive termination.] The lowest degree of honour that is hereditary: it is below a baron and above a knight; and has the precedency of all other knights, except the knights of the garter. It was first founded by king James I. in 1611. Cowell. 13ut it appears by the following passage, that the term was in use before, though in another sense. King Edward III., being bearded and crossed by the clergy, was advised to direct out his writs to certain gentlemen of the best abilities, ontitling them therein barons in the next prliament. By which means he had so many barons in his parliament, as were able to weigh down the clergy; which barons were not afterwards lords, but baronets, as sundry of them do yet retain the name. Spenstr. BA/R o NY. n. f. [baronnie, Fr. bednny, Sax. The honour or lordship that gives title to a baron. Such are not only the focs of temporal barons, but of bishops also. Cowell. BA'Rosco PE. m.s. (£4;3° and oxzie'.] An instrument to show the weight of the atmosphere. See BA Rom E T E R. If there was always a calm, the equilibrium could only be changed by the contents; where the winds are not variable, the alterations of the baroscope are very small. Arbuthnet. BA'RR Ac AN. m. s... [bouracan, or barracam, French..] A strong thick kind of camelot. BA’s R Ack, n.s.. [barracca, Span.]
1. Little cabins made by the Spanish fish?