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eleven holes, which are stopped like other large flutes; its diameter at bottom is nine inches, and it serves for the bass in concerts of hautboys, &c. - Trevoux. BA'STARD. m. s. [bastardd, Welsh, of low birth; bastarde, Fr.] 1. Bastard, according to the civil and canon law, is a person born of a woman out of wedlock, or not married; so that, according to order of law, his father is not known. Ayliffe. Him to the Lydian king Lycimnia bare, And sent her boasted bastard to the war. Dryd. a. Any thing spurious or false. Words But rooted inyour tongue; bastard, and syllables Of no allowance to your bosom's truth. Slakop. 3. A kind of sweet wine. Score a pint of bastardThenyourbrown bastardisyour only drink. Shak. BA's TARD. ad. [from the noun.] 1. Begotten out of wedlock; illegitimate. Peace is a very apoplexy, lethargy, insensible, a getter of more battard children than war's a destroyer of men. Shakspeare. 2. Spurious; not genuine; supposititious; false; adulterate. In this sense, any thing which bears some relation or resemblance to another, is called spurious or bastard. You may partly hope that your father got you not, that you are not the Jew's daughter. That were a kind of bastard hope indeed. Shakspeare. Men who, under the disguise of publick good, ursue their own designs of power, and such §. honours as attend them. BA's TARD Cedar Tree. [called guazuma in the West Indies.] To BA's TAR D. v. n. [from the noun..] To convict of being a bastard; to stigmatize with bastardy. She lived to see her brother beheaded, and her two sons deposed from the crown, bautarged in their blood, and cruelly murdered. To BA's T A R D iz E. v. a. [from bastard.] . 1. To convict of being a bastard. 3. To beget a bastard. I should have been what I am, had the maidenliest star in the firmament twinkled on my bastardizing. Shakspeare. BA’st ARD ly, adv.[from bastard.] In the manner of a bastard; spuriously. Good seed degenerates, and off obeys The soil's disease, and into cockle strays; Let the mind's thoughts but be transplanted so Into the body, and battardly they grow. Donne. BA's TARD Y. n. 4. [from bastard.] An unlawful state of birth, which disables the bastard, both according to the laws of God and man, from succeeding to an inheritance. Ayliffe. Once she slander'd me with bastardy; But whether I be true begot, or no, That still I lay upon my mother's head. Shalf. In respect of the evil consequents, the wife's adultery is worse, as bringing battardy into a family. Taylor. No more of bastardy in heirs of crowns. Pope. , To Bast E. v. a. part. pass. basted, or batten. [bastonner, Fr. Bazata, in the Armorick dialect, signifies to strike with a stick; from which perhaps baston,



a stick, and all its derivatives, or laterals, may be deduced.] 1. To beat with a stick. Quoth she, I grant it is in vain For one that's basted to feel pain; Because the pangs his bones endure Contribute nothing to the cure. Bastings heavy, dry, obtuse, Only dulness can produce ; While a little gentle jerking Set the spirits all a-working. Swift. 2. To drip butter, or any thing else, upon meat as it turns upon the spit. Sir, I think the meat wants what I have, a batting. Shai peare. 3. To moisten meat on the spit by melted fat falling upon it. The fat of roasted mutton falling on the birds, will serve to baite them, and so save time and butter. Swift. 4. To sew slightly. [baster, Fr. to stitch.] o E. #::::::::::: n.s. sbastonnade, Fr.] 1. The act of beating with a cudgel; the blow given with a cudgel. But this courtesy was worse than abastinadets Zelmane; so with rageful eyes she bade him defend himself. Sidney. And all those harsh and rugged sounds Of bastinador, cuts, and wounds. Hudibrar. 2. It is sometimes taken for a Turkish punishment, of beating an offender on the soles of his feet. To BAst INA’d E. lv.a. [from the noun; To BASTIN A'do.'s bastonner, Fr.] Te beat ; to treat with the bastinado. Nick seized the longer end of the cudgel, and with it began to bastinado old Lewis, who had slunk into a corner, waiting the event of a squabble. Aroutloot. BA's Tio N. m. s. [bastion, Fr.] A huge mass of earth, usually faced with sods, sometimes with brick, rarely with stone, standing out from a rampart, of which it is a principal part, and was anciently called a bulwark. Harris. Toward; but how 2 ay, there's the question; Fierce the assault, unarm'd the bastion. Prier. *BAT. n. 4. [bat, Sax. This word seems to have given rise to a great number of words in many languages; as, battre, Fr. to beat ; baton, battle, beat, Aarty, and others. It probably signified a weapon that did execution by its weight, in opposition to a sharp edge; whence whirlbat and brickbat..] A heavy stick

or club. A handsome bat he held, On which he leaned, as one far in eld. Sperrer. They were fried in arm chairs, and their bones broken with bats. Hairtrill.

BAT. n. 4. [vespertilio, the etymology unknown.] An animal having the body of a mouse and the wings of a bird; not with feathers, but with a sort of skin which is extended. It lays no eggs, but brings forth its young alive, and sucklesthem. It never grows tame, feeds upon flies, insects, and fatty substances, such as candles, oil, and cheese; and appears only in the summer evenings, when the weather is fine. Čabrict,


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When owls do cry, On the bat's back I do fly. Shakspeare. But then grew reason dark; that fair star no

more Could the fair forms of good and truth discern; Bats they became who eagles were before; And this they got by their desire to learn. Davies. Some animals are placed in the middle betwixt two kinds, as bats, which have something of birds and beasts. Locke. Where swallows in the winter season keep, And now the drowsy bat and dormouse *::: ay. BAT-Fow LIN G. n.f. [from bat and fowl.] A particular manner of birdcatching in

the nighttime, while they are at roost

upon perches, trees, or hedges. They light torches or straw, and then beat the bushcs; upon which the birds flying to the flames, are caught either with nets, or otherwise. You would lift the moon out of her sphere, if she would continue in it five weeks without changing.—We should so, and then go a batzz, fog. Shakspeare. #. lighted at night by fire, must have a brighter lustre than by day; as sacking of cities, tax-fowling. ' Peachan. BA’. A & L E. adj. [from o Disputable, Batable ground seems to be the ground heretofore in question, whether it belonged to Englaid or Scotland, lying between both o owell. BATc H. m. s. [from bake.] 1. The quantity of bread baked at a time. The joiner puts the boards into ovens after the taich is drawn, or lays them in a warm stable. Mortimer's Husbandry. 2. Any quantity of anything made at once, so as to have the same qualities. Except he were of the same meal and batch. Ben jonson. BA’rc H E Lo R. See Bach Elo R. BATE. n. ... (perhaps contracted from debate.] Strife; contention ; as, a makeA bate. To BAT E. v. a. [contracted from abate.] a. To lessen any thing ; to retrench. Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key, With hated breath, and whisp'ring humbleness, Sav this? Shakpeare's Merch. of Venice. or, envious at the sight, will I forbear My plenteous bowl, nor bute my plentedus cheer. Dryden. 2. To sink the price. When the landholder's rent falls, he must either bete the labourer's wages, or not employ, or not pay him. ocke. 3. To lessen a demand. Bate me some, and I will pay you some, and, as most debtors do, promise you infinitely. Shak. 4. To cut off; to take away. Bate but the last, and 'tis what I would say. Dryden's Spanish Friar. To BATE. v. m. 1. To grow less. - Bardolph, am not I fallen away vilely since this last election? Do I not bate * do I not dwindle? Why, my skin hangs about me like an old lady's loose gown. Shai peare's Henry Iv. 2. To remit: with of before the thing. Abate thy speed, and I will bate of mine. - Dryden. BATE seems to have been once the preterit of bite, as Shakspeare uses biting

jaulchion; unless, in the following lines, it may be rather deduced from beat. Yet there the steel staid not, but inly bate Deep in his flesh, and open'd wide a red flood gate. - Spenser. BA'TEFU L. adj. [from bate and full.] Contentious. He knew her haunt, and haunted in the same, And taught his sheep her sheep in food to thwart; Which soon as it did bateful question frame, He might on knees confess his guilty part. Sidney. BA’s EMENT. m. s. Ltrom abatement.] Diminution : a term only used among artificers. To abate, is to waste a piece of stuff; instead of asking how much was cut off, carpenters ask what batement that piece of stuff had. Moxon. BATH. n. s. [bao, Saxon.] 1. A bath is either hot or cold, either of art or nature. Artificial baths have been in great esteem with the ancients, especially in complaints to be relieved by revulsion, as inveterate headaches, by opening the pores of the feet, and also in cutaneous cases. But the modern practice has greatest recourse to the natural baths; most of which abound with a mineral sulphur, as appears from their turning silver and copper blackish. The cold baths are the most convenient springs, or reservatories, of cold water to wash in, which the ancients had in great esteem; and the present age can produce abundance of noble cures performed by them. §§ Why may not the cold bath, into which they plunged themselves, have had some share in their cure ? Addison's Spectator. 2. A state in which great outward heat is applied to the body, for the mitigation of pain, or any other purpose. In the height of this bath, when I was more than half stewed in grease like a Dutch dish, to be thrown into the Thames. Shakspeare. Sleep, the birth of each day's life, sore labour's bath, Balm of hurt minds. Shakspeare's Macbeth, 3. In chymistry, it generally signifies a vessel of water, in which another is placed that requires a softer heat than the naked fire. Balneum Maria is a mistake for balneum maris, a sea or water bath. A sand heat is sometimes called balneum sicrum, or cinereum. uincy. We see that the water of things distilled in water, which they call the bath, differeth not much from the water of things distilled by fire. Bacon's Natural History. 4. A sort of Hebrew measure, containing the tenth part of an homer, or seven gallons and four pints, as a measure for things liquid ; and three pecks and three pints, as a measure for things dry. lmet. Ten acres of vineyard shall yield one Bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah, #. To BATH E. v. a. [baoğian, Saxon.] 1. To wash, as in a bath. Others on silver lakes and rivers bath'd Their downy breast. Milton's Paradise Lara, Chancingtabathshimself in the river Cydnus,

through the excessive coldness of these waters,he fell sick, near unto death, for three days. South. 2. To supple or soften by the outward application of warm liquors. Batbe them, and keep their bodies soluble the while by clysters and lenitive boluses. Woman. I'll bathe your wounds in tears for my offence. Dryden. 3. To wash anything. Phornician Dido stood, Fresh from her wound, herbosom bath'd o: ryden. Mars couldin mutual blood the centaurs bath', And Jove himself give way to Cinthia's wrath. 1)ryden. To BATH E. v. m. To be in the water, or in any resemblance of a bath. Except they meant tobathein reeking wounds, I cannot tell. Shakspeare's Macbeth. The delighted spirit To batbe in fiery floods, or to reside In thrilling regions of thick ribbed ice. The gallants dancing by the river side, They bathe in summer, and in winter slide. - Maller. But bathe, and, in imperial robes array'd, Pay due devotions. Pope's Odyssey. BA's ING, or ABA't IN G. prep. [from hate, or abate. This word, though a parti... ciple in itself, seems often used as a preposition.] Except, The king, your brother, could not choose an advocate, Whom I would sooner hear on any subject, Bating that only one, his love, than you. Rowe. If we consider children, we have little reason to think that they bring many ideas with them, , -bating, perhaps, some faint ideas of hunger and thirst, Locke. BA't LET. m. s. [from bat.] A square piece of wood, with a handle, used in beating linen when taken out of the buck. I remember the kissing of her batlet, and the cow's dugs that her pretty chopt hands had milked. Shakspeare. BAT o'o N. m., J. [baston, or baton, Fr. formerly spelt baston.] 1. A staff or club. We came close to the shore, and offered to land; but straightways we saw divers of the le with bastons in their hands, as it were, #. us to land. Bacon. That does not make a man the worse, Although his shoulders with batoon Be claw'd and cudgell'd to some tune. Hudibrar. 2. A truncheon or marshal’s staff; a badge of military honour. BA’tt AI lous. adj. [from battaille, Fr.] Having the appearance of a battle; warlike; with a military appearance. He started up, and did himself prepare In sun-bright arms and hattailous array. Fairfax. The French came foremost, battailour and bold. Fairfax. A fiery region, stretch'd In battailous aspect, and nearer view Bristled with upright beams innumerable Of rigid spears and helmets throng'd. Milton, BATTA'll A. m.s.. [battaglia, Ital.] I. The order of battle. Next morning the king put his army into battalia. Clarendon. 2. The main body of an army in array,

distinguished from the wings,


BATTA'lios. n.s.. [bataillon, Fr.] . 1. A division of an army ; a troop , a body of forces. It is now confined to the infantry, and the number is uncertain, but generally from five to eight hundred men. Some regiments consist of one battalion, and others are divided into two, three, or more. When sorrows come, they come not single Sples, But in oño. Shospeare's Hamlet. In this battalion there were two officers, called Thersites and Pandarus. Tutier. The pierc’d battalion, disunited fall In heaps on heaps: one fate o'erwhelms them all. Pope. 2. An army. This sense is not now in use. Six or seven thousand is their utmost power. —Why, our battalion trebles that account. Soak-peare, . To BA’tt E.N. v. a. [a word of doubtful etymology.] 1. To fatten, or make fat; to feed plenteously. - We drove afield, Batt'ning our flocks with the fresh dews of night. Milton, 2. To fertilize. The * here, with latt'ning ooze enrich'd, Give spirit to the grass; three cubits high The jointed herbage shoots. PBilińs. To B'At TEN. v. n. To grow fat; to live in indulgence. Follow your function, go and Batten on cold bits. - Shappeare. Burnish'd and batt'ning on their food, to show The diligence of careful herds below. Dryden. The lazy glutton safe at home will keep, Indulge his sloth, and batten on his sleep. Dryd. As at full length the pamper'd monarch lay, Batt'ning in ease, and slumbering life away. - Tway mice, full blythe and amicable, Batten beside erle Robert's table. Prior. While paddling ducks the standing lake desire, Orbati'ning hogs roll in the sinking mire. Gay. BA’tt E.N. m. s. [a word used only by workmen.] A scantling of wood, two, three, or four inches broad, seldom above one thick, and the length unlimited. Moxon. To BATTER. v. a. [battre, to beat, French.] 1. To beat; to beat down ; to shatter: frequently used of walls thrown down by artillery, or of the violence of engines of war. To appoint battering rams against the gates, to cast a mount, and to build a fort. Ezekiel. These haughty words of hers Have batter'd me like roaring cannon shot, And made me almost yield upon my knees. - - Sbasspeare. Britannia there, the fort in vain Had batter'd been with golden rain : Thunder itself had fail'd to pass. WollrrBe them the naval stores the nation's care, New ships to build, and batter'd to repair. Dryden. 2. To wear with beating. Crowds to the castle mounted up the street, battring the pavementwith their coursers feet. Dayden,

If you have a silver saucepan for the kitchen use, let me advise you to batter it well; this will shew constant good housekeeping. . Szvi 3. Applied to persons, to wear out with Service. - The batter'd veteran strumpets here Pretend at least to bring a modest ear. Southern. I am a poor old battered fellow, and I would willingly end my days in peace. Arbuthnot. As the same damé, experienc'd in her trade, By namesoftoasts retails each batter'd jade. Pope. To BA’tt ER. v. m. [a word used only by workmen] The side of a wall or any timber, that bulges from its bottom or foundation, is said to batter. Moxon. BA's Te R. m. . [from To batter.] A mixture of several ingredients beaten, together, with some liquor; so called from its being so much beaten. • * * * * * * * * * One would have all things little, hence has


Tao, poults fresh from th' egg in batter o roof, BA'tter E. R. n.s.. [from batter.] He ū

batters. - BA’rtery. m. g. [from batter; or batterie, French.] . . .

1. The act of battering. Strong wars they make, and cruel battery be: 'Gainst for of reason, it to overflow. Firy Q. Earthly minds, like mud walls, resis: the strongest batteries. ocke. a. The instruments with which a town is battered, placed in order for action; a line of cannon.

Where is best place to make our atory next 2– I think, at the north gate. Shakspeare.

It plants this reasoning and that argument, this consequence and that distinction, like * many intellectual batteries, till at length it forces a way and passage into the obstinate inclosed truth. * o South. see, and revere th’ artillery of heav'n". . . Drawn by the gale, or by the tempest driv'no A dreadful fire the floating battrio make, ". o'erturn the mountain, and the fores.shake. - - Blockwore. 3. The frame, or raised work, upon which cannons are mounted. +, or 4. [In law.] A violent striking of any man. in an action against a striker, one may be found guity of the assault, yet cquitte; of the battery. There may therefore be assault without battery , but battery always implies an 'assault. hambers. why does he suffer this rude knave now to knohim about the scence with a dirty shovel, and incoli him of his action and, buttery { - Shakspeare. Sir, quoth the lawyer, not to flatter ye, You have as good and fair a battery As heart can wish, and need not shame The proudest man alive to claim: Hudibras. Battish. adj. [from bat.] Resembling a bat. To be out late in a battish humour. Gentleman Instructed. BATTLE. m. . [battaille, Fr.] 1. A fight; an encounter between opposite armies. We generally, say a Žattle of many, and a combat of two. The English Army, that divided was Into two parts, is now conjoia'd in on ; And means to give you battle presently, * *a*.

The battle done, and they within our power, She 'll never see his pardon. Shakspea The race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong. - Ecclesiaster-So they joined battle, and the heathen being discomfired fied into the plain. 1 Maccabeer. 2. A body of forces, or division of an army. The King divided his army into three battles; whereof the van-guard only, with wings, came to fight. o outdo. 3. The main body, as distinct from the van and rear. Angus led the avant-guard, himself followed with the battle a good distance behind, and after came the arrier. Hayward. 4. We say to join battle ; to give battle: To BA’s r i.e. v. r. (batailler, Fr.] To join battle ; to contend in fight. "I' is ours by craft and by surprize to gain: "I' is yours to meet in arms, and battle in the plain. - . . Prior. We receive accounts of ladies battling it on both sides. Addison. I own, he hates an action base, His virtues battling with his place. Swift. BATTLE-A R RA'Y. n.s. [See BATTLE and AR RAY. Array, or order, of battle. Two parties of fine women, placed in the opposite side boxes, seemed drawn up in battle-array one against another. , , , Addison. BA’rri. E-Ax E. m. s. A weapon used anciently, probably the same with a hill. Xertain tinners, as they were working, found spear-heads; battle-axes, and swords of copper, wrapped in linen clouts Carew.

BA’ttle poor, n.s.. [so called from door, taken for a flat board, and battle, or striking.] An instrument with a handle and a flat board, used in play to strike - a ball or shuttlecock. "Play-things which are above, their skill, as tops, gigs, battle loors, and the like, which are to be used with labour, should indeed be pro. cured them. . - - - , , , Lvoke. Bazrt LEMENT. n.s. [generally supposed to be formed from battle, as the parts from whence a building is defended against assailants; perhaps, only cor. rupted from batiment, Fr.]... A wall raised round the top of a building, with embrasures, or interstices, to look through, to amnoy an enemy; . . . And fixod his head upon our battlements, Shah. Thou shah make a battlement for thy-roof: that thou bring not blood upon thy house, if any man fall. ... . . , , Deutronomy. Through this we pass , , Up to the highest battlement, from whence . 'o. Trojans threw their darts. Denken. Their tandard, planted on the battlement, Despair and death among the soldier; sent. Dryd. No, I shan't envy him, whoe'er he be, That stands upon à. battlements of state; I'd rather be secure than great. orris. The weighty mallet deals resounding blows, Till the proud battlements her tow'rs indo; ay. Barry. adj. [from bat.] Belonging to

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Bramit. Man of Taste.

BA'vis. n. 4. [of uncertain deri wation.] A stick like those bound up in faggots; a piece of waste wood. - ... He rambled up and down With shallow jesters and rash bavin wits, Soon kindled, and soon burnt. Shakspeare. For, moulded to the life in clouts Th’ have pick'd from dunghills thereabouts, He's mounted on a hazelbavin, , . A cropp'd malignant baker gave him. Hudibrar. The truncheons make billet, bavin, and coals. - --- Mortimer. To Baulk. See BAI. K. . . BA'w Ble. n.s.. [baulellam, in barbarous Latin, signified a jewel, or any thing valuable, but not necessary. Omnia - baubella sua dedit Othoni. Howeden. Probably from beau, Fr.] A gewgaw; a trifling piece of finery; a thing of more , show than use; a trifle. It is in general, whether applied to persons or things, a term of contempt. , She haunts me in every place... I was on the • sea bank with some Venetians, and thither comes o, the bawłle, and falls me thus about my neck. - - - Shakspeare's Othello. - - - It is a paltry cap, A custard coffin, a bazvble, a silken pie. Shaksp. If, in our contest, we do not interchange use* ful motions, we shall traffick toys and bawbles. - Government #. the Tongue. This shall be writ to fright the fry away, Who draw their little bawbles, when they play. co, * Z. Dryden. ** Alady's watchneeds neither figuresnor wheels; * "Tis enough that 'tis loaded with bawlle, and seals. - Prior. Our author then, to please you in your way, * Presents you now a bawble of a play, * In gingling rhyme. - Granville. * - A prince, the moment he is crown'd, Inherits ey'ry virtue round, - ... As emblems of the sov’reign pow'r, Like other bawbles of the Tow’r. Swift. BA/w B L1s G. adj. [from law.ble.] Trifling; contemptible: a word not now in use, except in conversation. ...A law bling vessel was he captain of, For shallow draught and bulk unprizeable; With which such scathful . did he make, With the most noble bottom of our fleet. Shakop. BA'wcock. n.s. [perhaps from beau, or baude, and cock.] A familiar word, which seems to signify the same as fine jellow. Wy how now, my bawcock? how dost thou, chuck? Shakspeare's Twelfth Night.

Baw D. m. s. [baude, old Fr.] A procurer, or procuress; one that introduces men and women to each other, for the

promotion of debauchery. If your worship will take order for the drabs and the knaves, you need not to fear the bawds. Shakspeare.

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This commodity, This bawd, this broker, this all-changing word, Hath drawn him from his own determin'd aid. Shakipeare. Our author calls colouring lena sororis, the bawd of her sister design; she dresses her up, she paints her, she procures for the design, and makes lovers for her. - ryden. To BAw D. v. n. [from the noun..] To procure ; to provide gallants with strumpets. Leucippe is agent for the king's lust, and bawds at the same time for the whole court. Addison. And in four months a batter'd harridan; Now nothing's left, but wither'd, pale, and shrunk, *To bawd for others, and go shares with '. - - Strift. BA'worly. adv. [from bawdy.] Obscenely. BA'w DIN Ess. n. s. [from bawdy.] Obsceneness. BA'wi, Rick. m.s.[See BALDR1ck.]Abelt. Fresh garlandstoo the virgins temples crown'd; The youths gilt swordswore at their thighs, with silver bawdricks bound. . Chapman's Iliad. BA'wd R.Y. m. s. [contracted from bawdery, the practice of a bawd.] 1. A wicked practice of procuring and bringing whores and rogues together. Aysis. Cheating and Barvdry go together in the world. - 'Estrange. 2. Obscenity; unchaste language. Pr'ythee say on ; he's for a jig, or a tale of " boxedry, or he sleeps. Shakspeare's Hamlet. I have no salt; no bawdry he doth mean; For witty, in hislanguage, is obscene. Benjanson. It is most certain, that barefaced batvāry is the poorest pretence to wit imaginable. ryoen. BA'w DY. adj. [from bawd.] Obscene; unchaste: generally applied tolanguage. The #. wind, that kisses all it meets, Is hush'd within the hollow mine of earth, And will not hear 't. - Only they, That come to hear a merry bawdy play, Will be deceiv'd. - Shakspeare. Not one poor bawdy jest shall dare appear; For now the batter'd veteran strumpets here ''Pretend at least to bring a modest ear. Southern, BA'w DY-Hous F. n.s. A house where traffick is made by wickedness and debauchery. Has the pope lately shut up the bawdy-hourer, or doeshe continue to lay atax upon sin? Dennis. To Bawl. v. n. [balo, Lat. : 1. To hoot; to cry with great vehemence, whether for joy or pain: a word always used in contempt. They bawl for freedom in theirsenseless mood, And still revolt, when truth would set them free.

Milton. To cry the cause up heretofore, And bawl the bishops out of door. Hudibrar. Through the thickshades th' eternal scribbler bawls,

And shakes the statues on their pedestals. Dryd.
From his lov'd home, no lucre him can draw;

The senate's mad decrees he never saw,
Nor heard at bawling bars corrupted law. Dryd.
Loud menaces were heard, and foul disgrace,

And bawling infamy, in language base,
Till sense was lost in sound, and silence fled the
place. Dryden's Fa&saw.

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