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w - Milton. 3. In the presence of: noting authority or conquest. Great queen of gathering clouds, See we fall before thee! Prostrate we adore thee! Dryden.
The Alps and Pyreneans sink of re him. - - Addison. 4. In the presence of: noting respect. We see that blushing, and casting down of the eyes, both are more when we come bofore many. Bacon. They represent our poet betwixt a farmer and a courtier, when he drest himself in his best habit, to appear tofore his patron. Dryden. 5. In sight of Before the eyes of both our armies here, Let is not wrangle. Shaffeare. 6. Under the cognizance of: noting jurisdiction. If a suit be begun of re an archdeacon, the ordinary may license the suit to an higher court. - Ayliffe. 7. In the power of: noting the right of choice. The world was all of rethem, where to chuse Their place of rest, and Providence their guide. Milton. Givens this evening; thou hast mornandnight, And all the year, before thee for delight. Dryd. He hath put us in the hands of our own counsel. Life and death, prosperity and destruction, are before us. Tillotson,
3. By the impulse of something behind. Her part, poor soul! seeming as burdened With lesser weight, but not with lesser woe, Was carried with more speed of re the wind. - Shakspeare, Hurried by fate; he cries, and torne ore A furious wind, we leave the faithful shore. Dryd. 3. Preceding in time,
Particular advantages it has before all the books which have appeared by are it in this kind. Dryd. Io. In preference to. We should not presume to determine which should be the fittest, till we see he hath chosen Some one, which one we may then boldly say to be the fittest, because he hath taken it bfore the rest. - - Hocker. We think poverty to be infinitely desirable before the torments of covetoe.ress. Taylor. II. Prior to ; nearer to anything ; as, the eldest son is before the younger in succession. 12. Superiour to ; as, he is before his competitors both in right and power. Befo'R E. adv. 1. Sooner than : earlier in time. Heav'nly born, Before the hills appear'd, or fountain flow'd, • Thou with eternal wisdom didst converse. Milt, Before two months their orb with light adorn, If heav'n allow me life, I will return. Dryden. 2. In time past. Such a plenteous crop they bore Of purest and well winnow'd grain, As Britain never knew bosore. 3. In some time iately past. I shall resume somewhat which hath been A*foresaid, touchingthe question beforegoing. Hale, 4. Previously to ; in order to. Bofore this elaborate treatise can become of use to my country, two points are necessary. Swift, 5. To this time; hitherto. The peaceful cities of th’ Ausonian shore, Lull'd in her ease, and undisturb’d before, Dryden,
Are all on fire. 6. Alread v. * You tell me, mother, what I knew before, The Phrygian fleet is landed on the shore. D 7. Further onward in place. Thou'rt so far before, The swiftest wing of recompence is slow To overtake thee. Shakspeare. BEFo’k E H AND. adv. [from before and hand.] I. In a state of anticipation, or preoccupation : sometimes with the particle with. Quoth Hudibras, I am beforehand In that already with your command. Hudibrar. Your soul has been toforehand with your body, And drunk so deep a draught of promis'd bliss, She slumbers o'er the cup. Dryden. I have not reom for many reflections; the last cited author has been boforehand with me, in its proper moral. - Addizen. 2. Previously; by way of preparation, or preliminary. His profession is to deliver precepts necessar to . speech; yet so, that they which receive them, may be taught beforehand the skill of speaking. ‘Hocker. When the lawyers brought extravagant bills, sir Roger used to bargain loforehand, to cut oft a quarter of a yard in any part of the bill. Arbuthner.
3. Antecedently ; aforetime. It would be resisted by such as had of reland resisted the general proofs of the gospel. Atterbury. 4. In a state of accumulation, or so as that more has been received than expended. Stranger's house is at this time rich, and much to: for it hath laid up revenue these irty-seven years. Paso.
J. At first ; before anything is done. What is a man's contending with insuperable difficulty:s, but the rolling of Sisyphus's stone up the hill, which is soon by oreband to return upon him again? L'Estrange. BE Fo's Lori M. E. adv. [from before and time.] Formerly ; of old time. Boforetime in Israel, when a man went to enquire of God, thus he spake. 1 Samuel. To Be Fo’R UN E. v. n. [from he and fortune.] To happen to ; to betide. I give consent to go alcng with you; Recking as little what betide to me, As much I wish all good befortune you, Shakop. To BeFo’u L. v. a. from be and foul..] To make fou!; to soil; to dirt. To Be FR1'EN d. v. a. [from be and friend.] To favour; to be kind to ; to countenance ; to show friendship to ; to benefit. If it will please Caesar To be so good to Caesar, as to hear me, I shall beseech him to offend himself. Shaks. Now, if your plots be ripe, you are befriended With opportunity. - Denham. ..See them embarked, And tell me if the winds and seastfriend them. Addison. Be thou the first true merit to befriend; His praise is lost, who stays till all commend. Pope. Brother-servants must bosriend one no. - Swift. To BE FR1's Ge. v.a.[from he and fring...] To decorate, as with fringes. When I flatter, let my dirty leaves Clothe spice, line trunks, or, flutt'ring in a row, Bofringe the rails of Bedlam and Soho. Pope. $o BEG. v. n. Lueggeren, Germ.] To live upon alms; to live by asking relief of others. I cannot dig ; to bog I am ashamed. To BEG v. a. 4. To ask ; to seek by petition. He went to Pilate, and bogged the body. Matthew, See how they began alms of flattery. 1 oung.
2. To take anything for granted, without evidence or proof. We have not begged any principles or suppositions, for the proof of this; but taking that common ground, which both Moses and all antiquity present. Burnet. To Be GE’r. v. a. I begot, or begat; I have begotten, or begot. besettan, Saxon, to obtain. See To G+ f.j 1. To generate; to procreate; to become the father of, as children. But first come the hours, which we hogot In Jove's sweet paradise, of day and night, Which do the seasons of the year allot. Spenter. I talk of dreams, Which are the children of an idle brain, Bogot of nothing but vain phantasy. Shakspeare. "ho hath bogetten me these, seeing I have lost my children, and am desolate Isaiah. T was he the noble Claudian race begat. Dryd. Love is begot by fancy, bred By ignorance, by expectation fed. 4. To produce, as effects. If to have done the thing you gave in charge, Boget your happiness, be na; ; y then; for it is done: Shałocare. My whole intention was to toget, in the muds
of men, magnificent sentiments of God and his works. - Cheyne. 3. To produce, as accidents. Is it a time for story, when each minute Begets a thousand dangers? Denham. 4. It is sometimes used with on, or upon, before the mother.
Begot upon His mother Martha . his father John. Spectator. BEGE'TTER. m. s. [from beget..] He that procreates, or begets; the father. For what their prowess gain'd, the law declares Is to themselves alone, and to their heirs: . No share of that goes back to the begetter; But if the son fights well, and plunders better- 10-ydMen continue the race of mankind, commonly without the intention, and often against the consent and will, of the begetter. LockeBE’G GAR. m. s. [from bog. It is more properly written begger; but the common orthography is retained, because the derivatives all preserve the a..] 1. One who lives upon alms; one who has nothing but what is given him. He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the boggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes. 1 Samuel. We see the whole equipage of a beggar so drawn by Homer, as even to retain a nobleness and dignity. Brocar2. One who supplicates for anything; a petitioner: for which, beggar is a harsh and contemptuous term. . . What subjects will precarious kings regard? A boggar speaks too softly to be heard. Dryden3. One who assumes what he does not prove. These shameful beggars of principles, who give this precarious account of the original of things, assume to themselves to be men of reason. ‘‘Tillotrow. To Be'G G A R. v.a. [from the noun.] 1. To reduce to beggary; to impoverish. Whose heavy hand hath bow'd you to the grave, And beggar'd yours for ever. Shakspeare. They shall spoil the clothiers wool, and boogar the present spinners. Graui. - The naiser With heav'n, for two-pence, cheaply wipes lis score, Lifts up his eyes, and hastes to boggar more. Gay2. To deprive. Necessity, of matter bergared, Will nothing stick our persons to arraign In ear and ear. Slaisfeare, 3. To exhaust. For her person, It beggar'd all description; she did lic In her pavilion, cloth of gold, of tissue, O'er-picturing Venus. Sbak's ear. , Be'G GAR LIN Ess. n.s.. [from loggary.] The state of being beggarly; meanness; poverty. BE’G G A R I, Y. adj. [from beggar..] Mean; poor; indigent; in the condition of a beggar: used both o and things. I ever will, though he do shake me off To boggarly divorcement, love him dearly. Skat. A $.3arly account of empty boxes. Shakf. Who, that behold such a bankrupt boggarry fellow as Cromwell entering the parliament
house, with a thread-bare,' torn cloak, and
- B E G 1. To do the first act of any thing; to Pass from not doing to doing, by the first act. Åe nymphs of Solyma, *gio the song. Pope. They have been awaked, by these aoj Scenes, to begin religion; and afterwards, their virtue has improved itself into more refined principles, by divine grace. Watt. 2. To trace from any thing, as the first ground. The postle koino our knowledge in the creatures, which leads us to the know edge of God. Locke. 3. 70 *gin ovith. To enter upon ; to fall to work upon. A lessor which requires somuch time to learn, had need be early own with. Geo. of Tengue. BLG 1's N E R. m.o. |from begin.] I. He that gives the first cause, or original, to any thing. Thus hearing crime on crime, and grief on grief, To loss of love adjoining loss of friend, I meant to purge both with a third mischief, And, in my woe's losinner, it to end. Spenser. Socrates maketh Ignatius, the bishop of Antioch, the first *one, thereof, even indo apostles themselves. Hooter. 2. An unexperienced attempter; one in his rudiments; a 'oung practitioner. Palladius, behaving }. nothing like a #2ginner, brought the honour to the Iberian side. Side-v. They are, to Beginners, an easy and familiar introduction; a mighty augmentation of aliyir. ** and knowledge in such as are entered before. Hooker. I have taken a list of several hundred words in a sermon of a Rew (orinner, which not one hearer could Possibly understand. Swift. B+: G 1's N is Č. m.o. [from begin.] 1. The first original or CauSe. Wherever we place the *ginning of motion, whether from the head or the heart, the body *** and acts by a consent of iii. parts. Stift. 2. The entrance into act, or being. of thoginning God oth. heavens and the earth. Genesis. 3. The state in which any thing first is. Youth, what man's age is like to be, doth show; * may our end by our owning know. Denbox. 4. The rudiments, or first grounds or materials.
Begird th' Almighty-throne, Baseeching, or besieging. ilton. Or should she, confident As sitting queen adorn'd on beauty's throne, Descend, with all her winning charms begirt, To enamour. on. At home surrounded by a servile crowd, Prompt to abuse, and in detraction loud: Abroad begirt with men, and swords, and spears; His very state acknowledging his fears. Prior. 3. To shut in with a siege; to beleaguer; to block up. . It was so closely begirtbefore the king's march into the west, that the council humbly desired his majesty, that he would relieve it. Clarendon. To BEGI’RT. v. a. [This is, I think, only a corruption of begird; perhaps by the printer.] To begird. See BEG 1 R D. And, Lentulus, begirt you Pompey's house, To seize his sons alive; for they are they Must make our peace with him. Ben jonton. BE'GLERBEG. m. s. [Turkish...] The chief governour of a province among the Turks. To Be GNA’w. v. a. [from be and gnaw.] To bite; to eat away; to corrode; to nibble. His horse is stark spoiled with the staggers, bognatun with the bots, waid in the back, and shoulder-shotten. Shakspeare. The worm of conscience still begnazv thy soul. Shakspeare's Richard III. BeGo'N E. interject. [only a coalition of the words be gone..] Go away; hence; haste away. Begone / the goddess cries with stern disdain, Begone / nor dare the hallow'd stream to stain. She fled, for ever banish'd from the train. Addis. Bec, o' t. The participle passive of Be Go' rt E.N. § beget. Remember that thou wast logot of them. - Ecclus. The first he met, Antiphates the brave, But base begotten on a Theban slave. Dryden. To BEGRE’As E. v. a. [from be and grease.] To soil or daub with unctuous or fat matter. To BBG R1/M E. v. a. [from be and grine. See GRIME and GR1 M.] To soil with dirt deep impressed ; to soil in such a manner that the natural hue cannot easily be recovered. Her name, that was as fresh As Dian's visage, is now togrim'a, and black As my own face. Shakspeare. To Be Gui'l E. v. a. [from be and guise.] 3. To impose upon ; to delude; to cheat. his I say, lest any man should beguile you with enticing words. Coloisians. he serpent me leguil'd, and I did eat! Mist. Whosoever sees a man, who would have be†. and imposed upon him by making him elieve a lye, he may truly say, that is the than who would have ruined me. South, 2. To deceive ; to evade. Is wretchedness depriv'd that benefit, To end itself by death "Tis yet some comfort, When misery could bouile the tyrant's rage, And frustrate his proud will. Shaloptare. 3. To deceive pleasingly ; to amuse. Sweet, leave me here awhile; My spirits grow dull, and fain I would loguile The tedious day with sleep. Slakspeare. With these sometimesshedothher timeloguile; These do by fits her Phantasy possess. D. virt,
BeGU’N. The pool; passive of 5-giro, But thou, bright morning star, thou rising sun, Which in these latter timeshast brought to light Those mysteries, that since the world begun Lay hid in darkness and eternal night. Davies. BE HA’L f. m. s. [This word Skinner derives from half, and interprets it, for my half; as, for my part. It seems to me rather corrupted from behaaf, profit; the pronunciation degenerating easily to behaft ; which, in imitation of other words so sounded, was written, by those who knew not the etymology, he/al/.] 1. Favour ; cause favoured: we say in behalf, but for the sake. He was in confidence with those who designed the destruction of Strafford; against whom he had contracted some prejudice, in the behalf of his nation. Clarendon. Were but my heart as naked to thy view, Marcus would see it bleed in his behalf. Addison. Never was any nation blessed with more fre}. interpositions of divine providence in its ebals. 24tterbury. 2. Vindication; support. He might, in his presence, defy all Arcadian knights, in the behalf of his mistress's beauty.
- Sidney. Lest the fiend, Or in behalf of man, or to invade Vacant possession, some new troubles raise. fi/ilton.
Others believe that, by the two Fortunes, were meant prosperity or affliction; and produce, in their tehalf, an ancient monument. Addison on Italy. To Be HA’v E. v. a. [from be and have.] 1. To carry; to conduct: used almost always with the reciprocal pronoun. We behaved not curselves disorderly among you. Thess. Manifest signs cane from heaven unto those that behaved themselve; manfully, 2 Maccalees. To their wills wedded, to their errouns slaves, No man like them, they think, bioses too. I)enham. We so live, and so act, as if we were secure of the final issue and event of things, however we may behave ourselves. Atterbury. 2. It seems formerly to have had the sense of, to govern; to subdue; to discipline : but this is not now used. But who his limbs with labours, and his mind Behave, with cares, cannot so easy miss. Fairy Q. With such sober and unnoted passion He did behave his anger ere 't was spent, As if he had but prov'd an argument. Shało. To BE HA’v E. v. m. To act; to conduct one’s self. It is taken either in a good or a bad sense; as, he behaved well or ill. BE HA'viour. n.s.. [from behave.] 1. Manner of behaving one's self, whether good or bad; manners; carriage, with ropo to propriety. . . Mopsa, curious in anything but her own good Behaviour, followed Zelmane. fitney. 2. External appearance, with respect to grace. Joe mark'd, in Dora's dancing, good grace and handsome behaviour. Sidney. 3. Gesture; manner of action, adapted to particular occasions. Well witnessing the most submissive tehaviour that a thralled await could expres- Sitnoy.
when we make profession of cer faith, we stand; when we acknowledge our sins, or seek unto God for favour, we fall down; because the gesture of constancy becomethusbest in the one, in the other the behaviour of humility. Hooker. One man sees how much another man is a focl, when he dedicates his behaviour to love. Shakspeare. And he changed his behaviour before them, and feigned himself mad in their hands. 1 Samuel. 4. Elegance of manners; gracefulness. The beautiful prove accomplished, but not of Ž. spirit; and study, for the most part, rather viour than virtue. Bacon. He who adviseth the philosopher, altogether devoted to the Muses, sometimes to offer sacrifice to the altars of the Graces, thought knowledge imperfect without behaviour. Wolton. solutt, general practice; course of C. To him, who hath a prospect of the state that attends inen after this life, depending on their behaviour here, the measures of good and evil are changed. Locke. 4. To be upon one’s behaviour. A familiar phrase, noting such a state as requires great caution; a state in which a failure in behaviour will have bad consequences. Tyrants themselves are upon their behaviour to a superiour power. L’Estrange. Wo BE HE/AD. v. a. [from be and j To deprive of the head; to kill by cutting off the head. is beheading he underwent with all christian magnanimity- - Clarendon. On each side they fly, By chains connext, and with destructive sweep .B.Bead whole troops at once. Philips. Mary, queen of Scots, was beheaded in the reign of queen Rlizabeth. " Aadiron. Behe'i. D. The participle passive of behold. All hail! ye virgin daughters of the main! Ye oś my hopes beheld again! Pope. BE'HE MoT H. m. f. Behemoth, in Hebrew, signifies beasts in general, particularly the larger kind, fit for service. But Job speaks of an animal behemoth, and describes its properties. Bochart has taken much care to make it the hippootamus, or river horse. Sanctius thinks it is an ox. The fathers suppose the devil to be meant by it. But we agree with the generality of interpreters, that it is the elephant. Calmet. Behold now behemoth, which I made with thce; he eateth grass as an ox. job. Behold! in plaited mail Beşemotb rears his head. Thomson. BE'HEN. ) n. f. Valerian roots. Also a BEN. fruit resembling the tamarisk, from which perfumers extract an oil. - Dict. Behe'st. n. x. [from be and hest; hair, Saxon.] Command ; precept ; mandate. Her tender youth had obediently lived under her parents behests, without framing, out of her own will, the forechoosing of anything. Sidney. Such joy he had their stubborn hearts to quell, And sturdy courage tame with dreadful avoe, That his 3. they fear'd as a proud tyrant's law. § enter1, messenger from everlasting Jove, In his great route this hisãobert do tell. Fairfax,
To visit of those happy tribes, On high behests his angels to and fro Pass'd frequent. Milteo, In heav'n God ever blest, and his divine Bohests obey, worthiest to be obey'd' Miltow. To BE H 'GHT. v. a. pret. behot, part. &efight. [from hatan, to promise, Sax.] This word is obsolete. 1. To promise. Sir Guyon, mindful of his vow yright, Up rose from drowsy couch, and him addrest Unto the journey which he had b.light. Fairy Q. 2. To entrust ; to commit. That mostglorious house that glist'rethbright, Whereof the keys are to thy hand boight By wise Fidelia. Fairy Queen. 3. Perhaps to call ; to name: high; being often put, in old authors, for named, or was named. Be H1's D. prep. Thinban, Saxon.] I. At the back of another. Acomates hasted with harquebusiers, which he had caused his horsemen to take belind them upon their horses. - Raciles. 2. On the back part ; not before. She came in the press belind, and touched in. Mark. 3. Toward the back. The Benjamites looked behind them. judges. 4. Following another. Her husband went with her, weeping behind er. 2 Samuel, 5. Remaining after the departure of something else. He left behind him myself and a sister, both born in one hour. Shakspeare. Piety and virtue are not only delightful for the present, but they leave peace and contentment behind them. Tillotron. 6. Remaining after the death of those to whom it belonged. , What he gave me to publish, was but a small part of what he left behind him. Pope. 7. At a distance from something going before. Such is the swiftness of your mind, That, like the earth's, it leaves our sense behind. Dryder. 3. Inferiour to another; having the posteriour place with regard to excellence. After the overthrow of this first house of God, a second was erected; but with so great odds, that they wept, which beheld how much this latter came behind it. - Booker. 9. On the other side of something. From light retir’d behind his daughter's bed, He, for approaching sleep, compos'd his head. Drydava BEH 1'N D. adv. 1. Out of sight; not yet produced to view; remaining. We cannot be sure that we have all the particulars before us, and that there is no evidence behind, and yet unseen, which may cast the Probability on the other side. Lexie. 2. Most of the former senses may become adverbia!, by suppressing the accusative case; as, I left my money behind, or &ehind me. Be H1’ND HAN D. adv. [from behind and hand.] 1. In a state in which rent or profit, or any advantage, is anticipated, so that less is