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BE'LLY Ache. n. . [from belly and ache.] The colick ; or pain in the bowels. Be’lly Bou N'D. adj.[from belly and bound.] Diseased, so as to be costive, and shrunk in the belly. BE’lly-f RETTING.. n.s.. [from belly and fret.] 1. [With farriers.]The chafing of a horse's belly with a foregirt. 2. A great pain in a horse's belly, caused by worms. Dict. |Be'lly ful. n. s. [from belly and full.] 1. As much food as fills the belly, or satifies the appetite. 2. It is often used ludicrously for more than enough : thus, king James told his son that he would have his bellyful of parliamentary inpeachments. BE'lly God. m. s. [from belly and god.] A floon ; one who makes a god of his belly.

§ infinite waste they made this way, the only story of Apicius, a famous bellyged, may suffice to shew. - ake will. BE'lly-PIN ch Ed. adj. [from belly and pinch.J. Starved. This night, wherein the cubdrawn bear would

couch, The lion and the belly-pinched wolf Keep their fur dry, unbonnetted he runs. Shałr. $3e'lly Roll. n.s.. [from belly and roll.] A roll so called, as it seems, from entering into the hollows. ey have two small harrows that they clap en each side of the ridge, and so they harrow right up and down, and roll it with a belly-roll, that goes between the ridges, when they have sown it. * AMortimer. BE’lly-T1 MBE R. n. . [from belly and timber.] Food ; materials to support the belly. Where belly-timber above ground Or under was not to be found. Hudibras. The strength of every other member Is founded on your belly-timber. Prior.

Be’lly-worm. n. 4. [from belly and <vorm.] A worm that breeds in the belly. Be'lMAN. m. s. [from bell and man.] He whose business it is to proclaim any thing in towns, and to gain attention by ringing his bell. It was the owl that shriek'd, the fatal belman ich gives the stern'st good might. Shakspeare. Where Titian's glowing paint the canvas warm’d, Now hangs the belman's song, and pasted here The colour'd prints of Overton appear. . . Gay. The balman of each parish, as he goes his cirsuit, cries out every night, Past twelve o'clock. Swift. BE'LMet Al. n. 4. [from bell and metal.] The metal of which bells are made, being a mixture of five parts copper with one of pewter. Belmetal has copper one thousand pounds, tin from three hundred to two hundred pounds, brass one hundred and fifty pounds. Baron. Colours which arise on telmetal, when melted und poured on the ground, in open air, like the colours of water bubbles, are changed §: $g them at divers obliquities. goton,

To Be Lo'ck. v.a. [from be and lock.] To fasten as with a lock. This is the hand, which with a vow'd contract Was fast belock'd in thine. balipeare. BE'Lo MAN cy. n.s.. [from 863 and oar11:2.] Belonancy, or divination by arrows, hath been in request with hians, Alans, Germans, with the Africans, and Turks of Algier. Brown's Vulger Erreurs. To Be Lo'N G. v. n. [belangen, Dutch.] 1. To be the property of. To light on a part of a field belonging to Boaz. Åuik,

2. To be the province or business of.
There is no need of such redress;
Orif there were, it not belongs to yeu. Shahp.
The declaration of these latent philosophers

belongs to another paper. - oyle. To Jove the care of heav'nand earth belongs. Dryden.

3. To adhere, or be appendant to. He went into a desart belonging to Bethsaida. Luka. 4. To have relation to. To whom belongest thou? whence art thou ? l Samuel. 5. To be the quality or attributes of. The faculties belonging to the supreme spirit, are unlimited and boundless, fitted and designed for infinite objects. Chyna. 6. To be referred to ; to relate to. He careth for things that belong to the Lord. 1 Corinth. Be Lo've d-participle.[from belove, derived of love. It is observable, that though theparticiple be of very frequent use, the verb is seldom or never admitted ; as , we say, you are much beloved by me, but not, I belove you..] Loved; dear. I think it is not meet, Mark Antony, so well belov'd of Caesar, Should outlive Caesar. Shai-Arara. In likeness of a dove The Spirit descended, while the Father's voice From heav'npronounc'd him hisbeloved Scn.osilt. Be Lo'w. prep. [from be and low.] 1. Under in place; not so . For all below the moon I would not leap. Skai, He 'll beat Aufidius' head below his knee, And tread upon his neck. SBałpeare. 2. Inferiour in dignity. The noble Venetians think themselves equal at least to the electors of the empire, and but one degree below kings. 4ddizes. 3. Inferiour in excellence. His Idylliums of Theocritus are as much below his Manilius, as the fields are below the stars. Feitas. 4. Unworthy of; unbefitting. 'T is much below me on his throne to sit; But when I do you shall petition it. Dryden. BE Lo'w.adw. 1. In the lower place; in the place nearest the centre. To men standing below on the ground, those that be on the top of Paul's seem much less than they are, and cannot be known; but, to men above, those below seem nothing so much lessened, and may be known. Bacer. The upper regions of the air perceive the collection of the matter of the tempests and winds before the air here below ; and therefore the obscuring of the smaller stars, is a sign oftenpest following. <!His sultry heatinfects the sky; The ground below is parch'd, the heav'ns above us try. Dryden. This said, he led them up themountain's brow, And shew'd them all the shining fields below. - - Dryden. 2. On earth, in opposition to beaven. And let no tears from erring pity flow, For one that's bless'd above, immortaliz'd below. Smith. - The fairest child of Jove, Below for ever sought, and bless'd above. Prior. 3. In hell; in the regions of the dead : o to heaven and earth. he gladsome ghosts in circling troops attend; Delight to hover near, and long to know What bus'ness brought him to the realms below.

Dryden. When suff'ring saints aloft in beams shall glow,

And prosp’rous traitors gnash their teeth below.

Tickel.

To Be Lowt. v. a. [from be, and lowt, a word of contempt..] To treat with opprobrious language; to call names. Obsolete. Sieur Gaulard, when he heard a gentleman report, that at a supper they had not only good cheer, but also savoury epigrams, and fine amaÉ. returning home, rated and belowted is cook, as an ignorant scullion, that never . dressed him either epigramsor anagrams. Camden. BElswa's GER. n. 4. A cant word for a whoremaster. You are a charitable belowagger; my wife cried out fire, and you cried out for engines. ent, BELT. m. s. [belz, Sax. baltheus, Lat.] A girdle; a cincture in which a sword, or some weapon, is commonly hung. He cannot buckle his distemper'd cause Within the belt of rule. Shakspeare. Ajax slew himself with the sword given him by #. and Hector was dragged about the walls of roy by the bel: given him by Ajax. South. Then snatch'd the shining belt, with gold inlaid; The belt Eurytion's artful hands had made. Dryd. BElw E"THE R. m. s. [from bell and we*her.] A sheep which leads the flock with a bell on his neck. The fox will serve my sheep to gather, And drive to follow after their belovether. Spenr. To offer to get your living by the copulation of cattle; to be a bawd to a beswether, Shakop. The flock of sheep and belwether thinking to break into another's pasture, and being to pass over another bridge, justled till both fell into the ditch. owel.

To BELY'. See BELIE.

To BEMA'D. v. a. [from be and mad.] To make mad ; to turn the brain. - Making just report, Of how unnatural and broadding sorrow The king hath cause to plain, Shalopeare. To BEM I’R E. v. a. [from be and mire.] To drag or incumber, in the mire; to soil by o through dirty places, Away they rode in homely sort, Their journey long, their money short; The loving couple well hemir'd: The horse and the riderstir’d. Swift. To Be Mo’AN. v. a. [from Tomoan.] To lament; to bewail; to express sorrow

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come with musing; dreaming : a word of contempt. Is there a parson much bemus'd in beer, A maudling poetess, a rhiming peer : , Pope, BENCH. n.s.. [benc, Sax. banc, Fr.] 1. A seat, distinguished from a stool by its greater length. . The seats and benches shone of ivory, An hundred nymphs sat side by side about. Spent. All Rome is pleas'd when Statius will rehearse; And longing crowds expect the promis'diverse: His lofty numbers with so great a gust g They hear, and swallow with such eager lust: But, while the common suffrage crown'd his cause, And broke the benches with their loud applause: His muse had starv'd, had not a piece unread, And by a player bought, supply'd her bread... Loydon. 2. A seat of justice; the seat where judges

ls. To pluck down justice from your awful bench; To trip the course of law. Shakrôeare. Cyriac, whose grandsire on the royal bench Of British Themis, with no mean ap slause, Pronounc'd, and in his volumes taught ourlaws, Which others at their bar so cften wrench. l ilton. 3. The persons sitting on a bench; as, the whole bench voted the same way. Fools to popular praise aspire Of publick speeches, which worse fools admire; While, from both benches, with redoubled sounds, Th' applause of lords and cemmoners abounds. To Bench. v.a. [from the noun.] ". I. To furnish with benches. - . ‘Twas beneb'd with turf, and goodly to be seen, The thick young grass arose in fresher green. Drydon. 2. To seat upon a bench. His cupbearer, whom I from meaner form Have bench'd, and rear'd to worship. Shakspeare. Be’NCHE.R. m. s. [from bench.] Those entlemen of the inns of court are called jo. who have been readers; they being admitted to plead within the bar, are also called inner barristers. The benchers, being the seniors of the house. are intrusted with its government aud direction, and out of them is a treasurer yearly chosen. Joivunt. Chamber

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I was taking a walk in the gardens of Lincoln's Inn, a favour that is indulged me by several bencher, who are grown old with me. Tatler. To BEN D. v. a. pret. bended, or bent ; part. pass. bended, or bent. [benban, Saxon; bander, Fr. as Skinner thinks, from pandare, Lat.] 1. To make crooked flect. The rainbow compasseth the heavens with a lorious circle, and the hands of the Most High }. bended it. Ecclus. They bend their bows, they whirl their slings - around: Heaps of spent arrowsfall, and strew the ground; And helms, and shields, and rattling arms, resound. Dryden. 4. To direct to a certain point. Octavius and Mark Antony Came down upon us with a mighty power, Bending their expedition tow'rd Philippi. Shaks. Why dost thou bend thy eyes upon the earth, And start so often, when thousitt'stalone? Shak. Your gracious eyes upon this labour bend. - Fairfix. To that sweet region was our voyage bent, When winds, and ev'ry warring element, l)isturb’d our course. Dryden. Then, with a ruching sound, th'assembly land Diverse their steps; the rival rout ascend The royal dome. Poe. 3. To apply to a certain purpose ; to intend the mind. Men will not bend their wits to examine, whether things, wherewith they have been accustomed, be good or evil. oofer. He is within, with two right reverend fathers, ivinely bent to meditation. Shakspeare. When he fell into the gout, he was no longer able to bend his mind or thoughts to any publick business. Temple. 4. To put anything in order for use : a metaphor taken from bending the bow. ' ' I'm settled, and hend up Fach corporal agent to this terrible feat. Shop. As a fowler was bending his net, a blackbird asked him what he was doing? L'Estrange. 5. To incline. But when to mischief mortals bend their will, How soon they find fit instruments of ill! Pope. 6. To subdue ; to make submissive. ; as, war and famine will bend our enemies. 7. To bend the brow. To knit the brow; to frown. ". Some have been seen to bite their pen, scratch "...their head, Bend their brows, bite their lips, beat " the board, and tear their paper. É. To BEN D. v. n. 1.To be incurvated. 2. Tolean or jut over. ... There is a cliff, whose high and bending head * Looks fearfully on the confined deep. Shakop. 3. To resolve; to determine: in this sense , the participle is commonly used. Z_Not so, for once, indulg'd they sweep the main, Deaf to the call, or, hearing, hear in vain; But, bent on mischief, bear the waves before. - ryden,

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D While good, and anxious for his friend, He 's still severely bent against himself; Renouncing sleep, and rest, and food, and ease. Addison. A state of slavery, which they are bent upon with so much eagerness and obstinacy. Addison. He is every where bent on instruction, and avoidsall manner of digressions. Addison, 4. To be submissive; to bow,

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The sons of them that afflicted thee still come bending unto thee. Isaiak. BEN D. n. 4. [from To bend.] 1. Flexure; incurvation. - 'T is true, this god did shake; His coward lips did from their colour fly; ...And that same eye, whose lend doth awe the world, Did lose its lustre. Shakpeare. 2. The crooked timbers which make the ribs or sides of a ship. Skinner. 3. [With heralds.] One of the eight honourable ordinaries, containing a fifth when uncharged ; but, when charged, a third part of the escutcheon. It is made by two lines, drawn thwartways from the dexter chief to the sinister base point. Harris. BE'N DABLE. adj. [from bend..] That may be incurvated ; that may be inclined. Be’N DER. m. s. [from To bend.] 1. The person who bends. 2. The instrument with which anything is bent. These bows, being somewhat like the long bows in use amongst us, were bent only by 4 man's immediate strength, without the help of any leader, or rack, that are used to others. Willins's Mathematical Magick. Dirt. BEN E 'A PE D. adj. from neaf..] A ship is said to be bencaped, when the water does not flow high enough to bring her off the ground, over a bar, or out of a dock. BENE’Ath. prop. [beneoč, Sax. Beneden, * Dutch.] 1. Under; lower in place : opposed to above. - Their woolly flecces, as the rites requir’d, He laid beneath him, and to rest retir’d. Dryd. Ages to come might Ormond's picture know; And palms for thee, beneath his laurels grow. rror, 2. Under, as overborn or overwhelmed by some pressure. Our country sinks beneath the yoke; It weeps, it bleeds, and each new day a gash is added to her wounds.” Skokopezre. And oft on rocks their tender wings they

tear, And sink beneath the burdens which they bear. rydo. 3. Lower in rank, excellence, or dignity. Wehave reason to be persuaded, that there are for more species of creatures above us, thin othere are beneath." Leck. 4. Unworthy of;unbeseeming; not equal to. He will do nothing that is beneath his high station, nor omit doing anything which becomes it. - tterbury. BENE’AT H. ada. I. In a lower place ; under. I destroyed the Amorite before them : I destroyed his fruits from above, and his rootsfrom beneath. Afarer. The earth which you take from beneath, will be barren and unfruitful. JMartiarrr. 2. Below, as opposed to heaven. Anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath. Exodus. Trembling I view the dread abyss beneath, Hell's horrid mansions, and the realms of death, 3 ukon,

Be's Edict. adj.[benedictus, Lat.] Having
mild and salubrious qualities: an old
physical term.
It is not a small thing won in physick, if you
can make rhubarb, and other medicines that are
benedict, as strong purgers as those that are not
without some malignity. Bacon.
PENED1'ction. n.s.. [henedictio, Lat.]
1. Blessing; a decretory pronunciation of
happiness.
A sov’reign shame sobows him; his unkind-

ness, That stript her from his benediction, turn'd her To foreign casualties, gave her dear rights To his doghearted daughters. Sbak peare. From him will raise A mighty nation; and upon him show'r His benediction so, that, in his seed, All nations shall be blest. Milton. 2. The advantage conferred o blessing. Prosperity is the blessing of the Old Testament: adversity is the blessing of the New ; which carrieth the greater benediction, and the clearer revelation of God's favour. Bacon. 3. Acknowledgments for blessings received; thanks. Could he less expect Than glory and benediction, that is, thanks? Milton. Suchingenious and industrious persons are delighted in searching out natural rarities; reflecting upon the Creator of them his due praises and enedictions. Ray. 4. The form of instituting an abbot. What consecration is to a bishop, that benediction is to an abbot; but in a different way: for a bishop is not properly such, till consecration; but an abbot, being elected and confirmed, is properly such before 5. Ayliffe. BEN F. FA'crios. m. s. [from benefacio, Lat.] 1. The act of conferring a benefit. 2. The benefit conferred: which is the more usual sense. -One part of the knofactions, was the expression of a generous and grateful mind. BENEFA'coro R. n.s.[from benefacio, Lat.] He that confers a benefit; frequently he that contributes to some public charity: it is used with of, but oftener with to, before the person benefited. Then swell with pride, and must be titled gods, Grcat § of mankind, deliverers, Worship'd with temple, priest, and sacrifice. AMilton. From that preface he took his hint, though he had the baseness not to acknowledge his beneactor. " Dryden. I cannot but look upon the writer as my benefactor, if he conveys to me an improvement of my understanding. ... , Addison. Whoever makes ill returns to his to." must needs be a common enemy to man o touro. BENEFA'corr Ess. n.s. (from benefactor.] A woman who confers a benefit. BE'N EF1C E. n. . [from beneficium, Lat.] Advantage conferred on another. This word is generally taken for all ecclesiastical livings, be they dignities or others. Cowell. And of the priest estsoons 'gan to enquire, How to a i. he might aspire. panier. Much to himself he thought, but little spoke,

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- Atterbury.

Be’Nefice D. adj. [from benefice.] Pos-
sessed of a benefice, or church prefer-
ment.
The usual rate between the beneficed man and
the religious person, was one moiety of the be-
nefice. Ayliffo.
BENE/F ic EN ce. n. . [from beneficent.]
The practice of doing good ; active
goodness.
You could not extend your beneficence to so
many persons; yet you have lost as few days as
Aurelius. Dryden.
Love and charity extends our beneficence to the
miseries of our brethren. Rogers.
BEN E^fic ENT. adj. [from beneficus, bene-
ficentior, Lat.] Kind ; doing good. It
differs from benign, as the act from the
disposition; beneficence being kindness
or benignity exerted in action.
Such a creature could not have his origination
from any less than the most wise and *#:
being, the great God. - ale.
But Phoebus, thou, to man beneficent,
Delight'st in building cities. rior.
BEN EF 1'c1 Al. adj. [from beneficium, Lat.j
1. Advantageous ; conferring benefits ;
profitable; useful : with to before the
person benefited. :
Not anything is made to be lenficial to him,
but all things for him, to shew beneficence and
grace in them. A - - - Hooker.
This supposition grants the opinion to con-
duce to order in the world, consequently to be
... very beneficial to mankind. Tilletion.
The war, which would have been most bene-
Jicial to us, and destructive to the enemy, was
neglected. .
Are the present revolutions in circular orbs,
more lengoial than the other would be? Bentley.
2. Helpful; medicinal.
In the first access of such a disease, any deob-
struent, without much acrimony, is beneficial.
- Arbuthnet.
BENEFI’ct A. L. m. s. An old word for a
benefice. . . . . . .
For that the groundwork is, and end of all,
How to obtain a lensicial. Sponser.
BEN EF 1'C1A LLY. adv. [from beneficial.]
Advantageously; profitably; helpfully.
BENEFI’cia LN Ess. n.s.. [from beneficial.]
Usefulness; profit; helpfulness.
Though the knowledge of these objects becom-
mendable for their contentation and curiosity,
yet they do not commend their knowledge to us,
upon the account of their usefulness and beneft-
cialness. - Hale.
BENE fisci ARY adj.[from benefice.]Hold-
ing something in subordination to an-
other; having a dependentand secondary
possession, without sovereign power.
The duke of Parma was tempted by no less
promise, than to be made a feudatory or bene-
friary king of England, under the seignory in
chief of the pope. 4-ton-
Be N r F1'ci ARY. m. s. He that is in pos-
session of a benefice.
A benefice is either said to be a benefice with
the cure of souls, or otherwise. In the first case,
if it be annexed to another benefice, the bene.
ficiary is obliged to serve the parish church in his
own proper person. Ayliffe.
BE'NEFIT. n. . [beneficium, Lat.]
1. A kindness; a favour conferred; an act
of love.

When noble benefits shall prove No: well dispos'd, the mind grown once corrupt, They turn to vicious forms. Shakspeare: Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits. Psalms. Offer'd life

Ne not, and the benefit embrace By faith, not void of works. 2. Advantage; profit; use. The creature abateth his strength for the benofit of such as put their trust in thee. Wisdom. 3. In law. Benefit of clergy is an ancient liberty of the church: when a priest, or one within orders, is arraigned of felony before a secular judge, he may pray his clergy; that is, pray to be delivered to his ordinary, to purge himself of the offence objected to him: and this might be done in case of murder. The ancient law, in this point of Jergy, is much altered; for clerks are no more delivered to their ordinaries to be urged, but now every man, though not within §rders, is put to read at the bar, being found guilty, and convicted of such felony as this bene: is granted for; and so burnt in the hand, and "set free for the first time, if the ordinary's commissioner, or deputy, ...; by, do say, Jerit at cleriews; or, otherwise, suffereth death for his , transgression. Cowell. To Be"NEFIT. v. a. [from the noun..] To do good to ; to advantage. - What course I mean to hold, Shall nothing henjit your knowledge. : - He was so far from benefiting trade, that fie did it a great injury, and brought Rome in danger of a famine. Arbuthnot. To Be'N EF it. v. n. To gain advantage; to make improvement. To tell you therefore what I have bongsted herein, among old renowned authors, I shall spare. Milton. Base's PT. adj. [See NEM pr.] Named; marked out. Obsolete. Much greater gifts for guerdon thoushalt gain, . Than kid or cosset, which I thee bettempt; Then up, I say." - Spenter. To BENE’r. o. a. [from not..] To ensnare; to surround as with toils. Being thus benetted round with villains; Fre I could snark the Too to my bane They had begun the play. ... Shakspeare. BENE’vo LEN CE. m... [benevolentia, Lat.] 1. Disposition to do good; kindness; charity; good-will. Grasp the whole worlds of reason, life, and sense, In one close system of benevolence. . Pope. 2. The good done; the charity given. 3. A kind of tax: This tax, called a benevolence, was devised by Edward iv. for which he sustained much envy. It was abolished by Richard III. Bacon. BRN E'vo LEN r. adj. [benevolens, benevolentia, Lat.] Kind; having good-will, er kind inclinations. Thou good old men, henevolent as wise. Pope. Nature all Is blooming and benevolent like thee. Thomson. BEN E'vo LEN T N Ess. n. J. Benevolence. BEN GA’l. n. s. [from Benga! in the East Indies.] A sort of thin slight stuff, made of silk and hair, for women’s apparel. BF'N JAM 1 N. n. 4. A plantBé'N JAMIN. n. s. A gun. See BENzoi N.

Milton.

To Be Ni‘ght, v. a. [from night.] 1. To involve in darkness; to darken; to shrowd with the shades of night. He that has light within his own clear breast, May sit i' th' center, and enjoy bright day: But he that hides a dark soul, and foul thoughts, Benighted walks under the mid-day sun; Himself is his own dungeon. Miłon. Those bright stars that did adorn our hemisphere, as those dark shades that did benight it, vanish. %. A storm begins, the raging waves run high, The clouds lock heavy, and benight the sky. Gar:b. The miscrable race of men, that live Benighted half the year, benumm'd with frosts, Under the polar Bea; , , , Philips. . To surprise with the coming on of night. ing benighted, the sight of a candle, I saw a good way off, directed me to a young shepherd's house. - Sidney. Here some benighted angel, in his way, Might ease his wings; and, seeing heav'n appear In its best work of mercy, think it there. Dryd. 3. To debar from intellectual light; to cloud with ignorance. But what so long in vain, and yet unknown By poor mankind's Aenighted wit, is sought, Shall in this age to Britain first be shown. Dryd. BENIGN. adj. [benignus, Lat. It is pronounced without the g, as if written benine ; but the g is preserved in Benignity.] 1. Kind; generous; liberal; actually good. See BENE fic ENT. This turn hath made amends! Thou hast ful

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- fill’d Thy words, Creator bounteous and benign f Giver of all things fair. Miłror,

So shall the world go on, To good malignant, to bad men benign, Mills. We owe more to Heav'n, than to the sword, The wish'd return of so benign a lord. Hailer. What Heav'n bestows upon the earth, in kind influences and benign aspects, is paid it back in sacrifice and adoration. South. They who delight in the suffering of inferiour creatures, will not be very compassionate or benign. Lazio.

Diff'rent are thy names,

As thy kind hand has founded many cities,

Or dealt benign thy various gifts to men. Prior.

2. Wholesome ; not malignant. These salts are of a benign mild nature, in healthy persons; but, in others, retain their original qualities, which they discover in cachexies. Arbuthner.

BENIGN Disease, is when all the usual

symptoms appear in the small-pox, or any acute discase, favourably, and without any irregularities, or unexpected changes. Suinoy.

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1. Graciousness; goodness. It is true, that his mercy will forgive offenders, or his Benignity co-operate to their conversion. rotto. Although he enjoys the good that is done him, he is unconcerned to value the benignity of him that does it. South.

2. Actual kindness.

He who h useth the benefit of any special enigrity, may enjoy it with good conscience. - Jiraier.

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