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perfection. I profess not talking: only this, Let each man do his best. Skokopetre.

The duke did his best to come down. Bacon. He does this to the best of his power. Locke. My friend, said he, our sport is at the best. - Addison. 3. To make the best. To carry to its greatest perfection; to improve to the utmost. Let there he feedom to carry their commodities where they may make the best of them, except theie be some special cause of caution. Bacon. His father left him an hundred drachmas; Almaschar, in order to make the best of it, laid it cut in glasses. Addison. We set sail, and made the best of our way, till we were forced, by contrary winds, ingo St. Re

Ino. Addison. BEST. adv. [from well.] In the highest degree of goodness. We shall dwell in that place where he shall choose; in one of thy gates, where it liketh him best. Deuteronomy. BEst is sometimes used in composition. These latter best-betrust spies had some of them further instructions, to draw off the best friends and servants of Perkin, by making remonstrances to them, how weakly his enterprize and hopes were built. Bacon. By this law of loving even our enemies, the christian religion discovers itself to be the most generous and best-natured institution that ever was in the world. Tillotson. To Best A' N. v. a. [from stain.] To mark with stains; to spot. • We will not line his thin beitained cloke With our pure honours. Shakspears. To BEST E/AD. v. a. I bested; I have bested. [from stead.] 1. To profit. Hence, vain deluding joys! The brood of folly, without father bred; How little you bestead, Or fill the fixed mind with all your toys! Milton. 2. To treat; to accommodate. This should rather be bested. They shall pass through it hardly bestead, and : hungry. Isaiah. Be’st I al. adj. [from beast.] 1. Belonging to a beast, or to the class of beasts. His wild disorder'd walk, his haggard eyes, Did all the bestial citizens surprize. Dryden, 3. Having the qualities of beasts; brutal; below the dignity of reason or humanity; carnal. I have lost the immortal part of myself, and what remains is testial. , Shakspeare's Othelio. 4oreover urge his hateful luxury, And baitial appetite, in change of lust. Shako.

For those, the race of Israel oft forsook Their living strength, and unfrequented left His righteous altar, bowing lowly down To hostial gods. Milton, The things promised are not gross and carnal. such as may court and gratify the most otias part of us. Decay of Piety. BEST I A(lity. n. 4. [from bestial.j The quality of beasts; degeneracy from hu-man nature. What can be a greater absurdity, than to affirm bertiality to §: the conce of humanity, and darkness the centre of light 2 Arbuth. and Pope's Mart: Scriòl. BE'st 1 ALLY. adv. [from bertial.] Brutally; in a manner below humanity. To Best 1'ck. v. a. preterit, I bestuck; I have bestuck. [from stick.] To stick over with any thing; to mark any thing by infixing points or spots here and there. Truth shall retire, Bestuck with sland’rous darts; and works of faith Rarely be found. AMilton. To Best I'R. v. a. [from stir.] 1. To put into vigorous action, . It is seldom used otherwise than with the reciprocal pronoun. As when men wont to watch On duty, sleeping found by whom they dread, Rouze and bestir themselves erewell awake. Milt. Bestirs her then, and from each tender stalk . Whatever earth, all-bearing mother, yields, She gathers. Paradise Lost. But, as a dog that turns the spit Retiri himself, and plies his feet To climb the wheel; but all in vain, His own weight brings him down again. * Hudibrar. Whataileth them, that they must needs tentir themselves to get in air, to maintain the creature's life 2 Ray2. It is used by Shakspeare with a common word. I am scarce in breath, my lord.—No marvel: you have so bestirred your valour, you cowardly rascal' Shakspore. To BESTO’W. v. a. [besteden, Dutch.] 1. To give ; to confer upon : commonly with upon. All men would willingly have yielded him praise; but his nature was such as to bestovoito upon himself, before any could give it. Soy: All the dedicated things of the house of the Lord did they bestow upon Baalim. 2 Chronicles. 2. Sometimes with to. Sir Julius Cæsar had, in his office, the disposition of the six clerks places; which he had bestowed to such persons as he thought fit. Clarendo. 3. To give as charity or bounty. Our Saviour doth plainly witness that there should not be as much as a cup of coldwater be: stowed for his sake, without reward. . Hooker. And though he was unsatisfied in getting, Which was a sin; yet in bestowing, madam, lie was most princely. Shakspeare. Spain to your gist alone her Indies owes; For what the pow'rful takes not, he lestow. - Dryden. You always exceed expectations: as if yours was not your own, but to bestow on wanting merit. Drydon. 4. To give in marriage. Good rev'rend father, make my person yours; And tell me how you would bestow yourself. Séakpcart,

, I could have bestowed her upon a fine gentleman, who extremely admired her. Tatler. 5. To give as a present. Pure oil and incense on the fire they throw, And fat of victims which his friends bestow. 6. To apply. The sea was not the duke of Marlborough's element; otherwise the whole force of the war would infallibly have been bestowed there.

Swift. 7. To lay out upon. And thou shalt bestow that money for whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, for oxen, sheep, or for wine. Deuteronomy. 8. To lay up; to stow ; to place. And when he came to the tower, he took them from their hand, and bestowed them in the house. 2 Kings. BesToow ER. m. s. [from bestow.] Giver; he that confers anything ; disposer. They all agree in making one supreme God; and that there are several beings that are to be worshipped under him; some as the bestoryers of thrones, but subordinate to the Supreme. Stillingfect. Best RA'u GHT. part. [Of this participle I have not found the verb ; by analogy we may derive it from bestract; perhaps it is corrupted from distraught.] Distracted ; mad; out of one's senses; out of one's wits. Ask Marian, the fat alewife, if she knew me not. What! I am not bestraught. Shakspears. To BEs.T 1: E'w. v. a. part. pass. bestrewed, or bestrown. [from strew.] To sprinkle over. So thick bertrown, Abject and lost lay these, covering the flood, Milton. To Best RI'd E. v. a. I bestrid; I have bestrid, or bestridden. [from stride.] 1. To stride over any thing ; to have any to: between one’s legs. Why, man, he doth bestride the narrow world like a colossus. Shakpeare. Make him bertride the ocean, and mankind Ask his consent to use the sea and wind. Waller. 2. To step over. That I see thee here, Thou noble thing more dances my rapt heart, Than when I first my wedded mistress saw Aestride my threshold. - Shakspeare.

3. It is often used, in the consequential sense, for to ride on. He bestrides the lazy pacing clouds, And sails upon the bosom of the air. . Shakup. That horse, that thou so often hast bestrid, That horse, that I so carefully have dress'd. Shao peare. Venetians do not more uncouthly ride, Than did their lubber state mankind bestride. 19-yden. The bounding steed you pompously be tride Shares with his lord the pleasure and the pride. Aope. 4. It is used sometimes of a man standing over something which he defends: the present mode of war has put this sense out of use. He bestrid An o'erpress'd Roman, and i' th' consuls view Slew three opposers: Tarquin's self he met, And struck him on his knees. Shakspéare. lf thousee me down in the battle, and best ide me, so; "t is a point of friendship. Shak-peare. He deth bestride a bleeding land, gasping for life under great Bourgbroke. Shor

To Bestu'D. v. a. [from stud.] To adorn.
with studs, or shining prominences.
Th’ unsought diamonds
Would so emblaze the forehead of the deep,

. And so bestud with stars, that they below

Would grow inur'd to light. Milton. BET. n. 4. [pebbian, to wager; peo, a wager, Sax from which the etymologists derive bet. I should rather imagine it to come from betan, to mend, increase, or better, as a bet increases the original wager.] A wager; something laid to be won upon certain conditions. The hoary fool, who many days Has struggled with continued sorrow, Renews his hope, and blindly lays The desp'rate bet upon to-morrow. His pride was in piquette, Newmarket fame, and judgment at a bet. Pope. To Ber. v. a. [from the noun..] To wager; to stake at a wager. He drew a good bow: and dead?. John of Gaunt loved him well, and betted much upon his head. Shak'peare. He flies the court, for want of clothes; Cries out 'gainst cocking, since he cannot bet. Ben jonton,


The god, unhappily engag’d, Complain'd, and sigh'd, and cried, and fretted, Lost every earthly thing he betted. Prior. BET. The old preterit of beat. He staid for a better hour, till the hammer had wrought and bet the party more pliant. Bacan. To BET A/K F. v. a. pret. I betook ; part. pass, betaken. [from take.] 1. To take ; to seize: an obsolete sense. Then to his hands that writ he did betake, Which he disclosing read. Spenter.

2. To have recourse to : with the reciprocal pronoun. The adverse party letaling itself to such practices as men embrace, when they behold things brought to desperate extremities. Hooker. Thou tyrant

Do not repent these things; for they areheavier Than all thy woes can stir; therefore betake ther To nothing but despair. Shakspeare.

The rest, in imitation, to like arms Betook them, and the neighbouring hills up tore. JMilton.

3. To apply: with the reciprocal pronoun. With ease such fond chimeras we pursue, As fancy frames for fancy to subdue : But when ourselves to action we betake, It shuns the mint, like gold that chymists make. Dryden. Asmy observations have been the light . by I have steered my course, so I betake myself, to them again. - Woodward. 4. To move ; to remove. Soft she withdrew; and, like a wood nymph 1stit, Oread or Dryad, or of Delia's train, JBetool her to the groves. Milton. They both betool then several ways; Both to destroy. AMilton. To Bf 1 E'EM. v. a. [from teem.] To bring forth ; to bestow ; to give. So would I, said th' enehanter, glad and fia Beteen to you his sword, you to defend ; But that this weapon's pow'r I well have kenn'd To be contrary to the work that ye intend. Fairy Queen.

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72 BETH1'N K. v. a. I betbought; I have Arthought. [from think.] To recal to reflection ; to bring back to consideration or recollection. It is generally used with the reciprocal pronoun, and of before the subject of thought. They were sooner in danger than they could almost betlink themselves of change. Sidney. I have bathought me of another fault: ...Shako. I, better bethinking myself, and misliking his determination, gave him this order. Raleigh. He himself, Insatiable of glory, had lost all: Yet of another plea bethought him soon. Milton. The nurs were laid, yet the birds could never Hethink the telves till hampered, and past recovery. - L'Estrange. Chérippus, then in time yourself brthink; And what your rags will yield by auction, sink. Dryden. A little consideration may allay his heat, and make him Aethink himself, whether this attempt be worth the veuture. Locle. BE"THLEHEM. m. s. [See BEDLAM.] A hospital for lunaticks. Be’THLEH E M IT E. m. s. [See BEd LaMITE.] A lunatick; an inhabitant of a madhouse. BET Ho'U G 11 r. participle. [from bethink : which see.] To Beth RA’l. v.a. [from thrall.] To enslave; to conquer; to bring into subjection. Ne let that wicked woman 'scape away, For she it is that did my lord bethral. Spenser. To BET HU’M P. v. a. [from thump.] To beat; to lay blows upon : a ludicrous

wcrd. I was never so hetkumpt with words, Since first I call'd my brother's father dad. Shakspeare. To Bo T1'D E. z. m. pret. It betided, or betid; part. pass. betid. [from tib, Sax. See TI D E.] 1. To happen to ; to befal; to bechance, whether good or bad : with the person. Said he then to the palmer, reverend sire, What great misfortune hath belid this knight 2 Spenser. But say, if our deliverer up to heav'n Must reascend; what will betise the few, His faithful, left among th' unfaithful herd, The enemies of truth JMilton. 2. Sometimes it has to. Neither know I What is betid to Cloten; but remain Perpiext in all. Słakıpeare.

g. To come to pass; to fall out ; to hap-
pen i without the person.
She, when her turn was come her tale to tell,
Told of a strange adventure that bettled
Betwixt the fox, and th' ape by him misguided.
In winter's tedious nights sit by the fire
With good old folks, and let them tell thee tales
Of woeful ages, long ago betid. Sbakıpeare.
Let me hear from thee by letters
Of thy success in love; and what news else
Betideth here in absence of thy friend, Shakop,
4. To become ; to be the fate: with of.
If he were dead, what would betide3.thee?

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Send succouts,lotds, and stop the rage before: *:::::: To measure life learn thou betimer, and sonow Tow'rd solid good what leads the nearest way. - Mittro. 2. Soon ; before long time has passed. Whiles they are weak, betimes with then contend; For when they once to perfect strength do grow, , Strong wars they make. Sorrier. He tires 4etimes, that spurs too fast Betirer. Shakspears. There be some have an over early ripeness in their years, which fadeth betimes: these are first, such as have brittle wits, the edge is soon turned. Bazan. Remember, thy Creator in the days of thr }. that is, enter upon a religious course ctimes. ‘Tilletsas, Short is the date, alas! of modern rhymes; And "t is but just to let them live betimes. Pot. 3. Early in the day. He that drinks all night, and is hanged 5times in the morning, may sleep the sounder next day. Shaftspears. They rose betimes in the morning, and offered sacrifice. 1 Maccabezi. BE’t le. } n. *. [. adulterinum.] An BET R e. 5 Indian plant, called water pepper. Dir:To Beto'ke N. v. a. [from token.] 1. To signify ; to mark; to represent. We know not wherefore churches should be the worse, if, at this time, when they are delivered into God's own possession, ceremonies fit to betoken such intents, and to accompany such actions, be usual. oaker. A dewy cloud, and in the cloud a bow Conspicuous with three listed colours gay, Betokening peace from God. 2. To foreshow ; to presignify. The kindling azure, and the mountain's brow Illum'd with fluid gold, his near approach Betoken glad. Tborror. Be'ron Y. n.s.. [betonica, Lat..] A plant, greatly esteemed as a vulnerary herb. Miller. Beto'o K. irreg-pret. [from betake; which see. To Beto'ss. v. a.[from toss.] To disturb; to agitate ; to put into violent motion. What said my man, when my befosted soul Did not attend him as we rode Slalipeura. To BETRA’Y. v. a. [trabir, Fr.] 1. To give into the hands of enemies by treachery, or breach of trust: with to before the person, otherwise into. If ye be come to betray me to mine enemies, seeing there is no wrong in mine hands, the God of our fathers look thereon, and rebuke it. 1 Chroni:/or. Jesus said unto them, The Son of Man shall be betrayed into the hands of men. Matthew. For #. of nothing else but a tetraying of the succours which reason offereth. 'ifix. He was not to be won, either by promise of reward, to betray the city. Rroller, 2. To discover that which has been entrusted to secrecy. 3. To expose to evil by revealing something entrusted. How would'st thou again betray me, Bearing my words and doings to the Lord! Miłłes. 4. To make known something that were better concealed. Be swift to hear, but be cautious of your tongue, less you betray-your ignorance. Watts,


5. To make liable to fall into something inconvenient. His abilities created him great confidence; and this was like enough to betray him to great errours. Ring Charles. The bright genius is ready to be so forward, as often betrays itself into great errours in judgInent. atti. 6. To show ; to discover. Ire, envy, and despair, Which marr'd his borrow'd visage, and betray'd Him counterfeit, if any eye beheld. Milton. The Veian and the Gabian tow’rs shall fall, And one promiscuous ruin cover all; Nor, after length of years, a stone betray The place where once the very ruinslay. Addison. BETRA’Y E. R. n. 3. [from betray.] He that betrays; a traitor. The wise man doth so say of fear, that it is a betrayer of the forces of reasonable understand* Hooker. ou cast down your courage through fear, the betrayer of all succours which reason can afford. Sir jo. Hayward. They are only a few betrayers of their country; they are to purchase coin, perhaps at half price, and vendit among us, to the ruin of the publick. Soft. To BETR 1'M. v. a. [from trim.] To deck; to dress; to grace; to adorn ; to embellish ; to beautify ; to decorate. Thy banks with pioned and twilled brims, Which jã April at thy hest letrins,

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Dutch..] . 1. To contract to any one, in order to marriage; to affiance : used either of men or women. He, in the first flower of my freshest age, Betrathed me unto the only heir Of a most mighty king, most rich and sage. - - Spenter. To her, my lord, Was I betrotted, ere I Hermia saw. Shakspeare. By soul's publick promise she Was sold then, and setroth'd to victory. Cowley. 2. To have, as affianced by promise of marriage. And what man is there that hath betroiled a wife, and hath not taken her ? let him go and return into his house. IJeuteronomy. 3. To nominate to a bishoprick, in order to consecration. If any person be consecrated a bishop to that church, whereunto he was not before betrathed, he shall not receive the habit of consecration, as not being canonically promoted. Ayliff. o BET RU’s T. v. a. [from trust.] To entrust; to put into the power of another, in confidence of fidelity. Betrust him with all the good which our own capacity will allow us, or his sufficiency encourage us, to hope for, cither in this life, or that to come. - Grow. Whatsoever you would betrust to your memory, let it be disposed in a proper method. Watts. # TF R. adj. The comparative of good. [bet, good, beveja, better, Sax.] Having good qualities in a greater degree than something else. So Goo D. He has a horse better than the Neal cliton's; a better bad habit of frowning than the count Fo to seen better faces in my time WOL. I.

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Than stand on any shoulders that I see Before me at this instant. Shakspeare. Having a desire to depart, and be with Christ; which is far better. Philippians. The BE’t f E. R. 1. The superiority; the advantage: with the particle of before him, or that, over which the advantage is gained The Corinthians that morning, as the days before, had the better. Sidney. The voyage of Drake and Hawkins was unfortunate; yet, in such sort, as doth not break our prescription, to have had the */ the Spaniards. attoo. Dionysius, his countryman, in an epistle to Pompey, after an express comparison, affords him the better of Thucydides. Brown's Pug. Er. You think fit To get the better of me, and you shall; Since you will have it so;-1 will be yours. S. a berne. The gentleman had always so much to a better !. satirist, that the persons touched did not now where to fix their resentinent. Prior. 2. Improvement; as, for toe better, so as to improve it. If I have altered him any where for the better, I must at the same time acknowledge, that I could have done nothing without him. DrydenBE’rt E. R. adv. [comparative of well.] Well, in a greater degree. Then it was better with me than now. Hosea. Better a mechanick rule were stretched or broken, than a great beauty were omitted. Dryd. The better to understand the extent of our knowledge, one thing is to be observed. Locke. He that would know the idea of infinity, cannot do *-tter, than by considering to what infinity is attributed. Locke. To Be."; T E R. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To improve ; to meliorate. The cause of his taking “pon him our nature, was to bei or the quality, and to advance the condition thereof. Hooker. He is furnished with my opinion, which is bestored with his own learning. Shakspeare. Heir to all his lands and goods, Which I have better'd rather than decreas'd. o, Shikpeare. But Jonathan, to whom both hearts were known, With well-tim'd zeal, and with an artful care, Restor'd and octor’d soon the nice affair. Cooley. The church of Fngland, the purest and best reformed church in the world; so well reformed, that it will be found easier to alter than better its constitution. South. The Romans took pains to hew out a passage for these lakes to discharge themselves for the beitering of the air. Ziadison. 2. To surpass; to exceed. The works of nature do always aim at that which cannot be bettereof. Hooker. He hath borne himself beyond the promise of his age; he hath, indeed, better bettered expectation, than you must expect of me to tell you. Slal feare.

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what you do Still better, what is done; when you spe: I'd have you do it ever. -: 3. To advance ; to sopport. The king thought his honour would suffer, during a treaty, to 'coter a party. Bacon. B. r. LR. m. s. Loom the ad cctive..] Superiour; one to whom precedence is to be given.

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themselves. Hooker. The courtesy of nations allows you my better, in that you are the first-born. Shakspeare.

That ye thus hospitably live, Is mighty grateful to your betters, And makes e'en gods themselves your debtors. rfor. I have some gold and silver by me, and shall be able to make a shift when many of my letters are starving. Swift. BET to R. n.s.. [from To bet.] One that lays bets or wagers. | observed a stranger among them of a genteeler behaviour than ordinary; but, notwithstanding he was a very fair better, nobody would take him up. Addison. BE’rt Y. m. s. [probably a cant word, signifying an instrument which does what is too often done by a maid within.] An instrument to break open doors. Record the stratagems, the arduous exploits, and the nocturnal scalades, of needy heroes, describing the powerful betty, or the artful picklock. Arbuthnot. BET we'EN. prep. [bezpeonan, betpınan, Saxon; from the original word zpa, two.] I. In the intermediate space. hat modes Of smell, the headlong lioness between Andhound sagacious on the tainted green! Pope. 2. From one to another : noting intercourse. He should think himself unhappy, if things should go so between them, as he should not be able to acquit himself of ingratitude towards them both. Bacon. 3. Belonging to two in partnership. I ask whether Castor and Pollux, with only one soul between them, which thinks and perceives in one what the other is never conscious of, are not two distinct persons? Locke. 4. Bearing relation to two. f there be any discord or suits between them and any of the family, they are compounded and op. - Bacon. oriendship requires, that it be between two at least ; and there can be no friendship where there are not two friends. South. 5. Noting difference, or distinction of one from the other. Their natural constitutions put so wide a difference between some men, that art would never

master. Locke. Children quickly distinguish between what is required of them, and what not. Locke.

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Five years since, there was some speed of a marriage

Betwixt myself and her. Shakpart, #...} n. 3. In masonry and joinery, BE’v I L. 9 a kind of square, one leg of which is frequently crooked, according to the sweep of an arch or vault. It is moveable on a point or centre, and so may be set to any angle. An angle that is not square, is called a bevil angle, whether it be more obtuse, or more acute, than a right o Builder's Dirt: Their housesare very ill built,their walls bevil, without one right anglé in any apartment. Stift.

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cut to a bevel angle. These rabbets are ground square; but theralbets on the groundsel are bevelled downwards, that rain may the freelier fall off. Mo. BE’v ER. See BEA v ER. BE'v ERA GE. n. 4. [from bevere, to drink, Ital.] 1. Drink; liquor to be drank in general I am his cupbearer; If from me he have wholesome beverage, Account me not your servant. Shor: Grains, pulses, and all sorts of fruits, either bread or overage may be made almost fall. Brown's Pulgar Errari. A pleasant beverage he prepar'd befor; Of wine and honey mix'd. Dr. The coarse lean gravel on the mountain sides Scarce dewy bev'rage for the bees ro 2. Beverage, or water cyder, is made by putting the mure into a fat, adding water, as you desire it stronger of smaller. The water should stand for:}; eight hours on it, before you press'; when it is pressed, tun it up, immo" diately. Mortino; 3. A treat upon wearing a new suit of clothes. 4. A treat at first coming into a priso"; called also garnish. BE’v Y. m. s. Lbeva, Ital.] I. Å flock of birds. i 2. A company : an assembly. And o. thereof, o the floor, A lovely hewy of fair ladies sat, Courted of many a jolly paramour. F. Quo. They on the plain' lo not walk'd, when, from the tents,be. () A bevy of fair women. Miller. Nor rode the nymph alone; Around a boy of bright damsels shone...” To Bew A'il. v. a. [from wail.] To". moan; to lament; to express sor" for. In this city he Hath widow’d and unchilded many a on. Which to this hour bervail the injury. Sbato. Yet wiser Ennius gave command to His friends, not to bowail his funeral. Sir jobn Danko I cannot but bewail, as in their first principles, the miseries and calamities of our childre". Adirot. To BEwA'i L. v. n. To express grict. Thy ambition, --Thou scarlet sin, robb'd this bewailing ho Of noble Buckingham, my father-in-law: *

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