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ner; wiris idza.] A small shrub ; and a sweet berry of that shrub ; whortleberry Cricket, to Windsor’s chimneys shalt thou leap; There pinch the maids as blue as bisories. Shakorure. BI'll Bo. m. s. scorrupted from Bishoa, where the best weapons are made..] A rapier: a sword. To be compassed like a good lillo, in the circumference of a peck, iiilt to point, heel to head. - -- Shakspeare. BI'l Bo Es. m. s. A sort of stocks, or woodcn shackles for the feet, used for punishing offenders at sea. Methought I lay Worse than the mutinies in the Assocs. Shaksp. BILE n.s. Lilis, Lot. A thick, yellow, bitter liquor, separated in the liver, collected in the gall bladder, and discharged into the lower end of the duodenum, or 'o' inning of the jejunum, by the commootho, to Ito use is to sheathe or blunt the acids of the chyle, because they, being entangled with its sulphurs, thicken it so, that it cannot be sufficiently diluted by the succus pancreaticus, to en' or the lacteal vessels. *:::::cy. In its progression, soon the labour'd chyle Receives the confluent rills of bitter hile; Which, by the liver sever'd from the blood, And striving through the gall-pipe, here unload Their yellow streams. Blackmore, }} | 1. F. m. s. bile, Sax. perhaps from bilis, Lat. This is generally spelt bois; but I think, less properly.] A sore angry swelling. But yet thou art my flesh, my blood, my daughter: . Or rather a disease that 's in my flesh; Thou art a hile in my corrupted blood. Shaish. Those biles did run—say so—did not the general run were not that a botchy sore?' Shop. A furunculus is a painful tubercle, with a broad basis, arising in a cone. It is generally called a bile, and is accompanied with in Hamma

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beak of a fowl Their bills were thwarted crossways at the end, and with these they would cut an apple in two at one snap. Caretc. It may be tried, whether birds may not be made to have greater or longer bills, or greater or longer talons. Bacon. - - In his hill An olive leaf he brings; pacifick sign Milton. No crowing cock does there his wings display, Nor, with his horny bill, provoke the day. Dryd. BILL. m. s. Lbille, Sax. Epibille, a twoedged axe.] 1. A kind of hatchet with a hooked point, used in country work, as a hedoing bill;

so called from its resemblance in form

to the beak of a bird of prey. Standing troops are servants armed, who use the lance and sword, as other servants do the sickle or the bill, at the command of those who entertain them. - Temple, 2. A kind of weapon anciently garried by the foot ; a battle-axe. Yea, distaff women manage rusty #1: ; Against thyseat both young and old rebel.Sãair, BILL. n. J. Lillet, Fr. J 1. A written paper of any kind. e does receive Particular addition from the bill That writes them all alike. 2. An account of money. Ordinary expence ought to be limited by a man's estate, and ordered to the best, that the bills may be less than the estimation abroad. Bacon. 3. A law presented to the parliament, not yet made an act. * . No new laws can be made, nor old laws abrogated or altered, but by parliament; where bills are prepared, and presented to the two


houses. - - - - - - gi, How now for mitigation of this bill,

Urg'd by the commons? doth his majesty

Incline to it or no? Shakspeare.

4. An act of parliament. There will be no way left for me to tell you that I remember you, and that I love you, but ... that one, which needs no open warrant, or secret conveyance; which no bills can preclude, nor no kings prevent. - 4tterbury. 5. A p'ysician’s prescription. . . . Like him that took the doctor's bill, And swallow'd it instead o' th' pill. Hudibrar. The medicine was prepared according to the &ill. - - L'Estrange. Let them, but under your superiours, kill; When doctors first have sign'd the bloody bill.

- Dryden. 6. An advertisement. - And in despair, their empty pit to fill, Set up some foreign monster in a bill, Dryden. 7. In law, -

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1. An obligation, but without condition, or forfeiture for non-payment. 2. A declaration - in writing, that expresseth either the grief and the wrong that the complainant hath iño by the party complained of, or else some fault that the party complained of hath committed against some law. This bill is sometimes offered to justices errants in the general assizes; but most to the lord chancellor. He containeth the fact complained of, the damages thereby suffered, and petition of process against the detendant for redress. Cowell. • The fourth thing very maturely to be consulted by the jury, is what influence their finding the bill may have upon the kingdom. Swift. 8. A bill of mortality. An account of the numbers that have died in any district. Most who took in the weekly bill of mortality, made little other use of them, than to leok at the foot, how the burials encreased or decreased. - Graunt. . So liv'd our sires, ere doctors learn'd to kill, And multiply'd with theirs the weekly bill. Dryd. 9. A bill of fare. An account of the season of provisions, or of the dishes at a feast. - It may seem somewhat disficult to make out the bills of fare for some of the forementioned ... suppers. Arbuthnot. 1o. 21 bill of exchange. A note ordering - the payment of a sum of money in one place, to some person assigned by the - drawer or remitter, in consideration of the value paid to him in another place. The comfortable sentences are fill of exchange, upgn the credit of which we lay our cares down, and receive provisions. ity/cr. All that a bill of exchange can do, is to direct to whom money due, or taken up upon credit, in a foreign country, shall be paid. Locłe. To Bill. v. n. from bill, a beak.] To caress, as doves by joining bills; to be fond. Doves, they say, will bill, after their pecking, and their murmuring. Ben janson. Still amorous, and fond, and hilling, I.ike Philip and Mary on a shilling. Hudibras. They bill, they tread; Alcyone compress'd Seven days sits brooding on her floating nest. - Dryden. He that bears th’ artillery of Jove, The strong pounc'd eagle, and the *; - ryden. To B1 1. L. v. a. [from bill, a writing, J. To publish by an advertisement: a cant word. His masterpiece was a composition that he Bisted about under the name of a sovereign antidote. L'Estrange. Bu’llet. n. . [billet, French.] . 1. A small paper; a note. ... When he found this little biolet, in which was only written Remember Caesar, he was exceedingly confounded. - Clarendon. 2. A ticket directing soldiers at what house to lodge. - 3. Bioet-doux, or a soft his et ; a loveletter. ‘T was then, Belinda' if report say true, Thy eyes first open'd on a billet-doux. Pope. 4. [bilot, Fr.] A small log of wood for the chimney. Let us then calculate, when the bulk of a fagot or billet is dilated and rarified to the degree of fire, how vast a place it must take up. Digby on Bodies. Their billet at the fire was found,

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To B1"LLET. v. a. [from the noun.]
1. To direct a soldier by a ticket, or note,
where he is to lodge.
Retire thee; go where thou art billeted:
Away, I say. Shakspeare.
2. To quarter soldiers. -
They remembered him of charging the king-
dom, by billeting soldiers. - Raleigh.
The counties throughout the kingdom were
so incensed, and their affections poisoned, that
, they refused to suffer the soldiers to be billeted
upon them. - Clarendon.
Bi'i. Li A R D s. n.s. without a singular. [bis-
lard, Fr. of which that language has no
etymology; and therefore they probably:
derived from England both the play and
the name, which is corrupted from bal-
yards, yards or sticks with which a ball
is driven along a table. Thus Spenser:
Balyards much unfit,
And shuttlecocks misseeming manly wit.
- ... Hubberd's Tal.]
A game at which a ball is forced against
another on a table. - -
Let it alone; let's to billiards. Shakspeare.
Even nose and cheek withal, -
Smooth as is the billiard ball. Ben Yonson.
Some are forced to bound or fly upwards, al-
most like ivory balls meeting on a billiard table.
When the ball obeys the stroke of a billiard
stick, it is not any action of the ball, but bare
passion. Locke.

BIT.LOW. m. s. shire, Germ: bog, Dan. probably of the same original with bill;, Sax. a bladder.] A wave swoln, and hollow. . . . From whence the river Dee, as silver cleen, His tumbling billows rolls with gentle rore. Spenter. Billows sink by degrees, even when the wind is down that first stirred them. Wotton. Chasing Nereus with his trident throws The billows from the bottom. Denham.

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3. To fasten to any thing; to fix by circumvolution. ! Thou shalt bind this line of scarlet thread in the window, which thou didst let us down by. eshwa. Keep my commandments, and live; and my law, as the apple of thine eye. Bind them upon thy fingers, write them upon the table of thine heart. Proverbs. 4. To fasten together. Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles, to burn them. Matthew. 5. To cover a wound with dressings and bandages: with up. When he saw him, he had compassion on him, and went to him, and bound up his wounds. Luke. Having filled up the bared cranium with our dressings, we bound up the wound. Wiseman. 6. To oblige by stipulation, or oath. If a man vow a vow, or swear an oath, to

hind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his

word. - Numbers. Swear by the solemn oath that bind; the gods. Pope.

7. To oblige by duty or law ; to compel ; to constrain. Though I am bound to every act of duty, I am not bound to that all slaves are free to. - - - Shakspeare. Dutics expressly required in the plain language of Scripture, ought to biod our consciences more than those that are but dubiously inferred. Waits. 8. To oblige by kindness. * 9. To confine; to hinder : with in, if the restraint be local ; with up, if it relate to thought or act. Now I'm cabin'd, cribb'd, confin'd, hound in To saucy doubts and fears. Shakspeare. You will sooner, by imagination, bind a bird from singing, than from eating or flying. Bacon. Though passion be the most obvious and general, yet it is not the only cause that kinds up the understanding, and confines it, for the time, to one object, from which it will not be taken oft. Locke. In such a dismal place, Where joy ne'er enters, which the sun ne'er cheers, Bound in with darkness, overspread with damps. Dryden. Io. To hinder the flux of the bowels; to make costive. Rhubarb hath manifestly in it parts of contrary operations; parts that purge, and parts that bind the body. Bacon. The whey of milk doth loose, the milk doth bind. Herbert. II. To restrain. The more we are bound o to an exact narration, we want more life, and fire, to animate and inform the story. Felton. 12. To bind a book. To put it in a cover. Was ever book, containing such vile matter, So fairly baund? Shakspeare. Those who could never read the grammar,

When my dear volumes touch the hammer, May think books best as richest bound. Prior. 13. To bind to. To oblige to serve some Osle. If still thou dost retain The same ill habits, the same follies too, Still thou art bound to vice, and still a slave. Dryd. 14. To bind to. To contract with any body. Art thou bound to a wife? seek not to be loosed. 1 Corinthians. 15. To bind over. To oblige to make appearance. Sir Roger was staggered with the reports concerning this woman, and would have bound her over to the county sessions. Aldaison. To BiN D. v. n.

1. To contract its own parts together; to

grow stiff and hard. If the land rise full of clots, and if it is a binding land, you must make it fine by harrowing of it. ..Mortimer. 2. To make costive. 3. To be obligatory. Those canons, or imperial constitutions, which have not been received here, do not bind. Hale. The promises and bargains for truck, between a Swiss and an Indian, in the woods of America, are binding to them, though they are perfectly in a state of nature, in reference to one another. Locke. BIND. m. s. A species of hop. The two best sorts are the white and the grey bind; the latter is a large square hop, and more hardy. Mortimer. BI'N 15 ER. m. s. [from To bind.] 1. A man whose trade it is to bind books. 2. A man that binds sheaves. Three binders stood, and took the handfuls reapt, From i. that gathered quickly up. Chapman. A man, with a binder, may reap an acre of wheat in a day, if it stand well. Mortiner. 3. A fillet; a shred cut to bind with. * A double cloth, of such length and breadth as might serve to encompass the fractured member, I cut from each end to the middle, into three bind rs. - isemian. Bi's p1NG. m. s. [from bind.] A bandage. This beloved young woman began to take of the binding of his eyes. - Tatler. Bi'N Dw E E D. m. s. [convolvulus, Lat.] A lant. "..., is the larger and the smaller; the first sort flowers in September, and the last in June and July. - Martimer. B1'Noc LE. m. s. [from binus and octahs.] A kind of dioptrick telescope, fitted so with two tubes joining together in one, as that a distant object may be seen with both eyes together. Harris. BiN o'cu L.A.R. adj. [from binus and oculus.] Having two eyes. Most animals are binocular, spiders for the most part octonocular, and some senocular. Derbor. BINo'MIAL Root. [In algebra.] A root composed of only two parts, connected with the signs plus or minus. Harris. BIN O'M IN ous. adj. [from binus and nomem, Lat.] Having two names. Bio/GRAPHER. m. s. [815 and y:z for.] A writer of lives; a relater not of the hi

story of nations, but of the actions of particular persons. Our Grubstreet biographers watch for the death of a great man, like so many undertakers, on purpose to make a penny of him. Addison. Bio'o, R A PHY. n.s. (6.3 and youtw.] In writing the lives of men, which is called , biography, some authors place everything in the precise order of time when it occurred. Watts. Bi’o v A c. ) n. 4. [Fr. from wey avach, £31’Hov AC. a double guard, German.] BI'v ou A c. ) A guard at night performed by the whole army; which either at a siege, or lying before an enemy, every evening draws out from its tents or huts, ... and continues all night in arms. Not in use. Trevoux. Harris. Bi'PA Rous. adj. [from binus and pario, Lat.] Bringing forth two at a birth. BI'p A RT IT E. adj. [from binus and pario, Lat..] Having two correspondent parts; divided into two. B1 PART I’T Io N. n.s.. [from bipartite.] The act of dividing into two ; or of making two correspondent parts. Bi'PED. m. s. Löipes, Lat.] An animal with two feet. No serpent, or fishes oviparous, have any stones at all; neither biped nor quadruped oviparous have any exteriöurly. Brown. Bi’r E D A L. adj. [bipedalis, Lat.] Two feet in length ; or having two feet. Bip E.'N N AT ed. adj.[from binus and penna, Lat.] Having two wings. All bipennated insects have poises joined to

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B1"QUADRATE. n. . [In algebra.] BioU A D R A rick. § The fourth power, arising from the multiplication of a square number or quantity by itself. Harris. BIRCH. n. 4. [bunc, Sax. betula, Lat..] A tree. The leaves are like those of the poplar; the shoots are very slender and weak; the katkins are produced at remote distances from the fruits, on 4. same tree; the fruit becomes a little squamose cone; the seeds are winged, and the tree casts its outer rind every year. Miller. B1'Rch E.N. adj. [from birch..] Made of birch. His beaver'd brow a birchen garland bears. - Pope. BIRD. n.s.. [bunb, or brib, a chick, Sax.] A general term for the feathered kind; a fowl. In common talk, fowl is used for the larger, and bird for the smaller kind of feathered animals. The poor wren, The most diminutive of birds, will fight, Her young ones in her nest, against the owl. Shukspeare. Sh' had all the regal makings of a queen; As holy oil, Edward Confessor's crown, The rod and bird of peace, and all such emblems, Laid nobly on her. Shakspeare's Henry viii. The bird of Jove stoop'd from his airy tour, Two birds of gayest plume before him drove. - i JMilton.

Hence men and beasts the breath of life obtain," And birds of air, and monsters of the main. Dryden. There are some bird; that are inhabitants of the water, whose blood is cold as fishes, and their flesh is so like in taste, that the scrupulous are allowed them on fish days. Locke. To B1 R D. v. n. [from the noun..] To catch birds. I do invite you to-morrow morning to my house, to breakfast; after, we'll a birding together. Shakspeare. BI’R D BoI. T. n. 3. [from bird and bolt, or arrow.] An arrow broad at the end, to be shot at birds. To be generous and of free disposition, is to take those things for birdbolts that you deem cannon bullets. . bakspeare. Bi’R dc AG E. m. s. [from bird and cage.] An inclosure with interstitial spaces; made of wire or wicker, in which birds are kept. Birdcages taught him the pulley, and tops the centrifugal force. Arbuthnot and Pope. B1/R D catch ER. m. s. [from bird and catch..] One that makes it his employment to take birds. A poor lark entered into a miserable expostulation with a bird, atcher, that had taken her in his net. 'Etrange. BI'RD ER. m. s. [from bird.] A birdcatcher. Bi'RD IN G-piece. m. s... [from bird and piece.] A fowling-piece; a gun to shoot birds with. I'll creep up into the chimney—There they always use to discharge their birding-pieces; creep into the kiln-hole. Shakspeare. B1'RD L M. E. m. s. from bird and lime.] A glutinous substance, which is spread upon twigs, by which the birds that light upon them are entangled. Birdline is made of the bark of holly: they pound it into a tough paste, that no fibres of the wood be left; then it is washed in a running stream, till no motes appear, and put up to ferment, and scummed, and then laid up for use; at which time they incorporate with it a third part of nut oil, over the fire. But the bark of our lantone, or wayfaring shrub, will make verygood birdline. Chambers. Holly is of so viscous a juice, as they make birdline of the bark of it. Bacon's Nat. Hist. With stores of gather'd glue contrive To stop the vents and crannies of their hive; Not birdline, or Idean pitch, produce A more tenacious mass of clammyjuice. Drydon. I'm ensnar'd; Heav'n's birdlime wraps me round, and glues my wings. - *::::: The woodpecker, and other birds of this kind, because they prey upon flies which they catch with their tongue, have a couple of bags filled with a viscous humour, as if it were a natural birdline, or liquid glue. Grew.

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In Spain, our springs like old men's children be, Decay’d and wither'd from their infancy; . No kindly showers fall on our barren earth, , To hatch the seasons in a timely birth. Dryden. 2. Extraction ; lineage. Most virtuous virgin, born of heavenly birth. ofenier. All truth I shall relate: nor first can l Myself to be of Grecian li to deny. Dothain. 3. Rank which is inherited by descent. He doth object, I am too great of birth. Shakt. Be just in all you say, and all you do; Whatever be your birth, you're sure to be A peer of the first magnitude to me. , 1)ryden. 4.The condition or circumstances in which - a; man is born. igh in his chariot then Halesus came, A foe by birth to Troy's unhappy name. Pryd. 5. Thing born ; production; used of vegetables, as well as animals. The people fear me; for they do observe . Unfather'd heirs, and loathiy births of nature. - Shakspeare. That poets are far rather births than kings, Your noblest father prov’d. Ben jonson, - Who of themselves Abhor to join; and, by imprudence mix’d, Produce prodigious &i os of body or mind. Milt. She, for this many thousand years, Seems to have practis'd with much care To frame the race of woman fair; Yet never could a perfect birth Produce before, to grace the earth. Waller. is eldest birth . Flies, mark'd by heav'n, a fugitive o'er earth. * . Prior. The vallies smile, and with their flow'ry face, And wealthy births, confess the flood's embrace. - Blackmore. Others hatch their eggs, and tend the birth, till it is able to shift for itself. 6. The act of bringing forth. That fair Syrian shepherdess Who, after years of barrenness, * The highly favour’d Joseph bore "To him that serv'd for her before; And at her next birth, much like thee, Through pangs fied to felicity. Milton.

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Hold fast the mortal sword; and, like good men Bestride our downfaln birthdom. Shakspears. Bi'RTHN i G. H.T. n.s.. [from birth and night.] 1. The night on which any one is born. Th' angelick song in Bethlehem field, On thy birthright, that sung the Saviour born. - Paradise Regained. 2. The night annually kept in memory of o one’s birth. . youth more glitt'ring than a birth night }. ope. Bi'RTH P L Acf. n.s.. [from birth and place.] Place where any one is born. My birthplace hate I, and my love’s upon This enemy's town. She of care. A degree cf stupidity beyond eyen what we have been charged with, upon the score of our birthplace and climate. Swift. B1'RT : RIGHT. r. s. [from birth and right.] The rights and privileges to which a man is born ; the right of the first-born. Thy blood and virtue Contend for empire in thee, and thy goodness Shares with thy birthright. Soak feare. Thou hast been found By merit, more than birthright, Son of God. Milica. I lov'd her first; I cannot quit the claim, But will preserve the birthright of my passion. - 0:way. While no baseness in this breast I find, I have not lost the birthright of my mind. Dryd. To say that liberty and property are the bioright of the English nation, but that, if a prince invades them by illegal methods, we must upon no pretence resist, is to confound governments. - - Addison. B1 RTHst R.A/NGLED. adj. [from birth and strangle.] Strangled or suffocated in being born. -Finger of birthstrangled babe, Ditch deliver'd by a drab. Shakspeare. BI'RTH worr. m. . [from birth and avort; I suppose, from a quality of hastening delivery: aristolochia, Lat.] A plant. BI'SCOTTN. m. s. [French.] A confection made of flower, sugar, marmalade, eggs, &c. BI's cu IT. n.s.. [from bis, twice, Lat. and cuit, baked, Fr.] I. A kind of hard dry bread, made to be carried to sea: it is baked for long voyages four times. The biscuit also in the ships, especially in the Spanish gallies, was grown hoary and unwholeSOInc. Anolia's History,

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