Imágenes de páginas
PDF

Rut far beyond my depth: my highblown pride . At length broke under me. . Skałupcare. 4. A blister; a pustule. BLA’d of R-S Cor. m. s. [staphylodendron, Lat J A plant. BLA D de R-9 ENA, n. 4. [colutea, Lat.] A plant. BLADE. n.s.. [blaco, bleb, Sax. bled, Fr.] The spire of grass before it grows to seed; the green shoots of corn which rise from the seed. This seems to me the primitive signification of the word blade; from which, I believe, the blade of a sword was first named, because of its similitude in shape ; and, from the &lade of a sword, that of other weapons or tools. . There is hardly found a plant that yieldeth a red juice in the blade or ear, except it be the tree that beareth rangwi, draconis. Bacon. Send in the feeding flocks betimes t' invade The rising bulk of the luxuriant blade. Dryden. If we were able to dive into her secret recesses, we should find that the smallest blade of grass, or most contemptible weed, has its particular use. Swift. Hung on every spray, on every blade Of grass, the myriad dewdrops twinkle round. - Thomson. B1. A p E m.s.. [blatte, Germ. blad, Dutch.] 1. The sharp or striking part of a weapon or instrument, distinct from the handle. It is usually taken for a weapon, and so called probably from the likeness of a sword blade to a blade of grass. It is commonly applied to the knife. He sought all round about, his thirsty blade To bathe in blood of faithless enemy. F. Queen. She knew the virtue of her hide, nor would • Pollute her sabre with ignoble blood. Dryden. Bc his this sword, whose blade of brass displays A ruddy gleam, whose Hilt a silver blaze. Pope. 2. A brisk man, either fierce or gay, called so in contempt. So we say mettle for courage. You'll find yourself mistaken, sir, if you'll , take upon you to judge of these blades by their garbs, looks, and outward appearance. L'Estrange. Then turning about to the hangman, he said, Dispatch me, I pri'thee, this troublesome blade. * . Prior. B1. A D F of the shoulder. m. s. The bone B1. A D E Bo N E. called by anatomists the scapula, or scapular bone. He fell most furiously on the broiled relicks of a shoulder of mutton, commonly called a bladebone. Pope. To B. A Dr. v. a. [from the noun.] To furnish or fit with a blade. BoA's Ed. adj. [from blade.] Having blades or spires. Her silver visage in the wat'ry glass, Decking with liquid pearl the bladed grass. Skał. As where the lightning runs along the ground, Nor bladet grass, nor bearded corn succeeds, But scales of scurfand putrefaction breeds. Dryd. BLAIN. m . [ble;ene, Sax.hleyne, Dutch.] A pustule; a botch ; a blister. Itches, blains, Sow all th’ Athenian bosoms, and the crop Be general leprosy. - ::::::: Botches and Alains must all his flesh imboss, And all his people. - JMilton.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Our pow'r Shall do a court’sy to our wrath, which men May blame, but not controul. Shakspeare.

Porphyrius, you too far did tempt your fate: 'T is true, your duty to me it became; But, praising that, I must your conduct #: Each finding, like a friend, Something to blame, and something to commend. *A*2. To blame has usually the particle for before the fault. The reader must not blame me for making use here all along of the word sentiment. Lockr. 3. Sometimes, but rarely, of. Tomoreus he blamed of inconsiderate rashness, for that he would busy himself in matters not belonging to his vocation. Knolles' History of the Turks. BLAM E. m. s. [from the j . I. Imputation of a fault. In arms the praise of success is shared among many; yet the blame of misadventures is charged upon one. Hayzward. They lay the blame on the poor littse ones, sometimes passionately enough, to divert it from themselves. - 2. Crime ; that which produces or deServes censure. Who would not judge us to be discharged of all blame, which are confest to have no great fault, even by their very word and testimony, in whose eyes no fault of ours hath ever hitherto been accustomed to seem small. Hocker. unspeak mine own detraction; here abjure The taints and blames 1 laid upon myself, For strangers to my nature. Shakspeare. 3. Hurt. Not in use. Therewith upon his crest With rigour so outrageous he smit, That a large share it hew'd out of the rest, And glancing down his shield, from blame him fairly blest. Fairy Queen. 4. There is a peculiar structure of this word, in which it is not very evident whether it be a noun or a verb, but I conceive it to be the noun. To 8Aare, in French a tort; culpable; worthy of censure. You were to blame, I must be plain with You, To part so slightly with your wife's first gift. Séaopeare. I do not ask whether they were mistaken; but, whether they were to blame in the manner. - - - - Stilling fleet. Now we should hold them much to biao, If they went back before they came. Prier.

BLA'Méful. adj. [from blame and full.] - Criminal; guilty; meriting blame. Is not the causer of these timeless deaths As blarofil as the executioner? Shakspeare. Bluntwitted lord, ignoble in demeanour, If ever lady wrong'd her lord so much, Thy mother took into her plungful bed Some stern untutor'd churi. Shakspeare. BLA’M E1. Es LY. adv. LFrom blameless. Innocently; without crime, It is the wilful opposing explicit articles, and not the not believing them when not revealed, or not with that conviction, against which he cannot blamelesly, without pertinacy, hold out, that will bring danger of ruin on any. Hammond. Bla’M E. Les N Ess n. 4. [from blameless.] Innocence; exemption from censure. Having resolved with him in Homer, that all is chargeable on Jupiter and fate, they infer, with him, the blamelesness of the inferiour agent.

ammond. .

Bla'Meless. adj. [from blame.] 1. Guiltless; innocent; exempt from censure or blame. She found out the righteous, and preserved him blameless unto God. Wisdom. The flames ascend on either altar clear, While thus-the blameless maid address'd her pray’r. - Dryden. Such a ioning of our coin will deprive great numbers of blameless men of a fifth part of their * tstates. Locke. 2. Sometimes it is used with of. We will be blameless of this thine oath.joshua. BLA'MER. n. . [from blame.] One that blames or finds fault ; a censurer. In me you’ve hallowed a pagan muse, And denizon’d a stranger, who, mistaught By blamers of the times they marr'd, hath sought Virtues in corners. Donne. Blamewo'RTHY. adj. [from blame and worthy..] Culpable; blamable; worthy of blame or censure. Although the same should be blameworthy, yet this age hath forborn to incur the danger of any such blame. , Hooker. To BLANCH. v. a. [blanchir, Fr.] 1. To whiten; to change from some other colour to white. You can behold such sights, And keep the natural ruby of your cheeks, When mine is blanch'd with fear. Shakspeare. A way of whiting wax cheaply may be of use; and we have set down the practice of tradesmen who blanch it. Boyle. And sin's black dye seems blanch'd by age to virtue. Dryden. 2. To strip or peel such things as have husks. Their suppers may be bisket, raisins of the sun, and a few blanched almonds. Wiseman. 3. To slur ; to balk; to pass over ; to shift away. Not in use. The judges thought it dangerous to admit ifs and ands, to qualify treason; whereby every one might express his malice, and blanch his danger. Bacon. You are not transported in an action that warms the blood, and is appearing holy, to Élanch, or take for admitted, the point of lawfulness. Bacon. To Blanch. v. n. To evade; to shift; to speak soft. Optimi consiliarii mortui; books will speak Plain when counsellors blanol, Bacon.

[ocr errors]

whitener. Dict. BLAND. adj. [blandus, Lat.] Soft; mild; gentle. c l In her face o: ame prologue, and apology too prompt; W.'...'...'."o address'd. IMilton. And even calm Perpetual reign'd, save what the zephyrs blin? Breath'd o'er the blue expanse. loot. To B. A.'s 1, 1s H. v. a. i blandior, Lat. To smooth ; to soften. I have met with this word in no other passage. Most’ring all her wiles, With bland; o'l parleys, feminine assaults, Tongue-batteries, she surceas'd not day no night To storm me over-watch'd, and weary'd got Milton. BLA’N D is HM FN r. m. s. [from blandish ; blanditi.e., Lat.] - 1. Act of fondness; expression of tenderness by gesture. The little babe up in his arms he hent, Who, with sweet pleasure and bold blandshment, ”Gan smile. Spenter. Ioach bird and beast, behold Approaching two and two; these cow'ring low With blundishment. Milton. 2. Soft words; kind speeches. He was both well and fair spoken, and would use strange sweetness and blindishment of words, where he desired to effect or persuade anything that he took to heart. Bacon.

3. Kind treatment; caress. Him Dido now with blandishment detains; But I suspect the town where Juno reigns. Dryd. In order to bring those infidels within the wide circle of whiggish community, neither blandishments nor promises are omitted. Swift. BLANK. adj. [blanc, Fr. derived by Menage from albianus, thus: albianus, albianicus, bianicus, biancus, bianco, blanicus, blancus, blanc ; by others from blanc, which, in Danish, signifies shining ; in conformity to which, the Germans have blancker, to shine; the Saxons, blaccan ; and the English, bleach, to whiten.] I. White. To the blank moon Her office they prescrib'd; to th' other five Their planetary motions. Milton. 2. Without writing ; unwritten; empty of all marks. Our substitutes at home shall have blank char

ters, Whereto, when they know that men are rich, They shall subscribe them for large eums of gold. - Shakspeare. Upon the debtor side, I find innumerable articles; but, upon the creditor side, little more than llani paper. Addison. 3. Pale; confused ; crushed; dispirited; subdued ; depressed. There without such boast, or sign of joy, Solicitous and blank, he thus began. Milton. Adam, soon as he heard The fatal trespass done by Eve, amaz'd, Astonied stood, and blank, while horrour chill Ran through his veins, and all his joints relax'd. AMitton. But now no face divine contentment wears; 'T is all blank ** continual fears. Pope. 2

4. Without rhyme; where the rhyme is blanched, or missed. The lady shall say her mind freely, or the blank verse shall halt for it. Shakspears. Long have your ears been fill'd with tragick

arts; Blood .. blank verse have harden'd all your - hearts. Addison. Our blank verse, where there is no rhyme to support the expression, is extremely difficult to such as are not masters in the tongue. Addison. Blas K. n. 4. [from the adjective.] 1. A void space on paper. I cannot write a paper full as I used to do; and yet I will not forgive a blank of half an inch from you. Swift. 2. A lot, by which nothing is gained; which has no prize marked upon it. If you have heard your general talk of Rome, And of his friends there, it is lots to blanks My name hath touch'd your ears. Shakspeare. In fortune's lottery lies A heap of blanks, like this, for one small prize. Dryden. The world the coward will despise, When life's a blank, who pulls not for a prize. I}ryden. 3. A paper from which the writing is effaced. She has left him The Blank of what he was: I tell thee, eunuch, she has quite unmann'd him. Pryden. 4. A paper unwritten ; anything without marks or characters. For him, I think not on him; for his thoughts, Would they were blanks, rather than fill'd with me. Shakspeare. Omission to do what is necessary, Seals a commission to a blank of danger. Shaks. For the book of knowledge fair, Presented with an universal blank Of nature's works, to me expung'd and ras'd. Asilion. Life may be one great blank, which, though not blotted with sin, is yet without any characters of grace or virtue. Rogers. 5. The point to which an arrow is directed ; so called, because, to be more visible, it was marked with white. Now disused. Slander, Whose whisper o'er the world's diameter, As level as the cannon to his blank,

Transports its poison'd shot. Sbakspeare. 6. Aim ; shot. Not used. The harlot king Is quite beyond my aim; out of the blank And level of my brain. Shak'peare.

I have spoken for you all my best; And stood within the blank of his displeasure, For my free speech. Shakip-are. 7. Object to which any thing is directed. See better, Lear, and let me still remain The true blank of thine eye. Shakspeare. To BLANK. v. a. [from blank : blanchir, French.1 1. To damp; to confuse ; to dispirit. Each opposite, that blank, the face of joy, Meet what I would have well, and it destroy. - Shakuf care. Dagon must stoop, and shall ere long receive Such a discomfit, as shall quite despoil him Of all these boasted trophies won on me, And with confusion blank his worshippers. Milt. If the atheist, when he dies, should find that

his soul remains, how will this man be amazed and blanked! Tillation. 2. To efface; to annul. All former purposes were blanked, the governour at a bay, and all that charge lost and cancelled. Spen.er. Bla's KET. m. s. [blanchette, Fr.] 1. A woollen cover, soft, and loosely woven, spread commonly upon a bed, over the linen sheet, for the procurement of warmth. Nor heaven peep through the blanket of the

dark, To cry hold! hold! Shakspeare. The abilities of man must fall short on one side or other, like too scanty a blanket when you are a-bed: if you pull it upon your shoulders, you leave your feet bare ; if you thrust it down upon your §2. shoulders are uncovered. Temple. Himself among the storied chiefs he spies, As from the blanket high in air he flies. Pope. 2. A kind of pear, sometimes written blanquet. To Bla’N KET. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To cover with a blanket. My face I'll grime with filth; Blanket my loins; tie all my hair in knots. Shakspeiro. 2. To toss in a blanket, by way of penalty or contempt. Ah, ho! he cry'd, what street, what lane, but knows Our purgings, pumpings, blanketings, and blows? P

r BLA'N k LY. adv. [from blank.] In a blank manner; with whiteness; with paleness; with confusion. To BLARE. v. n. [blaren, Dutch..] To bellow ; to roar. Skinner. To BLASPHE/M.E. v. a. [blasphemo, low Latin.] 1. To speak in terms of impious irreverence of God. 2. To speak evil of. The truest issue of thy throne By his own interdiction stands accurs'd, And does blaspheme his breed. Shairpezro. Those who from our labours heap their board, Blaspheme their feeder, and forget their lord. Pope, To Blas PHE'ME. v. n. To speak blasphemy. Liver of blaspheming Jew. Skałpear: I punished them or in every synagogue, and compelled them to blaspheme. Acti. BLAs PHE'MER. n.s.. [from Blaspheme.] A wretch that speaks of God in impious and irreverent terms. Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious. 1 Tinctly. Even that blasphemer himself would inwardly reverence his reprover, as he in his heart real despises him for his cowardly base silence. South. eny the curst blaspherner's tongue to rage, And turn God's fury from an impious age. rteri.

Should each blasphemer quite escape the rod, Because the insult's not to man, but God? Poe. B.A's pH E Mous, adj. [from Žaspheme. It is usually spoken with the accent on the first syllable, but used by Milton with it on the second..] Impiously ir. reverent with regard to God.

Oman, takeheed how thou the gods dost move, To cause full wrath, which thou canst not resist; Blasphemous words the speaker vain do prove. Sidney. And dar'st thou to the Son of God propound To worship thee accurst; now more accurst For this attempt, bolder than that on Eve, And more blasphemous * Milton. A man can hardly pass the streets, without having his ears grated with horrid and blasphemous oaths and curses. ‘Tillotson. That any thing that wears the name of a christian, or but of man, should venture to own such a villainous, impudent, and blasphomous assertion in the face of the world, as this! South. BLA's r H E MoUs LY. adv.[from blaspheme.] Impiously; with wicked irreverence. Where is the right use of his reason, while he would ‘....; set up to controul the commands of the Almighty 2 Swift. BLA's pH E MY. m. s. [from o Biosphemy, strictly and properly, is an offering of some ... or injury, unto God himself, either by words or writing. Ayliffe. But that my heart's on future mischief set, I would speak blasphemy, ere bid you fly; But fly you must. Shakspeare, Intrinsick goodness consists in accordance, and sin in contrariety, to the secret will of God; or else God could not be defined good, so far as his thoughts and secrets, but only superficially good, as far as he is pleased to reveal himself, which is perfect blasphemy to imagine. Hammond. BLAST. n. . [from blaerz, Sax. blasen, Germ. to blow.] 1. A gust or puff of wind. They that stand high have many blasts to shake

them; And, if they fall, they dash themselves to pieces. Shakspeare. Welcome, then, Thou unsubstantial air, that I embrace; The wretch that thou hast blown unto the worst Owes nothing to thy blasts. Shakspeare. Perhaps thy fortúne doth controul the winds, Doth loose or bind their blasts in secret cave. Fairfax. Three ships were hurry'd by the southern last, And on the secret shelves with fury cast. Dryd. 2. The sound made by blowing any instrument of wind musick. In peace there's nothing so becomes a man, As modest stillness and humility; But when the hlist of war blows in our ears, en imitate the action of the tyger. Shakspeare. He blew his trumpet—the angelick blast Fill'd all the regions. Milton. The Veline fountains, and sulphureous Nar, Shake at the baleful blast, the signal of the war. 10-yden. Whether there be two different goddesses called Fame, or one goddess sounding two different trumpets, it is certain villainy has as good a title to a blast from the proper trumpet, as virtue has from the former. Swift. 3. The stroke of a malignant planet; the infection of anything pestilential. [From the verb To blast.] By the blast of God they perish. job. o BLAST. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To strike with some sudden plague or calamity. You nimble lightnings, dart your blinding flames !nto her scornful eyes! infect her beauty, onsuok'd fogs, drawn by the powerful sun, To fall and tail fier pride, Sk-of-art.

[blocks in formation]

To his green years your censures you would suit, Not blast that blossom, but expect the fruit. Uryd. Agony unmix'd, incessant gall Corroding every thought, and piasting all Love's paradise. Thomson. 3. To injure; to invalidate; to make infamous. He shews himself weak, if he will take my word when he thinks 1 deserve no credit; or malicious, if he knows I deserve credit, and yet goes about to blast it. ...}. 4. To cut off; to hinder from coming to maturity. This commerce Jehoshaphat king of Judea endeavoured to renew ; but his enterprize was blasted by the destruction of vessels in the harbour. Arbuthnot. 5. To confound ; to strike with terrour. Trumpeters, With brazen din blast you the city's ears; Make mingle with your rattling tabourines. Shakspeare. Bla's TMENT. n.s.. [from blast.] Blast; sudden stroke of infection. Not in use. In the morn, and liquid dew of youth, Contagious blu.tments are most imminent. - Shakspeare. BLA't ANT. adj. [blattant. Fr.] Bellowing as a calf. You learn this language from the blatant beast. 'den. To BLA’t Te R. v. m. [from blatero, Lat.] To roar; to make a senseless noise. Not used. She rode at peace, through his only pains and excellent endurance, however envy list to blatter against him. Spenser. B1. A TT F. R A^T to N. m. s. [blateratio, Lat.] Noise ; senseless roar. o B1. A Y. m. s. [alburnus.] A small white river fish ; called also a bleak. BLAZE. m. s. [blare, a torch, Saxon.] 1. A flame ; the light of the flame : blaze implies more the light than the heat. —The main blaze of it is past; but a small thing would make it flame again. Shakspeare. Thy throne is darkness in th’ abyss of fight, A blaze of glory that forbids the sight. Drydo; What groans of men shall till the martial field : How fierce a blaze his flaming pile shall yield ! What fun raipomp shall floatingTibersees Drya. 2. Publication; wide diffusion of report. , For what is glory but the blaze of fame, The people's praise, is always praise unmixt? - - AMoltor. 3. Blaze is a white mark upon a horse, descending from the forehead almost to , the nose. Farrier’s Dict, To BLAZE. v. n. [from the noun.] 1. To flame; to show the light of a flame. Thus you may long live an happy instrument for your king and country : you shall not be a meteor, or a blazing star, but stella fixa; happy here, and more happy hereafter. acaro. The third fair morn now blaz'd upon the main, Then glossy smooth lay all the liquid plain. Pope. 2. To be conspicuous. To BLAzł. v. a. 1. To publish; to make known; to spread far and wide. The noise of this fight, and issue thereof, being blazed by the country people to some noblemen thereabouts, they came thither. Sidney. My words, in hopes to blaze a stedfast mind, . This marble chose, as of like temper known. - Sidney. Thou shalt live, till we can find a time To blaze your marriage, reconcile your friends, Beg pardon of thy prince, and call thee back. - Shakspeare. When beggars die, there are no comets seen; The heav'ns themselves blaze forth the death of

princes. - Shakspeare. But he went out, and began to publish it much, and to blaze abroad the matter. AMark.

Such musick worthiest were to blaze The peerless height of her immortal praise, Whose lustre leads us. A4ilton. - Far beyond . The sons of Anak, famous now and blaz'd, Fearless of danger, like a petty god I walk’d about. Milton. Whose follies, blaz'd about, to all are known, And are a secret to himself alone. Granville. But, mortals, know, 'tis still our greatest pride Toblaze those virtues which the good would}. - ope. 2. To blazon ; to give an account of ensigns armorial in proper terms. Not used. This, in ancient times, was called a fierce; and you should then have blazed it thus: he bears a fierce, sable, between two fierces, or. Peacham. BLA’zz R. m. s. [from blaze.] One that spreads reports. Utterers of secrets he from thence debarr'd, Babblers of folly, and blazers of crime; His larum-bell might loud and wide be heard, When cause requir'd, but never out of time; Early and late it rung, at evening and at prime. - - Spencer. To Bl A'zoN. v. a. [hlasonner, Fr.] 1. To explain, in proper terms, the figures on o: armorial. King Edward gave to them the coat of arms, which I am not herald enough to blazon into English. Addison. 2. To deck; to embellish ; to adorn. She blazons in dread smiles her hideous form; So lightning gilds the unrelenting storm. Garib. 3. To display ; to set to show. O thou goddess, Thou divine nature show thyself thou blazon'st In these two princely boys!, they are as gentle As zephyrs blowing below the violet, Not wagging his sweet head. Shakspeare. 4. To celebrate ; to set out. One that excels the quirk of blazoning pens, And, in th' essential vesture of creation, Does bear all excellency. Shakspeare.

5. To blaze about ; to make publick. What's this but libelling against the senate, And blazoning our injustice every where? Shak. Bla’zoN. m. s. [from the verb.] 1. The art of drawing or explaining coats of arms. - - *

• Proceed unto beasts that are given in arms, and teach me what I ought to observe in their blazon. Peacha”. 2. Show; divulgation; publication. But this eternal blazon must not be To ears of flesh and blood. Shakspeare. 3. Celebration; proclamation of some quality. I am a gentleman.—I'll be sworn thou art: Thy tongue, thy face, thy limbs, action, and

spirit, Do give thee five-fold blazon. Shakspeare. Mon con over their pedigrees, and obtrude the blazon of their exploits upon the company. terBLA’zoNR Y. n.s.. [from blazon.] The art of blazoning. Give certain rules as to the principles of blazonry. Peacham on Drawing. To Bleach. v. a. [bleechen, Germ.] To whiten; commonly to whiten by exposure to the open air. When turtles tread, and rooks, and daws: And maidens bleach their summer smocks. São. Should I not seek The elemency of some more temp'rate clime, To purge my gloom ; and, by the sun refin'd, Baskin his beams, and bleach me in the wind? Dryden. To Bleach. v. n. To grow white; to grow white in the open air. The white sheet bleaching in the o field. Shakspeare. For there are various penances enjoin'ds; And some are hung to bleach upon the wind, Some plung'd in waters. Dryden. The deadly winter seizes; shuts up sense; Lays him along the snows, a stifien'd corse, Stretch'd out, and bleaching in the northern blast. - Thomsen. BLEAK. adj. [blac, blac, Saxon.] I. Pale. 2. Cold ; chill; cheerless. Intreat the north To make his bleak winds kiss my parched lips, And comfort me with cold. Shakspeare. The goddess that in rural shrine Towell's here with Pan, or Sylvan, by blest song Forbidding every bleak unkindly fog To touch the prosperous growth of this tall wood. - . Moro-. Her desolation presents us with nothing but bleak and barren prospects. Addison. Say, will ye bless the bleak Atlantick shore, Or bid the furious Gaul be rude no more? Poe. Ble Ax, n. 4. [alburnus, from his white or bleak colour. A small river fish. The bleak, or freshwater sprat, is ever in motion, and therefore called by some the river swallow. His back is of a pleasant, sad sea water green; his belly white and shining like the mountain snow. Bleaks are excellent meat, and in best season in August. JP'olfer. Ble’A kNess. m. s. [from bleak.] Coldness ; chilness. The inhabitants of Nova Zemblago naked, without complaining of the bleakness of the air; as the armies of the northern nations keep the field all winter. Addison. BLE"A KY. adj. [from bleak.] Bleak; cold; chill. On shrubs they browze, and, on the bleaky to Of rugged hills, the thorny bramble crop. }: BLEAR. ads. [hlaer, a blister, Dutch. 1. Dim with rheum or water; sore with rheum. - -

« AnteriorContinuar »