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branah out, on all sides, into several different divisions. Addison. If we would weigh, and keep in our minds, what it is we are considering, that would best instruct us when we should, or should not, branch into farther distinctions. Locke. 3. To speal: diffusively, or with the distinction of the parts of a discourse. I have known a woman branch out into along dissertation upon the edging of a petticoat. Spectator. 4. To have horns shooting out into antlers. The swift stag from under ground Bore up his branching head. Milton. To B R A N C H. v. a. 1. To divide as into branches. "The so of things animate are all continued within themselves, and are branched into canals, as blood is ; and the spirits have not only branches, but certain cells or seats, where the principal spirits do reside. Bacon. 2. To adorn with needlework, representing flowers and sprigs. In robe of lily white she was array'd, That from her shoulder to her heel down raught, The train whereof loose far behind her stray'd, Branched with gold and pearl, most richly *rought. Spenser. BRA’s chi.o. n. . [from branch.] 1. One that shoots out into branches. If their child be not such a speedy spreader and brancer, like the vine, yet he may yield, with a little ionger expectation, as useful and more sober fruit than the other. Ji'ottom. 2. Loranceler, Fr.j In falconry, a young havk. I enlarge my discourse to the observation of the eires, the brancher, and the two sorts of lentners. W.1/ton. BRA's chIN Ess. m. . [from brancy.] Fulness of branches. BRA’s c : Loos. adj. [from branch.] 1. Without shoots or boughs.

2. Without any valuable product; naked. .

If I lose mine honour, I lose myself; better I were not yours, Than yours so branch'ss. Shikipeare. BRA’s chi Y., adj. Lírom branch.] Full of branches ; spreading. - Trees on trees o'erthrown Fall crackling round him, and the forests groan; Sudden full twenty on the plain are strow'd, And lopp'd and lighten’d of their branchy % °ope. What carriage can bear away all the various, rude, and unwieldy loppings of a branchy tree, at once * Wattr. BRAND. m. . [bmanb, Saxon.] 1. A stick lighted, or fit to be lighted, in the fire. Have I caught thee 2 He that parts us shall bring a brand from heav'n, and fire us hence. Shoko, are. Take it, she said, and when your needs re- quire This litic rand will serve to light your fire. ryon. If, with double diligence, they labour to retrieve the hours they have lost, they shall be saved; though this is a service of great difficulty, and like a brand plucked out of the fire. Augers. a. [brando, Ital, brandar, Runick..] A sword, in old language. They looking back, all th’ eastern side beheld ©f Paradise, so late their happy seat

Wav'd over y that flaming brand; the gate With dreadful faces throng'd, and fiery arms.

Milton. 3. A thunderbolt. * The sire omnipotent prepares the brand, By Vulcan wrought, and arms his potent hand. - Granville. 4. A mark made by burning a criminal , with a hot iron, to note him as infamous ; a stigma. Clerks convict should be burned in the han both because they might taste of some corp punishment, and that they might carry a lo, of infamy. Bacon. The rules of good and evil are inverted, and a Brand of infamy passes for a badge of honour. L'Estrange. 5. Any note of infamy. Where did his wit on learning fix a brand, And rail at arts he did not understand? Dryden, To BRAN D. v. a. Lbranden, Dutch..] To mark with a brand, or note of infamy. Have I liv'd thus long a wife, a true one, Never yet branded with suspicion? Shakspeare. The king was after branded, by Perkin's proclamation, for an execrable breaker of the rights of holy church. Bacon. Brand not their actions with so foul a name; Pity, at least, what we are forc'd to blame. Dryd. Ha! dare not for thy life, I charge thee, dare

not To brand the spotless virtue of my prince. Rowe. Our Punick faith Is infamous, and branded to a proverb. Addison. The spreader of the pardons answered him an easier way, by branding him with heresy. Atterb. Bk A/N D Goos E. m. s. A kind of wild fowl, less than a common goose, having its breast and wings of a dark colour. Dict. To BRA's D is H. v. a. [from brand, a sword.] 1. To wave, or shake, or flourish, as a weapon. Brave Macbeth, Disdaining forture, with his hrandish'd steel, Like valour's inition, carved out his passage. Booz-re. He said, and brandorhing at once his blade, With eager pace pursued the flaming shade. - Dryden. Let Ine march their leader, not their prince: And at the head of your renown'd Cydonians Brandish this sword. - 2. To play with : to flourish. He, who shall employ all the force of his reason only in brandisling of syllogisms, will discover very little. Locke. BRA's D 1.1 s G. m. s. A particular worm. The dew-worm, which some also call the lobworm, and the, are the chief. Walton. B1. A's D Y. m. s. [contracted from brandewine, or burnt wine.] A strong liquor distilled from wine. If your master lodreth at inns, every drum of brandy extraordinary that you drink, raiseth his character. Swift's Footo:3n. Bx A^s to Y-v, IN F. The same with orand. It has been a common saying, A hair of the some dog ; and thought that bready-wise is a common relief to such, IVisemen. BRANG1, E m. ... I oncertainly derived.] Sgobble; wrangle ; litigious contest. The payment of tyths is solect to many frauds, *, *.*.*, and of ice difficulties, not only

£rom papists and dissenters, but even from those who profess themselves protestants. Swift. To BRA'N G is . v. M. (from the noun.] To wrangle ; to squabble, When polite conversing shall be improved company will be no longer pestered with quil story-teliers, nor brangling disputers. , Swift. BRA's J L E M = N r. m. s. LFrom brangle.] The same with brangle. BRA’s K. n. 4. Buckwheat, or brank, is a grain very useful and advantageous in dry barren lands. Mortimer. BRA'N N.Y. adj. [from bran.] Having the appearance of bran. , t became serpiginous, and was, when I saw it, sovered with white branny scales. Wiseman. Bk A's E.N. adj. LFrom brass.] Made of brass. It is now less properly written, according to the pronunciation, brazen. BRA’s 1 E.R. m. s. [from brass.] 1. A manufacturer that works in brass. There is a fellow somewhat near the door, he should be a brasier by his face. Shakspeare. Brasiers that turn and irons, pots, kettles, 5 c. have their lathe made different from the common turners lathe. Moxon. 2. A pan to hold coal. [probably from emBraser, Fr.] It is thought they had no chimneys, but were warmed with coals on brasiers. Arbuthnot. BRAs I'l. ; m. s. An American wood, BRAzi'L. 9 commonly supposed to have been thus denominated, because first brought from Brasil, though Huet shews it had been known by that name many years before the discovery of that country; and the best sort comes from Fernambuc. It is used by turners, and takes a good polish; but chiefly in dying, though it gives but a spurious red. Chambers. BRASS. n. s. [bmar, Sax. prés, Welsh.] 1. A yellow metal made by mixing copper with lapis calaminaris. It is used, in opular language, for any kind of metal in which copper has a part. Brass is made of copper and calaminaris. Bacon, Men's evil manners live in brari, their virtues we write in water, Shakspeare. Let others mold the running mass Of metals, and inform the breathing brass. Dryd. 2. Impudence. BRA'ssi N Ess. n.s.. [from brassy..] An appearance like brass; some quality of brass. BRA'ss Y. adj. [from brass.] 1. Partaking of brass.

The part in which they lie, is near black, with

some sparks of a bra-oy pyrites in it. Woodward.

2. Hard as brass.
Enough to press a royal merchant down,
And pluck conmiseration of his state
From brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of flint.
3. Impudent. -
BR as T. particip adj. [from burst.] Burst;
broken. Obsolete.
There creature never past,
That back returned without locavenly grace,
But dreadful ouriss which their baius have bract,

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And damned sprights sent forth to make illmen agast. Spenur. BRAT. n.s.. [its etymology is uncertain; bnatt, in Saxon, signifies a blanket; from which, perhaps, the modern signification may have come.] A child, so called in contempt. He leads them like a thing Made by some other deity than nature, That shapes man better; and they follow him, Against us brats, with no less confidence Than boys pursuing summer butterflies. Shalo. his brat is none of mine: Hence with it, and, together with the dam, Commit them to the fire. Sharpeare: The friends, that got the brats, were poison'd

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2. The progeny: the offspring. The two late conspiracies were the brat, and offspring of two contrary factions. South. BRAVA’Do. n. . [from bravada, Span] A boast; a brag. Spain, to make good the bravado, Names it the invincible Armado. BRAVE. adj. [brave, Fr.] I. Courageous; daring ; bold; generous; high-spirited. An Egyptian soothsayer made Antonius believe, that his genius, which otherways was brave and confident, was, in the presence of Octavius Caesar, poor and cowardly. Baron. From armed foes to bring a ...; prize, Shows your brave heart victorious as your eyes. Haller. 2. Gallant; having a noble mien; lofty; graceful. I'll prove the prettier fellow of the two, And wear my dagger with a braver grace. Skah, . Magnificent; grand. Rings put upon his fingers, And brave attendants near him, when he wakes; Would not the beggar then forget himself? Shek But whosoe'er it was nature design'd

First a brave place, and then as brave a mind. Denham.

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. Excellent; noble: it is an indeterminate word, used to express the superabundance of any valuable quality in men or things. Let not old age disgrace my high desire; 9, heavenly soul; in human shape contain'd! Qld wood inflam'd doth yield the Bravest fire, When younger doth in smoke his virtue spend. Sidney. If there be iron ore, and mills, iron is a travo commodity where wood aboundeth. Bates. If a statesman has not this science, he must * subject to a braver man than himself, who province it is to direct all his actions to this on

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BRA v E. m. s. [brave, Fr.] 1. A hector; a man daring beyond decency or discretion. Hot braves, like thee, may fight, but kno" not well

To manage this, the last great stake. Do"

Morat's too insolent, too much a brave; is courage to his envy is a slave. Dryden. 2. A boast ; a challenge ; a defiance. There end thy brave, and turn thy face inpeace; We grant thou canst outscold us. Shak peure. To BRA v E. v. a. [from the noun.] 1.To defy; to challenge; to set at defiance. He upbraids Iago, that he made him Brave me upon the watch: Shah peare. My nobles leave me, and my state is brav'd, lov’n at my gates, with ranks of foreign powers. Słopeare. The ills of love, not those of fate, I fear; hese I can brave, but those I cannot bear. Dryd. Like a rock unmov’d, a rock that braves The raging tempest, and the rising waves. Dryd. 2. To carry a boasting appearance of. Both particular persons and factions are apt enough to flatter themselves, or, at least, to brave that which they believe not. Bacon. BRA’v El Y. adj. Ifrom brave..] In a brave manner; coul...geously; gallantly; splen

didly. Martin Swart, with his Germans, performed Bravely. as wor

No fire, nor foe, nor fate, nor night, The Trojan hero did affright,

Who bravely twice renew'd the fight. Denham. .

Your valour bravely did th'assault sustain, And fill'd the motes and ditches with the slain. - Dryden. BRA’v ER Y. m. s. [from brave.] 1. Courage; magnanimity ; generosity ; gallantry. It denotes no great bravery of mind, to do that out of a desire of fame, which we could not be o: to by a generous passion for the glory of him that made us. Spectator. Juba, to all the bravery of a hero, Adds sottest love and more than female sweetness. - Addison. 2. Splendour; magnificence. "here all the bravery that eye may see, And all the happiness that heart desire, Is to be found. Spenser. 3. Show ; ostentation: Let princes choose ministers more sensible of duty than of rising, and such as love business rather upon conscience than upon bravery. Bacon. 4. Bravado; boast. Never could man, with more unmanlike Bravery, use his tongue to her disgrace, which lately had sung sonnets of her praises. Sidney. For a bravery upon this occasion of power, they crowned their new king in the cathedral church of Dublin. uttoo. There are those that make it a point of travery, to bid defiance to the oracles of divine revelation. L'Estrange. BRA'vo. m. s. [bravo, Ital.] A man who murders for hire. For boldness, like the bravce, and banditti, is seldom employed, but upon desperate services. Government of the Tongue. No bravces here profess the bloody trade, Nor is the church the murd'rer's refuge made.

Gay. To BRAWL. v. n. [hrouiller, or brauler, French.] 1. To quarrel noisily and indecently. She troubled was, alas! that it might be, With tedious brawlings of her parents dear. - Sidney. Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice *::: fo still'd my brawling discontent. Shaş. ©l. I.

no no Sir John! what, are you Brawso ere : Does this become your place, your time, your business 2 Słakopogre's Hour v. Their battoring cannon charged to the months, Till o: soul-fearing clamours have brawl'd own The flinty ribs of this contemptuous city. Shaks. In council she gives licence to her tongue, Loquacious, orazoling, ever in the wrong. Dryd. Leave all noisy contest, all immodest clamours, braruling language, and especially all personal scandal and scurrility, to the meanest part of the vulgar world. Watts. 2. To speak loudly and indecently. His divisions, as the times do brawl, Are in three heads; one pow'r against the French, And one against Glendower. Shakspeare. 3. To make a noise. This is little used. As he lay along Under an oak, whose antique root peeps out Upon the brook that brawls along this wood. Shak peare. BRAw L. n.s.. [from the verb.] Quarrel; noise; scurrility. He findeth, that controversies thereby are made but brawls; and therefore wisheth, that, in some lawful assembly of churches, all these strifes may be decided. Hooker. Never since that middle summer's spring Met we on hill, in dale, forest, or mead, But with thy brawls thou hast disturb’d our sport. Shakspeare. That bonum is an animal, Made good with stout polemick brawl. Hudora. BRA'w I. E. R. n.f. [from brawl.] A wrangler; a quarrelsome, noisy fellow. An advocate may incur the censure of the court, for being a brawler in court, on purpose to lengthen out the cause. Ayliff. BRAWN. m. s. [of uncertain etymology.] 1. The fleshy or musculous part of the body. The brawn of the arm must appear full, shadowed on one side; then shew the wrist-bone

thereof. Peachan. But most their looks on the black monarch bend,

His rising muscles and his brawn commend; His double biting ax, and beamy spear, Each asking a gigantick force to rear. Drydon. 2. The arm, so called for its being musculous. ... I'll hide my silver beard in a gold beaver, And in my vantbrace put this wither'd razon. Soak-peare. I had purpose Once more to hew thy target from thy brawn. §.f. 3. Bulk; muscular strength. The boist'rous hands are then of use, when I, With this directing head, those hands apply; Brawn without brain is thine. Dryden. 4. The flesh of a boar. The best age for the boar is from two to five years, at which time it is best to geld him, or sell him for brawn. Mortimer. 5. A boar. BRA'ws ER. m. s. [from brawn..] A boar killed for the table. At Christmas time be careful of your fame; See the old tenant's table be the same; Then if you would send up the brawner head, Sweet rosemary and bays around it spread. King. BoA'w Nos Ess. a. s. [from braway.] Strength ; hadio b

This orateninet, and insensibility of mind, is the best armour against the common evils and accidents of life. Locke. BRA'w NY. adj. [from brawn..] Musculous; fleshy; bulky; of great muscles and strength. The brawny fool, who did his vigour boast, In that presuming confidence was lost. Dryden. : The native energy Turns all into the substance of the tree; Starves and destroys the fruit; is only made For brawny bulk, and for a barren shade. Dryd. To BRAY. v. a. Ibnacan, Sax. braier, Fr.] To pound, or grind small. I'll burst him; I will bray His bones as in a mortar. Chapman. Except you would bray Christendom in a mortar, and mould it into a new paste, there is no possibility of a holy war. Baron. To BRAY. v. n. [broire, Fr. barrio, Lat. J 1. To make a noise as an ass. Laugh, and they Return it louder than an ass can bray. Dryden. 'Agad if he should hear the lion roar, he'd cudgel him into an ass, and to his primitive braying. ' - ongreve. 2. To make an offensive, harsh, or disagreeable noise. What, shall our feast be kept with slaughter'd men : Shallbraying trumpets, and loud churlish drums, Clamours of hell, be measures to our pomp 2 - Shakspeare. Arms on armour clashing, bray'd Horrible discord. Milton. BRAY. n.s.. [from the verb.] I. Voice of an ass. 2. Harsh sound. Boist'rous untun'd drums, And harsh resounding trumpets dreadful bray. Soakspeare. BRA'Ye R. n. . [from bray.] I. One that brays like an ass. Hold ! cried the queen; a cat-call each shall win ; Equal your merits, equal is your din But, that this well-disputed game may end, Sound forth, my brayers / and the wää. rend. Pope. 2. [With printers; from To bray, or beat..] An instrument to temper the ink. To BRAz E. v. a. [from brass.] 1. To solder with brass. If the nut be not to be cast in brass, but only hath a worm brazed into it, this niceness is not so absolutely necessary, because that worm is first turned up, and bowed into the grooves of the spindle; and you may try that before it is brazed in the nut. Moxon. 2. To harden to impudence. . I have so often blished to acknowledge him, that now I am braz'd to it. § R. Lear. If damned custom hath not braz'd it so, That it is proof and bulwark against sense. Shak. BRA’z EN. adj. [from brass.] 1. Made of brass. It was anciently and properly written brasen. Get also a small pair of brazen compasses, and a fine ruler, for taking the distance. Peacham. A bough his brazen helmet did sustain; His heavier arms lay scatter'd on the plain. Dryd. 2. Proceeding from brass: a poetical use. - Trumpeters, With brazen din blast you the city's ear, Make mingle with your rattlingtabourines. Shak.

3. Impudent. To BRA’z EN. v. n. To be impudent; to bully. . When I reprimanded him for his tricks, he would talk saucily, lye, and brazen it out, as if he had done nothing amiss. Arbuthnot, BRA’z EN FACE. m. s. [from brazen and face.] An impudent wench: in low language. You do, if you suspect me in any dishonesty. —Well said, brazerface; hold it out. Shałip. BRA’z EN FA C E D. adj. [from brazenface.j Impudent: shameless. What a brazerfaced varlet art thou, to deny thou knowest me? Is it two days ago, since I tript up thy heels, and beat thee before the king 2 Shakspeare. Quick-witted, brazenfield, with fluent tongues, Patient of labours, and dissembling wrongs. Dryden, BRA’z E N N Ess. n.s.. [from brazen.] I. Appearance like brass. 2. Impudence. BRA’zi E. R. n. s. See BRASI ER. The halfpence and farthings in England, if you should sell them to the brazier, you would not lose above a penny in a shilling. Stoji. BREACH. n. ... [from break; Breche, Fr.] . 1. The act of breaking anything. o This tempest, Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded The sudden breach on 't. Shai praro. 2. The state of being broken. O you kind gods! Cure this great }. in his abused nature. Skał. 3. A gap in a fortification made by a bat

to he wall was blown up in two places; by which 'reach the Turks seeking to have entered, made bloody fight. Åncllo. Till mad with rage upon the breach he fir’d, Slew friends and foes, and in the smoke retir’d. - Dryden. 4. The violation of a law or contract. That oath would sure contain them greatly, cr the breach of it bring them to shorter vengeance. "Stensor. What are those breaches of the law of nature and nations, which do forfeit all right in anation to govern ? Bacon. . Breach of duty towards our neighbours, still involves in it a breach of duty towards God. ! South. The laws of the gospel are the only standing rules of morality; and the penalties affixed by God to the breach of those laws, the only guards that can effectually restrain men within the true bounds of decency and virtue. Roger. 5. The opening in a coast. But th' heedful boatman strongly forth did stretch His brawny arms, and all his body strain; That th’utmost sandybreach they shortly fetch, While the dread danger does behind remain. - Spents. 6. Difference; quarrel; separation of kind. neSS. It would have been long before the jealousies and breacbes between the armies would have been composed. Clarendo. 7. Infraction ; injury. This breach upon kingly power was without precedent. Clarindow. BREAD. n.s.. [bneob, Saxon.] I. Food made of ground corn. Mankind have found the means to make grin

into bread, the lightest and properest aliment for human bodies. Arbuthnot. Bread, that decaying man with strength sup

plies, And generous wine, which thoughtful sorrow flies.

- Aope. z., Food in general, such as nature requires: to get bread, implies, to get sufficient for support without luxury. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. Genesir. If pretenders were not supported by the simplicity of the inquisitive fools, the trie would not find them bread. L'Estrange. This dowager on whom my tale I found, A simple sober life in patience led, And had but just enough to buy her bread. Dryden. When I submit to such indignities, Make me a citizen, a senator of Rome; To sell my country, with my soice, for bread. Philips. I neither have been bred a scholar, a soldier, nor to any kind of business; this creates uneasiness in my mind, fearing I shall in time want bread. Spectator. 3. Support of life at large. God is pleased to try our patience by the inatitude of those who, having eaten of our ; have lift up themselves against us. King Charles. But sometimes virtue starves, while vice is fed : What then? is the reward of virtue bread? Pope. BR E A D-c H1 PPER. m. s. [from bread and chip.] One that chips bread; a baker’s servant; an under butler. No abuse, Hal, on my honour; no abuse.Not to dispraise me, and call me pantler, and bread-chipper, and I know not what Shakop. BREAD-co R.N. n.s.. [from bread and corn.] Corn of which bread is made. There was not one drop of beer in the town; the bread, and bread-corn, sufficed not for six days. Hayward. When it is ripe, they gather it, and, bruising it among bread-corn, they put it up into a vessel, and keep it as food for their slaves. Broome. BR EA D-Roo M. m. s. LIn a ship.] A part of the hold separated by a bulkhead from the rest, where the bread and biscuit for the men are kept. BREAD TH. n. 4. [from bnab, broad, Saxon.] The measure of any plain superficies from side to side. There is, in Ticinum, a church that hath windows only from above; it is in length an hundred feet, in breadth twenty, and in height near fifty; having a door in the midst. Bacon. The river Ganges, according unto later relations, if not in length, yet in breadth and depth, Riay excel it. rown. Then all approach the slain with vast surprize, • Admire on what a breadth of earth he lies. Dryd. In our Gothick cathedrals, the narrowness of the arch makes it rise in height; the lowness opens it in breadth. - Addison. To BREAK. v. a. pret. I broke, or brake; part. pass. broke, or broken. [bneccan, Saxon.] 1. To part by violence. When I brake the five loaves among five thousand, how many baskets of fragments took ye up 2 Mark. Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. Psalms.

A bruised recd shall be Rot break. Ilaiah.

See, said the sire, how soon 'tis done; " . The sticks he then oroke one by one: So strong you'll be, in friendship tied; So quickly broke, if you divide. 2. To burst or open by force. Or could we break our way by force. Milton. Moses tells us, that the fountains of the earth were broke open, or clove asunder. Barnet's Th. Into my hand he forc'd the tempting gold, While I with modest struggling broke his hold. - Gay. 3. To pierce; to divide, as light divides darkness. By a dim winking lamp, which feebly broke The gloomy vapour, he lay stretch'd along. Dryd. 4. To destroy by violence. This is the fabrick, which, when God breakets, down, none can build up again. Burnet. 5. To batter ; to make breaches or gaps



I'd give bay Curtal, and his furniture, Mymouth no more were broken than these boys, And writ as little beard. Slairpeare.

6. To crush or destroy the strength of the
O father abbot
An old man, broken with the storms of state,
is come to lay his weary bones among ye;
Gio him a little earth for charity. Slak.peare.
The breaking of that parliament -
Broke him; as that dishonest victory
At Chaeronea, fatal to liberty,
Kill'd with report that old man eloquent. Milt.
Have not some of his vices weakened his
body, and broke his health? have not others dis-
sipated his estate, and reduced him to want

7. To sink or appal the spirit. The defeat of that day was much greater than it then appeared to be; and it even broke the heart of his army. Glarendon. - H'll brave her to her face; I'll give my anger its free course against her: Thou shalt see, Phoenix, how I'll break her pride. Philip. 8. To crush; to shatter. Your hopes without are vanish'd into smoke; Your captains taken, and your armies broke. den. 9. To weaken the mental faculties. pprest nature sleeps : This rest might yet have balm'd thy broken senses, Which, if conveniency will not allow, Stand in hard cure. Shakspeare. If any dabbler in poetry dares venture upon the experiment, he will only break his brains. Felton. 1c. To tame; to train to obedience; to enure to docility. What boots it to break a colt, and to let him straight run loose at random Spenser. Why, then thou can'st not break her to the

—Why, no; for she hath broke the lute to me.
So fed before he's broke, he'll bear
Too great a stomach patiently to feel
The lashing whip, or chew the curbing steel. M.
That o bcast that bears against the
Hard to be broken even by lawful kings. Dryd.
No sports but what belong to war they know;
To break the stubborn colt, to bend the bow.
- Dryden.
Virtues like these
Make human nature shine, reform the soul,
And breas our “our. into men. Adddis.
- 2

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